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Ctocntietb (General averting



Mayll, 12, 13, 1814,

Rev. CH. FR. A. STEINKOPFF, M.A. London.
Rev. THOMAS RAFFLES, Liverpool.
Rev. D. M'INDOE, M.A. Newcastle-upon-Tvne.
Rev. WILLUM GURNEY, M.A. London.





HonDon :

Printed hif J. Dennett, Leather Lane, Jloliern.





r i

m:<iu am

.f. r


Rev. Joseph Brooksbank
Charles Buck
George Burder
H. F. Burder
John Campbell
George Collison
W. B. CoUyer, D.D.
George Greig
Alexander Fletcher
John Hawksley
John Humphrys
Rowland Hill, A.M.
Thomas Jackson
Evan John Jones
John Leifchild
Thomas Lewis
William Nicol, D. D.
W. F. Piatt
Andrew Reed
C. F. SteinkopfT, M. A.
Alex. Waugh, M. A.
Matthew Wilks
Mark Wilks
Robert Wijiter, D. D.

Mr. William Alers
Samuel Allen
David Cook
Jesse Curling, jun.
James Emerson
George Green
Joseph Hardcastle
Joseph Hardcastle, jun
Thomas Hayter
Charles Holehouse
David Kincaid
Peter Lindeman
James Muston
Benjamin Neale
Thomas Pellatt
Josiah Roberts
Joseph Reyner
Richard Rothwell
William Shrubsole
James G. Simpson
Robert Steven
Joseph Tarn
Thomas Walker
Thomas Wontner
Samuel Yocknev



Rev. Thomas««,Adkins, Southampton
Charles .»^v^tkinson, Ipswich
John ^^^v^Arundel, Whitby
Joseph ^^Berry, Warminster
David *.«^^^Bogue, Gosport
James ^^^^Boden, Sheffield
Samuel **,^Bradley, Manchester

T.B Bull, Newport Pagnell

Josephv^^^Cockin, Halifax
John.^..^^v^Cooke, Maidenhead
Richard *^«.Cope, Launceston
Dr. *»^*^***^Cracknell, Weymouth
Ralph »^«,^Davidson, Newcastle
Archibald v^Douglas, Reading
Thomas ^^^Durant, Poole
William »^.^Eccles, Leeds
Joseph*^*%v*Fletcher, Blackburn
John«.^^...^Griffin, Portsea
Stephen ^^.^Gurteen, Canterbury
William ^^^Harris, Cambridge
Richard .^xwHartley, Lutterworth
Thomas ^^Haweis, M. D. Bath
John ^^^^^Hillyard, Bedford
John **^-wx^*^Hunt, Chichester
John *^*^^v^Jerard, Coventry
J. M.*.v»^*^,xLongmire, Hargrave
Samuel.w*%.»»»Lowell, Bristol
Herbert v^^Mends, Plymouth
William v»...^Moorhouse, Huddersfield
Thomas *^^Morell, St. Neots
Samuel^»^v^Newton, Witham
James .^^vw^Prankard, Sheerness
John M.^x^Ray, Sudbury
Thomas vx-,.Raffles, Liverpool
John x.w«..^^>Reynolds, Chester
William »xv»Roby, Manchester



Rev. John ^v^-v^^Saltren, Bridport
John ^v*^»^Savillj Colchester
Isaac ^»-.^v>.Sloper, Beccles
Samuel^^^Sleigh, Salisbury
John ^,*^»,.»,.Styles, Brighton
Thomas ^.>Towne, Royston
Isaac *^»^w^Tozer, Taunton
' Daniel ^^.^^Vryerman, Isle of Wight
Thomas »%*% Weaver, Shrewsbury
Martin R.^Whish, M. A. Bristol

John .>.^ Williams, M. A. Stroud

Timothy^^xWildbore, Penryn
Messrs, George ^^.^Bennett, Sheffield

William ^^v,Biddlecomb, Gosport
James ^^v^^Bovvden, Hull
William* — Buck, Bury St, Edmunds
John *,^ — Clapham, jun. Leeds
Thomas ^-^^vEastman, Portsea
Thomas -*x»Hodson, Plymouth
Jasper ^^x^^IIolmes, Reading
John -v^w^^^^Job, Liverpool
John ^,v*»^*Mander, AVolverhampton
George»*»*.*Rawson, Leeds
Thomas ^^v^Ring, Reading
J. O Wills, Bristol


Rev. David **^»vCharles3 Carmarthen
David *-.»*^Davies, Swansea

John ^ »Elias, Llanfechell

David **vx^ Jones, Holywell
John *x**xv^ Jones, Pontypool,,, »
AVilliam v^^^Kcmp, Swansea
' Dr. ^^»*»»*»Lewis, Wrexl)an| .
William **»vLewis, Tredustan, Brecon
David *x»»»>Peterj Carmarthen
John ,-».xxxv*Roberts, Lanbrimnair

a 2



Rev. Roberta,

^^Balfour, D. D. Glasgow *

John ^^^

^^Campbell, D. D. Edinburgh

David ^.^^^Dickson, jun, Edinburgh

Thomas *

vv>Chalmers, Kilmany

Greville «.^Ewing, Glasgow

James ^,^^Hay, Kinross

George^^^Henderson, Lauder

John 'vv^^'v

,,^Lockhart, D. D. Glasgow

John ««,««,«.

,.^Love, M. A. Anderston

Angus ^**wM^Intosh, Tain

John *v.^v»^Philip, Aberdeen


»v*Ross, ditto

John ^^^

v^Smart, Stirling

Adam ^^

v,^Thompson, Coldstream

John ^^^

.^Willison, Perth


vv^Young, Jedburgh

Mr. John »-.^^

,.v*Pitcairn, Dundee

John *^»*»

-v,^Richardson, Perth


Rev. Kennedy,

^,^Bailey, Kilmore

William .

^,^Cooper, Dublin

John ^*^-..,

^,^DavieSj ditto

B. W. ^,

.^^Mathias, M. A. ditto

John ,^v^.

^,^Quarry, Cork

John ^wk^^Rogers, Glascar

Mr. James ^^

.^,^Clarke, Dublin

William ,

^^Clarke, Belfast

Andrew ^^^M'Creight, Tandaragee


..^White, Dublin

William ,

^v^Weir, Cookstown



The President of the Religious Society at Basil

President of the Missionary Society at Rotterdam

President of the Missionary Society in East Friesland

President of the Society de Fide et Christianismo, in

President of the Missionary Society in Connecticut

President of the Missionary Society at New York

President of the Board of Foreign Missions in Massa-

Rev. Samuel Marsden, M. A. New South Wales

Robert Ralston, Esq. Philadelphia

Rev. Dr. Romeyn, New York

Divie Bethune, Esq. New York

Rev. Dr. Verster, Rotterdam

Mr. Bernardus Ledeboer, Rotterdam

Rev. John Joenicke, Berlin

Mr. Gilbert Vander Smissen, Altona

Dr. Clcardo Naudi, IMalta.


Joseph Hardcastle, Esq. Old Swan Stairs.


Rev. George Burder, Camberwell.


Rev. S, W. Tracy, Bartlett's Buildings.


Mr. David Langton, Hackney.


Mr. Thomas Adams, 3S8, Oxford Street.





Bclhihdorp i,.v»»>>^»»,^.s*».^James Read

Michael Winirntr
J. G. Messer
• Andrew Vcrhoogli

(A Native of Mozambificu, }

W. F. Corner

(A N'ath'C of Dcrncrary.)

TheopoUs ...>..^I. G. UUbricht

John Bartlett'
Orange River »»,»v..»»»i.^*^v*William Anderson

Lambert Jantz
Kohs Kraal ^^^^^^v^^^-v^^Christopher Sass

Henry Helm
Bushusmen Country »^^v^^*Erasmus Smith
Namaquas *^v^^.^»v>^»^«,,^^Christian Albrecht

J. H. Schmelen

J. L. H. Ebner
ZrirehraJc, near Zicellendam^'T ohn Seidenfaden
Tulbach Drosdt/^.^^ ^^**Cornelius Kramer

Ariel Vos

Ilooge Kraal ^,^*,,^»* Charles Pacalt

At Cape Town *,.-v ..^George Thom (pro tempore)


Vizagapatam ^,^»^^^^^^^John Gordon

; !• ," Edward Pritcliett

Assisted by Anandarayer and Narasimloo,
two converted Bramins.
Gc: ?yam.v*-.»-.v^^^-.^»-.>-.-»»»-v^William Lee

Madras ^^ ^^^^^»^^^*^xW. C. Loveless

Bdhary ^^ ,«^wJohn Hands and J. Taylor

Magalaudi/ ^^ ^^^ — W. T. Ringeltaube

Chinsurah ^^ .^.^ ^«v»Robert May


Ceylon. — CoIumbo^^^^^I. D. Palm

Matura^^.^^^^1. P. Ehrhardt
Andamgodd}/ ^^WiWiam Read
China— Ca«fo» •^v*,,^,^^,, Robert Morrison

William Milne
Java ^^^^^^^^.x^^-^^^^Joseph Kan?

John Christopher Supper
Gotlob Bruckner

Berbice ^»**^»^^*-»^»^^^,-»v,John Wraj

Richard Eiliol

John Keniptcn

Trekwf<z<f,******»*»v*^^**v^^Thomas Adam


Elizabeth Town, Canada ^William Smart
Aus-usta Town. Ditto *»,.»»^J ohn Cox
Quebec (pro tempore) ^^»^ George Spratt
Prince Edward's Island *»»^Edward Fidgeon
NewfouTtdland^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^WiUlam Hyde


John Davies, James Hayward, William Henry, William

Scott, Samuel Tessier, Charles Wilson,

Henry Nott, and Henry Bicknell.


Received by the 7'reasJirery Secretaries, hy amy of tht
Directors, and at the following Bankers, ^c.

Drummond and Co. 49, Charing Cross.
Hankej, Alers, and Co. 7, Fenchurch Street.
Hoare and Co. 37, Fleet Street.
Lefevre and Co. 29, Cornhill.
Ransom and Co. 5G, Pall Mall.
Weston and Co. 37, Borougli, Southwark.
Messrs. Hawkes, Moseley, and Co. 24, Piccadillv.
Messrs. Procter and Brownlow, 125, Fleet Street.
Mr. William Clarke, 269, High Street, Borough.
Mr. James Emerson, 33, Whitechapel Road.

Many benevolent persons, desirous of promoting the
welfare of the Missionary Society, have bequeathed various
sums of money thereto, by their last Wills; but by omit-
ting to point out the particular Society for which they in-
tended them, or by a loose and unguarded form of Bequest,
considerable difficulties have arisen, and the Institution
has been in danger of losing some of the proposed Legacies.
To prevent this in future, the Directors of the Missionary
Society beg leave to recommend the following


" Item. I do hereby give and beqiaeath unto the
Treasurer for the time being, of a certain voluntary
Society, formed in London in the year 1795, entitled
The Missionary Society, the sum of

pounds, of lawful money of the United
Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, current in Great
Britain, to be paid within months next after

my decease, out of such part only of my personal estate
as shall not consist of chattels real, upon trust to be ap-
plied towards the carrying on the purposes of the said
Society : and I do hereby direct and declare. That the
receipt of the Treasurer for the time being of the said
Society, for the said Legacy, shall be a sufficient discharge
to my executors for the same."



•s - . ^^Q T^ '^^ ^-\ \^ ' ' ~ J^


*^VVv"-, i-i « ■

Christian Friends,

1 o those of you who recollect the first meeting of this
Society, in the memorable month of September 1795, who
can trace its gradual progress from year to year, and who
now contemplate the number of Missionaries employed in
various parts of the world, and the liappy success of their
labours, together with the flourishing state and extensive use-
fulness of other institutions which sprung from this, the
present occasion must atford a high degree of sacred delight,
approaching perhaps to the felicity of the heavenly world,
where the conversion of sinners on earth, and the enlaroe-
ment of the Mediator's kingdom, contribute to the joys of
the redeemed.

Which of us, at the first commencement of the Society
could have ventured to hope that in less than twenty years so
general a movement of the Christian church would be
effected ; that so many hundred tliousands of languid pro-
fessors would have been roused from their supine and torpid
state ; that with so much union of spirit, so much ardour of
desire, so niucli energy of exertion, so much liberality and
benevolence, they would concur in sending the heralds of the
gospel, and the scriptures of truth, to the remotest nations of
tlie earth. This hath God done ! His be the glory ! be ourV
the joy !



T]^S^^Di^fec{6i^'^'"tbrGJ^I^^1^t year will now complete their
du4j^ b;^a^iJ[gX'l*^S^5D^M bri^fi^count of their proceedings
(^ing- ihiif pfefii)(Sj With the p%eut state of the several
Missions under your patronage.

The DirecteirsTfotoirience their Report with a pleasure
they never before enjoyed — the pleasure of stating that
after the patient labours of fifteen years, enlivened only by
some faint rays of hope, those labours were not entirely
fruitless ; your faithful Missionaries at Otaheite feel them-
selves rewarded for all tlieir toil by the conversion of King
Pomarre to the faith of the gospel. They did indeed
derive some solace from the belief that a few uidividuals,
feeling in their departing moments the need of that salvation
which they had too long neglected, cast their dying eyes to
the cross, and expired in hope of eternal life by Jesus Christ.
They faithfully persisted for many a long year ; having re-
ceived of the Lord, and of the Society, this ministry, they
fainted not ; and after they were driven from the scene of
their labours by civil war, they readily returned at the invita-
tion of the king, and with pleasure renewed their work. In
the course of a few months after their return, their hearts
were cheered with the pleasing appearance of the effects of
divine grace on the heart of the king. The Directors first
received this welcome information by a letter dated October
21, 1813, which however did not arrive till October 1813.
On the 18th of July, 1812, Pomarre declared to the Mis-
sionaries his full conviction of the truth of the gospel, as the
result of deliberate consideration ; his determination to
worship Jehovah as the orijy living and true God, and his
desire to make a public profession of his faith, by being bap-
tized. The Missionaries greatly rejoiced ; assured him that
they would not cease to pray for him, but thought it prudent
to defer his baptism till he should have received further in-
struction ; and until, by a careful observation of his conduct,
they should be fully satisfied, as to the reality of his conver-
sion. In this advice he calmly acquiesced ; but was eaniestly


desirous of immediately building a coiivenient house for
divine worship ; this however was deferred for a while, imtil
the peace of the island should be fully established.

Subsequent ktteis seem to afford increasing evidence of
Pomarre's sincerity. The Missionaries state that wlien at a
distance from them, and amidst very important engagements,
he regularly observed the Lord's day ;. that he laboured to
persuade his relations to embrace Christianity ; that he has
entirely abandoned his idols ; that he entertains very clear and
consistent views of the principal doctrines of the gospel ; and,
above all, that he expresses the n^ost deep contrition ou
account of his former vicious life, and a most humbhng sense
of his native depravity. We trust therefore we may indulge
the pleasing hope th;it Poniarre is become a real Christian ;
and, if so, that his intiuence and example will at least induce
liis subjects to hear more attentively, and examine more care-
fully, the great truths proposed to them by our Missionaries.

One of the brethren, in a letter dated New South Wales,
in June 1813, says ; " 1 shall only add, respecting him, that
supposing him to be a i-eul convert, of which there is eveiy
rational evidence, and tjiere can be no reasonable doubt, he is
not to say the greatest, (which I think I might venture to say)
but one of the greatest iniiacles of grace ever exhibited on the
stage of this world. 'Jo God's holy and glorious name be all
the praise." • ■■' ■

But Pomarre appears not 4o be the only fruit of our
brethren's labours. " I here are others," say they, " whom .v>e
trust the Lord is drawing to himself from amorig this people ;
there is one man in particular of whqni we entertain good
hopes : we have little doubt that his heart is changed by
divine grace, but we do not like hastily to baptize any. One
of our domestics, who departed this life the other day, we
hope died in a safe state ; he cried for pardoning mercy
through Christ as long as he was able." Other circumstances,
they observe, are encouraging ; but they add, " We wish still
to keep to the maxim we have hitherto (perhaps too rigidly)
adhered to — to say too little about such things rather than too

While the Society rejoices in this pleasing intelligence,


they cannot but feel pain in reflecting upon the serious loss
■which this Mission has sustained by the death of several of
the pious females.

Mrs. Henry died July 28, 1812. She was a most valua-
ble woman, patient and resigned under all privations and
hardships. Her natural disposition was amiable, her piety
unaffected, and her love for the poor heathen unfeigned.
She died, after a tedious illness, worn out in the service of the

Mrs. Davies was also an excellent woman ; she unex-
pectedly departed on the 4lh of September, 1812; her infant
followed her to the grave three weeks after.

Mrs. Hayward also, after suffering much from a com-
plication of disorders, departed October 4, 1 8 1 2. She was
greatly supported in the prospect of death by the precious
promises of the gospel.

These valuable women are doubtless gone to receive the
gratuitous reward of those labours and sufferings Mhich they
voluntarily encountered, that they might advance the kingdom
of Christ in the world ; and their memory is blessed.

The Missionaries had come to a determination, agreeably
to our directions, to separate and form a Mission on another
of the Society Islands, and they had fixed upon Reiatea, as
the largest or most central of the group ; but the melancholy
losses they had sustained, rendered it necessary to defer the
execution of their plan, especially as they were about to build
a vessel of about fifty or sixty tons, as strenuously recom-
mended to them by bis Excellency Governor Macquarrie and
the Rev. Mr. Marsden, to bodi of whom the Society is much
indebted for their kind attention to the Missionaries.

It is with great satisfaction we learn, that the obstacles
which appeared to be in the way of establishing a Mission
in the Island of New Zealand, were likely to be removed ;
a young Chief of that country, who had resided for two
years at Port Jackson, having returned to it, and introduced
agriculture and other arts of civilized life, and who was likely
to become a true friend to the Missionaries who may hereafter
go thither.



During the past year, the communications from Africa
have been peculiarly interesting. Our dear brother, Mr.
Campbell, agreeably to the proposed object of his Mission,
has vibited the various Missionary stations in distant parts of
South Africa ; has suggested many excellent regulations for
their improvement ; and has fixed upon several new places, in
which Missionary settlements may probably be established.
A minute account of his journies would fill a volume ; and
such a volume, we trust, he will supply, after his return to
England, which is shortly expected :* a very slight sketch is
all that can be admitted into this report.

After a careful examination of official papers relating to
the Missionaries, with which he was indulged, and obtaining
passports from his Excellency the Governor Sir John Crad-
dock, to the Landrosts of the districts through which he was
to pass, he left Cape Town on the 31st of February, 1813,
accompanied by Mr. Hammes (a valuable friend and agent of
our Society,) his son, Mr. Bartlett a catechist, and several
Christian Hottentots and others belonging to Bethelsdorp.
In a fortnight he reached the Drosdy of George, the inhabit-
ants of which are desirous of having a Missionary settled
among them. Mr. Campbell promised that Mr. Pacalt should
be sent to them for a time, to be succeeded by Mr. Wimmer.

Mr. Campbell reached Bethelsdorp on the 20th of March,
and was received by Mr. Read and all the Missionary brethren
with the most cordial affection, and by the Hottentots with
the liveliest expressions of joy.

He witnessed a greater degree of civilization than he was
led to expect, from the reports in circulation, on his arrival in
South Africa. He found at Bethelsdorp, natives exercising
the businesses of Smiths, Carpenters, Sawyers, Basket-makers,
Turners, &.c. He saw cultivated fields extending two miles in
length, on both sides of a river ; their cattle had increased from
two hundred and eighteen to two thousand two hundred and
six, from three hundred to four hundred calves were produced

* Mr. Campbell arrived in London, May the 7th, and g.ive the So-
ciety a full account of his mission on the 12th. It was tliought proper,
however, to give this concise statement of his proceedings, as vvell as of
the several settlements.


in a year, not more than ^fty of which were in that space of
time allowed to be slaughtered. Tlie blessed effects of reli-
gion were displayed in benevolent institutions formed among
them : they had a fund for the support of the poor and sick,
which amoimted to two hundred «nd fifty rix-dollars ; t'hey pro-
posed to build a house for the reception of part of their poor.
They had also a common fund for the purpose of improving
the settlement, amounting to one hundred and thirty dollars and
about thirty head of cattle; and they contributed, during the
last twelve months, seventy rix-dollars in aid of this Society.

Such are the precious fruits of the seed sown among theiu
by Dr.Vander Kemp, Messrs. Read, Ulbricht, Wimmer, and
other faithful Missionaries ! — Such are the powerful effects of
divine truth among the most degraded of our species, in their
civilization, as well as in the more important concerns of
religion. Thus, we see a Christian church ; cultivated fields
and gardens ; useful manufactories ; an hospital ; and an Auxi-
'liary Missionary Society among Hottentots ! ^\ho now vill
doubt, whether the gospel ought to be preached to uncivilized

It is peculiarly pleasing to find that the Lord has raised up
several native preachers from among the converted Hottentots,
who preach to their countrymen with great acceptance and
nsefulness. One of these preached at Plettenberg's Bay with
•great success.

From Bcthelsdorp Mr. Campbell proceeded through a wild
country, almost uninhabited, on the borders of Caffreland, in
order to fix upon two spots eligible for Missionary settle-
ments, in Zu REV ELD, near the Great Fish River, the Govern-
ment having kindly promised to give sufficient portions of
land for that purpose. Two suitable places were accordingly
fixed upon, where the land being good, a part of the people
now at Bethelsdorp might settle, and to which some of the
cattle mi^ht occasionally be sent for the sake of better pas-
ture. Here it was agreed that Mr. Ulbricht, aided by Mr.
Bartlett, should assist in forming a settlement.

Mr. Campbell next travelled in a north-westerly direction
to Graaf Reinet, where Mr. Kicherer resides, and had the
pleasure of witnessing the happy effects of his labours ; here


also he met with John, Muryj and Martha^, the Hottentots
who visited England in the year .1803.

Here Mr. C connnued about a week, and was favoured
with an interview wilii a Mi. Burchei, a botanical traveHer in
South Africa, who had just returne'i from an excursion very
far north, and who was the tirst European who had penetrated
to that part of Africa from Graaf iieinet. After leceiving
from hitM the most valuable directions and caiitior.s, and ac-
companied by the native \^ho had been his oruide, he com-
menced his journey to the Orange River, aljout the lOtli of
May ; Mr. Kicherer and other friends accompanying him a
week's joumey, as far as the limits of the colony, preaching
wherever they had opportunity, to the boors and the hea-
then, some of whom, alas! bad never heard of a God, nor
had diey a word in their language whereby to denote him.
He crossed the wild Boschemeu's country until he reached
the Orange River, and after travelling about one hundred
miles along its banks to the eastward, he found a ford which
he safely crossed ; he describes the river as wider than the
Thames at London Bridge.

On the next day he reached Klaar Water, the Missionar)'
settlement which has long been under the care of the Brethren
Anderson, Kramer, and Janz. Here he remained but a few
days, and left it, accompanied by Messrs. Anderson, Kok,
and Hendrick, in order to explore a large and populous city
which had been described to him. '

After travelling ten days in the direction of N. N. E. they
arrived at the city of Lata k kg o, which contains about
loOO houses, neatly built, and about 8000 inhabitants. After
waiting ten days for the King Mateebee, who \\'as absent on a
jackal-hunt, Mr. Campbell was introduced to hun at sun-set,
and at the very time of the monthly Missionary prayer-meet-
ing ; when our friend requested leave to send Missionaries to
his people, to acquaint them with the religion of Jesus Christ.
After starling several objections to tlial measure, which Mh
C. was enabled to answer to his Complete satisfactioh, the^
khig gave him this laconic answer — " Send them, and I \H]i
be a father to diem." This conference was repeated publfcly,
ut the request of tlie king, on the next dav) in the presertce of


his subjects, and the same liberty to send Missionaries openly

Here Mr. Campbell obtained the important information

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