Leo Tolstoy (graf).

The Asiatic journal and monthly register for British and foreign ..., Volume 9 online

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us regular reports of all such examina-



6tb. Applications having been made
from some of our officers in this country
for an increase of the pensions granted
to them in proportion to the advanced
rank they have received, conformably with
a regulation adopted in Ids Majesty's ser-
vice, we have to inform you that that
regulation has been discontinued iu his
»jje*ty*s service, as you will observe on
perusal of the circular letters of the Se-
cretary at War, dated 30th June and 25th
August, I&17, of which we herewith
transmit you copies.

fth- And being of opinion, that all the*
ofoumstanees of our service duly consi-
dered; especially the advantage* dcri red
by rfeCtaapeayr officers from the liberal



m

allowances they receive lit addition to
their pay, the pensions granted, or to be
granted to our officers under the regula-
tion which adcompanied our dftpatch of
the 20th March, 1815, are sufficient iu
amount, we do trot think proper to accede
to the reeommendatioii contained in 257MI
and 258th paras, ; of our letter of the
29th December, 1815, for au augmenta-
tion of those pension*.

Two circulars referred to in the 3d pa-
ragraph.

Circular, No. 362.— War-Office, 30th
June, 1817.— -The Prince Kegeut,
having taken iuto consideration tbe
rules under which pensions are grant*
ed to officers wounded iu his Majes-
ty's service, and especially the regu-
lation promulgated by the second pa-
ragraph of the circular letter from
this department, No. 287, His Royal
Highness has been pleased to order
that the pensions which may be grant-
ed to officers for wounds received
subsequently to tue24fh June, 1817,
shall be coufined to the rate attached
to the rank which the officer held at?
the time when he was wounded,
and shall not be augmented progress
sively according to the rank to which
such officer may from time to time
be promoted.

Circular, No. 373.— Referring to No.
362. His royal highness the Prince
Regent having takeu into bis further
consideration the regulation concern-
ing pensions granted for wounds,
has been pleased to order that from
this date no such pension shall in-
crease to any higher rate, in conse-
quence of any future promotion of
the officer by whom it is received.

Military Pay-office.

July 14.— The Governor in council di-
rects that the military pay-office at the
presidency, now vacated by the return to
Europe of Mr. Sparrow, be transferred
to thj military branch of the service, and
Sn future held by a military officer .—That
field officers be eligible for this appoint-
ment.

MILITARY APPOINTMENTS AND
PROMOTIONS.

June 12.— As«ist.surg. J. MacNeiH to
to be deputy medical storekeeper at tbe
presidency, vice Harrison.

June 14.— Assist.Mirg. R. Martin, ad-
mitted ; infantry Cadet D, L. Victor, to
be ensign.

Promotions in consequence of the deal U
of Lieut .col. E. Kenny :
lo&utry.— Seu.Maj. W. D. deiland to
be lieut.col. , vice Kenny, deceased.— Data
of rank 2d June 181U.



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196 Dtb*U at E.I.U., Jdu. l*.~Rlght Von. W* Hadingi. [Fn.

ft* six months.— Lieot. E. Mason, 2d baC

'11th N I., to sea fur six months.

31.— Assist.surg. G. Gordon, to Eng-
land for three years.



First or Oreuadier reg. N.I.— Seu.Capl,
raneis F. Staunton to b: major ; Lieut,
and Brev.capt. Rob. McFarlane to be capt.
of a company, vice Cleilaitd promoted. —
Same date.

June 30. — Capt. J. Kiunersley, to act as
aide de camp to the right hot), the Go-
vernor.

July 2.— Lieut. J. Craig, 2d bat. 9th
N.l. to act as adj. to the wing of that bat.
While separated from the head-quarters
of the corps, and doing duty at Warree.

6. — Division Order by Brig.gen. Smith,
phciug Assist.surg. Warner, 1st bat. 4iU
N.L, at the disposal of the hon. the com*
missioner in the Deckan, is confirmed.

8. — Mr. W. Spry to act as assist.? u rg.
so long as his services may be required in
the medical department at this presidency.

10.— Assist.snrg. Henderson at the dis-
posal of the commissioner in the Dcckan.

14.— Capt. Jas. Morse, 7th N.I., to the
command of Fort Victoria, vacated by
the return to Europe of Capt. Win. Mo-
eison.— Capt. Isaac Kinueraly, 4th N.I.,
military paymaster at the presidency, ou
a salary of seven hundred rupees per
mensem, in addition to the garrison pay
and allowances of his rank. The ap|x»int-
mrnt to hare effect from the 1st Aucust.

31. — Brer .capt. Adams, assistant to the
revenue surveyor in Guzerat, is placed at
the disposal of the commissioner in the
Deccao. — Mr. J. McMorris, admitted an
nssist.surg. for this presidency. — Cavalry
Cadet Fawcctt, to We cornet ; and In-
fantry Cadets S. D. WiNon, C. Johnson,
D.Liddell, H.C. Tea>dale, and E. Car-
thew, ensigns.



FURLOUGHS.

June 12.— Lieut, and Brer.rapt. J. C.
Chebley, 3d Madras L. C, to sea for six
mouths.

j u ly 2.— Capt. W.Morison, 1st bat. 9th
N.L, to England fur three years.

5.— Maj. J. Hull, Madras estab., to sea



marine.
A letter from Port Lonis, Mauritius,
dated Sept. 1, received iu London, says :
—"The Liverpool frigate, Capt. F. A.
Collier, C.B., sails to-morrow for Bom-
bay, to take the command of the expe-
dition fitted tHere. The ships to be em-
ployed are, besides the Liverpool, Eden,
26, Capt. Loch ; Carron, 18, Capt. Fetr-
neaux ; Curlew, 18, Capt. W. Walpole,
four Company's cruisers, and 4,700 troops
under Maj gen. Sir Wm. Keir. They are
to take aud destroy all the forts and ship-
ping possessed by tin: pirates la the Per-
sian Gulf."

The Weather, — Extract of a letter from
Kaira, July 24.—** The last post from
Homhnv was dated the 7th iust., so that
we have 18 posts due. You must have
had au immense fall of rain to the south-
ward, which must have caused that delay
of the post here. We had last night about
8 o'clock a great fall of raiu accompanied
with lightning aud thunder ; the lightning
killed a drauoon of the 17th regt., and
scorched two others that were with him.
About half past ten there was a slight
shock of au earthquake felt."

SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE.

Arrtrals, Aug. 15. — H. C. ship York,
Capt. Talbert, from the Downs 6th May.
—Passengers : Messrs. Cooke, Jackson,
Luinbeg, Slatker, Outran), Harvey, and
Pitcairn. ... 21, H. C. ship Marquis Has-
tings, from England.

MARRIAGE.

June 7.— At St. Thomas's Church, Kns.
Thos. Coleman, 56th regt., to Mrs.'&trau
Donald, widow.



DEBATE AT THE EAST-INDIA HOUSE.

{Continued from page 160.)



East-India House, Jan. 12, 1820.

A general court of proprietors of East
India stock was this day held by adjourn-
ment, at the Company's house in Leaden-
lull Street, for the purpose of consider-
ing a proposition for the erection of a
monnmeut in the court room to the me-
mory of the late Right Hon. Warren
Hastings.

The minutes of tbe court baring been
■ead—



The Chairman (Campbell Majoribauks,
Esq.) stated, that the graut of 75,000
sicca rupees to Mr. James Wilkinson had
received the approbation of the board of
commissioners for managing tbe affairs ot
India.

The Chairman— I have now to ac-
quaint tbe court that it is met by ad-
journment, in order to receive a propo-
sition for erecting a statue to the memory
of the late Right Hon. Warren Hastings
in this room, agreeably to a resolution of



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Debate at EJM.— Right Horn. W. Hadittp.



If



the court of directors of the 7ib of July
fast, which shall be read.

3lr. flame wished, before the regular
baaiuese of tlte day was hi ought for-
ward, to ask a question. At the last
CDort a considerable portion of time had
seen occupied iu discussing the legality uf
tbe proceedings rr la lire to the pram to
Sir G. H. Barlow. It was then stated,
that the opimou of counsel would be
taken on that point. He was now anxious
to know whether such an opinion had
been taken ; and. if so. what that opinion
waa?

Tt»e Chairman said, he was uot aware
of tbe circumstance alluded to by the
boa. proprietor. He knew of no promise
Bade by any gentlemen behind the bar,
to call for the opinion of counsel. The
mderstflndiug was, that, if the court of
proprietor! desired the opiuioo of counsel,
they mSgftit call for it, and that call would
at oace be complied with.

Mr. Hume — Then I am to understand
that the court of directors will not take
any opinion cm the subject ?

Tbe Ckainmam — The court of directors
bare no donbt about it. If the hon. pro-
prietor entrrtaiu a doubt, his remedy will
be to rail for a legal opinion through tbe
asrdhim* of the court of proprie'ers.
Here the conversation terminated.
The clerk theu rend the followiug re*
solmion :—

** At a court of directors, held on Wed*
Besday, the 7th of July, 1819,

** It was resolved, that, .as the last
testimony of approbation of the Ion*,
tralnur, aud successful services of the
Ute Right Hon. Warren Halting*, iu
eiaiataining, without diminution, the
British possessions iu India, Hguiust the
combined efforts of Hindoo, Maliouictan,
and Mabratta enemies, It be recommend-
ed to tbe court of proprietors to place
the statue of that distinguished ludivi-
dial amongst those of the > talesmen and
hrroes, who hare coutri tinted iu tbelr
several stations to the security of the
British territories in ludia I"

The Chairman turn rose, and intro-
duced tbe subject to the court in the
Wiowiog brief, bnt comprehensive
speech. He said, before he put the
oaestioo, he felt himself desirous of offer-
tog a few words on so interesting a sub-
ject. Tbe fame and character of a most
eawnent and faithful servant of tbe East
India Company were now before the
court. He bad no hesitation in confiding
tbcm to the justice of the proprietors.
Of this lie was quite certain, that it
would not be necessary for him to enter
bio any extended detail on the merits of
sir. H**iiu£>' exemplary conduct in those
hisu and arduous sit uut ions, he was se-
lected to oil* Tlte extreme notoriety of
all treat reputation And iuf Akabie ser-



vices relieved him from that duty. HM
actions ate recorded amoug the signal ex-
pkiits of the most enitneut men ; they are
well known to the British, they are well
knowu to the Indian public; and to none
are they better known tliau to the pro-
prietors of Fast ludia stock, who are per-
fectly capable of appreciating merits at
once so variable aud so estimable.— {//ear,
hear!) The proprietors had always treau ,
ed Mr. Hastiugs it all respect, affection,
and confidence, ami he (the Chairman}
was assured that they would uot, at this
time, deviate from that strong current of
imiuiou which had at all other times run
In farour of this exalted individual.- (Htarf
Arar!)

Haring stated this, he should bare been
induced to have left the question on this
ground to the good aud generous feelings
of the court ; but be was unwilling to
pass over, witliout some notice, the great
length of Mr. Hastings's services. About
ietenty years ago be entered as a servant
of the Company, aod travelled, with the
greatest exertion and high principled bor
uour, through the whole circle of duties;
from the lowest ciril appointment to tbe
very hiuhest and most distinguished.—
(//ear/ hetrl) Through the whole of the
period be couducted all bis transactions on
the soundest awl wisest policy, seiziug all
•he changes ami occurrences around him,
and remleriug them subservient to the
bent interests of the Company, until, bf
the diut aud influence of merit alone,
he rose to tbe exalted situatiou of Go-
vernor-General of Bengal. India was at
that time in different circumstances, very
different iudced from those iu which she
1m now placed, and more particularly so
towards the latter part of his administra-
tion. Europe was itself placed in very
different circumstance*. Duriug the long
period of his administration, be bad not
only to contend with the native enemies
of the British power, in India, but he had
likewise to combat with Europeau ene-
mies, who had established a footiug in
India, aud were iu actual possession of
frontier stations, (u addition to which,
large fleets were opposed to Heels of great-
er foree and number that were fitted out
by hostile powers. In many instances the
strength ami skill of tlte naral combat-
ants were so equaily poised, that the tri-
umph on either side was doubtful, and
even where the British claimed a victory,
the results were indecisive, and by no
means effectually checked the progress o(
the eneiny.

All these circumstauces combined tend-
ed to render the situation of the governor-
gcueral a post of the greatest difficulty;
but the hosts who opposed, and tlte dan-
gers which threatened the Company's
possessions on every side, did not dismav
him ; they merely served to draw hjrw



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Dafete «* jE. /. &.—K&tHok. W. timting*.



mo

the resource* of his -mind, to call talents
into action which have become the theme
'of general admiration, and will be re-
corded in the just and faithful pages of
history. Tbe difficulties he subdued, the
-virtues he displayed, and the possessions
-lie secured, can never be forgotten by the
Company, and must render his memory
torer dear to the recollection of the court.
{Hear / h*ar J)

Aftor Mr. Hastings had established the
empire of tbe company ; after he bad
performed the most inestimable servicer,
by his enterprise and his genius ; after he
bad enjoyed a full and uninterrupted con-
fidence for a long series of years, how
was he treated on his return to this coun-
try' ? What mark of honour did lie re-
ceive t How were his great achievements
rewarded ? He was not even allowed to
repose in dignified and unnoticed retire*
went ; tie was dragged forward to eon-
tend with public accusations ; be was re-
warded with twenty-two articles of im-
peachment on high crimes and misdemea-
nour*.

It was not hie (tbe Chairman's) wish
or intention to enter into any examina-
tion of tbe conduct of parliament, on that
occasion ; he meant not to impugn its
' wisdom in instituting tbe proceedings
which distressed and harassed tbe feel-
ings of that great man ; they were at an
end ; the feelings which excited them aud
that great man himself were now no
more ; but this he" thought himself allow-
ed to say, that those proceedings were
contrary to the practice and spirit of the
laws of this happy nation. Of this be
wax quite satisfied, that the acquittal of



[F*i



was that distinguished character Warn
Hastings!— {Heart heart)

He appeared before the barof tbe Nam
of Commons and at an advanced period <
life, gave an evidence, so able, so perspi
caous, so lucid and so coaciasive, thai
as he retired, the general impulse an
feeling of the House, excited by the u
Jents be had displayed, were raanifcsfc
by loud and repeated cbecrsw— [Hear
hear t)

Here, he should rest tbe ease; be hi
no doubt but that the proportion of tfa
court of directors for erecting a statue <
Warren Hastings would that day receiv
the ardeut support of the proprietor
Indeed it was his most sincere wish, it
the honour of the- East India Cotnpai
and the credit of the general court thi
the proposition would meet with an ons
ulmous vote.— {Hear ! hear !)

He was sure, if he could caH up the <h
parted to bis aid ; if be could comman
tlie presence of those heroes and state
men, whose statues adorned theconri
they would give their strenuous snppot
to a proposition, which had for its object
the conierring an appropriate and wet
- merited honour on the memory of a faitl
ful and long tried servant.- {Heart heari

The hon. Chairman concluded by moi
tag, that this court uo agree with the n
solution.

The Deputy Chairman (G. A. Robiii
son, Esq.) said, in rising to second th
motion, he sliould think it quite unnecrt
sary to add any thlug to the address tb
proprietors bad just heard, at tlte preset
moment. He however feit himself dh

„_. , . , , posed to offer some few observations t

Mr. Hastings, on that extraordinary odC" the conrt, arising out of this particali



ea»ton, was the acquittal of the East
India Company— {Hear ! heart) Of this
he was equally well satisfied, that the
condemnation of Mr. Hastings, on any
one point, would have been considered
as the condemnation of the East India
Company.— {Heart hear t)

There was still one circumstance to-
wards which he wished to draw tbe in-
tention of tbe proprietors ; it must be In
all their recollections, that the last time
the East India Company appeared \ before
the British public, when tbey stood be-
fore the face of the British nation and
called for a renewal of their charter, the
court of directors tbonght it was their
duty to bring forward the most eminent
and intelligent men, connected with their
set vice, to give evidence before the great
national councils, to afford information to
the nation at large, in what state the af-
fairs of India stood, at that moment, whe-
ther moral, political or commercial ; and
this was done not from any narrow views,
of partial policy, but from considerations
of paramount importance. Among those
svfeo were examined upon tfcat occasion,



circumstance, that part of his life wi
•pent in India, at a period when the fc
rernmeirt was placed in the hands of tlu
able and intelligent man, Warren Hat!
iocs.— {Hear t hear !) He had entertains
a firm reliance that tlie proposition the
before the court would have received til
unanimous a*»eot of the proprietors. H
had rea«ou, liowever, since be came int
the court, to believe, that something, i
the shape of an amendment, was Inter
ded to be moved on this occasion. Uod<
these circumstances he would take th
liberty of reserving himself for some ft
ture stage of tlie debate, when lie won!
make such observations on any objection
that might be urged against the proposi
thai, as they seemed to demand.— {Heat
heart) He wished it, however, to be ma
dearly understood, that he never second
ed a motion in that court, in the pre
priety of which his mind and dfipositio
mere entirely coincided. I— {Heart heart
Mr. S. DUtm expressed a tope tin
the motion, with a slight alteratioi
would be carried unanimously. He cot
oaured, that the word " tutt" ought I



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1890.] Ddate at E.I.H., Jan. 11

be omitted in the resolution, or that the
syllable " iug," should be added to it.
The word* would tlien either be " a testi-
mony" or " a lasting testimony." As the
resolution was now worded, it might be
tappost-d that the court had paid many
testimonies to the merit of Warren Has-
tings.

Mr. Hume rose to protest against the
present proceed in if, as illegal, inasmuch
as the com t of directors had not complied
with the by-law, which ordained that
they should lay before the court of pro-
prietors the grounds on which they came
to this resolution.

On the proposition of Mr. A. Jack-
ton, the following documents were read :
— resolution of the court of directors of
the 8th of May 1776, declaring that War-
reo Hastings, Esq. Governor-general of
Bengal, and Richard Barlow, Esq. ought
to be removed. Resolution of 29th of
May 1782, and of 22d of Oct. 1782 ; the
last of which declared that it was expe-
dient to remove Warren Hastings from the
situation of Governor-general. Tne pro-
ceedings of the court of proprietors, of
the 25th of May 1814 ; on which occa-
sion, a proposition for granting to Mr.
Hastings tlie sum of £19,000, indepen-
dent of the renewal of his pension, and
another for the erection of his statue in
I the court-room, were negatived.

Mr. ft. Jackgon, after these documeuts
had been read, proceeded to address the
,court. He opposed the resolution, be-
cause it held up Warren Hastings as a
i model for all future Governors-general,
and he conceived that much of his public
conduct was extremely reprelien*ibte, a
fact that was proved by the resolutions
which had just been read. The learned
gentleman then weutinto a detailed his-
tory of the conduct of Mr. Hastings,
whom he censured as the author of the
Rohillah War. He also blamed him for
the proceeding* in the case of Nundocoma,
whose conviction and execution he des-
cribed to have been precipitate, if not
Hiatal ; and he concluded by drawing the
attention of the court to the second Mah-
ratta war, which had been entered into
by the .casting voice of Mr. Hastings, and
was ultimately ensured by the court of
directors as contrary to the honour 'and
policy of the nation. He then moved as
an amendment :

•* That this court regrets that it cannot
agree with the recommendation of the
court of directors to place the statne of
the late Right Hon/ Warren Hastings
among "those statesmen and heroes whose
figure* adorn their court ; because ihcy
think It highly impolitic, by so signal a
distinction, to bold out to the imitation
of fotore governors, a person who, ac-
cording to the recorded sentiments of the
court of directors, involved the country In

Jnatic Journ.—'No. 50.



—Right Han. W* Hastings. S01

unnecessary, bloody, and expensive wars;
and was guilty of oppression and wrong
towards the native princes, so as to liave
induced that court to come to a resolution
on the 8rh of May 1776, and to another
on the 22d of October 1782, for recalling
the said Warren Hastings from the go-
vernment of Bengal. *

" And that this court would feel it in-
consistent, with that respect at all times
due from this court towards the House of
Commons, to confer an honour which ne-
cessarily implies the most distinguished
merit, and great and general satisfaction
upon a public servant, against whom that
hon. house came, in the year 1782, to a
rosolution of severe reprobation, advising
the directors to recall him from India ;
and whom at a subsequent period, the
said bouse, namely, on the 25th of April
1787, did resolve, by a considerable ma-
jority, and after great and solemn debate
on each separate charge, to impeach be-
fore the House of Lords for high crimes
and misdemeanours.

" That this court are nevertheless duly
sensible of the great merit which belonged
to the said Warren Hastings, for having
by his skill and address dissolved the most .
dangerous confederacy among the powers
of India which ever threatened the British
possessions, and by his activity, vigilance,
and firmness, baffled the designs and ope-
rations of our European enemies, aud
thereby maintained and preserved the
strength and authority of the East-India
Compmiy. That this court reflect with
satisfaction, that they have endeavoured to
show their sense of these services, by
having presented to the said Warren Has- ,
tings, at different times, since his return
to this country, upwards of £168,000
sterling, exclusive of all engagements for
the payment of interest ou any part of
the same."

Mr. Hume seconded the amendment.

Mr. tmpet/, in a very eloquent speech,
defended the conduct of Mr. Hastings.
The whole of the charges, he observed,
which the learned gentleman hail utie.ed
against him, were drawn from the base
aud libellous publications with which he
had been at diffeient times astailed, aud
which had, over and over again, been
proved false and malicious.

Mr. Hume took the same line of ar-
gument as bad been previously adopted bf
Mr. H. Jackson. He contended, that If
the subject were fairly investigated j if
all the documents were laid before them,
it would be found that three times more
censure than praise had been bestowed on
Mr. Hastings by the Company.

The Deputy Chairman reviewed and
defended the conduct of Mr. Hastings in
the administration of the affairs of India.
He had, in 18l4, opposed the erect m of
a statue in honour of Mr. Hastily , be-

Vol.. JX. 2 D



202



oiuse it was united with a pecuniary
graut ; but fie now supported the pro-
position, as it was the Ia>t u\u\ ouly tri-
bute they could ray to a great and eminent
statesman.

Mr. C. Grant opposed the motion.
(Tlie hon. director read his sentiments
from a written paper.) He could not
agree to a resolution which went to sanc-
tion the whole of Mr. Hastings's conduct,
moral and political, duriug his lung ad-
ministration.

Mr. Gahagan, in supporting tlie mo-
tion, observed, that the House ot" Com-
mons, in IB 15, had by rising, when Mr.
Hastings retired froiu the bar, proml that



Home Intelligence. ' [Fl

they entertained a more just opinion
his merits than their predecessors hi
dune.

The amendment wa« then neaativet

and the origin tl motion was carried, fu;
hands only being raised against it.



Online LibraryLeo Tolstoy (graf)The Asiatic journal and monthly register for British and foreign ..., Volume 9 → online text (page 40 of 126)