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control, and as an instructor in writing he is having the
measure of success that his ability merits. He appreciates
the value of such a publication as The Penman's Art
Journal, and when the clubbing season rolls 'round he can
be depended upon to bring The Journal to the attention of
his pupils.

In the ranks of business educators and penmen are to be
found many expert accountants — men who try to teach their
pupils to do only those things which they can themselves
perform in the most skillful manner. Such a man is Charles
C. Jones, of Dunkirk, N. Y. Mr. Jones was born in Dunkirk
in January, 1878, and has given to the

I — I place of his birth the best of his work.

^■■^ He graduated from the High School

^^^^ in 1895. His commercial education was

ll^''*Jfi secured in Bryant & Stratton's Business

M^J[ School, Buffalo, N. Y. In 1898 he or-

^Jip^^k ganized the commercial department of

^H^^^^^ the Dunkirk High School, and at once
^BI^BBWII placed it on a high plane of efficiency.
In 1901 ill health compelled him to give
up the work and he spent some time in the South, regain-
ing his strength. As soon as he was able to work again, he
resumed his teaching, spending one year as instructor in Pitts-
burg Academy. But the attractions of his home town proved
too strong for him, and in the fall of 1903 he returned to
Dunkirk, where he has since resided. His ability as an expert
accountant is recognized by the business men of his town,
and all his spare time is fully taken up in professional work
of that character, a greater part of which is city auditing.
A year or two ago he uncovered a shortage of nearly two
thousand dollars in one of the city departments, after an out-
side expert had audited the books and pronounced them to be
absolutely correct. Since that time he has found it difficult to
take care of the quantity of work offered to him. Mr. Jones
is a proficient penman and writes a model bookkeeping hand.



It was a good many years after the days of the Hoosier
Schoolmaster that Earl Tharp was born on an Indiana farm.
One of the first of the many early lessons he learned was that
of making the best of his opportunities, and during his child-
hood he proved to be -an industrious pupil in the public schools.
Later on he entered the Tri- State Nor-
mal College for a three years' course
and won honor grades for proficiency
in his work. After teaching for some
time in the public schools of Indiana,
he entered the Marion Normal College
and Business University, Marion, Ind.,
graduating from both the commercial
and shorthand departments. Immedi-
ately after he graduated he accepted a
position as mstructor in that school, and later became prin-
cipal of the shorthand department. Mr. Tharp's ability is
attested by the fact that in a school with more than a thou-
sand pupils and a staff of fifteen instructors, he was the
youngest member of the faculty. To further emphasize the
esteem in which he was held by his fellow workers, he was
elected secretary and treasurer of the Indiana State Com-
mercial Teachers' Association. From the Marion Normal
College Mr. Tharp went to the Wisconsin Business College,
Sheboygan, Wis., and two years ago he became connected with
the Iowa Business College, Des Moines, la., as manager of
its Department of Commerce. He has always proved him-
self to be a painstaking, industrious teacher, and The Journal
is pleased to number him among its firm friends.


Exercises in Pfoofre.\ding, by Adele Millicent Smith.
Printed by the John C. Winston Company, Philadelphia, '
Pa. Price, 60 cents per set.

In these days of rapid multiplication of books and periodi-
cals a knowledge of proofreading is almost a necessity, and
especially is this true in the case of one who expects to follow
one of the learned professions. A better system than that
given us by this author could hardly be hoped for. The ex-
ercises consist of a series of fifteen graded lessons, each one
in three parts, making a total of forty-five sheets in the series.
The drill is thorough, and anyone wishing to become pro-
ficient in the art of proofreading will find all that is necessary
in these exercises.

A dozen Gregg pencils have been received in this office.
They are specially adapted to stenographic work and meet
the demands of the writers of other systems of shorthand
as well as of the adherents of the Gregg.

A man whose cardinal goal in life is to make money will
steal. To such a man stealing is a fine art, upon the pos-
session of which talent he congratulates himself. Getting
more than belongs to him he considers thrift; causing one
man to fail that he may rise he considers self-preservation.
He is not exactly a highwayman — no, he lacks the criminal
chivalry and physical daring of that class of robber. He
prefers to be a genteel scoundrel, and so works the wax of
his egotism into a being whom he esteems to be exempt
from the Ten Commandments and immune from criticism.
He is encouraged in his hallucination by his fellow towns-
men, and as his wealth expands he rises to a loftier plane
in society, in commerce, in politics, and in religion. — The

Superscriptions written in professional style far above the
average have been received from H. W. Ellsworth, New York ;
C. R. Tate, Cincinnati, Ohio; George Thomson, Seattle,
Wash. ; J. W. Lampnian, Omaha, Nebr. ; A. C. Sloan, Toledo,
Ohio, and J. F. Siple, Quincy, 111.

What might be called a "four in one envelope" comes from
that versatile artist and author D. H. Farley, Trenton, N. J.
IMr. Farley has ruled lines in such a manner as to give the
impression that there are three envelopes on the face of the
large envelope. The postmark, postage stamp and return card
appear in full. This is about the most novel superscription
that has come into our office for some time.

J. T. Evans, of Wilkes-Barre, Pa., dashes off a beautiful
signature that very few of our best penmen can equal. Mr.
Evans is an enthusiastic Journal reader, and he never fails to
embrace an opportunity to_ say a good word for the paper
to his many friends.

J. D. Valentine, of Pittsburg, Pa., contributes another
packet of his beautifully written cards to our scrap-book.

L. E. Stacy, Salem, jNIass., has become so well known to
The Journal readers as a strong and vigorous business writer
that the information that he can handle the oblique penholder
and dash off a fine style of professional writing will come as a
surprise. We knew that he was well up in this line, but did
not know that he possessed extraordinary skill until recently,
when we received some specimens from his pen.

H. D. Davis, of St. Louis, Mo., sent us some Old English
lettering that possesses a very high order of merit. Mr. Davis
is a master of the broad pointed pen.

A model business letter from the pen of W. L. Morris, of
Tyler, Texas, finds its way to our scrap-book this month. He
also encloses a set of business capitals that we place among
the very best.

H. K. Williams, of Portland, Ore., apparently has been
devoting a great deal of time to the intricacies of the parallel He recently sent us a signature combining the initials
J. D. W., in which he carries throughout four lines which are
absolutely parallel. ]Mr. Williams is one of the three or four
penmen of this country who can do this with any degree of
success. He makes the pen go where he wishes it.

E. F. Whitmore, of Easton, Pa., is devoting some of his
time to ornamental writing. A large packet of specimens
just sent us show that he is on the right road. Mr. Whitmore
stands among the best as the master of a strong and graceful
business hand, and it might be expected that his professional
writing would rank w-ith the best.

T. W. Osteen, of Asheville, N. C, contributes a number of
specimens, consisting of movement drills, signatures, etc.
Mr. Osteen is a very strong business writer.

Specimens of lettering, flourishing, ornamental and business
writing of a very high merit are received from G. F. Bennett,
Albion, 111. We make the prediction that Mr. Bennett's name
will soon be well known in the profession. He has recently
been a student of H. P. Behrensmeyer, and has the "Behrens-
meyer" swing.

Men expend to be thought rich more frequently than they
expend by reason of being -rich. The rich are usually more
inclined to parsimony than expenditure. Anyway, persons
who practice parsimony are in the way of becoming rich,
whatever may be their present poverty; while persons who
are profuse in expenditures are in the way of becoming poor,
though they may possess a present opulence. — A. B. Johnson.

It is not by gold or by silver, but by labor that all the
vealth of the world was originally purchased. — Adam Smith.




Departmei*t of Business Education, National Educational
Asbury Park, N. J., July 5-6, 1905.

The Department of Business Education held its first session
in the large hall of the Public Library on Wednesday after-
noon, July 5.

The President, W. C. Stevenson, of Decatur, 111., started
business off enthusiastically by reading ,a most ;»dmirable ad-

John Brisben Walker, editor of the Cosmopolitan Maga-
zine, Irvington, N. Y., followed with an extemporaneous talk
on the subject of "The Essentials of a Proper Education for
the Average Business JMan." Mr. Walker did not stir up
matters as much as was anticipated by those who had read his
criticism of the business schools jn a recent number of his
magazine. His talk was along the line of proper training as
viewed by a man with thirty-five years' experience.

Allan Davis, principal of Business High School, Washing-
ton, D. C, followed W'ith a talk on the subject of "The Scien-
tific Work of a Four Year Commercial Course." Among other
things Mr. Davis said :

importance of natural sciences.

"A knowledge of the natural sciences is essential to a good
general education and should be a prescribed part of a commer-
cial course.

"One hour a day throughout the four years, or approxi-
mately one-fifth of the student's time, is perhaps an allotment
which is sufficient for science and which does not encroach
upon the needs of other studies. This would permit element-
ary biology, combined with the study of commercial products,
to be pursued in the first year, followed by chemistry in the
second and physics in the third, with a final year of applica-
tion and review through the study of the scientific phases of
typical business organizations.

"Science should be so taught as to yield its customary
power and training.

"The commercial school, not being limited by college en-
trance requirements or by the necessity of preparing for the
professions, should aim to make the student broadly intelli-
gent along scientific lines.

"General and commercial geography in their scientific as-
pects afford an excellent introduction and aid to the teaching
of science.

"In addition to the ordinary laboratory equipment, an ex-
hibit of products and processes should parallel and illustrate
the work of the classes.

"Election of subjects by pupils should be limited so that a
general rather than a special or partial view of the scientific
field is obtained.

"Science work should be carried on with a clear under-
standing of its relation to other subjects of the commercial
course, and by instructors who are in sympathy with the aims
of the school."

D. W. Springer, director of Commercial Department, High
School, Ann Arbor, Mich., discussed Mr. Davis' paper at

John L. Tildsley, of the Hieh School of Commerce, New
York, spoke on the subject of "The Study of Local Indus-
tries and Trade."

The remarks of Mr. Tildsley follow :

"Because of the size of our cities and the consequent sep-
aration of residence and business sections, the city boy grows
up with little acquaintance with industrial life. The study of
local industry is necessary in the commercial course in order
that the boy may be given that survey of the industrial world.

that understanding of industrial processes which the boy of
the small town absorbs from his earliest years. By this study
is he fitted to his environment and is more apt to make an
intelligent choice of his life work.

"But more important than any knowledge to be acquired
is the training that this course can give. Mere information
is the bane of commercial education.

"The study of local industry and trade develops, as no other
course at present does, those faculties which are so necessary
to a business man. It develops the habit of observing accu-
rately, not biological, but social phenomena ; of grouping the
results of these observations, and it builds up in the boy, from
a very small foundation, the power to reason from the prem-
ises furnished by these observations as to the probable course
of events in the future.

"The embryo business man may thus in the school room
acquire those habits of mental life which he is to carry with
him through his business career. He can gain from this
course not power in general, but the very powers that he wilt
constantly employ.

"Whether he shall do this depends upon the method fol-
lowed. The force-pump method of lectures will not do it.
Occasional talks by experts may inspire interest, a contin-
uous dose of talking by the best authorities, or by the best
teacher, will kill interest, at least that interest whose fruit
is self-activity.

"The boy must be set to making certain definite observa-
tions, must be taught how to ask questions, how to use the
various reports and papers of the business man. He is
learning to handle tools, not text-books. Above all, he
■must, in the recitation, gain the chief product of the course,
reasoning power. Few men reason, the successful business
man must. The student of this subject should, in the in-
terpretation of his facts, develop the power to reason ac-
curately concerning industrial phenomena.

"Stimulated and guided by the questions and suggestions
of an enthusiastic, trained teacher, amid an atmosphere of
free discussion, the boy may feel his flabby mental muscles
tourfien. may emerge from his sponge existence, and in-
crease the now small number of school graduates who can
think on other than conventional lines, who can meet new
problems and solve them as they rise daily in the business

William McAndrew. of the Girls' Technical High SchooU
New York, led in the discussion of the foregoing. paper.
Friday Morning, July 6.

The Department again assembled in Library Hall. T'ne
first paper on the program was entitled "The Value of
Government Publications to Teachers of Commerce in
Secondary Schools and Colleges," by James C. Monoghan,
chief of Division of Consular Reports, Bureau of Statistics,
Department of Commerce and Labor, Washington, D. C.
In the absence of Mr. Monaghan the Department took a
recess, and during this recess his paper was read by Edward
D. Jones.

The second number was divided into two parts as fol-
lows: "The Essential Elements of Study in a University
Course in Commerce": (a) "From the Point of View of the
University of Michigan." Edward D. Jones, Director of
Course in Higher Commercial Education, University of
Michigan. Ann Arbor. Mich.; (b) "From the Point of View
of the University of California." Henry Rand Hatfield, Pro-
fessor of Economics and Commerce, University of Califor-
nia. Berkeley, Cal. Part B was not given on account of the
absence of the essayist. Edward D. Jones spoke in part
as follows:





"The topic raises all the problems of this type of educa-
tion: Account must be taken of the knowledge, mental qual-
ities, habits and ideals which serve a young man best in
industry. The state of scientific development of various
branches of business knowledge, and their value as educa-
tional discipline must be observed. The adjustment of new
branches of university work to the traditions and ideals for
which the university stands in the nation's educational sys-
tem must be considered.

"University courses in commerce consist of general cul-
ture and technical subjects. The problems, which are chiefly
connected with the technical subjects, may, with them, be
divided into three groups. First are the problems of intro-
ductory courses intended to convey general knowledge
of the present economic order. The usual type of introduc-
tory course in economics is so largely composed of general
facts and abstract principles that the beginning student,
igtiorant of the structure and processes of industry to which
these apply, fails to assimilate it thoroughly. Experiment
has been made with commercial geography, a subject thus
far formless and too exclusively descriptive and statistical.
This subject may be improved by the introduction into it of
the discussion of casual relations and the formulation of
the principles of wealth production.

"A sacred group of problems is associated with technical
courses of restricted scope, but applying to many branches
of industry. The most important of these is accounting and
business organizations. Presenting as it does the means
of keeping the financial records of a business, of ascertain-
ing the cost of production, of comparing records of men
and departments, of locating sources of profit and loss, and
of giving definiteness, it is of the highest importance that
this subject be developed as rapidly as possible by those
interested in higher commercial education.


Harlow S. Person, secretary of the Amos Tuck School,
Dartmouth College, Hanover, Mass., was then introduced.
His subject was, "Results of the Organization of Higher
Courses in Commerce: In the Amos Tuck School of Ad-
ministration and Finance, Dartmouth College."

He said:

"The Amos Tuck School, associated with Dartmouth
College, is the only school of commerce in the United
States organized as a professional school. As distinguishing
features, its commercial course is not a part of the college
course, but is a separately organized graduate course, like
the medical or the engineering course; it requires approx-
imately a college education for entrance; and it offers train-
ing not only in the general principles of business, but in
preparation for special forms of business, such as foreign
commerce, banking, transportation and insurance. The
confidence of its organizers has been justified by its results.

"The high requirements for entrance have resulted in a
smaller attendance than would be the case were the com-
mercial work offered as a part of the undergraduate course;
on the other hand, they have operated as a selective force,
which has tended to eliminate that class of men who have
not the aptitude for business activity, or who do not take
up commercial work with a professional spirit. The long'
preliminary training required has proved to be necessary
for the profitable pursuit of the work offered by the school ;
the work could not be of so advanced a nature without that

"The part played by the commercial school in the de-
velopment of managerial ability is not appreciated. There
seem to be three principal elements of that ability. The

temperamental element of self-control, of self-projection, is
the most fundamental and cannot be trained. The socially
developed element of adaptability, of adjustability to per-
sons and situations, is the product of the home, the col-
lege, of all the institutions of social contact. The social side
of college lite is probably the greatest single force helping
to develop this element of managerial ability. The third ele-
ment, that of knowledge and of judgment, of knowing one's
business from 'top to bottom,' may be developed by tech-
nical business training."

James T. Young, director of Wharton School of Finance
and Commerce, Philadelphia, Pa., followed in a discus-
sion on the same topic as it applied to the University of
Pennsylvania. His address was along a similar line as was
that of Mr. Person.

Officers of the Department of Business Education of the
National Educational Association for 1906 — President, H.
jNI. Rowe, Baltimore, Md. ; first vice-president, James T.
Young, Wharton School of Finance, Philadelphia, Pa., sec-
ond vice-president, W. H. Wagner, Los Angeles, Cal.; sec-
retary, Horace G. Healey, New York.

" The Alumni Association of the Rhode Island School of
Design held a meeting on the evening of May 14, at the
Providence, R. I., Art Club. It was an informal affair, being
a combination of entertainment, supper and business.

The meeting was called to order by President H. Anthony
Dyer, who delivered a talk upon the aims of the association,
and outlined a plan of work in the interest of art. His re-
marks were enthusiastically received.

He then introduced George Spink, who entertained the
members with a repertoire of songs. Harold C. Spencer
gave a humorous monologue, which kept the audience in a
state of continuous laughter. The members then repaired to
the supper rooms of the club and enjoyed an Italian lunch,
prepared by Steward Sanderson.

The business meeting resulted in the election of the fol-
lowing officers: President, Harold C. Spencer; vice-president,
Nathan H. Miles ; secretary, M. J. Higgins ; treasurer, William
L. Coop.

The fruits of Mr. Dyer's remarks were then shown by the
association \-oting to offer a scholarship at the Rhode Island
School of Design, the conditions of which will be announced
by a scholarship committee appointed by the president, as
follows : Warren S. Locke, H. Anthony Dyer and Miss Mary
F. Patterson. — From the Evening Telegram, May 15, 1905.


From the Washington Star.

Miss Elizabeth Brown, eldest daughter of the late David
Wolfe Brown, who was for forty years chief of the official
reporters of the House of Representatives, has gone into
mining' in Colorado.

Parties who had prospected and found valuable mines,
but who were unable to work them on account of lack of
funds, were persuaded by Miss Brown to sell their holdings,
and she is now the holder of several paying properties,
a^ong them being the Lone Star claim, which has been
judged to be one of the richest in the vicinity of Red Cliffe,
Col., where Miss Brown went to spend the summer months,
and where she was induced to enter the mining business.

Miss Brown is personally superintending the work on
her holdings, and may be seen any day on her way, with
her lunch basket, to the mine, where she watches every
detail of the labor of extracting the precious ore from the


1208 Chestnut St.
Philadelphia Pa.

Illuminated Professional Card. By S. D. Holt, Philadelphia, Pa.


We should like to have every teacher of penmanship, every teacher of the
commercial subjects, and every commercial school proprietor get the News Edition
of the Penman's Art Journal regularly for one year, beginning now — there'll be
no question of your subscribing next year, if you do so this year — the price is one
dollar. A dollar is loo cents — we know the value of it as well as you do — yet
that 8 1-3 cents per month cannot be considered an outlay, it's an investment, and
as such to a progressive person will return many times its original cost. Some
hint, some suggestion, some thought therein can be made useful to you. You are
in line to be helped — the helper is the Nccvs Edition, Penman's Art Journal, 203
Broadway, New York.


?5o to $100 per month salary assured our
graduates under bond. You don't pay us
until you have a position. Largest system
of telegraph schools in America. Endorsed
by all railway officials. Operators always in
demand. Ladies also admitted. Write for






An exceedingly practical and interesting method of imparting in-
struction in business practise and bookkeeping. Recently R.e=
vised and Modernized. For use in schools where the Commu-
nity Plan of Actual business is not suitable or desired. The


Of Teaching Bookkeeping and Business Practise

fully meets the requirements of modern up-to-date schools.

f-ive: courses

The Primary, designed espe-
cially for small schools that %\ ish to de-

Online LibraryLife Extension InstitutePenman's Art Journal (Volume 29) → online text (page 55 of 56)