Lewis Richard Farnell.

The cults of the Greek states online

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cum incensis faculis per orbem terrarum requireret per trivia earn vel
quadrivia vocabat clamoribus. Unde permansit in eius sacris ut certis
diebus per compita a matronis exerceatur ululatus, sicut in .Isidis
sacris. Id. I^cL 3. 26 consuetudo fuerat ut per trivia et quadrivia
ulularent et flebile quiddam in honore Dianae canerent rustici ad red-



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REFERENCES FOR CHAPTER II 333

dendam Cereris imitationem, quae raptam Proserpinam in triviis
clamore requirebat.

'•• Demctcr imXvirafutni : Hesych. X. V, *EniXv<ran€Pff, 'EXfv^a* Koi fiia
T&p EiX<i^i»ir icai iirainffiov ^rifujrpos napa Tapayripoit km Svpo/covcrtoir.
*EirtjroXa. S. V. ovrvs cV Aaxc doi/iovc 17 ^firjrrjp idpvfi€P^ ripartu, s, Z'.
iitiaatra* A^firjTpos tnoawpav, s, V, iiroiKidlrj, Arjfirjrrip' iv Kopiv6<o,

**• Demeter Kovporpoipo^ at Athens: C. L A, ^, 372 and 373
(inscriptions on seats in the Erechtheum) KovpoTp6<t>ov *( *Ay\avpov
Afifujrpof (referring to the worship of Demeter in the Aglaurion) :
Afip,rjTpos Kovporp6<f>ov *Axaias, Cf. R. 9.

*^ a Serv. Verg. Aen, 4. 58 alii dicunt hos deos quos commemoravit
nuptiis esse contrarios: Cererem quia propter raptum filiae nuptias
execratur . . . et Romae cum Cereri sacra fiunt observatur ne quis
patrem aut filiam nominet, quod fructus matrimonii per liberos constet.
Id. 3. 139 quidam dicunt diversis numinibus vel bene vel male faciendi
potestatem dicatam ut Veneri coniugia, Cereri divortia, lunoni procrea-
lionem liberorum.

Persephone: vide Ge, R. i.
>^« Horn. Od. 10. 491 :

tls 'Atdao ^fJMvs Koi tTraivrjs IItpa't(t)oveirj£,

II. 217:

Ilfpat<t)6v(iay Atos Bvyarrfp,

II 9. 568 :

TToXXa dc fcal yaiav 7r6kv(f)6pfirjv \9p<T\v akola
KuckriaKOva AtSi^y xai tircupfiw Iltp<rf<t>6v€iav,
np6xw Ka$((ofiitfjj, dtvopTo d< dwepva-i KdXnoi,
naidl d6pM¥ Bavarow r^f d* fitpo<t>oiTit ^Epiwvs
Hxkytw c( *Epe0€fr<f>w, dptiKixov ^op t^ovaa,

Hes. Theog. 912 :

Kvrap 6 A^fu/rpof voh^pfir^s h \ixos likBw^
4 Wxc n€p<r9<f>6inj9 XffVK»X<yoir, fjv *AIit»ptvs
fjpwagnp ^9 vaph iufrp6i' cSmjcc dc pjjrUra Ztvs.
Chthonian cults of Kore-Persephonc as queen of the lower world.

"* At Lebadeia (cf. R. 42^) : Paus. 9. 39, 2 ^o-i d* ivTavBa''EpKvva»
6pov KjSpff TJ Afffujrpos nai{ov<ra¥, ... § 3 mzl fori pw vphs rfj l&xlh ''^^
irorapov va6s *EpKVprjt, cV Bt avrf irapBivot XJP^ <x<wcra cV roir ;(€/wriV* Cicr*
di iv r^ airrjXaio rov irorapov re al injyai Kal oyakpaTa opBd, ntpifi^iyptvoi b*
da-ip axrr&w vols VKifTrTpois bpanomts . . . €?<v dc 2v Tpo<f>tinnot Ka\ ^EpKwa,
§ 4 leoi oMBtv lovaiP cr ru trpocrca tov opovg, KopTjs cart KoKovfiitnj Brjpa Knt
A4^ i3(i<rtXcW vaos. Liv. 45. 27 Lebadiae quoque templum lovis Tro-



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334 GREEK REUGION

phonii adit : ibi . . . sacrificio lovi Herc}'nnaeque facto, quorum ibi
templum est (Cf. Porph. de AbsL 4. i6 Upmt ^pp€if)amjt 7 ^drra.)

'*• ? At Thebes: Schol. Eur. PAoen. 682 ifWafe yap rat eiJ/Sor t§

Tltpvt^wri \m^ rov ^c^r apoxakvjrnipui^ wr Ev^opiW.

^^' At Potniai : Paus. 9. 8, I UorviSiV iarlp iptlma m\ «V avroU SXaw
^rjprjTpos Koi Koprj^, . . . cV XP^*'^ ^* fiprjpiifn ipwri Koi akka OTitScra Ka34<miK«
ir<f>i<nj K(u ts TO. ptyapa KoXovpfva affnaaip vs ru¥ vtoyvS^v' roifs dc vt rovrovs
f'ff rfiv iniowrav roO h'ovt <apap cf Attdoin; <j}€uriv iirt (fxanjvai^ ,

"* At Athens : Eur. fftracL 408 : 3

(T<t>d(ai KiKivova-ly pt napBivow K6pjj
Arfprjrpotf rjris €<rr\ narpot Mvytpovt.

Dem. /// Conou, 1259 fjylp dv(urrp€<f>ov(ri¥ dno row ♦ff>€</)aTTiow. . . .

Hesych. j. r. ^€pt<t>aTTtov' tottw <V dyop^, C, I. A, 2, 6gg (schedule of
accounts found on Acropolis, circ. 358 b. c.) ^rjprjrpof koI ^€pt<f>dTTTjs
vSpiai, 3. 293 (on a seat in the theatre) Up€<as ^rfprjrpos ical *€p€^iiTTi79.
3. 145 nXovToiVi KOI Koprf cv;(ap<oT)7pioy (late period).

"^'* At Argos : Paus. 2. 22, 4 d<t>id<n 6c koi vvv tn cV w ?6Bpop Kato-
pivas Xapndbas Kdprj rfj ^rjprjrpot, Cf. R. 253.

^ Argolis, near Lema : Paus. 2. 36, 7 nXrjalov W avrov irrpifiok6$ can
\i6aif Koi Tov UXovTOiva ApTrdaavray w Xtyirai Kdprjw r^w Ariprfrpot KaTa0rjv<u

ravTTj (paaiv; vide R. 233. Cf. Corp, Inscr. LaL 6. 1780 sacratae
apud Eleusinem deo Baccho, Cereri et Corae, sacratae apud Laemam
deo Libero et Cereri et Corae (a. d. 342).

"• At Hermionc : R. 37.

"^ At Sparta : Paus. 3. 13, 2 Aaiecdai^ioviocr dc . . . i<n\ i>ao« K<fpi7ff
Iwrupai* iroi^otu dc r^y Bp^ita *0/H^ca XryotKriv, o2 dc "AjSapiF d^ut6p€9W i^
*Yircp/3of>€W ; vide Tsountas, ^A. i4rf^. 1892, p. 21. Cf. Apollo,
R. 27 ^ At Gythion : see R. 43. At Mcssoa : R. 44. At Ells : sec
R.47.

'^' In the Allis : Paus. 5. 1 5, 3 mvoiijreu dc koI Atawolpms [fimi»6s\
§ 6 pomuf di Ttus Nv/x^aiff ov popiCowriM dipop ov^i raU Atawoipms cnrcpdcir,
ovd' im T^ /3»/if rf xou^ frayrwv ^Ay. In the Heraeum : 20y § 3
nXovrwy koI ^u^nKTor Ilcpo'c^in; M mi "Svp/ffxu . . . M dc r^ xXccM — c^cc y&p
^^ 6 nXovroiv icXciK— Xryovtrtv or* avT§ t6p tuXovptPow *Adijv KtitkuaBai rt vir^
rou nXovra»yoff koi i»t hrdmurip ovdcU o^r /( avrov.

In Arcadia, Persephone-Despoina.

"•^ AtLykosura: Paus. 8. 37, I oirA d^ ^AKtuaiirlov rivvopat imiiavs
nTTc^ci ro Jcp^F r^r Atanoivfjs. § 2 wp^ W roC wiow ^prjrpi re cort pupo9
KQi tTtpot Ac(nroiyi7, ^icr* avrvF 6c McydXi/r Mi/rpcSf. 6c»if W avri ro oydX-
fiara, Ac<nro(ya #ea( 7 Ariprinjp rt koi 6 Bpdvoi ip f KaOifypTat^ koi ro imoBripa



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REFERENCES FOR CHAPTER II 335

TO vwh rois noo'tw iinvf ivat 6fUHms Xt^ov. . . . Aa^iO^«vroff M jtoI ravra tpya,
^ fiitf 0S9 AijiAf/rrip d^da cV d<^($ ^p^h ^ ^ Mpa» X^'P^ imfitffktfKtp hii
rffp Aianoanp, 7 dc Aiowoipa <nainrp6p rt koL rffv icakavfiiprip Kiarrjp ciri rdlt
y^potfw <x€i, r^r W €X<^^ t5 ^f *? ^ Kiimit, ... § 3 irpir d< r^r A€<nroi-
in;c r^ oyaXfUin €<rnjK€v*ApvTot <r)fiiui imkurfuvov nap^x^f^pos* <t>aa\ di o2
^rfpi r& Upow Tpafl>TJ¥ai rffp Atanoivap vn6 rov *Ajnrrov, Ka\ tumt r&p TiraM»ir
KoXov/i<M»v Kal t6w "Awtop, ,,,Ta d< is Kovfnjrap, ovroc yap vir6 tS»w aydXpartap
irtnoifirrai, Koi to. ts Kopvfiavras (WitpyaiFfifPOvs M rov fiaBpov^ yipos df diit
dXXoioy Koi ov Kovprfrts, ra is rovrovf mpirifu inurraptpos, § 4 rwv d<
Tfpipt^p oi *ApKd^f dipdptiP &rrarrmp wkfip poiat i<ntopi(pwrt9 is ro Up6p, ... § 5
napa ti t6p pa6p t^s Aitnrounjs . . . Miyapop iim KoikovptPOPy xal TtXtrifp rt
hpwTW ipravBa koi tjj Atanounj Bvovvip itpua oi *ApKdiiS mXkd n koi &<fiBopa,
Bv€i pip d^ avT^p iicatrros o^ri KiienjTai' rStP dc Uptwp dc ov ras (fxipvyyas
arFOTtpv€i wrrrfp iir\ rais SKkats BvvlaiSy kSHKop d< o^ri &p rv^.? ^ovro iKaaros
antKo^t rov Bvparos* ravTrjp pdXiara BtStP a-ifiovtnv oi ^ApKodts r^v Ac(nro<*
Mzy, Bvyaripa 6i atr^v Tloo'iidmpos <l>aatp toftu koi Arjprjrpos iirU\tj<ris is roifs
1T0W0VS iartp avTfj tcai Ai<nrotpa . . . rfjs di ^ttnrotprjs ri Spopa 7h*iva is rovs
oTtkiijTovs ypa(f)tip, vnip d< ro laikovptvop piyap6p itrrw aXavs rijs ^tfnrotvrjs'
itpop BptyK^ XiBoiP w€pi€x6p€P0P, . • . vir<p dc ro aXaos koi 'imriov IIoo'ctdctMf ,
aT€ mrrphis rfis Acoirocvijr, xac BtStp SKKmp cure ^wpoi, 8. 10, lO r^v Icpov
r^ff taKovptprfs Atanolpas Aa^oir. Ritual-inscription from the temple of
Despoina at Lykosura: £ph. Arch. 1898, p. 249 p^ i$iarc» vapipmfp
fXOPTOS ip t6 itp6p rat ^«nroipas pri xpviria ocra pfi [^y] apaBtpa, prfii nop<f>vpto9
tiparurpop ptfdi opBufhp parfii ptkoPOy fu^dc xnrotripaTa prfdi daicrvkiop .... fujdc
r^ Tpixas dpnfirXrypipQs, p:^ MKoXvppipoSf ptfdi &pBta nap^ptpf fujdc
pv€(rBai Kvtpaop pjfii Btjka(iopiomp, T6s bi Bvopras . . • XP^^^ iXetuf, pvproi,
KtpuHf SkoaU alpokoyipdpois^ iydXpari^ pwtmPfn Xwwfals Xvx*^^* Bvpmpatn
Cpvfif^ apiipaaut rdr hi Bvwrag r^ 6^anoip^ Bvpara Bvrip Bf/Kta^ Cf.
inscription found on the site of the temple at Lykosura : Del/, Arch.
1 890, pp. 43-441 mentioning the Uptvt w ^mroipog. Id. pp. 45 fiaatktvs
*lovkios *Eituf>apijs ^iXcSmHnrof Acviro^ mi 2iiripq, dApop in\ Itpios liTfipixov.
lb. p. 43 ^1 Nojourcinror ^iXiinrov 6wiip ayaBhs t^p koI an6 irpoy6pwp mak&p
mI ipd6(wf Ktu imroirfK6rw9 r$ re irdXf t t&p Avjcovpao-cW ical rois Btois ra
ttiuua €P re avpduciais ical ItpanUus ml riitpttw Kopcir^cr Kal ip rats Xocirotf
baardvatg. . • . «irfdc{aro dc xol riof Itpartiop Hiicdatniros ras ^<nrotpat. . . .
r»v re xp7fuira»y p^ m<r6iPTmp rots pwrnjplois iw^micfp iic rov Idiov plov rm
KfHOK^ . . • aptPtPKoTtHrop dff ol imp^Xrirai r6 ^^ri<f>tapa t6 ypaijiip is ro ypap'
paroKfnikcMuxp rh iw MrydX^ mSXct. Cf. Id. p. 44, no. 2, and p. 45> nO. 5
for dedications of Megalopolis at Lykosura.

b In the territory of Megalopolis on the Messenian border : Paus.
8. 35, 2 ayakpara ov ptyaXa Atairoiprjs rt koi L.fipifTpoSy rrt dc xcu *Eppov
TTtnoitjrat xol 'HpoKkiovs. Cf. R. 44.



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33^ GREEK RELIGION

Other chthonian cults in Arcadia.

o ? At Megalopolis: Paus. 8. 31, I to dc htpov n«pat Trjt moas mpt-
Xcrai r6 npot ^Xtov dvflrfM>r mpifiokop 6t^9 Upov tS>v fityaXmif, ai dt tlatw al
fuyaXai Btat ^fufrrip ral Kopi;, . . . r^v Kdpi^ir ^ Swrrcpoy leoXovcrtF ol
*Apicdd€t . . . KOI irpo avrwi' Kopar iiroitfatv ov fityakat, cV ;^irw<ri r< xa^covo'iv
cV ot^vpd, xai ai^ir oMnrXccay tKoripa rakapov riri r^ Kf<t>aXjj <^<pci* cimu dc
Bxryartpft roO Aafio<f)oivros Xcyoyroi. ^^. Arch. 1896, p. 122, Achaean
decree at Lykosura in honour of Icittir noXi/;(dp/iov McyaXoiroXctn^r . . .

yfyovwff /icV drro rwf np^rc^f rfjp rcXrr^F rotv MryoXa>y ^fc!>ir Trapa rotr *Ap«d<ri
(rvoTTja'afiivunf i€po<t>arri>p . , . ayaoT^ant '^ , . ciVdvof avroO xakKtas • • .
cX<>^(rar iniypaffiriv '' SdwMz . . . MryoXoTroXf I'rrjir o2 *A;(aio< rov l9poff>ayrTiP rwy
Mf'yaXcai' ^€«f " (circ. 1 20 B. c).

'I ?At Mantinea: R. 249, 149'^.

« ? Tegea : relief representing Demeter Kore and Hades wiih
worshippers, ArcL Zeit, 1883, s. 225. Cf. R. 30.

"* At Mykonos : see Zeus, R. 56.

»** At Paros: sec R. 50 ; Hera, R. 66.

^ At Amorgos : Zeus, R. 55^

'^ At Rhodes : Suidas, S, V, *A(r<t>6df\ot. Utpcre<f>6yrjs Koi x^owW itpop'
Koi 'P<$dioi Trfv K6prjv kcu rriv^AprtfiUf doffxtdtXt^ <rr«'<^ov(riV.

'-* Near Tralles : Strab. 649 «V dc tJ 6t^ rj iiMra^v r»F TpaXXcd»y jcal
rrfs ywnjt KOifiJi Tttv Nv(rac«>9 cerriy ovx uirtmBtv r^s iroXfoiff *Axdpa«o, hf i ro
JXkovTwtop t^ov Koi aktrot ircXvrtXis km ptw nXovr»y<^ t€ koi Kdpi^, Jcm to
Xapttmov avTpop vrrfpKtifitvop rov Skews BavfuuFrhp rfj ^crcc* Xcyov<n yc^ dij
roifs poaoidtis ical npovtxoprat rots rw $t&p tovt»p BtpawtUttg <f>oiTap cWo'f
Kcu duuraaBai ip t§ KotfAff irkrjviop rov Swrpov naph toU ipartlpoit rmp <cpc«v,
ot iytooipApraL rt inrtp avriiP mi dtordrrovfriy ix rwp op€ip»p rat B^pcanias . • •
a-yovot df froXXciiuf tU t6 ayrpop Koi Idpvovai fiipopTos KoB* ^avx^of €Xf< Ka$an€p
cV ^X(^ airUiW X^P^ ^^ nktiovg ^pJpof, lioTi ^ ore xol UHoif ipvwptoa oi
po<nfk€v6fupoi npoaixawn • . . roi« d^ oXXocr Shvrdt iarip 6 rims mi SktSpux,
voprfyvpit If ip rocp *AxopdKOis avrnktim nar Iror. . . . rdn di mi vfpl rffp
fitaijfjfipiap vfroka06pT€t raupop ol in rov yviufoaimi phU mi c<^7^oc yvpjpoi kin
akijkififi€Poi fitra anovdijs amKOfiiCownv mU t6 Sprpoir ixf^tBtis di /uxp^P irpofX-
6o»p nlnrd koi tiarpovs yiMToi. Inscription found near Acharaka : Btiil.
Corr. HdL 1883, p. 402 6 dauuts 6 2oXof«v Kdpi^ xol nXovrMs BmSs
iroTptfOif opiBriM, Id, ^l88l, p. 232 6<oy<i^iia ip Ifwrff (Roman
inscription).

'*' At EpheSOS : Movo-. mi Biffk, Evayy. Z^oX. 1880, p. 180 trpcW

nXovTutpot Koi Kdpiys, in reign of Vespasian.
'" InCaria: R. 51.



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REFERENCES FOR CHAPTER II 337

*" AtKnidos: R. 52.

** ? At Sinope : see R. 262. At Kyzikos : App. Mithrad. 75 Xcyfroi

d^ r\ iroKit (fiirpoiKMP xnro A169 rfj K6p7j dodrjvaty kqI aiffownv avrffv oi Kv(iKtjvo\
fjuxkiara $t&w; iir«\3ovajjs ^ rrjt ioprrjty tp j Bvovtri $o\tP fuKaiuap^ oi fUp
ovK 7')(ovT€i rn-Xorroy aird <rrrov, fi^Xaiva d< ^ow 9K rrtXayow irpos avrovs ditpfi^

xrro. Cf. Porphyry, De Ahsi. i. 25 (same story in Plut. Luc. 10
mentioning the festival to *€pf<^TTia). Steph. Byz. s.v» fifafiucor

priviitop ntpi Kv(ucop . . . AyaOoKkijs 6« cV nputrrj ir€p\ Kv(Uov <f>Tj(r\p ort
* Krifrpa i<rr\ ^tpa'f<l>6pri^J K6pij 2o}Ttipa at Kyzikos : BuiL Corr, Hell,
1880, p. 473 Kvfiinyvwi^* 6 Otot ixprjv*' cn-irfTcAfjcor* to a-anfipia irpaT-

[tovt€s Kopa] TO iwupat. Cf. id. p. 475, n. 5, inscription mentioning
Up€vt K6prts lan-tipas, Archaic inscription on fragment of marble cup
at Oxford found at Kyzikos A€<nrdin7<ri : Roehl. Inscr. Graec. Antiqu. 501.
C /. (?. 3671, inscription, Roman period, from Kyzikos: 0aKfprjs tV
Tfptptaai K6prfs, Games in honour of KSprf at Kyzikos : Strabo, 2, p. 98

EC^(6» Tiva Kv(iKrjp6v Bttapop Koi <nrovbo(^pop rov rap Kop§i<ap ay^pog
ikBtlp €is Atyvirrop . . . Kara t6p ^vTtpop Evtpyarjp, Cf. Rhea-Cybele,

R. 55.

^•* At Syracuse ; Diod. Sic. 5. 4 oi dc koto t^i^ 2iKt\iap . . . Uarip^

tS>p 6tS>p leorcdct^av Bvaias koI traprjyvptis tiFoapvfiovt avrals TTOiriaavrtt • . •
TTJs flip yap K6pi]9 t^v «iroya»y^ir ^rroirjawfTo mpi riy Ktupov cV 0^ top toO
(Tirov KOpn^p TrrfXtawvpyrjirBcu iTVP(0<uv€P» 5. 4 ad init. top yap UXovT^wa
pv3o\oyova'i rffp dpnayfip iroujadfifpop oTroKo/iucrac n}v Kopijp c<^* dpparos irkijtriop
rfl^y 2vpaicov<r»p* Trrjyfip di dtmpai Trjp 6pofia{optvrjp Kvatnjp, vpos ^ kot
hnavrrhp ot Zv/Kuedo-coi irainfyvpip ^uf>aprj avprtkovin, mil Bvovcw ol flip liuarat
ri AofTw T«r UptiiAP^ itjfio<ruf dc ravpovt ^vBHowtip h tJ \ifu^. Cf.
R. 104. Hesych. S,V, 'ZpfiUwff, ^ ArjfJfTtjp koI K6prj ip 2vpaK0wratg,
Schol. Find. 01, 6. 158 Upwrvprfp itx^ ^ Vpoiy ^TffujTpot xoi K6pijt KOi
Ai^ AItpoIov €p ZuccX^ /« diado;^^^ Ti^XtMV rov irpoy6pov ovt&p,

**• At Gela : Herod. 7. 153 ciicfjr^p 6 cV TcXij ?f €k ptfaov T^Xov r^s «rt
Tptoiri<f Ktifitprjs , • . opii ;(p({yoy d< ovroO o2 awiyopoi y€p6iitpot Upo(f>dpTai rwy
xBoptnp 6€&p dtrrcXcov €6pt€s,

"* ? At Akragas : Find. PylA, 12.2 ^9p€rttf>6pas cdw.

** ? At Selinus, Fersephone nocrutpdrcia ; R. 71.

*" ? At Katana, Persephone ffaaiKls : C. /. G, It, Sic, 450 nrpo-c^KJw;
Ba<riXU Kanivoi[«v] (inscription of doubtful authenticity).

In Italy.

'" Lokri Epizephyrii : Livy 29. 18 fanum est apud nos Proserpinae,
de cuius sanctitate templi credo aliquam famam ad vos pervenisse.



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338 GREEK REUGION

Diod. Sic. Exc, de VirU ei Vtt 470 (Dind vol. 4, p. loi) hru^aofwrfxrow
rS^v Kara r^v *IraXuiy Up&» rovro \rh rrjt Htpat^wfit Up^v\ cZnm Xcyfnu xat
dca 9rayr^ dyv^v vno rwv iyxmplwf rmjpfjoBau C. /. (r. //. «Sir. 63 1
dedication on bronze helmet found 'in agro Locrensi': [nJ^pc^tUa
[ap4$rj\4 fit SoKii (early fifth century).

* AtTomi: Arch, Ep, MittK 8. 8, 21, inscription of imperial

period, itpaT€V(rainos UXovrtapi icai Afffirfrpi kqi Oc^ K6prj,

^^ Persephone Adctpo in Attica : C, LA, 2.^41^ (time of Lycurgus)

Icjc TTJt ^o-t'ac] rrj Aatiprj, Et, Mag, S,V. C^tipa' ^ IItpat<f>6pif wapa
*A$fjvaiots. Aesch. Frag, 275 (Schol. Ap. Rhod. 3. 846) on dc rrfp
Aalpav Ilfp(rt<l>6vTjy xoXovcri Tifuxrdiprjs iv ry *E(rjyrjTuc^ ovyKarariBwrm km,
Ato-;(vXor cV ^\aytay6ii €p<f)aip€ij rfjv Iltp(Tt<f)6vrfv 4icd«;(0/A<vor Aaipop, Cf.

Pollux, I. 35 ^€tplTr)s mentioned among the officials of the Attic

mysteries. Paus. I. 38, 7 *^fvaiva dc >7pa>a, d<^* ov rrjv irdXiir 3M>/ia{bv<riy)
ol p4y *Epfiov iraiBa tivai Koi Aatipas *QKiauov Bvyarpos Xryot/cri. Eustath.
Horn. //. p. 648, 37 Adctpov ^tpiKvirjt loTopn 2Tvyof ddcXc^^y, mu coucf,
<f)rjaivj ovT<af txtiv §m yap vypas oxurias roTrovaw ol iraXoiOi r^r Aatipop,
A16 Koi troKtpiaif TJ ArftirjTpi vofu^ovciv, orav yap Ovrjrm avrj [Aa€ipjf\

oif irapttrrip rf ^TffiTjrpos Up€ia. Attic Tetrapolis inscription, fourth
century b. c, TapjjXwpot Aatp? ois Kvowra, Prott- Ziehen, Leges Graecorum
Sacrae 26.

Kdp7 [n#p<rc(^'i^] or y\ llaic associated with Demeter in cult.

**•» At P}Tasos in Thessaly : Bull Corr, Hell, i89i,p. 562 ^joparpi
leoi Kdp9, third century b. c.

^ At Ambrysa in Phokis: C, I, G, 1727 ^idfunpi xai K6p^
(? second century b.c). Id, 2567 ray ^fiarpa Koi TOP ISMpop 'Apx*^i^
. . . fttra TOP TTfpiaraffip inrtp rat ir6\tos Ik r«y IU»p idpwraro (first
century b.c).

« At Thermopylae: Bull. Corr, Hell, 1898, p. 479, fourth century
Amphictyonic inscription from Delphi, t»p Bvpiapjarmp r&p tp Uvkait rov
irtpifiSKov T^f K6pf)t, At Opus : Geogr, Reg,

^ ? At Lebadeia: Upjfs KaXwfttprj Brfpa; see supra, R. in.

**• At Anthedon: Paus. 9. 22, 5 *Ap$ridopuHt pakurra mv Kor^iump
rrjt ir($Xca>r Ka/3c(po>v Upop Ktu akaos mpl avT6 tart, irXi^iby di ^pgfrpas koi
rvit Ilatd6s pa6s,

i3tft ^j Potniai: R. 113. Near Thebes: Paus. 9. 25, 5 ^rjprirpot

Kafittplas Ka\ Koprjs tarip aXaof i(T(\0€ip dc rot; rcXro^cio-ur coTi* rovrov ti
roO akaovt firrd irov aradiovs rw Ka^ttpttp to Up6p a<^€VTi\K€,



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REFERENCES FOR CHAPTER II 339

^ Thebes : Eur, Phoen. 681 :
Toi^ yav . . .

Iltpa't<f}<ura'a itai ^iXa

^ofumjp Bta

vdm»p apQcaOf ndrrutp dc Fa Tpo<f)6f

€KrriiT(urro' irifitrt 7rvp<p6pwf

Otau

C. /. G. Sept, 2468 [Adfiarpi r 9 ^6prj,

'*• Near Plataea : R. 238. At Skolos : Paus. 9. 4, 3 ^^^/iiyrpos ti kqi

K6pfjf <V rots tp€imois ovk i^ipyaap-ivos o waot^ fjniata dc koi tois Btali tori
Tu dydkpara.

"* ? At Tanagra : Bui/, Corr. HdL 2, p. 589, PL 26, 2, inscription
in the museum of Tanagra, tVi Qopa. Third century b. c. inscription
of Tanagra: Rev, d. £t. Grec.y 1899, p. 71, 1. 4 pavrtvopiva^ ras
irokios ovntp r^ lap& rat Adparpof Kfj rar K6pas irortpa icrj avri ia6vTVS
TooKiypfp/t KaBa Kfj viovv tin t6 fitXrtov tvatrr^ ti ptraififyovTvt cV rhv rdnop rbv
rar Evaptpias ci h ttoXiv, 6 'An^KKaw <;(p«i(rc Btas irpofaarlhas <Trt<t>dw
himo'Bri hr dyaBv BdkXopras k^ o^ro miptv €V)(op4uoit avrijs rrjs Btrjs* ottox S»v
KoravKtvaoBtUf t6 laphv rar CMparpot iv ir6Ki ... I. 18 itratiptp t§ ^rjjkopMWfj
Tov yovvrjitSiP hravytiKdirBrf pfj irkiop frtvr€ tpaxpds,

**• At Kolaka in Lokris: Collitz, Dialect, Inschr, 1490 *Z\irtviKap
Upartvtratrap Adparpi koi K6pq,

'** At Athens and Attica : see R. 9, 16, 18, 42*, 65, 75»»«. Paus.
I. 2, 4 ftrtXBdpTtap bi is rrfp nSktp • . . nkfjo'iop pads itrri Arfprfrpos' aydXpara
d« avTi7 r< K<u ^ ncus ica\ dgda €xo»p "hucxof' ytypanrai 6c itrl ry roixf ypdp"
paaip *Attucois Ifpya tlpoi IIpa^rAovr. I. 1 4, I pool dc (mip ttjp Kpffprip
lEppioKpovpop] 6 flip ArfpjfTpos irfiroii/roi xal Kdprjs ip di rt^ TpivroXipov
KtipMpdp iarip ayakpa, I. 3 1, I UpoairaXrlois dc ccrri leal roiWr lUdprfs xol
Afffurrpos Up6p, At Phlye: vide R. 26. ?At Skiron: see Athena,
R. 27«^».».

^** At Corinth: R. 34. Paus. 2. 4, 6 6 dc riov ^ioipS>p [pa6s] koi

6 Afipjjrpos Ka\ Kdpfit ov f^>apfph. l)(ova'i ra dyakpara,

*** Near Sicyon : R. 82. At Phlius : Paus, 2. 13, 5 cV hi rj (ocpotn^Xfi
irai aXXor irtpiPokds cWiy Ifpor LfinjfrpoSy cV dc ovr^ wu^r re xai ayakpa
LfipjfTpos «M r^r fraid^r — (below the Acropolis) Arfpjjrpds ifrruf itpop icai
KaBfiptpa dyakpara dpxaia, ArgoHs, R. 115^, 253. At Hermione :

R.37.

"• At Bouporthmos (a mountain on the coast near Hermione) :

Paus. 2. 34, 8 «V BowrdpBptf irtnolrfTot pip Upop Ariprjrpos Kai lijs iraiBds,

Z1



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340 GREEK RELIGION

"^ Between Hennione and Troezen : Paus. 2. 34, 6 tan di EiXioi

X^^pioPy <V dc avT^ ArifujTpo^ leoi Koprff rrjf ^firjTpot if pa. At Troezen :

cf. the cult of Damia and Auxesia, R. 36.

At Epidauros and Aegina: R. 36. Cf. Fouilles d^Epidaure 42
AfOTToiva ^io<f><urrot ifponoKria'as kut wap,

**• In Laconia. * Sparta, R. 43 : vide Apollo, 27*.

^ Gythion : R. 43.

c Helos: R. 240. ^

^ Amyklai : C. L G. 1435 h ifoKit rr]v (r<a(t>popf<rTdTrjp Afpapicof ttip
Bwapiuxrrpiov koX 'Eariav frdXcop 6<rLci>s koi fvaycit icai /ifyaXo^u;(0»( Xirovp-
y^u-acav raip Bfoiv, 15, 1 449 >7 ttoXis AvprjXiop *£7ra</>p», nciikop rocv ayu^*
rdroiv 6foip ytvofiivrjv^ ArifxijTpi Koi Kopj},

In Messenia. Andania: R. 246.

**•* In Arcadia: R. 107. Tegea: R. 30. Megalopolis: R. 119^.
Thelpusa: R. 242. Phigaleia: R. 40. Lykosura : R. 119. PPallan-

tion : Paus. 8. 44, 5 cV dc UaiWcurru^ . . . KopTjs Tfjs ^pjjTpoi Itpop,
Mantinea : t'd, 8. 9, 2 con dc «cal AioaKoCpav koI htpotBt ^fiftjjrpos Koi Koptft
tcpoi/* TTvp dc ipTav6a Koiovai^ noiovfupoi (fipoprida firi \dBrj a^ivip amnrfitvBip.

Cf. R. 69.

^ Schol. Pind. OL 7. 153 ttoXXoI d* ayovrai <r/c0vc( cV *Apieadiq, AvfcoiO,
K6p€ia, 'AXccua, ^Eppaia,

Elis: vide R. 47, 118.

**•« Achaea, At Aigion : Paus. 7. 24, 2 KSprfs rt ntnouirat [Up6p] rrjg
^rifurrpos ; cf. R. 59. Patrai : R. 6.

The Islands.

'«•• Delos: R. 91.

^ Mykonos : vide Zeus, R. 56,

« Keos : JBuU. Corr. Hell. 1905, p. 356 *ikoxdpwg yvptf Uptta ywopimi
AriiiiriTpi Koi K6pjf,

^ Paros : vide Zeus, R. 55 ».
• Amorgos : Zeus, R. 55 ^

' SyrOS : C /. (r. 2347 ^ [Icpcia] t&p ovpatnttp Btc^p Afffuirpot col Kdpag
T&v irfnporar»p (late period). Cf. 23470. ? Thera : C.I. A. Mar. Aeg.
3« 355 Kovpijf inscribed on rock in precincts of temple of Apollo
Kappttos (very archaic).

K Samothrace : vide Geogr. Reg. s. v.

^ Lesbos : ? Demeter and Kore as Otdi Kap7ro<t>6poi, R. 30.



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REFERENCES FOR CHAPTER II 341

'** ? Crete. Hierapytna : C. 7. G, 2567 rw Ldfzarpa xai tti^ lUpay
*Apx€^ixa . . , vKtp TTjt irdXfttf . . , (dpvotiro (Roman period). 16. 2568
^fair ^yafvpt ksu Kop^j (private dedication of Roman period).

**• Byzantium : Dionys. Byz. p. 7, 5 ^tirjrpot ku Koprjs irapaXXrjXa

[Itpd] (Wescher).

Asia Minor.

"*» Sigcion : C. I, G. 3636 [itptta] ArifXfjTpi icai K%.

b Aigai: Ergdnztingshe/t des Jahrh. deuisch. List 1889, 2, p. 42
^noYyfKkaptvai CKtvaoTiv apyvpa itpoo'tana $( koX xpvtruivrfv koi Brj<njv rat rt
LiaparpOi koi ras Koppas koi twit avwavtap BtS^v (seCOnd centUry B. c).

"** Erythrai : Dittenberg. SylL 370, 1. 72, inscription circ. 278 B.C.,

mentioning priesthood, Arifirftpos koI Afifirjrpos Koprj^, 1. 90 ArffirjTpof fcat
Koprjs IlvBoxprffTrov,

b Caria. Athymbra: R. 51. Knidos: R. 52. Halikarnassos :
R. 65.

Sicily.

^^ Syracuse: R. 103, 129. Diod. Sic. 11. 26 6 TtXap «V fitp tup

\a<f>vp<ap KOTfaKtvavt paovt a^tok6yovs ^fujrpos koi KSptft. Cf. ra Kopcca at

Syracuse, R. 68. Gela : R, 130. At Selinus, Demeter MaXo<t>6pos and
Persephone nao-4#cparcia : R. 71.

^^ Akrai : C /. G, 543 ^ Nvfi<^a>r 'lipwpos ppaftoprvaas Syval? Btdis,
Cf. 543^ Itpartvopros 3fS>v dypS>p KoXXiyryci^
"' At Tauromenion : t5. 5643 StaU 6ypaU xap«"^/wo»'. Hesych. s,v.

It pa nap0€pos' rf Arjpi'irrjp [? Tf Afifujrpos].

"* Henna: Cic. Verr, 4. § 107 ubi usque ad hoc tempus Syracusani
festos dies anniversarios agunt, celeberrimo virorum mulierumque con-
ventu . . . mint quaedam tota Sicilia privatim ac publice religio est
Cereris Ennensis. § 108 nee solum Siculi verum etiam ceterae gentes
nadonesque Ennensem Cererem maxime colunt. § 109 qui accessistis
Ennam vidistis simulacrum Cereris e marmore, et in altero tempio
Liberae. Sunt ea perampla atque praeclara sed non ita antiqua. ex
aere fuit quoddam modica amplitudine ac singulari opere, cum facibus,
perantiquum, omnium illorum quae sunt in eo fano, multo antiquissi-
mum. §110 ante aedem Cereris in aperto ac propatulo loco signa
duo sunt, Cereris unum, alterum Triptolemi, et pulcerrima et perampla
. . . insistebat in manu Cereris dextra simulacrum pulcerrime factum
Victoriae.

Tarentum : vide Geogr, Reg, s. v.



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342 GREEK RELIGION

Carthage.

^^ Diod. Sic. 14. 77 /<'^a ^ ravm natrav n^FiroXiy dcurtdm/iona Kar4<rx^
Koi dcor . . . ov iraptiXTj(f)6Ttt dc <V roZr tcpotr o0rr Kopijp odrt A^^ip'pa, roumir
trpcir rov( ifriai^t^orarov^ rdv iroXcro^v KOTiaTrja'fv koi firra iraoiyc (rtftmrfros
ras QfCLi ibpva-aiitvoi rat 6valas rois r<av *'E\kT)v<aw tQtaiv tnoiovv.

Titles of Kore referring to vegetation and agriculture.

^•^» Kafj7ro<f)6pos : R. 30.

^ ndkv^oia : HeS}'ch. J. V, Btos tic vrr* €Vi<i>i/ fi«j/ "Aprtms vtto if oXXwr
Kopi;. Cf. MfXi^oia, R. 37. "^

^ ^Xotd : Hesych. 5. Z\ ^Xoidv r^v KJp^v r^i^ 6fav ouro) icoXoOo'i Aajea>rfr.



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