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the one fonnded in Providence, R. I., h}'- Roger Williams, or
tlie one founded in Newport, R. I., hy John Clai-k?" This
has been a vexed question among the Baptists for lialf a
century and is one that will never be definitely answered. It
appeal's in the Minutes of the Warren Association for 1848.
That body then voted, "That the date of 1638 inserted under
the name of the First Baptist Church in Newport contained
in the tabular estimate in the minutes of last year be stricken
out and the date be inserted as in the Minutes of the years
preceeding." At the same time a committee was appointed
to examine tlie evidence concerning the two dates. This
committee consisted of Rev. T. C. Jameson, Rev. J. P. Tus-
tin and Judge Levi Haile. The dates as l)efore printed had
been for Providence, 1639, for Newport, 1644. The purpose
of tlie Newport party was to antedate Providence by one
year making their date 1638. This committee reported the
following year and their report is in the Warren Minutes,
1849, p. 13. They gave the opinion "that the church at
Newport was formed certainly before the first of May, 1639,
and probably on the 7th of March, 1638; they also gave a
synopsis of the evidence and the association voted, "that the
date 1644, which has ap])eared in our statistical tal)le as
designating the true origin of the First l^aptist Church in
Newport, be erased and left blank." This action was for
the purpose of giving the First J^>aptist Church in Pi-ovidence
an o|){)ortunity to put in an answer, which it did in a Review
of the Report^ prepared by a committee of the church consist-
ing of the pastor, James N. Granger, Alexis Caswell and
William Cammell. Their report was printed in 1850. It is
an ex(!eedingly acute piece of histoi'ical criticism; by far the
best piece of historical work of the Rhode Island scholars of


the time; one fine flower in a wilderness of weeds. In it the
authors admit that Winthrop mentions the establisliment of
a church, or at least of a preaclier in Newport in I608, hut
thej adroitly raise the (j^uestion whether that church was
Baptist in its character, and the further question whether
tlie First Baptist Church in Newport was the real successor
of this church of which Winthrop speaks. Following this
Review^ came in November 1850, the essay hy the Rev. S.
Adlam, pastor of the First Newport Church, entitled the
First church in Providence^ not the oldest of the Baptists in
America. Thus matters have remained without a delinite
result. But in its Minutes the Warren Association never
thereafter affixed any date to the Neivport Church, while it
affixed dates to every other Baptist church and left Provi-
dence with the year 1639, as it had always stood. Let us ex-
amine this question for a moment on a broader plane. It is
to be assumed that by the word church, a religious organiza-
tion is intended. So far as these two organizations are con-
cerned, neither have Records which have any bearing upon
the question. To either, reliance must be made upon pro-
fane history. Hence for Newport Ave have to rely upon
Winthrop's New England, Callender's Century Discourse and
the R. I. Colonial Records. It is a matter of authentic record
that Providence was settled in 1636, that Portsmouth was
settled in 1638, and that Newport was set off from Ports-
mouth in 1639. Portsmouth is on record with a church in
1638. Newport was not established until the next 3'ear and
hence could liave had no church before that time. Provi-
dence had been settled three years before Newport had any
existence. Roger Williams, who settled Providence, was a
clergyman. Is itto be su[)posed that for three j^ears after
his settlement he and his fellow settlers had no church or
religious organization? and had there been a Baptist clerg}^-
man at Newport, why did Roger Willinnis resort to the Bap-
tism of Holiman for a beginning? This is taking it for
granted that Winthrop's story of this baptism of Hohman is
true; and finally it cannot l)e argued that because Winthrop


mentions a cliiirch not at Newport, Imt on the Island, and
does not mention sneh a fact in connection with Providence,
that Providence liad no chnrcli; tlie presumption must he in
favor of Providence for the earliest Baptist churcli in

43. The Family. — Peter Malbone was horn
February 10, 1667-8; it is presumed that he came from Eng-
land, and it is certain that he died in Norfolk, Va., May 26,
1738. He was a proprietor of very considerable estate in
Norfolk and Princess Anne County, Virginia, as appears by
his will dated 1737. He was twice married; his first wife
was Elizabeth Godfrey, it is sup})osed, and thus the name of
Godfrey is introduced into the family. His second wife was

Margaret . By his first wife, Elizabeth, he had seven

children; among them Godfrey, boi-n in Princess Anne Coun-
ty, Januar}" 18, 1695-6. This son established himself in New-
port, R. I., and was a most successful merchant. He was a
man of cultivated tastes, as well as of munificent hospitality.
It appears by the family Bible, tliat, b}^ his wife Catharine,
he had ten children:

I. Peter, born June 24, 1720, (O. S,) Died at Barba-
does, May 27, 1730-
H. Godfrey, born September 25, 1722. Died September
5, 1723.
HI. Godfrey, born September 8, 1724. Died November
12, 1785. He married Catharine, daughter of
Francis Brinley, of Newport, R. I. Slie died
November 27, 1795, in Pomfret, Connecticut, and
was buried in the churchyard there. He was edu-
cated at the University of Oxford, and honored
with the fiiendship of Dr. Egerton, later Lord
Bishop of Durham, His learning, liberalty and
politeness enal)led liim to become one of tlie best
farmers and tlie most agreeable gentlemen in
Connecticut. His farm contained 4000 acres of
land, was well fenced, and beautifully managed.


"On it were 50 iiegioes, 100 cows, 20 yoke of
oxen, 120 otlier neat cattle, 60 liorses, 3000 sheep
200 swine, 10 white servants anda snb-ol)server."
lie built and endowed a handsome church on liis
estate, and the Society for the Propagation of the
gospel sent him a clergyman with an annual
IV. Elizabeth, born December 9, 1726.
V. Aleph born Decendjer 26, 1728, died December 26,
'^ISOO. Married Francis Brinley, of Newport, R. I.,
who died April 28, 1816.
VI. Mary born February 14, 1731.
VII. Thomas, born May 7, 1733.
VIII. John, born August 21, 1735, died October 15, 1795.
IX. Katherine, born October 21, 1737.
X. Deborah, born November 23, 1744, married Dr. Wm.
H unter, of Newport, R. I.

Silk Culture in Connecticut. — Legislation concerning
silk culture in Connecticut in 1732, intlicated that the indus-
try had made some progress there, even at that early date.
The lirst coat and stockings made of New England silk were
worn by Governor Law in 1747; the first silk dress by his
daughter, in 1750. Dr. Ezra Stiles, President of Yale Col-
lege, began a long series of experiments in 1758 by planting
three mulberry trees. His carefully kept record of the
growth, treatment and product of the silkworms tills a quar-
ter volume of manuscript, still preserved at the College. A
professor's gown was made from the fruits of his industry.
Nathaniel Aspinwall who had a nursery of mulberry trees on
Long Island, began about 1760 to introduce silk culture into
Windham County and otlier localities in Connecticut. He
was successful in planting mulberry orchards at New Haven
and Mansfield and laid the foundation in the latter town of an
industry that lasted three fourths of a century, and paved
the way for the present silk manufacture in this country.


Extracts from the Letter Book of Samuel Hub-


AMUEL HUBBARD was one of the few Rliode Island
pioneers who kept a diary and letter book. The man-
uscripts which he left covered, it is said, the period
from 1541 to 1688, the last forty years of which
period Mr. Huhbard resided at Newport. These papers were
rich in interesting details of life in that community, especially
of contemporary church life. They were seen by Rev. John
Comer in 1726, and were faithfully used by Dr. Isaac Backus
in 1777, when he prepared his history of tlie Ba})tists. They
were extant in 1830, but as early as 1852 had been lost.
The present writer has a copy of a note book into whieli Dr.
Backus had transcribed much of the journal and a few of the
several hundred letters which he saw in the original collec-
tion. Dr. Backus had also wiitten on the outside of this
note book, "Many more of his letters are in another book. No.
5 in quarto." It is to be hoped that whoever now possesses
this other note book will speedily make public its contents.

Sanmel Hubbard was born in 1610 in the village of Men-
delsham, a market town some eighty miles northwest of
London, in the county of Suffolk. He was the youngest of
-ten children born to James and Naomi (Cocke) Hubbard. Of
these ten, three came to New England. Samuel arrived at
Salem in October, 1633, but the next year removed to
Watertown. He joined the company that marched througli
the wilderness to the Connecticut River and founded the
towns of Windsor and Wetherslield. At the former place
Jan. 4, 1636-7, he married Tase Cooper, a young woman of
some twenty-eight years, who had arrived at Dorchester in


\6M. Thu young couple fixed their home at Wethersiield.
Soon they removed to S[)rinnfield, where Mr. Hul)hard lve[)t
an inn. After eight years, May 10, 1647, they again trans-
ferred their belongings to a new habitation, at Fairfield on
Long Island Sound, then the outpost of the English C()h)nies
on the side of the Dutch. Thence, also, he was compelled to
remove for a reason which he himself shall relate:

"God having enliglitened both, but mostly my wife, into
his holy ordinance of baptizing only of visible believers, and
(she) being very zealous for it, she was mostly struck at, and
answered two times publickly; where I was also said to be as
bad as she, and sore threatened with imprisonment to Hart-
ford jail, if not to renounce it or to remove; that scripture
came into our minds, if they persecute you in one place llee
to another. And so we did 2 day October, 1648. We went
for Rhode Island and arrived there the 12 day. I and my
wife upon our manifestation of our faith were ba[)tized by
brother John Clarke, 3 day of Novemljcr, 1648."

For upward of forty years he continued to live at Newport,
at what he termed "Mayford," probably leading tlie life of a
small farmer and practicing his trade as a carpenter. He
was intensely interested in the religious controversies of his
day. For twenty-three years he was a member of the First
Baptist Church at Newport. He was sent by the church
Aug. 7, 1651 "to visit the bretherin who was imprisoned in
Boston jayl for witnessing the truth of bapti/.ing believers
only, viz.. Brother John Clarke, Bro. Obadiah Holmes and
Bro. John Crandall." In 1657 he accompanied Mr. Holmes
on a preaching tour to the Dutch on Long Island. In 1664
he was chosen alternate General Solicitor of the Colony, but
does not appear to have assumed the duties of the ol'lice.

In 1665 Tase Hubbard first, and a little later Samuel Hub-
bard himself, became convinced of their obligation to observe
the seventh day, instead of the first, as the weekly sabbath.
They remained, however, for six years more in communion
with the old First Church. Mr. Hubbard was even sent in
1668 with Mr. Torrey and Mr. Hiscox, to assist certain Bap-


tists ill Boston who liad bueii arrested for their religious
views and had been granted a disputation. Dec. 23, 1G71,
Mr. Hubbard with liis wife, one daughter, and four others
withdrew from tlieir former church rehitions and formed tlie
first Seventh Day Baptist Church in America. In the con-
troversies of this period Mr. Hubbard had his full share, as
also in the subsequent extension of his peculiar beliefs in the
new town of Westerly and at New London.

His later days wei'e clouded by the death of friends all about
him, and especially of his only son in 1671. He found
abundant consolation in religion, nevertheless, and in corre-
spondenee with the friends still remaining, among whom
were numbered Roger Williams and John Thornton of
Providence, and Governor Leete of Connecticut. The last
letter from his pen mentioned l)y Dr. Backus bears date May
7, 1688. He certainly was dead in 1692. His wife survived
him and was present at a church meeting in 1697, after which
no trace of her can be found. The exact dates of death and
the place of burial cannot be determined in the case of

Samuel Hubbard was evidently a man of devout spirit,
loyal to religious convictions, and kindly disposed to all
mankind- To his forethought is undoubtedly due the preser-
vation of much that otherwise would have been lost concern-
ing the local history of his home. Dr. Backus has pro-
nounced his manuscripts a "valuable collection" containing
"a fund of intelligence." It is lioped that the following ex-
cerpts will not be without interest to those who may read

Note. Family Record of Samuel Hubbard.

Sa]MUEL HuBJiAiiD, born 1610 at Mendelsham, Co , Suf-
folk, England; came to Salem, Oct. 1688, Watertown, 1634,
Windsor, 1635, Wethersiiekl, 1637, Springfield, May 10, 1639,
Fairfield, May 10, 1647, Newport, Oct. 12,1648, Freeman,
1655, perha[)s earlier; alternate General Solicitor of Rhode
Island, 1664; died after 1688, probably at Newport ov Wes-
terly. He married at Windsor, Jan. 4, 1636-7, Mr. Ludlow




Tase Cooper, born 1608 in England; came to DorcliesUn-
Jnne 9, 1634 and to Windsor 1635; died after 1697, probably
at Newport or Westerly.

I. Naomi, b. Nov. 18, 1687 at Wetliersfield; d. Nov.
28, 1637 at Wetbersfield.
II. Naomi, b. Oct. 19,1638, at Wetbersfield; d. May 5,
1643 at S[)ringfield.

III. Rnth,b. Jan. 11, 1640 at Springfield; d. abont 1691

at Westerly; m. Nov. 2, 1655, Robert Burdick
who d. 1692. Children: 1, Robert, 2, Son, 8,
Hubbard, 4, Thomas, 5, Naomi, 6, Ruth, 7, Ben-
j jamin, 8, Samuel, 9, Tacy, 10, Deborah.

IV. Rachel, b. March 10, 1642, at Springfiehl; m. Nov. 3,

1658, Andrew Langworthy. Children: 1, Samuel,
2, James.
V. Samuel, b. March 25, 1644 at Springfield, d. soon.
VI. Bethiah, b. Dec. 19, 1646 at Springfield; d. April 17,
1707, at Westerly; m. Nov. 16, 1664, Joseph
Clarke, Jr., b. April 2, 1643, d.- Jan. 11, 1727.
Children: 1, Judith, 2, Joseph, 3, Samuel, 4,
John, 5, Bethiah, 6, Mary, 7, Susannah, 8,
Thomas, 9, William.
VII. Samuel, 1). Nov. 30, 1649 at Newport, d. there Jan.
20, 1670-1.

From Thomas and Esther Hubbard, dated at Southwark,
near London, April 24, 1641.

Note. Thomas was the oldest brother of Samuel, and his
senior by six years. Esther was the wife of Tliomas. 'I'his
letter has not l)een preserved.

From Alice Hubbard.
Dearly beloved brother and sister.

My love to you both remembered, hojMug that


you are well and yours, as I and mine are at tliis time, tliis is
to satisfy you that my husband is gone to England, he went
from me the 22 day of Dec, 1G44 and ye Lord was pleased
to carry him safe thither, so that that day month yt they
weighed anchor here they cast anchor at Deal in Kent in
England, and there as soon as he came out of the boat he
met my brother Thomas Hubbard, tho neither my husband
had ever been there before nor my brother. At ])resent the
IjOixI hath cast my husband into Ipswich, at your cousin
Joseph Hubbjird's, and there is four of that stock that are
veiy honest Christians. The Lord is pleased by his [)rovi-
dence to call me thither and my five children; I wod have
been very glad to hear from you before I had gone, but now
the time is so short I can't expect it: my husljand also desires
yt all his Christian friends might see wt God had done for
his soul since he hath gone thither by blessing the, changes
he hath brought him under. Sister Sarah of Yarmouth is
dead, her son Robert Jackson is well; my husband saw him,
])eing returned from the war after 4 years service under Col.
Cromweir in all wch he hath not been maimed or wounded.
When you send to us, send to my brother Thomas Hubbard's
house in Freeman lane near Hoi'sly down in Southwark,

Your loving sister,

Alice Hubbard.
Fi-om Chai-lestown, this 24 of October, 1645.

NoTK. The writer's husband was Benjamin Hubbard,
brother of Sanuiel, and but two years older. Benjamin was
at Chailestown with liis wife as early as 1633, and became a
freeman Sept. 3, 1634. In 1636 he was one of only a dozen
householders enjoying tho ])refix of respect (Mr.) He was a
cautious f]-iend of Wheelright. He was made clerk of tlu;
writs Dec, 164L He seems to have acquired rights to land
at Seekonk also. After his arrival in Eiighuid he wrote to
Governor Wintlirop a letter from London (dated 1644, but
Avritten, evidently, after Jan. 22, 1644-5, as the above letter
sliows^ in whic'h ho speaks of his "invention concerning


loiigitiulo."' Ill 1G52 he was a minister in Cobdock Co.,
Suffolk, and in 1654 lie was living in Ardleigli; His death
occnired in 1060. Savage gives his children as follows: 1,
Benjamin, b. March 24, 1634; 2, Elizabeth, b. April 4, 1636;
3, Thomas, b. May 31, 1639; 4, Hannah, b. Dec. 16, 1641;
and 5, James, b. Sept. 9, 1644; all at Charlestown. Hannah
m. Richard Brooks of Boston.

The sister Sarah mentioned in the letter was Samnel Hub-
bard's oldest sistor, b. 1593, who had married John Jackson.


From Rol)ert Cooper.

Loving and dear l)ro'r. and sister, Sain'l and Tase Hub-
bard, my hearty love rememb'd unto yo. The occasion of
this my writing unto yo is to certify yo yt I like N. E. very
well. I wod not have 3'^o think yt I repent me of my coming
to N. E. for it doth not, for I believe if I had staid there I
sho'd never have been that wch now I see to my comfort and
I hope it will be for my soul's good. I rest yr poor yet
loving brother.

Robert Cooper.
From Yarmouth, A[»ril 11, 1644.

This Robert was a brother of Tase Hul)bard, the wife of
Samuel. Another brother, John Cooper, was living in Lon-
don as late as 1680.


From John Hazel.
Loving and dear Christian cousin and brother in Christ
Jesus our Lord, I desire grace, mercy, and peace may be mul-
tiplied upon yo and my sister yr wife with a sanctified use of
yr present condition, knowing that all this workethtog'. for
the best to those yt love God. Rom. 8. Not only losses and
wants but persecutions and death itself for Ch'ts. sake will
be great advantage. Desir'g yt prayers for me unto the
throne of grace, w'th my Christ'n remembrance^ and saluta-
tion in the Lord unto all the brethren and sisters; and bro.


Clai'ke and bro. Lukcr in ])aiticular, I rest yonr lovinpf
cousin in wt I am al)le.

John Hazel.
Rehoboth, Marcli 24, 1651.


From John Hazel.

Rehoboth, June 23, 1651.

It is ordered by the colony of the court, that he whoso is
absent from their meeting in public, or set u}) any other
meeting, shall pay 10s a person for every day. In this cause
we know not one another's minds: to tarry I see no man
forward, and to go, no man as yet, for ought I hear or see,
can tell whether to go. I desire you to be private in what is
here written, only be instant with our God for us, yt the
Lord wo'd guide our ways, I rest yours in the Lord Jesus to
command in wt I am able.

Jolin Hazel.

The enemies treason [threaten], as I hear since I con-
cluded my letter, yt because wo were not at their nuicting
yesterday, yt our abstenance would prove costly.

Note. The Plymouth Colony Records show that on Oct.
2, 1650 the Grand Inquest presented to the Court "John
Hazell, Mr. Edward Smith and his Avife, Obadiah Holmes,
Joseph Tory (Torrey) and his wife, of the town of Relioboth,
for the continuing of a me(;ting upon the Lord's day from
house to house, contrar}^ to the ordei- of this Court." These
persons had recently been baptized, it is l)elieved, by John
Clarke, and had joined the Baptist Church at Newpoit^
There is no record of sentence i)assed against them at Ply-
mouth. But on July 20, 1651, Holmes with (Clarke and
Crandall were ariested while holdino- a meetinof at the house
of a brother Baptist at Lynn, and were subsequently im-
prisoned at Boston. The two latter were released on pay.
raent of a fine, but Holmes in September following was
whipped thirty stripes with a three-corded whip. As he was
led back to prison, Jolin Hii/cl shook him b^^ tlie hand, and
said "Blessed l)e tlie Lord." Foi' this* serious offence. Hazel


was sentenced to pay forty sliillings or to be whipped. He
was resolved not to pay tlie fine, but after six or seven days
inijjrisonment, on the day appointed for the whij)ping another
paid it for him and ]ie was released. The next (hiy he fell
sick at a friend's house near Boston and within ten days died,
being then nearly sixty years old. Just how he was a
"cousin" to Sanniel Hubbard is not known.
(To be continued.)

Glass Making in Massachusetts.— The history of the
lieginning- of the manufacture of glass in Massachusetts is
involved in some doubt. Bishop,'in his History of American
Manufactures, states that tlie earliest works was built in a
part of what is now the town of Quincy, but in this he is
[)robably mistaken, as tlie Salem works were undoubtedly the
Hist. He assigns no date to this (Quincy works, but Apple-
ton's C'^/'-'^^F'"'^^''^- gives it as about 1750. This works was,
like most of the other early ones in this country, built by
Germans, and its site is known to this day as Germantown.
Only black bottles were made, some specimens of which still
exist, which are of very [)oor metal and of rude make. The
proprietors failed some years before the Revolution, and the
house having burnt down, it was never rebuilt.

The first glass house in Massachusetts, and the lirst to
which a date can be assigned, was erected in Salem about
16b9. In this year Ananias ConcUlin, Obadiah Holmes, and
Lawrence Southwick received two acres of land each "adjoin-
ing to their houses," which was granted to them as "glass
men," for the purpose of promoting the manufacture of glass.
The next year John Concklin, another "glass man," was
allotted five acres more bordering the previous grants.

In December, 1641, the general court, for the encourage
ment of the enteri)rise, authorized the town of Salem to lend
the proprietors £30, which was to be deducted from the next
town rate, and the glass men were to repay it "if the work
succeeded, when they were able." The works having been
neglected for three years, the ConckUns, in 1645, received
permission from the court to form a new comi)any to carry
on the business. Glass was for a considiiiable time after-
ward manufactured at that place, which is mentianed in the
Colonial Records, in 1661, as the Glass House lield. In this,
and those which for many years succeeded, it is probable
that nothing more was attem[>ted than the manufacture of
bottles and other coarse descriptions of glass.


Masonian Proprietors' Record.


E find ill the Concord Monitor an interesting refer-
ence to a valuable donation to the archives of the
State of New Hampshire. Secretary of State
Ezra S. Stearns has just received from Robert
Cutts Peirce, Esq., of Portsmouth, N. H., as a gift to the
state, the Masonian Proprietors' records and papers, wliicli
have been in his possession since the death of his father, Col.
Joshua Winslow Peirce, the last clerk of the organization, in
1874. The value of these records and papers, in an histori-
cal point of view, cannot be overestimated. The records,
covering several volumes, arc in an excellent state of preser-
vation and tlie chirography is remarkably good. Much
time will be required to examine and classify the large num-
ber of papers, and to arrange the exceedingly valuable maps
and plans of towns and' land granted by that organization
during the century and a third of its existence. A cursory
examination of the recoi-ds and accompanying papers shows
the collection to be a most interesting and valuable one, and
every person interested in the history of our state can but be

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