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Thb Earl op Derby, a Biography, 3.

Pheasant-rearing in France, 7.

From Oxford to St. George^s, 10, 115, 196.

Angling Haunts — ^Rowslejr, la.

Tom Crib^s Training, i8.

Experiences of Sydney Godolphin Yahoo, Esq., by Francis Francis, 30, 75, 145,

%66f 308.
Championship of the Thames, 38.
Cricket, 39.

Our Van, 47, 97, i55» *»3» *83> 34^» 410*
Dramatic and Musical World, 51, 164, 164, aaj, S89, 353, 417.
The Earl of Chesterfield, a Biography, 55.
MjT First Vacation, 59.
Her Majestv*s Staz Hounds, 71.
Lord Lpnfl4a]e*s Hounds, 71.
An Oppiing Address to Fox-huntecB» 71*
Cub Hxoktmf^, 85. *
The Tomnuebeg Shootings, 93.
John Gully, Esq., a Biography, 107.
Fox-hunting, 1 14.
The Surrey Union Hounds, las.
The Vine Hunt, 123.
Essex Union Hounds, 114*
The Essex Hunt, 114.
The Essex and Suffolk Hounds, 115.
Bear Shooting in Russia, 135, 107.
Sir Tatton Sykes, a Biography, 169.
Masters of Fox-hounds, 174*
Oakley Hunt, 183.
York and Ainstv Hunt, 184*
A Shooting, ana how to manage it, 184*
One Word more on Fox-huntincf, 190,
Viscount Palmerston, a Biography, 229.
Independent and Dependent Masters of Fox-hounds, 135.
The Wild Sports of the Neileherry Mountains, 145.
The Horse and his Rider, a Review, 157.
Lord Dacre*s Hunt, 264.
Old Berkshire Hunt, 265.
Mr. Hiirs Hunt, 266.
Coursing, 270, 407.
George Osbaldeston, a Biography, 295*
A Few Words on the Sagacity of Huntsmen, 306-
South Essex Hunt, 312.
Lord Middleton^s Fox-hounds, 313^
Bramham Moor Hunt, 314.


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On the Shape and Make of a Hone, 314.

The Team and its Drivers, 31 5*

WUd Life, 3*3, 387.

Huntsmen, Amateur and Professional, 319.

Cticket, 339.

Billiard Entertainment at Brighton, 344.

James Merry, Esq., a Biomphy, 357. ^

The Roman Bath as appucable to training Race Horses, by the Hon. Admiral

Rous, 363.
School Life t its Sports and Pastimes, 370,
Treatment (the) 01 Hunters, 377,
The University Boat Race, 1S61, 393.


Title-page— John Wells, from a Photograph of Mr. May^l, of Regent Street.

The Earl of Derby . . Page 3

The Earl of Chesterfield , „ 55

John Gully, Esq. . , „ 107

Sir Tatton Sykes . . „ 169

Viscount Palmerston . , Page 2^9
George Osbaldeston, Em). . „ ^9 J
j9mtsMeiry^£ft|. . , „ 357


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On the lengthy bead-roll of the House of Lords there is no name
so illustrious, either by ancient descent, historical attributes, or
philosophic statesmanship, as the Earl of Derby, twice Premier
of England, and the acknowledged Jiead of its turf. And his ready
condescension in sitting for his portrait for so young a magazine we
here gratefully acknowledge, and hail as a symbol that our conduct
of it has been such as to merit his patronage, and that of the order to
which he belongs.

The Right tlonourable Edward GeofFrey Smith Stanley, four-
teenth Earl of Derbv, was born on the 29th of March, 1799, in his
ancestral home at Knowesley Park, near Prescot, in the County
Palatine of Lancashire, and is now in his sixty-first year. His
father, who was better known to the public for a long period as
Lord Stanley, seems to have devoted him, like the first Sir Robert
Peel did his son, to the service of the State 5 and he was educated,
as it were, for office. His scholastic career commenced at Eton,
and was concluded at Christchurch, Oxford, which university,
straJTge to say, he quitted without taking his degree of Bachelor
of.Arts. It must not be thought, however, from this circumstance,
that he had not then exhibited those talents which have since won
him one of the most exalted positions in Europe ; for, among other
distinctions, he obtained the Chancellor's prize for Latin verse,
reading his poem of * Syracuse,* according to custom, from the
rostrum of the Sheldonian theatre, which, upwards of thirty years
afterwards, witnessed his own installation as Chancellor. One
reason alone has been assigned for his taking so singular a step as
not entering for his degree, which was, that, conscious of his powers
of being able to eclipse all his competitors, the bare idea of risking
a defeat for * the first place * was too much for his sensitive nature
to endure.

Immediately he attained his majority. Lord Derby, then the
Honourable Mr. Stanley, entered Parliament, as many other states-
men have done before him, by means of a pocket-borough, and as
representative for Stockbridge he commenced his career as a poli-

VOL. II.— NO. 8. Digitized byCoOgle

2 THE EARL OF DERBY. [October,

tician. And as an instance of the recollections he entertains of the
kindness of his original constituents, we may state he never fails to
visit the Stockbridge Meeting whenever tne exigencies of official
life aftord him the requisite leisure. But it was not at first that the
Premier in embryo made himself known, either as an orator or a
debater ; for three years had elapsed before the House heard * the soft
' Saxon of that silver tongue,' when, upon the Manchester Gas Bill
coming on for consideration, he thought it his duty, from his family
connection with Lancashire, to oppose the motion, which he did in
a speech of much clearness and ability. Having been pronounced,
by no less a judge of parliamentary oratory than Sir James Mack-
intosh, to have ' won his trial,' and the ice being broken, Mr. Stanley
next applied himself to the Irish Church Question, which was then
in course of fierce agitation, and, from the masterly manner in
which he treated it, the young patrician, without graduation, at once
leaped into the foremost ranks of the Liberal party, and was marked
for office when a fitting post might become vacant. In the year
1825 the member for Stockbridge allied himself to the Honourable
Emma Catherine Wilbraham, second daughter of Lord Skelmersdale,
by whom he has issue alive Lord Stanley, M.P. for King's Lynn,
and late Secretary for India ; the Lady Emma Stanley, about to be
united in a few days to the Honourable Colonel Talbot, who so long
acted as private secretary to her father; and the Honourable
Frederick Arthur Stanley, a lieutenant in the Grenadier Guards.
In the year following tnis event, his father. Lord Derby, being
anxious he should represent the local interests of his &mily, pro-
cured his return for Preston, and he resigned his seat for Stock-
bridge. The opportunity for which Mr. Stanley had long sighed for
displaying his qualifications for office presented itself within a short
time afterwards, for in April, 1827, upon the accession of Mr.
Canning to power, he was offered and accepted the subordinate post
of Under Secretary to the Colonies ; and so ably did he fulfil the
laborious duties attached to it, that upon the lamented death of that
statesman he was continued in the appointment by Lord Ripon,
who succeeded him as First Lord of the Treasury.

But although recognized, in sporting language, as * a promising
' young 'un,' Mr. Stanley, to continue the simile, never ' did a great
* thing' until he joined Lord Grey's administration as Chief Secretary
for Ireland, in which capacity he had nightly to encounter the
vigorous onslaughts of those mighty Hibernian gladiators O'Connell
and Sheil. It was then that he was in reality * got out,' and, armed
at all points for them, he was the Paladin of the Government ; and it
was difficult which to admire most, his quickness in detecting the
vulnerable points of his assailants, or his dexterity in avoiding their
blows. In fact, he gave one the idea of an accomplished swordsman
defending himself with a foil against the assaults of two heavy
cavaliers armed with the weapons of ancient times. And never was
there a happier soubriquet than that which still clings to him of
' The Rupert of Debate.' He had little reason, however, to be

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proud of his constituency ; for, on asking for a renewal of their
suffices, he was rejected in favour of the Radical orator, Henry
Hunt ; and had not Sir Hussey Vivian, father of the present Lord
Vivian, resigned his seat for Windsor in his favour, the ministry
would for a time have been without the benefit of his aid in parlia-
ment. Two years subsequently, familv influence and the tide of
public opinion, which had veered rouncl in his favour, procured his
election for one of the divisions of his native shire, the county
of Lancaster. It is far from our intention to dwell upon the political
career of a minister of such high standing and exalted &me as
Mr. Stanley ultimately became, because neither our limits, nor the
neutrality which a sporting magazine should adopt as to politics,
forbids the idea. But we may add, that in the Lower House, in the
debates on the Reform Bill, in 1832, many of its most important
provisions owed their success to the ability with which he supported
them, his logic being as irrefutable as his eloquence was winning and
converting. To the Irish Brigade he was especially obnoxious,
treating them, in the conduct of the Bill, which introduced the
boon of national education into Ireland, with a fierce and aristocratic
contempt that made them wince again and again under his taunts.
And when they complained and protested against his demeanour. Sir
Robert Peel came to the rescue of his friend, and stated, ' he
'thought he should have fewer complaints upon that score if
' Mr. Stanley were a less powerful opponent in debate.' From the
Secretaryship for Ireland Mr. Stanley was promoted to the more
important position of Secretary of State for the Colonies, in which
capacity he carried the Slave Emancipation Bill, a measure of which
he may well be proud, from its humanizing influences, and which
will ever remain one of the most striking instances of the love of
freedom and the liberality of the people of England. In 1833, ^^^
grandfather having died, and his father becoming the Earl of Derby,
he assumed his title, by courtesy, of Lord Stanley ; and in the fol-
lowing year, with Sir James Graham, the Earl of Ripon, and the
Duke of Richmond, who were known as * the Canning leaven of the
* Whig administration,' he abruptly seceded from office. Nor did
he resume power until the autumn of 184 1, when, having smashed
up the Whig Government by his speech on the ministerial budget,
he joined the Cabinet of Sir Robert Peel in his old post of Colonial
Secretary, distinguishing himself, as before, by the vigour of his intel-
lect and those sarcastic powers which he knew so well how to
employ, and which left a sting behind them that time could hardly
eilace. On the dissolution of Sir Robert Peel's government, and
the succession of Lord John Russell to the seals. Lord Stanley
became the leader of the Conservatives in the House of Commons,
but never embarrassed the ministry by a factious opposition. And
when Mr. Locke King's motion for an extension of the franchise
was carried in 1851, and the Russell Cabinet fell to the ground,
Her Majesty sent for him, and requested him to form an administra-
tion. This command Lord Stanley found himself bound to r^spect-


4 THE £ARL OF DERBY.' [October,

fully decline, from reasons which he afterwards made public at a
banquet given to him at Merchant Tailors' Hall. Three months after
this occurrence he succeeded to his ancestral title, by the demise of his
father in his seventy-sixth year, and at once found a new field for
his political abilities. Again the opportunity was afforded of wield-
ing the destinies of his country, bv the discomfiture of the Govern-
ment upon the Militia Bill. Ana this time Lord Derby no longer
hesitated to obey the commands of his sovereign. In his govern-
ment, which was singularly free from the cnarges of nepotism
Ereferred against his predecessor, he was assisted by his eldest son,
»ord Stanley. And since the days of Cecil, in Queen Elizabeth's
reign, England has never witnessed the sight of a father and son
sitting at the same Council Board, and devoting their united talents
to the development of her resources and the maintenance of her

During his short career at the head of affairs, the chief features of
his administration were the increase and improvements he made in
the Navy, and his cordial and instantaneous recognition of Louis
Napoleon as Emperor of the French. The value of the alliance with
France, as the best security for the peace of Europe, he was the
foremost to own. And our relations with that country were never
on a more friendly footing than during this period. Elected to office,
with a House of Commons returned under the influence of the
Whigs, it was not unnatural he should appeal to the country for an
avowal of confidence in his measures. He accordingly dissolved on
the 1st of July 1852; and, when the new Parliament met in
December following, he found he had miscalculated his strength, as,
upon a division in a Committee of Ways and Means, he was defeated
by a majority of nineteen, and instantaneously, with his colleagues,
placed his resignation in Her Majesty's hands. It was accepted ; but
again, on the downfall of the Aberdeen Cabinet, the Queen solicited
his aid ; but as he felt that holding office, which he could only do on
sufferance, would be lowering the dignity of his position, he declined , and
prudently resolved to watch the course of events. Three years later.
Nemesis restored him the reins of power, by the very same majority
of nineteen by which he was ousted, and on the same 20th of
February which, both in 185 1 and 1852, had been fatal to Lord John
Russell's government. His second Administration must speak for
itself, composed as it was of noblemen and gentlemen who have
been before the world long enough to be properly estimated by those
who take an interest in the politics of the day. During the tenure
of their office, it is not too much to say, they won the respect of
their opponents by the conscientiousness of their motives, and the
honourable manner in which they conducted the public affairs com-
mitted to their charge. Whether Lord Derby shines brighter as an
administrator, or in opposition, it is not for us to decide, for it is
time to pass on to him as a sportsman. But we cannot refrain from
avowing our belief, that the nobleman who has the courage to assert
his sole policy to be the advancement of the great object of peace on

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i860.] A BIOGRAPHY. $

earth and goodwill among men, the increase of the social, moral, and
religious improvement of his country, and the contribution to the
safety, honour, and welfare of his Sovereign and her dominions, is
worthy of the coronet that was placed on his ancestor's brow at the
Battle of Bosworth by the seventh Henry, and one of whom we can
point to with pride and pleasure as the type of a British statesman.

Thus without party bias of any description, we have endeavoured
to lay before our readers the cnief phases and incidents of Lord
Derby's political career; and it only remains for us now to depict him
in that capacity in which he is most ^miliar to the majority of our
patrons, viz., as a sportsman of the very first class, either on the
moor, the stubble, or the racecourse. Inheriting to the fullest extent
the partiality of his father and grandfether for field sports, Lord
Derby has for years been one of the strongest supporters of the turf,
and has contributed materially to the maintenance of its honour and
well-being. Originally he had the management of his father's stud
placed in his hands, and found time from his political engagements
to sec that their trainers, Saunders and Pearce, did justice to them.
When he began, however, on his own account, he joined John
Scott's stable, and has since remained in it, through good and evil
report, leaving entirely the conduct of his stud to the veteran who is
at the head of it. And well has the confidence been bestowed ; for
although, to John's intense mortification, he has never been able to
pull him through a Derby or a St. Leger, twice, when his prospects
for them looked the brightest, his horses De Clare and Boiardo break-
ing down, he has yet, by the excellence of his training, and the
judicious manner he has engaged them,' gained for him most of the
distinguished prizes on the turf, and rendered his training-bill a mere
bagatelle. To instance the correctness of our statements, we may
*enumerate, among other victories that are emblazoned on his
escutcheon, the Oaks of 1851, with Iris; the Two Thousand
Guineas of 1856 with Fazzoletto ; the One Thousand, with Canezou
and Sagetta in 1848 and i860; the Caesarewitch in 1849 ^^^^
Legerdemain; the Goodwood Cup in 1849 ^"^ '850, with Canezou,
who also carried off the Doncaster Cup in 1859. ^^^ Great York-
shire Stakes he won three years out of four, viz., in 1853, ^854, and
1856, with Umbriel, Acrobat, and Fazzoletto; and but for the
treachery of the lad who rode Acrobat in the Chester Cup, he should
have been credited with that race also. The Derby has always been
£ital to him ; his &vourites for it, and on whom he most relied, viz..
Dervish and Toxopholite, being endowed with more speed than
string powers ; but had not De Clare broke down on the Sunday
previous to the race, his trainer always maintains he would have
worried Wild Dayrell to death, and defeated him. Produce Stakes
innumerable have fellen to his lot at Newmarket, Ascot, and York ;
and at Northampton his two-year olds were wont to be very for-
midable. Such successes obtained by his own blood reflect quite as
much credit on Lord Derby as a breeder, as it does on John Scott as
a trainer, and his crosses of blood are wonderful ' nicks.' While in

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6 TH^ EARL OF DBRBY. [October,

ofEce the last time, he thought it incumbent on him to retire from
the turf, not from any cessation in his attachment, but solely because
he found it was almost impossible for him to see a race, or bestow
that attention upon his horses which one in his position ought to do.
The greater portion of his stud came to the hammer on the Saturday
after the Doncaster Meeting, 1858, and realized over 5000/. The an-
nouncement of this step almost created as great a sensation as Toxo-
pholite's running for the Derby, when his owner's administration was
in extremis. And few have forgotten the fierce assault of ' The
' Times ' on him, because he would not give some of his lots away,
and claimed for himself the right of every Englishman to put a
reserve price on his property. To his jockeys Lord Derby is liberal,
but not foolishly extravagant ; and so delighted was he with the
exquisite manner in which Alfred Day handled the cowardly Dervish
at Goodwood in his race with Arthur Wellesley, that he sent him a
cheque for a hundred pounds in recognition of it. Frank Butler's
services, which were certainly veiy important, he always esteemed ;
and if he succeeds in his forthcommg measure to mitigate the horrors
of that system of trafficking in human flesh, which has been so long
in force in the Jockey Club, and which is nothing but a remnant of
a barbarous age, he will earn for himself the gratitude of our jockeys,
and be universally recognized as the Wilberforce of the turf. In
racing law Lord Derby is well read, for his whole soul is in the
sport ; and of him it is said that he once addressed the Speaker of the
House of Commons as Mr. Clerk of the Course. On another occa-
sion, also, when it might have been supposed he was broken down
with a speech of four hours' duration on China, full of blue-book
details, taking hold of a racing peer's arm, he inquired, as he left the
House, what would win the Two l^housand ? and was immediately
as active in discussing the merits of the field as he had been before in
analyzing the motives of our Ambassador at Hong Kong. Freed from
political care. Lord Derby, contrary to general opinion we will
admit, is no longer the fierce aristocratic parliamentary debater, but
the genial, good-natured man of the world, full of ftin, ever ready to
appreciate a joke, and down to every move on the race-course, as he
is on the chess-board of St. Stephen's. And if the walls of John
Scott's parlour could speak, they would reveal many a * Noctes ' that
would rival the ^Ambrosianae' of Blackwood, as the mighty Minister,
sunk into the sportsman, sat up with his trainer till the light broke
sufficiently to enable them to try their horses. A few more brief
words and our task is ended. The turf has been held to be a
degrading pursuit 5 but while its leader, whose domestic virtues are on
a par with his public worth, and who is as capable of replying to
Count Cavour in Italian, at Turin, as he is to M. Thouvenel, at
Paris, in French, and is the patriot who entertained fourteen thousand
volunteers, at his own expense, on a recent occasion, the British

Online LibraryL PylodetBaily's Magazine of sports and pastimes, Volume 2 → online text (page 1 of 55)