Lewis Richard Farnell.

The cults of the Greek states online

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ol rkt *Aicpi^ ?x<*^^' ^^(ra r^r B90V ravnjt Utkowopprjo'UHt Upd forty.
A/h. Mitth, 2. 329.

*• Arcadia.

* Akakesion : vide Demeter, R. 119^

^ On the Alpheios : Dio Chrys. Or. i, pp. 60-61 R.

e On Mount Azanion : cf. R. 52. Lact. Plac. ad Stat Theh. 4. 292
In illo monte Azanio ut lupiter ita etiam Mater Deorum colitur ritu
Idaeo.

^ At Asea : Pans. 8. 44, 3 vp&s re roO *AX^4ov r^ tnrti ^f ^ Mifrp^
Bt&p i<rr\p ovK lx«iy Bpo^nm icol Xwprn ^ XiBov vfwouiijJpou Ct Hesych.
S. V. At6pTtiot ir6potr 6 'AX^a^r. loa^iSrt M raSt mfyaU avrov X«SiT«tr ti^MXa
c^dpvrcu.

* At Megalopolis : Paus. 8. 30, 4 <l<m bk tp d<f$ nv *AirSKkttpot
Srfdkpa ov /uya tAxfTpot ^wv, rov miov d< ori p^ ol idopti a^^ vnSKovmp
ovdtP. irp6 di rov paov rrjt 'bArfrp6f oydpi^r flip ovdcir ian.

t On Mount Lykaion : Call ff. in Jen. 10 :

cV dc ov Uappaaiff 'P«ii; rticffv, 27X* paAiora
licrircy Spor Bdfipoun wtptaKtirtt' Mtp 6 x^P^^

Upos, ovdt Tl <pip K9XpriP*POP ElktlBvtffS
9pirrr6p ovdc yvpff intfiiayrrai, dKkd i 'Tiujt
^yvytop miXcovo'c Xe^Mibv 'Airtdoi^fr.



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384 CREEK REUGION

s At Methydrion on Mount Thaumasion : Pans. 8. 36, 3 tan ^

np6t rj Kopvtf^S Tov ipovt OTnjkauHf rrjt 'Pcaf, Koi is aM on lUf yvMi^ luimus
Upais TTJs 0€ov^ difOpmnmw yf ovdf vl tvtkStUf Ibri riw ikktuf,

^ Olympia : Pans. 5. ao, 9 mi^ hi luyiBn luyav m\ ipyaviq, Ampiop
Mijrp^y Ktu is ifU KakovatP iri^ rd Spofia ourw dunrvoforrff r6 apx^i'
KtiTcu hi ovK ayakfta iv airr^ 6fu9 yiffrp6t^ fiatriki^p hi iarriKamP awhpu
'Ptafiaittp, tan hi ivr6s Trjs^AXrfit t6 Mtfrp^ap. PaUS. 5* I4> 9 i^^^t^o

Mrjrphs B*u9 : cf. 5. 8, I (Idaean Dactyli and Kouretes). Cf. Schol.
Pind. OL 5* 10 *0\viimaai ^9»fioi tlauf i$ hihvfUH^ rots hithtiea dro«T amJhpv^
fxivoi . . . cieroff Yip6¥ov jcul 'Pear, 6f <^ffauf *Hp6h*^pat. ? Statue of Korybas
in city of £lis: Paus. 6. 25, 5.

" Messenia : Paus. 4. 3 1 , 6 o^ ftakurra aftov nouiaaaBai ffjffffui^^ ayaXfia

MrjTpht $€^p^ \iBov Uaplov, Aafio(f>i»vTos hi tlpyow, § 9 (near the temple of

Eileithyia) Kovp^rwy fiiyapop Ma ^ua ra nopra 6iioUjf Ka$a.yi(ovaip,

*• Achaea. Dyme : Paus. 7. 1 7, 9 [Avfuiiois] , . . tjn . . . i€p6p <r<^i

^ifhvpfpnj fujrpX Koi *Att|7 nfnoujfxivop, Patrai : 7» 20, 3 ipxopMv^ hi is rrfp
icaro) iroXtv "iilrjrpis Atvhvpfivris iarip Up6p^ ip hi airr^ pal "Amjs ?xci nfids.
rovTOV flip hfj ayaXpa ovhip atro(f>aipovai' t6 hi rtjs Mrjrp6s \iBov irtiroLfrau

^ Ithaka: vide Hera, R. 77 (worship of Rhea, sixth century).

^ » Keos : Bull. Corr. Hell, dedication of late period . . . Up^vs Btmp

MrjTpl dpiBijKtp,

*i Delos: ti. 1882, p. 500, n. 22 (inscription third century b.c.)

'Kpo^aprni Mrirpl Oti»p, Cf. n. 25 tArjrpt MMyakg rj woptup KparoCajf.

* Paros: Al^ Mitth. 1901, p. 160 (second century b.c) ofk nW,
& ^pvyifjf pa6p ircpueaXXfa atpp^ Pilaris ip hanihf. . . . Cf. p. 1 62.

•• Chios: Bull. Corr. HelL 1879, p. 324 KoXXco^'ifTf 'Ao-kXi^ytu^ov
T^ arpvm\p ml rht KoBihpag Mtfrpi (second CentUry B. c).

•* Thera : C. I. G. 2465 A (add.) o5po» yas B^mp turpi' . . . Bvaia
*Apxivov' rf trti rf nparlar^ Buaopn fiovp Koi trvpAp iy ftthliipou ml KpiBop

hf hvo pthlfump Kol o&ov fttrpijrdp (? private sacrifice. from land dedicated
to her, Roman period).

*^ Samothrace: ArcA, Anz. 1893, p. 130 (Kern): no proved con-
nexion with the mjrsteries 2 Diod. Sic. 3. 55 ravrifp hi [f^ow] . . .
KoBupwTM [ror *hpa(<ipaf\ rj irpotiptfpipji 6t^ [r^ VLijirpi ritp tffMv] KoX'fimfiovs
IhpvaaaBai koi &valas ptyakaaptnus imrtKiaai. Head, Hist. JVum. p. 226,
coins, circ 300, * Cybele seated on throne, beneath which lion.*

^ Lesbos : two reliefs representing Cybele with lions and tympa-
num, Conze, Lesbos, p« 10. Cf. inscription from Eresos, Class, Rev.



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GEOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 385

1902, p. 290 tlartixriff W /mjW TaXXoftc, lufii ywaucMt yuKKdiJiv <V ry

" Kos: Paton and Hicks, Liscr. 38 (fourth century b.c.) t§ avr?

<i/ic/)f 'P/^ oi( Kvtvva Ktii Upa* . . . ravr^u wk ano(f)opd* Bvti IcLpfvt koi Upit

^P*X«*' TV*? Xa^i3rfi^i ««>/*<». -4rr^. ^/c 1S91, p. 176, 44, relief in
.. nna of Cybele wiih tympanon and lion in lap from Kos.
='• Crete : vide Zeus, R. 3.

* Nikand. AUxiph, 217 :

r\ art Mpvo(f>6pot (uKopos liiafuarpia *?fiijt
ftMcidi \ao<f>6po^r^¥ tvixplfiirrovo'a KfXtvBois
tuucpov twififioaa ykwrtrrj OpooPf oi di rptovatv
*ldairii ptyrjX6p or cttratwcnv likaypop,

Schol. id. tipiidi ami rov tpvarff rov fitjv6v . . . rorc yap ra pvarripia atn/v

ttnrtXovo'ip.

^ KnOSSOS: Diod. Sic. 5. 66 rrjv Kiwa-ias \<apai onovTTtp m Ka\ vvv

dtiKwrxn Btpi\ia 'Peas olK6irt6a koI mmaplrr^v aK<m,

c Phaistos: inscripdon of Hellenistic period, published i)//<x^^//tf/jtf/w
iii, p. 736 by Halbht rr, vide Aih, MiitJu 1893, p. 272, and 1894, p. 290 :

Bavpa jUy opBpwwoii irdvroiv Mdrrjp iridUyvTi'
roir 6a Wis Kivxpfjri kqi ot yovfav vTrf^omai,
Tolff ^i irap€a-^aiPOv<ri Bi^v yivoi avria irpurti.'
ff-uyrcr 5* cv<rf^c€r tc km, tCyXctSoi irupiff dyiot.
tvBtop ft yiiyaXas Marphe paop^ Mta K fpyu
yvwjifff aBupoTOff a(ia r^lit vaw.

<l Schol. Clem. Alex. Pro/r, 2, p. 22, Pott (vol. 4, p. 103, Klotz)
[*Eiri/iCMdi;ff] Itptvs Aior «ai 'Ptas.

* Diod. Sic. 4. 80 [ol Kara njp ZurcX/av Kprjrtt] . . . KoratrKtxfdaaprts
Up6w r&p MrjripttP duKl)6p»s irlfk^p riis Btas, • . . ravrag dc a<l>idpvBtjvai <Paaip
in r^f Kpr/rrff diit ro km wapa rolg Kpri&i ripafrBai ras Bw ravrat dioKJitpoPTtas'
pyBokoyovai d* avrag t6 vakai^p Bpv^i r6p ^ia . . . fipaxy yap iFp6 rjfi^p
€ixop al Btfu fiovs pip Upiis rpurxiXuv. Cf. Plut Marcell, 20.

f Feast of ra 'VKdpuL in Crete, Dionys. Areop. Ep, 8.

* Cyprus: Ohne(2ilsch'RichttT, Die atUik. ITui/uss/d/fen an/ Kypros,
p. II. 5 (vide Drexler in Roscher's Lextkon 2, p. 2898).

*• Byzandum: Hesych. Miles. Frag. Miiller, F. H. G. 4, p. 149

'Pfor pip Kara rop rfjs fiaaikuajs Xryoptpop rimop Pt^p rt kou ayaiXpa KoBtdpC-
aaro [6 Bi^arl, ori km Tv^cuop roU wokirais rrriuriro, Cf. Zosim. iVlw.
Bis/, 2. 31 (vide Amelung in Riftn. Mitth. 1899, p. 8) statue of Cybele
with lions brought by Constantine from the neighbourhood of Kyzikos
and altered by him into a type of Cybele with outstretched hands,
praying for his city.

rAKNRLI. Ill (; Q



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386 GREEK RELIGION

Asia Minor (maritime and anterior districts).

** Pontes: vide vol. 5, Dionysos, R. 63 <" (Corybantic dances),

'- Bithynia.

» Heracleia Pontikc : Ait. Pcn'pL 13 aro hi 'HpaxXfiar fVl /»€v n

^' Xikaia, vide Apollo : Gioi^r. R,-^. s. v. niihynia (ihia>os of A(»oii.
;\n(l Cybele).

•^ Nikomcdeia : Plin. /:/'. 10. .58 in angulo (fori) aedes vetustissima
^fatris ^lagnae. \

*•* Phrygia, vide Kamsay ; HdLJourn. 5, pjj. J45-24O, tomb with
very archaic relief of Cybele and two lions erect on each side, placing
their paws above her shoulders, inscription * Matar Kubile,' ? circ. 700
B. c. Cf. vol. 5, Dionysos, 35=', 62 1' »". Sirab. p. 469 oi 5« Btpticvtrrts

fPpvyoiu Ti <pv\ov Kai iittXws oi <Ppvy€S Koi roiv Tpoiotv oi ntpl rrjv "itrjv kqtoi-
KoivT€S 'Ptav plv kq\ avroX Tipoari <nl opyia(ov(Ti ravTTj^ p.rj7€pa KaXovvrts Binu
KOI "Aydiartv Kai ^Ppvylav StovyitydXtjv^aKo 5c ratu roncav *ldaia¥ Koi ^ivhvpjivrfi'
Koi ^irrvXrjuriv Koi Utao'ivovinida kcu Kv^iXrjv [koX Hv^rj^rjv .

"** Dion. Hal. Afi/. Rom. I. 61 'Ifialoff 6 ^aptdvov . . . <V rois opiviy
d vxtv 'Idairi an (Ktiuov Xcycrat' (vBa yirjrpi dtcav itpou iBpv(rafUvos opyia koi
TfXfrat Kar€(7Ti]0'aro, & Koi «V t6o€ \p6vov biap.ivovo'iv iv jraarj ^pvyia.

*^ Schol. Nik. Ahxiph. 8 o\ 5c ^tpi-ycr Kara to tap Bptpovaiv avrov "Arrrfu .

*" Diod. Sic. 3. 59 BioTTtp roii *Ppvyas 5«a rou XP*'*^*' ri(fiavuryi€vov tov
iTuparot (L^aXou KaTa(TK(vd<rai tov p,(ipaKiov 77p6s <o BprjvovvTas raU ouulais
Tifiats TOV nddovs ((iXdvKiaBai ttjv tov TrapapofjLi]6(VTOs fiijviv* oirtp fifXP'' '"'"'
KaO* fjpas (Blov TTOiovvras avTOVi CiarcXctv.

*" Arr. TacJ, 33 to irivBo^ to dficfu Ta 1\Tri; tu *?d>fiu irtpBtlrai, xou to
\ovTp6v 6* rj 'Pea d(p* ov tov irtyBovs Xijyci, <bpvyi(av vop^ Xovrcu. (Cf. Aug.
de Civ, Dei 2. 4, impure ritual at Rome connected with the lavaiio
Cybelae.)

^' For mysteries of Attis vide Demeter, R. 219, and Aphrodite,
io8l*.

*• Hippol. Ref, Haeres, 5, p. 118 (Miller) "Am, o-c Kakown» . . . oi
"Ppvytt aXXorc fiiv UdnaVf rrori t« vtKvv ^ Btov $ rov aKapnop^ fj ainSKotr fj
)(\o€p6v trrdxyv dprjBitrra rj w rroXvicapiros criicrcv dpvydaXos dptpa <TvpiKTd»,

^ Macr. SaL i. 21, 7 ritu eorum (Phrygum) caiabasi finita simula-
tioneque luctus peracta celebraiur laetitiae exordium a. d. octavum
Kalendas Aprilis. quern diem Hilaria appellant. Cf. Eus. Praep. Ev,

I. 28 lot <Poit>ucfS KXavBpoM Koi eXcor kui oIktov ^XavTrffxaTi yijs dnidirri

KtlBitpOVV.

^* Plat. Ettihyd, 277 D iroiilTOV hi TavTov Cr.tp oi Iv tJ TtktTii twit Kopi/-



Digitized by V^OOQIC



GEOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 337

^oitnwy Stow r^v 3p6ima'ar mum irrpl rovrw ^ a» fuWwn rfXciVi «ac yap
tKu )(op§ia m cWt xal ntudtd,

'^' Paus. 10. 32. 3 ^pvyts 04 ffiri irorafi^ n«y«taXa, ra dc av^tw t( *ApKa-
^uiff xof X(av«»y is tovttjv d<f)uc6fupoi rfjv x^^^f ^tKVvovcriy aprpw icakovptvop

tvvotf irtpi<f)fpit rt koi v^ovr cj^or €virp97r&t' Mrirpos dc cWiy icpoy cai
iya\fia Mtjrpos Trttroifjrai.

•"*' Phot. J. 1'. Kv.37.S0ff* 6 KOT^xoptvoi TJj prirpi tS)v 6(<ov . . . Kv^rj^oV
Kpartpos Qparrats' rov BfiXpopijrop' "liavti df rov prjTpayvpTrjp koi ynXXov vvv
KoXovptPOP' ovT(as 2ip»vidrjs, Hesych. S. V, Ki'3Aa* opt) ^pvyias. koi
tivrpa Koi BtiXapoi,

^ Kyzikos.

'* Xlk. Afexiph. 7 y^x} ^* 'P'»'/f \ .\o$pivr}s BaXapcu T( koi opyaarriptov
"Arrfo). Schol. z^. Ao/3p/i^ff BaXdpai' tottoi itpoi imoyitot dvaKtiptvm rfj 'Ptq,

OTTOV €KTfpv6niVOl Ta prj^iO KOTtrlBfVTO 01 TW " \TT€t KCLi. TTJ *Pitf. \aTp(VOVT€S,

fia\ di ra Xofipiva opfj ^pvyias ij rorros Kvftieoi;* 6i'o yap optj ttau* €» Kufiieo),
Sip^vpov Ka\ Ao^pivov,

'* Apoll. Rhod. I. iog2 :

Aco'ov(d7, XP^^^ ^* ^' 'V^** fiirapioPTa

Aivdv/iou oKpiotPTOT ivBpopop iKaiaxrBai

prjripa ffv.u7ravTo»v avtpnp' XjJ^vcti d* acXXai

f.iXp7«f.



fV -yap T^ff ap^fioi tc ^dXao'a'u re i^idd^t tc ;(da>v
7ra<ra irtnilprjrai pt<t>6tv & eSor OvXvfiTroio.

I 1 1 7 f (r»cc ^' Ti (rri^apou arviros apniKnv ^prpo<f>nv v\rj
Trpoxpv ytpap^pvop' to pip ttcrapop o<f>pa ircXoiro
Baipovos ovpfiris ifpop fiptras

1 1 23 ^npop d* ad x*P^^^ irap€vriPtop' dpXJH ti (f)vWoK

artyfrdptvoi ipvufoici Bvrpnikujs ipikoPTO
yirjripa ^u/hvplr^p iroKvirdTptap oyieoXcorrfff*
ipparrip ^pvyirjt, Ttritjp ff apa KvXX^vdy T€
oi povpoi froXtoiy poiptiytrai rjbi irdptdpoi
Mrjripot ^Idaitji KticKriaTaif wro'Oi taaiv
^KTvkot *Idaioi KpTToufr.



1 134 apvdif bi MOi *Op<f>i}OS dp9»yj

CKaipoPTtt prfTapp»p ipoTrXiop wpxfl^(^VTo

Koi craxfa ^(^cWo'd^ eircxrvTroy.
(Cf. Schol. 1. 1 1 26 Tovf 'Idaiovs icaXovpfwwr AuktvXovs jrpwroiT (^^o-li^ ctircu
vapiipovt TTJs l/lfjrpuf rS>p BtSip dKoKovBuiP Mci'dirdpft) Xcyoi^ri rove MiX^crtovr.
orap Bvcatri rrj 'P/cr, irpofrBvfiP ^? wpoBvftP TcWer jcal KuXXiji^.



Digitized by V^OOQIC



388 GREEK RELIGION

« Herod. 4. 76 irpoatcrxci «V Ki;{(ieor ['Amx^'P^*^! *■* '^P* W ^ M'fp**
rSiv BfSnf apoyovrat rovt Kv{ucrj»ovt iprn\9 Kapra luyakintptnimt tcrk,

^ Paus. 8. 46, 4 KuftioyrcH re apoyKotrwrrtt froXc/M* TlpoKovrri<riovt ynttrBni

nyakfia t<m )(pv(rov Koi avTov to irpoircamow arr\ f\t<PavTot 7inrup n>p trtr
pu<ap oSo'iTff u(t\v flpyaaptvoi.

* Strab. 575 vrtpKilrm 8c uXXo Alpovfiow /loi^iVr. i€/>ui» fYor r^t .^ii^v-
firji^i Mi;rpoc ^ewr, topvfia ruv \\pyovavTu)P.

• C. /. (?. 3668 'l<jTrjpldTji rdXXoff ftfa^fvos M»;Tpi Ko . . . (fir*-*. centUF)'

B.C.). Cr. worship of Adrastcia a: Kyzikos. Artemis, R. 13'J.
'^•' At Plakia. near Kvzikos : C. /- G. ,^6^1 (inscription ^ arly Roman

period, found at Kyzikus) m (Tvv7€\nifTat roii KoTpovt Trana rrj Mrjrpl rrj
ll\aKV]vfi KOii UpoTToio'i al 7TpoaayOf}€v6fitvnt $a\u<T<Ttai koi ai (Tvvoiaeu, ptr
airitv Ifpnai K\(i6iKr]v \\aK\rj7TidBov ifp<i>fi€vrjv yirjrpot tijs €V ItKaKia Ka\

7rpoifpu>pivr)u *ApTffxt6oi Movvvxin^ (petition, allowed bv Brjfior, to erect
a statue in the agora of Kyzikos with this inscription). Ci'. Aih.Mitth.
1882, p. 155 (inscription found at Kyzikos, permission given by the
hr\poi to dedicate portrait of same priestess) eV ry Up^ t^t Miyrpir t^

IlXaKtnir^f rV ra> UapBtvoltvt . . . iipotptvrjv Mi/rpof ItkaKtaprft Ktu Koprjs koi

yirjTpot Koi A/)T€fiiooy Moun/xtaff. Head, His/. Xum, p. 465, head of
Cybcle turreted on bronze coins of Plakia, circ. 300 b.c; reverse, lion
on car of corn.

'* Near Lampsakos : Strab. p. 589 oc d* euro TtaaapoKovra oroBiW
Xafi^lfaKov b€iKvv€wri Xncfwv, i<p* J Miyrpof Btw Upop fartp ayiop Tfjptirjt
firiKaXovpdOP.

^' Pessinus: vide Aphrodite, R. 119 »'.

** Strab. 567 Utaaivovt d* tortp €fjLn6piop tS^p ravrrj fUyurrop, Itpov f^oir
T^ff yiriTpoi tQ>p BtSiP af^aafAOv fityoKov ruyxiJ^POP, koXoCo'i 6* avrfip'AyiurrtP,
ol d* uptU To irciKaMP p.h f^vpaarai rivit ^aap^ UpwrvPijp Kaprnvputpoi firydkffp,
yuvl df TovTotp flip ai rtpm ttoXv fUful»PTaif t6 dc ffar6ptop irvfifupti' corf*
aKfvaorai J* iir6 rSip ATToXirwr ^<rik€»p Uporrpar^^ to riptpos ki^ tc kcli
aroait \9vK0\lB0if tnt<l>apis d* iiniri<rap 'P^tpalui to Up6pf a^lbpvpa utra^
ntfiyltdfifpoi KOTO rovs rrjt 2ifivK\rjt xp^t^^^fy KaBairtp itai rov *Kfntkrjino%t roO
cV *E)rcdav/)^. ?<rri bk koi Spos vntpKtlfAtPOP rijt irdXft»( to ^ip^vpop^ d<fi>* ov
Tl ^ipdvpffptj^ KaBantp afro tup Rvi3cXo»ir ff KvffiXrj,

^ Cf. Herod, i. So cf ovpto^ IpoZ M^rpoc ^ipbvprfptft,

^ PlUt. A/ariM 17 TTfpt TOVTOir TTOir TOI^ XP^^^ OX^tTO KOI BoTTajajf fV

nco-acpoOvTor o r^f /xcyoX^f Mi;rp6f («pf ur airayy€XX«*» a»( 7 Btht *V twi' awa-
rrnpuy i<f>Biy^ttTo nvT^ puctjp koi KpaTOs iroXf/iov 'Pt^fuuott vwapx^Uf'



Digitized by V^OOQIC



GEOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 389

^ Anth, Pal, 5. 51 :

M^Tc/j ffi^, yai7 ^pxryiav, SptTrrupa \iovT<ap,

^ip^vfiop S fiCorais ovk andnjrou opof.
<ro4 Tdd€ BrjXvs "AXcfcr irjs otarprjfiaTn XiVtnjf

•? Amob. ac^z\ Geni, 3, § 7 fluorc dc :>anguinis (Attidis) viola floi^
nabcii ur et redimiiur ex hac arbos : unde natum et ortum est nunc
etiam I'acras velarier ei coronarier pinos. . . . tunc arborem pinum sub
qua Ati;s nomine spoliaverat se viri. in antrum suum defert (Mater
Deum) et sociatis planctibus cum Agdesti tundit et sauciat pectus. . . .
lupiter rogaius ab Agdesti ut Attis revivesceret non sinit : quod tamen
fieri per faium posset, sine ilia difficultatc condonat, ne corpus eius
putrescat, crescant et comae semper, digitonim ut minimissimus vivat
et perpeiuo bolus agitetur e moiu. Quibus contenium beneficiis
Agdestim consccrasse corpus in IVssinunte, caerimoniis annuis et
sacerdotiorum antistitibus honorasse. Id, 5. 6-7 unde vino, quod
silentium prodidit, in eius nefas esse sanctum sese inferrc polluiis. 5.
f 6 quid cnim sibi \nilt ilia pinus, quam semper statutis diebus in deum
matris intromittitis sanctuario ? . . . quid lanarum vellera, quibus arboris
conligatis et circumvolvitis stipitem ? . . . quid pectoribus adplodentes
palmas passis cum crinibus Galli ? . . . quid temperatus ab alimonio
panis, cui rei dedistis nomen castus ? Nonne illius temporis imitatio
est quo se numen ab Cereris fruge violentia maeroris abstinuit ? . . .
evirati isti mollesque ... cur more lugentium caedant cum pectoribus
lacertos ... cur ad ultimum pinus ipsa paullo ante in dumis inertissi-
mum nutans lignum mox ut aliquod praesens atque augustissimum
numen deum matris constituatur in sedibus? (For his authorities
vide ch. 5 ad init, apud Timotheum non ignobilem theologorum
unum. . . .) Id, 7, § 49 adlatum ex Phrygia nihil quidem aliud scri-
bitur missum rege ab Attalo, nisi lapis quidem non magnus. ferri
manu hominis sine ulla impressione qui posset, colons furvi atque atri.
angellis prominentibus inaequalis. § .50 quis hominum credet terra
sumptum lapidem . . . deum fuisse matrem? Jul. Or, 5. 168 C cSrrai

rov jSaercXcttr ''ArrcdOff ax BprjvGVfitvai rttos (pxryai teal Kpvyfrttt Koi dipapiafioi ttai
ai dvcrrcff al Kara t6 avrpop, TtKpfjpta dc fdrw /ioi rovrov 6 xpovo^ fv cp yivf
rati TtfiPtaSat yap <f)aai to Up6v ^vdpo9 Kaff ^v ffp^pav 6 rjXios tin ro axpov
TTJs ItnjfifpiPrjs d'^ttos ZpxtTai' tlS i^rjt irtpia-aX.mo'fios napakafi^avtrai' rff
rpiTTf Ttfivtrai to Upop Koi dndpprjrop Bipot rov Btov TuKKov* im rovroiy 'iXapia,
fpoffly MLi iopraL

^ Herodian. I. 11 roCro de [to ayaXfial ndkai piv f( Ovpapov KaT€vt)(Brj'
vat \dyot «?( riva ttjs ^pvytat X^P^^i Tlnraivovs bi ovopa avr^.



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390 GREEK RELIGION

P Polyb. 2 2. 20 Trap* airrw tow irarapJop [Sayya/xoyi arparoKi^a'tifuim
irapayiyvorrai TdKXoi irapa "Amdor «i4 BarraKov, ritw eV n*<rcriwn/i'ror Up€»p

T^t yirjTpos rSip Of tap. Cf. inscription, ? first century b. c. A /A. Milth,
'897, p. 38 from Pessinus, "Amf Upti^, Vide Korte, ib, p. 16, priest
called by the name of the god at Pessinus and Rome.

^ Ov. Fast, 4. 363 :

Inter, ait, viridem Cybelen altasque Celaenas

Amnis it insana, nomine Gallus. aqua.
Qui bibit inde, furit.

(Cf. Serv. Aen, 10. 220 Galli per furorem molu capitis comani rotantes
futura praenuntiabant.)
Ov. Fast, 4. 367 :

Non pudet licrbosum. dixi. posuisse more turn

In Dominae mensis ? An sua causa iuoest?

Lacte mero veteres u:>i memorantur, ct herbis

Sponte sua si quas terra ferebat, ait.
Candidus elisac miscetur caseus herbae,
Cognoscat priscos ut dea prisca cibos.

' Paus. I. 4, 5 nctrtvouira vtto tu opot . . . tt}V " AyBtorriv tvBa koi top
"Arrrjp rcOacpdai Xtyovai,

^« Firm. Matern. De error . c. 22 nocte quadam simulacrum in lectica
supinum poniiur et per numeros digesiis fletibus plangiiur : deinde cum
se ficta lamentatione satiaverint, lumen inferiur : tunc a sacerdote
omnium qui flebant fauces unguentur. quibus pcrunctis sacerdos lento
murmure susurrat

BappuT€ fivcrrm tov Btov (rtaaxrpfvov'
iorai yap rjp.Lv eK ttovcou (ranjpia.
^ Sallustius, De Diis et JMundo. c. 4 (Orelli, p. 16) koprrjp ayoptp . . .
npiyrop piv cV jcarij^ec^ taptp cirov re . . . ant^opiBa . . . tlra bip^pov Topnt
fcai prfartin . . . <ri rovrois yaXuKTos Tpotprj, &<nrfp opaytppvpipup* ^' ols
i\ap«iai Koi ore^avoi «cai irpos tovs Btovt omp irrdpodos . . . 7rfp\ yap to tap «it
rrip larjptplap dparat ra Bpatptpa.

■'■• Eumeneia : C, I. G. 3886 6 bijpos iT(ipij(rav . . . Mvipop ^ApUrraPos
TOP afr6 irpoy6p<ap \apiraBap)(rja'dpT(op Acor ^wr^pos Kai *Ait6Wo»pos koi 'Aprf-

piBos Koi ^AaKkrpriov Ka\ yiqTpos BiSiP 'Ay^ioTcwf (early Roman period).

^ Ikonion, cult of Agdistis, the Mjjriyp tS>p B*S>p and the Mfjrrjp
BoTjBfjPTi : vide Apollo, Gcogr, Reg, s. z\ Phrygia.

*** Hierapolis : Strab. 630 oi 5* otroiecwrot FdAXoi naplatn \t6 nXovrciwovi
ditnBtU,

*^ Lydia : vide vol. 5, Dionysos, R. 63c (cult of Hippa or Hipta).



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GEOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 391

• Paus. 7. 17, 10 fiiTwajirfv eV \v6iaw ^\\TTrjs, r« * EpurjiridiKUCTOg \6y<f,
Koi Avioit opyia cVcXct yirjTpotf cV rtxravTo rJKtiw vap ainois TifiUjf mf Aia
"Arrrj iftmarjomrra vv im ra tpya tnnrffiyfrai tup AvdStv* *EvravBa oXXoi rt tu>p
Avdttv Koi aifTus "Xrrrjs antBavtu vtto tov iui, Kai ri iirofxtvov ToiVoic FnXn-

'\p dpSxriP oi Ilta<nvoviT(t i\ovT€t. vo)u ni\ njTTUfjLiuot,

* Luc. </«' Did Syr, I^^Arrr/k- fi« ycVuf fiiv \v6us i}v. TTputTOi dc ra opytu
Ta €4 'Pirjv tdidii(aTo. Ka\ ra «l»/ii'-)rf <n) .\v^ni Km Za^BpnKis frrtrf X«oi mis
* \rr«<u mivT tpadnv.

•• I.nc'.m. 'rroi^'-iivpihidi^. ;^o:

nva Aufdvfiov l\v,dr]^i]S
*l*pvytt ivBiov 6\o\vyt)u
unaka TiXovtrtv "Arrrj^
Koi rrpot ptXos KtpaiXov
^pvyiov KOT opta TpaXov
ndpjov ^oSiiTi Avdot.
rrftpanXriytK 6* ap(fn poitrpuix
Kt\aho\!<ri Kp^rcf pvBp<o
vopkov Kopv^avTft ivnv.

'I Aft//j. Pal, 6. 234 :

PiiXXoff 6 xjniTu*ii, 6 vtTjTopoi, 6 jrpo TvpuXov

\vdif-i op^ijaras paicp* 6\o\v(6ix€P09,
rn izapu 2ayyapi<a rddt ftatipi rx'pitaua ravra

Bf]Karo Ka\ pMrrnv tup i:o\vaaTpaya\ov,

(CT. Luc. op. cit. Ill:

TiaiP Bi TtXtTQis 6pyui(€i TrpoairoXovi ;
ovx olpa Xd3poir itpoxiopAP uiroropMii aiddpov,
ov Tpi)(bs a(t>iTov \vyi{tTat <rrpo<l>cuauf avxV^*
oidi ndkvKpoTois dtrrpaydXois irtirXfjyt i/A>ra.)

^ On Mount Sipylon : Paus. 5. 1 3, 7 ncXoiror dc eV larvk^ pip Bpopot

fV Kopv<PiJ TOV Spovs €<rrip xmip rrfl nXaar^vfjff Mi/rp^p ro ltp6p, Cf. Aih*

Math, 1887, p. 253, dedication, Roman period, Mijrpl ^€»*r llXain^iT;.
** At Magnesia on Sipylon: Paus. 3. 22, 4 Mayviyo-i y« ol raitp^^ Boppap

ptpopTcu TOV 2i7Tv\ov, TovToif tm KoBtufov TTtrpq. i>lrjrp6t tori 6§StP apxaioTorop

AiFopTQtp aya\pa. Vide Apollo, R. 87, in the formula of oath of alliance
between Magnesia and Smyrna, ^ M^n/p 4 ^invXrjpfj.

•^ Sardis : Herod. 5. 102 koi lupiit tiip tP€7rprfir3rjaap, tp ^ avrJ/o-i Koi.
tpop (mxupltjs Btov Ki^i\i3rjs. Plut. Them, 31 wc d' rjkQip tis 2npbfii
.GffitorroicX^f] tlBi 6i cV 'Slrjrpos if pa Trjp Kokovpivrjp vBpo(^pop K6prjv yoXk^v.



Digitized by V^OOQIC



392 GREEK RELIGION

•* Thyatcira : C. /. G. 3508 17 irorplr. . . . MapffcXXoy . . . Upnaw hta

Mysia.

"^ Pergamon : Frankel, /fiscr. zoft Pcrjramon 4.^1 tV/»«crt Tjf Miyrpo
Tf}s 4uai\tius, Cf. 334 ^viTTTji M»/T/7of /SncriXijuv. (^\ /. Cr. 6S33 ^
relief with Cybcle and two lionb) Mfjrfpa d€u>w Utpyaf^rjwiiv SiKq<p6po^. t..

li^iatf rrpucrrariv. Strab. 6I9 r«i 5* * Atrizopdrivitv opot ro mpi n/pyci^oi/, rpnYi
<fat XvTTpov ov. *A(rjropf7i'(»i' ^cti/ Xf'yfii' ^«ifrt . miI to ifpoi* rn (iraida rrji Miyrpr'n

"' At Andeira : Sirab. 614 uru di rots \\uCtipoii 'npuv ^ort ytrjrpU 6tu)v
* Xvdtiiyrjvrii ayiov Koi avrpov vrrovofiov ^(\/>i IlaXcuaf. tlclL Journ. I902,

p. 191, inscription from Kyzikos, private dedication ^«p 'hvlupil^i, Cf.
relief in Louvre, with buat of Cybele, lurreicd and holding pomegranate,
dedicated \\vdnprjvrj . . . $f(o ayvf] tv^rjv.

" Kyme : Cybele on reliefs of sixth century p.. c, Bit/i. Corr. Hell.
10. 492.

'^^ Temnos: Ramsay, HelLJmtnu 2, p. 291, w:>rship of the Mater
Sipylene illustrated by its later coins.

■*' Myrina (?) : siaiuciie in Berlin of Cybele throned and holding
key (as goddess of the undenvorld) with lions at side of throne and on
her lap, Arch. Anz^-ik:. 1892, p. 100.

Ionia: vide vol. 5, Dionysos. R. 03<.

•^ Smyrna: Apollo, R. 87. C L 6\ 3193, inscription in Oxford,
early Roman period [iVp«ta Miyrp or ^civ iMn/XijK^c. 3387 (fine for viola-
tion of tombs to be paid) Mi;rpt ^€«v ScTrvXiyv^ ipxriytTi^di fifia>p apyvpiov
Stjvdpiaf. Cf. 3385-6, 3401, 341 1. Bri/. Jlfus. Ca/,y Ionia, PI. 2.-.
ro, Cybele with oak-crown on coins of Smyrna.

^ Erythrai : Strab. 643, a Kwfiff called Kw3€X«ia. Dittenb. 6y//(7^f 2.
600, 1. 106, priesthood of the Kopudoinp mentioned (third century b. c).

'* Above Tralles in the \'alley of the Cayster: Strab. p. 440 t6 i^v

*laodp6fujt MrjTpot Up6v.

'* Near Teos : inscription found, Miyrpl ^cwv larvptivala tmiKoa, Arch,
Eptgr. Mitth, Oesterr, 1883, p. 180, 37.

Caria.

PTelmessos: vide Apollo, R. 202 (goat-sacrifice by thiasos to
d^biv yirfTvjp, ordered by Apollo).

"^ Ephesos : inscription in British Museum, private dedication Miyrpl
*pvyty; : Gree/: iusrript, Brit, Mus, Pi. -». sec. 2, p. 20;^ Strab.



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GEOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 393

p. 640 (on the mountain above Ephesos, tS»v KovpfjTcuf dp^t'iov avvayti

avfiimtna Koi rtvas fivoriKOi Ovcias cVirrXcc in the worship of LetO-

Artemis).

'• Magnesia on Maeander: Strab. p. 647 ivravSa d' fjv Km r6 rijv

Aty^Vfxrjvrjs Upov firjTpot $(<av' itpdaacrOai d' airov r^y Gf/xt(rro«cX«ovr yvuaUa,
oi Jr 6vyaT€pa TrapadiSoaai' vvu b* ovk cart to Upov 8ia ro Tt)V ttoXiu #<y itXXor
titTt^iaOai Toirop. (So also Plut. Tht'fU. 30.)

"' Lycia : vide vol. 2, Coin Plate B. 29. ? Cybole or Asiatic Aneinis
issuing from tree on coin of Myra.

^' Lykaonia. Laodicea : Aih. Mtiih, 1888, p. 237 .M/;T^i ZiCtpn^^]
fifX^*^ 'AXc^avdpoff (= y^rjTpi AivSu/z^in/, Ramsay, id.).

Black Sea.

•^ Olbia: Laiyschew, I/iscr. Poni. Eiix, i. p. 138, no. 107.

•^ Pantikapaion : C. /. G, add. 2017'' {iaoCK^vovrQ^ naipunihav roi
^rrapraKOv 'Eariala yirjvod^pov Bvydrrjp lfpu)fi€vrj du€$r}Kt yirjrpX ^pvytq (fourth

century b.c). Ci the ^aaiavrf $€6s, R, 19^.

For worship of Ma (identified with Rhea, Enyo. Artemis) in Lvdia.
Cappadocia, Cilicia, Byzantium vide Artemis, R. 182.



KARNriX. Ill



Dd



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