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NY PUBL C L BRARY THE BRANCH LIBRARIES



3 3333 08125 2385






AA




THE ANNE CARROLL MOORE
* COLLECTION



Ohe Nen> tyri Puttie jCi




THEOUGH THE LOOKING-GLASS,

FOUND THERE.




\



I



*



*



' . '






RED.




W HIT E.



WJiite Pawn (Alice) to play, and win in eleven moves.



PAGE

1. Alice meets R. Q. . . 32

2. Alice through Q's 3d (by

railway) .... 44
to Q's 4th (Tweedledum

and Tweedledee) . . 49

3. Alice meets W. Q. (with

shaid) 84

4. Alice to Q's 5th (shop,

river, shop) .... 93

5. Alice to Q's Qth(Hwnptii

Dumptif) .... 103

6. Alice to Q's 7th (forest) 141

7. W. Kt, takes R. Kt. . 146

8. Alice to Q's 8th (coro-

nation) 166

9. Alice becomes Queen . 178

10. Alice castles (feast) . . 185

11. Alice takes R. Q. & wins 195



1. R, Q. to K. R's 4th



PAGE

41



2. W.Q.toQ.B's4th(o/fer

shawl) 84

3. W. Q. to Q. B's 5th (be-

comes sheep) ... 92

4. W. Q. to K. B's 8th

(leaves egg on shelf) . 102

5. W. Q. to Q. B's 8th (jiy-

ing from R. Kt.) . . 136

6. R. Kt. to K's 2nd (ch. >. 144

7. W. Kt. to^K. B's 5th. 165

8. R. Q. to K's sq. (exam-

ination) 169

9. Queens castle . . . 181
10. W.Q.toQ.R's6th(*owp,)191



RICHARD CLAY AND SONS, LIMITED,
LONDON AND BUNG AY.



THROUGH THE LOOKING-GLASS



AND AYHAT ALICE FOUND THEEE



BY

LEWIS CAEEOLL



WITH FIFTY ILLUSTRATIONS
BY JOHN TENNIEL



SIXTY-FIRST THOUSAND



PRICE SIX SHILLINGS

ILontion
MACMILLAN AND CO., LIMITED

NEW YORK : THE MACMILLAN COMPANY
1897

All rights reserved



CHILD of the pure unclouded brow
And dreaming eyes of wonder !

Though time be fleet, and I and thou
Are half a life asunder,

Thy loving smile will surely hail

The love-gift of a fairy-tale.



I have not seen thy sunny face,
Nor heard thy silver laughter :

No thought of me shall find a place
In thy young life's hereafter

Enough that now thou wilt not fail

To listen to my fairy-tale.






A tale begun in other days,

When summer suns were glowing

A simple chime, that served to time
The rhythm of our rowing

Whose echoes live in memory yet,

Though envious years would say ' forget.'



Come, hearken then, ere voice of dread,

With bitter tidings laden,
Shall summon to unwelcome bed

A melancholy maiden !
We are but older children, dear,
Who fret to find our bedtime near.



Without, the frost, the blinding snow,
The storm-wind's moody madness

Within, the firelight's ruddy glow,
And childhood's nest of gladness.

The magic words shall hold thee fast :

Thou shalt not heed the raving blast.



And, though the shadow of a sigh
May tremble through the story,
For ' happy summer days ' gone by,

And vanish'd summer glory-
It shall not touch, with breath of bale,
The pleasance of our fairy-tale.



PREFACE

TO

SIXTY-FIRST THOUSAND

As the chess-problem, given on a previous page, has
puzzled some of my readers, it may be well to explain
that it is correctly worked out, so far as the moves are
concerned. The alternation of Red and White is perhaps
not so strictly observed as it might be, and the " castling '
of the three Queens is merely a way of saying that they
entered the palace : but the " check ' of the White King
at move 6, the capture of the Red Knight at move 7, and
the final " checkmate " of the Red King, will be found, by
any one who will take the trouble to set the pieces and
play the moves as directed, to be strictly in accordance
with the laws of the game.

The new words, in the poem " Jabberwocky ' (see
p. 21), have given rise to some differences of opinion
as to their pronunciation : so it may be well to give
instructions on that point also. Pronounce " slithy ' as
if it were the two words " sly, the " : make the ' g ' hard
in "gyre" and "gimble": and pronounce "rath" to rhyme
with " bath."

For this sixty-first thousand, fresh electrotypes have
been taken from the wood-blocks (which, never having
been used for printing from, are in as good condition as
when first cut in 1871), and the whole book has been set
up afresh with new type. If the artistic qualities of this
re -issue fell short, in any particular, of those possessed by
the original issue, it will not be for want of painstaking
on the part of author, publisher, or printer.



PREFACE xiii

I take this opportunity of announcing that the Nursery
" Alice," hitherto priced at four shillings, net, is now to
be had on the same terms as the ordinary shilling picture-
books although I feel sure that it is, in every quality
(except the text itself, on which I am not qualified to
pronounce), greatly superior to them. Four shillings was
a perfectly reasonable price to charge, considering the very
heavy initial outlay I had incurred : still, as the Public
have practically said " We will not give more than a
shilling for a picture-book, however artistically got-up,"
I am content to reckon my outlay on the book as so much
dead loss, and, rather than let the little ones, for whom it
was written, go without it, I am selling it at a price which
is, to me, much the same thing as giving it away.

Christmas, 1896.



CONTENTS.



CHAPTER 1'AGE

I. LOOKING-GLASS HOUSE 1

II. THE GARDEN OF LIVE FLOWERS ... 26

III. LOOKING-GLASS INSECTS 46

IV. TWEEDLEDUM AND TWEEDLEDEE 66

V. WOOL AND WATER ... 91

VI. HUMPTY DUMPTY 113

VII. THE LION AND THE UNICORN . . 137

vin. "IT'S MY OWN INVENTION" 157

IX. QUEEN ALICE ....... 185

X. SHAKING 215

XI. WAKING 216

XII. WHICH DREAMED IT ? . 218







CHAPTER I.

LOOKING-GLASS HOUSE.

ONE thing was certain, that the white kitten
had had nothing to do with it it was the black

o

kitten's fault entirely. For the white kitten had
been having its face washed by the old cat
for the last quarter of an hour (and bearing it
pretty well, considering) : so you see that it
couldn't have had any hand in the mischief.

B



LOOKING-GLASS HOUSE.

The way Dinah washed her children's faces
was this : first she held the poor thing down
by its ear with one paw, and then with the
other paw she rubbed its face all over, the
wrong way, beginning at the nose : and just
now, as I said, she was hard at work on the
white kitten, which was lying quite still and
trying to purr- -no doubt feeling that it was
all meant for its good.

But the black kitten had been finished with
earlier in the afternoon, and so, while Alice was
sitting curled up in a corner of the great arm-
chair, half talking to herself and half asleep,
the kitten had been having a grand game of
romps with the ball of worsted Alice had been
trying to wind up, and had been rolling it
up and down till it had all come undone again :
and there it was, spread over the hearth-rug,
all knots and tangles, with the kitten running
after its own tail in the middle.

" Oh, you wicked wieked little thing ! ' cried
Alice, catching up the kitten, and giving it a



LOOKING-GLASS HOUSE. 3

little kiss to make it understand that it was in
disgrace. " Really, Dinah ought to have taught
you better manners ! You onght, Dinah, you
know you ought ! ' she added, looking reproach-
fully at the old cat, and speaking in as cross
a voice as she could manage and then she
scrambled back into the arm-chair, taking the
kitten and the worsted with her, and began

o

winding up the ball again. But she didn't get
on very fast, as she was talking all the time,
sometimes to the kitten, and sometimes to herself.
Kitty sat very demurely on her knee, pretending
to watch the progress of the winding, and now
and then putting out one paw and gently touching
the ball, as if it would be glad to help if it might.
" Do you know what to-morrow is, Kitty ? '
Alice began. " You 'd have guessed if you 'd

o o /

been up in the window with me only Dinah
was making you tidy, so you couldn't. I was
watching the boys getting in sticks for the
bonfire and it wants plenty of sticks, Kitty
Only it got so cold, and it snowed so, they

B 2



4 LOOKING-GLASS HOUSE.

had to leave off. Never mind, Kitty, we '11 go
and see the bonfire to-morrow." Here Alice
wound two or three turns of the worsted
round the kitten's neck, just to see how it
would look : this led to a scramble, in which the
ball rolled down upon the floor, and yards and
yards of it got unwound again.

" Do you know, I was so angry, Kitty," Alice
went on, as soon as they were comfortably
settled again, " when I saw all the mischief you
had been doing, I was very nearly opening the
window, and putting you out into the snow !
And you 'd have deserved it, you little mis-
chievous darling ! What have you got to say
for yourself ? Now don't interrupt me ! ' she
went on, holding up one finger. " I'm going
to tell you all your faults. Number one : you
squeaked twice while Dinah was washing your
face this morning. Now you ca'n't deny it,
Kitty : I heard you ! What's that you say ? '
(pretending that the kitten was speaking). " Her
paw went into your eye ? Well, that 's your



LOOKING-GLASS HOUSE.







fault, for keeping your eyes open- - if you 'd shut
them tight up, it wouldn't have happened. Now
don't make any more excuses, but listen ! Xum-



6 LOOKING-GLASS HOUSE.

ber two : you pulled Snowdrop away by the
tail just as I had put down the saucer of milk
before her ! What, you were thirsty, were you ?
How do you know she wasn't thirsty too ?
Now for number three : you unwound every
bit of the worsted while I wasn't looking !

o

"That's three faults, Kitty, and you've not
been punished for any of them yet. You know
I 'm saving up all your punishments for Wed-
nesday week Suppose they had saved up all
my punishments ? : she went on, talking more
to herself than the kitten. " What would they
do at the end of a year ? I should be sent
to prison, I suppose, when the day came.
Or- -let me see suppose each punishment was
to be going without a dinner : then, when
the miserable day came, I should have to go
without fifty dinners at once ! Well, I shouldn't
mind that much ! I 'd far rather go without

o

them than eat them !

"Do you hear the snow against the window-
panes, Kitty ? How nice and soft it sounds I



LOOKING-GLASS HOUSE. 7

Just as if some one was kissing the window all
over outside. I wonder if the snow loves the
trees and fields, that it kisses them so gently ?
And then it covers them up snug, you know,
with a white quilt ; and perhaps it says ' Go to
sleep, darlings, till the summer comes again.'
And when they wake up in the summer, Kitty,
they dress themselves all in green, and dance
about- -whenever the wind blows oh, that's
very pretty ! ' cried Alice, dropping the ball
of worsted to clap her hands. " And I do so
wish it was true ! I'm sure the woods look
sleepy in the autumn, when the leaves are
getting brown.

o o

" Kitty, can you play chess ? Now, don't smile,
my dear, I'm asking it seriously. Because, when
we were playing just now, you watched just as
if you understood it : and when I said ' Check ! '

*/

you purred ! Well, it was a nice check, Kitty,
and really I might have won, if it hadn't been
for that nasty Knight, that came wriggling down
among my pieces. Kitty, dear, let 's pretend-



8 LOOKING-GLASS HOUSE.

And here I wish I could tell you half the
things Alice used to say, beginning with her
favourite phrase " Let 's pretend." She had had
quite a long argument with her sister only the
day before all because Alice had begun with
" Let 's pretend we 're kings and queens ; ' and her
sister, who liked being very exact, had argued
that they couldn't, because there were only two
of them, and Alice had been reduced at last to
say " Well, you can be one of them, then, and
I'll be all the rest." And once she had really
frightened her old nurse by shouting suddenly
in her ear, " Nurse ! Do let 's pretend that I 'm
a hungry hysena, and you're a bone ! '

But this is taking us away from Alice's
speech to the kitten. "Let's pretend that you're
the Eed Queen, Kitty ! Do you know, I think if
you sat up and folded your arms, you'd look
exactly like her. Now do try, there 's a dear ! '
And Alice got the Eed Queen off the table, and
set it up before the kitten as a model for it to
imitate : however, the thing didn't succeed, prin-



LOOKING-GLASS HOUSE. 9

cipally, Alice said, because the kitten wouldn't
fold its arms properly. So, to punish it, she held
it up to the Looking-glass, that it might see how
.sulky it was, " - -and if you 're not good directly,"
she added, "I'll put you through into Looking-
glass House. How would you like that/

4 'Now, if you'll only attend, Kitty, and not
talk so much, I '11 tell you all my ideas about
Looking-glass House. First, there 's the room you
can see through the glass- -that 's just the same
as our drawing-room, only the things go the
other way. I can see all of it when I get upon
a chair all but the bit just behind the fire-
place. Oh ! I do so wish I could see that bit !
I want so much to know whether they've a
fire in the winter : you never can tell, you
know, unless our fire smokes, and then smoke
comes up in that room too- -but that may be
only pretence, just to make it look as if they
had a fire. Well then, the books are something
like our books, only the words go the wrong-
way : I know that, because I Ve held up one of



10 LOOKING-GLASS HOUSE.

our books to the glass, and then they hold up
one in the other room.

" How would you like to live in Looking-
glass House, Kitty ? I wonder if they 'd give
you milk in there ? Perhaps Looking-glass milk
isn't good to drink- -but oh, Kitty ! now we
come to the passage. You can just see a little
peep of the passage in Looking-glass House, if
you leave the door of our drawing-room wide
open : and it 's very like our passage as far as
you can see, only you know it may be quite
different on beyond. Oh, Kitty, how nice it
would be if we could only get through into
Looking-glass House ! I 'm sure it 's got, oh !
such beautiful things in it ! Let 's pretend there 's
a way of getting through into it, somehow,
Kitty. Let 's pretend the glass has got all soft
like gauze, so that we can get through. Why,
it 's turning into a sort of mist now, I declare !
It'll be easy enough to get through- She

was up on the chimney-piece while she said
this, though she hardly knew how she had got



LOOKING-GLASS HOUSE.



1}







\



tliere. And certainly the glass was beginning
to melt away, just like a bright silvery mist.
In another moment Alice was through the



12



LOOKING-GLASS HOUSE.




glass, and had jumped lightly down into the
Looking-glass room. The very first thing she did
was to look whether there was a fire in the



LOOKING-GLASS HOUSE. 13-

fireplace, and she was quite pleased to find that
there was a real one, blazing away as brightly
as the one she had left behind. " So I shall be
as warm here as I was in the old room," thought

o

Alice : " warmer, in fact, because there '11 be no
one here to scold me away from the fire. Oh,
what fun it'll be, when they see me through
the glass in here, and ca'n't get at me ! '

Then she began looking about, and noticed
that wdiat could be seen from the old room
was quite common and uninteresting, but that
all the rest was as different as possible. For
instance, the pictures on the wall next the fire
seemed to be all alive, and the very clock on
the chimney-piece (you know you can only see
the back of it in the Looking-glass) had got
the face of a little old man, and grinned at her.

" They don't keep this room so tidy as the
other," Alice thought to herself, as she noticed
several of the chessmen down in the hearth
among the cinders ; but in another moment, with
a little " Oh ! ' of surprise, she was down on her



u LOOKING-GLASS HOUSE.

hands and knees watching them. The chessmen
were walking about, two and two !

" Here are the Eed Kino- and the Eed

c

Queen." Alice said (in a whisper, for fear of
frightening them), "and there are the White
King and the ~\\ hite Queen sitting on the edge
of the shovel - and here are two Castles walk-
in i: arm in arm I don't think thev can

f

hear me." she went on. as she put her head



-/




LOOKIXG-GLA.S.S HOUSE. ir,

closer down, ''and I'm nearly sure they ca'n't
see me. I feel somehow as if I was crettiii"

o ~

invisible-
Here something began squeaking on the table
behind Alice, and made her turn her head ju.-t
in time to see one of the TVhite Pawns roll
over and begin kicking : she watched it with
great curiosity to see what would happen next.
" It is the voice of mv child ! ' the AVhiu-

/

Queen cried out. as she rushed past the Kii._.
so violently that she knocked him over among
the cinders. " My precious Lily ! My imperial
kitten ! " and she began scrambling wildly up
the side of the fender.

" Imperial fiddlestick ! " said the King, rub-
bing his nose, which had been hurt by the fall.
He had a right to be a little annoyed with

^j

the Queen, for he was covered with ashes from

head to foot.

Alice was verv anxious to be of use, and.

L

as the poor little Lily was nearly .s-.-reaniinir b
self into a fit,, she hastily picked up th - Qui



16 LOOKING-GLASS HOUSE.

and set her on the table by the side of her
noisy little daughter.

The Queen gasped, and sat down : the rapid
journey through the air had quite taken away
her breath, and for a minute or two she could
do nothing but hug the little Lily in silence.
As soon as she had recovered her breath a little,
she called out to the White King, who was sitting
sulkily among the ashes, " Mind the volcano !'

" What volcano ? ' said the King, looking up
anxiously into the fire, as if he thought that
was the most likely place to find one.

" Blew- -me- -up," panted the Queen, who was
still a little out of breath. " Mind you come
up- -the regular way- -don't get blown up ! '

Alice watched the White King as he slowly
struggled up from bar to bar, till at last she
said " Why, you '11 be hours and hours getting
to the table, at that rate. I 'd far better help
you, hadn't I ? ' But the King took no notice
of the question : it was quite clear that he could
neither hear her nor sec her.



LOOKIXG-GLASS HOUSE.




So Alice picked him up very gently, and
lifted him across more slowly than she had lifted
the Queen, that she mightn't take his breath
away ; but, before she put him on the table, she
thought she might as well dust him a little,
he was so covered with ashes.

She said afterwards that she had never seen
in all her life such a face as the King mad>'.
when he found himself held in the air by an

c



18 LOOKING-GLASS HOUSE.

invisible hand, and being; dusted : he was far too

o

much astonished to cry out, but his eyes and
his mouth went on getting larger and larger,
and rounder and rounder, till her hand shook
so with laughing that she nearly let him drop
upon the floor.

" Oh ! please don't make such faces, my dear ! '
she cried out, quite forgetting that the King
couldn't hear her. " You make me lau^h so

o

that I can hardly hold you ! And don't keep
your mouth so wide open ! All the ashes will
get into it- -there, now I think you're tidy
enough ! ' she added, as she smoothed his hair,
and set him upon the table near the Queen.

The King immediately fell flat on his back,
and lay perfectly still ; and Alice was a little
alarmed at what she had done, and went round
the room to see if she could find any water to
throw over him. However, she could find
nothing but a bottle of ink, and when she got
back with it she found he had recovered, and
he and the Queen were talking together in a



LOOKING-GLASS HOUSE. 19

frightened whisper so low, that Alice could
hardly hear what they said.

The King was saying " I assure you, my
dear, I "turned cold to the very ends of my
whiskers ! '

To which the Queen replied " You haven't
got any whiskers."

" The horror of that moment," the King went
on, "I shall never, never forget ! '

"You will, though," the Queen said, "if you
don't make a memorandum of it."

Alice looked on with great interest as the
King took an enormous memorandum-book out
of his pocket, and began writing. A sudden
thought struck her, and she took hold of the
end of the pencil, which came some way over
his shoulder, and began writing for him.

The poor King looked puzzled and unhappy,
and struggled with the pencil for some time
without saying anything ; but Alice was too
strong for him, and at last he panted out " My
dear ! I really must get a thinner pencil. I ca'n't

c 2



20



LOOKING-GLASS HOUSE.



manage this one a bit : it writes all manner
of things that I don't intend "



" What manner of things ? ' said the Queen,
looking over the book (in which Alice had put

' Tli e White Knight
is sliding down the
poker. He balances
very badly). "That's
not a memorandum
of your feelings ! '

There was a book
lying near Alice on
the table, and while
she sat watching
the White King (for
she was still a little
anxious about him,

and had the ink all ready to throw over
him, in case he fainted again), she turned over
the leaves, to find some part that she could
read, " - for it's all in some language I don't
know," she said to herself.




i



LOOKING-GLASS HOUSE. 21

It was like this.



She puzzled over this for some time, but
at last a bright thought struck her. " Why,
it's a Looking-glass book, of course ! And, if
I hold it up to a glass, the words will all go
the right way again."

This was the poem that Alice read.



JABBERWOCKY.

'Twas brittle/, and the stithy loves

Did gyre and gvnible in the i
All mimsy were the borogoves,

And the mome r'aths outyrabe



LOOKING-GLASS HOUSE.

" Beware the Jabberwock, my son !

The jaws that bite, the claws that catch-
Beware the Jubjub bird, and shun
The frumious Bandersnatch ! '



He took Ids vorpal sword in hand :

Long time the manxome foe lie sought-
So rested he by the Tumtum tree,
And stood awhile in thouglit.



And, as in uffisli thought he stood,

The Jabberwock, with eyes of flame,
Came whiffling through the tulgey ivood,
And burbled as it came !



One, two! One, two! And through and through

The vorpal blade went snicker-snack!
He left it dead, and with its head
He went galumphing back.



LOOKIXG-GLASS HOUSE.



23




c



24 LOOKING-GLASS HOUSE.

"And hast thou slain the Jahberwock?
Come to my arms, my beamish boy !
frabjous day ! Callooh! C allay!'
chortled in his joy.



'Tiuas brillig, and the slitJty toves

Did gyre and gimble in the uube :
All mimsy ^vere the borogoves,

And the mome raths outgrabe.



' It seems very pretty," she said when she
had finished it, " but it's rather hard to under-
stand ! ' (You see she didn't like to confess, even
to herself, that she couldn't make it out at all.)
" Somehow it seems to fill my head with ideas
-only I don't exactly know what they are !
However, somebody killed something : that's clear,
at any rate-

" But oh!' thought Alice, suddenly jumping
up, "if I don't make haste, I shall have to



LOOKING-GLASS HOUSE. 25

go back through the Looking-glass, before I've
seen what the rest of the house is like ! Let's
have a look at the garden first ! ' She was out
of the room in a moment, and ran down stairs
-or, at least, it wasn't exactly running, but a
new invention for getting down stairs quickly
and easily, as Alice said to herself. She just
kept the tips of her fingers on the hand-rail,
and floated gently down without even touching
the stairs with her feet : then she floated on
through the hall, and would have gone straight

o o

out at the door in the same way, if she hadn't
caught hold of the door-post. She was getting
a little giddy with so much floating in the air,
and was rather glad to find herself walking
again in the natural way.



CHAPTER II.

THE GARDEN OF LIVE FLOWERS.

" I SHOULD see the garden far better," said
Alice to herself, "if I could get to the top of
that hill : and here's a path that leads straight
to it at least, no, it doesn't do tliat-
( after going a few yards along the path, and
turning several sharp corners), " but I suppose
it will at last. But how curiously it twists !
It's more like a corkscrew than a path ! Well,
this turn goes to the hill, I suppose- -no, it
doesn't ! This goes straight back to the house !
Well then, I'll try it the other way."

And so she did : wandering up and down,



THE GARDEN OF LIVE FLOWERS 27

and trying turn after turn, but always coming
back to the house, do what she would. Indeed,
once, when she turned a corner rather more
quickly than usual, she ran against it before
she could stop herself.


1 3 4 5 6 7 8

Online LibraryLewis CarrollThrough the looking glass and what Alice found there → online text (page 1 of 8)