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Lewis Randolph Hamersly.

The records of living officers of the U. S. navy and Marine corps: with a history of naval operations during the rebellion of 1861-5, and a list of the ships and officers participating in the great battles online

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Online LibraryLewis Randolph HamerslyThe records of living officers of the U. S. navy and Marine corps: with a history of naval operations during the rebellion of 1861-5, and a list of the ships and officers participating in the great battles → online text (page 17 of 42)
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Fisher, December, 1864, and January, 1865 ; Naval Academy, 1866-7 ; steamer
Powhatan, flag-ship South Pacific Squadron, 1867-9.



LIEUTENANT-COMMANDER ALFRED HOPKINS.

Born in New York. Appointed October 1st, 1851 ; Naval School, 1851-5 ;
frigate Congress, Mediterranean Squadron, 1856-8; promoted to Master, Novem-
ber 4th, 1858 ; brig Bainbridge, Mediterranean Squadron, 1858-9 ; commissioned
as Lieutenant, 1861; steamer Louisiana, North Atlantic Blockading Squadron,
1861-2 ; commissioned as Lieutenant-Commander, July 16th, 1862 ; iron-clad
steamer Lehigh, South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1862-4; capture of
Roanoke Island, and of rebel squadron off Elizabeth city ; capture of Newborn ;
bombardment of Fort Sumpter during several days, in November, 1863 ; also
several small affairs around Sewell's Point, and on the eastern shore of Vir-
ginia; Naval Academy, 1865; steamer Florida, North Atlantic Squadron,
1866-7; steamer De Soto, North Atlantic Squadron, 1868; receiving-shiT),
Philadelphia, 1868-9. -



LIEUTENANT-COMMANDERS. 139

LIEUTENANT-COMMANDER MONTGOMERY SICARD.

Born in New York, September 30th, 1836. Appointed fjom New York,
October 1st, 1851 ; Naval Academy, 1851-5 ; attached to frigate Potomac,
Home Squadron, 1855-6; steam-frigate Wabash, Home Squadron, 1856-9;
promoted to Master. November, 4th, 1858; commissioned as Lieutenant, 1861;
steam-sloop Dacotah, 1861; steam-sloop Oneida, Western Gulf Squadron, 1862-3.

Bombardment and passage of Forts Jackson and St. Philip, and Chalmetto
batteries, and destruction of rebel flotilla and transports, April 24th, 1862 ;
passage of Vicksburg batteries, June, 1862 ; engagement vrith rebel ram Ar-
kansas, July, 1862 ; commissioned as Lieutenant-Commander, July 16th, 1862;
steam-sloop Ticonderoga, South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1864-5.

Two attacks on Fort Fisher, in December, 1864, and January, 1865 ; naval
and land assault on Fort Fisher, January i5th, 1865 ; bombardment of Fort
Anderson, February, 1865; Naval Academy, 1866-8 ; steam-sloop Pensaoola,
North Atlantic Squadron, 1868-9 : at present, commanding steamer Saginaw,
Pacific Fleet.



LIEUTENANT EDMUND 0. MATTHEWS.

Born in Missouri. Appointed from Missouri, October 2d, 1851; Naval
Academy, 1851-5; frigate Potomac, Home Squadron, 1855-6; steam-frigate
Wabash, Home Squadron, 1857 ; sloop Saratoga, Home Squadron, 1858 ; pro-
moted to Master, November 4th, 1858 ; sloop Macedonian, Mediterranean
Squadron, 1859 ; commissioned as Lieutenant, 1861 ; steam-frigate Wabash,
1861 ; Naval Academy, 1862-4 ; commissioned as Lieutenant-Commander, July
16th, 1862 ; South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1864-5 ; capture of forts at
Hatteras Inlet ; commanded Naval Light Artillery, at Honey Hill, South Caro-
lina, November 30th, 1864 ; battles at Tullifermy Cross Roads, December, 1864;
Naval Academy, 1866-9 ; at present, in charge of Torpedo Corps.



LIEUTENANT-COMMANDER EDWARD P. LULL.

Born in Vermont, February 23d, 1836. Appointed from Wisconsin, Octo-
ber 7th, 1851 ; Naval Academy, 1851-5; attached to frigate Congress, Mediter-
ranean Squadron, 1856-8 ; promoted to Master, November 8th, 1858 ; steam-frigate
Roanoke, Home Squadron, 1858-61 ; engagement between Roanoke and forts
at Hatteras Inlet, July, 1861; commissioned as Lieutenant, 1860; Naval
Academy, 1862-3 ; commissioned as Lieutenant-Commander, July 16th, 1862 ;
steam-sloop Brooklyn, West Gulf Blockading Squadron, 1864 ; passage of
forts in Mobile Bay, and engagement of lebel gunboats, August 5th,
1864 ; bombardment of Fort Morgan, August 14th, 1864 ; commanding cap-
tured iron-clad Tennessee, Mississippi Squadron, 1864-5 ; commanded Tennes-
see at the bombardment of Fort Morgan, August 22d, 1864; steamer Swatara,
West India Squadron, 1866 ; Naval Academy, 1867-9.



140 LIEUTENANT-COMMANDERS.

LIEUTENANT-COMMANDEE ALEXANDER F. CROSMAN.

Born in Missouri, June llth, 1838. Appointed from Pennsylvania, Octo-
ber 1st, 1851 ; Naval Academy, 1851-5 ; attached to frigate Congress, Mediter-
ranean Squadron, 1856-8 ; promoted to Master, November 4th, 1858 ; steamer
M. W. Chapin, Brazil Squadron and Paraguay Expedition, 1858-9; commis-
sioned as Lieutenant, 1861 ; steam-sloop Mohican, 1861 ; steam gunboat
Tahoma, East Gulf Squadron, 1861-2 ; commanding steamer Somerset, East
Gulf Squadron, 1862; commissioned as Lieutenant-Commander, July 16th,
1862 ; steam-frigate Wabash, South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1863-4 ;
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1865.

Engagements at Honey Hill with Naval Brigade of South Atlantic Blockading
Squadron, Devaux creek and two others, all on the expedition commanded
by General Hatch, endeavoring to sever the railroad between Charleston and
Savannah. Two engagements with battery Marshall, on east end of Sullivan's
Island. Engagement with Fort Pringle on Stono river. Co-operated with the
army on Stono river several times, engaging Fort Lamar once.

Naval Academy, 1866; steamer Ossipee, North Pacific Squadron, 1867-8;
temporary command of barque Onward, store-ship of South Pacific Squadron,
1868-9 ; at present, Navy Yard, Portsmouth, N. H.



LIEUTENANT-COMMANDER CHARLES S. NORTON.

Born in New York. Appointed from New York, October 3d, 1851 ; Naval
Academy, 1851-5 ; attached to frigate Potomac, Home Squadron, 1855-6 ;
steam-frigate Wabash, Home Squadron, 1856-8; promoted to Master, Novem-
ber 4th, 1858 ; Mediterranean Squadron, 1858-60 ; commissioned as Lieuten-
ant, 1861; steam-sloop Seminole, 1861; battle of Port-Royal; commissioned
as Lieutenant-Commander, July 16th, 1862 ; steam gunboat Maratanza,
North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1862-3; steamer Fort Jackson, North
Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1863-4; steam-sloop Richmond, Western Gulf
Blockading Squadron, 1864-5 ; steamer Shamrock, European Squadron,
1866-8 ; receiving-ship. New York, 1866-8.



LIEUTENANT-COMMANDER ROBERT P. BRADFORD.

Born in Massachusetts. Appointed from Massachusetts, May 21st, 1852 ;
Naval Academy, 1852-6 ; steam-frigate Merrimack, special service, 1856-7 ;
steam-frigate Merrimack, Pacific Squadron, 1857-8 ; promoted to Master, 1859 ;
commissioned as Lieutenant, 1861 ; sloop Portsmouth, 1861 ; steam gunboat
Chooura, North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1861-8 ; engaged in the reduc-
tion of Yorktown and Gloucester, and on the York river, in 1863 ; Naval Aca-
demy, 1865-7; steamer Minnesota, special service, 1867-8; commanding
steamer Aroostook, Asiatic Squadron, 1868-9 ; at present, commanding steamer
Ashuelot, Asiatic Fleet.



LIETJTENANT-OOMMANDEES. 141

/

LIEUTENANT-COMMANDER ROBERT L. PHYTHIAN.

Born in New York. Appointed from New York, January 28th, 1852;
Naval Academy, 1852-6; attached to frigate St. Lawrence, Brazil Squadron,
1857-9 ; promoted to Master, 1859 ; sloop Jamestown, 1861 ; commissioned as
Lieutenant, 1861 ; Naval Academy, 1862-3 ; commissioned as Lieutenant-
Conamander, July 16th, 1862 ; iron-clad Lehigh, South Atlantic Blockading
Squadron, 1863-4 ; iron-clad New Ironsides, South Atlantic Blockading Squad-
ron, 1864-5 ; Naval Academy, 1866-9.



LIEUTENANT-COMMANDER AUGUSTUS P. COOKE.

Born in New York. Appointed from New York, May 27th, 1852 ; Naval
Academy, 1852-6; steam-frigate Wabash, Home Squadron, 1856-8; promoted
to Master, 1859 ; commissioned as Lieutenant, 1861 ; steam-sloop San Jacinto,
1861; steam gunboat Pinola, Western Gulf Squadron, 1862-3; commissioned
as Lieutenant-Commander, August 11th, 1862 ; commanding steamer Estrella,
Western Gulf Squadron, 1864 ; Naval Academy, 1865-7 ; steam-frigate Frank-
lin, flag-ship European Squadron, 1867-8; steam-sloop Ticonderoga, European
Squadron, 1868-9 ; at present. Naval Academy.



LIEUTENANT-COMMANDER LE ROY FITCH.

Born in Indiana, October 1st, 1835. Appointed from Indiana, October 1st,
1851; Naval School, 1851-6; attached to sloop St. Marys, Pacific Squadron,
1856-9 ; promoted to Master, 1859; commissioned as Lieutenant, 1861 ; steamer
Wyandot, 1861; Mississippi Squadron, 1861-5 ; engaged at Island No. 10,
and Fort Pillow; capture of Memphis, Tennessee, and destruction of rebel fleet;
Fort Donaldson, Cumberland river, February 3d, 1863.

On the morning of the 19th July, 1863, Lieutenant-Commander Le Roy
Fitch, then in command of the steamer Moose, intercepted the flying guerilla
Morgan, frustrating him in his attempts to recross the Ohio, at Buffington
Island, having followed him for more than five hundred miles up the river.
The zeal, energy and ability displayed by Lieutenant-Commander Fitch called
forth complimentary letters from Generals Burnside and Cox, and also a con-
gratulatory letter from Secretary Welles, in which he says: "Your pursuit of
the flying guerilla Morgan, intercepting him, and frustrating him in his attempts
to recross the Ohio, capturing his train, a portion of his guns, and routing his
band, all of which materially crippled his strength and led to his final capture,
gives additional evidence of your zeal and activity, and reflects additional credit
on the service and yourself."

Defended Johnsonville, Tenn., from the attack of the rebel general Forrest ;
engagement before Nashville, Tennessee, during the operations of Hood ; nu-
merous minor engagements with guerillas on the Mississippi, Cumberland and
Tennessee rivers ; was on several land expeditions with the army up the Ten-
nessee, Cumberland and Ohio rivers ; commissioned as Lieutenant-Commander,
September 21st, 1862 ; Naval Academy, 1866; commanding steamer Marble-
head, North Atlantic Squadron, 1867-8.



142 LIEUTENANT-COMMANDERS.

LIEUTENANT-COMMANDER THOMAS H. EASTMAN.

Born in New York, August, 1847. Appointed from New Hampshire, Janu-
ary 31st, 1853 ; Naval Academy, 1853-6; attaclied to steam-frigate Wabash,
Home Squadron, 1856-8; promoted to Master, 1859 ; commissioned as Lieu-
tenant, 1860 ; commanding steamer Yankee, Potomac flotilla, 1861 ; steamer
Thomas Freeborn, Potomac flotilla, 1861 ; numerous sharp engagements with
rebel batteries and guerrillas on the Potomac and Rappahannock rivers, 1861 ;
steamer Keystone State, Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1861-3 ; engagement
with Forts Hattsras and Clarke; engagement of Keystone State with rebel
iron-clads Chicura and Palmetto, off Charleston, in 1863 ; commissioned as
Lieutenant-Commander, September 30th, 1862 ; South Atlantic Blockading
Squadron, 1868-5; on board the Weehawken at the reduction of Fort Sump-
ter and Charleston, South Carolina; Naval Academy, 1866-7; commanding
steamer Penobscot, North Atlantic Squadron, 1867вАФ9.



LIEUTENANT-COMMANDER RUSH R. WALLACE.

BoKN in Tennessee, November 7th, 1835. Appointed from Tennessee, Blay
25th, 1852 ; Naval Academy, 1852-6 ; attached to frigate St. Lawrence, Brazil
Squadron, 1856-9 ; promoted to Master, 1859 ; commissioned as Lieutenant,
1861 ; steamer Crusader, 1861 ; sloop Constellation, Mediterranean Squadron,
1861-3 ; commissioned as Lieutenant-Commander, October 1st, 1862 ; steam-
sloop Shenandoah, North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1863-5 ; present at the
two attacks on Fort Fisher, December, 1864 and January, 1865 ; steamer Fort
Jackson, Western Gulf Blockading Squadron, 1865; Naval Academy, 1866-7;
frigate Guerriere, flag-ship South Atlantic Squadron, 1868 ; steam-sloop Rich-
mond, European Fleet, 1868-9.



LIEUTENANT-COMMANDER CHESTER HATFIELD.

Born in Massachusetts. Appointed from New York, May 21st, 1852 ;
Naval Academy, 1852-6 ; attached to steam-frigate Merrimack, special service,
1856-7 ; steam-frigate Merrimack, Pacific Squadron, 1857-8 ; promoted to Mas-
ter, 1859 ; commissioned as Lieutenant 1860 ; steamer Mohawk, 1861 ; steam
gunboat Owasco, West Gulf Blockading Squadron, 1862-3 ; bombardment and
passage of Forts Jackson and St. Philip, and attack on Vicksburg; capture of
GalvestoD(, Texas ; commissioned as Lieutenant-Commander, October 2d, 1862 ;
commanding steam gunboat Aroostook, West Gulf Blockading Squadron,1863-4 ;
steamer Roanoke, North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1864-5 ; Naval Acade-
my, 1866 ; steamer Ashuelot, Asiatic Squadron, 1867 ; steam-sloop Shenandoah,
Asiatic Squadron, 1868-9 ; at present on duty at Navy Yard, New York.



LIEOTENANT-COMMANDEES. 143

LIEUTENANT-COMMANDEE CHARLES J. McDOUGAL.

Born in New York. Appointed from Pennsylvania, May 26th, 1852;
Naval Academy, 1852-6; attached to sloop Cyane, Home Squadron, 1856-8;
sloop Marion, Coast of Africa, 1858-60; promoted to Master, 1859; commis-
sioned as Lieutenant, January 23d, 1861 ; steamer Saginaw, 1861 ; steam gun-
boat Port-Royal, East Grulf Blockading Squadron, 1862-3 ; commissioned as
Lieutenant-Commander, November 16th, 1862 ; commanding steamer Hendrick
Hudson, East Gulf Blockading Squadron, 1863-5 ; commanding steamer Ca-
manohe, San Francisco, California, 1865-6 ; commanding store-ship James-
town, North Pacific Squadron, 1866-8; steam-sloop Guerriere, flag-ship South
Atlantic Squadron, 1868-9.



LIEUTENANT-COMMANDER GEORGE H. PERKINS.

Born in New Hampshire, October 21st, 1831. Appointed from New Hamp-
shire, October 1st, 1851 ; Naval Academy, 1851-6 ; attached to sloop Cyane,
Home Squadron, 1856-8 ; store-ship Release, Brazil Squadron, 1858-60 ; pro-
moted to Master, 1859; steamer Sumpter, 1861; commissioned as Lieutenant,
February 2d, 1861 ; steam gunboat Cayuga, Western Gulf Blockading Squad-
ron, 1862-8 ; commissioned as Lieutenant-Commander, December 13th, 1862 ;
commanding steam gunboat Sciota, Western Gulf Blockading Squadron, 1863-5 ;
bombardment of the forts below New Orleans and Chalmette batteries ; passage
of the forts in Mobile Bay and capture of the city ; skirmishes on the Blissis-
sippi in the New London, Cayuga and Sciota, and on the blockade of the Coast
of Texas in the Sciota; special duty, New Orleans, 1866; steam-sloop Lacka-
wanna, North Pacific Squadron, 1867-8. At present, ordnance duty, Boston.



LIEUTENANT-COMMANDER WELD N. ALLEN.

Born in Maine, March 27th, 1837. Appointed from Maine, May 24th, 1852 ;
Naval School, 1852-6; attached to sloop Cyane, Home Squadron, 1857-8;
brig Perry, Brazil Squadron, 1858-60 ; Navy Yard, Washington, 1861 ; com-
missioned as Lieutenant, February 24th, 1861 ; steam gunboat Kanawha, West-
ern Gulf Blockading Squadron, 1862-3 ; commissioned as Lieutenant-Com-
mander, January 2d, 1863; commanding steamer New London, Western Gulf
Squadron, 1863-4 ; steam-sloop Tuscarora, South Atlantic Blockading Squad-
ron, 1864-5 ; two attacks on Fort Fisher, December, 1864, and January,
1865; assault on Fort Fisher, January 15th, 1865.

In this engagement Lieutenant-Commander Allen was wounded in the left
arm.

Steam-sloop Ticonderoga, European Squadron, 1866-8 ; receiving-ship, Bos-
ton, 1869.



LIEUTENANT-COMMANDER NATHANIEL GREEN.

Born in Pennsylvania. Appointed from Pennsylvania, May 28th, 1852-6 ;
ittached to steam-frigate Wabash, Home Squadron, 1856-8 ; sloop St. Louis,



144 LIETJTENANT-COMMANDEES.

1861; commissioned as Lieutenant, February 27th, 1861; steam gunboat Ka-
tahdin, Western Gulf Squadron, 1861-3.

Eeinforcement of Fort Pickens, April, 1861 ; bombardment and passage of
forts below New Orleans and ChaJmette batteries; operations against Vicks-
burg from April to September, 1862 ; battle of Baton Rouge and destruction of
the rebel ram Arkansas; numerous skirmishes along the Mississippi river,
while on the Katahdin and Genessee ; siege and surrender of Port Hudson ;
capture of the city of Mobile.

Commissioned as Lieutenant-Commander, January 2d, 1863 ; Naval Acad-
emy, 1865-6 ; receiving-ship Vermont, 1867-8 ; steam-sloop Contoocook, flag-
ship North Atlantic Squadron, 1868-9.



LIEUTENANT-COMMANDER FRANCIS B. BLAKE.

Born in Pennsylvania. Appointed from same State, September 30th, 1853 ;
Naval Academy, 1853-7 ; attached to steam-frigate Minnesota, East India
Squadron, 1857-9; steam-frigate Colorado, 1861; commissioned as Lieutenant,
March 4th, 1861 ; steam gunboat Kennebec, Western Gulf Blockading Squad-
ron, 1861-2 ; destruction of rebel privateer Judith, at Pensacola, September
14th, 1861 ; bombardment and passage of forts Jackson and St. Philip, and
passage of Vieksburg, June, 1862 ; Naval Academy, 1863-4 ; commissioned as
Lieutenant-Commander, January 2, 1863 ; steamer Susquehanna, Brazil Squad-
ron, 1865-6; commanding steamer Nipsic, South Atlantic Squadron, 1866-7;
Naval Academy, 1868.



LIEUTENANT-COMMANDER JAMES M. PRITCHETT.

Born in Indiana, August 25th, 1836. Appointed from Indiana, May 27th,
1852; Naval Academy, 1852-7; attached to steam-frigate Mississippi, East India
Squadron, 1857-9 ; Navy Yard, Washington, 1851 ; commissioned as Lieuten-
ant, April 3d, 1861 ; Mississippi flotilla, 1861-2 ; steam gunboat Tyler, Mis-
sissippi Squadron, 1863-4; at Haines' Bluff, December, 1862; siege of
Vieksburg, 1863; numerous skirmishes on the Mississippi river; commis-
sioned as Lieutenant-Commander, January 2d, 1864 ; steamer Mahopac, South
Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1864-5 ; steamer Augusta, European Squadron,
1866-7; steamer Tuscarora, South Pacific Squadron, 1868-9; at present
steam-sloop Dacotah, Pacific Fleet.



LIEUTENANT-COMMANDER EDWARD TERRY.

Born in Connecticut. Appointed from Connecticut, September 21st, 1853;
Naval Academy, 1853-7 ; attached to sloop Germantown, East India Squadron,
1857-9; steam-sloop Richmond, Western Gulf Blockading Squadron, 1861-5 ;
engagement with rebel ram Manassas, and steamers in the Mississippi river,



LIBTJTENANT-OOMMANDERS. 145

October 12tli, 1861; Fort McEae and rebel batteries, November 22d, 1861;
bombardment and passage of Forts Jackson and St. Philip, capture of New
Orleans and passage of Vicksburg, bombardment of batteries at Port Hudson,
March 14th, 1863 ; battle of Mobile bay, August 5th, 1864 ; commissioned as
Lieutenant-Commander, January 4th, 1863; steam-frigate Powhatan, Pacific
Squadron, 1866-7 ; Naval Academy, 1868-9.



LIEUTENANT-COMMANDER FEANCIS M. BUNCE.

Born in Connecticut. Appointed from same State, May 28th, 1852 ; Naval
Academy, 1852-7; attached to sloop Germantown, East India Squadron,
1857-9 ; sloop Macedonian, 1861 ; commissioned as Lieutenant, April 11th,
1861 ; steam gunboat Penobscot, North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1861-2 ;
skirmishes at Yorktown and Gloucester, April, 1862; engagements at Fort
Fisher and other rebel batteries at mouth of Cape Fear river, from May to
August, 1862 ; steam-sloop Pawnee, South Atlantic Squadron, 1863 ; iron-clad
Catskill, South Atlantic Squadron, 1863-4.

JulyiOth, 1863, commanded aboat expedition co-operating with Gen. Gilmore
in assault on and capture of a part of Morris Island ; participated in all actions at
siege of Charleston, from July 16th to November 12th, 1863; attack upon Fort
Sumpter, September 8th, 1863 ; was wounded by the premature explosion of a
one hundred and fifty pound rifled gun in the turret of the iron-clad Patapsoo.

Commissioned as Lieutenant-Commander, January 16th, 1863 ; iron-clad
Dictator, North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1864; commanding iron-clad
Monadnock, special cruise, 1865-6 ; Navy Yard, Boston, 1867-9.



LIEUTENANT-COMMANDEE BYEON WILSON.

Born in Ohio, December 17th, 1837. Appointed from Ohio, January 31st,
1853 ; Naval Academy, 1853-7 ; attached to steam-frigate Mississippi, East
India Squadron, 1857-9 ; steamrsloop Eichmond, Western Gulf Squadron, 1861 ;
commissioned as Lieutenant, April 16th, 1861 ; commanding iron-clad Mound
City and a division of the Mississippi Squadron, 1864-5 ; passage of Vicksburg
batteries, April 16th, 1863 ; attack on Grand Gulf, April, 1863; Deer Creek,
1863 ; Eed Eiver Expedition, 1864 ; commissioned as Lieutenant-Commander,
November 5th, 1863 ; steam-sloop Saranac, Pacific Squadron, 1866-8 ; steam-
sloop Plymouth, European Fleet, 1868-9.



LIEUTENANT-COMMANDEE HENEY B. SEELY.

BoEN in New York, July 7th, 1838. Appointed from New York, May 26th,

1852 ; Naval Academy, 1852-7 ; attached to steam-frigate Minnesota, East

India Squadron, 1857-9 ; steamer Keystone State, 1861 ; commissioned as

Lieutenant, April 17th, 1861 ; steamer Sumpter, South Atlantic Blockading

10



146 LIEUTENANT-COMMANDERS.

Squadron, 1862 ; steam-sloop Narragansett, Pacific Squadron, 1863-5 ; commis-
sioned as Lieutenant-Commander, February 21st, 1864; steamer Bienville,
1866 ; steamer Pawnee, South Atlantic Squadron, 1867-9.



LIEUTENANT-COMMANDER FREDERICK V. MoNAIR.

Born in Pennsylvania. Appointed from Pennsylvania, September 21st,
1853 ; Naval Academy, 1853-7 ; steam-frigate Minnesota, East India Squad-
ron, 1857-9 ; steam-sloop Iroquois, West Gulf Squadron, 1861-2; bombardment
of Forts Jackson and St. Philip and Chalmette batteries ; engagement at Grand
Gulf; passage both ways of Vicksburg batteries, and destruction of rebel ram
Arkansas ; commissioned as Lieutenant, April 18th, 1861 ; steam-sloop Juniata,
1862-3 ; steam-sloop Seminole, Western Gulf Blockading Squadron, 1863^ ;
steam-sloop Juniata, South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1864-5 ; at both
attacks on Fort Fisher ; commissioned as Lieutenant-Commander, April 20th,
1864 ; steam-sloop Juniata, Brazil Squadron, 1865-6 ; steamer Brooklyn, flag-
ship South Atlantic Squadron, 1866-7 ; Naval Academy, 1868 ; frigate Frank-
lin, flag-ship European Squadron, 1868-9.



LIEUTENANT-COMMANDER WILLIAM B. GUSHING.

Born in Wisconsin. Appointed from New York, September 25th, 1857 ;
resigned, 1858; re-entered the service as an acting officer in 1861; commis-
sioned as Lieutenant, United States Navy, July 16th, 1862 ; attached to North
Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1861-5.

On the 23d of November, 1862, Lieutenant Cushing, then in command of
the steamer Ellis, entered New River Inlet, with orders to capture the town of
Jacksonville, intercept the Wilmington mail, take possession of any vessels
found in the river, and to destroy any salt works found on its banks. At 1 P.
M. he reached the town of Jacksonville, captured twenty-five stand of public
arms, a large mail and two schooners. He then started down the river, shelling
a rebel camp on his way, and came to anchor about five miles from the outer bar,
it being impossible to take the steamer from the river that night. On the fol-
lowing morning the enemy opened on him with two pieces of artillery from a
blufi', but were soon silenced, the Ellis passing within short range without re-
ceiving fire. At about five hundred yards from this point the Ellis grounded,
and every efi'ort was made to get her afloat, but without success. Everything
was removed from the steamer excepting the pivot-gun and a few small arms ;
the crew were called to muster and told that they could go aboard the prize
schooner. Lieutenant Cushing then called for six volunteers to remain with
him on board the Ellis and fight the remaining gun. Six men came forward,
two Masters' Mates, Valentine and Barton, amongst the number. The schooner
was ordered to drop down the channel and await the termination of the impend-
ing engagement. On the morning of the 25th, the enemy opened a cross fire
on the Ellis from four points with heavy rifled guns, so disabling the vessel that
the only alternatives left were surrender, or a pull of one and a half miles in a
small boat, under fire, to the schooner; the latter alternative was chosen. Lieu-



LIEUTENANT-COMMANDERS. 147

tenant Cushing fired the Ellis, reached the schooner and made sail for sea, and
four hours later arrived at Beaufort. The coolness, courage and conduct of
Lieutenant Gushing was specially commended in the official reports of Com-
mander H. K. Davenport and Acting Rear Admiral S. P. Lee, commanding
N. A. B. Squadron.

On the night of the 27th of October, 1864, Lieutenant Gushing ascended
the Koanoke river in a torpedo-boat, having the second cutter of the steamer
Shamrock in tow, for the purpose of blowing up the rebel ram Albemarle, at
Plymouth. He passed the rebel steamer Southfield without being noticed, and
arrived within a short distance of the ram before he was discovered, when he
cast loose the cutter, ordering her to board the Southfield and capture the picket
stationed there, while he attacked the ram with the torpedo. Although
the enemy kept up a severe fire of musketry and with howitzers mounted on the
wharf, he succeeded in exploding his torpedo under the Albemarle at the same
instant that the gun of that vessel, to which they were directly opposite, was
fired on the torpedo-boat, which immediately filled, and the Lieutenant ordered
his oflBcers and men to save themselves, and jumped overboard. Mostof the party
were captured, some drowned, and only two escaped. Lieutenant Gushing man-
aged to reach the shore, and after some hours' travel through the swamps came
to a creek, where he took possession of a boat belonging to a picket of the



Online LibraryLewis Randolph HamerslyThe records of living officers of the U. S. navy and Marine corps: with a history of naval operations during the rebellion of 1861-5, and a list of the ships and officers participating in the great battles → online text (page 17 of 42)