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and institutions. Other approaches focus upon the
molding of individuals by various institutions, groups,
and cultures, or upon the functional or conflict
relationships among various classes and subcultures.
By emphasizing the scientific and comparative study
of social institutions and cultures, the department
seeks to have students develop an understanding of
social realities, and to increase their competence in
dealing critically and constructively with social
problems and programs for social change.

The department's goals are to contribute to the
liberal arts education at Gettysburg College, to
provide a solid academic foundation in sociology
and anthropology for students interested in graduate
study, to assist students in meeting their academic
and career needs, and to acquaint all students who
take our courses with sociological and
anthropological perspectives. The courses reflect the
diversity of perspectives in sociology as a discipline
and cover the core subject matter of the field.

Majors are prepared for graduate education in
sociology, urban planning, law, commtmication,
criminal justice, social work, criminology,
anthropology, health care, theology, and library
science, as well as for careers in teaching, business,
and fields related to the gradviate programs cited.
The department has a chapter of Alpha Kappa Delta,
the Sociological Honor Society. Also, the Gettysburg
Anthropological Society is a club for those interested
in anthropology. Majors are eligible for Harry C. and
Catherine Noffsinger Hartzell Award, the Holly
Gabriel Award, the Department Prize, and depart-
mental honors. The department emphasizes a
commitment to experiential education, field trips and
internships. Several majors serve as student repre-
sentatives to department faculty meetings in order to
provide a means for students to voice their concerns.

Requirements and Recommendations

Beginning with the class of 1998 the Sociology and
Anthropology Department will offer both a major in
sociology and a combined major in anthropology and
sociology. Students in the class of 1998 or later who
major in sociology will take a minimum of ten full-
credit courses. Before declaring a major, a student
must earn a grade of C- or better in Sociology 101,
Introductory Sociology. Students majoring in
Sociology must take Sociology 101, 302, 303, 306, and
400. They must also take one of the following
inequality cotirses: Sociology 202, 209, 217, and a
seminar in sociological theory, chosen from among
the following: Sociology 310, 311, 312, 313. The
remaining three courses are electives chosen from
among the sociology course offerings, excluding 450s
and 470s, and may include one anthropology course.

Students in the class of 1998 or later who select the
combined major in Anthropology and Sociology will
take a minimum of ten full-credit courses. Before
declaring a major, a student must have completed
one or more 100 level courses in the Department and
must have earned a C- or better in each such course.



Students must take Anthropology 103 and 105;
Sociology 101, 302 and 303; either Anthropology 308
or Sociology 306; and either Anthropology 400 or
Sociology 400. Students must also take three electives
in anthropology and sociology course offerings
except 450s and 470s. Students must have a minimum
of four courses in each discipline.

For students in the classes of 1996 and 1997, the
department offers a major with sociology and
anthropology tracks. The sociology track requires ten
full-credit courses. Before declaring a major, a
student must earn a grade of C- or better in Sociology
101, Introductory Sociology. Students in the sociology
track must take Sociology 101, 302, 303, 304, 305,
400, and Anthropology 103 (may substitute an upper-
level anthropology course which is not a culture-area
course with permission). Additionally, students will
take two elecdves from the following social process
and inequality courses: 202, 203, 208, 209, 210, 212,
213, 217, 231; and one elective from any other course
offered in sociology or anthropolog)', including 460,
but excluding 450s and 470s.

For the classes of 1996 and 1997, the department also
ofiFers an anthropology track. Students in this track
will take a minimum of ten courses. Students must
take Anthropology 103; one culture-area course
selected from Anthropology 211, 220, 224, 232, or a
currently offered course; one topics course selected
from Anthropology 215, 216, or 228; one additional
elective in Anthropology; and Anthropology 400 or
460. Students must also take Sociology 101, 302, 303,
304, and one elective from Anthropology 105,
Sociology 202, 203, 204, 206, 208, 209, 210, 212, or


Beginning with the class of 1998, students with a
major in sociology may minor in anthropology but
students with a combined major in anthropology and
sociology may not minor in the department.
Beginning with that class, the department will offer a
new anthropology minor. Six courses are required
for this minor. Students must take Anthropology 103
and 105; either Anthropology 308 or 400; and three
electives from anthropology course offerings (one of
these may be Anthropology 450s) .

Beginning with the class of 1998, six courses are
required for the minor in sociology. Students must
take Sociology 101, 302, and 304 or 306. The
remaining three courses must be chosen from
among Sociology course offerings, excluding 450s
and 470s.

Students in the classes of 1996 and 1997 who are not
majors in the department may minor in either
sociology or anthropology. For members of those
classes, the minor in anthropology requires six
courses. Students must take Anthropology 103.
Three additional courses must be elected from the
other anthropology offerings (one of these may be
Anthropology 450s, Individualized Study in
Anthropology) . One non-anthropology course must
be selected from the list of courses that fulfill the
non-Western culture distribution requirement. One
sociology course must be selected from the
following: 101, 202, 206, 208, 209, and 302.

For students in the classes of 1996 and 1997, six
courses are required for the minor in sociology.
Students must take Sociology 101, 302, and 304. The
remaining three courses may be elected from
departmental offerings, with the exception of
Sociology 450s, 470s; one or two of these three
elective courses may be courses in anthropology.


Sociology 101 is a prerequisite for most other
sociology courses except as noted in course
descriptions; most upper level anthropology courses
require either Anthropology 103 or Anthropology

In order to ensure adequate preparation for
Sociology 303, students must have completed
Sociology 302 with a grade of C- or better or have
the permission of the instructor before enrolling in
Sociology 303. Majors must have a background in
math through Algebra II or its equivalent in high
school or through the introductory mathematics
course at the college-level before enrolling in
Sociology 303.

Individualized Study

In response to varying needs, interests, and expertise
of individual students and staff members, the
department provides means for students to pursue
independent research and studies through
Anthropology 450s and 460, Sociology 450s and 460,
field work application or direct experience, and
other opportunities to expand specialized interests.
Anthropology 460 or Sociology 460 is a requirement
for departmental honors, and students who want to
be considered for honors should enroll in one of
these courses. Students interested in pursuing
honors should consult with a departmental faculty
member in the junior year.



Distribution Requirements

All full-credit departmental courses except Sociology
302 and 303 may be used to fulfill the distribution
requirement in social science. All courses in
anthropology may be used to meet the non-Western
culture distribution requirement.


103 Introduction to Social-Cultural Anthropology

Comparative study of human social and cultural
institutions, utilizing a series of ethnographies of non-
Western cultures and data from contemporary
American society. The concepts, methods, theories,
and history of the discipline will be discussed.

Mr. Curet, Mr. Loveland

105 World Prehistory and Human Evolution

Introduction to concepts and findings in archaeology,
prehistory, and human evolutionary biology. The
course examines the evolutionary history of humans
and cultural developments from the perspectives of
archaeology and physical anthropology. It explores
such topics as evolutionary theory, early hominids, the
evolution of modern humans, the appearance of
agriculture, and the development of civilization.

Mr. Curet

211 American Indians Introduction to the
traditional aspects of Native American cultures by
examples drawn from the major culture areas of the
Americas. The present-day situation of Native
Americans will be discussed. No prerequisite.

Mr. Loveland

215 Psychological Anthropology Examination of the
influence of culture in shaping the personality of the
individuals in non-Western societies. The course will
include the following topics: psychoanalytic theory,
dreams, cross-cultural research, socialization,
personality development, modal personality, mental
illness, and the effects of social change upon
personality. Ethnographic examples from a variety of
cultures will be utilized. Prerequisite: Anthropology

Mr. Loveland

216 Introduction to Medical Anthropology Study of
systems of belief and knowledge utilized to explain
illnesses in various cultures and attendant systems of
curing. Topics discussed include hallucinogens,
shamanism, curing, sorcery, witchcraft, herbal
medicines, and the modern American medical system.
Ethnographic examples are drawn from a variety of
cultures. Prerequisite: Anthropology 103.

Mr. Loveland

220 World Cultures Study of the cultures of Asia, the
Pacific, Africa, and Native, North, Central and South
America. Class will discuss ethnographies and films
about a variety of socio-economic types, including
foraging, horticultural, agricultural, and pastoralist
societies. No prerequisite.

Mr. Loveland

224 Native Peoples of the Circum-Caribbean

Examination of the social, cultural, economic, and
political experience of the different native peoples of
the Circum-Caribbean culture area. The course deals
with the archaeology, ethnohistory, and anthropology
of this region which includes the Greater and Lesser
Antilles, northeastern South America, and lower
Central America. Topics range from the settlement of
the area by the first groups such as the Arawaks and
Caribs, prehistoric cultural and social developments,
conquest and colonization of the region by
Europeans, and descriptions of conditions of modern
day native cultures.

Mr. Curet

228 Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Women, Sex
Roles, and Gender Examination of the position of
women, their interrelationship with men, the
assignment of male and female roles, and the
conceptualization of gender ideology in various
societies and cultures. The course will focus on broad
theoretical issues (e.g., biological vs. cultural
determinants; gender stratification and inequality; the
effects of social, cultural, and economic variables) as
well as a wide range of specific societal studies.
Prerequisite: Anthropology 103


232 Precolumbian Civilizations of Middle America

Overview of the pre-conquest cultures and civilizations
of Mexico and adjacent areas. Topics include a
general geographic and environmental descripdon of
the cultviral area of Mesoamerica, the peopling of the
region by early nomadic hunters-and-gatherers, the
beginning of agricultural villages, and the
development of high civilizations such as the Olmecs,
Teodhuacan, the Mayas, and the Aztecs. While the
course follows the cultural historv' of the different pre-
Hispanic cultures, there will also be discussion of the
different theories proposed for different social
processes such as the development of agriculture, the
development of social classes, and the rise and fall of
major centers and empires. No prerequisite.

Mr. Curet

308 Anthropological Theory Overview of
anthropological theory from an historical perspective.



This course will focus on the discussion of the main
schools of thought in anthropology, including
Cultural Evolution, Historical and Cultural
Materialism, Functionalism, Structuralism, and more
recent theoretical developments. Attention will be
directed to the way in which anthropological methods
integrate with theory. Prerequisite: Anthropology 103

Mr. Loveland, Mr. Curet

400 Anthropology Seminar Capstone experience in
anthropology. This seminar is devoted to introducing
anthropology students to the latest thinking in
anthropology. Building on an historical foundation,
this course will provide an overview of the field of
socio-cultural anthropology and current
anthropological thinking. In addition, some current
ethnographies will be read, and students will do
individualized projects in a seminar setting.
Prerequisite: Anthropology 103 and consent of the


450s, 470s Individualized Study Independent study
in fields of special interest outside the scope of
regular course offerings. The consent of the
department is required.


460 Research Course Individual investigation of a
research topic in anthropology in the student's
special area of interest under the guidance of a
faculty member. The topic must be approved by the
department. The project culminates in written and
oral presentations of a formal paper to the faculty.
This is required for departmental honors and is open
to juniors and seniors only. Students must submit a
proposal to the department a minimum of two weeks
before the end of the semester preceding the
proposed study.



101 Introductory Sociology Study of the basic
structures and dynamics of human societies, focusing
on the development of principles and concepts used
in sociological analysis and research. Topics will
include culture, socialization, social institutions,
stratification, and social change.


202 Wealth, Power, and Prestige Examination of
social ranking and rating systems. Topics include
social classes, social mobility, economic and political
power, and informal prestige and fame. Prerequisite:
Sociology 101.

Mr. Emmons, Ms. Heisler

203 World Population Examination of the
components of population composition (fertility,
mortality, and migration) to understand how they
interact to produce particular population structures
and population growth rates. The course emphasizes
the study of relationships between social and
demographic variables, and the consequences of
different population structures and population
growth rates for societies as a whole and for various
social groups. Special attention is given to the
relationship between population dynamics and public
policy decisions. Prerequisite: Sociology 101.

Ms. Floge

204 Sociology of Mass Media and Popular Culture

An analysis of broadcast and print media institutions.
Perspectives include the "production of culture,"
cultural content analysis, socialization effects, and
media coverage. A variety of popular culture genres,
both mass and folk, will be covered, with special
emphasis on music. Prerequisite: Sociology 101.

Ms. Pearce, Mr. Emmons

206 Sociology of the Family An analysis of the family
as a social institution. The course takes a comparative
and socio-historical approach to the study of
American families, and focuses on the ways that
families interact with and are shaped by other social
institutions, particularly the economy. Topics include
intra-family relations, work-family links, and family
policy. Prerequisite: Sociology 101.

Ms. Potuchek

207 Criminology Introduction to the sociological
study of crime. The course begins with a discussion of
criminal law and the extent of crime, and continues
with a comprehensive examination of police, courts,
and corrections. Theories of crime causation, criminal
behavior systems, and victimology are also examined.
Prerequisite: Sociology 101. Offered every other year.

Mr. Hinrichs

208 Community and Urban Life Study of
communities from a sociological perspective, with a
major emphasis on urban areas. Topics include
historical development of cities, development of
suburbs, urbanism as a way of life, city planning,
metropolitan dynamics, and urban problems.
Prerequisite: Sociology 101. Not offered regularly.

Mr. Hinrichs

209 Racial and Ethnic Relations Comprehensive
study of ethnic and minority relations. Theoretical
perspectives include immigration and assimilation,
prejudice and discrimination, and the structure of the



ethnic community. The study of African-American,
European-immigrant, and Asian-American
communities is emphasized. Prerequisite: Sociology 101.

Ms. Heisler, Mr. Emmons

210 Social Change Application of theories of social
change to contemporary trends and changing norms,
values, and expectations. Emphasis is on a critical
examination of recent changes in the economy and
political structure of U.S. society and on the
assessment of the efforts by social movements to
direct social change. Offered every other year.
Prerequisite: Sociology 101.

Ms. Gill

212 Sociology of Deviance Examination of the
concept of deviance and exploration of the various
sociological theories and perspectives for viewing
deviant phenomena. Sociological, biological, and
psychological theories of causation are examined.
There will be an in-depth analysis of alcohol and drug
use, variations in sexual behavior, pornography,
violence, child abuse, homelessness, and skid row.
Prerequisite: Sociology 101.

Mr. Hinrichs

213 Political Sociology Analysis of the role of power
in social and political institutions. Among the major
topics explored are the basis, distribution, and use of
power and authority; the relationship between
economic and political power; the origins of the
modern state; the conditions of democracy and
authoritarian rule; and the dynamics of social
movements and political change. Not offered every
year. Prerequisite: Sociology 101.

Ms. Heisler

217 Gender Inequality Examination of the patterns
of gender stratification in American social structures.
The course centers on the various forms of sexual
inequality in today's world, examining the positions of
women and men in families and occupations. Topics
include socialization, images of women in the media,
violence against women, and possibilities for change.
Prerequisite: Sociology 101.

Ms. Gill

219 Chinese Society Sociological and anthropological
analysis of China and Hong Kong. Major socio-cultural
themes in both traditional and modern systems are
examined, with special emphasis on religion, magic,
ancestor worship, politics, social class, cities, and
medicine. Prerequisite: Soc\o\o^ 101 or Anthropology
103. Fulfills the non-Western culture requirement.

Mr. Emmons

231 Self in Society Study of theories of social
psychology, methods of social psychological research,
the self, socialization, social roles, social relationships,
communication and group behavior. Emphases will
include group dynamics and differences in
male/female perceptions and social behaviors.
Readings will include theoretical works and will
emphasize classic and recent research in the field.
Prerequisite: Sociology 101.

Ms. Rosenberg

262 Social Development of Latin America

The formation of Latin American republics, focusing
upon the interplay between internal processes and
external influences. Students will examine the Latin
Americans' struggle for political and cultural
integration to overcome their colonial heritage and to
build national states. Same as LAS 262. No

Mr. Betances

267 Society and Politics in Latin America: A Case
Study of the Dominican RepubUc Study of the socio-
political evolution of the 19th and 20th century
Dominican Republic. This course will examine the
tension between dictatorship and democracy, the
changing economic patterns of Dominican life and
the influence of the U.S. military interventions of
1916-1924 and 1965-1967 on the modern Dominican
state. Same as LAS 267. No prerequisite.

Mr. Betances

271 Gay and Lesbian Studies I Introductory
examination of important issues underlying gay and
lesbian studies. In seminar format, discussion will
focus on homosexuality cross-culturally; the history of
the gay rights movement in American society and the
historical events that have shaped gay, lesbian and
bisexual identity; theories of sexuality; religion and
homosexuality; homophobia; the structure of the gay
and lesbian community, including issues related to
race and ethnicity; the "coming out" process; and
violence against gays and lesbians. No prerequisites.
One-half credit course. Alternates every other year
with Gay and Lesbian Studies II.

Mr. Hinrichs

272 Gay and Lesbian Studies II Further examination
of contemporary gay, lesbian and bisexual life styles
and the supporting social movement. In seminar
format, discussion will focus on society's response to
the emergence of a more visible gay and lesbian
community, the impact of AIDS on gays and lesbians,
constitutional and legal issues, gays and the military,
gays as parents, current radical movements such as



Queer Nation and ACT UP, and the interaction of
feminist theories and gay/lesbian/bisexual issues. No
prerequisites. One-half credit cotirse. Alternates every
other year with Gay and Lesbian Studies I.

Mr. Hinrichs

302 Sociological Research Methodology

Introduction to designing and assessing social science
research. The goal of this course is to develop the
student's ability to cridcally review and evaluate social
research findings and to prepare the student to plan
and carry out research. While greatest emphasis is
devoted to survey research, several qualitative and
quantitative designs are examined, including the
experiment, participant observation, and evaluation
research. Issues of sampling, measurement, causality,
and validity are considered for each technique.
Incltides laboratory. Prerequisite: Sociology 101. Does
not fulfill distribution requirement in social science.

Ms. Gill, Ms. Rosenberg

303 Data Analysis and Statistics Treatment of the
analysis and reporting of quantitative data. The logic
of data analysis; selection, vise, and interpretations of
statistical techniques; and use of the computer will
form the basis of the course. Includes laboratory.
Prerequisite: C- or better in Sociology 302 or consent of
the instructor. Does not fulfill distribution
requirement in social science.

Ms. Gill, Ms. Rosenberg

304 The Development of Sociological Theory

Critical survey of the origins and development of
modern theories of society in the late nineteenth and
early twentieth century. The primary focus is on
theories and theorists who have made significant and
lasting contributions to our systematic understanding
of the social world: Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim, Max
Weber, and George H. Mead. Prerequisite: Sociology

Ms. Heisler

305 Contemporary Sociological Theory Analysis of
post-World War II theoretical developments,
including functionalism, structural theory (Marxist
and non-Marxist varieties) , world systems theory,
exchange theory, network theory, phenomenology,
ethnomethodology, and feminist theories. Prerequisite:
Sociology 101.

Ms. Heisler

306 Introduction to Sociological Theory

Exploration of the nature of sociological theory and
the major theoretical orientations (paradigms). The
cotirse examines the origins and creation of these

paradigms in the I9th and early 20th century вАФ the
period of "classical sociology" and their development,
elaboration, and application in contemporary
sociology. Please note that a student may not receive
credit for both this course and Sociology 304.

Ms. Heisler

310 Seminars in Sociological Theory Examination
of a topic in sociology from a number of theoretical
perspectives. The emphasis is on gaining an in-depth
knowledge of the topic while also learning how
theoretical perspectives shape research and analysis.
Prerequisite: Sociology 304 or 306


311 Community and Urban Sociology Study of
communities from a sociological perspective, with a

Online LibraryL SeamanGettysburg College Catalog (Volume 1992/93-1995/96) → online text (page 115 of 126)