Lewis Richard Farnell.

The cults of the Greek states online

. (page 31 of 40)
Online LibraryLewis Richard FarnellThe cults of the Greek states → online text (page 31 of 40)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


(OTw vvv T6d€ Tola Koi Ovpiivos €VpVS vittp6t
Km TO KQT€i^6p€Vo» ^Tuyos vda>p . • .

* Hesiod, Tlieog, 479 :

(Z^wi) rhv ptp oi fdcforo Fata wtXinprj
Kpfjrij fp tvptiTj Tpa<f>€ptP driToXXipepai re,

* Horn. H. 30 :

Famy nafitifiTtip€tp dtltrofuxi, rptBtpM^Kop^
irpto'fiiarrjp, fj <f}*pff(i M x^ow nop^ ^6<r i<rrlp.



XaipCy SfWf M^^Ry ^^X Ovpopov arrtpUpTotj
vp6t^pt»ip S QVT t^^fjs fiiarop BvpJfpt' Sira{t*
•*a Solon Frag. (Arist. A/^. Pol. 12) :

avppapTvpoUj ravT ^ ip dUrj xp6pov
prjTijp ptyioTi) baipoptoip *0\vpsri»p
apurra, Trj fUXatPcu

' Aesch. Pers. 219:

Mrtpop di xph X9^^ ^0 ^' '^^^ <l>BtTois ;(ca(rAu.
Cf. I 628 quoted Hermes, R. 19. Aphrodite, R. 115*.
* Eur. Med. 746 :

o/iw ir<doy rrjs mrripa & ''HXiov irarpoc

rov/iov.

X 2



Digitized by V^OOQIC



3o8 CREEK RELIGION

Frag. Chrysipp. 836 :

Facia Mfyton; jcoi Aiof At^p,

7 y vypo&okovt tTTay6pas voriai
irapait(afiinj riicrit BvrjroWf

TlKTtl dc fiopaV <f>v\d T€ $TJpW

oBt9 OVK dbUcit

fi^TTjp ndvroiw vtvoptarai,

;(a>p<i i' 6ma(o

ra fjiiv fK yalas <f>i'VT cV yaui#.

» Soph. Aniig, 339:

^««v re raif vntprarap Tav,
o<f>6iTov dKafidrau dnorpviTai.

*^ Dittenb. Sy/ioge^, 837 (at Thermon, in Aetolia): lloXuc^paiv . . .tjJj/

Idiau BptiTTTjv dirriKtv6tp(o(T(v vrro Aia Trjv "HXtoy.

'* Plut. 935 B TO di Trjs opofia iravrl irov <f>CKov ''EXX»;w koi rlp,ioVy kuX
ftarpwiv fifilv Sxnrtp oKKov nua 6(ov ai^idBat, Porph. de Abstin, 2. 32
KOUfTj ydp ioTiv avrrj koI 6tu>v Kal dvBponrtav iariaj Koi del irdvras cVi ravrrji on
Tpo<f>ov Koi fiTjTpot Tjficiv Kkivo^ivovs vfivtlv Kol (f>iXo<rTopyf'i» i>s TtKovaav,



GEOGRAPHICAL REGISTER OF CULTS OF GE.

" Byzantium: Dionys. Byz. Anapl. 9 *Templum Telluris supra
mare/

" Dodona vide Zeus, 13^. ? Aetolia vide R. lo.

" Delphi vide Apollo, R. 112,113,114, 118: Schol. Hes. Theog, 1 1 7
(vide Frag. Hist. Graec. 3, p. 157; Mnas. Patr. Fr. 46). Mrocrcar
6 norpcvc €V rfj r»y At\<l>ucMP XPWI^^ trvpaywyj EvpvuT€pvQS Up6p <l>rj(TiP

dpQirrrja'at. BulU Corr. HelL 1902, p. 65, Delphic inscr. mentioning

TO Yds Upop.

" Thebes vide Demeter R. 139, cf. C. I. G. Sep/. 1. 2452 (inscr.

early fifth cent) lapoi^ T{aia)s {Ma)Kaipa£ Tt\t<r<rtf>6p«».

*• Attica.

* r5 KovpoTpd(f>o9i on the slope of the Acropolis, vide Demeter, R. 5 :
Suidas X. v. KovpoTp6<f>oi. Trj' tovtu ii Bwrai ifKunv *EpixB6ptop t6 vp&rop
€P Tjj 'AxpofrdXcc, koi fi^pJop l^pvaaaBat xdpip dwodiddpra r§ yfj tS>p Tpoffiti^Py
iraraoT^o'ai hi pofupop tovs Bvoptw tim ^f^ Tavrrj npoBvtip. Rangabe
Antiq. HelL 2. 1083 KoXXuxs ^kyoBap^w) Vfi KovpoTp6<f>^ (inscr. found on
the Acropolis, now disappeared).



Digitized by V^OOQIC



REFERENCES FOR CHAPTER I 309

b r9 *o\vftwia, on the south near the Ilissos (in the ntpiffokot of
Zeus *0\vitmot), vide Apollo, R. 156. Dionysos i24f.: near the
Areopagus, vide Cults of Hades s,v. Athens. Cf. Hermes, R. 19^
TcWcrta Of Nfiev<na, in honour of Ge, vide Hesych. s,v, Ttvtata. Id.

X.:;. 'Qpaia ptKvaxar oi d« dai^yca. 'fipotia BCttw* rrXfr^ riff, h j rwf i»paimp
awavrmp iyunvro anapxaL Cic. De Leg. 2. 25 * Nam et Athenis iam ille
mos a Cecrope, at aiunt, permansit, ocius terra humandi, quam quum
proximi iniecerant, obductaque terra erat, fhigibus obserebatur, ut
sinus et gremium quasi matris mortuo tribueretur: solum autem
frugibus expiatum ut vivis redderetur: sequebantur epulae quas
inibant propinqui coronati.'

o Ge ©</uc, at Athens, vide Athena, R. 26 ^. C. LA. 3. 350 (on
seat in theatre) Upla^ r^r Otfudos. Cf. Paus. i. 22, 1 fura rb It pop tov
'A<r»eXi77riov Tavrij itpht rrip 'AKpowaXip lovatp Officios poos iartp,

•^ Ge at Phlye, \-ide Dionysos, R. 21. Cf. HippoL de haer. 5. 20
(p. 144, ^liller) frp6 y&p rttv 'EXfucrtviW fivaTTjpt<aPy tarip cV rfj ^\iovpn
; T^ff 'Arrot^ff ' XtyofttPtf firyaXrjyopla ? leg. rijs Xtyoptprjt MryoXi;; Hpyia, €CTt,
dt TraoT^r cV avT§ . . • iroXXa ficy oip corl ra §iri rijt Traorddof tKtbnjs cyyt-
ypafifupa, rrtpi l>p Ktu Hkovrapxos noteWai \6yovs cV rois rrpos 'EfiircdcNcXca
3«a filfiXoi^, ''EoTt W . . . irpta&vnjs nt iyytypaiifupos ncXi^ ntrp^nvt
leg. Trrcpo>r($(l tprtrapiprfp fx<»P rf\p alaxypriv, yvpoUa ttfrotfuvyovaap dwKt»p
Kvpotidfj , , . &<rTt (vK6y»t ap rit ttirnt rovt 2t0iapovs iyyvs irov rtXciy irap*
avTOis rh TTJs Mryakrfs ^Xotas lop6pyta [? leg. ^Xouurioip Spyux^,

• Marathon and the Tetrapolis : Prott-Ziehen, Lfges Graec. Sacr,
26 (fourth century b.c. ritual calendar) *FXa<f>ijPoKMPos . . . rj cirl t»
fuurrci^ Tp6yas irafiiU\at . . ,r§ cV ywus /Soi/r Kvov<r(u

^ Proclus in Tim. 5. 293 S Mi kcu ol Btapol tw ^ABripaUuf tid^rtt npov^
iroTTOP Ovpop^ Kcu Tj irporcXfty nvs ydfiovt,

8 ?r5 nap^^pa ['Ayff<r(d«pal, vide Athena, R. 26 ^ 35 f. Cf. Philostr.
F/'/. ApoU, lyan, 6. 39 tBvi ns vwip Btiacatpov rj Fj, xcu ovdc r^ 'AvoX-
\<»plef irpoo'tvxto'^ vwip rovrov &iam . • • leoi wpoo'tvfafitpot r^ Uapd^tp^
c;(f0pf t /« r6 Sarv,

^ Theophr. de Plan/, His/. 9. 8, 7 Stop t6 nopoKts to *AaickfprUtop
KaXovfitPOP rifumo'tp' apTift^akktip yap rj yj nayicapTriap fitXirrovrap,

i r^ ttapno^pos: C.L.A.^,166 Tfjf Kapnotftopov Kara /layrciay (inscrip-
tion found on Acropolis, time of Hadrian : cf. Paus. t. 24, 3 ten dc koi
r^f oyoX/ia htrrtvowniv inrai ol top ^ia.

*^ Pind. Pyth. ^. ITJ *v ^OXvfimota'i T€ KCU ^oBvKoknov Tat dtSKoit tp rt
Koi naatp imx^p^f' Schol. td, t6 dc rrjs on koi airrjt ayi»p ayrrat cV
*A^790ir, &t ^ri<n At^vpot.



Digitized by V^OOQIC



3IO GREEK RELIGION

" Sparta: vide Apollo, R. 216*^, Zeus, ii3\

" Tegea: Pans. 8. 48, 8 trpos dc r« Up^ t^p EtXci^w €<rri r$r

^ 01}Tlipia: PaUS. 5. 14, 10 cVi dc rc^ Fatiu ieaXov/icvo> /Scu^or corii' «V'
avra> F^f, T€<f>pas Koi ovtos* to it rri ap^otortpa Koi fuivrdou rrji Trjs avrodi
fU'at Xryov<rti». cVi ^ roC ovofia^ofitvov Srofitov Qi^tbi 6 /3a)/ioc mTroirjTai.

^ Near Aigai in Achaia: Paus. 7. 25, 13 r^c dc w/wV cWii^ 6 rnloj

iTTUckrja'iv "EifpviTTtpvov' (oavov 6i toU /xaXiora o^otox cWlv dp^alov yvinj de 17
act r^u lipaavvrju Xofiffdvovaa dynmvii piu to dir6 tovtov, ov pifv ovBi to,
rrporepa Zarrai ttXcov 17 tvos dvBpos fV nupav d<f>iyptvri, TLlvovdai dc alpn,

ravpov ioKipdCovrai, Plin. iVa/. Ht's/. 28. 147 Taurinus quidem (sanguis)
recens inter venena est excepta Aegira; ibi enim sacerdos terrae
vaticinatura sanguinem tauri bibit prius quam in specus descendat.

■" Patrai : vide Demeter, R. 258.

-' Mykonos: sacrifice to r^ x^owa, vide Dionysos, R. 44.

-* Thera : C. /. G. Ins. Mar, A eg, 3. 374 TCis Upov (fourth century

B.C.).

^ Kos : Ra\ d, EL Grec, 1891, p. 361 (inscription, second cen-
tury B.C., concerning finance) 6 Trpidptvos rav tavav kvkKov rds,

^ Crete : Cauer, Delect? 1 2 1 "o/xi/u«' rav vdv Kai ro¥ Ovpavov (oath of
Dreros, third centur}- b. c).

^ Kyzikos : r^ icap'ro<f>6pos with Poseidon *A(r^)aXcroff, vide Poseidon,
R. 86.

-^ Erythrai : inscription in Mov<r. k, BiffXio, ipvpv, 1873, p. 105,
mentioning cult of M^i/p TiJ.

^ Pergamon: formula of oath, Artemis, R. 50^.

^^ Smyrna and Magnesia : r^ mentioned in formula of state-oath,
vide Athena, R. 850. Cf. C. /. G, 3137, 1. 60, oath of Magnesia,

'Ofurvo) Ala Triv*li\tov,

'' Near Amasia, on bank of the Iris : inscription on rock-tomb rljt
dpxuptvs (? = priest of Ma), Perrot. Exploration arch/ol. de la Galatie
etBithynie, p. 372, no. 157.

" Tauric Chersonese : vide Artemis, R. 37 (in oath-formula).
** Cults of Themis Pas earth-goddess : vide Cults, vol. 2, p. 495 '*•
Cf. Aesch. Prom. V, 211 :

€po\ dc fuji^p oi/x o.na( fidvou OtpiSt
Kcu Ttua, iroKkav dvopdnav fu>p<^^ fiia,
TO /xc'XXor ^ Kpavoiro irpovT€$i<rfTtKti.



Digitized by V^OOQIC



REFERENCES FOR CHAPTER I 311

^ Macedonia : at Ichnai : Steph. Byz. s, v. "ix^oi i^oktt Mmcfdoyutf . . .

*I;(Mua 6 OifU£' diwcoiuinf yhp vvo rod Ai^ jcar<X^0^ cV rots r(av 'ixpauw
Tonois (cf, Artemis, R. i38«). Hesych. s. v. *lxwitV x<^P<^ ^4" Mom-
doMoy lir^a r& laatmlav 6 'AitoXXmi^ turn ax* mu n/ioroi [*I;^kui7 Oc/uc].
Hom. ZT. Apoll. 94 'l;(Mii7 re 6cfur irai ayaxrrovot *Afi<^irpin;.

^* Strab. 435 (in Thessaly) "ix**"** ^<w 7 6#/*iff *lx»'a4a ri^orai.
Lycophr. Cojx. 1291^$ 'HXiov Ovyarpos *lxpauts. (Cf. Menand. aV Encom.
2. 2 (Heeren) ircpl dc KoptvOiav koL *l<r6fiov on "HXiot tcai Hociid^v kqc

c Epinis: vide Cults, voL 2, p. 495 K

^ Thessaly: archaic inscription to Themis under the name effUa-trra,
Ath, Math. 1882, p. 223 (Lolling).

* Tanagra : PaUS. 9. 22, I 'Ev Tawr/pa rn/Mi TO Upov Tov ^tovvaov
Q€ftMs tOTtVj 6 di * A<l>podiTfis.

f Thebes: Zeus, R. 113®.

» Attica: vide R. 16 c.

^ At Troezen: altar of ee/«8ff, Dionysos, R. 52.

'* Clem. Alex. Pro/rep/, p. 19 P. etftidot ra diroppipra trvfjifioka,
opiyavoVj Xv^i^r, ft^ff, Jcrcls yvi/a(«cc(0£.

^ EratOSth. Caiast. 13 Movtrator ydp ^f7(rt Am yiwcDfjLivop cyx'c/N(r^Mii



References for Chapter II. (Cults of Demeter
AND Kore.)

Demeter as earth-goddess.

* Eurip. Bacch. 275:

^fjpffnjp $tdf
Ttj y «WiV oiN)/ia y STTOTtpw ffcvXtt /oiXci.
Artemid. Oneirocr, 2. 39 t^i* 6.riyJ\rtpa rS yi t6p ovtop extw Xoyoir <^a(rii^
01 <n<fH)i' (ti^pos y^ tf yij xai fiio^pos kqI <ptpttrfiu>f KoXcirac. Sext.
Empir. adv. Ala/hem, 9. 189 7 yap ^prirrjpf <fiaaip, ovK SKko W fWiy 5 vi
prfTTjp.

* Demeter Xofti/pi; at Olympia : Paus. 6. 21, i Upov imroiipw ^^f^FP*

(ViJcXi70'cv Xapvpij, Cf. 6. 20, 9 upfia ^pqrpos XapvPTf^,

^ Demeter Evp^tmi at Lebadeia: Paus. 9. 39, 4 (in the grove of
Trophonios) «m di kol ^fujrpot Upov (irlK\ff<rtv Evponrr;?. § 5 ^•* • • •



Digitized by V^OOQIC



312 GREEK RELIGION

6 KOTMv avT^ Tt rtp Tpo^ttvt^ . • . KOi ArifitfTpi fjv imvoitaCotfnt Evptnnfw rov
Tpo<f>oiPiov (paoXv tipm rpo^p,

Cf. Eupvodfui : Hesych. S, V, fj A/fufirrip oCt»s €P 2Kap<f>iqr Koi fj yrj,

• Demeter x^owa : R. 37.
Demeter associated with Ge in cult.

• At Athens : Paus. I. 22, 3 €<m 3c <cai r^s Kouporpd^w «u ^fififfTpos
Upov XAdi;r.

• At Patrai : Paus. 7. 21, 11 itp6» ^rjfirjrpos* avnj ftiv koi ^ rralf caTuo-i,
TO d« ay(iKp.a ttjs Frji cWi KaOrjfityov, ]

• With Rhea-Cybele : IMelanippides, Frag, 10 Bergk (Philodemus

7:fp\ fvaf fftias, p. 23, Gomperz) yiiXaptmrldtjs dc ArjfxfjTtpt firjTfpa dtStp

<pr](Tiu pLiav vrrdpx^^^ ' cf. also Eurip. Helen, 1301 :

opfta TTorc dpofiabi KuiXa
fjMTTjp Biiov eO'V&TJ
av vkavra mmj
nordfiiov r« x'^M ^^^CiX'
fiapv^pofiov T€ KVfi aXiov
ir66ta Tas dnoi)(0}i(vat
dppfjTov Kovpat.
Cf. Pind. Is/Am. 6. 3 xa^'foirpdrov rrdpfdpov Aafiarfpos , , . (vpvxaiTap . . .

Atdvuo-ov. Vellei. I. 4 Cerealibus sacris aeris sonum cieri. Schol.

Aristoph. Achani, 708 ^\\aiav hi rffp Afifirjrpa iKoXovv airo rov ktvttov t^p
KVfxpaktiP Ka) rvfinapoiv rov y<yo/x/vov «car^ (rirqcrip rrfs Koptft, ApollodorUS,
Frag. 36 (MUller) 'A^vi/a-ir lfpo<f>dvTrjp rrfs Koprjs imKoikovfiiprjs cR-utpovccv

TO \€ydfitvov rjx^top. At Akakesion, Demeter and Despoina with ^ MctoXii
M^nyp, R. 119. At Amorgos, BuIL Corr, Hell. 1888, p. 236 A«7/«7rpw
dp€i;ff 17 otVia (fifth century b.c.).

• Demeter connected with the Idaean Dactyli: Paus. 9. 19, 5 irpoc

Bakaaaav dc Trjs MujcaXfjccov AfifjajTpos MvxaXi/o'O'iaff motIv Upop' xXcicaAu dc
avr6 cV( ia;irrl iKacrnf koi aZBis dpoiyta-Bcu <f}atrt» viro 'HpoieXfovr, top di
'HpoKkia tipat T&p *lhaioiP Kakovfi€Pt0P AaicTvXap, df ticwrat dc oMBi ml ^avfia
rocdvdc* 9rp6 rov dydXfiarot tup nodStp rtBiatri o<ra cV 6nmp^ irt^vKcy ^ ^
<f>€ptip^ Si dm irmtrhi [lipti TfBrjkoTa rov trovs. Cf. 8. 3I, 3 (at Megalopolis)
tori di Koi *Hp<ueX^f irapa tH Arffirfrpi fiiytBof fiakurra irtjxyp, Cf. XeiU

I/elL 6. 3, 6 (speech of RoXXtaf 6 d^dovxos to the Lacedaemonians)
XtytToi 6 TpiirrdXe/ioff 6 fnurtpos vpdyopoi ra ArifujTpos Ktu Kdprjt apprira Upk
vpwrots (fpoit dcifoi 'HpaxXcc re rf vfitrtpt^ dpxijytrrj km Auhtk&povp roiy
viuTfpoiv irokiratv.

Demeter as goddess of vegetation and fruits.

^ Demeter XXo'»| (\-ide R. 5). At Athens: C. L A. 2. 631 (fourth



Digitized by V^OOQIC



REFERENCES FOR CHAPTER II 313

century b. c.) ^hmr?^ xXrfijf Icpei> (cf. Dcmcter EwxXAy, C.I. A. ^.igj,
private dedication). Del/. ArchaeoL 1889, p. 130 A^M^P* XX<$9 leal
K^p9 r^v KavpcTp6<l>o¥ EZo'idoroc dp4BfjK€ xor* Sptifiow (Roman period)
At Marathon and in the Attic Tetrapolis, fourth-centnrj inscription :
Prott-Ziehen, Zrg. Graec, Sacr. 26 WvBtarripwput {t6 htpop trot BCerai)
XX07 irt»pa TO bUidvXov vr Kvowra* Soph. Oed. CoL 1600 :

irayop /AoXoyrc (at Colonus).

Schol. /'3. E^^Xoov AfifiTfTpot Upov tori npot rj axpoiroXci* Koi EfmoXtt
yiapuca'

aXX* €v$if frdXfMr c^u' ^t)<rat yap ftt dci

icpioy XX017 tlrjfitjTpi,

(Ovr» W rc^rac tic r^t Kara Ttav Krjiroiv X^^l^) ^^f<>viri rt avr^ Oapyrjkiwvos
•itrrj, Schol. Aristoph. Lysistr. 835 XXd^r A^fup-por If/>6i' «V *A#rp<wrcJX#i*
iV y ol 'ABtfpauH dvovct. fiqvos Bapyrj\u»yot^ a»ff ^iXt^^opor <f>rjaiP iif q . Ct.
Diog. Laert. 2. 5, 23 8apyi;Xi»i^f <'^.7» ©''« KaBalpovo'i njr iroXur 'A^i/voum.
ComutUS, 2V. D. 2S Iff pi 6f t6 tap Arffitfrpi XkSn dvovat furi iraitias xai

xopas, iWvT«r x^^Covra. CIA, 2. 375, inscription of third cen-
tury B. c. mentioning 6 pti>g r^r Afjfirjrpos, ? referring to this temple.
Cf. the oracle brought from Delphi to Athens second century a. d. :

coTiy (TOi Trap* axpa? iroXcttf . . .
ov \aos avfivas xXij^ct yXovKw ?r&d* *\$tjvriw<
ArfprjTpot XKoirjs Upo¥ Kovprj^'S rf . .1
od irpttroK ardxyi flv^ffBrj . , .^.

A//un. MiUheiL 1893, P« '93*

At Mykonos: BtdU Corr. Hell. 1888, p. 461 tJ ovrj ^mw [nocrciifwiw
duodcxor;;] ArjfAjfrpi Xk6fj vts dvo icaXXi<rrcvov0'a<, See Ditt. SylL 373*
Athenae. 14, p. 6 1 8 D Ifj/Aos d* 6 A^m>c eV r^ ^i^P^ iraiaMii^ ^oo-t* ra
^peypora r«if KpiBwf mrra itaff abrh itpoarfy6pwo9 ifidkat, tntv^BpourBirra
dc • . . aCKcvt KOI ZouXovr, jcal r^ ^prfTpa ore /ay XXtd/F art dc *IouXm. airo
rmw cZp rift Arffuirpov tvprjfutntp roCt rt icopirovr leol rovt vpyovr rovr cir r^i^
^^ odXovr icaXovoY «eai uwXovr. di/fUTrpovXoi /ceil icoXXiovXo*. koI

irXrroTov o^o» tti lovkop Zrt.

Euseb. Praep, Evang. 3. 11, 6 Kariortirrai tA fiptras rrjs ArffujTpog rots
araxvcij /A^iewWr tc ircpc avnjy rijt mikvyoptas avfiffoKop (from Porphyry
jr«pl •AyoXpoTMi'). Cf. Callim. H^'mn Ctr. 45.

Festival of ra xXom at Eleusis, R. 18.

? Goddess of pasture and flocks.

" ? ArjfuiTTjp [or Kv^cX^j Et'3o(rta in Phrygia : C /. G. 3858 Up^a



Digitized by V^OOQIC



i
314 GREEK REUGION

ZtPatrnit Evfioaiut = the younger Agrippina (or Poppaea, Ramsay,
Ci/ies and Bishoprics ofPhrygia^ p. 627) worshipped as Demeter. Cf.
Steph. Byz« X. V, *A{<ntoi' Xt/iov di ytpofiivov (rwtXOorrit oi voc^m €$v<m
ruffoaiap ytPtoBau ^

" ^fiftrjrpot ^p(affp]6'ov] at Athens: C. I. A, 3. 375, on a scat in
the Erechtheum. Cf. Hcsych. s. i\ ^EiriKprjpaf ioprfi ^rifitjrpot wapa

AaKOKrc,

" Demeter TavpoTro^os at Kopai in Boeoiia: C /. (7. SepL 2793

.^ofwrpas TovpoiroXfl*. Cf. Paus. 9. 24, ] ivravBa ^riprfrpos Kot diorv<rov
tcnX 2aparrtt6£ iartP Upa,

^^ Demeter Mako<l>6po£ at Nisaia in the Megarid: Paus. i. 44, 3

it pop ^riivrjTpot y[aKo<f>6po\r Xcyrrot . . . rtwt rrptitTovs npo^ara tp rfj yfj
$p€yltavTae ^riprjrpa opopdaai Ma\o<f>6pov. Cf. month MaXcx^opcoc at
Byzantium, Philologns 2. 248. At Selinus: R. 71.

'^ Callim. Hymn Cer. 137 : ^ip^t ^Soaf, f^ipt paka, <l>tp€ crrnj^vr, oiiTt
dipKrpov.

Goddess of com and cereals.

" In Homer and Hesiod ^tipjjrtpo^ aicr^: //. 13. 322: 21. 76;
Asp. 290; Erg. 32, 466, 597, 805. (Cf. Plut. De Isid, ei Osir. 377 D

troiiyr^r dc ra fVl rtitp $tpi(6pTau * r^fiof or ni(rjo\ ^rjprirtpa KvXorofiOwru)

Hes. Theog. 969 :

Aqprinjp flip UXovtop tytiporo, Sia Btavpf

^latrif rjpoH piytia tparj ^iXottti

ptuf m Tpm6k(fj KpTirrjs cV iriopt dijfiM.

Cf. Hom. Od. 5. 125. Hes. Erg. 463 :

fffrcXca ^piB^uf Arffiffrtpos Upop ateniP,
apx^fupot ra irpAr ap^rov.
//. 2. 695 :

Ot d* ilxop ^Xaiap^ luu Hvpatrop aifStpofvray
ArffirfTpos rifjMfOs,

Cf. Reapers' song in Theocritus, Id, lo. 42 :

Adftartp irtXvKap>irt irokvaraxy, rovro ro X^
€C9py6p r till KOi Kopnipop om fidkiam.

Corn-goddess in Attica.

^* Demeter nporjpoaia: Plut. 158 E *0/i/3piy A«( xak npmipoai^ ^riprfTpi
KOI <fnrraKiJu«^ UomUii^pi irov fimpo? tarm ; Ceremony of the wponipotrta ill
Attica, in the vicinity of Eleusis (? called also npoapKroCpw, see Hesychius,



Digitized by V^OOQIC



REFERENCES FOR CHAPTER II 315

X. 9. vpot\p6aia)f Suid. S,V, upMOt^mj, p. 1615 A ol fiiv yap ffMaw, its,
Xoifiov waaaw r^y yifp iccerturx^'^^* ^ ^^^ *^^ wpoffpotna rj di;oi vfrcp wurmv
$v<rai Bvtrtwf *Adrfpaiovf. Ol htica x^H^^'^^VP^ vaarraxoBtv ^tariyanwrip
*A$ffva(t TWf Kapirwf ras ampxas. Jd, npotfpoaiai . • . iyiyptro 6* inro *A^-
raiW vjrip voPTtiP 'EXX^vmv c' *0\vp.7nddt (alicer / s *0\vpmai), Cf. IsOCrat.
Pamg, 4. 31 ax pw yap trXcurroi tup ttoXcaiv viropprjpa rrjt irakaias cvcpyc-
alas airapxat rov (titov Kaff tKatrrop top ivtavrop wr fipa^ airoirc/itrovo'iy rait
di cVXccrovo'ais iroXXaxif f/ TlvBta wpoa-fraffp atfo<f>iptip ra piptj t»p Kapnap koX
irouhf irpos t^v frdXo' ttip fiptr€pap to nurpia, Cf. AristideSi I , p. 1 68 (Dind.).

(Cf. Schol. Aristoph. P/u/, 1055 and £^. 725.) Eurip. SuppL 28 :

rvyxaPta 5' wrcp x^^^
apoTov irpoBvovtr c«c t6ptap f\Bov<r tputp
irpoi roi^€ oTjKop, tp3a irpStra <f>aivtTat
<t>pl(as vrrip yrjs rrj^rdt Kapnipos (rraxvs'
difrpop d* ahtapop rovd* txovira <^vXXddoc
/i<yo) Trpoff iypcLii tirxapais dvoiv ^coTv
Kopi/r rf jcai £iTiprjTpo^ . . .
.£/>^. Arch, 1895, p. 99 'Upoff>iiPTTj Kai KrjpvKi tls upiarop tjJv foprr}P Ttpouyo'

ptvovat ruip npoijpofriap UN (inscription from Eleusis, circ. 300 B.C.).
C /. ^. 2. 467, 28 (Ephebi inscription first century b. c.) toU irpo-
TjpoaiMs r[papTo rovs fiovs ip ^EXevo'ivi kcli i\€tTovpytj<rap tp r^ Up^ tvrdKTiat'
avi6r)Kap di Koi Talis pfyaikois pvaTTjpiois <f>idkrjp r// Tt ^riprfTpt kqI Koprj,

^ Plutarch, CoriJ, Praec. 144B \\6riPcuoi Tptls dp^Tovs itpovs ayowt
iTp&TOP cirl Sxip^, roO iraXauyrarov tS^p <nr6p»p viropprjpa' htvTtpop hk ip ttj
*Vaplq^ TpiTOP dc vnh irikip ? TrdXii^^ top Kakovp€POp /Sovfvytoy. Serv. A eft.
4. 402 cum vidisset Miner\-a Cererem segetes invenissc, volens ipsa
ostendere Atticis quo expeditius segetes parerent, aratnim dicitur
invenisse. Paus. I. 38, 6 r& df ntbiop t6 'Pdpcov <rvaprj¥ai npiarop Xcyovcri , ol
'EXcvo-urcot] KQI np&TOp av^ija'at KapirovSj koI dia tovto ovkaU c^ avrov xp^<TBai
ir<fii<n Kai irottitrBai inppara is tos Bvtruis K oS tifrtjKtP' wravBa SKtos icdKovptprj
TptirroXtpov koi 0»p6s dtitanmu. Cf. Inscr. £pA. Arch. 1 883, p. 122,
1. 20 r^v 3Xta Trjp it pap (329-8 B. c). Ceres Raria, see Athena, R. 118.
Steph. Byz. 'Paptop ntbiop tP ^EXtvaiPi . . . *Fapias 7 ArjpJfTfjp, Eph, Arch.
1883, p. 119, 1. 43 (accounts of the to^Im, tow Btoip at Eleusis) mkw

avfXoirri cV tj^s *Papuis pw66s . . . t^ xaBfipawrt tijp *PapiaP ;(Oipov Tipri
(329-8 B.C.). Paroemiogr. Grace. (Gaisford), p. 25 ffovCvyrif m,
rwp iroXXa ap»pipup' 6 yap fiov(yyris 'A^^yiToiy 6 t6p Upop apoTop dmTtX&p
oXXa T€ noKKa dparaty koI to7s pff icoiv»yoC'<rc Kara t6p fiiop vdaros tj Trvpos ff
pjl V7roff>aipmMrip 6d6p irXoPtiptPOit.

'' Festivals of 'aXmco and KaXapaia at Eleusis : Fph. Arch. 1890,
p. 128, 1. 8 (inscription second century b.c.) Iwip 2»v aVoyyeXXfi 6



Digitized by V^OOQIC



3i6 GREEK RELIGION

Arniapxos 6 *EXcv(riyu*i' xmtp rwv Bwri&v &v tBvfrw roir rt *Kkmois ttok roit
WoiOii T§ T€ Afffuirpt Kcu. rrj K6prf Kai ToTy aXXocr Bfcit . . . crwifT«X€<rfF W t^ tAt
Kakapal»v Bvaiav koi r^r frofimfp fortiXtp , . . IBvfrt c^* vyttia Kai inmypfg r^t r€
fiovKrjt Koi ToO Ai^mov rat TFtudw Koi yvvoucwy nu rMV <f^iko§P mk 9Vfiita)(mi9, lb*

1883 (p. 1 19, 1. 47), inscription found at Eleusis, account of Eleusinian

expenses 329—8 B.C. in\ t^ KtKponi^o^ iripnrris irpvrcurtias . . . Svka tit *AXma
raXavra PAPKO* -^^' p. II4 B, 1. 8 [fVi rrjt iKTtjs frpvTaP€ULs] fiurBtnj
. . . r» ras irpoa^dpat 'AXa>iW iroiri<ravTt .... Id, 18831 p. 122 B, L 10
dptmjpiav Bvaai tKoripa row Btoiv , . . HA I" I" '* ^ 'AXwIo, Cf. id. 1 884,

P- i37» ^- 9- ^^' 1887, p. 4, inscription ^rom Eleusis, 'AX»i«ir t^ mrpUi
dywvt, ?circ. 201 B.C. Id. 1884, p. 135, inscription from Eleusis circ.

300 B. C, in honour of the arparriyos . . . fBvt d« Kai Tciis 'AX«iiocff rj tc
ArjfiijTpi Koi T§ K6pTf Koi rdis oXXoif Biois oif irdrpiop ^p vvip Tf tov ^f)iiav row
\\Br)vai<ov Koi tov /Sao-iXcW ^rjprjrplov koi rrjs ^aaikiaaTjs . . . irap€Kakt<np dt
Kai Toifs TToXtVac aravras cVl r^v Bvaiav, KaXapcua at PeiraeUS : vide R. 75**.
The month KaXa/xm«» at Miletos : ArcA, Zeit. 1876, p. 128. At
Olbia : C. /. G. 3663 A. At Kyzikos : C /. G. 2082. Harpocr. j. r.

'AX^a' ioprri €<mv *Arruc^ ra *.\Xa>a rju <Prj(ri ^iXoxopos ovopaaBrjptu diro roO
t6t€ Tovt dpBpoiiTow ras biarpi^as iroi^taBai ntpX ras aX»£, Sytrai d« avrrip
<PrjtTiv fV r<^ irtpX ioprCtv Uoatii^StPos firjvos, (Demosth.) Kara Nfoip. 1 1 6
KanjyoprjBrj avrov tov Upo<pdvTOv koX oti liv^irrj TJ tTcup^ *KK«fOis «ri Trjt
i(rxdp€is TTJs iv r^ avXjj *E\fV(rivi frpoaayovoyj Ic/Hioy BvirtuPj ov popipav oyror
€v TavTTj TJ ffpipa Upua Bv€tP^ ov6* tKtivov oCaijs TTJt Bvaiat, dWa r^r Uptias.
Schol. Lucian, Dial, Meretr, {Rhein, Mus, 25. 557) ['AXya] iopni
*AB^PTj<ri fivarfipta ntpUxovtra ^rfprfTpw koi Kdprfs Kcii ^topvmu tirl r§ TOpSj
tS>p dfiirikoip Kai 1*7 ytvo'ti tov airoiect/icvov rfdrj oufov . . . [trffi/iara ?] irporiBt'
Ttu tutrxvpots dpdptiois fotK&ra . . . TfXtrri tip ciotryfroi yvp<UK&p cV 'EXfinrm
. . . Kai TTOidcal Xtyovrcu iroXXac Koi (rKafifUiTa . . . oivds t€ ncXvt npdxtiTot koi
TpdntC*^ . . . ytfiovaat fipo^puTtap trX^y rwy dntipripfvap tp Ttt pwrruc^, pouis
<prjpl Kai fjLTikov Kat dpplBtap Korouctditty Kai i^p Koi BaXarnag tpryXj^ . . .
vapandiaai dc jcat Tat TpantCos oi apxoPTts Kai cVddy KorakiudPTn TaTs yvpat(ip
avToi x^P^Covrai #{« dia/i/poyrrr. Eustath. 12. p. 772, 25 twX ovyKOfuiifi
KapirmPf ^* S '^'^ ^^ ^Xvirui tBvtro, ioprri ifyrro ^rfpriTpot mil Aioyvow icar&
navaayuiy, aX^a JcoXov/tcVi; di^ ro roir ofropxoi^ ^oXcirra <V 'A^iTvoir flM rfr
gIXm Tor« KOxaxpaaBai <f)«popras tU 'EX«v<r(Mx cV ^ /cat no<rfid«rof j(y woiunf,

A Schol. Aeschin. Parapresh, p. 90 (Dindorf) r^ luiya' copn; trap*
*A^MiuHr cV 17 Oi irapBtPot Upd Tum. Af/pijrpot cV kopois tfidirraCop M m^aXfr'
oBep Kapff<f>6poi KtKkfpnau

^ *£7rucX€idia : Hesych. S, v. ioprri ^ripjjrpos 'ABtiptjo'i.

" Feast of 'Apjcadm in Arcadia : Steph. Byz. s.v. 'AtroXXc^wpw cV r^

:7(/>i Bfap iKKai^KuTOi ^i/9X(a> tr«pi ^ffpxjTpos (Prjatp ore *Af)«eudca r^ ^ffprprpi



Digitized by V^OOQIC



REFERENCES FOR CHAPTER II 317

/MXXovTff &vtuf ol MpttKoiy ravnip yap rffp Bvciop vwmrnttravro fitra top
irpttfmp oitopop,

^ Feast of OcXwria at Kos : Theocr. Id. 7.31

d d* 6d6t S^ Qdkvtrtds' 17 yap rraipoi
dp€p€£ cvTrcVXtt Aaftartpt ^ira rfXcOvrc
oXi9«i» airapxpptvoi,

Cf. Paton and \i\c\:s,Inscripi, 37 (sacrificial calendar) AdfAorpt ois rcXfwf

KCU TfXfa KV«0<TCU

'' Feast of npoXoyta in Laconia : Hesych. S, v. $v<ria irpo rdv Kapiriau
TtXovptnj {m6 Aaxanwif,

Tides referring to the corn-goddess.

" Demeter ^Abrjtpayia in Sicily : Athenae. 4 1 6 B TloKfptav ^ cV irpurta

T&v npos Tlpmov irapa ZuecXtcoraif <f)rjfr\p * AiTj(l>ay[ai Upov upai icai 2iTovf
^fifjajrpof ayaikpa, ov nkfjalop IdpvtrBai koi 'Ifiakibot^ naBairtp iv ^t\<f>ols
'Eppovxov [? leg. (rvrcp/iov;(ov], cV dc SimuX^ ra /3o(tfriaie» McyaXdprov Ka\
M.ryakopd(ov : cf. id, 109^ rrjs Zirovs Koikovpfvrjt ArifjajTpog koi 'Ipdkiboi*
ovra>r yap . . . Trapa Ivpcucoo'ioif ri/iarat. Cf. month MryoXaprtor at

Pyrasos in Thessaly : inscription first century b. c. BulL Com Hell.
1891, p. 563 ; also at Halos : t6. 1887, p. 371. Feast of Megalartia
at Delphi: id. 1895, p. 11, inscription fifth century b.c; also at
Delos: R. 91.

*"• *A{rjala : Hesych. S, v. 7 ^j^pajTr^Pf diro tov d^OiVftv touj Kapirovi,

^ P'AXyd^: Theocr. Id, 7. 155:

fi^p^ nap ^aparpos iikti^abot:' h^s firt <ra>p^
aZris rya> ird(aipi piya irrvoy* d df yfXd(r<rac
bpaypara kclL paxtiPas cV dp<f>oTtpauriP «x9^^'
^ *Apaia: Suidas, J.y. p. 237 A 'Apaia, 1} i^pxfnip. 'Afocrta ic, 7
Kdpi7' Kol TTOpoipia 7 'Apaia ttjp 'A^i/truur prnjkBtp, Cf. Didymus apud



Online LibraryLewis Richard FarnellThe cults of the Greek states → online text (page 31 of 40)