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T^olume II.



NEWPOI^T, I^. L



1593.




R. HAMMETT TILLEY,
Editor and Publisher,
Newport, R. I.



OOIS^TETSTTS.



Analysis of the claims of Southold. L. I. for Prioi-it}' of settle-
ment over Southampton, L. I., Win. Wallace looker. 1
The Descendants of John Holmes, of Jefferson, N. H., and

his wife. Polly Goodall Dr. L. E. Holmes. 16

An Interesting Pamphlet. — A few Remarks upon some of the

Votes and Resolutions of the Continental Congress,! 774 42
Extracts from the Letter Book of Samuel Hubbard, Kay

Greene Hiding 59 170 242

The streets of Newport, R.I Benj. B. Howland. 77

English Parish Registers Col. J. L. Vivian. 94

Some Descendants of John Coggeshall, first f'resident of the
"Province of Providence Plantations" Gen. T. L

Casey 99

Letter of Benjamin Waterhouseto Sir Joseph Banks, 1816. . lOG

Letter of General Greene to John Collins, 1783 108

Search for the Grave of the Mother of Hookers Ill

The Genealogists of Nantucket O. P. Allen. 115

Extracts from the Friends Records, Portsmouth, R. I., re-
lating to the family of Anthony 118

Land in Stonington. Conn., sold for the use of the Peqnot In-
dians, 1 Hsa Hon. Richard A. Wheeler. 1 28

Record of Marriages by Rev. Gardner Thurston, Pastor of
the Second Baptist Church, Newport, R. 1.. 1759-

1800 143,205,261

Early Education in New England. .Hon. Thomas W. Bieknell. 149
The United Company of Spermaceti Chandlers 1761.

George C. Mason 165

vSketch of the Life of Captain William Torrey. Samuel W.

Reed 177

Extracts from the Friends Records of Portsmouth, R. I., re-
lating to the family of Almy 172

James Skiff, of Sandwich, Mass., and some of his Descend-
ants 0. P. Allen 185

Inquisitions Post Mortem •. Col J. S. Vivian. -01

John Myles. Religious Tolerance in Massachusetts. Hon T.

W. Bieknell 213

Extracts from the Friends Records of Portsmouth, R. I., re-
lating to the family of Borden 246



iv CONTENTS.

DEPflf^TMENTS.

Notes. — The Bicknells, 66. David Frothingbam, 67. The
Oldest houfce in Connecticut, 68. Early Greenbackers
in Rhode Island, 68. Ml. Desert Island, 127. Pearce
Family, 134. An Ancient Thanksgiving Proclamation,
135. A Revolutionary Flag, 136. An Historic Bell,
137. Portrait of one of the old School Gentlemen of
a Century ago, 187. Pierce-Moulton, 188. Knapp
Family, 190. Markham Family, 191. Cone family
of Connecticut, 191. Diary of a trip from Boston to
Albany, 1776, 192. Land sold for the use of the
Pequot Indians, 1683,192. The Manufacture of Nails,
204. The Old Thomsouville Ferry, 253. Rhode
Island Coal Mine, 254. An interesting memento, 256.
Fitchburg, Mass., 256.

Queries. — A Funeral Ring, 1775, 69. Holloway Ancestry,
69. Rev. Moses Sweat, 69. Brookline, N. H., 70.
Armstrong-Halce, 70. Earles-Brayton, 70. Windsor
Prison, Vt., 70. Indian Lands in Connecticut, 70.
Douglas-Mattle, 70. Tompkins, 138. Tillinghast,
139. Mayo, 189. The Town Sergeant and his Drum,
139. William Goodell Field, 140. Rogers, 140.
Almy, 140. Cutler, 140. Manchester-Eldred, 141.
The Survey of Vermont, 1791, 141. Dixon or Dickson,
142. Carr, 194. Cone, 194. Seabury, 195. May,
195,196. Family of General Greene, 195. Mumford,
195. The Compact of the Pilgrims, 196. Smith, 196.
Adams, 196. Rootes-Gale, 196. Chapman, 197.
Delano, 197. Paige, 197. Tubbs-Lawrence, 198,
Richardson, 198. Clarke- Wanton, 198. Capt. John
Morgan of New London, 1694, 198. Simmons, 199.
Benson, 199. Chapman-Kaighn, 199. Clarke-Hacker,

199. Cole, 199. Ayrault, 257. Cornell, 257. Cur-
tis, 257. Hill, 257. Barton, 258. Graves, 258.
Pearce, 258. Aldrich, 259. Brighara, 259. Litter,
259. Clarke, 260.

Replies TO Queries. — A Funeral Ring, 1775, 142. Rev.
Moses Sweat, 142. Windsor Vt., Prison, 200. Mayo,

200. Greene Family, 200. Delano, 260.

Editorial Notes. — Memorial to John Robinson, 71. New
Hampshire and Rhode Island, 72. Gorham, Me.,
Records, 72. Stories of Salem Witchcraft, 73. The
Public Schools of Boston, 73. The Old Constitution
House, Vt., 73.

Book Notes.— 74, 147, 208, 269.



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JANUARY, 1892.



NEWPORT, R. I.:

R. H. T I L L E Y ,

1891.



[Entered at Newport, R. I. Post Office as second class matter.]



Magazine of New England History.

PUBLISHED QUARTERLY, ) $200 ) R.H.TILLEY,

Newport, R I. ( per Annum- ( Editor and Publisher



The Magazine of New England History is made up of Original and Selected Arti,
CLES relating to New England local and family history; N 'TES and Quekies. in which
department all interested may ask for information, historical or genealogical, to be sent
to their address, or published in the Magazine; Book Notes; Announcements of loca
and family history in preparation ; and Wants, a department for the use of subsciibers
only. Selected Articles will be corrected by the a thors before they arc reprinted

While such Historical and Genealogical matter, only, as may be relied on for accuracy
and authenticity will be published, it is understood that the publisher is not responsible
for misstatements of facts (if any,) or for the opinions contained or expressed in articles
printed under the names, or initials, of contributors. All interested are respectfully in-
Tlted to furnish, for publication, articles and items relating to New England local, family
and church history.

Direct all communications and exchanges to

R. H. TILLEY,

Newport. R I.

Magazine of New England History.

Vol. 2. No. I. January, 1892.

CONTENTS.



Frontispiece— Tablet in Memory of John Robinson, St. Peter's
Church. Leyden

Analysis of the Claims of Southold, L. I., for priority of Settlement
over Southampton, L. I., and how they are dipsroved by the
early records and contemporary manuscripts . . . . i

The Descendants of John Holmes of Jefferson, N. H . 17

An Interesting Pamphlet — "A Few Kemarks upon some of the

Votes and Resolutions of the Continental Congress." 1774 . . 42

Extracts from the Letter Hook of Samuel Hubbard, continued 59

NoTKS —The Bicknells. 66 David Frothingham, 67. The Oldest
House in Connecticut, 68. Early Greenbackers in R. I . 68

Queries —A Funeral Ring, 1775, 69 Halloway Ancestry, 69.
Rev. Moses Sweat, 69 Brookline, N. H., 70 Armstrong-
Halce, 70. Earle- Bray ton, 70 Winsor Prison Vt., 70. In-
dian Lands at Stonington. Conn . 70. Douglas-Mattle. 70.

Editorial Notes.— Memorial to John Robinson, 71. New Hamp-
shire and Rhode Island— Two Old Newspapers, 72. (lorham.
Me., Records. 72. Stories of Salem Witchcraft, 73. The
Public Schools of Boston. 73 The Old Constitution House,
Vermont, 73.

Book Notes.— Americans of Royal Descent, 74. The Colonial
Furniture of New England, 74. Old South Leaflets. 74. Stud-
ies in American History, 75. The Estabrook Genealogy, 75
The Battle of Gettysburg. 75. The Ladd Genealogy, 76.



y^Gklim OfJ\(eW ^NGLANDjflSTORY

Vol, 2. January, 1892. No. 1.

Analysis of the Claims of Southold, L. I.,

FOR PRIORITY OF SETTLEMENT OVER SOUTHAMPTON,

L. I., AND HOW THEY ARE DISPROVED BY THE

EARLY RECORDS AND CONTEMPORARY

MANUSCRIPTS.



BY \VM. WALLACE TOOKER.



|RADITI0N, with its romantic vagaries and illusory
^/"jlj recitals, quickly obliterates or distorts every vestige
^Jl / of fact, and carries tlie historian away into a perfect
^^ labyrinth of error. A period of time, looking through
a vista of two hundred and fifty years, is inappreciable at the
present moment, and minutely considered, is but an atom in
the chemistry of our thoughts. Occurrences of twenty, ten,
or even five years past, cannot be recalled without some
boundary-mark to guide our memory. So it is with early
events, unless carefully noted, and preserved, the}^ are soon
passed into oblivion. Settlements that were planted in the
dawn of the colonial period are now celebrating their anni-
versaries. The desire for knowledge concerning these early
towns and their people, is rapidly growing. Historical data
and reminiscences relating to both, are found where least
expected ; they come up before us like mushrooms in a night,
and the end is not yet. The publishing of the first records —
torn, faded, and moth-eaten — is doing far more than its
greater share in dispelling the myths of tradition in which
truth has been buried for generations. May the good work
continue until the sum of our knowledge is complete, with



2 MAGAZINE OF NEW ENGLAND HISTORY.

nothing lacking. The two towns on Long Ishmd, first set-
tled by the English, celebrated their two-and-a-half centuries
of existence in the summer of 1890 ; Southampton theirs
on the 12tli of June, because on that date in the year 1640,
James Farrett granted a patent for land, which was then
in their possession, with houses erected ; Southold theirs on
the 21st of August, not because that date represented any-
thing historic, but because it was a convenient day, and a
larger crowd could be brought together at that time. The
claims of Southampton have been fully set forth b}^ the
*Hon Henry P. Hedges, jGeo. R. Howell, A. M., and |Wm.
S. Pelletreau. A. M. These historians have covered all the
ground so far as that town is concerned, and prove by con-
temporary, corroborative and historical evidence, which com-
mends itself to every unprejudiced mind, that Southampton
was settled by the emigrants from Lynn, Mass., in the spring
of 1640.

Let us look into the claims made on behalf of Southold —
claims still grasped at as a drowning man clutches a floating
chip — in the light of indisputable facts. Rev. Epher Whita-
ker, in his history of Southold, 1881, p. 41, reiterated in
various articles on the subject of the town's anniversary, con-
tributed to the Brooklyn Eagle, on July 12, 1890, and to
other papers during the spring and summer of that year,
makes the assertion that Southold obtained her Indian deed
in the summer of 1640. Thus endeavoring to antedate that of
Southampton by several months. This claim is also echoed,
through the influence of Rev. Mr. Whitaker, by Mrs.
Martha J. Lamb, in the Magazine of American History for
October 1890, p. 280, in the following words: — "the testi-
mony shows that some of them were in Southold as early as
the summer at 1638, if not before, although the exact date
when the ground was first broken is not known. There
seems to be no lack of evidence as to its priority over South-

*Address before the Suffolk Co., N. Y. Hist. Soc. Oct. i, 1889.
tWhen Southamp'on and Southold were settled. 1882.
JMunsill's Hist. Suffolk Co., xN. Y., (Southold town.)



MAGAZINE OF NEW ENGLAND HISTORY. 3

ampton. The church was regularly organized on the 21st of
October 1640, about two months after the title had been ob-
tained from the Indians, which according to the records was
just a little ahead of its neighbor. Four days later it is re-
corded that one of the settlers sold his land with the house
upon it and other improvements for <£^, which points to the
probability of his having been an inhabitant of the place
since 1639, if not longer." This is all sheer assumption.
There is absolutely no authority on which any of these claims
is based. It is a distortion of the records, that would not be
tolerated in any court of law. They might just as well
claim that Columbus first landed on Long Island in 1492, as
to say settlers were there in 1638. No Indian deed what-
ever, can be found bearing the date of 1640. None is even
alluded to, as having been given in that year.

Being greatly interested in everything appertaining to the
aboriginal history of Long Island, especially for the informa-
tion, philological, typographical, and ethnological that can be
found in her Indian deeds, I wrote to a friend in Southold
asking for a copy of this deed — unknown to me and to
others — so much claim had been made and so widely pub-
lished, I took it for granted, that they must have some basis
for it: I was informed that the Indian deed in question
would be found on pages 112 to 116 of the 1st volume of the
printed records of Southold. No Indian deed appears on any
of those pages, but on page 112 is found a copy of James
Farrett's deed to Richard Jackson, dated August 15th, 1640,
for "fifty acres of meadow and upland lying and being upon
the North of the River called Mahansuck to the Eastward of
the place commonly called the Five Wigwams. Together
with a hundred acies of upland, adjoyinge to the aforesaid
fifty acres to the Northwest of it." On October 25th follow-
ing, Richard Jackson, Carpenter, conveys the same land, then
called Hashamommuck Neck, together with a house that he
had erected upon it, to Thomas Weatherly, Mariner. These
transactions occur two and four mpnths after Farrett's second
grant to the Southampton colonists. No mention whatever



4 MAGAZINE OF NEW ENGLAND HISTORY.

of any Indian claim or deed. Stephen Goodyeare of New
Haven, as entered on the 116th page, sells the same tract to
John Ketchum, as belonging to him both from Jackson and
Weatherly and hy the Indian title. In the 2nd Vol. of the
Records p. 95, dated 1666, Ketchum's deed to Thomas Moore
for the same, gives us: — "Whereas Stephen Goodyeare * * *
became legally possessed of the aforesaid several conveyances
and of the interest in all the afore recited premises, as also of
the Indian title thereunto."" *Mr. Whitaker acknoVledges
that the Indian deeds almost invariably followed the English
occupation, and he quotes the instances. These deeds show
no exception, and prove conclusively, that the Indian title to
this tract on which Southold's claim is based, was subsequent
to both the Jackson and Weatherly deeds, and was obtained
some time previous to 1653, the date of Goodyeare's convey-
ance to Ketchum. fCharles B. Moore in his Anniversary
Address at Southold says : "Goodyeare bought it from Weath-
erly on Oct. 22d, 1640." This is a decided lapsus calami, for
that is three days previous to Weatherly's ownership. Mr.
Moore is greatly mistaken in naming any date, for there is
no record, nothing in fact, to show what year it came into
Goodyeare's possession. It is not probable that it was synch-
ronous with Weatherly's deed from Jackson, but, if it was,
then the land m.ust have been abandoned for thirteen years,
for Goodyeare never lived upon it.

Now the question arises, what year was the Indian title
purchased? Was it in 1640 as claimed? No! All trace of
the Indian deed for this part of the Island, was lost for many
years. It is not mentioned in any history of Long Island.
No copy was known to be in existence, but one has been
found. Those interested in its discovery do not seem to
recognize its application and bearing on this mooted ques-
tion. Had it been known to the late J. Wickham Case, it
would have changed the tenor of many of his notes to the
1st and 2d volume of the printed records of Southold.

* History of Southold, p. 39.
tSouthold's Celebration, p. 127.



MAGAZINE OF NEW ENGLAND HISTORY. 5

Eight years had flown between the time Jackson sold out to
Weatherly and the date of the Indian deed to Goodyeare
and associates. It is stated to have taken place on May 16,
1648, by a copy made by the Recorder of Southold, from
1662 to 1674, which he states to be "A True coppie of the
original by mee Richard Terry." This time stained paper
was formerly in the library of the late J. Carson Brevoort, of
Brooklyn, N. Y., and is now on sale at Dodd and Mead's
N. Y. It is also on record in the office of Secretary of State,
Albany, N. Y. A brief abstract is: '■'•Ma^nmaivetough, Sa-
chem, of Oorchauge grants to Theophilus Eaton, Esq., Gov-
ernor of New Haven, Stephen Goodyeare, Deputy Goner,
and Capt. Malborn of New Haven * * * all that tract or
neck of land by some called HassJiamommuck Neck beginning
at a creek called and known by the name Pauoakatum^
bounded on the west by land in the occupation of William
Salmon, extending itself to the eastward towards Plum
Island, the breadth thereof also to the North and South See,
etc." This is not a confirmatory deed of an earlier pur-
chase, but is the first and only deed of that tract. It states,
however, that a deed was drawn ten days previous, which did
not recognize the Indian Uxquepassuii s claim, so another had
to be drawn.

Richard Jackson in his deed of October, 1640, is said to
have been of '•'•Yennacock.'''' Hereby hangs another claim —
that it means Southold village. It does not follow that it
means that limited tract. The early records do not indicate
it, and the few times the name appears, seem 'to designate
the whole of that part of Long Island, without regard to any
particular spot. Charles B. Moore admits this, where he
says of a *New Haven record : — "This frequest shows that
it was not intended to confine the name '■'• Yenni/cott^^ to Mr.
Goodyeare's purchase." Mr. Moore is mistaken in consider-
ing this name, and that of the Shelter Island Sachem, Yoco,
Youghcoe, Rougkcoe^ or Yovawan^ to be synonymous, for they

*Rec. N. H. Colony, Vol i, p. 97.
tSouthold's Celebration, pp. 134, 139, 150.



6 MAGAZINE OF NEW ENGLAND HISTORY.

are not ; one is a personal name as all its variations prove,
and the other a simple descriptive place-name. Now, as for
its etj-mology and application. Yean, Yeano, Yenny, etc., is
the Long Island dialectic equivalent of the Massachusetts
Yden = 'extended.' The terminal affix — cock, is a corrup-
tion by the English of auk-ut, sometimes abbreviated to Jcut,
or cot. It is found in many Indian names of places on Long
Island. Roger Williams in the Narragansett, wrote it awklt,
and as a place-name terminal, signifies, 'land,' or 'country,'
which gives us the compound name of Yaen-auk-ut 'at the
extended country.' See the Indian deed, where the land is
said to be 'extending itself eastward,' as if those who drew
the deed knew its meaning. This is repeated in other rec-
ords. Those Indians living at Ucquehaug— head of the bay
(at Pehik-konuk, "the little plantation," from which the Pe-
conic River and Bay ' takes its name) were also called the
Yeanocock Indians b}^ the Montauk Sachem in 1667, all of
which corroborates our study. Does it apply to the South-
old settlement alone ? No ! But it does apply to the whole
territory, and there it belongs.

Mr. Moore is also mistaken in designating the body of
water that flows between Greenport and Shelter Island as a
river. James Farrett would not have so called it. It is al-
ways designated as the 'south sea' in the early days. It is
not a river in any sense of the word. No Indian would have
called it a — suck, a term that was applied to the "mouth of
a stream," or "outlet of a pond," etc. It is a common affix
to many Indian names of places. The '"Fifty acres" did not
lie north of this body of water, called by Mr. Moore repeat-
edly, the Manhansett river. It lay, according to the record,
"North of the river called Mahansuck. "The etymology of this
name describes the stream exactly, so that we can identify it
beyond question. Manhan, 'an Island,' — suck, 'an outlet,'
as a whole, "the Island outlet." This describes the outlet
of Pipes Neck Creek, near Greenport, which has to-day,
as well as two-and-a-half centuries ago, a small Island
of woods at its mouth. Therefore this tract of fifty



MAGAZINE OF NEW ENGLAND HISTORY. 7

acres, lies north of the mouth of this creek, and is
included in the Indian purchase of 1648, for the creek
called '-'■Paucahatun'^ (or Paucuckatux, in another entry)
is Pipes Neck Creek, in its entire length. This being
the parallel of the Massachusetts, or in the Natick dia-
lect, Pohquta-tuk, 'the dividing tidal-stream, or river,' be-
cause it divided or separated Wm. Salmon's purchase of
1645, and also that of 1648. *The late J. Wickham Case
was inclined to think the "Five Wigwams" had lost all means
of identity, and suggested the small Island of woods as its
location. As will be seen, this could not be, for the land
was "to the eastward" of the wigwams, not to the north. I
would suggest as their proper location the "Salmon Neck,"
by some called the true "Hashamomuk," where the several
swamps and tracts of land (Indian corn fields) were located
that were exempted from purchase in the Indian deed to
Salmon in 1645. They were at that time called *Po7/has,
Weakewanopp, Mantoohaugs and Sonnquoquas. These are
all personal names of Indians living at those places, and rep-
resent four and perhaps the whole five of the wigwams.
Weekewanopp in 1648, with his three brothers, gave a deed
to Gov. Eaton and others for the tract called 3IattafvJc.-f
Uxquepasswi^ one of the three, had to be satisfied by the chief
Mammmvetovgh in the ITashamomuk purchase, as he claimed
an ancient right in the land, f Another called Noweconyiey
or -fYowonocogus, together with \Sonnquoquaesick mid other
chief men, signed the deed to S3dvester for Shelter Island in
1652, showing that all belonged to the family of Sachems,
and lived in the vicinity. Locating the "Five Wigwams" on
the Salmon or Plashamomuk Neck proper, agrees perfectly
with the points of the compass as given by Farrett in his
deed to Jackson, and is corroborative evidence that the neck
and land to the west were unoccupied by the whites in Au-
gust, 1640.

*Southold Rec. Vol. i, pp. ii3. 20S. 210,
tBrookhaven Rec. Vol 1. p. 77.
JEast Hampton Rec, Vol. i, p. 97.



8 MAGAZINE OF NEW ENGLAND HISTORY.

Another claim by Mr. Whitaker, agreed toby Mrs. Lamb,
is that the settlement was so old in October, 1640, that Jack-
son was able to sell his dwelling house and other improve-
ments, which point to his having been a settler as early as
1639 or earlier. Here they ignore the fact entirely that Jack-
son never owned the land until two months previous.
Further, if he was the same Richard Jackson of Cambridge
as supposed, who laid out Sudbury, Mass., in 1687, who
was fined £5 on the 22d of May, 1639, for going to Con-
necticut, and who is said to be still of Cambridge on Aug. 7,
1640, according to a letter of attorney. This being eight
days before he bought the land of Farrett, he could not have
been on Long Island in 1639 or earlier as a settler. The
deed was probably drawn at Boston, as near as we can learn.
Farrett was there the most of that month, possibly all of it.
Jackson was in trouble and was persecuted through no fault
of his own, and to escape it, went away until his affairs could
be straightened out. His fine was at last remitted in Septem-
ber, 1640, and he went back to Cambridge after his sale to
Weatherly. In the eighteen days that had passed, between
Farrett's first grant to the Southampton settlers for the
"eight miles square," and the time they were arrested by the
Dutch soldiers under Van Tienhoven, on May 15, 1640,*
they had already built one house and had another in progress,
showing that the houses of that period were primitive in
their character, built of hewn timber, "catted, daubed, and
creek thatched," as was also Jackson's.

Jackson and Weatherly were but tempoi-ary sojourners —
in fact, we have no knowledge that the latter ever lived
there — and the erection of this house, vacant and abandoned
for many years while in Goodyeare's possession, does not
make a settlement any more than the placing of a fisher-
man's cabin on our shores, or a woodchopper's turf and log-
hut in our woods. 'We might also say, any more than Capt.
Gosnold's temporary occupation of the most westerly of the

*Col. Hist. N. Y., Vol. 2, p. 146.



MAGAZINE OF NEW ENGLAND IIISTOUY. 9

Elizabeth Islands in the winter of 1602 8, began the settle-
ment of New England.

Time and again it has been asserted that the recoixls of
Southold infer a settlement in 1639 or 40, by one Matthew
Sinderland or Sutherland. This is based principally on the
following (Vol. 1, pp. 168-9, dated 1661) : "These p'sents
witness to all it may an}- wise concerne, that whereas one
William Salmon sometyme of Hashammomuck neere South-
old on Long Island, blacksmith, deceased, in his lifetime was
married unto Katherine the relect widdowe of Matthew Sun-
derland, seaman, who was then possessed of Hashamommuek
aforesaid, for and on the behalf of James Farrett, agent to
the Right honorable the Earl of Starling by vertue of a com-
mission to him given by said Earle to dispose of Land on



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