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348



FORRER
WYONS



THE LIBRARY

OF

THE UNIVERSITY
OF CALIFORNIA

LOS ANGELES




THE WYONS



By LEONARD FORRER.



Reprinted from the Biographical Dictionary of Medallists, Vol. VI



LONDON

SPINK & SON LTD

17 & 1 8 PICCADILLY, W.

1917



-



\



Portrait of William Wyon
(from a drawing by Leonard C. Wyon, 1842).



THE WYONS



By LEONARD FORRER.



Reprinted from the Biographical Dictionary of Medallists, Vol. VI.



LONDON

SPINK & SON LTD
17 & 1 8 PICCADILLY, W.

1917



EDITION LIMITED TO 2OO COPIES.



5015348



THE



WYONS



WYON. The name of a talented family of Designers, Die-engravers
and Medallists whose period of activity extended from before the
middle of the eighteenth century to almost the end of the nineteenth
century. Their ancestor, as far as England is concerned, a Silver
Chaser by profession, came to England from Cologne, Germany,
during the reign of King George the Second and he is personally
associated in the traditions of the family with that monarch. The
Rev. Walter James Wyon, M . A . , Rector of Ufford, Suffolk, who
is at this date (1914) the senior representative of the English
Wyons, has examined the civic archives of Cologne, especially
those connected with Saint Columba's Church there and is satisfied
that the before-mentioned ancestor was the third son of that
George (I) Wyon who in the year 1705 married Maria Sibylla
Hemmerden. From this couple sprang a numerous family, and
during the eighteenth century the name occurs again and again in
the registers of births, marriages, and deaths of that famous city.
Peter George (II) Wyon was born in 1710 and died on the Island
of Saint Kitts, British West Indies, in 1744. Possibly ne mav be-
identified with the Peter Wyon who was some time employed at
the Cologne Mint, or at any rate a relative of his.

It is a matter of tradition in the Wyon family that the George Wyon
who came to England brought with him the little boy who grew
up to be George (III) Wyon and was buried in Birmingham in
1797. If this be the case then Peter George (II) Wyon who was
seventeen years of age when George the Second became King, may
not have come over at the accession, but afterwards, under his
patronage, or he may have come over in some domestic capacity





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at the age of seventeen, then gone back to Germany, married, and
returned to England later with his wife and little son.

Two of George (III) Wyon's sons, Thomas and Peter
distinguished themselves, first of all at Birmingham, as Medallists
and Engravers of dies for the token coinage. Peter was the father of
William, the most famous of the artists of the name of Wyon,
whose title to glory lay in the last coinage of King George the
Fourth, the coinage of King William the Fourth and the early r
coinage of Queen Victoria. Thomas (I), Benjamin, Joseph Shepherd,
Alfred Benjamin, and Allan Wyon all held the office of Chief
Engravers of His or Her Majesty's Seals; Thomas (II) Junior, and
William Wyon were Chief Engravers of the Royal Mint, which
office became extinct after the death of William ; Leonard Charles
Wyon served from 1851 to 1891 at the Mint in the same capacity,
while James (II) was also employed there.

The present representative of the name, Mr. Allan Gairdner Wyon,
Medallist and Sculptor, has been an exhibitor at the Royal Academy
since 1908, and continues with marked success the artistic
achievements connected with his family for nearly two centuries.

The genealogical table (p. 4) gives the pedigree of the artists
of the Wyon family, and has been compiled by the senior
representative, the Rev. Walter James Wyon, to whom I beg to
tender here my best thanks.

I have also to acknowledge the courtesy of Mr. A. G. Wyon, w r ho
has kindly read through my MS. and furnished me with valuable
help and information during the preparation of my paper.

For detailed information concerning the designs of many of the
coins issued for currency and also of the pattern coins struck from
dies prepared by members of the Wyon family I refer my readers
to the following publications : -

Spink and Son, Limited :

" Catalogue witli numerous illustrations of a Collection of
Milled English Coins dating from the reign of George I to that of
Her Present Majesty (Queen Victoria) and including Patterns and
Proofs of coins of that period in gold, silver, bronze, etc. Formed
by H. Montagu, Esq., F.S.A. (Vice-President of the Numismatic
Society of London ").

London : Spink and Son. 1891.

Hyman Montagu :

" The Copper Tin and Bronze Coinage and Patterns for Coins of
England from the reign of Elizabeth to that of Her Present
Majesty. " (Queen Victoria).

London : Bernard Quaritch. 1893.



Spink and Son, Limited :

" Catalogues of the Valuable Collection of Coins and Medals
the property of the late John G. Murdoch, Esq., Member of the
Numismatic Society of London ".

London : Sotheby, Wilkinson and Hodge. 1903 and 1904.

William John Hocking :

" Catalogue of the Coins, Tokens, Medals, Dies and Seals in
the Museum of the Royal Mint ". Two Volumes :
London : Wyman and Sons, Limited. 1906 and 1910.

Henry Garside :

Articles in the "Numismatic Circular".
London : Spink and Son, Limited. 1907 and after.
Much valuable matter respecting medals by members of the Wyon
family will also be found in some of the foregoing works.

WYON, ALFRED BENJAMIN (Brit.). Second son of Benjamin
Wyon, and a brother of Joseph Shepherd and Allan Wyon; born
in London on 28 th September 1837, died on 4 th June 1884. He was
for some years a student in the School of Painting at the Royal Aca-
demy, and learned the art of die-engraving under his father. From
31" July 1865, he was associated with his brother, Joseph S.
Wyon, as Chief-Engraver of the Seals, becoming sole Engraver on
23 rd October 1873, an ffi ce which he retained until his death. He
was succeeded by his younger brother, Allan Wyon, who was
appointed on 2o th June 1884.

Alfred Benjamin Wyon attained great eminence as an Engraver
and Medallist, but his principal delight was in seals and sigillography.
He compiled a valuable work on the "Great Seals of England",
completed and published in 1887 by Allan Wyon.

The great seal of Queen Victoria, prepared in 1878, was the work
of A. B. Wyon.

Alfred Benjamin Wyon was a partner of Joseph Shepherd in the
Die-sinking business, inherited from their father Benjamin, and
founded in London by Thomas Wyon senior. Shortly before the
death of Joseph Shepherd, a third brother, Allan, entered the works
to assist Alfred Benjamin.

Among the many important medals engraved by Alfred Ben-
jamin Wyon, the following are the best known : Entry of the
Princess Alexandra into the City, 1863 (T$L. only); Reception of
the Sultan of Turkey, Abdul Aziz, 1867(1^, only) ; Thanksgiving
for Prince of Wales's Recovery, 1872 (in collaboration with J. S.
Wyon); Reception of Nasr-ed-din, Shah of Persia, 1873;



Opening of the New City of London School, 1882 ; Opening ot
the new Council Chamber, Guildhall, London, 1884 ; - - C. R.
Leslie, R.A.; fy. The Sentry Box, Art Union of London, 1870
(/' I lust rated); Thomas Brown ; The Stationers' School Prize Medal
founded, 1871 (in collab. with T. Stothard) ; William Branwhite
Clarke; Royal Society of New South Wales, Prize Medal, 1878




C.R. Leslie, by A.B. Wyon.

(J. S. & A. B. Wyon) ; Earl and Countess Dufferin; Prize Medal,
1873 (obv. by A. B. Wyon; I. by J. S. and A. B. Wyon);
John Gibson, R. A., 1789-1866; tyL. The Hunter; Art Union
of London, 1874 (illustrated); - - Daniel Maclise R. A.; I$L. The
prison scene in Hamlet; Art Union medal, 1878 (illustrated); -



E. H. Baily, R. A., 1788-1867; ^L. Eve, Art Union of London
1882 (illustrated); Medal of the University of Glasgow (J. S. &
A. B. Wyon); - D r William Keith, 1802-1872; The Keith
Medal, Aberdeen University (J-S. & A.B. Wyon); Ayrshire
Agricultural Association Prize Medal; Me Gill University,




John Gibson, by A.B. Wyon.



Montreal; Prize Medal for Jurisprudence, 1864 (J. S. & A. B.
Wyon); Catholic Commercial Academy, Montreal; The Edw.
Murphy Prize Medal founded 1873 (J-S.&A.B. Wyon); Indian
Chiefs Medal, with bust of Queen Victoria, 1867 (obv. by J.
S . Wyon ; fyL. by J . S . & A . B . Wyon) ; several varieties exist



of these medals (cf. Leroux, N os 1185-1192); - - High School
for Girls, Montreal, founded 1875 ; Prize Medal for general
proficiency (J.S. & A.B. Wyon); - Lord and Lady Lansdowne;
Canadian Presentation Medal, 1884 (J.S. & A.B. Wyon);
Princess Louise and Marquis of Lome ; Canadian Medal of




Daniel Maclise, by A. B. Wyon.

Merit (J.S. & A.B. Wyon); Magna Charta Angliae, Law
Society, Ontario (J.S. & A.B. Wyon) ; Neil Arnott, physician,
1788-1874 ; University of London, Arnott medal 1869 ; John
Jeremiah Bigsby, geologist, 1792-1881; - D r John Howard; Sta-
tistical Society Medal; - Sir William- Lawrence, surgeon, 1783-
1867; David Livingstone (several varieties); Recovery of the



10



Prince of Wales, 1872; Canadian medal (several varieties; by J.S.
& A.B. Wyon in collaboration) ; D r Thomas Alexander; Netley
Hospital; D r F.S. Arnott, Bombay (J.S. & A.B. Wyon);
William Baly, physician. 1814-1861 (J.S. & A.B. Wyon); -
William Senfiouse Kirkes, physician, London, 1823-1864 (J.S. &




E.H.Baily, by A.B. Wyon.

A.B. Wyon); D r Sir J. R. Martin, Netley Hospital; D r G.

D. Langstaff, Chem. Society, London (after A. Bruce-Joy); D.

E. A. Parkes, 1819-1876; D r J. Propert, Epsom; Sir Dig
Bijay Singh; - D r William S. Tuke, London; Medal of the
British Medical Association (J.S. & A . B . Wyon) ; Medal of the



Psychological Association (J.S. & A.B. Wyon); Marriage Medal
ot Arthur, Duke of Connaught with Princess Louise Margaret of
Prussia, 13. March 1879 (J.B. & A.B. Wyon); New Zealand
War Medal, 1846-1866 (J.S. & A.B. Wyon); - Abyssinian
War Medal, 1867-1868 (J.S. & A.B. Wyon); Trinity College,
Dublin, Greek Medal, Berkeley Prize (J.S. & A.B. Wyon), etc.

The medals issued by the firm of J. S. and A.B. Wyon, which
continued under the same name, after J. S. Wyon's death in 1873
and even for some little time during Allan Wyon's management
are usually signed J. S. & A. B. WYON, and it is therefore a mistake
to connect the medals struck after 1873 with Joseph Shepherd's
work.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. W. W. Wroth, Diet. Nat. Biography, LXIII, 268. Numis-
matic Chronicle, 1885, Proceedings, p. 26. Charles Welch, Numismata Londi-
nensia, 1894. H. A. Grueber, Personal Medals. Cochran-Patrick, Medals of
Scotland. Leroux, Me'daillier du Canada. Personal Notes of D* R. H. Storer.
Marvin, Masonic Medals, 1880. Menadier, Schaumun^en des Hauses Hohen-
^ollern, 1901. H. A. Grueber, British Museum Guide. Wyon, Great Seals of
England, p. 190. Hocking, Royal Mint Museum Catalogue, 1910. Frazer,
Medallists of Ireland.

WYON, ALLAN (Brit.). (1843-1907). A younger son of Benjamin
Wyon, and a brother of Joseph Shepherd and Alfred Benjamin ;





Jubilee Medal of the Young Men's Christian Association, 1894.

born on 4 th July 1843, died on 25 th January 1907. He joined the
business of his two brothers in 1872, shortly before the death of
Joseph Shepherd, and on his decease was succeeded by his son,
Mr. Allan Gairdner Wyon.

Allan Wyon was appointed Chief Engraver of Her Majesty's seals
on 20 th June 1884.



12

There is a Portrait-medal of him by his son, Mr. A. G. Wyon.

Allan Wyon joined the Numismatic Society of London in 1885,
was elected a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries in 1889, being
already a Fellow of the kindred Society in Scotland. For many
years he was a member of the British Archaeological Association,
of which at one time, he was a Vice-President (1883-1897) and
Honorary Treasurer (1881-1895), and to which he communicated
several papers, mainly on sphragistic subjects.

His name will ever be recollected as joint author with his brother
Alfred Benjamin Wyon of an important work on the ' Great Seals
of England'.

Allan Wyon w r as the Engraver of numerous important seals, and
of the dies of many medals, among which I may mention the
Darwin Medal of the Royal Society, 1882; - George Williams,
Jubilee Medal of the Young Men's Christian Association, 6. June
1894 (illustrated}-, D r George Edwin Coulthard, Frederickton,
New Brunswick (1849-1900); - - Charles Frederick Huth and
Frances Caroline Marshall, Golden Wedding, 1886 (signed :
ALLAN WYON); Queen Victoria Jubilee 1887 ; Medals of varied
types; Queen Ranavalo III. of Madagascar, 1895; David
Livingstone, Glasgow (A.J.N. 763-4); - - D r Walter Moxon,
London, 1836-1886 (A. J. N. 794; in Boston Collection); -
D r W. B. Cheadle (A.J.N. 1495); - - E. Jenner, Medal of the
Epidemiological Society of London, 1896 (A.J.N. 1497);
David Livingstone, Hampstead Prize (A.J.N. 1498); - - Ibid.,
several varieties (A.J. N. 763-4); D r J. H. Steel, Medal of the
Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons, London (A.J.N. 1501);
Hampstead Hospital (A.J.N. 1508); - Medical Department
Yorkshire College (A.J.N. 730; in Boston Collection);
D r J. M. Purser, Trinity College, Dublin, 1899 ; D r G. D. Long-
staff, London, 1889 (AJ.N. 782 ; Boston); D r J. S. Bristowe,
St. Thomas' Hospital (A.J.N. 799) ; Plague at Hong Kong, 1 894
(A.J.N. 1184); D r Golding Bird, London, 1887 (after Leonard
Charles Wyon; A.J.N. 605) ; Marriage of Princess Beatrice to
Prince Henry of Battenberg, 1885; - Commemoration of the
founding and endowment of the Whitworth Scholarships by
Sir Joseph Whitworth, Bart., from designs by Sir E. J. Poynter,
P. R. A., etc.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. As Alfred Benjamin Wyon's. Page 11.

WYON, ALLAN GAIRDNER (Brit.'). Eldest son of Allan Wyon,
Sculptor and Medallist, born on ist. June 1882 ; studied in London
at the Royal Academy from 1905 to 1909; worked as assistant
sculptor in the studio of Mr. Hamo Thornycroft R.A., 1910-1911;
resides at 2 Langham Chambers, Portland Place, London W. Was



awarded the Landseer scholarship and a silver Medal in 1908 for a
model of a head from life; First Prize and a silver Medal for a set of
life studies in 1909; and in the same year also a First Prize for a
figure design.

As a sculptor he has exhibited at the Royal Academy from 1908:
Herakles rescuing Alcestis from Hades (1911), a group; Mrs.
Eliot Reed, a bust in marble (1912), etc.

His chief medallic productions consist of numerous ecclesiastical
and other seals, and many medals among which may be mentioned :
Carilaos Tricoupi, 1907; Prof. Walter F. R. Weldon, M.A.
D. Sc., 1908 ; Miss Janet Whyte, 1909 ; Allan Wyon, 1907 ;
Head of H. M. King George V., 1911; The Stationers'
Company (1912); Royal International Horticultural Exhibition,
1912. The last three medals, in silver were exhibited at the Royal
Academy, 1912; Sir James Hector, New Zealand Institute, 1912.

Mr. Allan G. Wyon, though his taste lies more in sculpture,
shows undoubted talent in the modelling of medallions, plaquettes,
and other small works. In his varied productions one can perceive
the process that leads to success. His bust of King George shows
concentration of thought and energy, and displays all the qualities
that reveal an artist qualified to transfer to the imperishable stone
or metal the transitory vision of every spectacle that strikes his eye.

WYON, ANNE (1767-1835) nee AVERY (Brit.). Wife of Thomas
Wyon the elder, and the mother of Benjamin. She obtained in 1821
the Silver Medal of the Royal Society of Arts for Modelling Wax
Flowers (Journal of the R. Society of Arts, June 14, 1912, p. 754).

WYON, BENJAMIN (Brit.). Second ' son of Thomas Wyon the
elder, was born in John Street, Blackfriars, London, on 9. January
1802, died on 21. November 1858. He received instruction from his
elder brother, Thomas Wyon the younger, and in 1819 and 1821
was awarded the gold medal of the Society of Arts for medal dies
of figures. He also gained the silver medal of the Royal Academy
for a die with the head of Apollo.

He succeeded his father as Chief Engraver of the Seals, being
appointed on 10. January 1831, and cut the Great Seal of
William IV. Subsequently he engraved many dies of medals, which
are usually signed : B. WYON, BENJ. WYON, WYON, B. WYON S.,
etc.

Benjamin Wyon was married twice, first to a Miss French, and
secondly to H. O. Shepherd in 1835, by whom he was the father



I. He was the second that grew up, but sons born before him died in infancy.



14

of Joseph Shepherd Wyon, Alfred Benjamin Wyon, ? and Allan
Wyon ; he succeeded to his father, Thomas Wyon, senior's, business.





Visit of the Emperor ano Em^re-s of the French
to the Guildhall, 19. April 1855.



-r 15 -

Among this artist's most important medallic productions are :
Visit of George IV. to Ireland, 1821 (obv. only; ty*. by Mills;
published by Hamy and Mann, of Dublin). A specimen in bronze
in the Frazer Collection had the edge inscribed : IRISH COPPER FROM






Sir John Vanbrugh.
THE MINES IN THE COUNTY OF WICKLOW ; Opening of London

Bridge, 1831 ; - Passing of Reform Bill, 1832; - Foundation of
City of London School, 1834; Pollock Prize Medals, 1842; -
Opening of London Coal Exchange, 1849; Shakespeare Prize,
City of London School ; Visit of Napoleon III. and the Empress
Eugenie to Queen Victoria, 1855 (illustrated); - Visit of Victor
Emmanuel II., King of Sardinia to London, 1855 ; The

reverse of the Crimean Medal ; - Wicklow Agricultural Medal



16

(signed: WYON); Rev. Robert Fellowes, King's College,
London; D r James Burnes, Bombay, 1849; Medal of the
Montrose Academy, presented by the Masons of Western India
(A.J.N. 614); - - D r John Hunter, Leeds School of Medicine
(A.J.N. 729); Yorkshire College, School of Medicine (A. J.N.
730); Sir Jansetjii Jijibhai, Grant Medical College, Bombay
(A.J.N. 745 ; Boston); D r John Me Lennan, Calcutta (A.J.N.
788); Charing Cross Hospital, London, Medical School (A.J.N.
913; Boston); London Hospital, School of Medicine (A.J.N.
918; Boston); D r Thomas Henry Huxley, Charing Cross
Hospital, Medical School (A.J.N. 1496); - Medal of the Royal
Botanic Society of London, 1839; Lord George Bentinck, 1802-
1848; Sir William Chambers, Somerset House rebuilt, 1781 ;
Art Union of London 1857 ; Sir George Chetwynd, Bart. 1783-
1850, Grendon Hall, 1833 ; - Tribute to Charles Hutton, LL.D.
1737-1823 (signed : B. WYON SC. T. WYON DIR. 1821); Shake-
speare Prize Medal of the City of London School, 1851; Coro-
nation Medal of George IV., 1821 (obv. T. WYON JDN R ; !. B.
WYON); Medal on the Erection of Brighthelmstone Pier, 1823 ;

Marriage Medal of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, 1840; -
Medal of the Royal Scottish Academy of Painting, Sculpture and
Architecture, 1833; designed by J. Noel Paton ; signed: BENJ.
WYON SC. ; University of Glasgow, The Cleland Prize Medal;

Montrose Academy, The Sir Edward Colebrooke Prize ;
Board of Trade Medal for Gallantry in Saving Life; Duke of
Wellington, Cinque Ports Banquet at Dover, 1839; - Sir John
Vanbrugh, I$6. View of Blenheim Palace (illustrated}', Madras
Exhibition, undated (Bust of Queen Victoria) ; Sir Christopher
Wren ; Toronto University, Prize Medals (several varieties) ;
Indian Chiefs Medal, with bust of Queen Victoria ; signed : B. WYON
(Leroux, p. 159); Sunbury (Canada) Grammar School, Prize
Medal, 1868 (Ler., p. 234) ; Whitehaven Junction Railway
Company, 1844; Visit of Queen Victoria to the Guildhall, 1837 ;

- Christening of the Prince of Wales, 1843 ; Church Mission-
ary Society, Jubilee Medal 1848; Board of Trade, Life Saving
Medal (two types ; dies preserved in the Royal Mint) ; Winchester
School, Prize Medal ; University of London, Prize Medal, etc.
Benjamin Wyon designed and engraved the Great Seals of
George IV., 1821, William IV., 1831, and Queen Victoria, 1837.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. W. W. Wroth, Did. Nat. Biography, LXIII, 268. Gentle-
man's Magazine, 1859, 1, 97, no. Daily News, 25. November 1858. Wyon,
Great Seals, &c., p. 190. Welch, Numismata Londinensia. Frazer, Medallists
of Ireland. D r R. H. Storer's Notes. Numismatic Chronicle, 1888-92.
Cochran-Patrick, Medals of Scotland. Leroux, Medaillier du Canada, 1892.
Singer, Allgemeines Kunstter-Lexicon, 1901. W. J. Hocking, Royal Mint Museum
Catalogue,



WYON, EBERHARD (or EVERHARD)(G^rw.).Line-engraver of some
repute, who was working at Cologne, circ. 1721-1767. Nagler and
Schlickeysen describe him as a Mint-engraver there from 1764 to
1766, and his name in full appears amongst others on a Conventions
Gulden of Archbishop Maximilian Friedrich, 1764 (illustrated).

This artist's daughter, Maria Elizabeth, distinguished herself
also as a Line-engraver, 1738-1750.

In 1742 a Wyon signed a Cologne Proclamation Medal of
Emperor Charles VII. This is probably Peter Wyon (q. v.) whose
name occurs as a Line-engraver and Die-cutter at Cologne, circ.
1727-1742. No doubt Eberhard and Peter Wyon were related to
one another, but I have been unable to trace their parentage.




Gulden of Maximilian Friedrich, Archbishop of Cologne, 1764.

It is also a question whether Peter George Wyon (q. v.) is the
Peter Wyon of the Cologne coins, or what relation he is to this
Engraver, and the other artists employed at the Cologne Mint in
the middle years of the eighteenth century.

WYON, EDWARD (Brit.). Probably a descendant of George (III)
Wyon (q. i 1 .); Chief of the Operative Department in the Imperial
Mint at Canton, who died at Kobe while spending a holiday there,
was a Birmingham man, and an account of his career was given in
" The Daily Post " newspaper of that city.

Edward Wyon commenced his business life about 1857 when he
was apprenticed to Ralph Heaton (who died in 1891), of the
Birmingham Mint, who in that year furnished a mint in Marseilles
with machinery to strike bronze coins, having received a contract
from the French Government to convert the copper coin into
bronze. In the early part of 1864 Wyon was sent to Burmah by
his employers to superintend the erection and equipment of a Mint
for the Burmese Government. That the work was satisfactorily



performed may be gathered from the following quaint testimonial
which Messrs. R. Heaton and Sons subsequently received, the


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