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Lisa Schassberger Roe.

Rare plant inventory of the outstanding natural areas of the Rocky Mountain Front online

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Erioqonum oval if ol ium (oval-leaved buckwheat)

Open, rocky slopes at mid- to high elevations.

Oxyria digyna (mountain sorrel)
Dry creek bottoms.

Polygonum bistortoides (American bistort)
Moist meadows.



PORTULACACEAE (Purslane Family)

Claytonia meqarhiza (alpine spring beauty)
Alpine scree slopes.



Lewisia rediviva (Bitterroot)
Dry, open meadows.



PRIMULACEAE (Primrose Family)

Androsace chamaejasme (sweet-flowered androsace)
Open slopes and meadows.

Androsace septentrional is (northern fairy-candelabra;
Meadows and slopes.



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Dodecatheon pulchellum (few-flowered shooting star)
Moist areas.

Douqlasia montana (Rocky Mountain douglasia)
Rocky slopes and ridges.



RANUNCULACEAE (Buttercup Family)

Anemone multif ida (cliff anemone)
Dry open slopes.

Anemone patens (pasqueflower)

Open slopes and woods.

Aquilegia f lavescens (yellow columbine)
Forested moist canyons.

Aquilegia jonesii (limestone columbine)
Limestone talus, alpine.

Clematis columbiana (Columbia virgins-bower)
Forested areas.

Clematis hirsutissima (vaseflower clematis)
Slopes and woods.

Ranunculus aquatilis (hairleaf water buttercup)
Ponds .

Ranunculus f lammula (creeping buttercup)
Shallow waters of ponds.

Thalictrum venulosum (veiny meadowrue)

Moist or shaded areas along streams.



ROSACEAE (Rose Family)

Amelanchier alnifolia (alderleaf serviceberry)
Woods and slopes.

Dryas drummondii (yellow mountain-avens)

Dry rocky creekbeds and open areas.

Fragaria vesca (woods strawberry)
Open to shaded slopes.

Gaum trif lorum (old man's whiskers)
Open meadows.

Physocarpus malvaceus (mallow ninebark)

Dry, open slopes at lower elevations,



Potentilla fruticosa (shrubby cinquefoil)
Moist to dry meadows.

Prunus virqiniana (common chokecherry)
Moist streambanks.

Rosa woodsii (Wood's rose)
Woods and slopes.

Spiraea betulifolia (shiny leaf spirea)
Woods and draws.

RUBIACEAE (Madder Family)

Galium boreale (northern bedstraw)
Hills and slopes.



SALICACEAE (Willow Family)

Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen)
Moist slopes and ravines.

Salix drummondiana (Drummond willow)
Riparian areas.



SANTALACEAE (Sandalwood Family)

Comandra umbellata (bastard toad-flax)
Open meadows and flats.



SAXIFRAGACEAE (Saxifrage Family)

Heuchera qrossularii folia (goosseberry-leaved alumroot)
Rocky sites at higher elevations.

Mitella trif ida (three-tooth mitrewort)
Stream banks.

Saxifraqa bronchialis (spotted saxifrage)
Rocky areas.

Saxifraqa cespitosa (tufted saxifrage)
High elevation rocky slopes.

Telesonix jamesii (Jame's saxifrage)
Subalpine open slopes.



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SCROPHULARIACEAE (Figwort Family)

Besseya wyomingensis (Wyoming kittentail)
Moist meadows.

Castilleia lutescens (yellowish paintbrush)
Open slopes and meadows.

Castilleia miniata (scarlet paintbrush)
Dry, open rocky areas.

Gratiola ebracteata (bractless hedge-hyssop)
Vernal pool species.

Pedicularis contorta (coiled-beak lousewort)
Moist ravines.

Penstemon confertus (yellow penstemon)
Open rocky slopes and ridges.

Penstemon ellipticus (rockvine penstemon)
Dry, rocky slopes.

Penstemon eriantherus (fuzzytongue penstemon]
Dry rocky slopes.

Penstemon gracilis (slender penstemon)
Dry open slopes.



URTICACEAE (Nettle Family)

Urtica dioica (stinging nettle)

Meadows and open forests



VALERIANACEAE (Valerian Family)

Valeriana edulis (edible valerian)
Open slopes and meadows.

Valeriana sitchensis (Sitka valerian)
Woods and slopes.



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LITERATURE CITED

Dorn, R.D. 1984. Vascular Plants of Montana. Mountain West
Publishing, Cheyenne, Wyoming. 276 pp.

Hitchcock, A.S. 1971. Manual of the Grasses of the United
States, Dover Publications, New York. 1051 pp.

Hitchcock, C.L., Cronquist, A., Ownbey, M., and J.W. Thompson.
1969. Vascular Plants of the Pacific Northwest, Part One.
University of Washington Press, Seattle. 914 pp.

Hitchcock, C.L., and A. Cronquist. 1973. Flora of the

Pacific Nothwest. University of Washington Press, Seattle.
730 pp.

Lesica, P., Moore, G., Peterson, K.M., and J.H. Rumely. 1984.
Vascular Plants of Limited Distribution in Montana.
Monograph No. 2, Montana Academy of Sciences, Supplement to
the Proceedings, Vol. 43. 61pp.

Luer, C.A. 1975. The Native Orchids of the United States and
Canada. New York Botanical Garden, W.S. Cowell Ltd.,
Ipswich. 361 pp.

Mudge, M.R., Earhart, R.L., Whipple, J.W. and J.E. Harrison.
1983. Geologic and Structure Maps of Choteau 1° x 2°
Quadrangle. Montana Bureau of Mines and Geology.

Shelly, J.S. 1988. Plant Species of Special Concern.

Montana Natural Heritage Program, Helena. 12 pp. (raimeo) .

U.S. Department of Agriculture. 1988. Sensitive Plant Field
Guide to Northern Idaho and Montana. U.S. Forest Service,
Northern Region. Range, Air, Watershed, and Ecology.
Missoula, Montana.

U.S. Department of Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service. 1985.
Endangered and threatened wildlife and plants: Review of
plant taxa for listing as endangered or threatened species.
Federal Register 50(188): 39526-39584.



MONTANA
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Online LibraryLisa Schassberger RoeRare plant inventory of the outstanding natural areas of the Rocky Mountain Front → online text (page 2 of 2)