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mental principle of our inftitution, not to fend to
the Heathen any exclulivc fonn of Church go-
vernment, Prefbytcrian, Independent, or Epifco-
pal, but the glorious Gofpel of the ever blefled
God ; leaving it to the fouls, whom the great
Head of the Church fhall gather into his bofom,
by the labours of our Missionaries, to fearch the
fcripturcs for thcmfelves, and to adopt fuch church
order and difcipline as lliall appear molt con-
formable to the Apoftolic model, and moll condu-
cive to their own peace ajid edification.

Whether our cfibrts Ihould be chiefly bent, for
awhile at leail, to fpread the Gofpel through the
iiiimenfe Southern Ocean, will be matter of de-
liberation for future Directors. It is not impro-
bable but they may difcover regions more accef-



/ible, with equal or fuperior profpecls of luccefs^
tho!ig^h we h:n-e been unable to find fuch by our
refearches. We have not, however, been inac-
tive in our enquiries for information. Early in
October, a Memoir was prefented by one of our
brethren, refpecting a Mission to Africa ; Vvhich
Memoir he fubmitted to tlie correction of Mr.
Macaulay, Governor of Sierra Leone, who obH-
ging:ly favoured him with all the knowledge he
was then mailer of concerning it, and promifedj,
on his arrival at Sierra Leone, to communicate
every additional information he could collecl: : an-
other of our brethren prefented a Memoir of a
Mission to the coaft of Sumatra ; refpecting which
feveral inquiries have been like wife made ; and
we doubt not but thefe, and many other plans, will
be well confidered, and, iffound practicable, purfued.
It would be pleating to detail, did time allow,
the correfpondences vve have efiablillied through-
out the united kingdoms. The letters and ad-
drelTes fent, at our delire, by our worthy SecretaiT,
jNIr. Love, to his brethren in the North, have
produced the happieit efFecfts. There they have
already begun to raife feveral conliderable funis to
increafe our tunds. But what gladdens our hearts
beyond all other things is, the fpirit of 'zeal and
aficction ftirred up round about. Societies, fiinilar
to our own, are formed, at Edinburgh, and Glaf-
gow, requefting our con'efpondcnce and informa-
tion, whiht we are running the tame bleficd race
to which they have been excited. Thefe are al-
ready enquiring, if v%-e will convey Millionaries
from them to the Pelew Illands, in our iLip : a.
requeft which tends to heighten the force of every
argument adduced, and to which no doubt the
Society will be happy to accede, and enlarge as
much as possible the tield of operation. Our bre-
thren at Paifley have formed a third Society for
jMillious ; and. preferring union with our larger

c 'Z aliC'Ciaii^nj


afTociation, have rcquefled to be admitted Into oiir
body, and to afTift us with their funds and Mif-
fionaries, — a pro]X)lal which, with thankfulnefs to
God for the fpirit it brcathef^, we have accepted.
At Kehb, in the South of Scotland, and Aber-
deen, in the North, other Societies have aUb been
formed, who have tranfmitted to us their refolu-
tions of uniting with us in the iiime manner.

The various letters received by our Secretary,
and the addrefics from Paifley, Glafgow, and Edin-
burgh, deferve your particular attention, and fpeak
how much alive our brethren are, in that part of
the ifland, to the great obje6l of a Heathen Mif-
fion, and how zerdoufly and harmonioufly difpofed
to co-operate with us in the bleired work.

Nothing furely can more ftrikingly demon ftrate
the finger of God than fuch an union on both fides
the Tweed ; not forgetting to mention the like
tokens of afFe61ion manifefted bv fome of our
brethren in Ireland. From the Orkneys to the
Land's End, the people of God appear to be ani-
mated by the fame mind, the fame zeal, and all
direcled to the fame objc6t. May this union of
-Brilifh believers be more elofelv cem.cnted 1 And
may our mutual efforts be blclled to tlic extcn-
fion of our Redeemer's kingdom to the ends of the
earth !

Though this Report contained no more than
a fummary account of the proceedings of the Di-
retlors, it gave fuch general fatisfaciion, that all
the members prefcnt cordially united in a vote of
thanks to them ''''for their %eal (wd ajjichniy hi for -
" rjunl'n/g ihe hnporiont bufnefs of the Society »'

Convinced, by the ftatement made in the re-
port, that the Miffionarics, intended to be fent to
Otciheife, cannot be conveyed thither, with any
propriety, (if at all) but in a veilcl belonging to
the Society; and perceiving how calily Millions
may be cftabliflied in other Illands of the South



Seas, by adopting this mode of conveyance; they
refolved, with the nriofJ: peifc6l unanimity, what
the DirecSlors had naturally confidcred and recom*
mended, " That a Mijfion he tinder taken to Otahc'iie^
^' the Friendly IJhmds^ the Marquefas, the Sandv/ich
^' ]JJa?ids, and the PeJezv JJlands, in a Jhlp lehngwg
^^ to the Society^ to he commanded hy Captain Wiljony
^^ as far as may he pra3icahk and expedknt^

The Society now proceeded to fill up the Di-
recSlion for the enfuing ycar^ agreeably to the ori-
ginal plan' of the InlLitution; when Mr. Hard-
caftle, the treafurer, w^hofc indefatigable zeal and
important fervices w^re thankfully acknovv'ledged by
all his brethren and the Society at large, was re-
chofen ; and all the old Diro6lors, being eaineftly
requeft'^.d to continue their exertions in accom-
plilhing the plans fo laborioully m.atured, and fo
highly approved, confented to the nomination^ ex-
cept two who chofe to retire. Several other gen-
tleiuen in various parts of England, Scotland, and
Ireland, who from local fituation, as well as abili-
ties, may render eflential fervices to the Society,
were added to the lilt. Among them was Cap*
tain Wilfon. No fooner was his name mentioned^
than the eyes of all the aflcmbly were fixed on
him with delight; and his elecHon was accom-
panied with every token of approbation and eflcem.

After the lift was complcated, and each gentle-
man feparately propofed and accepted, it was re-
folved, at the requcllof the old Directors, that one
fourth part Ibould annually retire from the direc-
tion ; but whether it flioukl be done in alphabeti-
cal order, or whether thole gentlemen fliould be
faffered to retire, who, for want of health, or from
numerous avocations, were incapable of rendering
equalfervice tothc Society, or payi):gequal attention
to the duties of their office, was referred for more
mature confideration till the next general meeting.

The two Secretaries, Mr. Love and Mr. Shrub-



fole being re-ele6ted, the Rev. Mr. Buchanan,
whofe deputation fronn our brethren at Edingburgh
had been recognized with great plealurc^ conclud-
ed with prayer.

Thurfday was enaploycd af Mr. Hill's Chapel,
where the Rev. Mr. Pentycrols wafmed, every
heart with a difcourlc, which will no where be
read without communicating iimilar feniations;
and in the evening an immenfe audience likewife
iilled Tottenham Court Chapel, to hear the able
addreft delivered to them on that occafion by the
Rev. Mr. Jay of Bath.

On Friday our public folemnities clofed, wdth
an affc6ting difcourfc from the Rev. Mr. Jones, of
Llangan; whofe manner as well as fpirit is too well
known to need our commendation.

At fix in the evening, the Society met, accord-
ing to adjournment, in a fpacious room at the
Caftle and Falcon; and the Rev. Mr. Ray, of
Sudbury, having been voted into the chair, open-
ed the meeting with earneil fupplication to God
for his divine prefence and bleffing. Several writ-
ten memoirs were prefented, propoiing INIiffions to
Surat, Madagafcar, the Wefl: Indies, and the nor-
thern fhore of the Cafpian Sea; wdiich were receiv-
ed with approbation, and refen-cd to the confide-:
ration of the Directors.

The remaining part of the evening was occupied
}n reading the interefting correfpondences from
Scotland, mentioned in the report of the Direc-
tors; which afforded the highcft degree of fatisfac-
tion to the whole afiembly. With the rnoft per-
fect unanimity it was then rcfolved, " That this
" Society lece'ivcs^ zv'ith great fiitisfucfion, the letters
'^ ivhich have nuw been read from their Chrijl'kin
'' Brethren in Scotland, and appoint their Jecretary,
'^ Mr. Love, ^^^ 3^^^^fy ^^^^^'^^' (-'ordial ajfcnt tothe pro-
*' pofals they have made oj correfponde^ice^ luiion^ and
" co-operation'^



Upon this. Dr. Hunter arofe, and obferved, with
a glow of afFc6lion which pervaded every mind,
that it was near ninety years fince the legiflature
of this country palfed the a6l of union, whereby
both kingdoms became one, in a political and com-
mercial fcnfe; but, faid he, "It was not till this
" night, an-d by this rcfolution, that the a6l was
"perfected; the union is now complete; 2ifpiri-'
" tual union has taken place, far more important
*^ and glorious than the former.'*

In fuch affecftion and harmony clofed a meeting
compofed of believers in Jefus of various denomi-
nations, as revived in our minds the pleafing idea
of thofc ancient times when the heathen world was
conftrained to fay,SEE HOW THESE CHRISTIANS loveI

Thofe whofe names are dlftinguifiied with an ^fterific, are added to the
fcrmer direiUon.

Mr. John Alday, CarliJIe Street, Solio.

^Rev. R. Alliot, Nottlno-ham.

John Audley, Efq. Cambridge,

*Rev. G. Barrett, Kiddermwfier,

*Rev. George Bell, JVooUer.

*Rev. Mr. Bicknell, JVelford.

Rev. James Boden, Hanley-Greefi, StaffordJJilre,

Rev. David Bogue, A. M. Go/port.

Rev. Jofeph Brookefbank, Neivington-Green.

Rev. George Burder, Coventry.

*Rev. John Campbell, Kipp'mg.

Mr. Robert Campbell, Maryh one-Street.

*Rev. John Cook, Maidenhead,

Robert Cowie, Efq. IJllngton.

*Mr. Henry Cox, Great Prefcott Street,

*Rev. William Davidfon, Nevjcajlle,

*Rev. Mr. Dancawf;n, Alrdry.

Rev. John Eyre, A. M. Hackney.

*Mr. John Fenn, CornhlU.

Samuel Foyfter, Efq, Tottenham Street. '

Rev. Samuel Greatliced; Newport-PagfielL



*Rcv. Robert Haldane, Alrthrey.

*Rcv. Robert Hall, Kdfo,

Jofeph Hardcaille^Efq. Duck's Font Lane^Treafurer.

Rev. Thomas Haweis, L. L. B. and M. D. AldvjinkJe,

*Mr. Thomas Hawkes, Piccadilly,

Rev. John PIcy, BriJloL

Rev. Rowland Hill, A. M. Surry Chapel

'-Rev. George Jerment, London.

Rev. George Lambert, Hidl.

Sir Egerton Leigh, JVarwickJliire^

*Rev. Dr. M'Dowall, Dublin.

*Mr. James Mackenzie, Glafgow,

Rev. Herbert Mends, Plymouth.

Jame$ Neal, Efq. St. PauTs Church Yard,

*SamucI Parker, Jun. Efq. Fket Street,

Rev. Edward Parlbns, Leeds.

Rev. W. F. Piatt, Holywell Mount.

Rev. John Mead Ra}^, Sudhiry.

* Jofeph Reyaer, Efq. ShacklewelL

Rev, John Reynold?, Ploxton Square^

*Rev. William Roby, Manchefier,

*Rev. Mr. Rofs, Aberdeen^

Rev. John Saltren, BridporU

•*Mr. William Skinner, Brifiol.

*Rev. Dr. Snodgrafs, Paijley.

*Rev. James Somervillc, StLrling,

Rev. James Steven, Thornhaugh Street.

Walter Taylor, Efq. Southampton.

^ Rev. George Townfhend, Riimfgate.

*Rev. John Townfhend, London,

*Rev. J. Walker, A. M. Dublin.

Rev. Alexander Waugh, A.M. Alfop's Buildings.

Daniel Welt, Efq. Southumpton Row,

*Rev. John Whitridgc, Ofaje/lry.

Rev. Matthew Wilks, Old Street Road.

Rev. Edward Williams, D. D, Rotlierham.

Thomas Wilfon, Efq. IV'jod Street,

Jofeph Wilfon, Efq. Mdk Street,

^Captaiu Wiijli)n, /ioyWt^/^;.










Wednijdajy May W, 179^.


Isaiah xix. 23, 24, 25,

In that clay pill there he a high-way out ^ of Egypt
to Ajjyria, and the AJfyriayi Jhall come into Egypt,
cmd the Egyptian into AJfyria, and the Egyptians

' Jhallferve with the AJJyrians, In that ^day Jhall
Ifrael he the third with Egypt and with AJfyria,
even a hlejfmg in the midft of the land: whom the
Lord of Erfisjliolims, faying, ^/#^ le Egypt
viy people, and Ajfyria the work of mine hands, and
Ifrael mine inheritance.

In treating of any particular prophecy, it is often
very difficult precifely to determine the period
when it has received its fulleft accomplifhment.
That God, who feeth the end from the beginning,
having ftiewn to his fervants, the Prophets, things
that fliall afterwards come to pafs, advances and
carries on his great defigns, at diftant feafons, by dif-
ferent inftruments, and in a variety of ways. In a
temporal deliverance, he makes bare the arm of
his power, and while effeAing falvation, from fome
great oppreffor, he therein gives to a people an in-
timation, pledge, and earneft, of fome ftiU greater de-
liverance which he intends to effedl for their fouls.
Such were Ifrael's deliverances from the Egyptians,
the Ailyrians, and Babylonians— deliverances in-
tended to be emblematical of that ftill greater fal-
vation which has fmce been effcAed by Jefus
Chrift: the full and complicated bleffings of which
falvation have never yet been conferred upon that
nation. Nor will the extent and glory of this fal-
g 2 vat i an


vation be fully conceived, till that time fhall come,
when " all Ifrael fliall be favecl," and the reftora-
tion of that people fhall be as life from the dead.

Something analagous to this we find in the cafe of
the Egyptians, who are marked out as the particu-
lar fubjeets of this prophecy. The diflrefles and
deliverances of this people are dcfcribed, not only
as being preparatory to, but as preludes of, a ftill
more glorious deliverance^ that awaits them ; pro-
bably, in that feafon, when the knowledge of the
glory of the Lord fhall fill the earth, as the waters
cover the fea.

From the importance and weight of the fubjedl
ti'cated in this chapter, it is called 71ie Burden of
Egypt. This country is reprcfented, as exercifed in
fuch inteftine broils as terminated in anarchy, and
that anarchy, in the partition of their foil amongft
twelve tyrants. But, after a variety of conflicts,
the whole is at length united under the domi-
nion of one head. The reign of this Prince is pro-
tracted for fifty years, which is at length terminat-
ed, by the conquefl: of Nebuchadnezzar: this, alfo,
in its turn, gives place to the dominion of the Per-
sians. But, fo opprefiive was the yoke of Camby-
fes, that, when Alexander with his Grecians, over-
ran and fubdued that country, the inhabitants look-
ed upon it, rather, as a deliverance, than a con-
queft. Here he built the renowned city of Alex-
andria; in which he planted a colony of Jews, per-
mitting them to worfhip their God after the manner
of their country. And, under the reign of one of
his fuccelibrs, we are told, that more than a million
of that people refided in Egypt=^. To this country
the Prophet Jeremiah, we are informed, had alfo
been led; where he probably finifhed his courfe,
and the minillry that he had received of the Lord.

To fuch revolutions, and the events conne6led

* See Newton and Lowtb.



with them, there appear to be evident allufions in
this chapter. Nor can we entertain a doubt, but
thefe pious defcendants of Abraham, to whom wc
have juft alluded, would be much concerned, to
dilleminate the knowledge of the true God, to exhi-
.bithisword, and to recommend his worfhip, to thefe
poor benighted Egyptians. So much, feems to be
implied, when it is laid, (verfe 18—22) " In that day
" five cities in the land of Egypt fhall fpeak the
" language of Canaan, and fwear to the Lord of
" holls; one fhall be called the city of dcftrudlion.
*• In that day fliall there be an altar to the Lord in
*^ the midtlof the land of Egypt, and a pillar in
•* the border thereof unto the Lord. And it fliall
" be a lign and a witnefs unto the Lord of hofts, in
*' the kind of Egypt: for, they fhall cry unto the
-' Lord bccanfe of the oppreflbrs, and he fnall fend
*' them a Saviour and a great one, and he fhall de-
" liver them. And the Lord fhall be known to
'' Egypt, and the Egyptians fliall know the Lord
*' in that dav, and fliall do facrifice and oblation,
"' yea, they fhall vow a vow unto the Lord, and
^' perform' it. And the Lord fhall fmite Egypt, he
'' fhall fmite and heal it, and they fhall return even
"^ to the Lord, and he fhall be entreated of them,
" and fhall heal them." All this, may have fome
allufion to what is already pafl; but, I rather con-
ceive of it, as referring to the future fuccefs of the
glorious Gofpel of the blelied God in that country.
And, in this view of the paflage, though the calami-
tics of this people have been great; though civil
wars have deluged their fields with blood ; though
their river has withheld its wonted fupply, and
their crops have failed in confequcncc thereof; yea,
though their country has become more vile and
bafe than any other nation ; Jehovah will yet con-
fer a blefling upon them, which Iball more than
compenfate every preceding trial. The Egyptians
Ihall srain bv their loHes ; for, he that hath wound-


ed will heal; and he that hath emptied, will fill
^them with the rich treafures of Gofpel Truth and
Grace. The happy influence and cliec^s of which
(Gofpel upon the minds of men, and upon the con-
duct:- of nations, are beautifully defcribed in the
words now to be confidered. " In that day fhall
*' there be a high-way out of Eprypt," &c.
From which words I fhall take occafion

I. To fliew that the Gofpel is, in its nature, a
moft valuable blefling. The Lord of hofts fhall
blefs, faying, " Blefled be Egypt," &c.

II. To point out fome of the falutary efFecls of
this Gofpel, as defcribed in the text. " In that daj
*^ fliall there be a high-way," &c.

Agreeably to the method propofed, we proceed
to fhcw

I. That the Gofpel, in its nature, is a moft va-
luable blefling. This we have exprefled in the
25th verfe, '' The Lord fhall blefs, faying, Blefled
" be Egypt," &c. Now whether we confider the
Gofpel in its nature or effe6f s, it mufi appear to be
a rich and fpcciai blefsing; for, this Gofpel not only
proclaims the carfe removed, and the alone way and
luanner in which that could be effeded, but lika-
wife, the happy confequenees of it, in fin pardoned,
peace prockiimed, grace communicated, ftrength
imparted, and, falvation fecurcd. It difcovers the
way, in which the empire of fm is broken, and the
glory, of tlic God of baivation difplayed. Such is its
nature. — And, as to the effects of this Gofpel,
that God, who only is able to eftimate their worth
or deferibe their excellency, has pronounced thofe
eyes blefled which arc enlightened to fee the
gk)ry of truth; and thofc ears happy that are
privileged to hear and know this joyful found.
The people, which have not this Gofpel, are defcrib-
ed, as inhabiting the dark and defolate jXits of the
earth; — -as gro})mgin darknefs, and abiding under
the empiire of death — of a death, in its nature, far



more dreadful than the irioft awful or painful
diilblution of that union which fubliits between
foul and body. The Gofpcl brings light to them
that lit in da'/'^nel:- ; p/oclaims b'Lerty to -he vaf-
fals of fin; exhibits articles of peace to rebclUouS
tranfgrcfib' Sj and, in the fulncts of Chrift, opens
a paradife of delights to the fouls of men. But,
let us confider this Gofpel as a bleiling, in its na-
ture, real, great, general, and which fliali even-
tually prove univerfal.

1.' This Gofpel is that real bleffing, of which
all other bleflings are but as mere (hadows. The
Hofht we behoM, the food we receive, the raiment
w^herewith we clothe ourfelves, and the friends w^e
enjoy, though all of them bleffings, cannot be
confidered as fecure bleffings. Friends may fail
us; clothes wnll wax old; our daily fupply may be
cut off, and even the fun itfelf may be turned into
darknefs : but, if with the report, we are alfo par-
takers of the grace of the Gofpel, as exhibited in
Chrift, we have a moft faithful friend ; having put
him on by faith, we are clothed with the robe of
righteoufnefs and with the garments of falvation ;
in him, we have bread to eat of which the men of
this w^orld have no conception, and, under the
blefled beams of this Sun of Righteoufnefs, we find
healing and refrefhment. To apply this to the
cafe of thefe Egyptians, the ftreams of their Nile
might fail (ver. 5th) ; their cifterns or refervoirs of
water, called (ver. 6th) their brooks of defence,
might be dried up ; their papyrus, their wheat, their
rye, and their flax might be deftroyed (ver. 7th) ;
yea, all their purpofes and all their efforts might prove
abortive, (ver. Qth) but, the Gofpel, like a river,
fhall make glad the nation to which it flows ; the
Plant of Renown, therein exhibited, fhall never
wither; the rich crops of Evangelic Truth and Mei*-
cj, fhall never fail ; and thereby fhall the Egyptians
be fupported, and fucceeded, in every purfuit and



in every enjoyment. When God fnews favour to
Egypt, it is not by replenifhing her river^, multiply-
ing her fifh, incrcafing her trade, or eftabliiliing
concord ; thefc, all thefe are looked upon only as
confequential blefTmgs : but, the knowledge of
truth — the baniihment of fin and idolatry, and the
importing to them the glorious Gofpcl of the
blefled God — thefe conftitute that real blefiing,
%vhieh he will bellow upon them'*^. And, indeed,
why is it ftiled the glorious Gofpel of the blefled
God, but becaufe it reveals God in Chrift as the
fountain of all bleffednefs — difcovers thofe flreams
of blelTing, as flowing freely and abundantly from
him to the moft unworthy, and, as drawing forth
thankfgiving, blefsing, and praife from every heart
to whieh thefe waters of the fandluary flow. Learn,
then, to eftimate the Gofpel as a blefsing, at once
real and invaluable: that let go, or not properly
received and improved, with thoufands of gold in
your coflers, and writings which fecure to you the
moft valuable eftates, you retain nothing within
your grafp, but the mere Ibadows of blcfling. The
Gofpel received and enjoyed is a real blcfling. And
not only fo, but

2. The Gofpel when properly conceived of is
a blefling not only real, but great. The foul is
always accounted the more noble part of the man.
But this Gofpel is a blefsing more particularly in-
tended for the good of the foul : and what fliall it
profit a man fhould he gain the whole world, and
Jofe his foul ! — Nothing which the mind can con-
ceive — no; neither mines of gold, nor rivers of oil,
nor the foil perpetually covered with verdure and
fruitfulnefs, can fupplyits place. From a prophet we
learn, that to know God in Chrift, as a God of Sal -
vation, which is the very fubjedl that the Gofpel
reveals, is more than fuflicient to make up the lofs

* Or ton in Loc.



of every thing befide. " Although the fig-tree
" fliall not blofibm, neither Ihall the fruit be in
'' the vines, the hibour of the oHve fhall fail, and
" the fields fhall yield no meat, the flock fhall be
^' cut off from the fold, and there fhall be no
*' herd in the ftall, yet will I rejoice in the Lord,
*' I will joy in the God of my falvation=^." But,
there is no neceflity to lead you into a long ti*ain of
arguments to prove how great a bleffing the Gof-
pel is, when, if I millake not the meaning, we have,
in the words now before us, as full an evidence as
we could with. The grand treafure of all new
covenant bleflings may be arranged under thefe
three articles — Bleffings in God's purpofe — blef-
fings difcovered in what he performs — and bleffings
either connedled with, or, coniifting in the enjoy-
ment of God himfelf. Now, to Ibew us how the
whole complement of all thefe bleffings is compre-
hended in thofe difcoveries and enjoyments impart -
ed to men by the Gofpel, fee how they all here
ftand arranged. In virtue of the everlafting purpofes
of his grace, God, forefeeing what he intended to
do, fays, " Bleffied be Egypt my people:" Calling
them a people that were not yet a people, and her
beloved, who was yet lying under the curfe. —
Looking forward to things that were not as though
they were, and feeling his power to accompliffi
all hispleafure : — In the contemplation of what he
had to effe^l upon the hearts of men, he adds, " and

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