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An illustrated history of the state of Idaho, containing a history of the state of Idaho from the earliest period of its discovery to the present time, together with glimpses of its auspicious future; illustrations ... and biographical mention of many pioneers and prominent citizens of to-day .. online

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Online LibraryLewis Publishing Company. cnAn illustrated history of the state of Idaho, containing a history of the state of Idaho from the earliest period of its discovery to the present time, together with glimpses of its auspicious future; illustrations ... and biographical mention of many pioneers and prominent citizens of to-day .. → online text (page 105 of 136)
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amendments permitting woman suffrage and the
election of a prosecuting attorney in each county,
instead of district only, as previously.

Li March George L. Shoup was elected again
to the United States senate, the fifty-second and
final ballot being: Shoup, Republican, 2y\ Willii
Sweet, also Republican, 12; and A. J. Crook,
Populist, 14.

In 189s the state supreme court decided that
women were eligible to practice law, the statutes
to the contrary notwithstanding. This court also
■affirmed the constitutionality of the law providing
that water companies shall furnish water free for
fire purposes and other great public emergencies.
The state officers for 1896 were: William J.
McConnell, governor; Vincent Bierbower, lieu-
tenant governor; Isaac W. Garrett, secretary of
state: C. Bunting, treasurer; Frank C. Ramsey,
auditor; George M. Parsons, attorney general;
A. H. Capwell, adjutant general; C. A. Fores-
man, superintendent of public instruction; Fred-
erick J. Mills, state engineer; John T. Morgan,
chief justice of the supreme court; J- W. Huston
and Isaac N. Sullivan, associate justices; and
Solomon Hasbrouck, clerk of the court.

]\Iay 16, 1896, the Republicans held a state
convention at Pocatello and selected delegates to
the national convention. It declared the rein-
statement of silver to be the paramount issue. On
August 8 the state central committee convened at

Boise and divided into two factions, each claim-
ing to be the regular committee and proceeding
accordingly to fill the vacancies in their respective
bodies by special appointments. The silver Re-
publicans met August 17, in the same city, and
made a declaration of principles similar to those
of the May convention, and in addition congrat-
ulated Congressman Wilson "on his able and
exceptional work" in congress, and unequivocally
approved the "action of Senators Teller, Cannon
and Dubois and their associates who left the na-
tional convention" at St. Louis, and also
approved the nomination of Bryan and Sewall
for president and vice president of the United

At the Republican state convention which met at
Boise August 26, the following nominations were
made: For representative in congress, John T.
Morrison; justice of the supreme court. Drew W.
Standrod; governor, David H. Budlong; lieu-
tenant governor, A'incent Bierbower; secretary of
state, Isaac W. Garrett; attorney general, John
A. Bagley; auditor, Elmore A. McKenna; treas-
urer, Frank C. Ramsey ; superintendent of public
instruction, Charles A. Foresman; and inspector
of mines, Theodore Brown.

Being dissatisfied with the regular nominations
of the Republican convention, the silver Repub-
licans. September 26, named a ticket headed by
W. E. Borah for representative in congress.
Edgar Wilson for justice of the supreme court,
and Frank Steunenberg for governor. This
ticket was filed with the secretan,' of state as the
regular ticket of a Republican state convention,
and the same ticket was also filed by petition as
the "Electors' Democratic ticket."

The Democrats and Populists fused on the
principal issues of the day in naming their ticket,
under the name of the "People's Democratic
party." They agreed that the succeeding legisla-
ture should select a man from the "present Pop-
ulist party" for United States senator. On
August 21 this party nominated R. P. Quarrels
for supreme justice; Frank Steunenberg for gov-
ernor; R. E. McFarland for attorney general;
George H. Storer for treasurer; and B. F. Hast-
ings for inspector of mines; while the Populists
named James Gunn for representative in con-
gress, C. C. Fuller for lieutenant governor, James
H. Anderson for auditor, George J. Lewis for


secretary of state, and Lewis Anderson for the plan of campaign was fullv outlined. So

superintendent of public instruction. On October pronounced was the sentiment thereafter aroused

5, George F. Moore was selected by the Populist that all the political conventions in the state rec-

and Democratic state committees as their candi- ommended the woman-suffrage amendment to

date for lieutenant governor in place of jMr. favorable consideration. The campaign increased

Fuller, resigned. in vigor as the polling day approached, the

In the exciting election of November, 1896, the women refraining from taking sides with either

"People's Democratic" ticket was successful, Republicans or Democrats. The official count

their presidential electors polling 23,192, against showed 12,126 votes for the amendment and

only 6,324 for the McKinley electors. At the 6,282 against it.

same time the proposed constitutional amend- Although receiving six thousand more votfs

ments providing for county attorneys and county than had been cast against it, the amendment did

superintendents were carried, while the equal- not receive a majority of the votes cast at the

suffrage amendment received six thousand more election, — the total vote being 29,697. Thus

votes than were cast against it, though not a some doubt remained as to whether or not it had

majority of the votes cast at the election. The carried, which doubt was based on certain

last mentioned issue, however, was taken before clauses of the constitution regulating the passage

the supreme court of the state, December 11, of amendments. This doubt, however, was finally

which decided that when a proposed amendment dispelled, December 11, 1896, when the supreme

to the constitution receives a majority of the court unanimously decided that the amendment

votes cast on the proposition whether or not it is had carried, though it had not received a majority

a majority of all the votes cast at that election, of the votes cast at the election. A majority of

the amendment is carried. those cast on the proposition was held to be

The history of the struggle which thus cul- sufficient,

minated in final victory for the advocates of a The following legislature (1897) elected Henry

female-suffrage amendment to the state constitu- Heitfield, Populist, United States senator, over

tion is interesting to trace. Frederick T. Dubois, silver Republican, by a vote

The movement first took definite shape in the of thirty-nine to thirty. The same body fixed

political arena at the Populist state convention the legal rate of interest at seven per cent., estab-

of 1894, w'here, after a hard fight, the passage of Hshed a sheep quarantine system, and provided

a favorable resolution was secured. A similar for a state board of arbitration for settling labor

resolution was then passed by the Republican troubles.

state convention. Popular indifference to the , tj . a.-

^ ., , J ,. Governors of Idaho. \ ears.

movement, however, was widespread; and poll- William H. Wallace 1863-4

ticians of all parties, while nominally supporting Calgb Lyon 1864-6

it, seemed to think that when the matter came to David A. Ballard 1866-7

a general vote it would be swept into oblivion. Samuel Bard 1870

The women, however, kept up an active agitation. G.lman Marston .870-1

. . , , rr, Alexander Connor 18/I

forming an association for that purpose. The Thomas M. Bowen 1871

result was that the state legislature passed a bill Thomas W. Bennett 1871-6

submitting to the voters of the state the question Mason Brayman 1876-80

cyf a change of the constitution so as to allow John B. Neil 'ff°"'^

woman suffrage. Thereafter the battle was kept J°hn^N. ^Iru^n ^ 1883 _

up vigorously. A state convention was called in EdwaM W.' Stevenson.'.' ^' .' '. .1885-9

Boise in November, 1895, to which eight counties George L. Shoup 1889-91

sent delegates. Another state convention ^ssem- William J. McConnell 1891-6

bled in the capital city July i, 1896, at which Frank Steunenberg 1896-1901




a native of England, his birth having oc-
curred' in Norwich. His parents were
Frank and Mary (Gunn) Baxter, who came with
their family to the United States when the
Captain was very young. They resided near New-
York city for some years, and then removed to
Paterson, New Jersey. The father was a horti-


culturist by occupation and successfully engaged
in the cultivation of vegetables and flowers. Soon
after his arrival in America he took steps toward
becoming naturalized and was recognized as a
valued and influential citizen. He served as
county commissioner in New Jersey for a number
of years, and was also county sheriff, in which

positions he discharged his duties with signal
ability. After a residence of thirty years in
America, he died at the age of seventy-eight. His
widow still survives him, and at the age of eighty-
seven years is living in Paterson, New Jersey,
where she has so long made her home. She was
the mother of thirteen children, seven of whom
grew to years of maturity and are still living.

In the public schools of New York city James
Baxter began his education, which he continued
in Paterson. Subsequently he attended the
school of mines at Columbia College, New York,
and was graduated there as a mining engineer
and metallurgist. He learned the machinist's
trade with the Rogers Locomotive Company, of
Paterson, New Jersey. In 1856 he went to Chili
and for three years was master mechanic for the
Southern Railroad, of that country. In 1859 he
returned to the United States and purchased a
plantation in Mecklenburg county, North Caro-
lina, called the Jugnot, because of its gold indi-
cations. After six months spent in developing
this and finding no gold in paying quantities, he
abandoned it and went to Colorado, locating a
mine in Gilpin county, and was engaged in erect-
ing mills and other machinerv.

But now the trouble between the north and the
south, occasioned by the slavery agitation,
brought on the civil war, and, realizing the need
of the Union for all its loyal sons, Mr. Baxter put
aside all business interests, disposed of his prop-
ertv and returned to New York, where in August,
1 86 1, he enlisted in Company K, First New York
Regiment of Engineers. During his service he
was promoted successively to the ranks of cor-
poral, sergeant, second lieutenant, first lieutenant
and captain. He also served for some time on
the stafif of General Gilmore. He was injured
several times, the last time at Fort Johnson.
South Carolina, by a shell which broke his hip.
He was mustered out near the Appomattox river,

/ ^


/C?^:i^jC^!^^;t^ ,



in May, 1864, and went home, it was supposed to
die, ijut owing to the aid of a strong constitution
he eventually recovered from his injuries, al-
though for two years he was obliged to go about
on crutches. He sufifered much, but finally re-
covered and then went to Colorado again, and to
the South and Central Americas, where he was
engaged in mining.

In 1883 Captain Baxter went to Mexico, where
he was engaged on the construction of smelters
and a railroad. He first visited Idaho in 1874,
at which time he operated extensively in the At-
lanta and Rocky Bar. In 1892 he came to Boise
and established a foundry and machine shop
known as the Boise Iron and Reduction Works,
in which he manufactures quartz mills and all
kinds of mining machinery. He has built as
many as twenty mills, each one of which, when
erected properly, has been a complete success and
given the fullest satisfaction to the owners.
Captain Baxter is meeting with a well deserved
prosperity in this undertaking, owing to his com-
prehensive understanding of the business, his
thoroughness, reliability, and upright dealing.

In 1854 Captain Baxter was united in marriage
to Miss Amanda Langworth, of Paterson, New
Jersey, and they have had eight children, of whom
four are living, namely: Julia, wife of C. V.
Smith ; Fannie, wife of James Williams ; Charles

F. and Carrie, the latter at home. Captain Baxter
and his family are members of the Baptist church,
and in Boise they live in a pleasant and commo-
dious home, whose hospitality is enjoyed by their
many friends. The Captain is a Royal Arch
Mason. He was made a Master Mason in Nevada
Lodge, No. 4, of Colorado, in 1866, and subse-
quently took the chapter degrees in Charlotte.
North Carolina, in 1868. He was a charter mem-
ber of Alturas Lodge, No. 12, of Idaho, was its
worshipful master for four years, and is now a
valued member of both the blue lodge and chap-
ter of Boise. He has been a member of the
Knights of Pythias fraternity since 187 1 and is
post commander of Phil. Sheridan Post, No. 4,

G. A. R. He is a progressive and public-spiritej
citizen who is as true to-day to duty as when
he followed the stars and stripes through the
great southern rebellion. He ever supports all
measures for the educational, social, material and
moral advancement of his citv and state, and at

all times has lived so as to command the esteem
of his fellow men, which is accorded him in a
large degree.


Simon Harris, of Silver City, is a native of
Mineral Point, Wisconsin, born April 18, 185 1,
and is of English descent, his parents, Elijah and
Caroline (Mitchell) Harris, both being natives of
England. In 1844 the father crossed the Atlantic
to America and took up his residence in Mineral
Point, where he was married. In 1852 he crossed
the plains to California and was quite successful
in his business ventures in the Golden state.
Several times he made the trip across the country
to California, Colorado and Montana, and in
1872 came to Silver City. He is now living in
Wisconsin, at the age of seventy-seven years. His
wife departed this life in 1894, at the age of
seventy years. They were the parents of eight
children, four of whom are living.

In the public schools of his native town Simon
Harris was educated, and was reared upon a farm,
but during the greater part of his life has engaged
in mining. He came to Silver City, October 16.
1872, when a young man of twenty-one years,
and engaged in mining on War Eagle mountain.
He worked in the Golden Chariot mine in 1873-4.
when it was one of the greatest producers in the
state, its stock advancing to twenty-two and even
twenty-four dollars per share. Miners were paid
by the foot for drilling and it was a prosperous
era on the old mountain. Mr. Harris was elected
president of the Fairview Miners' Union, in
March, 1875, and six months later the organiza-
tion had fifteen hundred members in good stand-
ing. The following year he filled the responsible
position of treasurer in that organization.

He was married in Silver City, December 5,
1880, to Mrs. Bertha Lewis, of Peru, Illinois, and
a few weeks afterward they visited Arizona,
Washington, D. C, and the old Harris home
in Wisconsin, whence they returned to Silver
City. In July, 1881, Mr. Harris took charge of
the Black Jack Mine for a short time and was
foreman of the Trade Dollar Mine from 1892 un-
til August, 1893, at which time he resigned his
position, making a trip to the east, visiting the
^^^o^ld's Columbian Exposition in Chicago and
manv places of interest in the capital city of the
nation, returning to Idaho in }ilay. 1894.



At the general election in 1896 Mr. Harris was
chosen a justice of the peace of Silver City, which
position he has since acceptably filled. At the
formation of the Silver City Miners' Union, in
August, 1896, he was elected its vice-president,
and in 1897 was elected its recording secretary.
He has been a member of the Independent Order
of Odd Fellows since 1872, when he took the de-
grees of the order in Wisconsin, and soon after
his arrival in Idaho he transferred his member-
ship to Owyhee Lodge, No. 2, I. O. O. F., which
organization he represented in the grand lodge in
1888. In November, 1875, he was a representa-
tive to the grand lodge of Good Templars from
Fairview, and he is also a member of the ]Ma-
sonic fraternity, having served as master of Sil-
ver City Lodge, No. 13, F. & A. M., in 1892, and
as high priest of Cyrus Chapter, No. 2, R. A. M.,
in 1897. He is also a member of Idaho Com-
mandery, and his wife is a valued member of the
Episcopal church, while both are highly esteemed
residents of Silver City and have a large circle of

warm friends.


When, in 1871, Frank T. Martin first saw the
Snake river valley, Idaho, it was a vast, desolate
and unexplored wilderness, not so inviting to
settlement as it might have been otherwise, be-
cause of its arid, unproductive soil. i\Ir. Martin
was then a youth of seventeen, and he came v;ith
thirteen others and drove seven hundred head of
cattle across the plains from Saline county, ]Mis-
souri. They were one hundred and eleven days
on the way, and after they reached the Snake
river valley the company separated, some of its
members going to different points round about,
and some to Montana. Young Martin passed
the winter of 1871-2 at Helena, ^Montana, and in
the spring returned to the valley and located on
the island eighteen miles above Idaho Fahs. At
that time four men were the only persons on the
island, which has now a population of fifteen
hundred. He remained in the valley two years,
herding cattle for 'Sir. J. M. Taylor, then went
to Utah. In 1876 he went back to his old home
in Missouri. In 1885 he returned to Idaho Falls,
where he has since lived and where he is known
as an enterprising business man and a public-
spirited citizen. He conducted a meat market
and later a livery business, and six years ago be-

came a dealer in coal, which he has since handled
quite extensively. He is a member also of the
firm of Martin & Mills, butchers, and wholesale
and retail dealers in meat, and they do a large
trade over a wide territory. J\lr. ^Martin is well
known in business circles throughout southeast-
ern Idaho. He is a Democrat, but not an active
politician nor one who has an itching for office,
his business interests requiring his entire time
and attention.

The following biographical items concerning
Frank T. Martin will be of interest. He was
born in Saline county, Missouri, September 6,
1854. His grandfather Samuel T. Martin, a na-
tive of \'irginia, was a pioneer in Kentucky and
died there at the age of eighty-seven. Frank T.
]\Iartin's father, also named Samuel T. ^Martin,
was born in Kentucky and married ^liss Annie
E. Jones, daughter of Captain Thomas Jones,
who in his young manhood was an officer in the
Revolutionary army in the struggle for Ameri-
can independence. In 1849 they removed to
Missouri, where Mr. Martin became a successful
farmer, and where he is yet living, aged eighty
years. Mrs. Martin died in 1866. They had
twelve children, of whom Frank T. Alartin was
the eighth born. His boyhood was passed on
the farm and in the public schools of Missouri,
until, at the age of seventeen, he first came to
Idaho, as has been stated. In August, 1880, he
married jNIiss Susie Chowning, a native of Owen
county, Kentucky, who bore him four children, —
Paris, Helen, Eva and Charles, — and she died in
June, 1890. She was a true and faithful wife and
loving and indulgent mother, being a woman o:
beautiful Christian character, and her loss was
keenly felt by the whole community.

Henry D. Blatchley came to Caldwell when it
contained but one building, and has therefore
witnessed its entire growth and development. In
the work of progress and advancement he has
ever borne his part and to-day is numbered
among the pioneers and leading business men
to whom the city is indebted for its upbuilding.
A spirit of enterprise, so characteristic of the
west, is noticeable in all that he does and has been
manifest in his connection with Caldwell. He
has ever merited the confidence and regard of his



felllow men, which he receives in an unHmited
degree, and in this volume well deserves mention
among the representative merchants of Idaho.

Mr. Blatchley is a native of Idaho, his birth
having occurred in Blanchester, March 2, 1854.
He is of Welsh lineage and his ancestors were
among the early settlers of Pennsylvania and
Ohio. One of the number, David Blatchley, was
an ofificer in the Colonial army in the war of
the Revolution; and the Comstock family, from
which our subject is descended on the maternal
side, was also represented in the struggle for
American independence. They settled in Ohio,
and one of the towns in the Buckeye state now
bears the name of Comstock, it having been
founded by relatives of our subject. His father,
Daniel W. Blatchley, was born in Pennsylvania
and was married there to Sylvia Ann Comstock,
of Scranton, that state, a daughter of Zebulon
Comstock, a prominent land-owner of Scranton,
and a representative of an old Virginian family.
At a later date Mr. Blatchley removed with his
family to Ohio, where for many years he suc-
cessfully engaged in school-teaching. He de-
parted this life in the sixty-fifth year of his age,
and his wife was called to her final rest in her
sixty-eighth year. They were the parents of five

Henry D. Blatchley, the fourth in order of
birth, was a little lad of four summers when he
accompanied his parents on their removal to
Vandalia, Illinois, where he was reared and edu-
cated. On completing his literary course he be-
came a student in the Cincinnati Medical Col-
lege, and later learned the druggist's trade, thus
being well qualified for an independent business
career. Coming to Caldwell he engaged in clerk-
ing for a year and then began business on his
own account, since which time he has success-
fully conducted the leading drug store of the
town. In 1894 he erected a good brick business
block, twenty-five by one hundred feet, in which
he now carries a large stock of drugs, paints, oils
and notions. His business methods are most
commendable, his prices reasonable, and by his
courteous treatment of the public and his
straightforward dealing he has won a liberal pat-

In Caldwell he has also erected a very pleasant
and commodious residence, which is presided

over by his estimable .wife, who in her maiden-
hood was Miss Carrie S. Gwinn. Their mar-
riage was celebrated in June, 1887, and the lady
is a daughter of Rev. Robert M. Gwinn, the pio-
neer Methodist minister of Idaho. Mr. Blatch-
ley is prominent in fraternal circles. He was a
charter member of the Odd Fellows lodge of
Caldwell, its first presiding officer, and has filled
all the chairs in both the subordinate lodge and
the encampment. For nine years he has been
the representative to the grand lodge. He exer-
cises his right of franchise in behalf of the men
and measures of the Republican party, but has
never been an aspirant for public office. He is
a valued member of the Presbyterian church, a
teacher of ability in the Sunday-school, and a
member of the Presbyterian session. He is also
trustee and treasurer of the Idaho College, and
takes a deep interest in its growth and prosperity.
A loyal citizen, public-spirited and progressive, a
successful merchant, and not unmindful of the
holier duties of life which lead to man's best de-
velopment, he commands the respect and confi-
dence of all whom he meets.

One of the popular and enterprising young
merchants of Payette is James A. Lauer, who is
numbered among Idaho's native sons, his birth
having occurred in Idaho City, on the 26th of
February, 1872. His father, William Lauer, is
numbered among the early settlers of the state,
having located here in 1861, and is the pioneer
hardware merchant of Payette. The subject of
this review was educated in the public schools
of Idaho City, and with his parents came to Pay-
ette in 1885. Here he accepted a position as
clerk in the general mercantile store of Mar-
quardsen & Lamme, acceptably serving in that
capacity for seven years, during which time he
mastered the business in every detail. Having
gained an excellent knowledge of the methods of
commercial life, in September, 1895, he began
business on his own account, opening a general
mercantile store in Payette. He carries a large
and carefully selected stock of goods, is a most
courteous and obliging salesman, and by means
of moderate prices, fair dealing and reliability he
has won success, his patronage constantly in-



Mr. Lauer is an active and valued member of
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, having
taken thedegrees in Payette Lodge, No. 22. He
has passed all the chairs in the lodge, and in
1896 was its representative in the grand lodge of

Online LibraryLewis Publishing Company. cnAn illustrated history of the state of Idaho, containing a history of the state of Idaho from the earliest period of its discovery to the present time, together with glimpses of its auspicious future; illustrations ... and biographical mention of many pioneers and prominent citizens of to-day .. → online text (page 105 of 136)