Lawrence John Lumley Dundas Zetland.

An Eastern miscellany online

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JAPAN AND KOREA.

TERMS OF THE ANNEXATION.

The following is the official text of the Japanese pro-
clamation annexing Korea, together with the Treaty
concluded between the two countries : —

Notwithstanding the earnest and laborious work of
reform in the administration of Korea, in which the
Governments of Japan and Korea have been engaged for
more than four years since the conclusion of the Agree-
ment of 1905, the existing system of government in that
country has not proved entirely equal to the duty of
preserving public order and tranquillity ; and in addition,
the spirit of suspicion and misgiving dominates the whole
peninsula.

In order to maintain peace and stability in Korea, to
promote the prosperity and welfare of Koreans, and at
the same time to ensure the safety and repose of foreign
residents, it has been made abundantly clear that funda-
mental changes in the actual rigime of government are
absolutely essential. The Governments of Japan and
Korea, being convinced of the urgent necessity of intro-
ducing reforms responsive to the requirements of the
situation and of furnishing sufficient guarantee for the
future, have, with the approval of his Majesty the
Emperor of Japan and his Majesty the Emperor of Korea,
concluded, through their respective plenipotentiaries, a



420 AN EASTERN MISCELLANY.

treaty providing for complete annexation of Korea to
the Empire of Japan. By virtue of that important act,
which shall take effect on its promulgation on August
29, 1910, the Imperial Government of Japan undertake
the entire government and administration of Korea, and
they hereby declare that the matters relating to foreigners
and foreign trade in Korea shall be conducted in accordance
with the following rules : —

1. Treaties hitherto concluded by Korea with foreign
Powers ceasing to be operative, Japan's existing treaties
will, so far as practicable, be applied to Korea. Foreigners
resident in Korea will, so far as conditions permit, enjoy
the same rights and immunities as in Japan proper, and
the protection of their legally acquired rights subject in
all cases to the jurisdiction of Japan. The Imperial
Government of Japan are ready to consent that the
jurisdiction in respect of the cases actually pending in
any foreign Consular Court in Korea at the time the
Treaty of Annexation takes effect shall remain in such
Court until final decision.

2. Independently of any conventional engagements
formerly existing on the subject, the Imperial Govern-
ment of Japan will for a period of ten years levy upon
goods imported into Korea from foreign countries or
exported from Korea to foreign countries and upon
foreign vessels entering any of the open ports of
Korea the same import or export duties and the same
tonnage dues as under the existing schedules. The same
import or export duties and tonnage dues as those to
be levied upon the aforesaid goods and vessels will also
for a period of ten years be applied in respect of goods
imported into Korea from Japan or exported from Korea
to Japan and Japanese vessels entering any of the open
ports of Korea.

3. The Imperial Government of Japan will also permit
for a period of ten years vessels under flags of the Powers
having treaties with Japan to engage in the coasting



APPENDIX IV. 421

trade between the open ports of Korea and between those
ports and any open port of Japan.

4. The existing open ports of Korea, with the exemp-
tion of Masampo, will be continued as open ports, and
in addition Shiwiju will be newly opened so that vessels,
foreign as well as Japanese, will there be admitted and
goods may be imported into and exported from these
ports.

The Treaty.

His Majesty the Emperor of Japan and his Majesty
the Emperor of Korea, having in view the special and
close relations between their respective countries, desiring
to promote the common weal of the two nations and to
assure permanent peace in the Extreme East, and being
convinced that these objects can be best attained by the
annexation of Korea to the Empire of Japan, have resolved
to conclude a treaty of such annexation, and have for that
purpose appointed as their plenipotentiaries, that is to say,
hi? Majesty the Emperor of Japan, Viscount Masakata
Terauchi, his Resident - General, and his Majesty the
Emperor of Korea Ye Wan Yeng, his INIinister President
of State, who upon mutual conference and deliberation
have agreed to the following articles : —

Article I. — His Majj^sty the Emperor of Korea makes
complete and permaiient cession to his Majesty the
Emperor of Japan of all rights of sovereignty over the
whole of Korea.

Article II. — His Majesty the Emperor of Japan accepts
the cession mentioned in the preceding article and consents
to the complete ainiexation of Korea to the Empire of
Japan.

Article III. — His Majesty tlie Emperor of Japan will
accord to their Majesties the Emperor and ex-Emperor
and his Imperial Highness the Crown Prince of Korea
and their consorts and heirs such titles, dignities, and
honours as are appropriate to their respective ranks, and



422 AN EASTERN MISCELLANY.

sufficient annual grants will be made for the maintenance
of such titles, dignities, and honours.

Article IV. — His Majesty the Emperor of Japan will
also accord appropriate honour and treatment to the
members of the Imperial House of Korea and their heirs
other than those mentioned in the preceding article, and
funds necessary for the maintenance of such honour and
treatment will be gi*anted.

Article V. — His Majesty the Emperor of Japan will
confer peerages and monetary grants upon those Koreans
who, on account of meritorious services, are regarded as
deserving such special recognition.

Article VI. — In consequence of the aforesaid annexation
the Government of Japan assume the entire government
and administration of Korea, and undertake to afford
full protection for the person and property of the Koreans
obeying to the laws there in force and to promote the
welfare of all such Koreans.

Article VII. — The Government of Japan will, so far
as circumstances permit, employ in the public services
of Japan in Korea those Koreans who accept the new
regime loyally and in good faith and who are duly qualified
for such services.

Article VIII. — This treaty, having been approved by
his Majesty the Emperor of Japan and his Majesty the
Emperor of Korea, shall take effect from the date of its
promulgation.

In faith thereof, &c.



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Online LibraryLawrence John Lumley Dundas ZetlandAn Eastern miscellany → online text (page 24 of 24)