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Gettysburg College Catalog (Volume 1992/93-1995/96) online

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this friendship. Students will familiarize themselves
with particular mythologies and will try to understand
them from several critical viewpoints, and to
appreciate their connection with religious traditions.

Mr. Hammann



Sociology and Anthropology

Professors Emmons and Hinrichs (Chairperson)
Associate Professors Gill, Heisler, and Loveland
Assistant Professors Potuchek, Rosenberg, and

Instructor Lorenz
Adjunct Associate Professor Floge


Studies in the department are directed toward
understanding social organization and action and the
role of culture in shaping human behavior.
Reflecting the diversit)' of perspectives in sociology
and anthropology, the courses present a variety of,
sometimes-conflicting approaches. Some perspectives
start with individuals in interacdon with each other
and focus upon how they develop meaningful social
reladonships, groups, and insdtudons. Other
approaches focus upon the molding of individuals by
various insdtudons, groups, and cultures, or upon the
funcuonal or conflict relationships among various
classes and subcultures. By emphasizing the sciendfic
and comparative study of social institutions and
cultures, the department seeks to have students
develop an understanding of social realities, and to
increase their competence in dealing critically and
constructively with social problems and programs for
social change.

The department's goals are to contribute to the
liberal arts education at Gettysburg College, to
provide a solid academic foundation in sociology
and anthropology for students interested in graduate
study, to assist students in meeting their academic
and career needs, and to acquaint all students who
take our courses with sociological and
anthropological perspectives. The courses reflect the
diversity of perspectives in sociology as a discipline
and cover the core subject matter of the field.

Majors are prepared for graduate education in
sociology, urban planning, law, communication,
criminal justice, social work, criminology,
anthropology, health care, theology, and library
science, as well as for careers in teaching, business,
and fields related to the graduate programs cited.
The department has a chapter of Alpha Kappa Delta,
the Sociological Honor Society. Also, the Gettysburg
Anthropological Society is a club for those interested
in anthropology. The department emphasizes a
commitment to experiential education, field trips,
travel seminars, and internships. A Student-Facult)'

Liaison Committee operates within the department
to provide a means to respond to the particular needs
and interests expressed by the students.

Requirements and Recommendations

Sociology 101 is a prerequisite for all other sociolog)'
courses; and Anthropology 103 is considered a
prerequisite for all other anthropology courses
except Anthropology 102 and 104 and culture area
and ethnography courses (Anthropology 211 and
Anthropology 220, for example).

Students majoring in the department will take a
minimum of ten full-credit courses. Before declaring
a major, a student must earn a grade of C- or better
in Sociology 101, Introductory Sociology. Students
must take Sociology 101, 302, 303, 304, 305, 400, and
Anthropology 103 (may substitute an upper-level
anthropology course which is not a culture-area
course with permission). Additionally, students will
take two electives from the following social process
and inequality courses: 202, 203, 208, 209, 210, 212,
213, 217; and one elective from any other course
offered in sociology or anthropology, including 460,
but excluding 450's and 470's.

The department also offers an anthropology track.
Students in this track will take a minimum often
courses. Students must take Anthropology 103; one
culture-area course selected from Anthropology 21 1,
220, a currently offered course, or Sociology 219; one
topics course selected from Ajithropology 215, 216,
or 230; one additional elective in anthropology; and
Anthropology 400 or 460. Students must also take
Sociology 101, 302, 303, 304, and one elective from
Anthropology 102, 104, Sociology 202, 203, 204, 205,
206, 208, 209, 210, 212, or 217.

In order to ensure adequate preparation for Sociology
303, majors must have a background in math through
Algebra II or its equivalent in high school or through
the introductory mathematics course at the college-
level before enrolling in Sociology 303.

In response to varying needs, interests, and expertise
of individual students and staff members, the
department provides means for students to pursue
independent research and studies through Sociology
450 and 460, field work application or direct
experience, and other opportunities to expand
specialized interests. Sociology 460 is a requirement
for departmental honors, and students who want to
be considered for honors should enroll in this course.



Students who are not majors in the department may
minor in either sociology or anthropology. Six
courses are required for the minor in sociology.
Students must take Sociology 101, 302, and 304. The
remaining three courses may be elected from
departmental offerings, with the exception of
Sociology 450, 470; no more than two of these three
electives may be in anthropology.

Six courses are required for the minor in
anthropology. Students must take Anthropology 103.
Three additional courses must be elected from the
other anthropology offerings (one of these may be
Anthropology 450, Individualized Study in
Anthropology). One non-anthropology course must
be selected from the list of courses that fulfill the
non-western culture distribution requirement. One
sociology course must be selected from the
following: 101, 202, 206, 208, 209, and 302.

Distribution Requirements

All full-credit departmental courses except Sociology
302 and 303 may be used to fulfill the distribution
requirement in social science. Sociology 219 and all
courses in anthropology except Anthropology 102
may be used to meet the non-Western culture
distribution requirement.

101 Introductory Sociology

Study of the basic structures and dynamics of human
societies, focusing on the development of principles
and concepts used in sociological analysis and
research. Topics will include culture, socialization,
social institutions, stratification, and social change.


202 Wealth, Power, and Prestige

Examination of social ranking and rating systems.

Topics include social classes, social mobility,

economic and political power, and informal prestige

and fame. Prerequisite: Sociology 101.

Mr. Emmons

203 World Population

Examination of the components of population
composition-fertility, mortality, and migration to
understand how they interact to produce particular
population structures and population growth rates.
The course emphasizes the study of relationships
between social and demographic variables, and the
consequences of different population structures and
population growth rates for societies as a whole and
for various social groups. Special attention is given to

the relationship between population dynamics and
public policy decisions. Prerequisite: Sociology 101.

Ms. Floge

204 Sociology of Mass Media and Popular

An analysis of broadcast and print media institutions.
Perspectives include the "production of culture,"
cultural content analysis, socialization effects, and
media coverage. A variety of popular culture genres,
both mass and folk, will be covered, with special
emphasis on music. Prerequisite: Sociology 101.

Mr. Emmons

205 Sociology of Religion

Examination of the relation of religion and society.

Topics include definitions and theories of religion,

sociological analysis of historical and contemporary

religious groups, religious organization and

behavior, religion and morality, religion and social

change, sectarianism, and secularization. Prerequisite:

Sociology 101.

Mr. Woolwine

206 Sociology of the FamUy

An analysis of the family as a social institution. The
course takes a comparative and socio-historical
approach to the study of American families, and focuses
on the ways that families interact with and are shaped
by other social institutions, particularly the economy.
Topics include intra-family relations, work-family
links, and family policy. Prerequisite: Sociology 101.

Ms. Potuchek

207 Criminology

Introduction to and delineation of the field of
criminology. The course begins with a discussion of
criminal law and the extent of crime, and continues
with a comprehensive examination of police, courts,
and corrections. Theories of crime causation, criminal
behavior systems, and victimology are also examined.
Prerequisite: Sociology 101. Offered every other year.

Mr. Hinrichs

208 Community and Urban Life

Study of communities from a sociological

perspective, with a major emphasis on urban areas.

Topics include historical development of cities,

development of suburbs, urbanism as a unique way

of life, city planning, metropolitan dynamics, and

urban problems. Pr^^'^um^.' Sociology 101.

Not offered regularly.

Mr. Hinrichs



209 Racial and Ethnic Relations

Comprehensive study ot ethnic and minority relations.
Theoretical perspectives include immigration and
assimilation, prejudice and discrimination, and the
structure of the ethnic community. The study of
African-American, European-immigrant, and Asian-
American communities is emphasized. Prerequisite:
Sociology 101.

Mr. Emmons

210 Social Change

Application of theories of social change to
contemporary trends and changing norms, values,
and expectations. Emphasis is on a critical
examination of recent changes in the economy and
political structure of U.S. society and on the
assessment of the efforts by social movements to
direct social change. Prerequisite: Sociology 101.

Ms. Gill

212 Sociology of Deviance

Examination of the concept of deviance and
exploration of the various sociological theories and
perspectives for viewing deviant phenomena.
Sociological, biological, and psychological theories
of causation are examined. There will be an in-depth
analysis of alcohol and drug use, variations in sexual
behavior, pornography, child abuse, homelessness,
and skid row. Prerequisite: Sociology 101.

Mr. Hinrichs

213 Political Sociology

Analysis of the role of power and of political
mstitutions in social systems. Marxian, elitist, pluralist,
and systems theories of the bases, distribution, and
uses of power will be examined, along with studies of
power relationships in organizations, communities,
nations, and international relations. Attempts to
change power relationships by mobilizing new bases of
power and legitimacy are examined. Not offered every
year. Prerequisite: SocioXo^ 101.

Ms. Heisler

217 Gender Roles and InequaUty

Examination of the patterns of gender stratification
in American social structures and the impact of sex
roles on interpersonal interaction. The course
centers on the various forms of sexual inequality in
today's world, examining the positions of women
and men in families, schools, occupations, and
politics. Topics include socialization, historical and
crosscultural variation in sex roles, and possibilities
for change. Prerequisite: Sociology 101.

Ms. Gill

218 Sociology of Work and Organizations

Analysis of economic, social, and organizational
aspects of the American workforce. Topics include
industrialization and the historical development of
the American occupational structure, alienation and
its solutions, social organization of work, career
patterns and development, and the future of work and
workers in America. Special attention is given to the
organization of occupational groups along class lines
and changes in the workplace affecting this historical
stratification of work. fV^r^^uwi/^.- Sociology 101.

Ms. Gill, Ms. Heisler

219 Chinese Society

Sociological and anthropological analysis of China
and Hong Kong. Major socio-cultural themes in both
traditional and modern systems are examined, with
special emphasis on religion, magic, ancestor worship,
politics, social class, cities, and medicine. Prerequisite:
Sociology 101 or Anthropology 103. Fulfills the non-
Western culture requirement.

Mr. Emmons

231 Self In Society

A study of humanistic work in the field of social
psychology. Topics include the origin and structure
of the self, social roles, the life world as experienced,
the reality of everyday life, notions of sincerity and
bad faith, and differences in male/female perceptions
of self and morality. Writings will include both
feminist works and traditional philosophic works.
Among the latter are included Nietzsche, Sartre, and
Mead. Prerequisite: Sociology 101.

Mr. Woolunne

271 Gay and Lesbian Studies

Examination of contemporary lifestyles of gays and
lesbians and the suppxirting social movement In seminar
format, discussion will focus on the significant historical
events underiying the movement and shaping gay and
lesbian identity, the structure of die gay and lesbian
subculture, current issues facing gays and lesbians, and
society's response to die emergence of a more visible gay
and lesbian community. No prerequisites. Half<redit
course. Offered every other year.

Mr. Hinrichs

273 Sociology and Everyday Life

Exploration of the commonplace, the exotic, and the
offbeat aspects of everyday social life in American
society. Topics to be discussed will be determined
primarily by the interests of students in the class.
Areas of research can range from the sociology of the



environment, prisons, and organizational behavior to
the sociology of rock music, auctions, and death. The
ultimate goal of the course is to help students
understand their society and sociology by applying
the sociological perspective to everyday social life.
Prerequisite: Sociology 101. Half-credit course.

Mr. Hinrichs

400 Seminar

Intensive culminating experience for sociology-track

majors. Under the direction of a member of the

department faculty, students will work to integrate

their major and their understanding of the

sociological perspective.


302 Sociological Research Methodology

Introduction to designing and assessing social
science research. The goal of this course is to
develop the student's ability to critically review and
evaluate social research findings and to prepare the
student to plan and carry out research. While
greatest emphasis is devoted to survey research,
several qualitative and quantitative designs are
examined, including the experiment, participant
observation, and evaluation research. Issues of
sampling, measurement, causality, and validity are
considered for each technique. Includes laboratory.
Prerequisite: Sociology 101. Does not fulfill
distribution requirement in social science.

Ms. Gill, Ms. Rosenberg

303 Data Analysis and Statistics

Treatment of the analysis and reporting of
quantitative data. The logic of data analysis, statistical
techniques, and use of the computer will form the
basis of the course. Includes laboratory. Prerequisite:
Sociology 302. Does not fulfill distribution
requirement in social science.

Ms. Gill, Ms. Rosenberg

304 The Development of Sociological Theory

Critical survey of the origins and development of
modem theories of society in the late nineteenth and
early twentieth century. The primary focus is on
theories and theorists who have made significant and
lasting contributions to our systematic understanding
of the social world: Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim, Max
Weber, and George H. Mead. Prerequisite: Sociology 101.
Ms. Heisler, Mr. Woolwine

305 Contemporary Sociological Theory

Analysis of post-World War II theoretical
developments, including functionalism, structural
theory (Marxist and non-Marxist varieties) , world
systems theory, exchange theory, network theory,
phenomenology, ethnomethodology, and feminist
theories. Prerequisite: Sociology 101.

Ms. Heisler, Mr. Woolwine

450, 470 Individualized Study

Independent study in fields of special interest, including
internships, outside the scope of regular course
offerings. The consent of the department is required.


460 Research Course

Individual investigation of a research topic in

sociology or anthropology in the student's special area

of interest under the guidance of a faculty member.

The topic must be approved by the department. The

project culminates in written and oral presentations of

a formal paper to the faculty. This is required for

departmental honors and is open to juniors and

seniors only. Students must submit a proposal to the

department a minimum of one month before the end

of the semester preceding the proposed study.



102 Introduction to Human Evolution

An introduction to evolutionary history of our
species modern Homo sapiens. Topics to be covered
include evolutionary theory; primatology;
paleoanthropology, including human physical and
cultural remains; human genetics; racial variation;
and adaptation to varied environments. Does not
fulfill the non-Western culture requirement.

Mr. Lorenz

103 Introduction to Social-Cultural Anthropology

Comparative study of human social and cultural
institutions, utilizing a series of ethnographies of
non-western cultures and data from contemporary
American society. The concepts, methods, theories,
and history of the discipline will be discussed.

Mr. Loveland, Mr. Lorenz

104 Archaeology of the Prehistoric World

Survey of ancient sites discovered around the world,
using archaeological methods and theories to
examine problems and issues in prehistory. The
course introduces students to the principles of
archaeological research, while tracing our
prehistoric heritage and the processes that led to the



evolution of settled villages, agriculture, and
eventually ciNilization. Lecture topics range from
early African human ancestry to the European Stone
Age, and from Mesopotamia and Eg)pt to Mexico,
Peru, and the United States.

Mr. Lorenz

211 American Indians

Introduction to the traditional aspects of Native
American cultures by examples drawn from the
major culture areas of the Americas. The present-day
situation of Native Americans will be discussed. No

Mr. Loveland

215 Psychological Anthropology

Examination of the influence of culture in shaping
the personality of the individuals in non-Western
societies. The course will include the following
topics: psychoanalytic theory, dreams, cross-cultural
research, socialization, personality development,
modal personalitv', mental illness, and the effects of
social change upon personalit)'. Ethnographic
examples from a variety of cultures will be utilized.
Prerequisite: Ai\thro\io\o^' 103.

Mr. Loveland

216 Introduction to Medical Anthropology

Study of systems of belief and knowledge utilized to
explain illnesses in various cultures and attendant
systems of curing. Topics discussed include
hallucinogens, shamanism, curing, sorcery,
witchcraft, herbal medicines, and the modern
.American medical system. Ethnographic examples
are drawn from a variet)' of cultures. Prerequisite:
Anthropology- 103.

Mr. Loveland

220 World Cultures

Studv of the cultures of Asia, the Pacific, Africa, and
Native, North, Cenu-al and South America. Class will
discuss ethnographies and films about a variety of
socio-economic types, including foraging,
horticultural, agricultural, and pastoralist sociedes.
No prerequisite.

Mr. Loveland

229 Sport and Society

.Aji introduction to the field of sport from a social
science perspective. .-After a brief overview of the
literature on play and leisure, we will examine the
role of sports and leisure in other societies such as
the Rama and Pueblo Indians, Trobriands, the

Cherokee, and Kickapoo and Tarahumara. In the
last part of the course we will examine the role of
sports in American society, looking at factors such as
class, gender, and ethnicity' as they affect American
sports. Prerequisite: Anthropology 103 or Sociology-
101. Not offered regularly.

Mr. Loveland

230 New World Archaeology
Introduction to the prehiston- of the New World,
focusing on North .\merica. This course will focus
on the setdement patterns and cultural
developments of New World peoples. Topics to be
discussed include peopling of the New World,
subsistence systems, material culture, economy and
trade, socio-polidcal organization, and religious
systems using archaeological data.

Mr. Lorenz

400 Anthropology Seminar

Capstone experience in anthropology-. This seminar is
devoted to introducing anthropology students to the
latest thinking in anthropology. Building on an
historical foundation, this course will provide an
ovenieyv of die field of socio-cultural andiropology-
and current anthropological thinking. In addition,
some current edinographies yvill be read, and students
yvill do indiyidualized projects in a seminar setdng.

Mr. Loveland

450, 470 Individualized Study

Independent study in fields of special interest
outside the scope of regular course offerings. The
consent of the department is required.

Mr. Loveland

460 Research Course

Indiyidual invesdgadon of a research topic in sociology
or anthropology in die student's special area of
interest under the guidance of a facult>- member. The
topic must be approved by the department The
project culminates in yvritten and oral presentadons of
a formal paper to die facult)-. This is required for
departmental honors and is open to juniors and
seniors only. Suidents must submit a proposal to the
deparunent a minimum of one month before the end
of the semester preceding the proposed study.

Mr. Loveland




Professor Thompson

Associate Professors Burgess (Chairperson) and

Assistant Professors Diaz, Luengo, Nanfito, Vinuela,

Yager, and Zielina
Instructors Moreno and Sanchez
Adjunct Assistant Professor Wirth
Adjunct Instructors Elorriaga, Hubbard, and Moore
Teaching Assistant Rosa


The ability to speak and understand a language
other than one's own, and to have insight into the
artistic and cultural heritage of other peoples of the
world, is considered an integral part of a liberal arts
education. The department, through a strong core
of basic courses, gives students facility in the use of
spoken and written Spanish and some knowledge of
its literature and cultural history. The oral-aural
method of modern language teaching is stressed in
the classroom. Laboratory facilities in the Library
Learning Center and other audio-visual equipment
complement classroom instruction. Regular
laboratory work will be required of some students
and advised for others.

Advanced-level courses in literature and civilization are
designed to give students an understanding and
appreciation of the literature and cultures of the
Hispanic peoples. Students are encouraged to study in
a Spanish-speaking country, and opportunities are
offered through study abroad programs with
approved colleges and through cooperative
agreements with the Center for Cross-Cultural Study,
Seville, Spain, and the Foreign Student Study Center at
the University of Guadalajara in Guadalajara, Mexico.

Courses in the department provide sound
preparaUon for graduate study, teaching, or careers
in government, business, or social work. The
department works cooperatively with the education
department in the preparation of Spanish teachers.
Since the largest minority group in the United States
is Spanish speaking, the department feels that a
knowledge of Spanish and an understanding of the
Hispanic cultures is of increasing importance.

Requirements and Recommendations

Requirements for a major in Spanish include ten
courses above the 300 level. Course requirements are
Spanish 301 and 302 (except for students who
demonstrate an exceptional command of the Spanish

language and petition the department to be
exempted from this requirement), Spanish 304, three
other 300 level literature courses, Spanish 400, and
one civilization course. Other courses for the major
are elective. Spanish majors must spend one semester
studying abroad in a program approved by the
department. (Students with extensive previous
experience living or studying abroad may pedtion the
department to be exempted from this requirement.)

Requirements for a minor in Spanish include six

Online LibraryL SeamanGettysburg College Catalog (Volume 1992/93-1995/96) → online text (page 20 of 126)