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Lewis Randolph Hamersly.

The records of living officers of the U. S. navy and Marine corps: with a history of naval operations during the rebellion of 1861-5, and a list of the ships and officers participating in the great battles online

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1846-48; Inspector, etc., 1850-51; frigate St. Lawrence, Pacific Squadron,
1852-55.

Commissioned as Commander, Sept. 14th, 1855 ; Navy Yard, Norfolk, Va.,
1856-58 ; commanding sloop-of-war St. Louis, Home Squadron, 1860-61 ; com-
manded expedition of sailors and marines to reinforce Eort Pickens, 1861 ;
frigate Roanoke, N. A. B. Squadron, 1861-62. Commander Poor took com-
mand of steamer Illinois, to act as a ram against Merrimac, but did not have an
opportunity to test the power of his vessel. Passed rebel batteries under fire
at Sewell's Point, while proceeding from Hampton Roads towards Newport
News in frigate Roanoke, to assist the Congress and Cumberland.

Commissioned as Commodore, January 2d, 1863 ; commanding sloop-of-war
Saranac, Pacific Squadron, 1803-65 ; compelled the authorities at Aspinwall to
release U. S. Mail steamer detained to collect illegal dues, (approved by Secre-
tary of the Navy) ; compelled authorities at Rio La Hache to hoist and salute
the American flag which had been insulted, (approved by Secretary of the
Navy) ; commanding Naval Station at Mound City, 111., 1866-68; commissioned
Rear Admiral, Sept. 20th, 1868; Commandant Navy Yard, Washington, 1869 ;
detached August 10th, 1869, and took command of North Atlantic Squadron,
August 19th, 1809.



REAR ADMIRALS ON RETIRED LIST.



REAR ADMIRAL WILLIAM B. SHUBRICK.

William B. SHnBRicic was born in South Carolina, October 31st, 1790.
Appointed Midshipman from his native State, June 20th, 1806; commissioned
as Lieutenant, January 5th, 1813 ; commanded a gun-boat in an attack on a
British frigate, in Hampton Roads, in June, 1813 ; commanded a gun in the
battle on Craney Island, when the British were repulsed, in June, 1813 ; was
Third Lieutenant of the frigate Constitution in the action which resulted in
the capture of the Cyane and Levant.

Commissioned as Master Commandant, March 28th, 1820. Commanded
sloop Lexington, Brazil Squadron, 1827; Navy Yard, Washington, 1830. Com-
missioned as Captain, February 21st, 1831. On ordnance duty, 1833-37 ;
commanding West India Squadron, 1840 ; Commandant Norfolk Navy Yard,
1843 ; Chief of Bureau of Provisions and Clothing, 1845-46 ; commanding
Pacific Squadron, during the Mexican war ; landed and captured the fortified



20 REAR ADMIRALS.

town of Mazatlan, from a superior force under General Telles, and held it and
several inferior places to the end of the war. Ordnance duty, 1852 ; Chief
of Bureau of Construction, 1853 j^^Chairman of Lighthouse Board, 1854-58 ;
commanding Brazil Squadron and Paraguay Expedition, 1859; commissioned
as Rear Admiral, July 16th, 1862; Chairman of Lighthouse Board, 1860-69.



EEAR ADMIRAL JOSEPH SMITH.

Joseph Smith was born in Massachusetts, Marob 30th, 1790. Appointed
Midshipman from the same State, January 16th, 1809 ; commissioned as Lieu-
tenant, July 24th, 1813.

Lieut. Smith served with distinguished gallantry at the battle of Lake Cham-
plain, September 11th, 1814, and at the capture of Algerine vessels, 1815. He
was wounded in the former action, and was favorably mentioned by his command-
ing officer in his official report. Commissioned as Commander, March 3d, 1827 ;
attached to Boston Navy Yard, 1829; frigate Guerriere, Mediterranean Squadron,
1830 ; Navy Yard, Boston, 1834. Commissioned as Captain, February 9th, 1837 ;
commanding ship-of-the-line Ohio, Mediterranean Squadron, 1840; command-
ing receiving-ship, at Boston, 1843 ; commanding Mediterranean Squadron,
1845. In 1847, Captain Smith was appointed Chief of the Bureau of Yards
and Docks, which position he filled with great advantage to the government,
and credit to himself, until the spring of 186'9, when failing health obliged him
to resign.

Commissioned as Rear Admiral. July 16th, 1862. At present, on special
duty at Navy Department, Washington, D. C.



REAR ADMIRAL SILAS H. STRINGHAM.

Silas H. Steingham was born in Middletown, Orange county, N. Y.
Appointed Midshipman, June 19th, 1810. Midshipman Stringham's first ser-
vice was in the frigate President, 1811-12. While attached to the President,
he participated in the engagement with H. M. S. Little Belt, and in the engage-
ment with H. M. S. Belvidere.

Commissioned as Lieutenant, December 9tli, 1814. Lieutenant Stringham
took part in the capture of the Algerine vessels, 1815.

Commissioned as Commander, JIarch 3d, 1831; special duty, 1831-32;
commanding sloop-of-war John Adams, 1836-37; Navy Yard, New York,
1840.

Commissioned as Captain, 1841 ; commanding frigate Independence, Home
Squadron, 1843 ; commanding New York Navy Yard, 1845-46 ; commanding
ship-of-the-line Ohio, Pacific Squadron, during the war with Mexico ; Com-
mandant Norfolk Navy Yard, 1852; commanding Mediterranean Squadron,
1852-55; Commandant Navy Yard, Boston, 1856-60; commandin"- N A
B. Squadron, 1861.



REAR ADMIRALS. 21

Plag OflB.oer Stringham's squadron embraced within its limits the whole coast
extending from the easternmost line of Virginia to Cape Florida, and with the
small force the Department was able to place at his disposal, he did all that
could be done in effecting a blockade of the Southern ports. After some delay,
an expedition to Hatteras Inlet, on the coast of North Carolina, where piratical
depredations had become extremely annoying, was undertaken. Flag Officer
Stringham commanded in person the naval forces, and Major General Butler
commanded the military forces, consisting of about eight hundred men, which
co-operated with the squadron. The expedition was entirely successful in the
attack upon and capture of Forts Hatteras and Clark. The entire garrison,
uiider command of Commodore Barron, who had been for nearly fifty years an
officer in the U. S. Navy, surrendered, after sustaining great loss; while not a
man was killed or wounded in the attacking force. It is to be regretted that
the military force was not strong enough to follow up this victory.

lu September, 1861, Flag Officer Stringham, at his own request, was relieved
of the command of the squadron.

Commissioned as Rear Admiral, July 16th, 1862 ; special duty, 1862-63 ;
commandant Navy Yard, 1864-66; at present Port Admiral at New York.



REAK ADMIRAL SAMUEL L. BREEZE.

Samuel L. Breeze was born in New York. Appointed at large, Septem-
ber 10th, 1810. Midshipman Breeze was present at the battle of Lake Cham-
plain. Commissioned as Lieutenant, April 27th, 1816, and as Commander,
December 22d, 1835 ; Navy Yard, Philadelphia, 1836; rendezvous, Baltimore,
1840. Commissioned as Captain, September 8th, 1841 ; commanding frigate
Cumberland, Mediterranean Squadron, 1845.

Captain Breeze was in the Pacific during the Mexican war, and was present
at the attack on, and capture of, the towns Tuspan and Tobasco, Mexico, and
at the capture of Vera Cruz, 1847; special duty on the lakes, 1848; Command-
ant Norfolk Navy Yard, 1853-55 ; commanding Mediterranean Squadron,
1856-58 ; Commandant Navy Yard, New York, 1859-61.

Commissioned as Rear Admiral, July 16th, 1862; Light-house Inspector,
1862 ; special duty. New York, 1865. At present. Port Admiral at Phila-
delphia.



REAR ADMIRAL HIRAM PAULDING.

Hiram Paulding was born in New York. Appointed Midshipman, Sep-
tember 1st, 1811. Midshipman Paulding was present at the battle of Lake
Champlain. Commissioned as Lieutenant, April 27th, 1816, and commanded
schooner Shark, West India Squadron, 1834-36.

Commissioned as Commander, February 9th, 1837. Commissioned as Cap-
tain, February 29th, 1844 ; commanding sloop Vincennes, East India Squadron,



22 EEAR ADMIRALS.

1846 ; commanding frigate St. Lawrence, Mediterranean Squadron, 1850 ; Com-
mandant Washington Navy Yard, 1853-55; commanding Home Squadron,
1856-58 ; special duty, Wasliington, 1861.

Commissioned Kear Admiral, July 16th, 1862'.

In 1862, Admiral Paulding was ordered to the command of the N^w York
Navy Yard, and in that position rendered important and efficient service to the
government hy the energy he displayed in preparing ships for the different
squadrons. No small portion of the efficiency of our Blockading Fleet
wag due to the personal attention Admiral Paulding gave to the fitting and
equipment of the vessels. In 1865, Admiral Paulding was relieved from this
duty. Governor of Naval Asylum, Philadelphia, 1867-69. At present, Port
Admiral at Boston.



EEAR ADMIRAL THOMAS CRABBE.

Thomas Crabbb is a native of Maryland. Appointed Midshipman, from
Pennsylvania, November 15th, 1809. Commissioned as Lieutenant, February
4th, 1815, and as Commander, March 3d. 1835 ; commanding sloop-of-war
Vandalia, West India Squadron, 1837. Commissioned as Captain, September
8th, 1841, and ordered to command frigate Brandy wine, Brazil Squadron; com-
manding steam-sloop San Jacinto, Mediterranean Squadron, 1852-53 ; com-
manding squadron on Coast of Africa, 1855-57.

Commissioned as Commodore, July 16th, 1862; Prize Commissioner, Eastern
District, Pennsylvania, 1864-65.

Commissioned as Rear Admiral, July 25th, 1866.



REAR ADMIRAL JOHN B. BIONTGOMERY.

John B. Montgomery was born in New Jersey. Appointed Midshipman
from the same State, June 4th, 1812. Commissioned as Lieutenant, April Igt,
1818, and as Commander, December 9th, 1839 ; commanding Naval Rendez-
vous, Boston, 1840 ; commanding sloop-of-war Portsmouth, Pacific Squadron,
1845-48 ; Navy Yard, Washington, 1850-51. Commissioned as Captain, Jan-
uary 6th, 1853 ; commanding Pacific Squadron, 1860-61 ; Commandant Boston
Navy Yard, 1862-63. Commissioned as Commodore, July 16th, 1862 ; Com-
mandant Navy Yard, Washington, 1864-65.

Commissioned as Rear Admiral, July 25th, 1866. Commandant Naval
Station, Saekett's Harbor, N. Y., 1867-69.



REAR ADMIRAL CORNELIUS K. STRIBLING-.

Cornelius K. Stribling was born in South Carolina. Appointed Midship-
man from the same State, June 18th, 1812; serving on board the Macedonian



REAR ADMIRALS. 23

in the squadron under the command of Commodore Decatur, when the Algerine
frigate and brig were captured, in 1815.

Commissioned as Lieutenant, April 1st, 1818. In April, 1823, Lieutenant
Stribling commanded two barges, on the coast of Cuba, and after a running fight
captured the piratical schooner Pilot; serving in frigate Brandywine, Pacific
Squadron, 1827, and in sloop Vincennes, same squadron, 1829-30; receiving-
ship at Norfolk, 1833; ordnance duty, 1834-35; sloop-of-war Vincennes,
Pacific Squadron, 1836 ; sloop-of-war Peacock, East India Squadron, 1837 ; ren-
dezvous, Norfolk, 1840.

Commissioned as Commander, 1840 ; commanding sloop-of-war Cyane, Pacific
Squadron, 1843, and sloop-of-war Falmouth, Home Squadron, 1845; receiving-
ship at Norfolk, 1846 ; attached to Pacific Squadron, 1847-48; commanding
ship-of-the-line Ohio, Pacific Squadron, 1850 ; superintendent of Naval Acade-
my, 1851-53.

Commissioned as Captain, August 1st, 1853 ; commanding sloop-of-war San
Jacinto, special service, 1855; Commandant Pensacola Navy Yard, 1858; com-
manding East India Squadron, 1860-61.

In 1861, Captain Stribling was a member of the Board of Commissioners
provided for by act of Congress of July 31, 1861, to examine and report as to
compensation of all officers of the Government, and for other purposes.

Commissioned as Commodore, July IBtE, 1862 ; member of Light-house
Board, 1802; Commandant Philadelphia Navy Yard, 1863-64; commanding
Eastern Gulf Blockading Squadron, 1865.

Commissioned as Rear Admiral, July 25, 1866 ; member of Light-house
Board, 1867-69.



REAR ADMIRAL JOSHUA R. SANDS.

Joshua R. Sands was born in New York, and appointed Midshipman from
the same State, June 18th, 1812.

Commissioned as Lieutenant, April 1st, 1818 ; Navy Yard, New York, 1827 ;
sloop-of-war Vandalia, Brazil Squadron, 1829-30; rendezvous, New York.
1835-37.

Commissioned as Commander, February 23, 1840 ; Navy Yard, New York,
1843; receiving-ship at New York, 1849 ; commanding sloop-of-war Alleghany,
East India Squadron, 1853.

Commissioned as Captain, February 25th, 1854 ; commanding sloop-of-war
Susquehanna, Mediterranean Squadron, 1857-58; commanding Brazil Squad-
ron, 1860.

Commissioned as Commodore, July 16th, 1862 ; Light-house Inspector,
1862-66.

Commissioned as Rear Admiral, July 25th, 1866; at present Port Admiral,
Norfolk, Va.



REAR ADJURAL CHARLES H. BELL.

Charles H. Bell, born in New York, August 15th, 1798. Appointed Mid-
shipman from the same State, June 18th, 1812 ; attached to Commodore De-
catur's squadron all of 1813 and until the spring of 1814; in the summer of



24 BEAB ADMIRALS.

1814 was transferred to the squadron of Commodore Chauncey, on Lake Ontario,
where he remained until the war ended; attached to Commodore Decatur's
squadron, in the Mediterranean, in 1815.

Commissioned as Lieutenant, March 28th, 1820 ; serving in sloop-of-war Erie,
West India Squadron, 1829 ; Navy ¥ard, New York, 1833 ; sloop Vincennes,
Pacific Squadron, 1834-35; commanding schooner Dolphin, Pacific Squadron,
1836.

Commissioned ns Commander, September 10th, 1840, and ordered to command
the schooner Dolphin, Brazil Squadron ; commanding sloop-of-war Yorktown,
coast of Africa, 1846; Navy Yard, New York, 1850; special duty, 1851-54.

Commissioned as Captain, August 12th, 1854; commanding frigate Constella-
tion, Mediterranean Squadron, 1856-58 ; Commandant Norfolk Navy Yard,
1860.

Commissioned as Commodore, July 16th, 1862; commanding Pacific Squad-
ron, 1862-64 ; special duty, James river, 1865.

Commissioned as Rear Admiral, July 25th, 1866 ; Commandant Navy Yard,
1866-68.



EEAR ADMIRAL LEVIN M. POWELL.

Born in Virginia, and appointed Midshipman from the same State, March
1st, 1817. _

Commissioned as Lieutenant, April 28th, 1826; attached to schooner Por-
poise, Mediterranean Squadron, 1829, and to frigate Java, same squadron, 1830;
West India Squadron, 1836-1837.

Commissioned as Commander, June 24th, 1843, while on Coast Survey duty;
Ordnance duty, 1845^7 ; commanding sloop-of-war John Adams, coast of
Africa, 1849-50; Navy Yard, Washington, 1852-54.

Commissioned as Captain, September 14th, 1855 ; commanding sloop-of-war
Portsmouth, Home Squadron, 1856; special duty, 1859; commanding frigate
Potomac, Blockading Squadron, 1861.

Commissioned as Commodore, July 16th, 1862; Light-house Inspector,
1863-66.

Commissioned as Rear Admiral, 1869 ; at present on special duty at Wash-
ington, D. C.



EEAR ADMIRAL CHARLES WILKES.

Born in New York, and appointed from the same State January 1st, 1818 ;
commissioned as Lieutenant April 28, 1826; Exploring Expedition, 1829;
special duty, 1830; Exploring Expedition, 1833; special duty, 1834-37; com-
manding Exploring Expedition, 1840 ; Coast Survey, 1843-4.

Commissioned as Commander, July 13th, 1843 ; special duty, 1845-60.

Commissioned as Captain, September 14th, 1855, commanding sloop-of-war
San Jacinto ; special service, 1861-62. While on this cruise Captain Wilkes
took the rebel ministers. Mason and Slidell, from the English mail steamer
Trent.

Commissioned as Commodore, July 16th, 1862; commanding special squad-
ron to West Indies, 1863. While commanding this squadron Commodore Wilkes



REAR ADMIRALS. 25

did the country good service by capturing many blockade runners laden witb
arms and munitions for the insurgents.

Commissioned as Rear-Admiral, July 25th, 1866,



REAR ADMIRAL ANDREW H. HARWOOD.

!BoRN in Pennsylvania, and appointed Blidshipman from the same State Jan-
uary 21st, 1818.

Commissioned as Lieutenant, March 3d, 1827, vrhile attached to frigate Con-
stitution, Mediterranean Squadron ; receiving-ship, at Philadelphia, 1829-30 ;
Mediterranean Squadron, 1833 ; special duty 1835 ; schooner Shark, Mediter-
ranean Squadron, 1836-7; special duty, 1839; ordnance duty, 1843-52.

Commissioned as Commander, October 2d, 1848 ; Mediterranean Squadron
1853-55.

Commissioned as Captain, September 14th, 1855 ; ordnance duty, 1859-60;
Chief of Bureau of Ordnance, IBGl.

Commissioned as Commodore, July 16th, 1862 ; Commandant Washington
Navy Yard, 1862-63 ; Secretary of Light-house Board, 1865-69.

Commissioned as Rear-Admiral, 1809. At present, on special duiy at Wash-
ington, D. C.



REAR ADMIRAL THEODORUS BAILEY..

Born in New York, and appointed Midshipman from that State, January 1st,
1818. Commissioned as Lieutenant, March 3d, 1827 ; receiving-ship, at New
York, 1829; sloop Vincennes, Pacific Squadron, 1834-36 ; special duty, 1837;
Navy Yard, New York, 1840 ; frigate Constellation, East India Squadron, 1843 ;
rendezvous. New York, 1846 ; commanding store-ship Lexington, 1847—48.
While in command of the store-ship Lexington, during the Mexican war, ren-
dered efficient and valuable aid, to the commander of the Pacific Squadron, by
his energy, enterprise and gallantry in fitting out and leading numerous expedi-
tions against the enemy.

Commissioned as Commander, March 6th, 1849 ; commanding sloop-of-war
St. Mary's, 1856-57.

Commissioned as Captain, December 15th, 1855 ; commanded frigate Colorado,
Western Gulf Blockading Squadron, 1861-62.

Captain Bailey was Farragut's second in command in the battle at New Or-
leans, and led the attack and passage of the forts. He was officially commended
by Admiral Farragut for his bravery and ability, and further complimented by
being sent to Washington as the bearer of despatches, announcing the victory.
Commissioned as Commodore, July 16th, 1862.

Commodore Bailey, although his health was seriously impaired, asked for
active duty, and in the Fall of 1862, was ordered to command the Eastern Gulf
Blockading Squadron, where he displayed great energy and perseverance in his
successful attempt to break up blockade running on the Florida coast. Com-
mandant Portsmouth Navy Yard, 1865-67.

Commissioned as Rear Admiral, July 25th, 1866. At present, on special
duty at Washington, D. C.



26 EEAE ADMIRALS.

EEAR ADMIRAL JAMES L. LARDNEE.

Born in tie State of Pennsylvania, and appointed Midstipman from the same
State, July 28th, 1820.

Commissioned as Lieutenant, May 17th, 1828 ; attached to frigate Erandy-
wine. Pacific Squadron, 1827-29, and the sloop-of-war Vincennes, same squad-
ron, 1830 ; serving in frigate Delaware, Mediterranean Squadron, 1834-35 ;
special duty, 1837; Navy Yard, New York, 1840; frigate United States, Pa-
cific Squadron, 1843 ; commanding receiving ship, at Philadelphia, 1846^8 ;
commanding schooner Porpoise, coast of Africa, 1851-52.

Commissioned as Commander, November 21st, 1851 ; commanding sloop-of-
war Dale, coast of Africa, 1853 ; on duty at Naval Asylum, Philadelphia, 1854 ;
special duty, 1858.

Commissioned as Captain, 1860; Navy Yard, Philadelphia, 1861.

Commissioned as Commodore, July 16th, 1862; commanding Eastern Gulf
Blockading Squadron, 1802; commanding West India Squadron, 1864 ; special
duty, 1865-66.

Commissioned as Rear Admiral, July 25th, 1866 ; at present. Governor Naval
Asylum, Philadelphia.



REAR ADMIRAL HENRY K. THATCHER.

Born in the State of Maine and appointed Midshipman from there, March
4th, 1823 ; frigate United States, Pacific Squadron; 1827 ; promoted to Passed
Midshipman, March 23d, 1829 ; schooner Experiment, Chesapeake Bay, 1833.

Commissioned as Lieutenant, February 28th, 1833 ; frigate Delaware, Medi-
terranean Squadron, 1834-35 ; special duty, 1837 ; frigate Brandywine, Medi-
terranean Squadron, 1840; receiving-ship at Boston, 1843-46; sloop-of-war
Jamestown, African Squadron, 1847-50 ; Navy Yard, Boston, 1851 ; command-
ing store-ship Relief, 1852.

Commissioned as Commander, 1855 ; on duty at Naval Asylum, Philadelphia,
1855-56 ; Pacific Squadron, 1857-59 ; Navy Yard, Boston, 1860-61 ; com-
missioned as Captain, 1861, and as Commodore, July 3d, 1862; commanded
frigate Constellation, Mediterranean Squadron, 1863-63 ; cctomanded steam
frigate Colorado, N. A. B. Squadron, 1864-65 ; commanded Colorado and a
Division of Porter's Squadron at the two attacks upon Fort Fisher, in December,
1864, and January,1865. After the attack on Fort Fisher, Commodore Thatcher
was appointed to the command of the Western Gulf Squadron, when he at once
commenced active operations in co-operation with General Canby for the reduc-
tion of Mobile ; after a brief and vigorous bombardment. Fort Alexis and Span-
ish Fort were captured by the army on April 9th, 1865. With the key to Mo-
bile thus secured, the out works of importance, batteries Tracy and Huger,
were at the mercy of the assailants, and on the evening of the 11th, they were
evacuated. The rebel troops evacuated Mobile on the following day. A formal
surrender was demanded by General Granger, and Acting Rear Admiral Thatcher,
which was complied with, and possession taken of the city. On the 10th of
May, the rebel naval forces in the waters of Alabama surrendered to Acting
Rear Admiral Thatcher. Sabine Pass and Galveston, the only remainin"- rebel
fortified points on the Gulf Coast, soon capitulated, the first named on the 25th
of May, and the latter on the 2d of June.



COMMODORES. 27

In tlie eavly part of 1866, Commodore Thatcher was relieved and ordered
North.

Commissioned Eear Admiral, July 25th, 1866; commanding North Pacific
Sq[iiadron, 1867-68 ; at present, Port Admiral Portsmouth. New Hampshire.



REAR ADMIRAL HENRY K. HOFP.

Born in Pennsylvania. Appointed Midshipman from South Carolina, October
28th, 1823 ; frigate Constitution, Mediterranean Squadron, 1827.

Promoted to Passed Blidshipman, March 23d, 1829 ; commissioned as Lieu-
tenant, March 3d, 1831; frigate Potomac, Pacific Squadron, 1833-34; special
duty, 1837; receiving-ship, Philadelphia, 1840; commanding store-ship Relief,
1845 ; Navy Yard, Philadelphia, 1847 ; sloop-of-war St. Louis, Mediterranean
Squadron, 1850 ; rendezvous. New York, 1853.

Commissioned as Commander, November 29th, 1853 ; commanding frigate
Independence, Pacific Squadron, 1857 ; commanding sloop-of-war John Adams,
Pacific Squadron, 1858; commanding receiving-ship at Philadelphia, 1859-60;
commissioned as Captain, 1861.

Commanding steam-sloop Lancaster, Pacific Squadron, 1861-62.

Commissioned as Commodore, July 16th, 1862 ; special duty, 1863; ordnance
duty, Philadelphia, 1864-67.

Commissioned as Rear Admiral, April 13th, 1867 ; commanding North Atlantic
Squadron, 1868-69.

Rear Admiral Hoff gained much credit by his energetic and prompt measures
to protect American citizens residing in Cuba, who had, in many instances, suf-
fered injustice from the Spanish oflfioials.

At present, on special duty at Washington, D. C.



COMMODORE JOHN RODGERS.

Born in Maryland, and appointed Midshipman from District of Columbia,
April 18th, 1828. Attached to Frigate Constellation, Mediterranean squadron,
1829-32; Naval School, Norfolk, 183-3-34; promoted to Passed Midshipman
June 14th, 1834 ; on leave, 1835 ; brig Dolphin, Brazil squadron, 1836-38 ;
special service, 1839. Commissioned as Lieutenant, January 22d, 1840; brig
Boxer, Home Squadron, 1841^3 ; special service, 1844-45 ; sloop Marion,
Mediterranean Squadron, 1846— it ; Coast Survey, 1848-52; commanding
steamer John Hancock, and Surveying and Exploring Expeditions to North
Pacific and China Seas, 1853-56 ; commissioned as Commander, September 14th,
1855; special duty, Washington, D. C, 1857-59 ; waiting orders, 1860.

In 1861 Commander Rodgers was ordered to special duty in the West, super-
intending the construction of the Benton class of iron-clads. In 1862 he was
assigned to the command of the iron-clad steamer Galena, and ordered to the
North Atlantic blockading squadron. On the 10th of May, 1862, Commander
Rodgers left Hampton Roads in command of an expedition of gun-boats, with
orders to enter the James river, and, if possible, to ascend the river to Rich-
mond. After two engagements with rebel batteries, which were in each in-



28 COMMODORES.

stance silenced, the fleet reached Port Darling, a easemated battery, erected on
the crest of a hill, which, together with sunken vessels, effectually ob-
structed the channel.

On the morning of the ISth" of May, Commander Rodgers anchored the
Galena in front of and at a distance of five hundred yards from the rebel fort.
The Aroostook and Port-Royal, wooden gun-boats, were stationed eight hun-
dred yards below the flag-ship. At 8 A. M., the vessels opened fire on Fort
Darling, and from that time until 12 M. kept up a vigorous bombardment. At
12.10 P. M., Commander Rodgers having expended every shot and shell in the
magazine and shell-room of the Galena, made signal to withdraw from action,
the vessels retiring in good order, and giving the rebels a parting-shot as they
steamed down the river. The monitor being unable to give suf&oient elevation



Online LibraryLewis Randolph HamerslyThe records of living officers of the U. S. navy and Marine corps: with a history of naval operations during the rebellion of 1861-5, and a list of the ships and officers participating in the great battles → online text (page 3 of 42)