L. E. (Lucius Eugene) Chittenden.

Recollections of President Lincoln and his administration online

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of the Smithsonian, 238 ; suggests
the Potomac Club, 239 ; his energy
and scientific work, 240 ; discusses
the octopus, 249.

Baker, L. C., made chief of the detec-
tive service, 345 ; his lawless pro-
ceedings, 346 ; one of his illustra-
tive methods, 347-349 ; his method
of dealing with " bounty- jumpers,"

Baltimore city: obstructs passage
of Northern forces ; public meet-
ings to prevent passage of troops,
120 ; authorities favor secession,
121; the " Plug-Uglies," 125-130.

Bates, Edward, nominated for attor-
ney-general, 104.

Baxter, General H. H., with ex-Gov.
Hiland Hall, Levi Underwood, B. D.
Harris, and the author, delegates
from Vermont to Peace Conference,

Bellows, Rev. Dr. H. W., principal or-
ganizer of the Sanitary Commission ;
tenders its services to the Surgeon-
General, who rejects them, 155; his
indignation ; fortunate results of his
appeal to the President, 156, 157.

Belgian muskets condemned, pur-
chased by War Department at a low
cost to arm the first volunteers, 150.

Benjamin, Judah P., a Secession leader,
meets other leaders at house of
Davis, Jan. 5, where final plans were
agreed upon, 29.

Bidwell, General D. D., charge of his
brigade at battle of Fort Stevens,



Black, Judge, transferred from at-
torney-general to State Department
on resignation of General Cass, 28 ;
his opinion that Congress had no
power to make war upon a state,

Blair, Montgomery, nominated post-
master-general, 104.

Blair, Colonel Frank, his services in
the Lincoln campaign of 1860,9;
prefers charges against General
Fremont, 174.

Blatchford, R. M., with General Dix
and George Opdyke, authorized to
expend $2,000,000 for public de-
fence in April, 1861, 177.

Bonds of the United States : how
$10,000,000 were issued, 194 ; ne-
cessity for their issue in seventy
hours, 195, 196 ; Mr. C. F. Adams's
agreement to deposit them as se-
curity for the noble act of an Eng-
lishman, 201 ; severe labor of their
issue within the time required, 204 ;
success of the undertaking, 208 ;
statistics of the magnitude of Treas-
ury issues, 209 ; more than half of
this issue returned to the Treasury
in original packages, 209.

Bradley, John, a Vermont contractor,
offers to remove the colored race
to Texas, 337 ; his opinion of the
President, 338.

Breckinridge, Vice - President, prom-
ises co-operation with General Scott
to secure count of electoral vote and
declaration of President Lincoln's
election, 38 ; his dignity and firm-
ness, 43 ; declares the election of
Lincoln and Hamlin, 44 ; his fidel-
ity until the end of his official term,
46 ; his division forms part of Gen-
eral Early's army, in the campaign
against Washington, in July, 1864,

Breech-loading guns: none in use at
commencement of the war, except
Colt's revolvers for the cavalry,

Bright, John, one of the few friends
of the United States in Great Brit-
ain, 134.

Buchanan, President: determination
of Secessionists to drive out loyal
men and control his Cabinet, 28;

receives the Peace Conference, 32;
his intense anxiety ; urges mem-
bers to make great concessions to
the South, 33 ; does not refer to in-
coming administration, 34 ; his re-
turn to private life, with less credit
than he deserved, 91.

Bushnell, Cornelius S., presses passage
of bill authorizing iron-clads, and
builds the Galena, 215 ; shows Cap-
tain Ericsson's plans to the Presi-
dent, 215; the President favors and
the Board of Construction consents
to their adoption, 216; secures the
contract for the Monitor, which is
built principally through his energy,
with Messrs. Winslow, Corning, and
Griswold his associates in the con-
tract, 216; energy of her construc-
tion, 217.

Butler, Benjamin F., Colonel of the
Eighth Massachusetts Regiment ;
on steam - ferry Maryland, from
Havre-de-Grace to Annapolis, 125;
saves the Constitution by towing
her out of Annapolis; awaits a
rebel attack at Annapolis Junction,

Cabinet officers : principle of their
selection by President Lincoln, 104.

Call for men: first call for 75,000,
April 15, 107.

Campbell, Hugh, appointed on com-
mission in Department of the West,

Cameron, Senator Simon, announced
as a prospective member of Mr.
Lincoln's Cabinet, 81 ; nominated
as Secretary of War, 104 ; applied
to for rifles for First Vermont, 151 ;
his resignation as Secretary of War,
168; success as a manager of cor-
porations, 169; reasons for his res-
ignation; retains the confidence of
the President, 176; House of Rep-
resentatives censure him by resolu-
tion ; his prompt vindication by the
President, 177.

Campaign, political, of 1860: aglimpse
of, 8 ; Vermont first pronounces for
Lincoln, in September, 8 ; speech-
making in Pennsylvania with Col-
onel Blair, 11 ; the "Wide-awakes,"
a meeting in Southeastern New Jer-



sey, 12; excitement over the election
returns from Pennsylvania, Ohio,
Indiana, and other states, 13 ; elec-
tion of Mr. Lincoln practically de-
cided in October, 14 ; Republican
gains; election of Judge Kelley;
counting in a candidate, 15, 16.

Cass, General, to be forced out of Bu-
chanan's Cabinet by Secessionists,

Chase, Salmon P., 6 ; selected by Mr.
Lincoln for Secretary of the Treas-
ury; approves the Republican cau-
cus of members of Peace Confer-
ence, 104; his opinion that civil
war was inevitable ; appoints a col-
lector of customs for Vermont; of-
fers the author a bureau in the
Treasury, 105; wishes to have loyal
men about him, 109 ; orders the
Treasury to be defended, 112; chair-
man of Republican caucus of mem-
bers of Conference, 35 ; announced
as a prospective member of Mr.
Lincoln's Cabinet, 81 ; directs issue
of $10,000,000 in coupon bonds to
comply with a pledge of Minister
Adams, 195; decides that the secret
of the English friend of the United
States must not be disclosed except
by his authority, 210; frauds under
his administration and their detec-
tion, 285 ; opposed to internal-rev-
enue system until compelled to
adopt it, 342 ; decides in favor of
employing detectives in the internal-
revenue and customs service, 344 ;
evil consequences of his decision,
346 ; his resignation as Secretary
of the Treasury ; its inadequate
causes; his nomination of M. B.
Field, 370 et seq.; Mr. Lincoln's just
estimate of him, 377 et seq. ; Mr.
Lincoln makes him chief justice,
383 ; his gratitude and subsequent
affection for President Lincoln, 384.

Cisco, John J., resigns as assistant
treasurer of New York, 370; his
fidelity and value, 372 ; withdraws
his resignation, 376.

Clarke, General D. W. C., Executive
Clerk of the Senate, captured, with
his family, and robbed by Harry
Gilmor, on the Baltimore and Ohio
Railroad, July 12, 1864, 409.

Clay, Cassius M., forms a company for
defence of the White House, 116.

Clay, James B., member of Conference
from Kentucky, 31 ; his cordial re-
ception by Mr. Lincoln, who ei-
pfesses his admiration for Henry
Clay, 72.

Cobb, Secretary Howell: premature
acts of, and those of Secretary
Floyd, postpone proposed seizure
of Washington, 28 ; assists in driv-
ing General Cass from the Cabinet,
and destroys the public credit, 179.

Colored race, the : their strong desire
to learn to read ; a colored preacher,
161 ; his discussion of the superior-
ity of the white race and confidence
in the President, 162-165; four
gray-haired colored scholars taught
by a boy, 166 ; sources of early
news of the colored people, 167;
procession of their children from
Sunday - school reviewed by the
President, 331 ; enthusiasm of the
colored children for him, 332.

Congress: extra session called for
July 4, 1861, 107; passes the act
for Board of Construction, and au
thorizes armored vessels, 214.

dimming, Alexander, with Governor
Morgan, authorized to transport
troops and provide for public de-
fence, in April, 1861 ; defended by
the President, 177.

Curtin, Andrew G., Republican candi-
date for Governor of Pennsylvania
in 1861 ; his canvass and election,

Darwin, Professor Charles, born on
the same day with Mr. Lincoln;
their advantages and personal in-
fluence compared, 431 et seq.

Davis, Captain,with Admiral Smith and
Commodore Paulding, formed the
Board of Construction, and approved
armored vessels for the navy, 216.

Davis, captain of Tenth Vermont,
holds the skirmish line at Monoc-
acy all day with seventy-five men,
394 et seq. ; defeats attempt of
Confederates to cross the railroad
bridge and break Wallace's line,
398 et seq. ; narrow escape and cour-
age of his men, 399.



Davis, David: his appointment on
commission in the Department of
the West, 173.

Davis, Jefferson, to be president of
Confederacy to seize the gdvern-
ment, Feb. 13th, 28 ; head of new
plot to seize Washington, March
4th ; meeting at his house, Jan. 6th,
29 ; his long enmity to General
Scott, 94-96; opposes conferring
upon General Scott the rank and
pay of lieutenant-general, 96 ; opin-
ion of General Taylor, his father-in-
law, of Mr. Davis, 95 ; commissions
officers of armored vessels to be
built in England, 199.

"Demand notes," their redemption
and destruction, 289 ; their origin
and issue, 297 ; extraction of writ-
ten signatures upon, 298.

Department of the West: excessive
claims upon the Treasury in ; their
disposition, 175; Secretary Stanton
refuses to approve them, 187; ef-
forts to influence him to allow
them, 188 ; how they were paid,
189; claimants accept payment of
allowance by commission, and then
bring suit, 189 ; they fail to recover,

Detectives, professional : arguments
for and against their use in the
Treasury, 342-344 ; Secretary Chase
decides to employ them, 344 ; evil
consequences of their employment,
346 ; necessity of continuing their
use, 347-351.

Dix, General John A., brought into
the Cabinet by misdeeds of Secre-
tary Cobb, 28 ; his despatch to
Hemphill Jones, 34 ; his influence
in the Cabinet, 79, 80 ; on the quiet
of the inauguration, 91 ; with George
Opdyke and R. M. Blatchford author-
ized to expend $2,000,000 for arms
and supplies, in April, 1861, 177.

Dodge, William E., member of the
Conference from New York, presses
Mr. Lincoln to yield to the demands
of the South, and not go to war on
account of slavery, and so prevent
the grass from growing in the
streets of Northern cities, 74 ; Mr.
Lincoln's expressive reply, 76 ; its
influence upon the audience, 76.

Douglas Democrats praise the inaugu-
ral, 103.

Douglas, Stephen A., moves omission
of formal parts of certificates dur-
ing count of electoral vote, 44 ; his
debate with Mr. Lincoln hi 1858,
437 et seq.

Early, General Jubal A., denies his in-
tention to attack Washington in
1864, 385; his supposed force and
intentions, 387 et seq. ; his denial
that he intended to attack Wash-
ington, and his report of July 14th,
1864, 388 et seq.; declines to give
his numerical force, 390 et seq. ;
presses for Washington after the
battle of Monocacy, 401 et seq. ; is
before Washington with his army
on the morning of July llth, 405
etseq.; his retreat, 408 etseq.; leaves
four hundred of his wounded at
Frederick, 400 et seq. ; confesses a
loss of three thousand at the Monoc-
acy, 401 ; before Washington, 403 ;
he does not give the strength of his
force, 421 ; denies that he expected
to capture Washington; his state-
ments about the battle in front of
Fort Stevens, 424 ; the statements
of himself and his men, 426 ; his
statements that " dismay and con-
sternation prevailed in Washing-
ton," 426 et seq.

English citizen, an : his great service
to our government; offers to pro-
vide 1,000,000 sterling as security
for an order to arrest Confederate
iron-clads; his secret; obligation to
keep it, 194-210.

Ericsson, Captain John, approves plans
of the Galena, and furnishes C. S.
Bushnell with plans for an invulner-
able armored vessel, 215 ; his plans
rejected by Board of Construction ;
visits Washington ; the President
favors his floating-battery, and the
board reverses its decision, 216;
Monitor built on his plans, and her
draught less than lie calculated,
217 ; Captain Fox calls him the in-
ventor of the Monitor, 234.

Fairbanks, Governor Erastus, appoints
delegates to Peace Conference, 19 ;



offers First Vermont Regiment,
April 15tb, 107; applies for Enfield
rifles for First Vermont Regiment,
and offers to purchase their guns
in preference to arming them with
Belgian muskets, 151.

Fessenden, Senator, is appointed Sec-
retary of the Treasury, 381 ; de-
clines the appointment, but yields
to the influence of President Lin-
coln, 382 et seq.

Field, David Dudley, member of Con-
ference from New York ; final vote
of New York on resolutions of the
Conference by unfair advantage
taken of his absence, 82.

Field, Maunsel B. : his relations to
Secretary Chase ; is made Assistant
Secretary of the Treasury, 371 ; is
named to President Lincoln by Sec-
retary Chase for assistant treasurer
of New York ; opposition to his
nomination, 373 et seq.

Floyd, Secretary J. B. : his disloyalty
in President Buchanan's Cabinet;
leaves the Cabinet charged with
crime, 180.

Foot, Senator, of Vermont : esteem of
Vermonters for him ; he regards
the Conference as a trick ; his bold
denunciations of Secessionists, 20 ;
suggests to delegates to arm and
defend themselves, 21.

Fox, Gustavus V., a favorite of Pres-
ident Lincoln ; Assistant Secretary
of the Navy ; his impressions about
armored vessels, 213 ; favors build-
ing the Galena, 215, and the Mon-
itor, 216; watches progress of the
Merrimac and predicts her success,
217; warns the President that she
may prove effective, 218; despatch
from, after first battle with the Mer-
rimac, 223 ; his praise of Captain
Worden for his handling of the
Monitor ; attributes the Monitor to
President Lincoln, 234.

Fractional currency : its origin and
utility, 303 ; large amounts issued
and redeemed ; profit of the United
States upon, 304 ; wholly made in
one Treasury bureau, 305.

Franklin, Captain W. B., appointed to
organize and drill the Treasury reg-
iment, 113; captured by Gilmor's

cavalry, July 12th, 1864; his escape
on the day of bis capture, 409.

Frederick, city of, compelled by Gen-
eral Early to pay $200,000 in Fed-
eral money, 401.

Fremont, General, appointed to com-
mand the Department of the West ;
his extraordinary powers, 171 ; his
want of business ability, 172 ; he
manumits slaves of rebel owners,
and the President reverses his order,
173; his susceptibility to praise;
gives contracts to all; General
Blair's charges against him, 174;
his removal by the President, and
his loyal action thereupon, 174.

Galena, the, first armored vessel, built
at Mystic, Conn. ; doubts of her suc-
cess; her plans approved by Cap-
tain Ericsson; public outcry against
her; the President and Captain
Fox her friends, 215.

Gault, J., invents encased postage
stamp ; extent of its use as curren-
cy, 301-303.

Gooch, Hon. D. W., of Massachusetts :
his report to 38th Congress on con-
dition of exchanged Union prison-
ers at Annapolis, 325 ; says the
prisoners were intentionally starved
by the rebel authorities, 325.

Grant, General U. S. : simplicity of his
first visit to Washington, 317; his
call on the President before ad-
vance of the Army of the Potomac,
819; his views of the Union and
Confederate armies, 321 ; his cele-
brated telegram of May llth, 1864,
322; decides to remove General
Thomas from command of the army
operating against Hood, 363 ; waits,
and Thomas defeats Hood, 864;
finally does Thomas justice in his
" Personal Memoirs," 365 ; his esti-
mate of the battle on the Monoc-
acy, 390; sends part of Sixth Corps
to Wallace in Baltimore, 392; in-
tended to reinforce Washington if
attacked, 407.

Great Britain favorable to the North
at beginning of the war, 132; be-
comes hostile reasons therefor,
1 83 ; contemptuous treatment of
the American minister, 134; de-



mands surrender of Mason and Sli-
dell, and prepares for war, 137 ; re-
pudiates her former claims, 139 ;
attributes the surrender to coward-
ice, 146; unfriendliness of crown
officers to the United States, 198;
demands security in 1,000,000 for
preventing departure of iron-clads,
199; waives the demand on notice
that Mr. Adams would give the se-
curity, 208.

" Greenback :" army name for legal-
tender notes; its origin, 311. See

Greene, Lieutenant, fired the guns dur-
ing first part of the battle with the
Merrimac, 231 ; his youth and mod-
esty ; takes command of the Mon-
itor when Captain Worden was
disabled, 226 ; his modest account
of the last part of the fight, 232.

Gregory, C., describes encased postage-
stamp in Philatelic Journal, 301.

Griswold, John A., Corning, & Wins-
low, co-contractors with C. S. Bush-
nell to build the Monitor, 216.

Gurowski, Adam : his sources of in-
formation of events ; his origin un-
known, 26 ; his address to Northern
members ; details alleged conspiracy
to seize the government, 26-30;
urges members to go home and or-
ganize regiments, 27 ; declares that
Lincoln's election determined the
South on war, 29 ; seizure of Wash-
ington on February 13th prevented
by indiscretions of Cobb and Floyd,
28 ; postponement of seizure to
March 4th ; new conspiracy confined
to leaders ; to be managed by Jef-
ferson Davis, 30 ; Peace Conference
a part of the plot, 30 ; declares his
personal knowledge of the plot to
assassinate Mr. Lincoln, 58.

Hall, Hiland, ex-Governor of Vermont,
delegate to Peace Conference, 19;
surprised by conversation with Sen-
ator Foot, 20; shocked at sugges-
tion of carrying arms, 22 ; his reply
to a Kentuckian on the subject of
the courage of New England men,

Hamilton, Alexander : his creation of
the Treasury system of the United

States, 4 ; no account of the Treas-
ury to be found in his writings or
elsewhere in print, 4, 5 ; his checks
against frauds, 285.

Harrington, George, First Assistant
Secretary of the Treasury, 109 ; in-
vites heads of bureaus to meeting
for defence of the Treasury, 112;
announces that Captains Shiras and
Franklin will drill the Treasury reg-
iment, 113.

Henry, Colonel William W., commands
Tenth Vermont, which is sent, under
General Ricketts, to reinforce Gen-
eral Wallace at Baltimore, 392 et
seq. ; gets fastest steamboat, reaches
Baltimore, hurries to the front, where
he arrives on July 8th, 392 ; deceives
the Confederates, and reaches the
Monocacy on morning of July 9th,
393; receives General Wallace's
order to retreat, 397 ; brings off his
regiment, 397; General Wallace's
opinion of him, 400 ; his regiment
at the Relay House, 409.

Henry, Dr. Joseph, secretary of the
Smithsonian Institution ; his char-
acter ; his esteem for President Lin-
coln, 285 ; his conversation with the
President, 237.

Herald, New York, compelled by the
people to display the "Stars and
Stripes," 107.

Hicks, Governor of Maryland, elected
as a Union candidate ; opposes pas-
sage of regiments through Balti-
more, 121 ; his interview with the
President, April 20th, 1861, 122;
the President's answer to him, 123.

Histories of the war, their inaccuracies,

Holt, Judge, of Kentucky, a loyal mem-
ber of Mr. Buchanan's Cabinet; his
influence, 79, 80 ; assists in the or-
der of Mr. Lincoln's inauguration,
91 ; appointed on commission in
Department of the West; his jus-
tice and equity, 173 ; his fidelity
and loyalty in President Buchanan's
Cabinet, 181.

Hospital notes: the wounded from
the Wilderness; their sufferings
and exposure, 251 ; charities of the
colored people ; " mammy " and her
pickles, 255; the Catholic sisters.



258; anaesthetics and their merci-
ful effects, 261 ; the wounded Dane,

Inauguration of President Lincoln,
March 4th ; a bright day, the city
orderly, soldiers not visible, 84 ; pro-
cession starts from Executive Man-
sion, with President Buchanan in
an open carriage; takes up Mr.
Lincoln at Willard's, and moves
through a great multitude of spec-
tators to the Capitol, 85, 86 ; strong
contrast of the two presidents, 86 ;
Senator Baker introduces Mr. Lin-
coln, 87 ; his voice distinctly heard ;
its opening received in silence ; his
declaration that the laws should be
executed in all the states excites
great applause, 89; beauty of his
peroration ; impressive dignity of
his oath to defend the Constitution,
90, 9 1 ; return to the Executive Man-
sion without disorder or disturb-
ance ; departure of ex - President
Buchanan to private life; the un-
disturbed dignity of the impressive
ceremony due to the influence of
Mr. Buchanan, Secretaries Dix, Holt,
and Stanton, and General Scott, 91,

Johnson, Colonel Bradley T., selected
by General Lee to command expe-
dition to release Confederate pris-
oners at Point Lookout, 386 ; com-
mands division of cavalry in Early's
campaign in July, 1864, 387; moves
against railroads and for Point
Lookout, 389; is recalled by Gen-
eral Early, 390.

Johnson, Waldo P., member of the
Conference, afterwards a Confed-
erate brigadier, wants to know how
Mr. Lincoln got through Baltimore ;
Mr. Seddon's reply, 66.

Kelley, William D. : first meeting with
him at the Astor House, in Septem-
ber, 1861, 8 ; his first canvass and
election to Congress, 8-15, 16.

Laird, Messrs., ship-builders, contract
with Confederates to build two iron-
clad vessels at Birkenhead, 197;

how their departure was prevented
by Minister Adams, 198-203.

Laraon, Ward H., Mr. Lincoln's friend
and prospective Marshal of the Dis-
trict, not present when he received
the Conference ; a member supplies
his place, 71.

Lane, Colonel, of Kansas, forms a com-
pany to defend the White House, in
April, 1861, 115.

Lee, General Robert E., a colonel in
1861 ; arrived in Washington from
Texas about March 1st; General
Scott's high estimate of, 97 ; con*
drums secession in a letter to his
son, January 23d, 1861, in very
strong terms, 98 ; rumor early in
April that General Scott would re-
sign and Colonel Lee be appointed
to command, 99 ; resignation of
members of his family ; resigns his
own commission, April 20th, 99 ;
his only reason that he did not de-
sire to draw his sword against Vir-
ginia; was this reason adequate?
100; influence of his family; its
probable effect if exerted in behalf
of the Union, 101 ; his splendid
genius, military abilities, high char-
acter, and otherwise stainless life
admitted, but his claimed justifica-
tion for taking up arms against his
country and his flag denied, 99-102;
he is informed of all events in Wash-
ington, 386 ; plans the movement
against Washington in 1864, 387;
statements of Colonel Long, his
biographer, 888.

Lefferts, Marshal, colonel of the Sev-
enth New York Regiment, 125, 128,

Legal -tender notes: their origin a
necessity, 306 ; President Lincoln's
opinions of their legality, 807 ; de-
scription of, 310; amounts issued
and outstanding, 311; amount re-
duced by Secretary McCulloch, 318 ;
Congress prohibits further reduc-
tion, 814 ; opinion of Secretary
Chase on their constitutionality,
315 ; portraits of living men upon,
prohibited, 306.

Lewis, Walker, a colored man ; his
experiences as a slave ; his appoint-
ment as a messenger; his fidelity,



159; rules for his own observation,
161 ; bis industry and success, 160.
Lincoln, Abraham : decease of his
financial officers, 2 ; his charity, 7 ;
the campaign of 1 860, 8 ; his elec-
tion assured in October, 14 ; elec-
toral vote counted, and declared
elected, 40 ; his peaceable election,
and its announcement secured by
General Scott and Vice-President
Breckinridge, 46 ; threats against
his life by Southern newspapers,
48 ; conspiracy for his assassina-
tion in Baltimore in February, 58 ;
consents to follow advice of his
friends on his journey through Bal-
timore, 64 ; arrival in Washington,
and his alleged disguise, 65 ; disap-
pointment caused by his arrival to
Southerners, 66 ; contempt of Seces-
sionists for his supposed coarseness
and vulgarity, 67 ; receives mem-
bers of Peace Conference on the
evening of his arrival, 68; desires
acquaintance with Southern mem-
bers, 69 ; his frankness with them,
71 ; his reception of Mr. Rives,
James B. Clay, George W. Sum-
mers, and others, 72 ; his answers
to Mr. Seddon, 74 ; to William E.
Dodge, 75 ; his determination to
enforce the provisions of the Con-
stitution, 73 ; declines to discuss
the slavery question, 76; opinions

Online LibraryL. E. (Lucius Eugene) ChittendenRecollections of President Lincoln and his administration → online text (page 33 of 35)