L. E. (Lucius Eugene) Chittenden.

Recollections of President Lincoln and his administration online

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of Mr. Rives, Judge Ruffin, and oth-
er Southerners of Mr. Lincoln, 77 ;
influence of his arrival in Washing-
ton in checking growth of secession,
80; his procession to the Capitol
on March 4th ; his introduction to
the audience by Senator Baker, of
Oregon, 87; his opening address
received in silence, 88 ; effect of his
announcement that he would use
the National powers to recover the
forts and property of the nation,
89 ; subsequent enthusiasm of the
audience; his oath to support the
Constitution, 90 ; his return to the
Executive Mansion, 91 ; hated by
the Secessionists, 93 ; his novel se-
lection of his Cabinet officers, 104 ;
his first call for seventy-five thou-
sand men on the fall of Fort Sum-
ter, 106 ; popular enthusiasm for

him, 107; his interview with Dr.
Wynne, 118; the governor of Mary-
laud and mayor of Baltimore solicit
an order that no more Northern
regiments be permitted to pass
through Maryland, 122 ; his answer
to them, 123; his reception of the
New York Seventh and Eighth
Massachusetts regiments, 129; his
prompt decision that Mason and
Slidell, captured on the British
steamer Trent, must, be surren-
dered ; his reasons therefor, 147 ;
his influence in overcoming preju-
dices of the War and Navy depart-
ments against the volunteer service,
149 et seq. ; orders the surgeon-
general to co-operate with the San-
itary Commission, 155 ; confidence
of the colored people in him as
their chosen emancipator, 163 ; ap-
points Davis Commission on claims
in the Department of the West, and
removes General Fremont, 173 ; his
confidence in Secretary Cameron,
176; overlooks Mr. Stanton's dis-
courtesy and appoints him Secre-
tary of War, 185 ; his attachment
to Secretary Stanton, 186 ; his reply
to resolution censuring Mr. Came-
ron, 177 ; his trust in Secretary
Stanton, 192; consultation with him
about issuing bonds on pledge of
Minister Adams, 195; early opin-
ions in favor of armored vessels,
213; favors construction of the
Galena, 215 ; approves Captain
Ericsson's plans for the Monitor,
216; his confidence that the Mer-
rimac would not prove irresistible,
and his faith in the favor of the
Almighty, 219 ; his confidence in
Captain Worden and the Monitor,
220 ; his cheerfulness over news of
the Merrimac's first victories, 222;
receives news of the battle between
the Monitor and the Merrimac, 224 ;
not elated by the Monitor's victory,
225; hears Captain Worden de-
scribe the fight on the deck of the
Monitor, 227; Captain Fox attrib-
utes the adoption of armored ves-
sels to President Lincoln, 234 ; his
interviews with, and high opinion
of, Professor Henry, 236 ; the par-



don of the sleeping sentinel, 265 ;
Scott's death at Lee's Mills ; his
message to the President, 280 ; his
opinions of the constitutionality of
legal -tender notes, 307, 310; his
love for ballad poetry, 309 ; his in-
terest in returned prisoners at An-
napolis, 323; 'his sympathy for them,
327 ; unwilling to believe they were
intentionally starved by the rebels,
328 ; his review of the colored chil-
dren, 332 ; his story of Daniel Web-
ster and the school -master, 333;
favors paying for slaves, 335; his
interview with a Vermont contrac-
tor, who would remove the slaves
to Texas, 337; advises General
Grant not to relieve General Thomas
and give his command to General
Logan before the battle of Nash-
ville, 364 ; his faith, 368 ; he accepts
Mr. Chase's resignation ; his just
estimate of Secretary Chase ; he ap-
points him chief justice, 371 et seq. ;
his opinion that the republic did
not depend on the life of any one
man, 377; nominates Mr. Fessenden
as Secretary of the Treasury, who
declines and finally accepts the ap-
pointment, 381 ; his influence upon
Mr. Fessenden, 382 ; witnesses bat-
tle at Fort Stevens, 416 ; his calm-
ness in times of excitement, and
confidence that Washington would
not be captured, 428 ; letters of, to
Governor Swann and General Grant
now first published,429,430; sketch
of some events in his life, 436 et
seq. ; writes his own biography, 432 ;
his power of thought, 434; origin
and powerful influence of his "di-
vided-house" speech, 435 etseq.;
his debate with Senator Douglas
and Chicago speech of July 10th,
1858, 436 ; his nomination and elec-
tion, 440 et seq.; his faith in the
Bible, 447 et seq.; the best histories
of his life, 453.

Logan, General John A., ordered by
General Grant to supersede Thomas
in command of the army against
Hood ; waits at Cincinnati until
Thomas defeats Hood, when the
order is rescinded, 863 et seq.

Logan, Stephen T., member from Illi-

nois, moves that the members of
the Conference call in a body on
the President-elect ; motion carried
by the influence of President Tyler,

London Times, the, opposes secession
before the commencement of the
war, 132 ; favors secession and dis-
union, 1 33 ; statement of practice
of Great Britain in cases like that
of the Trent, 138 ; attributes sur-
render of Mason and Slidell to
American cowardice, 146.

Long, General : his account of Early's
campaign against Washington, 388.

Lowndes, Francis, a clerk in the Reg-
ister's office, seventy-five years old,
the first to sign a pledge to defend
the Treasury, 1 14.

Lyons, Lord, British minister, friendly
to the North ; his person and char-
acter, 140 ; his interview with Sec-
retary Seward, 141 ; indifferent when
Mason and Slidell are surrendered,
141 ; sends a steamer to Province-
town, 146.

Maryland : Governor Hicks and au-
thorities oppose passage of troops ;
public meetings in, 120, 121.

Mason and Slidell, captured on British
steamer Trent by Captain Wilkes,
of the San Jacinto, 134 ; their de-
livery demanded by Great Britain,
137 ; Mr. Seward agrees to surren-
der them, 140; they are sent from
Fort Warren to Proviucetown, Cape
Cod, and delivered to a British
steamer, 146 ; their mission a fail-
ure, 147; their complaints of accom-
modations, 147.

Mason, J. M., and John Slidell, Seces-
sion leaders, present at meeting at
Davis's house, January 5th, 29 ;
Mason to arrange for Peace Con-
ference ; Slidell and Mallory to call
convention at Montgomery, 29.

Massachusetts Sixth Regiment fights
its way through Baltimore ; its dead
and wounded, 116; its gallantry,

McClellan, General George B. : bag-
gage train for his headquarters de-
scribed, 317.

McClure, Colonel Alexander, conducts



the Republican campaign in Penn-
sylvania in 1860, 9; his efficiency,

Merrimac, the : Confederate Congress
plans her conversion into an ar-
mored vessel in May, 213; Captain
Fox reports her completion and pre-
dicts her success, 217; sinks the
Congress and the Cumberland, 222 ;
her fight with the Monitor reported,
224 ; described by Captain Worden,

Jffrmesota,i\ie, runs aground in Hamp-
ton Roads when the Merrimac first
came out of Norfolk, 222 ; it is de-
cided to burn her, and she is stripped
for that purpose ; timely arrival of
Captain Fox saves her, 223 ; the
Monitor arrives and is laid along-
side, 224.

Monitor , the: Captain Ericsson's plans
for, favored by the President, 216 ;
contract for, awarded; energy of
her contractors, 216; sent to sea
before she was completed, 217 ; the
President's confidence in her before
the battle, 220 ; Captain Fox tele-
graphs her arrival at Newport News,
223; his account of the battle on
his return to Washington, 225 ; she
comes to Washington, 225 ; Captain
Worden describes her fight with the
Merrimac, standing on her deck,
227 ; her success, 234.

Monocaey, the battle of: its impor-
tance underrated by Union author-
ities and by General Early, 385 ; bat-
tle of, described, 391 et seq.; its
incidents, importance, and results,
891 et seq. ; General Grant's opin-
ion of its importance, 390 ; General
Gordon's opinion of its sanguinary
character, 401; Tenth Vermont Reg-
iment, its account of, 409 ; its place
in history; it saved Washington
from capture, 424.

Morning Chronicle, the, declares that
Congress must " eat the leek bran-
dished in British faces," 137.

Mori-ill, Lot M. : his altercation with
Commodore Stockton in the Con-
ference; his character; his coolness
under excitement, 52-55 ; impresses
Southern members with a better
opinion of Northern courage, 56.

New York city: excitement in, over
the fall of Fort Sumter, 106.

New York Seventh Regiment reported
cut to pieces in Baltimore, 116.

Nixon, John T., appointed judge of
the Federal Circuit Court in New
Jersey, 8; his election to Congress
in October, 1861 ; his canvass, 12,

Noyes, William Curtis, states deter-
mination to protect rights of mem-
bers of Conference, 25.

Office-seeking, its discouragements, 18;
it has no possible profits ; its evils
and dangers, 353 et seq.; its influ-
ence upon men of ability, 359.

O'Neill, Charles, his report on a monu-
ment to Secretary Stanton, 191.

Opdyke, George, with General Dix
and R. M. Blatchford, authorized to
expend $2,000,000 for public de-
fence in April, 1861 ; accounts for
whole amount, 177.

Paulding, Commodore, reports govern-
ment property at Norfolk safely
protected on the 18th of April, 114;
chairman of Board of Construction,
favors construction of iron -clad
vessels, 215.

Peace Conference, the : delegates from
Vermont, appointed to, 19 ; meets
at Willard's Hall, 23 ; a device to
keep the North quiet, 29 ; members
witness count of electoral vote, 41 ;
altercation between Senator Morrill
and Commodore Stockton ; its sup-
pression by President Tyler, 52-56;
Mr. Seddon's opening speech, 51 ;
change of Southern opinions of
courage of Northern men, 56 ; re-
port of Committee on Resolutions a
complete surrender by the North to
slavery, 50-56 ; influence on mem-
bers of Mr. Lincoln's arrival in
Washington, 66; motion that the
Conference call on Mr. Lincoln op-
posed by the Secessionists; Pres-
ident Tyler declares it eminently
proper; it passes, and the president
is to ascertain when Mr. Lincoln
will receive the Conference, 67;
adjourns February 27th ; its res-
olutions adopted by a majority of


one state, secured by refusing to
accept the vote of New York, as
agreed by a majority of its dele-
gates, by the unfair ruling of Pres-
ident Tyler, 81 ; its resolutions not
considered in Congress, except by
way of amendment to those of Mr.
Crittenden ; its results, except to
unite the Republicans and loyal
Democrats, nil, 82.

Pennsylvania : six hundred men, the
first troops under the call, arrive in
Washington, April 18th, 114.

Phelps, J. W., colonel First Vermont,
declines discarded Belgian muskets
and wants Enfield rifles for his reg-
iment, 161 ; his recognition by Gen-
eral Scott, who sends his regiment
where active service was expected,

Pitkin, Parley P., Grant's quarter-
master on the James, favors Col-
onel Henry with fastest steamer for
Baltimore, 392.

"Plug-Uglies," the, of Baltimore:
their character ; their connection
with the plot to assassinate Presi-
dent Lincoln, 63 ; attack on the
Sixth Massachusetts in Baltimore,
125; burn the bridges and destroy
the railroads, 127 ; prepare to at-
tack the Northern forces at Annap-
olis Junction, 128; their final de-
parture from Washington, 129.

Postage-stamps : first used as currency
by General Spinner, treasurer, 300;
are encased in copper and used as
coins, 301 ; extent of their use,

Potomac Naturalists' Club, the: its
origin, meetings, and membership,
239, 246 ; Robert Kennicott, Will-
iam Simpson.CountPourtalis, Baron
Osten - Sacken, Theodore Gill, Dr.
Newberry, Agassiz, and other mem-
bers and guests, 240-245; discus-
sion of the giant octopus, 246-250.

Prisoners, Confederate: General Lee
proposes to President Davis to send
Colonel Bradley T. Johnson to re-
lease twenty thousand at Point
Lookout, 386; General Early's re-
port concerning, 389.

Prisoners, Union: exchanged at An-
napolis, 323; their horrible treat-

ment and desperate condition, 326 ;
its effect upon their minds, 327;
sympathy of the President and a
lady of Boston for them, 324, 328.
Public men, to be estimated by final
results, and not by single errors, 5.

Register's office : cringing address of
employes corrected, 110; in excel-
lent working order in April, 1861,
111 ; issues $10,000,000 in coupon
bonds between Friday and Monday,
195; necessity for it and how it
was done, 203-211; severe conse-
quences to the register, 205, 210 ;
process of signing and issuing bonds,
205 ; entries of the $10,000,000 on
the register's books, 211.

Register of the Treasury : proposes to
pay balances to resigning army offi-
cers by checks on Richmond, 98 ;
excitement resulting therefrom, 99 ;
takes the oath of office, 109; de-
clines to pay deserters from the
Treasury for fractions of the month,
111; invites his clerks to promise
to defend the Treasury; their ex-
cuses, 113.

Regular service, war and naval : an-
tipathy of, to volunteers ; heads of
bureaus old men, 149 ; Chief of
Bureau of Ordnance, his anger at
a proposal to change his order, 162;
declares the old Springfield musket
best for volunteers, 163; his rea-
sons, 154; regular officers oppose
the Sanitary Commission, 155 ; re-
quired by the President to give rea-
sons, 156; overruled by the Presi-
dent, 157.

Republican members of Peace Con-
ference : decide to take action, 24 ;
alarmed and united by call on Pres-
ident Buchanan, 34 ; resolve to invite
loyal Democrats to a caucus, then
subsequently form union, 35.

Ricketts, General, sent by General
Grant with Third Division of Sixth
Corps to defence of Baltimore in
July, 1864, 392 ; his defence of the
left at the battle of Monocacy, 394.

Rives, William C. : Mr. Lincoln desires
to meet him, 69 ; his high character
and courtly bearing ; Mr. Lincoln's
cordial reception, 72 ; the cou versa-



tion between them, 73 ; Mr. Rives
a close observer of the conduct and
conversation of Mr. Lincoln, 75; his
declaration that Mr. Lincoln had
been misjudged by the South, that
he would be the head of his admin-
istration, and that much fault could
not be found with the opinions he
had expressed, 77.

Ratlin, Judge Thomas, of North Caro-
lina, a member of the Conference
whom Mr. Lincoln wished to meet,
69; his conversation with Mr. Lin-
coln, 76 ; regrets Mr. Lincoln's pro-
nounced opinions against slavery,
but otherwise could not find much
fault with his views, 76, 77.

Sanitary Commission tendered to Sur-
geon-General, and rejected, 155;
just indignation of its officers, who
appeal to the President, 156; Sur-
geon-General called to account, and
ordered to accept and co-operate
with Commission, 156; inestimable
value of the Sanitary Commission
to the soldiers, 157.

Saturday Review, the : opposes seces-
sion before the war ; declares con-
quest of the South a hopeless task,
133 ; charges the North with cow-
ardice, 146.

Scott, Colonel Thomas A., Assistant
Secretary of War, requires applica-
tion for rifles of First Vermont to
be made to Bureau of Ordnance,
151 ; but on refusal of that bureau
overrules it, 154 ; reasons for his
selection as Assistant Secretary,169 ;
his efforts to reform the manage-
ment of the War Office, 170 ; his ill
success ; reasons for his return to
private life, 171.

Scott, General Winfield : opposes and
breaks up first conspiracy to seize
Washington ; collects regulars there
in January, 28 ; facility of access
to him in February; his opinion
of Vermonters, 37 ; his declaration
that the electoral vote should be
counted, and that there should be
no revolution in Washington, 38 ;
Vice-President Breckinridge prom-
ises to co-operate with him, 39; his
numerous visitors, 39 ; his precau-

tions on February 13th, 41 ; excited
anger of Secessionists, 43 ; peace-
able declaration of Mr. Lincoln's
election due to him and to Mr.
Breckinridge, 46 ; his reply to Wig-
fall, 46 ; refuses to temporize with
secession, 79; secures a dignified
and orderly inauguration, 92 ; hated
by Secessionists; urges President
Buchanan to reinforce Southern
forts in December ; proposes to
send two hundred and fifty men,
with supplies, to Fort Sumter with-
out informing Secretary Floyd, 93 ;
his stern reply to a senator who
urged his desertion ; enmity of Jef-
ferson Davis, 94 ; its origin ; his
severe expressions against Davis,
95 ; declares that no cause can
prosper of which Davis is a leader,
95; opposed to the Abolitionists;
hopes of a great Union party on the
basis of the Crittenden Resolutions ;
declares that the North was the
stronger in resources, the equal of
the South in courage, but could not
subjugate the South with less than
three hundred thousand men, 96 ;
declared in favor of young generals
that he was too old and worn-out
for the command ; his high estimate
of Colonel Robert E. Lee that be
was, and would remain, loyal to the
Union that he was equal to the
command of the army, 97 ; grounds
of his faith in Colonel Lee, 98 ; di-
rects that Northern regiments must
pass through Baltimore, 119-121,
122; orders First Vermont Regi-
ment to Fortress Monroe, 151.

Scott, William, a private of Company
K, Third Vermont, condemned to be
shot for sleeping on his post, 271 ;
interest of his comrades, 272 ; par-
doned by the President, 276 ; his
death at Lee's Mills and message
to the President, 280, 282.

Secession : blindness of the North to
its progress ; transfer of money and
supplies to the South ; South Caro-
lina first secedes, 18; leaders as-
sume control of Peace Conference,
appoint its officers, and exclude the
press, 23, 24 ; refuse to have a re-
cording secretary, 25 ; oppose any



record of proceedings, 25 ; conven-
tion to form confederacy to be held
at Montgomery, Ala., by February
14th, 29 ; rumors of revolution be-
fore counting of electoral vote, 36 ;
Washington crowded with disorder-
ly Secessionists, 36 ; leaders hope
for a disturbance during count of
electoral vote, 42 ; their angry de-
nunciations of General Scott for his
preventive measures, 43 - 46 ; de-
pressing influence upon Southern
members of Peace Conference of Mr.
Lincoln's opinions at his reception,
77 ; ripens during the last week but
one of the old administration ; six
states secede, 79 ; growth of, in the
Border states, 80 ; suddenly checked
by Mr. Lincoln's arrival, 80; effect
of influx of young Republicans to
see their President inaugurated, 81 ;
they fill Washington and overflow
to neighboring cities; a paralysis
for the time falls upon secession,
82 ; it condemns inaugural address
as fatal to the Union, 103 ; opens fire
upon Fort Sumter, April 14th, 106 ;
an angry Washington judge, 109 ;
he leaves for the South, 109 ; clerks
in register's office infected with,
111; Secessionists threaten Har-
per's Ferry in April, 116; prema-
ture rejoicings over destruction of
New York Seventh and Eighth Mas-
sachusetts regiments, 128.

Seddon, James A., Southern manager
of Peace Conference, 24; opposes
making proceedings public, 26 ;
leader of Southern members ; his
opinions, ability, and resemblance
to John Randolph, 51, 52; his ser-
vant gives him a note of Mr. Lin-
coln's arrival, which he hands to
Johnson, of Missouri ; his contempt
for the unguarded inquiry of that
gentleman, 66 ; his charges against
the North, and Mr. Lincoln's digni-
fied answers at the reception of the
Conference, 73.

" Seven - thirty " notes: their issue;
they did not circulate as currency,

Seward, William H., with Mr. Wash-
burn, takes charge of Mr. Lincoln's
journey through Baltimore, and es-

corts him safely to his hotel, 65 ;
announced as a prospective member
of Mr. Lincoln's Cabinet, 81 ; his
speech to a body of his constituents
which disclosed noneof Mr. Lincoln's
purposes, 83 ; selected by President
Lincoln for State Department, 104 ;
his negotiations with Lord Lyons
for surrender of Mason and Slidell,
140; his masterly reply -to Lord
Russell, 142 ; approved by the Amer-
ican people, 145 ; consultationjpith
the President and Secretary Cnase
on the necessity of keeping the faith
of Minister Adams to a noble Eng-
lishman, 195.

Shiras, Captain, appointed to organize
and drill the Treasury regiment,

Sigel, General F., informs General Wal-
lace of General Early's advance, with
thirty thousand men, past Maryland
Heights, 391.

Silver coins, fractional : their sudden
disappearance from circulation, 299 ;
necessity of a substitute for them,

Sixth Corps : Third Division, under
General Ricketts, sent to reinforce
General Wallace at Baltimore, 392 ;
its position on the Monocacy, 394 ;
its bravery and desperate fighting
there, 396 ; its heavy losses there,
400 ; the remaining divisions reach
Washington, July llth and 12th,
410; its part in the battle of Fort
Stevens, 416; Early's sudden re-
treat upon its arrival, 427.

Smalley, Judge D. A., of Vermont, de-
fines the crime of treason in his
charge to a grand jury in New York,
47 ; declines to interfere with seiz-
ure of arms about to be shipped to
Charleston, 49.

Smith, Admiral, member of Board of
Construction with Commodore Pauld-
ing and Captain Davis,215; approves
construction of the Monitor, 216.

Smith, Caleb B., nominated Secretary
of the Interior, 104.

Spinner, General Francis E. : his fidel-
ity as a Treasury officer ; his suffer-
ing from disease, borne heroically ;
his death, 3 ; suggests payments to
resigning officers by drafts on South-



era assistant-treasuries, 98 ; prefers
to take his secession from the out-
side of the Treasury ; proposes vig-
orous defence of the Treasury, 112;
Cornwell, a clerk in his office, ab-
stracts " demand notes ;" his de-
tection and punishment, 290-295;
uses postage - stamps in place of
small coins, 300 ; collects money
and-securities of the Treasury, and
prepares for leaving Washington
when it was threatened by General
Early in 1864,408.

Stannard, General George J. : his brill-
iant record in the war, 354 ; he is
appointed collector of the district
of Vermont, 355 ; he is ruined by
it, with some of his sureties, 357 ;
he becomes a door-keeper in the
gallery of the House of Representa-
tives, 357.

Stanton, Secretary Edwin M. : enters
President Buchanan's Cabinet, 28 ;
his influence there, 79 ; declares
that the surrender of the forts in
Charleston harbor would be crim-
inal, 80 ; promotes the quiet of the
inauguration, 91 ; public opinion of
him less favorable than it should
be, 168 ; his character and quali-
ties, 178 ; his physical and mental
vigor in 1861, 178; his first act in
President Buchanan's Cabinet ; de-
clares surrender of Fort Sumter a
crime, 181 ; his hatred of cant and
hypocrisy, and of speculative pa-
triots, 183 ; his strong prejudices
and caustic criticism, 185; his love
for, and eulogy of, President Lin-
coln, 186 ; his appointment as Sec-
retary of War, 187 ; his refusal to
sanction improper claims ; his firm-
ness, 188 ; his patriotic character,
190; report of Charles O'Neill's
committee to House of Representa-
tives on appropriation for a monu-
ment to Mr. Stanton, 192; present
at battle of Fort Stevens, 415.

Stars and Stripes: enthusiasm for,
April 1 5th, 105 ; love for it abides
forever, 108; affection for, of an old
Carolinian, 114.

Stevens, Fort, location of, 411 ; battle
of July 12th, 1864, 412 el seq.

Stewart, John A., is proposed by Sen-

ator Morgan as assistant-treasurer
of New York ; he declines the ap-
pointment, 373.

Stimers, Alban C., chief -engineer of
the Monitor, managed the turret dur-
ing the fight with the Merrimac, 231.

Stockton, Commodore: his character;
his interruption of Senator Merrill
in the Conference ; vigorous action
of a Northern delegate, 53-56.

Summers, George W., member of Con-
ference from Virginia, 31 ; his cor-
dial reception by Mr. Lincoln, 71 ;
his approval of Mr. Lincoln's state-
ment that he would obey and en-
force the Constitution and the laws,

Sumter, Fort, fall of ; its effect on the
North, April 14th, 106.

Taney, Chief Justice, death of, Octo-
ber, 1864, 384.

Thomas, George H. : his loyalty ques-
tioned and defended, 360 ; he assists
General Scott in April, 1861, and
protects the railroads to Washing-
ton, 361 ; he " will hold Chatta-
nooga until we starve," 362 ; moves
against Hood ; his slowness ; Gen-
eral Grant proposes to remove him
and give his command to Logan;
he waits under the President's ad-
vice; Thomas fights and defeats
Hoods army; Grant's justice to
him, 362 et seq. ; his unflinching

Online LibraryL. E. (Lucius Eugene) ChittendenRecollections of President Lincoln and his administration → online text (page 34 of 35)