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L.H. Everts & Co.

History of the Connecticut Valley in Massachusetts, with illustrations and biographical sketches of some of its prominent men and pioneers (Volume 2) online

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-OF-



THE CONNECTICUT VALLEY



IN MASSACHUSETTS,



t_^=sWITH^=5_i



|(llnstraliou^ auri |(|iogra|iliical ^Itetdie^






SOME OF ITS PROMINENT MEN AND PIONEERS.



\/ VOL. II.



PHI LA DRLPH 1 A:
LOTJIS HI. EVEI?.TS.



1879.




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PRESS OF J. B. LIPPINCOTT & CO., PHILADELPHIA.



CONTENTS OF VOLUME IT



HISTORY OF FRANKLIN AND HAMPDEN COUNTIES.



FRANKLIN COUNTY.



HISTOEY OF FKANKLIN
COUNTY.

CHAPTER PAGE

I, — Civil Organization, Courts, C^iuntj' Com-
missioners, County Biiildings, etc 5G5

n.— Civil List 668

III.— Franklin District Medical Societj- 669



Town Histories.

Greenfield 577

Deerfleld 592

Montague 622

Orange 633

Shelburne 644

Northfleld 656

New Salem _ 665

Conway 672

Sunderland 680

Bernardston 687

Buckland 698

Hawley 704

Charlemont.- 708

Whately 721

Leverett 733

Ashfield 737

Coleraine 746

Leyden 754

Sliutesbnry 757

Gill 764

Erving 768

Rowe 771

War«nck 776

Wendell 782

Heath 786

Monroe 792



BIOGKAPHICAL SKETCHES.

PAGE

Peleg Adams 691

Eev. John F. Moors 591

Geo. W.Jones between 600, 601

Charles Jones facing 601

Charles Hager " 608

Zeri Smith between 608, 609

Josiah Fogg " 608, 609

Elisha Wells facing 612

Hiram Boot " 613

Charles E. Wilbams " 614

Mra. Esther H. Dickinson " 615

James Childs " 618

George A. Williams " 619

Hon. Cephas Clapp 621

Hon. George Sheldon 622

Richard N. Oakman 631

E. N. Oakman, Jr 632

Joseph F. Bartlett between 632, 633

George E. Marshall 633

James H. Waite between 638, 639

Rodney Hunt 641

Hon. Andrew J. Clark 641

John W. Wheeler 642

Hiram Orcutt 643

Levi Kilburn 643

Charles M. Duncan, M.D facing 644

Stephen Fellows " 645

Oscar Bardwell " 646

Col. David Wells " 647

Nathan O. Newhall " 648

Daniel K. Bardwell " 649

Solomon Smead 651

Ebenezer Nims 652

Joseph W. Gardner 653

Or^amus 0. Bardwell 654

Elijah E. Belding facing 661

Charles Chandler " 666

Horace Hunt " 667



PAGE

Beriah W. Fay facing 668

Rev. Alpheus Harding " 669

EdwinCooley " 672

Charles B. Merritt between 672, 673

Carlos Batchelder ' " 672,673

Chelsea Cook facing 673

Richard M. Tucker _.. "■ 674

Charles Parsons, Jr " 675

Franklin Pease " 676

J.ibez C. Newhall " 677

Clark W. Bardwell 679

Richard Tucker 679

Daniel D. WHiitmore facing 680

N.Austin Smith " 681

Albert Montague " 683

Luther 0. Chittenden " 684

Dr. Nathaniel G. Trow " 685

Nahum S. Cutler " 690

Imla K. Brown " 691

Hon. Ebenezer S. Hulbert 695

Col. Aretas Ferry 695

- Hon. John H. Sanderson 696

Hon. Henry W^ Cushman 697

Josiah Trow, M.D facing 702

Roger H. Leavitt ". 708

John A. Winslow " 709

Orlando B. Potter " 712

Samuel Potter " 713

Phinehas Field, Jr 720

Deacon John W'hite facing 727

Hon. Josiah Allis 732

Dennis Dickinson 733

William A. Hatch facing 735

Calvin W. Shattuck " 751

Oliver Chapin .". " 754

Samuel F.Dudley 763

Lorenzo P. Munn facing 764

Leonard Barton " 766

Ezekiel L. Bascom " 767



ILIjT7STK.j^TI01SrS-



The Connecticut Valley, looking south from

the " Poet's Seat" (frontispiece). ...facing title.

GREENFIELD.

PAGE

The Mansion-House facing 677

Portrait of Eev. John F. Moors (steel).. " 588

" PelegAdams 591

DEERFIELD.

Fac-similc of Indian Deed 593

Record of Meeting held Nov. 7, 1673 596

Residence of Henry W. Wood facing 60O

" and Portrait of G. W. Jones..bet. 600, 601

Portrait of Charles Jones facing 601

Old Indian Hou.se and Door 605

Fac-simile of John Sheldon's Letter, 1705 606

Residence and Portrait of Chas. Hager..facing 608
" " " Zeri Smith...bet. 608, 609

" of H. C. Haskell " 608,609

" and Portrait of Josiah Fogg.. " 008, 609

" of McClallcu Brothers facing 009

Portrait of Elisha Wells " 612

" HiramRoot. " 613



PAGE

Portrait and Res. of Chas. E. Williams.faciQg 614

" of Esther Dickinson " 615

Deerfield Academy and Dickinson High

School " 615

Portrait of George Sheldon (steel) " 616

" James Childs " 618

" George .\. W^illiams " 619

" Cephas Clapp 621

MONTAGUE.

Montague Paper-Mills facing 626

View of Turner's Falls (double page)..between

626, 627

Russell Cutlery-Works facing 627

Portrait of Richard N. Oakman (steel).. " 631

" R. N. Oaltman, Jr. (steel).... " 632

" Joseph F. Bartlett between 632, 633

" George E. Mal-shall (steel). ..facing 633

ORANGE.

Residence of J. S. Dewing facing 638

" Stephen French " 638



PAGE

Gold Medal Sewing-Machine Works-.between

638, 639

Portrait of James H. Waite between 038, 639

" Levi Kilburn facing 639

Chair-Manufactorj' of L. Kilburn & Co. " 639

Portrait of Rodney Hunt (steel) " 640

" Hon. AndrewJ. Clark (steel). " 641

" John W. Wheeler (steel) " 642

" Hiram Orcutt 643

SHELBURNE.

Portrait of Dr. Charles M. Duncan facing 644

" Stephen Fellows " 645

" Oscar Bardwell " 646

" David Wells " 647

" and Eesii-lence of N.O. Newhall. " 648

" of Daniel E. Bardwell " 649

" Solomon Smead (steel) " 651

" Joseph W. Gardner (steel)... " 653

" Ebenezer Nims 653

" Orsamus 0. Bardwell 6.54

NORTHFIELD.

Portrait of Elijah E. Belding facing 661



CONTENTS OF VOLUME II.



iHiijTJSTi^^Tionsrs.



NEW SALEM.

PAGE

I'l.rtrait of Charles I'liaudlev facing 666

" Homce Hunt " 667

" Beriah W. Fay " 668

" Rev, .\lpheus Harding '* 669

New Salem Academy 670

fONWAY.

Portrait of Edwin Cooley facing 072

" Charles B. Merritt between 672, 673

Carlos Batchelder " 672, 673

" Chelsea Cook fating 673

" Richard M. Tucker " 074

Residence and Portrait of Charles Parsons,

Jr facing 675

Residence and Portrait of Franklin Pease,

facing 676
Residence and Portrait of Jabez C. Newhall,

facing 677

Portrait of R. M. Tucker " 678

Views of R. Tucker & Co.'s Mills...between 678,679

Portrait of Richard Tucker (steel) facing 679

" Clark W. Bardwell 679

SUNDERLAND.
Residence and Portrait of D. D. Wliitmore,

facing 680
Residence and Portrait of N. Austin Smith,

facing 681



p.^GF.
Residence and Poitiait of Albert Montagne,

facing 6S3
Residence and Portrait of Luther 0. Chitten-
den facing 684

Portrait of Dr. N. G. Trow " 685

BERNARDSTUN.

Portrait of Nahunl .S. Cutler facing 690

" Imla K, Brown " 691

" Hon. Ebenezer S. Hulbert (steel),

between 694, 695

Col. Aretas Ferry (steel) bet. 694, 695

" Hon. John Sanderson (steel) facing 696
" Hon. Henry W. Cnshman (steel),

facing 697
BUCKLAND.

Portrait of Dr. Josiah Trow facing 702

Residence of G. K. Ward " 703

HAWLEY.

Residence of W. 0. Bassett facing 703

CHARLEMONT.

Portraits of Roger H. Lea\itt ■ facing 708

John A. Winslow " ■ 709

" Orlando B. Porter .... " 712

" Samuel Potter " 713

" Phinehas Field 720



WHATELY.

;1 PJIGE

Re.sidence of Rufus Dickinson facing 726

'■ J. "W. Dickinson '' 726

Portrait of Deacon John White " 727

Residence of E. B. McClellan " 731

Portrait of Hon. Josiah Allis (steel) " 732

" Dennis Dickinson . " " 733

LEVERETT.

Residence of W. B. Stetson facing 734



Portrait of Wm. A. Hatch..



735



COLERAINE.

Portrait of Calvin W. Shattuck facing 751

LEYDEN.
Portrait and Residence of Oliver Chapin.. facing 754

SHUTESBURY.
I Portrait of Samuel F. Dudley 763



GILL,

Portrait of Lorenzo P, Munn facing 764

" Leonard Burton " 766

" Ezekiel L, Bascom *' 767

ERVTNG.

Miller's Falls Co.'s Works facing 768



HAMPDEN COUNTY.



HISTOBY OF HAMPDEN
COUNTS'.

CHAPTER PAGF,

I, — Civil Organization, Courts, C^junty

Buildings, etc 794

II,— Hampden Civil List 800

III, — Benevolent Religious Associations 802

IV,— The Medical Profession 803

Town Histories.

Springfield 814

West Springfield 896

Holyoko 915

Westfleld 938

Chicopee 960

Palmer 984

Brimfield 994

Wilbraham 1005

Monson 1015

Ludlow 1031

Longmeadow 1039

Agawam 1047

Chester 1054

Wales 1065

Blandford 1074

Granville 1082

Southwick 1087

Montgomery 1093

Russell 1096

Holland HOO

Tolland 1106

Hampden 1108

BIOGKAPHICAL SKETCHES.

Dr. James M.Smith 805

Elijah Blake facing 834

James E. Russell " 842

Philip and Pliilo F. Wilcox between 842, 843

Hon. Warner C. Sturtevant facing 843

David and John Ames " 844



PAGE

John Mulligan facing 845

John Goodrich " 846

Horace Jacobs, M.D " 847

Samuel Bowles 860

Dr. J, G. Holland 863

Hon, Henry Morris, LL,D 885

Hon, Chester W. Chapin 886

Hon. James M. Thompson S87

Hon. Willis Phelps 888

James D. Brewer 888

Lewis J. Powers 888

Rev, William Bice, D,D 889

Orrick H, Greenleaf, 890

Daniel B, Wesson 890

Daniel D, Warren 893

George R, Dickinson 891

Alexander Birnie 892

Warren H, Wilkinson 892

Dr Henry A, Collins 892

Daniel Hitchcock 893

Milton A. Clyde 893

John B .Adams 893

Hon, Wells Southworth 894

Hon, Edward Southworth 895

John H, Southworth 895

Cotton Ely facing 906

.\aron Ashley between 906, 907

James P, Ely " 906,907

Homer Ely facing 907

Henry A, Phelon " 913

Norman Day 914

Henian Day 914

Col. Edward Parsons 914

Col. .\aron Bagg 915

Samuel B. Allyn facing 930

Hon. William Wliiting 934

George H. Smith, M.D 935

James H. Newton 935

Moses Newton 935

John C, Newton 936



PAGE

Joseph C, Pai-sous 937

Edward C, Taft 937

Dr. James I, O'Connor 937

John Delaney 938

Hon. Wm. G. Bates 956

Col. David Moseley 958

Milton B. Wliitney 968

Henry J, Bush 959

George D, Tucker, M,D 959

Jerome M'ells 980

Samuel -Mvord, M,D 980

Samuel Blaisdell, Jr 981

Emerson Gaylord 982

Ezekiel Blake 982

George D, Robinson 983

George S, Taylor 983

Seth Bush between 950, 951

Hiram Harrison facing 954

Orange (['hapin between 980, 981

Charles McClallan (deceased) " 980, 981

Alonzo V, Blanchard facing 992

John H, Woolrich " 993

Hon, John M, Merrick " 1011

Charles H, Merrick.,. , 1026

Rufus F. Fay 1028

Joseph L. Reynolds 1029

Dwight W.Ellis 1029

William N. Flynt 1030

Cyrus Bell, M.D facing 1048

Lewis L, Whitman " 1049

L. W. Fisk " 1060

Thaddeus K. De Wolf, M.D ,(./,,(" 1063

Heman S. Lucas, M.D 1064

Watsun E. Boise facing 1076

Thomas and Henry K. Herrick " 1077

John Boyle " 1088

Sardis Gillett " 1089

Roland Parks " 1096

William V. Sessions " 1109

Sumner Sessions " 1108



CONTENTS OF V0LU3IE II.



irjXjTjSTK.^Tionsrs.



PAGE

First (.'(mrt-House, Imilt in 1722 795

Second " " 1821 797

Hanipilen Cuunty (. 'a u it-House, erected in

1S74 798

SPRINGFIELD.

Portrait of Dr. James 31. Smith (etcel).. facing 805

View of Springfield " 814

City Library Building and Court-House " 814

Fac-simile of Indian Deed, 1636 816

OJd Pynchon Mansion 817

Blap of Springfield, 177G 823

Springfield in 1827 facing 824

Maesasoit House (steel) " 825

Hampden Coffee-Houee 825

Residence of Col. J. M. Tliompson facing 826

" Ricliard F. Hawkins " s27

'* J. H. Southworth " 828

Portraits of T. W. Wason, Geo. C. Fisk, H. S.

Hyde (steel) facing 831

The Wason Railway-Car Works (steel).. " 831

Portiait of D. B. Wesson (steel) '• 832

Elijah Blake " 834

Residence of 0. H. Groenleaf. " 835

" the late M. A. Clyde " 836

" George R. Dickinson " 837

Portrait of Rev. Wm. Rice, D.D (steel).. " 838

Residence of John B. Adams " 840

" the late Daniel Hitchcock " 841

Portrait of James E. Russell " 842

Portraits of Philip and Philo F. Wilcox,

between 842, 843
Portrait of Hon, Warner C. Sturte van t.. facing 843

Portrait of David Ames " 844

Portiait of Jolin jMulligan " 845

" John Goodrich " 846

" Horace Jacobs, M.D '• 847

Samuel Bowles (steel) " 860

'* Di-. Josiah G. Holland (steel) " 863

Springfield Union Building 864

Portrait of Hon. HeTiry Morris (steel). ..fiu-ing 885
" Hon. (.'hester W*. Chapin (steel),

facing 886
" Hon. James M. Thompson (steel),

facing 887
" Hon. Willis Phelps (steel)... " 888

James D. Brewer (steel) bet. 888, 889

" Lewis J. Powers " facing S89

" Orrick H. Greenleaf (steel).. " 890

" Daniel D. W'arren (steel) facing 891

" George R. Dickinson (steel) bet. 8iK), 891

" Alexander Birnie " facing 892

" Warren H. Wilkinson " bet. 892, 893

" Heniy A. Collins, M.D. (steel),

bet. 892, 893
" Daniel Hitchcock (steel).... " 892,893

" John B. Adams " .... " 892, 893

" Milton A. Clyde '' facing 893

" Hon. Wells Southworth (steel),

facing 894
" Hon. Edward Snuthwortli (steel),

between 894, 895
" John H. Southworth (steel) facing 805

Residence of AVells Southworth, New Haven,

Conn facing 896



WEST SPRINGFIELD,
Residence of Joseph Merrick



-facing



897

Portrait of Cotton Ely " 906

Portrait of .\aron Ashley between 906, 907

" James P. Ely " 906, 907

'' Homer Ely facing 007

The Fii-st Meeting-Honse 908

Big Elm-Tree 911

Ancient Sehool-Honse 911

Edson Clark Carriage-Manufactory facing 912

Portrait of Henry A. Phelon " 913

" Norman Day 914

" Heman Day 914

" Col. Edw'd Pareons (steel). ..facing 914
Cul. Aaron Bagg (steel) " 915

HOLYOKE.

City Hall Tfacing 916

Windsor Hotel '. 917

Holyoke House 917

Opera-House T. 917

Map of Holyoke in 1827 facing 918

Parsons Paper Company Mills 919

" " Finishing-Mills 919

Valley Paper Ctunpany Mills 919

Minting PaperCompany Mills Nos. 1 and 2... 020

Holyoke Paper Ctmiiwiny Mills 920

Excelsior Paper-Mills 021

Newton Paper Company Mills 922

Albion Pai)er Company 3Iills 922

Wauregan Pai)er-Mills 923

Merrick Thread-Mille 024

Holyoke Machine Company Works facing 924

Residence of R. P. Crafts " 025

Prentif's Wire-Mills 026

Springfield Blanket Company Mills 927

Rewdence of J. F. Allyn facing 928

Portrait and Residence of S. B. Allyn...

Country-Seat of Timothy Merrick

Connecticut River, looking south from Holy-
oke facing

Portrait of Hon. William Whiting (steel),

facing
" George H. Smith, M.D. (steel),

l.tetween 934, 935

" James H. Newton (steel) facing 935

" Moses Newton 936

" John C. Newton (steel) facing 936

" J. I. O'Connor, M.D. (steel)..bet. 936, 937

" Edward C. Taft (steel)..between 936, 937

'• Joseph C. Parsons (steel) fticing 937

" John Delaney (steel) " 938

- WESTFIELD.

Residence of Henry J. Bush facing 940

" the late Col. David 5Ioseley " 942

Normal Hall " 950

State Normal School. " 9.50

Residence of Henry Pease between 950, 951

Portrait and Residence of Seth Bush.. " 950, 951

American Vilnp Co.'s Manufactory facing 951

Crane Brothei-s' Paper-Mills 952

Portrait of Hiram Harrison facing 954

Residence of L. F. Thayer " 955

Portrait of Hon. William G. Bates 056

" Col. David Moseley (steel). ..facinR 958



930
931



931



934



Portrait of Milton B. Whitney (steel)..bet. 958, 959

G. G. Tucker, M.D. (steel)... " 958, 959

" Henry J. Bush (steel) fiicing 059

CHICOPEE.

Resitlence of Emerson Gaylord facing OGO

" JoIiJi Andei-ton " 961

The Gaylord Manufacturing Company.. '* 974

Residence of Samuel Blaisdell, Jr " 975

Portrait of Jerome Wells (steel) " 976

" Robert E. Bemis " " 977

" A. C. Woodwortii (stoel) " 978

" Saml. Alvord, M.D. (eteel)... " 980

" Orange Chapin between 980, 981

" Chas. McClallan, dec'd. " 980, 981

" Saml. Blaisdell, Jr. (steel)... facing 981

" Emei-son Gaylord (eteel) " 982

'* Ezekiel Blake (8teel)...between 982, 983

" George S. Taylor " ... *' 982, 983

" George D. Robinson (steel). ..facing 983

PALMER.

Portrait of Alonzo V. Blanchard facing 992

" John H. Woolrich " 993

Ridge's Patent-Food Factoiy " 993

WILBRAHAM.

Wesleyau Academy and Board! ng-Honse,

facing 1010
Portrait and Res. of John M. Merrick " 1011

MONSON.

Portrait of Charles H. Blenick (steel). .facing 1020

KufusF. Fay (steel) " 1028

J. L. Reynolds (steel) bet. 1028, 1020

Portrait of Dwiglit W. Ellis (steel) facing 1029

" William N. Flynt (steel) " 1030

LONGMEADOW.
Residence of F. T. Cordis facing 1043

AGAWAM.

Portrait and Residence ofDr, Cyrus Bell. .facing 1048

Portrait of Lewis L. Whitman " 1049

Portrait and Residence of L. W. Fisk... '* 1050
Worthy Paper * 'ompany's Mills, Mitteneagne,

facing 1052
Residence of S. R. Johnson, Feeding Hills " 1053

CHESTER.

Hampden Emery Company's AVorke facing 1062

Portrait of Dr. Thaddeus K. De W"olf... '* 1063
" Dr. Heman S. Lucas (steel) " 1064

BLAXDFORD.

Portrait of Watson E. Boise facing 1076

Portraits of Thos. and Henry K. HeiTick " 1077

SOUTHWICK.

Portrait and Residence of John Boyle-.-faciug 1088
Portrait of SardisGillett " 1089

RUSSELL.

Portrait of Ridand Parks facing 1096

HAMPDEN.

Portrait and Res. of Sumner Sessions... .facing 1108
Poiti-ait of William V. Sessions " 1109



HISTORY

OF



FRANKLIN COUNTY, MASSACHUSETTS.*



CHAPTER I.

CIVIL ORGANIZATION — ORGANIC ACT- COURTS
AND BOARDS OF COUNTY COMMISSIONERS —
COUNTY BUILDINGS-TAXATION.

The act erecting the county of Franklin was approved
June 24, 1811, and toolv effect from and after Dec. 2, 1811.

The petitioners for the new county were Joshua Green,
Roger Leavitt, William Taylor, Jonathan McGee, Robert L.
McClellen, William Bull, Hezekiah Newcomb, Stephen Web-
ster, Gilbert Stacey, Solomon Smead, Elijah Alvord (2d),
Epaphras Hoyt, Medad Alexander, Justus Russell, Joseph
Mctcalf, Clark Stone, Asaph White, Somes Root, Samuel
Bardwell, Samuel Rice, Varney Pearce, and Isaac Taylor,
who, according to the statement set forth in the petition, were
inhabitants of Buckland, Charlemont, Heath, Rowe, Cole-
raine, Shelburne, Leyden, Bernardston, Gill, Greenfield,
Deerfield, Northfield, Warwick, Orange, Wendell, ]Mon-
tague. New Salem, and the plantation of Erving's Grant.

The reasons set forth for the division of Hampshire County
were its great size, the distances from the extremes of the old
county to the county-seat, and the consequent expense; the
multiplicity of actions and delaj-s of trials. The petition was
presented to the General Court on the 28th day of January,
1811.

Remonstrances, adopted in town-meetings, against the di-
vision of Hampshire and the organization of Franklin Coun-
ties, were sent in by the towns of Northampton, Conway,
Hawley, Whately, Leverett, Easthampton, Worthington,
Chester, Southampton, Westhampton, Goshen, Williams-
burg, Plainfield, Cummington, and Norwich.

A communication from Westfield, favoring the division of
Hampshire into three counties, was also sent to the Legisla-
ture.

The report of the legislative committee in favor of the di-
vision was made on the 18th of June, 1811, and on the 19th
the Senate and House concurred.

The act establishing the county made Greenfield the country-
seat, but it was not allowed to carry off the honor without a
long and bitter controversy. The most prominent contestants
were the towns of Greenfield and Deerfield. The principal
movers in the contest were Richard E. Newcomb, Elijah Al-
vord, and George Grinnell on the part of Greenfield, and
Epaphras Hoyt, Rufus Saxton, and Pliny Arms on behalf of
Deerfield ; but the entire county was stirred up, and took an
active part in the various movements for one or the other of
the principal towns.

In November, 1811, a mass convention was held in Green-
field for the purpose of taking action to procure a change in
the organic act and have the county-seat removed to Cheap-
side (Deerfield) before any public buildings were erected at

* Prepared by Saml. W. Diirant.



Greenfield. With the exception of two, every town in the
county was represented in that convention, and there was a
great amount of excitement.

The first movement was to draw up and procure signatures
to a petition for the annexation of the northern tier of towns
in Hampshire County to Franklin County, but while the in-
strument was lying on the table awaiting the signatures of
delegates — a very few having signed it — it suddenly and mys-
teriously disappeared, and was never afterward seen or heard
of. But the record of this alleged fraudulent abstraction, to-
gether with all other reasons urged for removal to Cheapside,
were presented to the Legislature.

A summary of the claims of the rival towns is here pre-
sented : For Cheapside, it was claimed that it was the geo-
graphical and traveling centre of the county; that the towns
east of the Connecticut and south of the Deerfield Rivers could
save toll by leaving their horses and carriages at the bridges
and paying toll only as foot-passengers ; that the water at
Cheapside was excellent, while that at Greenfield was unfit
to use; that its proximity to the villages of Deerfield and
Greenfield would always prevent exorbitant demands by
landlords and boarding-houses ; that all kinds of common
labor and material were much cheaper ; that it was in the
midst of excellent pasturage-lands, surrounded by abundant
forests for fuel, and contiguous to the best hay-fields in the
county, from which Greenfield received its principal supply ;
that it was the head of boat-navigation for this part of the
country, and portions of Vermont ; that it was growing in
commercial importance, and was the great outlet for the pro-
duce of the farmer, and the place of deposit from which the
greater part of the importations of the country were received ;
that it was pleasantly situated on the margin of the Deerfield
River, overlooking the adjoining meadows ; that the people
of the south and east portions of the county would be obliged
to pass through it to get to Greenfield; that two responsible
gentlemen stood ready to build two taverns the following
season, and that every desirable accommodation for courts
would soon be furnished, and at a much cheaper rate than in
Greenfield, the price of land being as only one to ten; that
Cheapside subscriptions in cash, land, and materials exceed
those of Greenfield ; that a large majority of the towns, the
people, and the valuation of the county favored the change ;
that it was in the vicinity of a quarry of excellent stone for
building purposes, a running brook, and excellent materials
for the manufacture of brick; that it was nearer Erving's
Gore.t from which most of the necessary lumber must come
for the new buildings ; that wood was sixty-seven cents per
cord and team-work twenty-five per cent, cheaper than at
Greenfield, and board for laborers fifty cents per week cheaper;
and, finally, that a gentleman of undoubted responsibility had
offered, in writing, for nineteen hundred dollars of the Cheap-
side subscription, to build a court-house as large as the one at



t Erected into the town of Erving, .\pril 17, 1838.



5C5



566



HISTORY OF THE CONNECTICUT VALLEY.



NorthaMipton,and n tiro-proof clerk's office, and turn over tlie
remainder of the subscription to help build the jail.

On behalf of Greenlield it was claimed: First, to be the
territorial centre. Second, the traveling centre of the county.
Tliird, that there were few inhabitants at Cheapsidc, — being
onlv seven houses, and five of those very small, and the other
two unsuitable for tlie accommodation of boarders. Fourth,
very desirable accommodations at Greenfield, — twenty well-
built, commodious dwellings, and the most considerable place
of trade in the county. Fifth, that the town had expended
large sums in the construction of roads, bridges, and turn-
pikes for the accommodation of the public ; that Greenfield
had built most of the Deerfield Kiver bridge at Cheapside,
one-half of the Connecticut Kiver bridge at Montague, and
one-eighth of the great turnpike to Leominster, which was
|)rojccted in Greenfield, and cost sixty thousand dollars.

But after all the excitement and the great pressure brought
to bear upon the Legislature, the petitions for the removal
from Greenfield wore rejected, and the place became firmly
fixed as the county-seat ; though the battle between Green-
field and Deerfield was continued in one form or another for
sixty years or more. Repeated attempts have been made to
procure the annexation of that portion of Deerfield lying
north of the Deerfield and east of Green Kiver to the town of
Greenfield ; but, notwithstanding the many and cogent rea-
sons given for the necessitj' of such a step, Cheapside still re-
mains a territorial part of the old town of Deerfield, though



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