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Should evil break in upon a brother, which mnv
the Lord preferve you from, be not hafty or harfii
in your rebukes, nor too fevere in your cenfurcs ;
a broken bone mull be handled gently. You know
St. Paul's direcVtioii where grievous offence hud
been given — " Ye that are fpiritual, rcltore fuch a
^^ one in the fpirit of meeknefs."

Watch over each other in love and fidelitv ;
prevent, if poffiblc, the evil; kindly conceal from
}our brethren lefier oflcnces, after private admoni-
tion ; the greater, if unhappily fuch fliuuld arife,



mufl be cenfurcd openly : not treating him as
an enemy, but admonifhing him as a brother.
Exclufion from your fociety becomes neceflary,
when guilt produces no humiliation ; and obflinate
perfeverance in evil, compels the excifion of the
mortified limb, lefc the body be infedled.

Avoid as much as poffible all occafions of temp-
tation. Let no man be permitted, without leave of
the community, to be abfent at night from the com-
mon dormitory. In every journey, walk, occupa-
tion, let two or more brethren always be together.

Should any native women feek inftru6lion in
private, let one of our women fifters be their
teachers. In public, all who pleafe, and are lilent,
may attend our worfhip and inftru6lion.

If a brother thinks he ought to marry, let fuch
a one take care that he be not guided by paflion
and fancy : Only in the Lord is the clear apoftolic ^
order : If therefore his dcfire be that he may keep
himfelf more pure in the honourable eltate of wed-
lock, let him communicate his wiihes to his bre-
thren, nor prefume to form any fecret engage-
ments, but always a6l openly, with the approbation
of the Million.

Should any brother marry a native, they fhould
build a little houfe near their brethren, and come
under the fame regulations as our own married
brethren ; their wives aflbciating with our believing
women, and on no account feparate, but live in
daily communion and worfhip under the fame roof.




Internal Order, Admtnijlraimi, and InJirii5iton.

[The Obfcrvance of this Order commences with the
Voyage, and is to be continued on the Iflands, with
fuch Variations as Circumftances render necefTary."]

YOU mufl be a little Church and Commu-
nity, and form fuch rules for your proceed-
ing on the fpot as may appear befl fuited to your
circumftances : but every one is obliged to s;ive
way to the conclufions of the majority, and chear-
fully to acquiefce in all matters of prudential re-
gulation, and not to follow his own opinion or

It is hoped that the fpirit of faith, love, and hu-
mility, w^ill fo pervade the w^hole Miffion, that
every individual will be ready, for the general good,
to take the loweft place, and to become the fervant
of all. At the fam^e time, confufion, difunion^ and
want of fubordination, muft be avoided ; the Mif-
iionaries w^ill endeavour, in humble dependance on
Divine Counfel, to form and maintain fuch an or-
der among themfelves as is fuitable to their diffe-
rent gifts, offices, abilities, and employments ; fuch
an order as may exprefs folemn relpc6l and obe-
dience to the inflitutions of the New^ Tcilament ;
fuch an order as may ftrike the minds of the hea-
then with ideas of its wifdom, fweetnefs^ utility,
and dignity.

That an order fo defireable, without the pecu-
liarities of any denomination, may be fccured ;
that the honour and purity of the ordinances of
God may be maintained, and that the effccSls of
human pride and felf-fufiicicncy may be prevented,



fixed rules arc neccflary^ and niuft be unanlmoiifly

The Management of the Avhole and feparate
Miffions fhoLild be conducted by a Cominittee of
live, elected by the whole body of the Miffionaries.
The determinations of this Committee fhould be
ronfidered as linal. Of this Committee the Cap-
tain is.of courfe onc^ and permanent Chairman
during the voyage. At the end of one month
wliile on board, and three months afterwards, one
of the Committee fliould go out by rotation, and
another be chofen in his place by the whole body.
To this Committee, and which it will be beft to
clecl: on the firji day of the month, when that does
not fall on the Sabbath-day, muft belong the ar-
rangement of public religious fervices, the cog-
nizance of immoralities, errors^ and difordcrs^ and
the direction of all endeavours refpecSling the Hea-
then. In cafes of peculiar difficulty and danger,
all the Miffionaries may, if it appears to the Com-
mittee practicable and advifable, be fummoned to
hold an extraordinary conference, and invited to
give their opinion and advice.

During the voyage, the Captain is to be con-
lidcred as having authority over all the Miffionar
ries, as to all external matters ; to him it belongs
to determine the convenient times for public fer-
vices in the veficL

When fixed on fborc, and fettled as a commu-
nity, it is abfolutely neceliary that a Chairman be
elected by the Committee for fix months at the
kafi ; but we recommend that, in order to fuit the
ideas of the natives, accudomed to the continual
government of the fame Chiefs, it be for a longer

To the Prefid nt, for the time being, belongs all
the external arrangement of bulinefs ; he is the or-
gan of the Society in all negociations with the
native Chicf>^. but he can only a6t in concert \^ ith



the Council, in which he is always to have a deli-
berative voice.

The fame order iniiit be followed with, the fmal-
Icr communities, which may branch out from the
main body to the adjacent iflands, if the fmall
number in fuch Miflions admits of, or requires it.

The Lord's Day fhould be obferved with facred
regard and particular attention, and the whole of
it employed in exercifcs of devotion, or labours
of love.

We recommend folcmn fervice to be twice per-
formed, careful only not to exceed a limited time,
perhaps an hour and a half at fartheil ; the time
to be fixed as fuits the climate and manners of
the people.

The beft informed, and longeft in the Miniflry,
will naturally prefide in your devotions. Thofe
who are in the habits of Ipeaking fhould, in their
turn, improve their gifts, and edity their brethren.
Every Mondav the Committee fliould fettle the
morning and evening devotional exercifes, and ap-
point who fhall read, give out the pfalms or hymns,
pray and preach, the next Lord's-Day, dividing
the fervices among each other, as may be mofl for

Every day the morning fliould open and the
evening clofe with a chapter, prayer, a pfalm or
hymn ; a (hort exoofition may be given the one
evening, and a fliort fermon the following even-
ing, all through the week. Every man's gilts may
thus be tried and brought forward ; and let no
man defpife his brother, but encourage the feeble-
minded, and be patient towards all.

The Lord's Prayer may be ufed or omitted, ac-
cording to the option of him who officiates at tho
time ; approved verfions or paraphnifes of the
Pfalms of David, and hymns containing found
doclrine, fnall be ufed from time \o tiiae, fo as



to meet as much as polTiblc, the ideas and wifhe?
of all the MifTionarie?. The preachers fhall be
careful to digeft well thefubjedl which they handle
in public, and endeavour to introduce in their
difcourfes a proper mixture of do6trinal, experi-
mental, and pra<Slical religion. No forms of prayer
fhall be enforced ilatedly and invariably ; thofe,
however, who choofe to make ufc of a form or
part of a form of prayer, fhall be at liberty to
do fo.

As onr Avorfhip on the Lord's-Day, and alfo
morning and evening every day, fhould be open
to the natives, and they fhould be invited to at-
tend ; particular regard fhould be fhewn to fueh
as appeared ferious and attentive ; and as foon as
pofiible little bodies of them fhould be formed,
for evening conferences with them.

Refpecting the iBoft probable means of fucceft
u'ith the natives, there can be but one opinion.
The lives of our brethren mufl give weight to their
teaching : If they are truly exemplary, half the
work is done.

How they are to teach, whether in difcourfing
publicly, or in private conference, will hardly ad-
mit of a doubt: — The Bible, and the experience
of the moll fuccefsful Miffions, affure us, that
the great doctrine of the Atonement mufl be the
chief corner it one. The glory and the humiliation
of Jefus, and every thing relative to the delive-
rance from lin and death by him muft make the
irround work. A frniple recital of his love, the
defign of his incarnation, death, and refurrec-
tion ; thefe mufl be the points, chiefly repeatedly
dwelt upon. The obligations of love and duty
which we owe him, naturally conne(5l themfelves
with thefe views; together with promifes of his
r:^\z\ri\ through the agency of his own fpirit, to
enable u-^ to follow him in the regeneration.



The blefTcdnefs and comfort of fuch a life in
this world, and the aflurance of an attainment
thereby of a happy and glorious eternity in a bet-
ter, will afford a field of delightful inflruelion.

AfFcd not fubtleties and deep points of contro-
verfy, either among yourfelves or with the natives.
Wave as much as poUible what would lead to
queflions, rather than godly edifying. Attempt
not by arguments on the reafonablenefs, or evi-
dences of the Chriflian Religion, to difplay your
own wifdom ; or, fuppofe you can anfwer and
lilence all their objections, adhere to the limpli-
city which is in Chrift, trufting to thepowerof the
Holy Ghoft to take the things of Chrift, nnd fliew
fbem to their confciences with divine conviclion
and efFedlual energy. It is the evil heart of un-
belief that mufl be fubdued ; an awakened con-
fcience feels the need of a great facrifice : an
unawakened mind will always reiiil the Holy Ghofl,
and muft be left to him, who only can remove the
darknefs, and quicken from a ftate of death to
n-ewnefs of life.

It mufl be by divine operation, and not by mo-
ral perfuafion alone, that any real convcrlions will
ever be wrought among the Heathen, or indeed
among any others.

In all attempts to convince the natives of their
(ins, we thould particularly fele6l thofe inftances
of depravity which are moil frequently ftriking,
viz. the fhocking crime of fliedding human blood ;
the horrid murder of children ; the abominable
public proftitutions, and fuch other enonnitics as
carry upon the face of them fomething revolting
even to humanity. Avoid attacking their eitablifli-
cd cuftoms of a more inditlerent nature, fuch as
their drefs, amufements, &e. however indecent
the one may appear, or in their confequeuces ap-
parently dangerous the other. If the confeience
* becojnes truly awakened, it will then grow tender,

G 2 and


and they will be ready to hear, as in matters of
lefs noturict}', and abflain from the appearances
of evil.

We cannot but obferve, however, that fome of
their moft horrid pradlices may atrord ocralion to
the mofl ufcfnl improvements. Their human fa-
crifices thenileives open the way, in a very altccting
and folemn manner, for introducing to view the
Great Saciifxce, which alone can take aw:?y fm ;
and the oblations at their morais alfo may be im-
proveci, as leading to an acknowledgment of the
imirortality cf the ibul, and the doctrines con-
nected with an eternal world.

The ordinance of the Lord's Supper flioukl be
adminiltered at leaft once every month ; the en-
quiries and applications it would give rife to, might
be made very profitable to the natives.

Infants Ihouid be admitted to baptifm where
either of the parents are profeiicd believers. If it
be juJged expedient to baptize the children of any
of our countrymen, it fliould be done under the
folenm engagement, that they fhculd be brought
to our tents as foon as they are capable of infiruc-

Marriages fhould be folemnized publicly by any
of our Minifiers, in the preferiCe of the Church,
and entered into a regifier ; and if any Heathen,
who has married one wife among the natives, pay
attention to our teaching, he fliould be exhorted
to enter into a folemn engagement to continue the
hull and of one wife.

Avoid unncceilary difputes about modes and
tCM'ms ; in uneliential matters, let every man think,
for himfelf, and not exaggerate the importance
of things which do not afFe6l the fundamental
dodrines of Chriftianity.




Regulaimis o?i the Voyage,

CAPTAIN WILSON being appointed to the
command of the fliip Duff, an obedience to
b-is injunctions and regulations is ncceflarily re-
quired on the part of the MifTionaries.

The improvement of the MifTionaries in ufeful
knowledge, and the prefervation of their hcahh,
are the two great objedls to be attended to during
the voyage ; the firft is intimately conne6led with
eftabliihing a dilcreet fyftem of ufeful emjDloymcnt,
adapted to the capacities and future deiignation oi
the Miffionaries.

1. The MifTionaries may be divided into two
dalles ; thofe w^ho are already in a more advanced
fi^ate of mental improvement, and who are more
particularly delTgned to be employed in the in-
ftrudtion of others ; and thofe who will be em*
ployed in the exercife of their arts and knowledge
as mechanics. With rcfpedl to the firll it is re-

i. That fome part of every day (hall be em-
ployed in reading the Bible, and fuch other MorLci
as arc adapted to increafe their religious know-r.
ledge, and thereby their fitnefs for communicating
religious inftrudtion.

2. That fome part of eveiy day fhall alfo be
employed in the acquilltion of general knowledge^
viz. natural hiftory and the mathematics, particu-
larly navigation.

3. That they fliall occafionally be engaged ia
the inflrucSlion of the others in every branch of
ufeful knowledge.

4. That one of them fljall be appointed Libra-
rian, who is to have the charge of the books, and



who is to enter the name of the perfon who defires
one from the Library.

5. That one of them fhall be appointed to keep
a journal, in which fhall be recorded the daily
tranfadlions and general employments of the Mif-
fionaries, together with their obfcrvations, taken
from the thermometer and barometer every morn-
ing, noon, and night.

6. 1 hat a portion of their time fhall be em-
ployed in learning the vocabulary of the Otaheitan
language, which they will be furnilhed with.

With refpecl to thofe who are more particularly
to be employed in the mechanic arts, it is recom-

1 . That they alfo fhould employ feme part of
every day in reading the Scriptures, and other re-
ligious writings, for the purpofe of increafing their
religious knowledge.

2. That thev make themfelves ufeful on board
of fliip as occaiions may arife, in the exercife of
their arts, as carpenters, fmiths, fail-makers, pain-
ters, &c.

3. That they diligently attend to the inftruc'lions
which may be afforded them by others for their
improvement in general knowledge.

II. With refpecl to the health of the Miffiona-
ries, as a free circulation of air, and an attention
to cleanlinefs are the inoft efiential means of pre-
ferving it, it is recommended,

1 . That when the weather permits they fhall
bring their hammocks on deck, at fuch hour as
Captain Wilfon fhall hereafter appoint, and to
keep the fpace betwixt the decks clean, by as fre-
quently wafliing the fame as fliall be thought ne-

2. That as it is cuflomary, for the fafety of the
fhip, that the lights in it fhould be extinguifhcd
by eight o'clock in the evening, and confe-
qucntly the Miliionaries will retire early to reft, it



is recommended, as a means of prefen'Ing their
health, that they fhould rife at the break of day.

3. That as inadlivity, or too much fedentai'y
employment, may be injurious to health, it is re-
commended that every Miffionary take daily excr-
cife upon the deck.


Conceniifig the Mode of Settlement hi the

IN attempting to obtain an abiding fettlement
in any ifland, it will be the duty of the Mif-
iionaries to exercife much dependance on the Lord
their God ; for the communication from on high
of that peculiar difcernment and lligacity which
are neceflary in the firit opening of intercourfe
with an uncultivated and unknown people ; and
likewife for that influence upon the minds of the
nations, which will turn the hearts of the people
towards them, and bring them into favour and
tender love with them. In fubordination to this
dependance, every proper mean is to be ufcd, with
a humble fear of provoking divine jealouly, by re-
liance on the arm of lielh.

The Miflionaries may avail themfclves of the
good opinion which they find entertained bv the
Heathen of thofe Europeans, particularly *from
this ifland, who have formerly vifited them.. They
will alfo watch the firll: opportunities to imprefs the
people of the iflands with the fimplicity and un-
feigned benevolence of their own heaits towards
them, in the firll inflancc, with refpe^t to tem-
poral objects and concerns ; infmuating to them
without oftcntation, the fuperior improvements in



the arts of life which they have had opportunity
to acquire, and exprefRng a cordial readinefs to
impart to them every inftru6lion and afliftance of
that kind. At the fame time, it will be bcconning
the character of Spiritual MilHonarics, to convince
the natives, as foon as it is pradicable, that thej
fct no great value on thefe things, or on any thing
whatever belonging: merely to this world ; but that
the chief trcafure they convey is entirely of a reli-
gious and heavenly nature. The favourable pro-
vidential influence on the minds of the natives,
above olluded to, will attend thofe, who, while
they ufj prudent precautions, keep clofe to their
fpiritual errand and work, a? that which will bear
them through every difficulty.

The Miffionaries muft make the natives fea-
fible, that in fettling among them they have no un-
rcafonable demands to make, no claims of ambi-
tion, arrogance, or avarice ; that they are difpoled
to acknowledge with the purefl integrity and re-
fpccl the dominion of the natives over their ow^n
ifland, and all its productions, and the fubordina-
tion previoufly eftablifhed, and that they deiire no
further footing or property among them than is
neccffary, in order to their ferving them in their
moil valuable interefts. Every thing, therefore,
Ihould be fixed between the natives and the Mif-
fionaries, by tranfadlions formed in the cleareil
and moft equitable manner, according to the ideas
of juliice w^hich the natives entertain, and are ac-
quainted with. The Miffionaries mufi: not feem,
nor indeed be, anxious to obtain an independcince
of the free good-will of the natives, but rather
fhovv a willingnefs to place confidence in their
juftice and generofity.

The firll'ad of the Captain, or whofoever may
be empowered to treat with the natives, will be
the procuring, by favour or purchafe^ fuch a fpot



of ground as may be fufficicnt for provifion of
every fort, as well as for an abode.

On this fpot a confiderably large houfe fhould
be eredled, which may fe^ve for the place of public
worfhip, when the weather will not admit our af-
fembling beneath a wide-fpreading tree, or the
fair canopy of Heaven. Thlsfpacious manfion fhould
be formed as much as convenient after the mode
and with the materials of the country, in building
which, it is hoped we fliall have the affiltance,
of the natives. There fhould alfo be a large room
appropriated to a common hall for all meals, which
fhould ho, fixed and regular^ and it will alfo ferve
for a fchool room for the natives, at appointed

All matters of houfhold economy may be regu-.
lated by a ileward, appointed by the Committee
for this very purpofe, who is to take care, with
proper affiftants, from the produce of the land and
the ftores, to provide the family, according to a
bill of fare regulated by the feafons, and the abun-
dance or fcarcity, which mull regulate your con-

At meals, the acknowledgment of God fhould
be folemn, animated and chearful : fometimes ac-
companied with a pfalm or hymn ; temperance, an
unfeigned readinefs in each to become the fervant
of all ; a mutual delight in each other's temporal
comfort, and a difpofition to catch proper feafons
of converfation on fpiritual things, fhould diftin-
guifh the Chriilian from the Pagan board.


(i Mam.




Manner of Life in Society, Dome/lie Ecoftomjj,
a?id Employment of Time,

HERE alfo will, we hope, appear among tho
Miffionaries the marks of that wifdom and
energy which proceed from the fpirit of the living
God. The order, harmony, vigour, and fiibordi-
nation, which will reign through every corner of
the inclofure, mull exhibit a ftriking fpedlacle to
the untutored mind.

How much of your time the neceflary attention
to your provifion and maintenance will require,
cannot be known till you get there ; labour is ra-
ther to be courted than refufcd, as nothing would
be more dangerous than a fpirit of idlenefs.

Hours for the culture of your ground mull be
allotted daily, when every hand muft be diligent
according to his ability. Probably it will be moft
for the general good that thcfe hours for manual
labour fhould be employed by each in their feveral
peculiar arts and vocations. The gardener and huf-
bandmen, and thofe who have no art or peculiar
occupation, Ihould be in the field, cultivating the
land ; the carpenter at his faw-pit or fliop ; the
Imith at his forge or vice ; and each ferving the
community in liis own way ; fo that the appointed
hours of labour being thus fpeni in the moil ufeful
manner for the whole, the reft of the day may be
appropriated for the more immediate purpofes of
the million.

Your own improvement in ufeful knowledge
fhould occupy a part of every day ; th,e beft in-
formed may improve themfelves, and aflill and
bring forward their brethren. Particular attention
fhould be paid to acqwe as fpeedily as poiTible the



Otaheitan language^ to which the affiftance of the
Engliflimen we may find there will greatly contri-
bute ; if but one or two of them cordially embrace
the Miffionaries-, and appear tra6lable^ and dif-
pofed to hear the word of falvation. Thus, as foon
as poflible, fnould we endeavour to have tranfla-
tions of prayers and hymns in the Otaheitan lan-
guage, and may probably find thefe blcfled to the
natives, even before we can acquire a facility to
addrefs them in their own tongue ; many may be
pleafed to fing with us, even before they under-
ftand the import of the words ; fele6l paflages of
Scripture and hymns may be amongfl our firft ef-
fays of printing. We cannot but feel a facred
glow when we think that the firft chapter of St.
John's Gofpel may be read in the Otaheitan lan-
guage before another year expires.

Some pai't of every day fhould be fixed, as is moft
convenient, to inftrudl the natives, to which inftruc-
tions they fhould be invited : oaf brethren each tak-
ing a clafs to teach the letters of our alphabet ; the
women fhould teach the women and girls apart,
and the brethren the men. We fcarce entertain
a doubt that many of the natives, from the highefh
to the loweft, will be eager to learn how to read,
and mark thofe charadlers that to them mufl ap-
pear fo wonderful.

During the time alfo that our feveral handi-
craftfmen are at work at their feveral trades, the
natives will crowd with curioiity around them : all
readinefs to inftru6l and inform them fliould be
fhewn ; every little office of kindnefs be freely
done for them, and native youths of ready ge-
nius, efpecially the relatives of thefuperior people,
whofe protec^Hiion and favour will be of ufe to us,
taken and taught how to manage tools.

At fuch fealbns there will be a favourable op-
portunity to addrefs the natives, who may be at-

H 2 traded


tra(SI-cd by their curiofity, and to mingle divine
lubjecSls of" inllruclion with leilbns of information.

It is earncftly recommended that every perfon
in the Mifsion keep a particular diary of his own.
Befidcs this, one perfon fhould be appointed to
keep a general diary of the daily employments, and

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