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THE



WORKS



LAURENCE STERNE;



CONTAINING

THE LIFE AND OPINIONS

or

TRISTRAM SHANDY, GENT.,



;ENTIMENTAL journey through trance and ITALY,
SERMONS, LETTERS, &c.



A LIFE OF THE AUTHOR,

WRITTEN BY HIMSELF.



X^



LONDON:
HENRY G. BOHN, YORK STREET, CO^ ENT GARDEN.

WDCCCLIil.



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5-7 n) 2^



V7



CONTENTS,



rAGE

A'-tvertisement 1

Lite and Family of Sterne 3

Lines in memory of Jlr. Sterne, Author of the Sentimental Journey g

Character and Eulogiura of Sterne and his writings 10

LIFE AND OPINIONS OF TRISTRAM SHANDY 13



W*«f!ni^TIMENTAL JOURNEY.



PAGE

Calais. 397

The Monk, Calais 3P8

The Desob'igeant, Calais 4()0

Psref.ice in the Desobligeant 401

C"liis 404

111 the Street. Calais 40 '>

The Remise- Door, Ca/cTis 4fl6

The Snuff-box, Calais 4'!8

The Remise-Door, Calais 409

In the Street, Calais 410

The Remise, Ca/a/s 4U

'J'lie Remise-Door, C«/a(S 412

The Remise, C«Za!S 413

In the Street, Calais ih.

Mnntriul 415

A Fragment 418

Montriul \ ib.

The Bidet 420

The Dead Ass, Nampcnt 42 1

The Postillion, iVaw2/)«H^ 422

Amiens 423

The Letter, Amiens 425

Paris 427

The Wig, Paris 428

The Pulse, Paris 429

The Husband, Paris 430

The Gloves, Paris 431

The Translation, Paris 432



The Dwarf, Paris 4:14

The Rose, Juris 4;jjj

The Fille de Chambre, Paris 4ij

The Passport, Paris 440

The Psis^pcTt, the Hotel at Paris 4U

The Captive 44?

The Starling:, Road to Versailles 4-1 1

The Address, Versailles 445

Le Pati?sier, Verxailles 446

The Sword, Rennes 448

The Passport, Versailles 449

Character, Versailles 454

'l"he Temptation, Paris 455

The Conquest 457

The Mystery, Paris {/>.

The Case of Conscience, Paris 453

The Riddle, Paris 460

Le Dimanche, Pam 461

The Fragment, Paris 462

The Fragment and the Bouquet, Paris 465

1 he Act of Charity, Paris 466

The Riddle Explained, Paris 467

Paris 4fi8

Maria, Moulines 470

The Bourbonnois 473

The Supper ib.

The Grace 474

The Case of Delicacy 475



SERMONS.



I. — Inquiry after Happiness 481

n.— i'he House of Feasting and the House

of Jlourning considered 486

in.— Philanthropy Recommended 492

IV. — Self-Knowledge 499

V. — p]lijah and the Widow of Zarephath .... 505
VI. — Pharisee and Publican in the Temple .. 515

VII. — Vindication of Human Nature 521

VIII.— Time and Chance 526

IX.— The Character of Herod 531

X. — The Shortness and Troubles of Life .... 537

XI. — Evil-Speaking 544

XII. — Joseph's History considered; — For-

giveness of Injuries 550

XIII. — Duty of setting Bounds to our Desires 557

XIV. — Self-Examination 562

XV. — Job's Expostulation with his wife 567

XVI. — The Character of Shimei 673

XVII. — Case of Hezekiah and the Messengers 57s

XVIII. — The Levite and his Concubine 584

XIX.— Felix's Behaviour towards Paul 590

XX.— The Prodigal Son 5y6

XXI. — National Mercies considered 6^-1

XXII -The History of Jacob considered .... 607



sRRMOx nam

XXIII.— Parable of the Rich Man and Lazarus 613

XXIV. — Pride 620

XXV. — Humility 628

XXVI — Advantages of Christianity to the world 632
xxvii. — The Abuses of Conscience considered 638
XXVIII.— Temporal advantages of Religion .. 646

XXIX. — Our Conversation in Heaven 650

XXX.— Description of the World 655

XXXI. — St. Peter's Character 66O

XXXII. — Thirtieth of January 668

XXXIII 673

XXXIV.— Trust in God 6/8

XXXV 684

XXXVI. — Sanctity of the Apostles 689

XXXVII. — Penances 693

XXXVIII. — On Enthusiasm 6P9

XXXIX. — Eternal Advantages of Religion .. 706

XL. — Asa. — A Thanksgiving Sermon 711

XLi. — Follow Peace 714

XLii — Search the Scriptures 720

XLIII 725

xLiv. — The Ways of Providence justified

unto Man 7fl0

XLV. — The Ingratitude of Israel 798



CONTENTS.



LETTERS.



LBTTBB PAOB

I.— To I\ri89 L 744

II — To the same ib.

III. — To the same 745

IV.— To the same ib.

»•.— To Mrs. F 746

VI.— To Dr. ****** ib.

VII. — To David Garrick. Esq 747

vm.— To S G .Esq 748

IX.— To the same id.

X. — To Dr. Warburton, Bishop of Gloucester. . 749

XT.— To the Rev. Mr. Sterne ih.

XII.— To my witty widow, Mrs. F 75"

XIII. — To S C , Esq ib.

X!V. — To the same 751

XV.— To the same ib.

XVI . — To the same 752

XVII.— To J^ — H S , Esq. ib.

xviii. — To the same 733

XIX.— To Lady 754

XX. — To David Garrick, Esq ib.

XXI.— To Lady D 755

XXII. — To David Garrick, Esq 16.

XXIII. — To the same ib.

XXIV.— To Mrs. Sterne, York 756

XXV. — To the same ib.

XXVI. — To the same 757

XXVII. — To the same ib.

XXVIII. — To the same 758

XXIX.— To Ladv D 759

XXX.— To Mr. E ib.

XXXI.— To J H S , Esq ib.

XXXII. — To Mr. Foley, at Paris 760

XXXIII.— To J H" S , Esq 76I

XXXIV.— To Mr. Foley, at Paris 762

XXXV. — To the same ib.

XXXVI. — To the same ib.

XXXVII. — To the same ib.

XXXVIII. — To the same 763

XXXIX. — To the same ib.

XL. — To the same ib.

XLi. — To the same 764

XLii. — To the same ib.

XLUi. — To the same ib.

XLiv. — To the same ib.

XLV. — To the same 765

XLVi.— To Mrs. F ib.

XLVii. — To Mrs. Sterne ib.

XLViii. — To Mr. Foley 766

XLix.— To J H — S , Esq ib.

u. — To the same ib.

LI. — To Mr. Foley, at Paris 767

LI I . — To the same ib.

Liii.— To J H S , Esq ib.

LI v.— To Mr. Foley, at Paris 768

LV. — To David Garrick, Esq ib.

Lvi. — To the same 769

LVii. — To Mr. Foley ib.

LViii.— To Mr. W ib.

Lix.— To Mr. Foley, at Paris 770

LX. — To the same ib.

Lxi. — To Mr, Panchaud, at Paris ib.

LX!i.— To the same ib.

Lxui. — To the same 771

Lxiv.— To the same ib.

Lxv. — To Miss Sterne ib.

Lxvi.— ToJ H S , Esq ib.

Lxvii.— To Mr. Foley, at Parii 772



LBTTKH F48R

Lxvin. — To ]\rr. Panchaud, at Paris Ti*

Lxix— To J H S , Esq lA.

Lxx. — To Mr. Panchaud, at Paris 773

LXXi.- To Mr. S ib.

Lxxii.— To Mr. Panchaud, at Paris ib.

Lxxiii. — To Mr. Foley, at Paris ib.

LXXI v.— To Mr. Panchaud ib.

Lxxv. — From Ignatius Sancho to Mr. Sterne.. 774
Lxxvi. — From Mr. Sterne to Ignatius Sancho ib.

Lxxvii— To Mr. W 77S

Lxxviii. — To Mr. Panchaud, at Paris ib.

Lxxix. — To Mis.s Sterne ib.

Lxxx. — To Mr. Panchaud, at Paris 778

Lxxxi. — Jo Eliza ib.

Lxxxii. — To the same ib.

Lxxxiii.— To the same ib.

Lxxxiv. — To the same 777

Lxxxv. — To the same 77^

Lxxxvi. — To the same ib.

Lxxxvii. — To the same 7/9

LXXXVI 1 1. — To the same 780

Lxxxix. — To the same ib,

xc. — To the same 781

xci. — To Miss Sterne 78i

783

I*.

ib.

ib.
784

t*.
785



-To Lady P-



XCII

xciii. — To Mr. and Mrs. J

xciv. — To Ignatius Sancho .. ..

xcv.— To the Earl of S .,

xcvi.— To J. D n, Esq. .

xcvii.— To J H S —

xcviii. — To A. L e, Esq.

xcix. — To the same



-, Esq.



c. — To Ignatius Sancho ib.

ci.— To Mr. and Mrs. J 78t

cii. — To Mr. Panchaud, at Paris ib.



Esq.



cm. — To Mr. and Mrs. J

CIV.— To J H S-

cv. — To Mr. and Mrs. J tO,

cvi. — To Miss Sterne ib.

cvii.— To Sir \V 788

cviii. — To the same ib.

cix. — To Mr. Panchaud, at Paris 789

ex. — To Mr. and Mrs. J ib.

CXI.— To Mrs. F ib.

cxii.— To Mrs. H ..

cxiii. — To Mr. and Mrs. J —

cxiv.— To Mrs. H ..

cxv. — To A. L e, Esq



79('

ib.

ib.

ib.
791

ib.

ib.
792

ib.
793

I*.

ib.



cxvi.— To the Earl of

cxvii. — To his Excellency Sir G M ..

cxviii. — To A. L e, Esq

cxix.— To J H S , Esq

cxx. — To Mr. and Mrs . J

cxxi . — To the same

cxxii.— To the same

cxxiii. — To the same

cxxiv. — From Dr. Eustace, in America, to the

Rev. Mr. Sterne, with a Walking Stick ib.

cxxv. — Mr. Sterne's Answer 794

cxxvi.— To L S n, Esq ib.

cxxvii. — To Miss Sterne ib.

cxxviii. — To Mrs. J —
cxxix.— To ****•*****.
cxxx. — To the same ...
cxxxi.— To ****



795

ib.

796

797

cxxxii.— From S. P. to Mr. B., containing an

Impromptu ib.



The Ftt.gmtat



799 I The Kittory of a good warm Watch coat, &:c.



mo
. 80i



ADYERTISEMENT.



The Works of Mr. Sterne, after contending with the prejudices
of some, and the ignorance of others, have at length obtained
that general approbation that they are entitled to by their vari-
ous, original, and intrinsic merits. No writer of the present
times can lay claim to so many unborrowed excellencies. In
none have wit, humour, fancy, pathos, and unbounded know-
ledge of mankind^ and a correct and elegant style, been so hap-
pily united. These properties, which render him the delight of
every reader of taste, have surmounted all opposition : — even
Envy, Prudery, and Hypocrisy are silent.

Time, which allots to each author his due portion of fame,
and admits a free discussion of his beauties and faults, without
favour and without partiahty, hath done ample justice to the
superior genius of Mr. Sterne. It hath fixed his reputation as
one of the first writers in the English language, on the firmest
basis, and advanced him to the rank of a classic. As such, it
becomes a debt of gratitude to collect his scattered perform-
ances into a complete edition.

The present edition comprehends all the Works of Laurence
Sterne, either made public in his lifetime, or since his death.
They are printed from the best and most correct copies, with no
other alterations than what became necessary from the correc-
tion of literal errors ; and the Letters are arranged according
to their several dates, as far as they can be discovered.
Those which are confessedly spurious are rejected ; and, that
no credit may be given to such as are of doubtful authority, it
will be proper to observe that those numbered 129, 130, 131,
have not the proofs of authenticity which the others possess.
They cannot how^ever be pronounced forgeries with so much



2:*\: :': .*•*; '.•' *: : ..: /Abv^RTisEMEXT,

confidence as some* which are discarded from the present
edition may be, and therefore are retained in it.

That no part of the genuine works of Mr. Sterne might be
omitted, his own account of himself and family is inserted with-
out variation. But as this appears to have been a hasty com-
position, intended only for the information of his daughter, — a
small number of facts and dates, by way of notes, are added to
it. These, it is presumed, will not be considered as improper
additions.

It would be trespassing on the reader's patience, to detain him
any longer from the pleasure which these volumes will afford,
by bespeaking his favour either for the author or his Vv^orks : —
the former is out of the reach of censure or praise ; and the re-
putation of the latter is too well established to be either sup-
ported or shook by panegyric or criticism. To the taste, there-
fore, the feeling, the good sense, and the candour of the public,
the present collection of Mr, Sterne's Works may be submitted,
without the least apprehension that the perusal of any part of
them will be followed by consequences unfavourable to the
interests of society. The oftener they are read, the stronger
will a sense of universal benevolence be impressed on the mind ;
and the attentive reader will subscribe to the character of the
author given by a comic writer, who declares he held him to be
" a moralist in the noblest sense ; he plays indeed with the fancy,
and sometimes, perhaps, too wantonly ; but, while he thus de-
signedly masks his main attack, he comes at once upon the
heart; refines, amends it, softens it; beats down each selfish
barrier from about it, and opens every sluice of pity and
benevolence."

• See the Preface to a work published in 1779, intituled, " Letters supposed to
have been written by Yorick to Eliza."



Mtmoit^



LIFE AND FAMILY



OF THE LATE



REV. LAURENCE STERNE,



WRITTEN BY HIMSELF.



Roger STERNE* (grandson to Archbishop Sterne), Lieutenant
in Handiside's regiment, was married to Agnes Hebert, widow of a
Captain of a good family. Her family name was (I believe) Nuttle ; —
though, upon recollection, that was the name of her father-in-law, who
was a noted sutler in Flanders, in Queen Anne's wars, where my father
married his wife's daughter (N. B. he was in debt to him), which was on



* Mr. Sterne was descended from a family of that name in Suffolk, one of which
settled in Nottinghamshire. The following genealogy is extracted from Thoresby's
Ducatus Leodinensis, p. 215.



Simon Sterne, of Mansfield.
I



Dr. Richard Sterne,

Archbishop of York,

ob. June 1683.



|1

Richard Sterne,

of York and

Kilvington,

Esq. 1700.



; Elizabeth, daughter
of Mr. Dikinson,
ob. 1670.



2 I 3

William Sterne Simon Sterne, = Mary, daughter and
of Mansfield. of Elvington heiress of Roger

and Halifax, Jaques, of Elving-

ob. 1703. ton, near York.



11
Richard,

Riciiard.



Roger.



|4
Mary.



Jaques, ll.d.
ob. 1759.

LAURENCE STERNE.



Elizabeth.



16
Frances.



The Arms of the family, says Guillam, in his book of Heraldry, p. 77, are, Or, a
chevron between three crosses flory, sable. The crest, on a wreath of his colours:
a starling proper.

Trifling circumstances are worthy of notice, when connected with distinguished
characters. The arms of Mr. Sterne's family are no otherwise important than on
account of the crest having afforded a hint for one of the finest stories in " The
Sentimental Journey."

b2



4.''. .'.*•*.• r ••• : : ..Im'smoirs of the lips

September 25, 1711, old style. This Nuttle had a son by my grand-
mother, — a fine person of a man, but a graceless whelp! — what became
of him I know not. The family (if any left) live now at Clonmel, in the
south of Ireland ; at which town I was born, November 24, 1713, a few
days after my mother arrived from Dunkirk. — My birth - day was
ominous to my poor father, who was, the day of our arrival, with many-
other brave ofiicers, broke, and sent adrift into the wide world, with a
wife and two children ;— the elder of which was Mary. She was born
at Lisle, in French Flanders, July 10, 1712, new style. This child was
the most unfortunate: she married one Wemans, in Dublin, — who
used her most unm.ercifully ; spent his substance, became a bankrupt,
and left my poor sister to shift for herself; which she was able to do but
for a few months, for she went to a friend's house in the country, and
died of a broken heart. She was a most beautiful woman,— of a fine
figure, and deserved a better fate. The regiment in which my father
served being broke, he left Ireland as soon as I was able to be carried,
Tvith the rest of his family, and came to the family-seat at Elvington,
near York, where his mother lived. She was daughter to Sir Roger
Jaques, and an heiress. There we sojourned for about ten months, when
the regiment was established, and our household decamped with bag and
baggage for Dublin. Within a month of our arrival, my father left us,
being ordered to Exeter ; where, in a sad w'inter, my mother and her
two children followed him, travelling from Liverpool, by land, to
Plymouth. — (Melancholy description of this journey, not necessary to
be transmitted here.) — In twelve months we were all sent back to
Dublin. My mother, with three of us (for she lay in at Plymouth of a
boy, Joram), took ship at Bristol, for Ireland, and had a narrow escape
from being cast away, by a leak springing up in the vessel. At length,
after many perils and struggles, we got to Dublin. There my father
took a large house, furnished it, and in a year and a half's time spent
a great deal of money. In the year one thousand seven hundred and
nineteen, all unhinged again ; the regiment was ordered, with man}'
others, to the Isle of Wight, in order to embark for Spain in the
Vigo expedition. We accompanied the regiment, and were driven
into Milford Haven, but landed at Bristol ; thence, by land, to
Plymouth again, and to the Isle of Wight ; — where, I remember, we
stayed encamped some time before the embarkation of the troops (in
this expedition, from Bristol to Hampshire, we lost poor Joram, — a
pretty boy, four years old, of the small-pox) : my mother, sister, and
myself, remained at the Isle of Wight during the Vigo expedition, and
until the regiment had got back to Wicklow, in Ireland ; whence my
father sent for us. — We had poor Joram's loss supplied, during our
stay in the Isle of Wight, by the birth of a girl, Anne, born September
the twenty-third, one thousand seven hundred and nineteen. — This
pretty blossom fell, at the age of three years, in the barracks of Dublin :
she was. as I w^ell remember, of a fine delicate frame, not made to
last lonjr, — as were most of my father's babes. We embarked for
Dublin, and had all been cast away by a most violent storm ; but,
through the intercessions of my mother, the captain was prevailed upon
to turn back into Wales, where we stayed a month, and at leng^th got
into Dublin, and travelled by land to Wicklow ; where my father had
for some weeks given us over for lost. — We lived in the barracks at
Wicklow one year (one thousand seven hundred and twenty), when



OF THE REV. MR. STERN K. 5

Devijeher (so called after Colonel Devijeher) was born ; thence we de-
camped to stay half a year with Mr. Fetherston, a clergyman, about
seven miles from Wicklow ; who, being a relation of my mother's, invited
us to his parsonage at Animo. — It was in this parish, during our stay,
that I had that wonderful escape in falling through a mill-race whilst
the mill was going, and of being taken up unhurt : the story is
incredible, but known for truth in all that part of Ireland, where hun-
dreds of the common people flocked to see me. Hence we followed
the regiment to Dublin, where we lay in the barracks a year. In this
year (one thousand seven hundred and twenty-one) I learnt to write,
6cc. The regiment ordered in twenty-two to Carrickfergus, in the north
of Ireland. We all decamped ; but got no further than Drogheda ; —
thence ordered to MuDengar, forty miles Avest, where, by Providence,
we stumbled upon a kind relation, a collateral descendant from Arch-
bishop Sterne, who took us all to his castle, and kindly entertained us
for a year, and sent us to the regiment at Carrickfergus, loaded with
kindnesses, &c. A most rueful and tedious journey had we all (in
March) to Carrickfergus, where we arrived in six or seven days. Little
Devijeher here died ; he was three years old : he had been left behind at
nurse at a farm-house near Wicklow, but was fetched to us by my fattier
the summer after : — another child sent to fill his place, Susan. Thi?
babe too left us behind in this weary journey. The autumn of that year,
or the spring afterwards (I forget which), my father got leave of his
colonel to fix me at school, which he did near Halifax, with an abie
master; with whom I stayed some time, till, by God's care of me, my
cousin Sterne, of Elvington, became a father to me, and sent me to
the university, &c. To pursue the thread of our story, my father's
regiment was, the year after, ordered to Londonderry, where another
sister was brought forth, Catherine, still living; but most unhappily-
estranged from me by my uncle's wickedness and her ow^n folly. From
this station the regiment was sent to defend Gibraltar, at the siege,
where my father was run through the body by Captain Phillips, in a
duel (the quarrel began about a goose !) ; with much diflB:culty, he sur-
vived, though with an impaired constitution, which was not able to
withstand the hardships it was put to ; for he w^as sent to Jamaica,
■where he soon fell by the country fever, which took away his senses first,
and made a child of him ; and then, in a month or two, Avalking about
continually without complaining, till the moment he sat down in an
arm-chair, and breathed his last, which was at Port Antonio, on the north
of the island. My father was a little smart man, active to the last degree
in all exercises, most patient of fatigue and disappointments, of which it
pleased God to give him full measure. He was, in his temper, somewhat
rapid and hasty, but of a kindly sweet disposition, void of all design j
and so innocent in his own intentions that he suspected no one ; so that
you might have cheated him ten times in a day, if nine had not been
sufficient for your purpose. My poor father died in March, 1731. I
remained at Halifax till about the latter end of that year, and cannot
omit mentioning this anecdote of myself and schoolmaster : — he had the
ceiling of the school-room new white-washed ; the ladder remained there :
I one unlucky day mounted it, and wrote with a brush, in large capital
letters, LAU. STERNE, for which the usher severely whipped me. My
master was very much hurt at this, and said, before me, that never
should that name be effaced, for I was a boy of genius, and he was sure



6 MEMOIRS OF THE LIFE

that I should come to preferment. — This expression made me forget the
stripes I had received. — In the year thirty-two* my cousin sent me to
the university, where I staid some time. 'Twas there that I commenced

a friendship with Mr. H , %vhich has been lasting on both sides. I

then came to York, and my uncle got me the living of Sutton : and, at
York, I became acquainted with your mother, and courted her for two
years: — she owned she liked me; but thought herself not rich enough,

or me too poor, to be joined together. — She went to her sister's in S ;

and I wrote to her often. — I believe then she was partly determined to
have me, but would not say so. — At her return she fell into a consump-
tion ; and one evening that I was sitting by her, with an almost broken
heart to see her so ill, she said, " My dear Laurey, I never can be yours,
for I verily believe I have not long to live ! but I have left you every
shilling of my fortune." — Upon that she shewed me her will. — ^This
generosity overpowered mc. — It pleased God that she recovered, and I
married her in the year 1741. t My uncle and myself were then upon
very good terms ; for he soon got me the Prebendary of York ;— but he
quarrelled with me afterwards, because I would not write paragraphs in
the news-papers : — though he was a party man, I was not, and detested
such dirty work, thinking it beneath me. From that period he became
my bitterest enemy. | — By my wife's means, I got the living of
Stillington : a friend of hers in the south had promised her that, if she
married a clergyman in Yorkshire, when the living became vacant, he
would make her a compliment of it. I remained near twenty years at
Sutton, doing duty at both places. I had then very good health. Books,
§ painting, fiddling, and shooting, were my amusements. As to the Squire
of the parish, I cannot say we were upon a very friendly footing : but at

Stillington, the family of the C s shewed us every kindness : 'twas

most truly agreeable to be within a mile and a half of an amiable family,
who were ever cordial friends. In the year 1760, I took a house at York
for your mother and yourself, and w^ent up to London to publish H my
two first volumes of Shandy.** In that year Lord Falconbridge pre-

* He was admitted of Jesus College, in the university of Cambridge, 6th July
1733, under the tuition of Mr. Cannon.
Matriculated 29th March 1735.
Admitted to the degree of B.A. in January 1736.
Admitted M.A. at the commencement of 1740.

+ Jaques Sterne, LL.D. He was Prebendary of Durham, Canon Residentiary,
Precentor and Prebendary of York, Rector of Rise, and Rector of Hornsey cum
Riston, both in the East Riding of the county of York. He died .Tune 9th, 1759.

J It hath, however, been insinuated that he for some time wrote a periodical
electioneering paper at York, in defence of the Whig interest. — Montbiy Review,
vol. 53, p. 344.

§ A specimen of Mr. Sterne's abilities in the art of designing may be seen in
Mr.Wodhul's poems, 8vo. 1772.

II The first edition was printed in the preceding year at York.

** The following is the order in which Mr. Sterne's publications appeared :

1747. The Case of Elijah and the Widow of Zarephath considered. A charity
Serjiion preached on Good-Friday, April 17, 1747, for the support of two charity-
schools in York.

1750. The Abuses of Conscience. Set forth in a Sermon preached in the cathedral
church of St. Peter, York, at the summer assizes, before the Hon. Mr. Baron Clive,



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