Lewis Richard Farnell.

The cults of the Greek states online

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Month *Xoai(r(09at Sparta : Collitz, Dialect, Inschr, 4496. Hesych. j.r.
^Xui7(7<or' fii7V rir. Steph. Byz. X. Z^. ^XioOr* Aoxcdat/ioi/tot dc rwv fui^wp iva
^\id<Tiov icaXoCo't.

tl ? MfXirwfiryff : Porph. de Antr, Nymph, 18 rhu ^rjfirjrpos Updas at rrjs
X^ovlas didi /xucrriSar p.tXicra'ai oi naXaioX fKoXow avrriv rr rijv Koprjv ^XirwS^.

Cf. Hesych. s. v. MtXiaa-ai, Pind. Pj/Zi. 4. 106 xpn^t^^ copBu»(rtp /uXto -

oras S€\(pidos nvTo^dT<a xcXado). SchcL 23. pLfkiaaai 6i Kvpias p.tv ras rrjs
AripLTjTpos iipiias ^acl Koraxp^fmKuts Sc ku\ rdi ndaas dia to tov {^^ov KaBapou
... on d< icai ra( rcpl ra tcpa durrfXouoraff vvii<f>ai McXtVcrar tXryov, M¥<ur€as
6 Haraptvs d<l>riy€LTai Xiy<av , . . ai'cv yap ^v^<f>a>v oCn ^rip.TjTpot Upov
ripBrai . . . oint ydfios ovSctf avtv ^vfKpiov avtrrfXtTTai,

*•* Festival of Upoxcuprjrripia I Harpocr. S. v. npoxaiprjTfipia, Awcovpyos
cV 1*17 Tuv Kpo<ea)i/i5a>v ^ladiKaaii^' copny trap* *ABrjuaLOii ypa<j>op€vrj , leg. dyofuvrj

oTt doKu dirttpai rj Kdprj, See Athena-chapter, vol. i, p. 292, R. 28.

? Marriage and child-birth.

^«» e€(rfio(t>6pot at Athens: R. i7» ?At Delos: R. 91. ?At
Priene : R. 99. ? At Syracuse : R. 68.

to Xtipoywia : Hesych. S, V, 1} U€pirf<f>6vr), PoUux, I. 37 Kop7ff napk
2iJCfXia)rai£, Bcoyo/ua luu *ApSfaxf>6puL Cf. R. 1 2 4.

Independent worship of Kore-Persephone apart from Demeter.
*•»» ? At Athens: R. 114, 135. Sparta: R. 117.

^ At Megalopolis: PaUS. 8. 31, 8 tov vaov di t«»' firydXtoP Bta¥ icTiw
Upov €P dcfif Koi Kdprjs* XiBov dc ro aydkfia irod«v okta) paXurra' ratPiai dc
iir€xov(n 5c^ irayr6( r^ ffdBpop' cr Tovro ro Irpiv yvpoi^ /ici' r6y iroyTo corir
firodos XP^^^^t ^^ ^* apdp€S ov irXeop fj aira( icarh cror tKcurrop it ovrd iaiatn,

(Cf. Despoina-cult, R. 119*.) PPergamon, Kore-Misc: Ath,MitU 6,
p. 138 'ApQit 'Upfia MioTj Koptf t6p ^<aphp dviBfjKf, Kyzikos : R. 128.
Nisa, nearTralles: R. 124. Lokri Epizephyrii : R. 134.

c ? At Er}'thrai: Dittenberg. SyiL 370, inscription mentioning priest-
hood of Kdptjt layrfiprjs, 1. 83, circ. 278 B. c, but vide R. 154.



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REFERENCES FOR CHAPTER II 343

<l ? At Hipponion (Vibo-Valentia) : Strab. 256 dta r6 cvXct/x^va tlvai
ra irtpuctifitva X^P^ '^ avBrjpa rfip K6pri» cV 2uct\ias d^uvfia^oi d«vpo
opOoKoYTiomHrap* ex di tovtov nur yvMu^iy t» tfSti yiyoptv awBoXoyuv Ka\
<rr€<f>aprjir\oKtiP, &aTt rair ioprait ala^phv tlvai irrt^vovt «in;rovf <f>op€iv, CL
inscription from Hipponion, Orelli-Henzen, InscripL vol. 3, p. 143,
no. 1476.

• ? Akragas : R. 131^. ? Alexandria: Strab. 98 Ev6o$6» nva KvCucrj-

vov Btapiiv Koi (nrovdo<t>6pop rou roiv Koptiav dyuvor f\$u» «tf AtyvnTOP
lOTopct ^Ilo(T«idoi>uiosj Kara rov dtvnpop "Evtpyirrjv,

The Eleusinian and other state-mysteries.

Local cult_or Eleusis.
'•* Hom. H. Dem. 473 :

T\ df \^7\\kT^p\ Ktovaa OMfutTTonoXoit ^atriXfva'i
dfi^fy TpiJTToXc^y T( AioicXfi Tf 7r\rj(iinr<f,
Evfioknov T€ ^iTj KfXfo) ff ijyrjropt Xacov,
dpfja'p^avmiv ff Upav Koi iirt^padtp opyta irao-c,
TpiwroKiyM rt UoKv^ivia t\ im rois ^c AiOKKt?^
(TtpvcLf rd T oC ir«p tan nap(^ip€P ovrt irvBtaOai,
oijT dxttuf* tiiycL yap r« BtSiv (riffat ((r;^aycc ovdi^y.

270: aXX' aye fioc irf7<$v re ptyop Ka\ fic^p^v inr avT<a

Tn;x6vTc»v rap 6^fiop vwal ir6kip alnv t« r€i;(Of,
KaXXi;(Of>ov tuMntpStPy ink wpoCxopTt Ko\<up<ti,

Fame of the mysteries.
'••* Find. Frag, 102 :

SKfitot 6<rTw Idcip ^Kuva kolKop

curcv %m6 ^^(Spa* oidcy pw 0cov jcfivof reXcrn-dy

o2$fy df dcdo'dorov ap\dp»

^ Soph. O. C 1050 :

Xa/iirdo'cy axroir, o^ irorviai <r€p»h

TtSfjPovvrai TfXiy BporoUrtP i>p koi ^fn^^a

icX,^( en"! yXd»<7-<r9 Ptfiaxt irpoairSKtip EvpoXniddv.

c Soph. /Vfl^. 719 :

£ rpuroXfitoi
lecivoi 0poTu>Pj ot ravra dtpx^tPTts rikrf
pokcoa €s *Adov Toc<rd« yap p6vots cVc?
f?" ^OTi, Toiff d* aXXourt irdpr' cVrt Ka#cd.

d Eur. Here, Fur. 613:

TO pvaToiv d* opyi* rivryxjlO"* i^v.



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344 GREEK REUGION

• Isocr. Paneg, § 28 r^* TtXcr^i*, ^^ ol furturxprrtf irtpi rt r^f rov fiiov
rffXfvr^p Kat rov avfiwarrot alStvof rfiiow rw iXvidag ff;(ovat. Cf. Arist.
JSleusin, Dind. vol. I, p. 421 ti^lovt ^xttv rat ikm^w . . . leac ovk if <r«c^^
Koi pop^p^ Kturofupow, Cf. R. 2 2 3 'I

f ^«M. Pai. II. 42 (referring to the mysteries):

rStv ano taiv (taoltrip aiciydca, k€vt av ucrjai
fg irXtdvtop f(tis Ovfiov €\a(f)p6T€pov,

Eleusinian cult taken over by Athens.

^** PauS. I. 38, 3 Tovrov Tov EvjxoXiro^ ai^ixiaBai \€yov(rt» €k Qp^f
UoiTfi^iovof Tralfia ovra koi Xioptjs . . . KaraiXvovrai 5< cVl roTcdf t6»' iroXffiov,
a>p 'EXcvatwoup fV ra aWa 'A^kiiW icarT^iciJovff OKrar iJiia rtXtlv r^v TcXmJi''
ra d< i€pa roiv dtoiv Ev/xoXttos itai ai $vyariptt dpcixrip ai KcXcoO* Kakowrt dc
atpas Ildfi<l)(i)t T€ Kara ravra koi "Ofxrjpos . . . T€\€VTr]a'avrog Bi EvfioXtrov
Krfpv^ vtu>Tfpos XetVcrai tcjv iraiBcjv^ ov aiiToi KrjpvKts Ovyarpos KfKpotrot
^AyXavpov koi 'Epfiov ?rai5a tlvai Xiyovaiv, nXX' ovk Evfioknov, Cf. 205^.

^^ Herod, i. 30 (Tellos, in time of Solon) yivopivjjt \\Brjvaioiai iMxn^

npoi Tovf aoTvytiTovas iv *E\tva-lvi ^fiBqa-as leai rpojrriv irotqcas twv iroXcfucav
arr*Bav€ JcaXXcora.

*" Schol. Aristoph. P/uf. 10 14 'Hpa/cX^y €iri(rras rj(iov pv€i(r6aL- tdoi dc
rjv *ABT)uaioii (fvov pfj /ivciv. pf) ^ov\6pivoi ovv XCccu t6 HBot prj^ diraaai rov
€v(pyirr]v 'HpakXta mvoijaav pxKpa pv(rn)pta tvprrddora. Initiation of aliens
through adoption, Plut. Thes, 33 koX tovto [t6 pwjBrjvai^ xmrip^v avroii
\r6ii AiocTKovpoicl *A(piBuov Troirjaafitvov iraiBas as UvXios 'HpaxXca. Cf.

ApolL Bi6L 2. 5, § 12.

^^ Mysteries open to the whole Hellenic worid before the sixth
century (?). Horn. If, Dem. 480 :

c^XjSiop hs rdd* Snonnv iinxBovictu opBpwmp'

Is d* orfX^r lipS>Vf os r ippopot oC troSt 6poi»p

altrcof I)((i ifiOipMPos irtp vw6 C6<l>^ wvp^pn.

^^* Soph. An/^. 1 1 19:

irayKOiPois *£Xrv<rtviaff
Arjovf ip kSKwois,

Xen. HelL 6. 3, 6 Xcyrrcu pip TpiirrSKtpjoi 6 ^p^rtpot irp6yo9ot t6. ^ripjfrpos
Koi K6pffg appjjra iipa irpi»Toi£ ^Wr ^€1(01 'HpaieXfi re r^ vptrip^ ^XTV^VB
KoX LuHrK&paiw toip vptripotv iroKlraiP,

*'' Herod. 8, 65 t^p 6prrip ofyovcrt *AOrjpaioi dva irdvra trta rfj MrjTpi Ktu
rj Kovpu, Koi avT<av rt 6 ffovXofitvot koi twp aXXa»i^ 'EXXi/vur pvitrcu' icai r^r
<Po>pfiP rijs dKOV€i£ ip ravrrj rfj oprj uiic;(a^ot;<r(.



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REFERENCES FOR CHAPTER II 345

'^ Isocr. Pamg, 157 "Elfkokinbai ml K^pvffffr fV rj rcXfr^ rm» fiwmipltiv
» » . Kttk roip ^Xoic fiap^oftoit upywdai rmv Itpwtf wnrtp roiv Mpo^ifoi^^
wpoayop^vowi,

*^ Admission of women: Aristid. Eleusin, (Dind. vol. i, p. 415)
««» fV Tolt dpprfTois ^icr/Aacri». Cf. Aristoph. i?j/i. 409-412. (Dem.)

jwrra Ncaip, 135- I Awcriap yap 6 cnx^ior^p Mrravfipar aii^ ipwrnjt . • .
(i3ovX^^ «ai ^t^<ro( avr^r. Of slaves : Theophilus, Frag, Com, Graec,
vol. 3, Meineke, p. 626 :

KaiToi Ti <f>fJtiL Mii rc dpay ^ovktvofiai ;
irpodoifs cnrccMu roi^ (ryain;r6v dttnroTrjv,
Tov Tpo<Putf Tov (Toir^pa, di* tv ttSov v6fiovs
"EWrjvas, tfxaSou ypaixfiar, ffxvrjBrjv $€oU.

Cf. R. 182.

"* State supervision: official management: order of ceremonies.
? Period of Solon and Pisistratus.

Andoc. de Mysi, iii ^ ytxp BovX^ Iku. icaBtitia'Bat S/icXXc koto t6v
Z<$Xa>vo( 96fwv, tf KfXcvfi tJ vtrrtpaia rStv fiv<m7pta>ir tbpav nottiv iv via
*EX(v(rir(^.

Fifth century.

*"* C, I. A, I. I, fragmentary inscription found at Athens relating
to financial and other arrangements before b. c. 450: oi dc IcpoYrocot
rafurvc<7[^a>v &inrtp ttar ap^jcfjv iv ry ['EXnKrm Up^\ . • . tov tifi ry /9a>fif
Ifpca jcac [t6» Up4a] roU Btoiv' xal rov Upia r&Ji ? ^cov] . . • \apffdytiv. lb, B,
1. 4 (rvroyda; cirat roitrt fivorrjiri leoi itur iv6nTjjaw xal rois dieoXovBoia-uf koi
Skkoun Toi£ Tovra^v kol 'ABfjPoioiauf Smuriv, apx^uf dt rov xp6vo¥ r«v <nrovdm¥
Tov Mtrayfim&vos fujvot dno dixoprjpuig kcu roi' BorjipopMva koi tov IIvayo^MAror
M*XP' ^««cdnjff larafUvov. rag di <nrovdar c ii'm cV rjci wrfXccru', orav xpSirraL r^
Up^ Ktu * A.Brfvaioun» tKti cV TJ<n¥ avrSo'Uf ir6k«a'ip, rots di SkdCoai fivarripiounp
r^r (nrovd&p crrai rov VaptjXi&Pos paipos oiri dixofujvias icm rdi^ 'Ay^eorijpittva icm
rov EXa<f)fj^oktMPot pixpi itKonjf Urroftitfov,

^'^ Early fifth-century inscription: A/L Mitth. 1899, p. 253

[*'E^;(0*f V [r^ BovX^^ Jcm t^ d^M^* ©['''/ ^(^x^iPdrrj j cypap/uircvc' irporejXcui

[^€]» rovff Uponowvs *EXtvawi»v : km [ eji' [r^ 'EX]€v<rii{ift> r]5 :

'Epft§ 'Epoywvua I XdpiatP alya : [ icpiov : [lloo'cid]o>i'i [lepc^jir:

'Aprifudt alya : T(X(a-idp<$/ia> : TptTrroXcjfiw oti/ (?) IlXovrwjvi : ti ldic\\<u : Btoiv

TpiTToav ^oapxov cV rj fop'r^^ (the same in more fragmentar}' state in
C. L A, I. 5).

*" Plut. Pericl, 13, during the administration of Pericles, ro iv



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346 GREEK RELIGION

'EAcvo'm rcXfor^pioi^ rfp^ro fu» K6poifio£ oUo^fuiv , , , t6 ^i oinuoy Art row
ovcurrdpou StvoKkrjv 6 XoXapycvp iicopv<f>^fr€,

"• Strab. 395*EX€ucr4r troXic, cV ^ to r^ ^fiixtjrpof iipov rrjt 'EXcvo'inar
KOi 5 fivcrrueof (niKos tw KttTtiTKtvaatP *Iicr(vof o;(Xov Btdrpov dt(a<r^i dvpdfxtvow
. , . UtpixXiovf fntararovrrot T«r tpy^v,

'*• Decree referring to the older temple found at Eleusis : Ath.Milt,

1894, p. 163 Toy 'PiiTow TOP napa rov^Aartiat ytcpvpcixrai \l6oif xP^^t'^''^'^^
EXivaiPoStv Tuv KaOrjprjpiVfau €K Tou vco) rov dp\aiov , , , its &v ra itpa
<P€p<iHTiu at iiptiai d<T((>a\faTa.Ta, j

^^ Dittenb. Sy/l, 13, inscription found at Eleusis (? 420 B.C.) c8o^»

Tjj ^ovXfj Koi Ttu 5i7/ia) . . . andp\ia6ai roiv Biolv rov Kapwov Kara ra irdrpia
Koi TTjv pdvraav Tr)V iy ^fX(f>ci»v *.\6r]paiovi dno rayv iKarov pfhlpvtav Kpt6ci>v firi
IXaTTOv j) tKTta . . . €y\€y(iv di rovt drffxdf)\ovf Kara rovs fijj^ioi/f Kat irapa^i-
dovai Totf 'upoTToiols Tolff *E\iva'iv6d€v *E^tv(riia^€. drTdp)(^tcr3ai di Koi rovs
avfifxa^ovi Kara ravrd, KfXcv<ra> di kul 6 i€po<f)dimjs koi 6 dqdovxos fivtrrrjptois
djTdp\fa6at rovs *E\\rjvas rov Kapirov Kara ra ndrpta koi rrjv pawfiwf rriv ty
Ai\(f>Q)v , . , tTrayyiWtuf dc rijv fiovXrjv <cm rfjaiu akXtjav 7n\t<n rrjcof
*EX\TjviKTj(riv 07701* &v BoKjf airj fivuarop civat, Xi'yoiras iiiv Kara d ABrjvoiOi
dndp^ovrcu #cat oi avppaxoiy tKtiuois df pf} imrdrrovras KtXivovras dt cur-
dpx^vBai iav ^ovXoiuraif Kara ra Trdrpta koi rr)v pavrtiav rrju ry ^fX(f>ci)V : . . .
6vfi¥ 8i rovs UpoTToiovs drro piv rov mXavov KaOon &y EvpoXrrliat f^r^yrjaiavraif
rpirroiav 5c ^6ap\ov XP^^oKtpoiP roiv Stolv (Kartpa dvo rS>v Kpidiav Kai T«r
nvpSiv Koi TO) TptfrroXffVo) Ka\ t» Bt^ Koi rfj dta Kai ry Euj3ouX^, i€p«tov f «i<rry
riXtov Ka\ rj *A$r)pai(f. /3ovv ;(pv<r<i«(po»v. ras di oXXar KpiBas koi irvpcvs airodo-
pivovs rovs Itponoiovs p^ra rrjs ^vXrjs opaSripara oMirt^cW row Btolv , . . «u
tinypa<t>tt» roit aya^7^<rc, ori oiri rov Kaptirov rr^s dsrapxjffi JuftBiBfj koi
'EXX^vttiy rS>» airapxopiwoiv' row hk ravra itoiov<n iroXXo dyaBh thfoi loak «vrap-
rrlav /ecu nokvKofmUiv ovrtwts hv p^ dducittri 'ABqvatovs /iiydc rrip ndXu^ prfii r»
Btd>.

Inscriptions of fourth century and later periods.

"* C. /. A. 2. 442, prayer of the Milesian Bt^poi at the great

mysteries, «<f)* uyte/^ km (rwnipuf, rov drjpov rov *ABfjvcUnv icai irai^p m2
yvpauco^v koi rov rcay MiXrjaiap d^/iov koi naiitav jcal yvwaiKtitP,

*" EpA. Arch, 1883, p. no (the XvfttofTux of Eleusinian officials in
the time of Lycurgus, b. c. 329-328) A, 1. i \6yos iiFKrrar&v *tXtvinp6$€P
KOI raptMv roiv Btoip , , , r6 irtpiov napa rapiaiv rouf Btoiv koi irapa rapu^ rocv
Btoiv. ... L 4 <nrop^o(^6pois <V( vijiroiip tls p,v<rrT}pia ra. p^ydXa : ... 1. 4 1
^(ryi^oiis EvpoXirid^p fir C'vyrf pvarrjpiois . . . tirurrdrats €ls Bvaiav pv<rnjptois»
Id, B, 1. 46 iitapx^l ij^c) ^fujrpt Kcu Kdprf koi nXovra»M p. (Cf. 1. 4 ^^
^apou rov nXovr»i^( jcac rhv ff<ap6p roiv Bfipoiv,) 1, 46 «irt<rrara4C *iri Arjpma



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REFERENCES FOR CHAPTER II 347.

tU 6unfv<na 3virai . . . irXipBoi €19 t6 *EXcvo'tviov ro cV "Aarti . . . 0^ rj
KOfitdj air* 'AycXdoTov Hirpas^ ^* 7^ fiwfO'it dvoiv r»v dijfuxTMAy.

* 1. 49 x^'iP^ ^^ KoBfjpai r6 Icp^y ro 'EXfVO'tM . . . mu r^r ouetav r^y
ifpay oS rf Uptia oIk€i,

^ 1. 30 [dir6 tS>v fiurBafidrciv : it iyltrBtdatv 6 fiaaiXiVf Koi ot irdptdpoi Koi ol
iirtaTdrat oi *EXfv[(rivo^ci^ koi ol iwintXrjTaX rwi^j fivcmjpic^v (cf. 1. 33).

'*' C/. ^.4. 323^ firtidfi ol ftrc/ifXijrac twv nvtTTTjpiav ol xf-porovfjOivrtf
t6p (vtavrov rov cVi IloXvcvierov t1p\ovTos rdi r* BvcrLai f6v<rav , » . rfj t€
^TIIiffTpt Koi Trj Koprj Koi ToU oKXots B(o2i oU irdrpiov ^v, xmtp rt ri/ff BouXfjr
Koi roil drffiov r&v 'AStjvatoiv koi Traiiciv koi yvvaixw kqI tov ffatriX^tas Amydvov.
Cf.6i4^

"* C. /. A. 4. 104ft (b. c. 352-1), see BuiL Corr, HdL 1889, p. 443,

fKfaOat Toy drjpov itxa uvdpas . . . rot*; d( alptBivra^ Bixd^tiv cV r^ *£Xcv(r(vta>
r^ cV aoTTfi TTfpi riy op<av rtov np<pia^rjTovp*UQiv rrji Upas opydhos . . . naptivai
dc rov ^QfTtkia koi rbv Upo(t>dvTr)p koi tov dadoOxov . . . xac Ei'fU>Xn'idaf koi tcov
SKkoiP t€>v *A3T)vai«au t6v fiovkoptvov. Cf- Bekker, Anecd, p. 287 opyds' ra
iipa xapia xoXdrai ra d<Pifp<DfjJva rois ^(Oi?.

^** £/>Ji. Arch, 1887, p. 176, inscription from Eleusis (third

century B. C.) tio^tv rj Bov\j koi roi Aij/tu* tiTtidrj oi (Vt/xcXrjrac rStv /avotd-
pi<av . . . rtiff rt Bvaias tdvcav^ ocat xo^^kov avrois iv rw ffiavry, rij t€
^prjrpi KOi Ttj Kdpjj koi rots aWois Btois oU ndrpiov ^v^ xntip rj)( BovX^f kqX
rov Arjpov Koi iraiiav koi yv¥<wcS)V' tOvtrav dc Jcai ra vpoBvpora, Ka\ ro (tvyos
iFQp((TKev€UTav *K Tcoi' tdiav ftr rrjv Kopitriv ruv Itpav . . . iirfp^XrjOrja'av di koi
rrjs SKadt iXdatus icdi rtjs *EXcv(r(Vi *Iao«;(ov vvodo)(rjs* oxravrox di xol rav
np6£ "Aypav pv<mjpi<av ytvofuvcav dU iv r^ ivuxvr^ bia rh frwrtkttcrBai rk
'EXcvcTiwa' dir€(rT€i\aM ti /col h ra *EXcv(r(vta Bvpa ravpop, Cf. C, I, A,
2. 315 ^o*f itpolt ols tBvop [oi iirifuXrircu. rmv fivon/ptW] «(f>' vyuiif, kcu
(r^trrjpia rrjs ffovXrjs jccu rov d^/iov k€u rCtv aXXfl>y oo^ot f io'If tUpovs ical <f>iKo\ rov
drifiov (early third century b. c).

"•ft Buii. Corr, Hell. 1900, p. 96 (second century b.c.) c^o^ rotr
* Afi<PiKrvo<riV tntidri ytyopivat kcX (rvyecXcx^ rtxptr&p avvodov nap* *A^imocr
avpfii^rjKf TTpoTOPf !»p 6 drjfios 6.7rdvr»p r&p iv d»Bp^ois dyaB&p dpxjjyos
KoraaraBiU, iy fuv rov Bripivtiovs filov prrrfyaytp rovs dvBpwrrovs fir rnupdrrjfra
ffapaiTios d* tytvriBri rrjs irp6i oXX^Xovr Koumpiaf, fficoyoyttv r^v rS>p pvarrjpioiP
frapddo<riVf koX dia rovra>v napayyttkas roit Straciv on. ptyi^rov dyoBdp iartp
cV dpBpmrois ^ irphs iavrovs XP^^'^^ ^* '^' ircortr, cri dc r&v doBtvrciv xmb r&p
BtSup irtp\ r&v dpBpmTTdP vdfiav koI ri)p tratdcias* 6fioi(a? d« «eai tt); rov Kaprrov
irapaddiTias tdtg /icv fbi(aro r6 hStpov Koivfjp dc r^v f( ^avrwv ivxp^o^^op roU
^EXXi/o-iv drrcdttXfv. . . .

*•• C /. A, 2. 467. Ditt. ^//. 347 (inscription b.c. 100) M

yirfitiov apxovros . , . cdofev r^ ^^M^ • • * ivtidrf ol t<f>T]^oi , , . fitrk, rov



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348 GREEK REUGION

KOCTfATfTOV KOI TOV ltp4»S TOV ^fjfiOV Kok T&V XopiTttV KOt T&P i(rfyrfTS>» €ir6ftW€V»

adv re rj ^Aprifudi rj 'Ayporip^ cV Str\ot£ inoui<ravro W Koi t^» vnairdmfmp
Tois Upols iv otrXocp xat irpoiittfiy^v avrd^ luu top "Iok^op oKravro>r, ^parro d«
Ml rotp fivcrrjploit rov^ fiovs rV 'EXfvain r^ Bvait^ ica\ avrol ifiavSvrrfffOP iw
ra TTfpc^oXo) rou crpov.

^•^ C, /. A. 3. 5. Dill. Syli. 387 (? period of Marcus Aurelius)
rrftd^ oi x€pi tS>¥ fivoTTjplup vopoi irpocraTTovat rw ycwt Ta>» EvpoXm^mp
iniptktiaBai ottak av aci rrapampcpBtlrj ra Upa tvKdiTftas *E\€va'iv6d(P cir ciorv
*cai €*{ a(7rfa>f *E\€vaiuad€ . , , dffdo;(^ai t^ d^f(6)| rrpoardfai r^ KO<rprjrj riip
i(firi^(a¥ Kara ra apxcila vopipa aynv *E\ewTiuaB€ rovs iiprj^ovi rj Tplrrj ftri
htKa TOV BoT)dpofiiu)UOi . . . iva rj rcrpddc cVc d«i(a iraponiii'^ti^iv ra Upa fiixP^
TOV EXtva-tiviov tov vno tq nAct . . . *n§i5ff xai 6 (f>aidvprfis tocv ^oii'
dyyt'XXft /cara ra ndrpia rj t^pct^ Tjjr *A6Tjpnt a>r 7*c«4 to Ifpa Ktu ff irapairffji-
TTOva-a oTpand. Kara ra avra di rfj ivdrji tir\ iitea rov Borjbpopwvos Trpofrrd^t
Tw Koaprjrfi riav itpij^au ayfiy rovs €<pfifiov{ naXiy *EX(vcrctvaAc ptra rov avrov
<Txr)pxiT0i iraparripiTOvrai ra lipd, . . . ytviaBai 5« rrjp ypaprfp ravTrjp <f>av§pap
<cat rrj (^ Aptiov irdyov jSovX^ teal rfj /SovXJ rap (f) xai r^ i€po<t>dprrj «ii r^
ytvti ruiv EvpoXfTidCiV,

*" C, I. A. 3. 267, inscripiion on seat in the theatre of Dionysos,

*E(rjyrjrov 4( Eiinarpidav ;(fipoTOin7rov (? Eleusinian, vldc HervieS 20, p. 12,

Diltenberger) ; cf. ih, 241 UMQoxpi\<rrov ^E^rjyrjrov. Id. 720 (at Eleusis)
* AnoWutviov ^E(rjyriTfjv €*{ Evfio\md<ov. Eph. Arch, 1 895, p. 107 TiiBtpios
KXaviios . . . i€p€W UvBiov *Ajr<JXX«w>ff, firjyrjrijs <f Evpo\mBci)», Bull, Corr,

Hell, 1882, p. 436 (inscription from Eleusis later than Marcus Aurelius)

f f TyijT^j fiV<mjpiciP,

**• Eph, Arch. 1883, P* 78 AevKiOP Mififuop (trl fi^fJt^ OopiKtop riir aw6
^tovx<up , . . pvrja-apra Bthv AoviciopOvrjpop . . . ical Avroxparopa MpKOP Avp^Xiov

'Ajtrtavipopi vide R. 175, Cf. inscription, Bull Corr, Hell, 1895, p. 1 19:

«eai a'o<f>ijj kktivop icat atfipap (ftdrropa pvktvp

A170VS leat Kovprjg 6yp6p 6pag vpdvoKop
^ff . • .

Ka\ Ttkrras mtptfpt . . •
AuaopUhiP T€ tfiinja-tp dyakkvrop *Apr»npop,
Eph, Arch, ib, p. 109, inscription, 1. 24 (b.c. 329-8) rAr ^pUw oIkop
at Eleusis.

*•• C. I. A. 2. 597 (inscription fourth century b. c.) tn^idri EitBv^tipoi

6 wdptdpos rov /3a(nXfo»r Kak&s teat ipiXoTifjmg pm rov ytvovs r&p KrjpvKmp
iittptkfiBri TUP ntpi ra fAv<rrrjpia, Id. 4, p. 4 pvtU dt tipot rois i^ai KrjpvKmp
Koi EvpoXntdaifP , . . row pvaras rovs 'EXcvcrm pvovfupov^ h rfj alikfj^ row W
f V ofcrrc t pvovptpovt tp r« 'fiXfiMTti^to), fifth century B. C.

Ditienb. 4>7/.' 651 i^Eph, Arch. 1890, p. 83), decree of the Eumol-



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REFERENCES FOR CHAPTER II 349

pidai found at Eleusis, cirftd^ TXi;ir<$X<^M>f rh roO nXovr»Mif Up^9 MiXo>(
iK!60pjf<rtv, inoipivai avroar . . . W/iciy dc avrf «al fupida ry fivtmipimv r«y
firydXtip Kcu rSw wp6g "Aypap ooi^ftirrp Ev/AoXirtdttv inurrc^, EpK Arch*
1895, p. 1 13, inscription from Eleusis, time of the Antonines, in honour

of citizen . . . L 1 7 ltpo(f>ayrovyra , . , kcu top avroKptiropa fAVTi(rapTO£ (sii)
Aovtuop AifprfXiov Ovrjpov, dU iiri r^ €Tti ayay6irra fMvarripia Koi tovto Kara to
6*iiit6v^ MOt irpo<nihp\f(T<una EvfUtKirldriv avvayayoirra circi (?) koI cVtXcyovra

' ttxofAiv ' (? do the last words contain some special reference to the
emperor's initiation).

"' Bu/I, Com Hell. 1895, p. 113 II(^ Tiwrioxn }>lapa6apiov BvyaTrjp
TTfy (avTTJs TT}$riVf *Upo<l>d»Tiu v^oartpai . . . tcllp $fai» tvo't^tiat tPtica (first

century a.d.). Cf. £ph. Arch. 1883, p. 126 ; y, 11 4-5 (inscription from

Eleusis, B.C. 329—8) <« Twv Brjtravpiav tS»v 'EXtvalvi toIv BioiP' in tov rijp
irptaffvTtpas , , , €k tov ttjs vfoyr/pas.

'•^ Bull, Corr. Hell. 1895, p. 113, inscription from Eleusis, cVl
Up€ias ♦Xaovuif (first century a. d.).

'•• £ph. Arch, 1894, p. 176, inscription found at Eleusis (late
imperial period) mentioning Eleusinian (and other) sacred officials,

Aa(Pv7j<f>6pot • . . 'UpoipdpTTff . . . *l€po^dvTt,bft hvo, [0] a^* iirrias , , .
"E(rjyrjTris and 'E(rjyTjTai Tptls , , . 'UpoKripv( . . . *laKxayoyf6s. 6 ciri ff^n^,
Uvp<f>6pog . ♦ofdi/vnjf . Uapayrjf, (Cf. Hesych. S. V, Uapoitis leg. Ooi'ayftff'
*KBriv(iai» Up€iai,) Vide JSph. Arch. 1900* p. 79 Up^ui] ^rjiirjTpot Koi

Koprjs' Uopoyrit . . . (second century a.d.). Cf. R. 182, 208.

'»*» Eph, Arch. 1883, p. 146 oCmfia KoXXtOTo . , . is yipas aSavar^p
iTrdfttff ayxJiOvpot Af;ovr Koi Kovpfis d(udrj<f>6poVf ovdc fie vvxrcr (?) Ari'(T0PT
rftkiov KdKktop \afin6fitp(u.

b £ph. Arch. 1885, p. 150:

Tlvpo(f>6p(ni AfifujTpos vmipoxop *ltp6<f>apTiv



'H Tt KoX 'AKTwytvoy 6fiov Kofipoi^ ficunXrjas
*ApXOfUvfJ Tt\tT&» tfTTH^t fivvTitrSKovu

*•* C. /. ^. 3. 919 €ppri<f>opfiiratrap TJ ^pjirpi koI l^pff*

*•* Id. 393 6 d<l> ioTias livrjdtU mur. Cf. 406, 443-445*

^^ Andoc. vtpa fivar, no KOtffydpfftnp d« futv kcu mp^ tjjs Utrtipiag^ ms

KoraBtiffP €ya cV r^ *EX«v(riM^, p6fios d^ tuj irarpiof, tg &r ^ UtTifpiaw

fAvtrrrfplois, TtBvdvai.

^•* The 2ffovdo<^o/»o4 : Aeschin. FcUs. Legal. § 133 role <nFop^o(ft6pois
Tolg Tas ftvarrjpt^tdas <nropdat cV<ryyffXXov<rc fiopoi tw 'EXXi/Map ^a»Jtece ovk
cWrccroirro. Cf. R. 175'



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350



GREEK RELIGION



"• The *Eiri/i€Xi7Toi : Arist. Ath. Polit, 57 6 W paaiXtw wpSnw /lip
fivtmfpwv rfri/AcXffiroi fitra rw tirifuXffTWf otf 6 drjfiot f;(f cpoTtiMi, dvo fUp i(
*A^wita>r &trdvT»p, €va d* EvfiokmdStw era ^ KrjpvK^p, Lysias, itar, *\pdoK, 4
^ . • . *ApdoitldTjf . . . Xa;(i7 pa(nX€vtf akko n fj vitip fipMV Koi Bwruurti mi
tvxas ct/frroi Kara ra irarpuiy ra fiiv if r» ii^bt '£Xct;<rcv(ft>, ra ti cv r^
*EXfv<7tvi i«p^, tat r^r ioprrjs tnifuXfiatrai fivtmjpiois,

*^ The *I«potrotot : Pollux, 8. 107 iiKa Svrts ieponoioV iBvov Bwrias rat
irtprarrrfpldatf r^r *ts A^Xoy, ttip ip Bpavpapi^ ttjp r^v 'HpojcXciuv, riip

•EX€w<riVo3f. Lycurgean inscription referred to supra, R. 182, mentions

ot i€p<moto\ 01 *K Bovkrjs.

^* The *EirjyrfTai : vide R. 180, 182, 186, 188, 193. L}'sias, «aT.

'AvdoK. § 10 roir aypd<f>ocp \p6ixois] KaB* ovr Eu^ioXircdai ((rjyovprat. Andoc.
iTfpi tS}P Mvcrr. I16 £ KoXXta, naPTtap ap$p<an<ap apoaiarari^ irplarop fiiP
i^rjyfif K,TjpvK<i>p wv, ov)( oaiop (roi €(rjy€la$at,

«<^» 'Iepo<^ain^p : ^;rM. Pfl/. Append, 246 :

or rfXcra; aptipaiPf mX opyta rrdppv\a ftvoroif
Eiffiokirov, frpo^^ftfv ifitp6t(raap otra,

Eph, Arch, 1883, p. 81 (rXaOKoc):

opyia fraccv €(f>€UPt ^poT<H£ (jtataifi^pora ^ijovs

(ivaffrcff, dcKaro) d* i^^f irpos dBapdrovs*
9 leoX^y ffV fuucdpap pvcrripioPf ov /xovoy cirac

TOP Bdvarop BprjToU ov xomiiry aXX* aya^uw.

^ Hesych. ^. v. itpo<f>dpTTis* fiuaraycayoSf l«p€vt 6 ra fivarripta btuarvotp.

^ Luc. Ac(c0ay. 10 «prvyxdp» ^tov^^ t* ical UpoffiaPTji xot rotr aXXoip
dppTjToirotois AtiPiop trvpovctp Syirjp cVl r^y ''PX^*'* eyKkrjfta iwdyoprttf Srt
u>p6fui((p avTovSf Koi ravra td €(da»c on i( oSmp WTi»6ri<mp dpwnffioi rt tlai
Koi oifKtri opofUioroX a>t dp Upcipvfioi tfirf yrytptjfiipoi,

^ Philostr. Vi^a ApolL 4. 18 6 dj i(po4>mmjs ovk ifiovXtro iraptx*"^ ^
Upd,

« Amob. Adv, Gent. 5. 25 Eumolpus, a quo gens ecfluit Eumolpi-
darum et ducitur clanim illud apud Cecropios nomen et qui postea
floruerunt Caduceatores, hierophantae atque praecones. Tac. Hist,
4. 83 Ptolemaeus . . . Timotheum Atheniensem e gente Eumolpidanim,
quern ut antistitem caerimoniarum Eleusine exdverat, quaenam iUa
superstitio, quod numen, interrogat

' Plut. Alctb, 22 (in the indictment of Alcibiades) fxoKro oroXi^r

dutPTT^p l€po<pdprrif ^X'^^ dtiawt ret Upd . . . rovf dc oXXovc eroipovr fivtrmt
TTpocayop^vopra Koi ardirra^ irapa ra pdfAifm koi to KoBttrnfitoTa viro rt EvfioX-
TTcdtfv KOi KrjpvKtap icai riap Itptmp rmp i( 'EXcvccvoc.



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REFERENCES FOR CHAPTER II 351

' Max. Tyr. Diss, 12. 6 ^mjpdaapro avr^ K^pwag Km EvfioXirtdoi.

^ Paus. 2. 14, I, at Keleai near PWtus, tJ ^itsirpt di cMovroO rtrdp-

rov r^r rcXn^v itm ov Kara crop ayown, itpo<t>ajmf£ dc ovx cc r^i' /Stoi^ ird»rra
oirodffdfuerai, Kara d^ iKdtmfp rcXcr^v aXXorc forur ofXXoc <r(^t(rcv alpcror,
Xa/A3ava»V) 171' ^^^Ut kqI yvyolxa. leac ravra ^r dta^opa t&¥ 'EXrvo'm vofu-
fova*!, ro di cr avr:7y r^v rcXn^p *K*iutav tart filfujait,

i Stobae. voL 4, p. 73 (Meineke), quoting from luncus ircpJ yiypwr,

^rror «<r3it»v rj m»»v 6 nptfrfixrrqf i^pobialmv rt antxofitpog woirfpcl
Upo<f>dtmfjt,

^ Schol. Arist. Ran, 372 rouroco'ty dnavd&' iraph rriv rov Irpo<^rrov /cat
d^tdovxov fTpopprfa-iv rffv cV rJ iroueiXi; orocL



Online LibraryLewis Richard FarnellThe cults of the Greek states → online text (page 35 of 40)