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Cloud had quite upset him.

This very morning he had suffered the application of
thirty leeches, and though the loss of so much blood ought
to have weakened him, he was in no degree more com-
posed, because his nerves were strongly agitated, and he
had not slept for three days. However, about seven in
the evening, after taking some mutton broth, he threw
himself upon the sofa in my apartment, and fell fast
asleep. The night soon drew on, I was left in darkness,
and, fearing to wake my husband, I was resting in an
armchair by his side, without any lights. My head
began to nod; the strong and regular, but monotonous
breathing of Junot gradually sent me to sleep also.

Suddenly I heard a quick step on the little staircase



AN UNEXPECTED VISIT. 221

I
which led from the breakfast-room into the court. Accus-
tomed to watching by a sick-bed, I was on foot in an in-
stant, and heard Heldt, the first valet-de-cliambre, running
upstairs and calling, " Madame ! madame ! "

A light struck upon my still half -closed eyes, a well-
known voice effectually roused me, and the First Consul
appeared.

" Good-evening, Madame Junot ; you did not expect
me, I imagine ; well, where is your dying patient ? "

As he spoke, he entered the small cabinet which served
as an anteroom between Junot 's apartments and mine,
and in which Andoche had just been sleeping.

" Well, M. Junot, what is the matter with you, then ?
Hey ? What does this fever mean ? Well, what are you
ciying for, great baby ? Ay, I shall mimic you presently
myself. " Here he pulled his ears and his poor nose,
pinched his cheeks, and lavished all his expressions of
favour on him. Junot meanwhile was suffocating; I
perhaps never knew him so deeply affected. He took the
First Consul's two hands alternately, pressed them to his
bosom, and looked at him with an expression of affection.
He could not speak. He next took the hand of the
good Duroc — who had accompanied the First Consul
candle in hand — that excellent friend, whom for some
time he misunderstood, but who never ceased to be the
truest and most valuable of his brothers-in-arms.

" I imagine you are no longer ill, " said the First Consul,
taking the chair I had been offering him ever since he
came in. " Hey ! hot-brain ? "

He was scarcely seated before he stood up again, and
began walking round the room, saying :

" Ah ! so this is what they call your palace ; I should
be glad to see it : they all tell me it is a marvel and a
folly ; but this room seems simple enough. "

Hereupon he went into Junot's room and his cabinet,



222 MEMOIRS OF THE DUCHESSE D'ABRANT4:S.

then returned and passed into my apartment. " Ah ! ah !
so this is the sanctuary, " said he, in a tone of kindness,
though rather banteringly. " But what the devil is this ?
Do these happen to be your grandmothers ? "

" They are not even relations, General, " I replied.
" It is a piece of Junot's gallantry, who chose to orna-
ment my room with portraits of all the celebrated
females of antiquity and of the last century ; he was
willing that I should not be too humble in my character
of a woman. "

" Oh ! he might have dispensed with the portrait-gallery
for that purpose. But he was right not to admit into it
the women of the present day, for all pretend to be
celebrated ; it is the folly of all countries. "

He continued to walk on as he talked ; while I looked
at him with attention, and a smile which I could not
wholly suppress. At first he did not remark this, but in
the end guessed the cause, which was the singular style
of his costume, always absolutely laughable, when he
assumed the dress of a private citizen. From what cause
I can scarcely tell, but all the illusion of glory which
surrounded him could not make his appearance imposing
when not attired in military uniform. It might arise
from his being wholly unaccustomed to this undress ; but
at all events he was totally different in it, even in its
very eccentricity, from other men. On this occasion his
great-coat was of superfine cloth, and his hat was a remark-
ably fine beaver, but it was still of the same unfashionable
make, and was set on the head in the same peculiar
manner, with the difference only from his former appear-
ance, that his hair was not powdered, and the curls had
disappeared.

" Well, M. Junot, " said he, after having made the tour
of my apartments, the only portion of the house yet
furnished, " I hope this little journey round your domains



A RECONCILIATION. 223

has quite cured you ? " Junot seized tlie hand which the
First Consul presented to him, pressed it between both
his, and wept without answering. At this moment he
was neither the man of strong mind nor the courageous
soldier, but a feeble child. " To prove that you are quite
cured, " continued the First Consul, " you will breakfast
with me to-morrow at Saint Cloud. Good-night, my old
friend. Adieu, Madame la Commandante. "

We attended him to the street door. No one knew
that the First Consul was in our house ; he had imposed
silence upon Heldt, the only one of our servants who had
seen him ; and it is well known that Napoleon was not
one of those persons who might be disobeyed. He was
right in his privacy; the knowledge of his visit would
but have created jealousies. He had crossed the Tuileries
on foot, and at the entrance of the Champs-Elys^es a
chaise, or sort of cabriolet drawn by two horses, which
Duroc generally used, was waiting for him.

Junot slept badly that night ; his mind was so ardent
that happiness and sorrow were equally inimical to his
bodily health. He was, however, quite recovered the
next morning, went to Saint Cloud, and returned per-
fectly enchanted. But a new storm was already threaten-
ing. Fouch^, whose rank should have made him the
friend, as he was the equal of his brother-in-arms, but
who was, in fact, his most active enemy, and the more
dangerous because unsuspected, took advantage of the
extreme irritability of Junot's character, to which it was
so easy to give a sinister colouring.



CHAPTEE XX.



It was some time after the adventure whicli I have just
related that the rapture with England took place. False-
hoods of all kinds have been written upon this subject;
there are many persons who, breaking the idol which
they worshipped for fifteen years, do not now hesitate to
tell us that his fatal ambition caused all our losses ; that
he despised treaties, and violated that of Amiens, because
he hated Mr. Pitt. Without doubt he was desirous of
invading England. Wlio would attempt to deny it ? But
he wished to do it at a convenient time. Yes, in truth,
he wished to set foot on the island. He had too many
accounts to settle with haughty England to be backward
in hostility towards her; but he was not insane; and
General Soult was preparing at Boulogne an army for a
Continental war, rather than for crossing the Straits.

The treaty was broken by England : her Carthaginian
faith destroyed the parchment which promised alliance
while the heart breathed nothing but war. The First
Consul was apprised of the intentions of the Cabinet of
St. James's. He held himself on the defensive, and took
every precaution. Is this deserving of reproach? No.
It was the great Condd's axiom, that a great captain
might be beaten,- but ought never to be surprised. When,
therefore, the reiterated messages of the King of England
to his Parliament in the winter of 1803, and the ha-
rangues of his ministers in the same Parliament, spoke



KUPTURE WITH ENGLAND. 225

of war as if the cannon had already sounded, is it to be
wondered that the First Consul, whom France had just
charged more solemnly than ever with her interests,
should watch over those interests with increased solici-
tude ? He asks conscripts of the Senate, ^ because the
Kincf of England has organized the militia of his king-
dom; he sells Louisiana to the United States, because
the capture of our ships, without any declaration of war,
announces that a new war is about to break out, and that
money will be wanted to prosecute it.

Lord Whitworth quitted Paris about the 15th of March,
1803. The greatest uneasiness reigned among the English
who remained there. ^ Junot, then Commandant of the
capital, was desirous that its tranquillity should be as
well attested as its splendour; he redoubled his cares.
His daily reports and those of the Comte Dubois, the
Prefect of the Police, and charged with the civil, as
Junot was with the military, superintendency of the city,
contained nothing alarming; but there were men who
urged Kapoleon upon a career which threatened to be
fatal to him ; and one of them commenced even at that
time those odious manoeuvres which pressed upon the
Emperor like the anathema of Providence. I am about
to raise a corner of a curtain, behind which are hidden
numerous facts connected with the rupture with England.
I know them, and ought to speak out. Many English
people are still living who will understand me ; and I
have been assured by the Duchess of Devonshire herself
(then Lady Elizabeth Foster), and by many others, that
my information was correct.

The rupture was now complete ; camps were formed on

1 One hundred and twenty thousand conscripts were granted by the
Senate during the month of April, 1803.

2 Naturally, as they were on the point of being seized and treacher-
ously made prisoners in the time of peace.

VOL. III. — 15



226 MEMOIRS OF THE DUCHESSE D'ABRANTfeS.

the borders of Picardy and Normandy, and everything
they required had been effected with the rapidity of
lightning. General Mortier was sent to Hanover, and
Junot, to whom his absence occasioned a great increase
of labour, devoted himself to it with all the ardour with
which it was his nature to serve the First Consul, whom
he conceived to be, in the present instance, chiefly con-
cerned. One morning, at five o'clock, the day having
scarcely dawned, an order arrived for Junot to attend the
First Consul; he had been at work till four o'clock, and
had just retired to bed, but was obliged to rise and proceed
immediately to Malmaison. I waited breakfast for him,
but he did not return ; and at ten o'clock a horse chasseur
of the Consular Guard arrived with a note for the aide-de-
camp on duty, demanding to have the daily report in-
stantly transmitted. My husband did not return till five
in the evening. It will be seen that the sitting had been
long ; it had been more stormy still.

When Junot reached Malmaison, he found the First
Consul with a ruffled countenance, contracted features,
and every indication of one of those terrible agitations
which could not be witnessed without trembling. " Junot,"
said he to his aide-de-camp, as soon as he saw him, " may
I reckon upon you as my friend ? Yes or no ? no evasion. "
" Yes, General. " " Well, then, you must instantly take
measures for arresting all the English, without excep-
tion, in an hour's time. The Temple, Montaigu, La
Force, the Ahhaye, there will be room in the prisons, and
they must all be confined. Their Government must be
taught that if it l^reaks the faith of treaties, confiding in
its island entrenchments for impunity, it may at least be
punished in that- which it commits to the guardianship
of an enemy who owes it no fealty ! That perfidious
Cabinet refuses to surrender Malta ! and gives for reason"
— passion here checked his utterance, and he was com-



OHDEE TO AREEST ALL THE ENGLISH D^ PARIS. 227

pelled to stop to take breath — " they give for reason that
Lucien has by my order influenced the Court of Spain to
dissolve the Spanish priories, and that by the terms of the
treaty the island is to be given up only on the entire
reconstruction of the Order. ^ And, moreover, Junot,
would you believe that this power, always wily, always
hostile, now pretends to take exception to the Treaty of
Amiens, averring that its stipulations were founded upon
the respective circumstances of the contracting parties at
the time of its signature ? " Then, drawing Junot to his
desk, he put into his hands two letters, importing in effect
all that he had just been saying.

Junot was thunderstruck, not because the rupture with
England was announced; it was foreseen; it had even
been known some days. But these letters contained what
might be construed into an excuse of the terrible mea-
sure which Napoleon had commenced. He, to whose
orders he never made an objection ; he, who might have
said to him, " Junot, give me your life, " and it would
have been given, now required of him — commanded him
to perform an act from which his sense of honour as much
as the liberal principles in which he had been educated
revolted. He stood motionless and silent. The First
Consul waited some time for an answer, but, seeing
Junot's attitude, he proceeded as if he had not even
required one, and as if an interval of ten minutes had
not elapsed.

" This measure must be executed by seven o'clock this
evening. I do not choose that the most insignificant
theatre or the lowest restaurateur of Paris should this
evening see an Englishman in its boxes or at his tables. "
" General, " said Junot, recovering himself, " you are
aware of my devoted attachment to your person and to
your interests. It is this very devotedness which makes

1 That of the Knights of St. John.



228 MEMOIRS OF THE DUCHESSE D'ABRANTES.

me hesitate to obey, without supplicating you, General,
to take some hours for reflection upon the measure which
you wish me to execute. " Junot, while representing to
the First Consul that he considered this measure likely to
prove injurious to his interest and his glory, did so with
all the deference which his conviction of Napoleon's
superiority in all things could not fail to inspire. The
First Consul bent his brow as he listened, and when
Junot ceased speaking, exclaimed :

" Again ! what ! is the scene of the other day to be re-
newed ? Lannes and you take strange liberties. Even
Duroc, with his tranquil air, thinks himself licensed to
preach to me. But, by heavens, gentlemen ! I will let
you see that I can put my cap on the wrong way. Lannes
has found it out already, and, I suspect, is not much
delighted with eating oranges at Lisbon. For yourself,
Junot, do not trust too much to my friendship. The day
when I shall doubt yours will destroy mine." Deeply
hurt at being misunderstood : " Is it not at this moment, "
replied Junot, " that I am giving you the greatest possible
proof of my attachment? Is it just to talk thus to me?
Ask for my blood . . . ask for my life . . . you are
master of all that is mine . . . but to command a thing
which must — "

" Well, " said the First Consul ; " pray proceed. What
should happen to me because I return to a faithless
Government the insults it heaps upon me ? " " It does
not become me, General, to decide how far our conduct
may be correct, but I am sure that if it should be other-
wise, it is because you are fascinated by men who give
you none but mischievous advice, leading you to acts of
severity. " " Whom are you speaking of ? " Junot at
first made no answer ; he knew who the persons were who
merited this character, but to accuse was repugnant to his
noble heart. . . . The First Consul, however, pressed.



THE FIRST CONSUL'S BAD ADVISERS. 229

and Junot at length mentioned the names which were
most publicly and violently animadverted upon as evil
advisers. The First Consul walked as he listened, and
appeared absorbed in thought.

" Fouch^, " said Junot, " is my personal enemy. It is
not, however, from hatred towards him that I now speak,
for I hate no one. Moreover, I am just; I am willing
to allow to Fouch^ all his merits. He has talent, but he
serves you. General, in a fashion which your friends would
not like to adopt. He assumes, for instance, towards the
emigrants, and the inhabitants of the Faubourg Saint
Germain, the appearance of indulgence, and that, as he
declares, in spite of the danger which he runs of losing
your favour in so doing. I, who know there is no truth
in this insinuation — what can I think of it ? But this
is not all : I may also say that you are often excited to a
severity foreign to your character, by reports in which
there is little or no truth. With respect to other per-
sonages, one of whom. General, is near to your ear, and
the other to your hand, to receive whatever falls from it,
I shall say but one word. Duroc watches, like them,
over your safety ; well, General, receive his reports. . . .
They are those of an honest man — an honourable soldier ;
they contain facts. "

" Nevertheless, these men are devoted to me ; one of
them said the other day : ' If the First Consul should
order me to kill my father, I would obey. ' " The First
Consul, as he spoke, cast a sidelong glance of observation
upon Junot, who immediately replied : " I know not,
General, what extent of attachment is proved by suppos-
ing you capable of commanding a son to kill his father ;
but that is of little importance, for if a man is unfortu-
nate enough to possess such feelings, he is not likely to
proclaim them. "

Above two years afterwards the First Consul, then Em-



230 MEMOIRS OF THE DUCHESSE D'ABRANXfeS.

peror Napoleon, in speaking to me of this scene, after my
return from Portugal, told me that he was at this moment
on the point of embracing Junot, so courageous was the
position he had taken up in thus resisting him, his
General, his Chief, a man all-powerful, in thus even
risking his existence. " For, in fact, " added the Em-
peror, smiling, " I am not very gentle when in a passion
— you know that, Madame Junot ? "

With respect to my husband, his conversation, or rather
dispute, with the First Consul, proceeded in warm terms.
He even reminded Napoleon that at the departure of the
Ambassador, Lord Whitworth, solemn assurances of
security had been given to the English who remained
at Paris. " There are old men, women and children
amongst them. General, and many who desire your
welfare ! ^ These are chiefly merchants — for the upper
classes have nearly all left Paris. The injury which
detention may do them is immense and irremediable.
Oh ! it is not for you, whose great and noble soul is
capable of all good, to confound a generous nation with
a perfidious Cabinet. Are they necessarily identified ? "

" Perhaps they should be, " replied the First Consul in
a gloomy tone ; " but I am neither wicked nor headstrong.
It is possible you may be right. However," and going
to his desk he took from it a paper which he read, again
and again, several times, then, giving it to Junot, " read
this report, " said he, " and answer at peril of your head

1 The number of English who at this period had a high admiration
for Bonaparte was immense. Mrs. Wilmot, who was well known in
Paris at this time, was an instance of the enthusiasm to which this
admiration was sometimes carried : she kept men in pay purposely to
inform her when he went to any of the theatres ; thither she hastened,
and, by dint of money, always succeeded in placing herself opposite to
him. This lady was a relation of Mr. Pitt, and did not sacrifice her
feelings to the ties of blood; she was rich, in the prime of life, and had
a husband and five children, who all shared in her sentiment for Napoleon.
Lady Caroline Grenville was equally infatuated with him.



COLONEL GREEN DENOUNCED. 231

— as you affect to say — answer me as you value your
head, that persons holding such opinions can, without
danger to myself, be suffered to remain at large at
Paris. "

Junot, while listening to the First Consul, read the
paper which he had put into his hand. He was first
struck by its absurdity, but next, and chiefly, by its
flagrant falsehood. It was then he requested the First
Consul's permission to send for the report of the day, in
which he hoped to find something to refute this calum-
nious document, and he was not disappointed; Junot
insisted that the First Consul should cause inquiries to
be made into the matter.

An important fact was asserted, for it described a man
having dined at a certain house, and having, when flushed
with wine, used expressions insulting to the First Consul,
and even committed himself so far as to speak of a new
form of government, to which the death of a single person
might lead ; this happy state of things, which the half-
inebriated Englishman wished to favour us with, we had
already known, or rather forgotten, for it was the regency
of the Duke of Bedford. And this is what they had the
hardihood to call a report. But the most singular, or
the blackest, part of the business was, that this English-
man was a friend of Junot — a Colonel Green, who, you
are to observe, was an enthusiastic admirer of Napoleon.
It was the same with Sir Sidney Smith ; while the enemy
of the First Consul, or rather of General Bonaparte, he
admired him with his whole heart, and Junot, who under-
stood this generous homage, loved him for it.

All this Junot represented to the First Consul, who
said in reply : " Your language is persuasive enough, but
out of all these sayings and gainsayings I gather that
you and Madame Junot have a mania for associating
with persons who hate me. If this was not well known



232 MEMOIRS OF THE DUCHESSE D'ABRANTilS.

to be the case, such words would not be imputed to your
friends. "

" I am ignorant, General, " said Junot, " whether
Colonel Green may or may not have uttered the words
assigned to him by this report, though I will pledge my
head that he would not so much as have imagined them ;
but it is your pleasure that this point should be con-
sidered doubtful. I shall therefore confine myself to a
refutation of the calumny by one material fact, which
is, that to have held this conversation the day before
yesterday, otherwise the 1st of May, after having drunk
five bottles of Sillery, which, upon the face of it, is
impossible, it is at least necessary that he should have
been at the time in Paris, which city Colonel Green
quitted on the 17th of April for London, whither he
was called by important business. "

The First Consul looked all astonishment. " His
countenance would have amused me, " said Junot, " had
the occasion been less serious. " Gazing on his aide-de-
camp with a very peculiar expression, he repeated : " He
is not in Paris ! " " He is not. General, and have the
goodness to remark that this is not a mistake of a name,
or an accident attributable to carelessness ; it is an inten-
tional error: the multiplicity of details by which the
name is surrounded proves this, even if they had not
added that he is my friend ! " Here, with a furious oath,
he proceeded : " Nothing more is wanting but to have
made me a party to this execrable feast, where they
wished, as at that of Atreus, to drink blood. "

This scene Junot related to me many times, and de-
scribed his emotion as so violent at this point that Napo-
leon came to him, took his hands, pressed them, spoke
kindly to him, and at length restored him to calmer
feelings. The result of this long conference, in which,
towards the end, Cambacdrfes took part, was that the



RESULT OF JUNOT'S REMONSTRANCES. 233

English should have certain towns for prisons, so long
as they remained peaceable. " For, " said the First
Consul, " I only treat them according to the rules of
national law : they are prisoners of war. "

Seeincj that Junot was astonished at this declaration :
" Yes, " he added, " prisoners of war ; do they not form
a portion of the English militia ? " Junot was about to
reply that the English militia is a national and not a
military institution, and would avail nothing in favour
of the individual who should claim the rights of war as
the proprietor of a militia epaulette ; but he had prevailed
in obtaining a relaxation of the measure of actual im-
prisonment, and this victory appeared to him sufficient
for the present. The fact of Colonel Green's alibi con-
tributed greatly towards that victory ; Napoleon was no
tyrant, had no evil dispositions, and when unclouded
truth and reason reached his ear, it was seldom denied
access. He was violently irritated against the man who
had so grossly abused his confidence. He made much
use of him nevertheless, raised him to a high rank ; but
I know, and know it too directly and positively to admit
a doubt, that he nevek esteemed him.

As for Junot, his own conduct this stormy morning,
honourable as it was, operated to his prejudice, through
those outspoken expressions which were too apt to escape
him in momentary warmth of feeling. His opinion,
offered with the frankness of a soldier who respects his


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