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enlivened by the performance of a i)rogrammo of music.

SHEFFIELD.— A mooting of the Council of the local Chamber was
held on the 14th January. The President (Mr. J. Willis Dixon) was in
the chair. The committee which had been appointed at the last meeting
of the Chamber to arrange for a lecture by Mr. Colquhoun reported the
arrangements made with Mr. Holt S. Hallett in the unavoidable absence
of Mr. Colquhoun, owing to his depart ui-e for Burmah. The draft
report of the Council for the past year was read, and it was referred for
settlement to tho president (Mr. J. Willis Dixon), the vice-presidents^
(Mr. Charles Belk and 5Ir. John Marshall), and the hon. sees. (Mr.
William Smith and Mr. John Hobson). The committee, to whom had
been referred the question of whether tho Chamber should bring forward
any resolutions at the annual meeting of the Associated Chambers of
Commerce, reported that they had submitted to tho Council of the,
Associated Chambers a resolution with reference to the Spanish Treaty.
The resolution is as follows : — " That this Association desires to placi*
upon record its great satisfaction with the able memorandum upon tho
Spanish Treaty negotiations, dated tho 26th July, 1886, and presented
to his ExceUencv the Smnish Ambassador by the most noble the
^farquis of Salisbury, K G., and, being im willing to believe that tha
Spanish Government will persist in the line of conduct which it has
hitherto adopted in these negotiations, it ventures to urge her Majesty's
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs to re-open the negotiations with
the Spanish Government with a view to obtain the most favoured nation,
treatment for this country." Tho Secretary announced that he had
received notice from the President of his intention to move an alteration
in the rules conferring upon the Council the riffht to make any new
rules or alterations of rales subject to the approval of a general meeting^
the present rulo upon tho matter having been found unworkable. The
Secretary reported the arrangement as to witnesses appointed by the
Chamber to give evidence before tho Boyal Commission on the Depres-
sion ill Trade.

The annual meeting of tho members of the Sheffield Chamber of
f )ommerce was held on the 38th January, Mr. J. W. Dixon, President,
in the chair. The report of the Council was taken as read. Th9
President, in moving its adoption, observed that it was the second time
he had had that honour. From the number of members — 12S — it
appeared to him that the Chamber was not supported as it should bo.
and he urged members to seek to add to their numbers. The excess of
expenditure over income of J6t3 13s. lid. was partly owing to a
donation of £25 to the Cutlers' Company's Industrial Exhibition, thc^
success of which was partly due to the co-operation of the Chamber.
He proceeded to refer to the matters which had engaged the attention
of the Chamber during the year. Mr. Alderman Hobson seconded the
motion. Mr. Howard Vincent, M.P., thanked the Chamber for having
elected him and the other borough members honorary members. It was no
small distinction, he said, to have been called to represent the Central
Division of so world-famed a town as Sheffield, and ho assured the
Chamber that he considered it no small privilege to be connected with
one of the first Chambers of Commerce in the country. Ho trusted
he should be allowed to share their labours to the fullest possible
extent. The President had told the C*hamber that the past year
had not been so successful for many of tho Sheffield trades as
one would have hoped; but there wero gprounds he (Mr. Vincent)
believed, for thinking that the wave of depression which had beaten
against the country in recent years was in some measure ex-
hausted ; and he ventured to express the hope that before the next
aimual meeting prosperity would again have returned. (Hear, hear).
Mr. Ashmead Bartlett, M.P., said he was extremely glad, and, as a
humble member of the Government, extremely proud of the policy
which had been recently pursued in regard toiiurmah. (Applause.)
He looked upon it not only as a stroke of g^reat commercial
advantage to this country, but as a great political advantage. He
was speaking not from a party point of view, but from a view as
to what was to the advantage of the whole country, i)eople, and the
empire. He thought, when it was remembered how active and at one
time menacing were the efforts of the Frenoh Government to obtain a
foothold in BurmiUi, which would have placed another great European
power immediately on the eastern frontier of our splendid Indian
aominion — and we knew to our cost how another great power had lately

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March 10, 1886.

obtained a foothold on the north-western frontier — that eyeryone, of
whatever party, would rejoice that that danger had been averted by
the timely action of the British Goyemment. He concluded by
expressing his thanks for being elected an honorary member of the
Chamber, and by promising to do everything in his power to further
the interests of the Chamber of Commerce, and the manufactures and
commerce of that great town. The. adoption of the report was
unanimously agpreed to. ^Formal business as to election of officers
having been transacted, Mr. Holt S. Uallett proceeded to deliver an
address upon the proposed railway connoction between India, Bnrmah,
Siam and China. The President moved a vote of thanks to Mr. Hallett
for his address, and Aid. Hobson seconding the motion, it was carried
amid applause. The President then moved an alteration in provisions
made in the rules for modifying them from time to time, and the
Master Cutler having seconded the motion it was agreed to.

The first meeting of the newly elected Council of the Sheffield
Chamber of Commerce was held on the 11th February, the president

iMr. J. W. Dixon) occupying the chair. On the motion of Aid.
I*. Brittain, seconded by Mr. W. C. Leng, the best thanks of the
Chamber was given to the president and Messrs. T. E. Vickers, 8.
Osbom, J. D. Ellis, and Herbert Hughes for attending and giving
evidence before the Koyal Commission on the depression of trade and
industry. A letter was also read from Mr. Murray, the secretary,
conveying the thanks of the Commission to these gentlemen for the
Tery valuable and complete information which they afforded. On the
motion of Mr. Bedford, seconded by Mr. Atkin, the following were
appointed to represent the Chamber at the annual meeting of the
Association of Chambers of Commerce: — The President, Mr. J.
Marshall, Aid. Hobson, Aid. W. Smith, Aid. F. Brittain, Mr. S.
Osbom, and Mr. Hughes. The official programme was considered, and
instructions were given to the delegates with reference thereto.

, WAKEFIELD.— The annual meeting of the Wakefield Chamber was
held recently. Captain Bolton in the chair. The annual report having been
read, the President moved its adoption, and favourably passed in review
the varioos steps taken during the year. The Mayor (Mr. Alderman
Beyndds) seconded the motion. Mr. W. Briggs moved a resolution re-
appointing Mr. Mander seciietary, and voting £im a gi^atuitv of 25/. for
his services during the past year. Mr. W. Watson seconded the motion,
both he and Mr. Briggs speaking highly of Mr. Mander's services to the
Chamber. The chairman, in puttmg tho resolution, endorsed the
remarks of tho mover and seconder. Colonel Mackie proposed that
Messrs. W.H.Lee and W.Briggs be re-appointed to represent the COiamber
on the Joint Committee of the Association of West Riding Chambers for
Tariff Purposes. He remarked that it was a very important function
they had to perform, and they had done their work satisfactorily in the
past. Mr. Shaw seconded the motion, which was agreed to. The
president, the secretary, and another member to be chosen irfterwards,
were appointed as delegates to attend the annual meeting of the Asso*
dated Chambers of Commerce.

A meeting of the Council of the Wakefield Chamber of Com-
merce was held on the 27th January. This being the first meeting
since the annual general meeting of the Chamber, Mr. W. H. Lee
was voted to the chair until the appointment of a president for the
ensuing year. Certain trade documents were laid on the table, and
two communications were read, one from the National Harbotir of
Refuge Society, asking for a subscription, and the other from a Mr.
Alex. Carus, of Blackburn, relative to the silver question. Mr. Carter
proposed the re-election of Capt. Bolton as president for the ensuing
year. Mr. W, Briggs seconded the motion, speaking very highly of
the assiduity with which Capt. Bolton had devoted himself to the duties
of his office during the piwt year, and of the courtesy and judgment
with which he guided the deliberations of the Chamber. The motion
having been unanimously carried, Capt. Bolton took tho chair, and
thanked tho members for re-electing him. While it was true that
politics and trade were to a great measure intermingled, he had every
confidence, from past experience, that members of t£it Chamber would
endeavour to confine themselves solely to the commercial aspect of a
tjuestion, and keep the other out of eight. (Hear, hear.) Captain
Bolton concluded by reiterating a wish he expressed at the beginning
of last year— that trade might revive before he quitted that chair.
(Hear, hear.) On the motion of Mr. Watson, seconded by Mr. W. H.
I.^, the two vice-presidents, Alessrs. Booth and Kiluer, were le-elected.
Alderman Sellars, treasurer, and Mr. Alfred Ash, auditor, were also
re-appointed, as was likewise the Parliamentary and general committee,
with tho addition of Messrs. Payne and Carter. The President, the
Secretary, and Mr. W. H. Lee were appointed delegates to the annual
meeting of the Associated Chambers of Commerce.

WOLVERHAMPTON. - A meeting of the members of the
Wolverhampton Chamber of Commerce was held on the 6th of Febru-
ary—Mr. J. C. Tildesley presiding. The Chairman said tho Council
in c«lling the present meeting were taking somewhat an imusnal

departure, but he ventured to think it would meet with the approTal
of every subscribing member. Personally h^ hoped it would be the
commencement of a series of similar meetings, by which the memben
would meet together to discuss questions of mutual interest. At i
recent meeting of the Council the question of Gkrman competition was
incidentally introduced, and followed by a discussion which was »o
interesting, and in which facts of so great importance were elicited,
that it was felt the subje<*t was one of too great magnitude to be dealt
with at an ordinary meeting of the Council, and it was resolved to all
the present meeting to discuss the subject, all the members being
invited to take part. As to German competition with this and other
districts, he thought they might take it for granted that that com.
petition had been very much increased during the last few years, and
there could be no question that in the production of iron and steel, iron
wire, girder work, cut nails, and other articles, the Germans were not
only fighting England very hard in her own colonies, but were success-
fully competing with us in our home districts. He hoped the question
of the relative quality of German and English manufactures would be
touched upon, and also the question of railway rates. In the latt^
unquestionably the Germans had very considerable advantage over the
manufacturers in this and other English districts — (^* Shame*']. In
the presence of gentlemen like Mr. Hickman and Mr. Clark, who had
made the subject of railway rates their own, he would not dwell upon
it further than to mention a statement which he heard the previous
day, and which he had no reason to doubt, viz., that certain Gorman
manufactures were being conveyed ti& Bristol into Birmingham at a
much lower rate than was oharffed for the carriage of Wolverhampton
goods from Wolverhampton to London. He went on to allude to the
longer hours which Germans worked as compared with English
working men, and to the absence of the Saturday half -holiday in
Germany, remarking that the latter country also possessed the
advantage ot the strict discipline which was observed in the character
of the German workman, due to the early military training enforced
by the Government upon the German youths. Another advanta^
they possessed was that years before the question attracted attention in
England the Germans made the subject of technical education of great
and prominent importance, and the learning of some useful craft a part
of the education of everyone throughout the German Empire. As to
the question of protective duties, as a Chamber of Commerce the
members present knew no politics — (hear, hear) — ^and this subject
having been the battleground of political parties, it was considered
that it should not be discussed at the meeting of the Chamber. It,
however, seemed impossible to arrive at a satisfactory and complete
settlement of such a question as competition without making some
mention of protective duties, and it would be perfectljr understood that
whatever mi^ht be said would have no political bearing (hear, hear).
Mr. W. W. Walker dealt with the whole question of German
competition, touching at some length on facts which he considered
showed to the advantage of Germany. In conclusion, he enforced the
advantage of technical education, and expressed the opinion that
English workmen would have to work longer hours, and tbat English-
men of a hiffher g^de would have to work harder, g^ve up some
luxuries, and be more thrifty if they were to maintain our commercial
supremacy. Mr. Alfred llickman, M.P., Mr, Henry Vaughan and
Mr. Mander also spoke, and after a few words from Mr. Hichards and
Mr. B. Jones, the Chairman closed the discussion. He said that wai
one of the most interesting meetings that had been held in connection
with the Chamber, and he would take care that the views of the
meeting were laid before the Council. He hoped the discussion would
be of practical benefit to aU concerned.


NEW ZEALAND.— The Government of New Zeahind has an-
nounced that the outstanding 41 per cent. Five-Thirty Debentures issued
luider the Immigration and Public Works Loan Acts will be paid off at par
on August 1, lb86, at the offices of the Crown Ag^ents for the Colonies,
after which date interest will oease. With reference to this announce-
ment, the Bank of England give notice that, on behalf of the agent?
duly appointed (Sir Francis Dillon Bell, K.C.M.G., and Sir Penrose
Goodchild Julyan, K.C.M.G., C.B.), they are authorised to inform
holders that they may, at their option, receive, instead of cash payable
as above mentioned, 4 per cent. New Zealand Stock, inscribed at the
Bank of England, with dividends payable half-yearly on May 1 and
November 1, on the following terms, viz. :— For every £100 in deben-
tures surrendered with the coupon for the half-year's interests due on
August 1 next attached, £101 of 4 per cent. Inscribed Stock, bearing
interest from February 1, 1886, and inscribable on or after April 2,
1886. Holders who desire to exchange on these terms must deposit
their debentures at the Chief Cashier's office, Bank of England, not
later than Tuesday, March 30, when the option will cease. Scrip
certificates, with coupon attached for the interest from February 1 to
April 30 (payable May 1 next), will be issued in exchange for the

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March 10, 1886.




VIENNA. — Information Oppicb op thb Vienna Chamber of
Commerce. — At a meeting of the Vienna Chamber on the 20th January,
it was decided to create an information office for import and export, of
which the following are the main details ;— The Chamber of Commerce
for Lower Austria has established on strictly commercial principles at
its own office an information office for import and export as a central
place for the whole of Cisleithania. This office has for its object the
procuring of the following information for all commercial and indus-
trial establishments in CiSeithania — particulars about firms in Russia,
the Danubian countries, the East, Spain and Portugal, and trans-
atlantic countries; the publication of commercial failures in the
Danubian countries and the E ist ; the appointment of solicitors in
foreign countries to collect outstanding debts and to represent Austrian
houses in cases of failures and disputes. Enquiries about these matters
are to be addressed to the President of the Chamber, and information
is to be given by the President's instructions. No name of correspon-
dents or of any person givine information to the office will be made
known, and no gfuarantee wm be undertaken for information given.
The expenses are to be paid by the person making enquiries, and the
President has also the power to charge in certain cases an extra sum of
60 kreutzer. For the procuring of information the consulates abroad
and trustworthy firms will be apx>ealed to. The prog^ramme also gives
particulars of the books to be kept for enquiries, information, and


MONTREAL.— The annual report of the Montreal Board of Trade
says : — ** While at the close of 1886 the depression in trade continues
to be felt to a considerable extent on both sides of the Atlantic, the
dulness does not seem to be quite so universal as in 188 1. Shipping in-
tarests in all countries, however, continue to suffer severely, and Canada,
of course, shares in this. Yet it is gratifying to know that, so far as the
foreign commerce of the Dominion may be supposed to be represented
by that of Montreal, business last year was in general fairly prosper-
ouB, the produce trade being in most respects the exception.** The
report then refers to the inmiense injury done to the trade of Montre&l
by the small-pox epidemic. In connection with the tariff charges
enaoted by the Ckn-man Beichstag, it was found that Canada, by virtue
of its relations to Great Britain, was entitled to all the privileges of
the ** favoured nation clause " in the treaties between the mother coun-
try and G^ermany. Several other matters of interest on which the
board has taken action during the past summer are referred to. Among
them are the steps taken toward a re-survey of certain portions of the
River St. Lawrence, commercial relations with the United States, the
trade with Newfoundland, and free navigation. In connection with the
latter the report says : — '* Besides the question of abolishing canal tolls
the attention of the oommoreial community last year was forcibly drawn
to the burdensome character of various dues and imposts which weigh
heavUy on the steam and sail tonnage that is employed in the ocean
trade of the St. Lawrence, and a free navigation league was formed last
summer for the purpose of carrying on the agitation to effect changes
that would practically make the Canadian water highway free to ships
of all nations. The circumstances that made it expedient to defer the
contemplated action have now happily passed away, and the Executive
Committee of the league is understood to be pre^ring to recommence
the movement.*'

TORONTO.— A special general meeting of the Toronto Board of
Trade was held on the 12th January, for the purpose of nominating
officers for the ensuing year. Mr. W. Galbraith, second vice-president,
occupied the chair, and the attendance was large. The first nomination
made was that of Mr. W. Ince, which was moved by Mr. W. D.
^latthews, jun., seconded by Mr. R. W. Elliot. It was then moved
by Mr. George Gooderham, seconded by Mr. John Macdonald, that
3Ir. Henry W. Darling be re-elected. Mr. Ince said he wished to have
his name withdrawn. While he would consider it an honour to be
elected president of the Board of Trade, yet in view of the valuable
services Mr. Darling had rendered, that gentleman should have another
term. The chairman then declared Mr. Darling unanimously elected
president. Mr. Darling referred in grateful terms to the hearty and
unanimous action of the meeting. His ambition had been to see that
board strong in numbers, stronger in the confidence and esteem of the
whole community, occupying the position of influence which it ought
to do, a reflex of the restless energy, the honour, and the characteristic
influence of the merchants and the mercantile community it repre-
sented. His ambition had been to see it foremost in suggesting and
shaping legislation that would be conducive to the interests of the
commerce of the coxmtry, to see it in a commanding position in regard
to the important Interests with which it was charged, and fulfilling in
the interests of each individual member those nmctions which they
could not do for themselves. He thought the board had achieved a
very considerable amount of success in that direction, and he hoped

from this time forth, with the warm sympathy and assistance of the
numbers it now possessed, it would be from this time the model and
influential commercial organization of Canada. His endeavour in the
future, as in the past, would be to conduct their proceedings as pre-
siding officer to the very best of his ability, and irrespective of any
inconvenience it might be to himself. The following elections were
then made unanimously, viz. : Mr. "William Ince, first vice-president ;
Mr. W. D. Matthews, jun., second vice-president ; Mr. George M. Rose,
treasurer. In acknowledging the honour done him, Mr. Ince said
he looked forward to the time when Toronto would occupy the first
place as a commercial centre in this country. The growing interest
being manifested in the Board of Trade was a cheering sign, and if
the executive were only supported in the measures to be brought
forward, which he believed would be for the advantage of commerce,
results beneficial to the commercial community would follow. Nomina-
tions were made for members of Council and of Board of Arbitration.


PARIS. — Abbitratio.v and Employers* Li-iuiLiTY. — The French
Minister of Commerce intends to modify, in certain points, the law
relating to the Councils of Arbitrators (prudhommes) , the Chambers of
Commerce, the Superior Council of Commerce, and the responsibility
for accidents to which working men are liable in the exercise of their
labour. As regards the Councils of Arbitrators, the Minister of Com-
merce proposes the two following new clauses: — 1. The creation of
these councils shall be obligatory each time that the Municipal Council
and the General Council have given a favourable verdict. The consent
of the Administration is not any longer necessary. 2. An appeal
against the decisions of the Councils of Arbitrators, which at present
comes before the commercial tribunal of the district will in future be
submitted to a Council of Appeal comx>osed of arbitrators who have not
taken part in the verdict in the first instance, and presided over by the
senior according to age. Regarding the reorganization of the Cham-
bers of Commerce, the Minister proposes that these Chambers should bo
elected by the suffrage of all who hold a trading license {patcntes). The
elections are to take place eveiry five years. The Chambers of Commerce
are further to have the power of creating special museums, professional
schools, &c. With regard to the Superior Council of Commerce, tho
members of which are at present exclusively chosen by the Government
the Minister proposes that they should in future be elected half by tho
Government and half by the Chambers of Commerce, in the following
manner : — The Chambers of Commerce to electa number of delegates in
proportion to tiie interests represented by them and varying from
^2 to 32. The Paris Chamber will elect 32. These delegates to hold
a general meeting at which they elect 21 members for the Superior
Council ; the Government chooses an equal number. There will also
be some members of the legal profession, and the total of the Superior
Council will then consist of about 60 members. The last project with
reference to employers' liability stipulates that the employer should not
bo allowed to assert that the accident to a working man m tho exercise
of his profession is neither due to the bad condition of his machinery
nor to the want of necessary precautions, and further stipulates
the organization of a scheme of working men's insurance against acc'-
dents by retaining a certain amount of his wages.

The Minister of Commerce and Industry has just addressed a letter

Online LibraryLondon Chamber of CommerceChamber of Commerce journal, Volume 5 → online text (page 28 of 157)