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An illustrated history of the state of Idaho, containing a history of the state of Idaho from the earliest period of its discovery to the present time, together with glimpses of its auspicious future; illustrations ... and biographical mention of many pioneers and prominent citizens of to-day .. online

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Online LibraryLewis Publishing Company. cnAn illustrated history of the state of Idaho, containing a history of the state of Idaho from the earliest period of its discovery to the present time, together with glimpses of its auspicious future; illustrations ... and biographical mention of many pioneers and prominent citizens of to-day .. → online text (page 79 of 136)
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their family of seven children only three are now
living.

John L. Chapman, whose name introduces this
sketch, was reared and educated in Mazomanie,
Wisconsin, and came to Lewiston in 1870, at the
age of nineteen years. He began working in the
lumber regions at day's work and engaged in
saw-milling, which he followed for sixteen years.
He has been a stalwart Republican since attain-
ing his majority, and in 1892 was appointed by
President Harrison to the position of postmaster
of Lewiston to fill out an unexpired term. At
the following election he was chosen by popular
ballot to the office of city treasurer, which posi-
tion he has filled most satisfactorily for the past
four years. In January, 1899, he was appointed
by President McKinley to ths position of post-
master, and at once began a work of improve-
ment in the Lewiston office, putting in new
boxes of the latest style and otherwise carrying
on the business on a progressive scale. As yet
this is only a third-class office, but it is now doing
the business of a second-class office and will
undoubtedly soon be raised to that rank.

Socially Mr. Chapman is connected with the
Independent Order of Odd Fellows and with the
Royal Arcanum, and has filled all the chairs in
the former. He was married in 1875 to Miss
Emma J. Thatcher. She was born in what was
then Oregon, and is a daughter of C. A.
Thatcher, an Oregon pioneer of 1852. Eight
children have been born of this union, of whom
seven are living. Their son, Charles, a promis-
ing young man of twenty-two years, was
drowned in the Clearwater river while in swim-
ming. The surviving children are Ralph H.,



HISTORY OF IDAHO.



John E., Guy E., Fannie K., Roy, Helen and
Willard L. John E. is efficiently assisting his
father in the post-office, in the capacity of deliv-
ery clerk. Mr. and Mrs. Chapman are valued
members of the Presbyterian church and he is
serving as one of the elders. Twenty-three years
ago they erected their pleasant home in Lewis-
ton, and through the intervening decades it has
always been noted for its hospitality and good
cheer. Mr. Chapman is regarded as a most
trustworthy and efficient officer in both positions
which he is filling, and in both public and private
life he has ever commanded the confidence and
respect of his many friends and acquaintances.

JOHN McCLELLAN.

John McClellan, one of the earliest pioneers of
Boise, Idaho, is a native of Ohio, born in Licking-
county, March i6, 1827, of Irish and English
extraction, his paternal ancestors being Irish, his
maternal, English. John McClellan, his father,
was born in Ireland in 1777, and in the year 1820
came to America, landing at New York, where
he remained for some time and where he was
married to Miss Amanda Reed, a native of New
York and a daughter of English parents. From
New York they removed to Dresden, Ohio,
where they resided until 1850. in which year he
and his wife and seven children crossed the plains
to Oregon, John, the subject of this sketch, at
that time being twenty-two years of age. That
year many of the overland emigrants died of
cholera, and several of the company with which
the McClellan family traveled were victims of
that dread disease and were buried by the way-
side, among them an aunt of our subject. His
immediate family, however, made the trip in
safety, and stopped first at Milwaukee, on the
Willamette river, six miles above Portland. Later
they removed to Yam Hill county and settled on
a farm, where the father spent the rest of his
life and died at the age of eighty-eight years. .Of
his family of seven who crossed the plains in 1850,
only four are now living, — John and three
sisters.

F"rom Dayton, Oregon, in 1863, John Mc-
Clellan, the subject of our sketch, came to
P)Oise, arriving on the 6th of May, or, rather,
came to where Boise is now located, for this
place was then a wilderness and there were plentv



of P.annack Indians camped near tne river. The
military post was not located until the 7th of
July following; the state capital a little later. Mr.
]\IcClellan's trip from Oregon to this place was
made with an ox train. He mined in the Owyhee,
— witnout success, however, and was at the
Florence mines for a short time, when he took
out forty dollars per day, after which he pros-
pected, again being unsuccessful. That same
year he took a claim to a tract of eighty acres of
land on the north side of the river, and built on
it a log cabin, which still stands on the property
in a good state of preservation, and which he
intends to keep there as long as he lives. Later
he built a good frame residence, the one ne now
occupies, which is surrounded with large fruit
trees, planted by his own- hands. In the course
of time the city of Boise grew out to his property
and he sold thirty acres of it for three hundred
dollars per acre, and on it have been built a
number of residences. Mr. McClellan, soon after
locating at Boise, floated logs down the river,
sawed them into lumber and built a ferry-boat,
with which for many years he ferried the people
across the river. Afterward he, in company with
others, built a toll-bridge, and had charge of
that some three years. Both of these undertak-
ings were a financial success. After selling them
he directed his energies to farming and raising
fruit and vegetables, and later gave attention to
the keeping of bees, in all of which he has been
fairly successful.

Mr. McClellan is a lifelong Republican, takin;.;-
an intelligent interest in public affairs, but never
caring for or seeking official honors. He is .^
member of the Alethodist Episcopal church and
was one of the early trustees of the church at
Boise. His sister. Miss Letta Ann, who came to
Boise in 1867, is his housekeeper, both having
remained unmarried. In their pleasant home
they extend to their neighbors and many friends
that genial hospitality so characteristic of the
west.

ADDISON V. SCOTT.

Addison V. Scott is well known throughout
southern Idaho as a shrewd and public-spirited
financier and real-estate operator, and ]\Irs.
.A.delia B. (Dugan) Scott, his wife, has wide dis-
tinction as having been the first w onian in Idaho
elected to the office of justice of the peace, the



418



HISTORY OF IDAHO.



important functions of which she is discharging
with admirable ability. They were married in
1883 and are among the prominent families of
Idaho Falls.

Addison ^'. Scott was born in ]Madison county,
Iowa, January 14, 1858, and is descended from
English-Irish ancestry. His forefathers settled
early in Indiana, and Joseph Scott, his grand-
father, became prominent in that state. Joseph
C. Scott, son of Joseph Scott and father of
Addison V. Scott, was born, reared and educated
in Indiana, and there married Miss Eliza Jane
Rawlings, a native of Indiana and daughter of
Rev. James Rawlings, of the Methodist Episco-
pal church, a man whose good life and good
works had a beneficent influence upon the people
among whom he lived and labored. Joseph C.
Scott and Eliza Jane (Rawlings) Scott had eight
children, only three of whom are living. The
father died, in 1897, at the age of seventy-one.
His wife, who was many years his junior, is now
(1899) sixty-five years old. Addison V. Scott,
their fourth child, was educated in the high
schools of Iowa, principally at Burlington, and
at the age of seventeen began to teach school.
He was successful in the work, but a business
career was more to his taste, and later he was a
clerk in mercantile houses until he secured a
position with a large real-estate, loan and bank-
ing firm. In 1883 he was called to tne cashiership
of the Creston (Iowa) National Bank, of which
J. B. Harsh was president. He resigned the
position four years later (1887) to go to Kansas.
He did not remain long in the Sunflower state,
however, but went to Colorado and there engaged
in the real-estate and banking business on his
own account. In 1890 he came to Idaho Falls,
from Denver, and opened a real-estate and fire-
msurance office. He secured a combination of
first-class fire-insurance companies, and his
knowledge of underwriting and his business
ability were such than he soon gained a large
and increasing patronage. He also dealt exten-
sively in real estate for himself and others and
platted Scott's Addition to Idaho Falls, which
has been partially sold off and built upon, and
built a hotel and a business block which are
among the prominent buildings of the town.
Soon after he came to southeastern Idaho, the
importance of irrigation became apparent to him,



and he became prominent in connection with the
work of the Idano Canal Company and later
with that of the ]\Iarysville Canal & Improve-
ment Company, which is doing much for the
improvement of Fremont county, and of which
he was elected secretary and treasurer, which
positions he holds at this time.

Mr. Scott is a Republican and takes an active
and helpful interest in the work of his party.
While he lived in Iowa he was elected city treas-
urer of Creston, and since coming to Idaho he
was appointed by Governor Willey one of the
first regents of the state university. There is no
movement for the public good that does not
receive Mr. Scott's hearty indorsement and
generous financial support, -and Mrs. Scott is
equally public-spirited. She is vice-president of
the Ladies' Improvement Society, of Idaho Falls,
an organization having for its object the improve ■
ment and beautifying of the town, whose work
has been so efTective that largely through its
agency, directly and indirectly, Idaho Falls is
cleaner and more attractive than many of her
sister towns.

Mr. and Mrs. Scott, who are communicants of
the Catholic church, did verv much toward the
building of the Catholic church at Idaho Falls
and have labored otherwise to advance the cause
of their church in the town of their adoption.

MICHAEL J. SHIELDS.

The life of Michael Joseph Shields affords an
illustration of the vicissitudes of business under
modern conditions ; it emphasizes the importance
of doing the right thing at the right time, and it
teaches a lesson of patience under difficulties and
perseverance against obstacles, — a lesson that
should not be lost upon all of the many
who need it. It is suggestive in another
way, too, because it affords an example,
in addition to many others that have been
given in the past, of the excellent quality of the
sturdy Irish-American character. ,

Mr. Shields, who is one of the most enter-
prising and influential citizens of Moscow and
who has the reputation of having done as much
toward the upbuilding of that city as any other
man, was born near Lockport, New York, Sep-
tember 15, 1853. His parents were natives of
Ireland. His father, John Shields a well known



HISTORY OF IDAHO.



419



contractor, was drowned at the age of thirty-
one while making improvements on a section of
the Erie canal. After his death his widow, with
three children, removed to Lockport. where she
died in her fifty-seventh year. After having
attended school at Rochester and Lockport, New
York, Michael Joseph Shields began the battle
of life as a driver on the Erie canal. His business
ability was exhibited early in his career, for at
seventeen we find him the owner of a team, at
work independently, towing canal-boats from
station to station, at two dollars a trip. From
this work he advanced to towing rafts of lumber
between Tonawanda and Troy, New York. In
1871, when he was eighteen, he went to San
Francisco, California, and found employment as
teamster for a wholesale commission house.

He soon won the confidence of his employers
to such an extent that he was made collector and
general outside man for the concern. In 1872
he had saved enough money to enable him to
buy a truck and team and engage in trucking
on his own account. He prosecuted that business
successfully until 1878, and then went with a very
snug sum of money, the result of his enterprise
and good management, to Walla Walla, Wash-
ington. He found an investment at Dayton,
Washington, where he completed and equipped
a hotel, which he sold, however, before it was
opened. He then bargained for a ranch consist-
ing of land for which he was to have paid the
sum of two thousand seven hundred dollars, but
other opportunities came to him which he
accepted as more promising, and he let the deal
fall through. In the light of subsequent events
he has considered this the great mistake of his
life; yet other men have made just such mis-
takes, some of them on a large scale. How could
he have known that a portion of the big city
would in a few years spring forth upon that
ranch? If he had possessed such foreknowledge
he would have made a still greater mistake in
not securing all the land now covered by
Spokane and its suburbs.

It was at Moscow that Mr. Shields made the
investment that he might have made at Spokane.
In March, 1879, he opened up a trade in farm
implements in Moscow. In 1882 he added hard-
ware stock and in 1885 a lumber yard, and he
did a growing, profitable business until 1895. ^'^t



that time the whole country was involved in
financial dif^culty. Banks were failing, shops
were shut down, crops failed and productive
energy was paralyzed. There were many failures
in the new west as a result of these conditions,
and Mr. Shields' failure was by no means one of
the largest of them. He had been engaged in
very extensive business operations for some
years. In 1887 he had built the Moscow planing
mills, and he owned and operated four sawmills.
He had built the works of the Moscow water
system and the Moscow electric-light plant. He
had built the Idaho University building, the
contract price for which was one hundred and
twenty-five thousand dollars, and he had built,
under contract, some of Idaho's largest public-
school buildings, and was thought to be worth at
least three hundred thousand dollars. He was
literally "driven to the wall" by adverse circum-
stances, but his spirit was not broken, nor did his
enterprise slumber. The Shields Company,
Limited, was organized and incorporated, and
Air. Shields was made its manager. Its success
has been noteworthy and it is now one of the
strongest concerns of the kind in the state. It
occupies a brick block, one hundred and forty by
one hundred and twenty-five feet, which Mr.
Shields erected in 1890.

There was not a citizen of Moscow who did
not sympathize with Mr. Shields in his trouble,
and there is not one who is not glad that he is
coming to the front again with a pronounced
business success that promises well for his luture.

Mr. Shields was married, in June, 1885, to Miss
Sarah A. Henry, a native of Massachusetts, who
has borne him four children, — Frederick Milton,
Madeline Mary, James Henry and John Lewis.
In politics Mr. Shields is a Republican, in reli-
gion a Catholic. He was a regent of the State
University of Idaho, and in that capacity did
much excellent and far-reaching work to advance
the cause of public education in his adopted
state.

JOSEPH B. HULSE.

Joseph B. Hulse, proprietor of the only photo-
graph gallery in Hailey, is a native of Iowa, born
in Glenwood, on the 3d of January, 1859. The
family, of German origin, was planted on
American soil at an early period in the historv of
New England. The grandfather, Joseph Hulse,



420



HISTORY OF IDAHO.



was a pioneer settler of the state of Ohio, and
his son, Henry A. Hulse, the father of our sub-
ject, was born near the old home of Abraham
Lincoln, in the vicinity of Springfield, Illinois.
Having arrived at years of maturity, he married
Caroline Maloon and removed to Iowa, whence
he afterward went to Pike's Peak. In 1863 he
removed with his family to Denver, Colorado,
and in 1866 went to Saline county, Nebraska,
settling on a farm' on a tributary of the Blue
river, where he remained until 1880. In that
year he became a resident of Oregon, taking up
his abode near LaGrande, Union county, where
he remained until called to the home beyond, in
1893, at the age of fifty-seven years. His widow
still resides there and is now fifty-six years of
age. They were the parents of eight children,
five of whom are living.

In the public schools Joseph B. Hulse acquired
his literary education, pursuing his studies
through the fall and winter months, while in the
summer season he assisted in the labors of the
home farm. In early life he began to learn the
art of photography, and in 1889 established a
gallery in Alturas, California, where he remained
three years, after which he spent nearly a year at
Lake View, Oregon. He then went to Mountain
Home, and after passing a winter there came to
Hailey, in the spring of 1895. Here he opened
his art gallery, the only one in the town, and has
since conducted a successful business, receiving
all the patronage of the entire county in his line.



He does his work in a most artistic manner and
after the most approved processes in photog-
raphy, and his work gives general satisfaction.
This, combined with his reasonable prices and
his uniform courtesy to his patrons, has secured
him a large and profitable business.

Mr. Hulse voted with the Republican party
until 1892, when, on account of his views on the
money question, he transferred his allegiance to
the Populist party, and in the fall of 1898 was
elected on that ticket to the state legislature,
receiving a flattering majority. His careful
consideration of matters of public moment and
his adherence to a course which he believes to be
right make him a valued member of the house
and a worthy representative of the interests of
his constituents.

Socially Mr. Hulse is chief forester of the
Modern Woodmen Camp of Hailey. He has in
Blaine county a wide acquaintance and many
friends, and a home which is a favorite resort
with many of the best people of the community.
He was married in 1892 to Miss Kittle G. Spar-
gur, a native of Reno, Nevada, and a daughter of
Henry L. Spargur, an attornev of Alturas, Cali-
fornia. Prior to her marriage she was a success-
ful teacher in the public schools of California.
She is descended from German ancestors, the
family having first been founded in New York,
whence representatives of the name went to Ohio.
Mr. and Mrs. Hulse have three cliildren, —
Amidol A., Henry D. and Joseph B.



CHAPTER XXIX.



MINES AND MINING.



IDAHO is essentially a mining territory. It
was her mines that first stimulated immigra-
tion to within her borders, and it is to the
results of the mines that her present prosperity
is due in a great measure. Now that mining has
been reduced to a legitimate occupation, there is
less reckless speculation, perhaps, than of old,
but more solid, substantial business. The days
of stock gambling in mining properties are about
over. Science, aided by practical experience, has
taught the best methods of treating ores. Capi-
talists no longer purchase prospects for fabulous
prices on the strength of picked specimens or the
vicinity of rich claims. It is a fortunate circum-
stance for Idaho that mining has been for the
most part a steady, productive industry, yielding
rich returns to the patient and intelligent pros-
pector, and that it has not been necessary to
rely on fictitious "booms."

As in the case of mining countries generally,
the placer mines first attracted attention. The
placers of Boise basin, Salmon river, and other
localities had yielded rich returns. But it is
within a comparatively recent period that quartz
mining has become as general as at present in
southern and central Idaho. Even now in well
known mining regions there are many miles as
yet unexplored.

The minerals of Idaho are gold, silver, copper,
iron, lead, plumbago, quicksilver, coal, and
others. There are also mountains of sulphur,
productive salt springs, quarries of the finest
marble and building stone, large deposits of
mica, and various varieties of semi-precious
stones. Her precious-metal belt is three hundred
and fifty miles long, and from ten to one hundred
and fifty miles wide.

DISCOVERY OF GOLD.

It is reported that gold was discovered by a
French Canadian in Pend d'Oreille river, in 1852.
Two years later General Lander found gold while
exploring the route for a military road from the



Columbia to Fort Bridger. The earliest discov-
eries of which we have any authentic record,
however, were probablv made by members of the
party with that veteran pioneer and path-finder,
Captain John Mullan, the originator of the now
famous Mullan road from Fort Benton to Walla
Walla, a distance of six hundred and twenty-
four miles. In a letter dated Washington, D. C,
June 4, 1884, to Mr. A. F. Parker, of Eagle City,
he says:

I am not at all surprised at the discovery of nume-
rous rich gold deposits in your mountains, because
both on the waters of the St. Joseph and the Coeur
d'Alene, when there many years ago, I frequently
noticed vast masses of quartz strewing the ground,
particularly on the St. Joseph river, and wide veins o!
quartz projecting at numerous points along the line
of my road along the Coeur d'Alene, all of which
indicated the presence of gold. Nay, more: I now
recall quite vividly the fact that one of my herders
and hunters, a man by the name of Moise, coming
into camp one day with a handful of coarse gold,
which he said he found on the waters of the north
{ork of the Coeur d'Alene while out hunting for our
expedition. This was in 1858 or 1859. The members
of my expedition were composed very largely of old
miners from California, and having had more or less
experience in noticing the indication of mineral de-
posits, their universal verdict was that the entire coun-
try, from Coeur d'Alene lake on toward and including
the east slope of the Rocky mountains, was one vast
gold-bearing country, and I was always nervous as to



the possible discovery of gold along the



of my



road; and I am now frank to say that I did nothmg
to encourage its discovery at that time, for I feared
that any rich discovery would lead to a general stam-
pede of my men from my expedition, and thus destroy
the probable consummation of my work during the
time within which I desired to complete the same. I
then regarded it as of the first importance to myself
and to the public to open a base line from the plains
of the Spokane on the west to the plains of the Mis-
souri on the east, from which other lines could be
subsequently opened, and by means of which the cor-
rect geography of the country could be delineated. My
object at that time was to ascertain whether there was
a practicable railroad line through the valleys, and if
there existed any practicable pass in the main range



HISTORY OF IDAHO.



of the Rocky mountains through which, in connection
with the proper approaches thereto, we could carry a
wagon road, to be followed by a railroad line, and I
did not hesitate to make all other considerations sec-
ondary or subordinate thereto, believing then, and
knowing now, that if a railroad line was projected and
completed through the valleys and the passes of the
Rocky mountains, between the forty-fifth and forty-
eighth parallels of latitude, all other developments
would naturally and necessarily soon follow.

A romantic tale is told of the discoveries which
led to the Oro Fino excitement in i860. Tra-
dition relates that a Nez Perce Indian, in i860,
informed Captain E. D. Pierce that while himself
and two companions were camping at night
among the defiles of his native mountains, an
apparition in the shape of a brilliant star sud-
denly burst forth from among the clififs. They
believed it to be the eye of the Great Spirit, and
when daylight had given them sufficient courage
they sought the spot and found a glittering ball
that looked like glass, embodied in the solid rock.
The Indians believed it to be "great medicine,"
but could not get it from its resting place. With
his ardent imagination fired by such a tale,
Captain Pierce organized a company, and with
the hope of finding the "eye of their Manitou,"
explored the mountains in the country of the
Nez Perces.

He was accompanied by W. F. Bassett,
Thomas Walters, Jonathan Smith, and John and
James Dodge. The Indians distrusted them,
however, and refused to permit them to make
further search. Thev would doubtless have had
to leave the country had not a Nez Perce squaw
come to their relief and piloted them through
to the north fork of the Clearwater and the
Palouse country, cutting a trail for days through
the small cedars, reaching a mountain meadow,



Online LibraryLewis Publishing Company. cnAn illustrated history of the state of Idaho, containing a history of the state of Idaho from the earliest period of its discovery to the present time, together with glimpses of its auspicious future; illustrations ... and biographical mention of many pioneers and prominent citizens of to-day .. → online text (page 79 of 136)