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8UPSBI17i:EKI»E3frT'8 BBPOBT. 33

apeoae bas but little to do in this matteE. This oltun of boyg
«e bave among ns ; we cannot throw them off; and so far a«
tiie financial question goes^ it mast be stated thns: Which
wiD cost less — ^to edncate these boys in a school provided for
them, or to take care of them after they have secured their
training in the great, free, street school ? Let the cost of jails
and prison^ answer ; and more than this, the loss of the pro-
ductive power of the great criminal class must be taken into
the aoooont These are not producers, but hang, like enor-
HUHU leeches, upon the State and nation, and are supported at
Immense expense in all their destructive, wasteful course,
before reaching the prisons.

Either there should be a £>eparate school, or a separate
department for the younger boys, and they should be kept in
•sbool until their habits become fixed, or they have secured
a good English education.

The following tables will show the standing of all the boys
Bnw in school, and their scholarship when admitted :

When AOimUid,

Who did n ot kn o w th e Alph abet 27

Who could read in Primer 26

Who could read in First Beader 39

Who could read in Second Beader 69

Who could read in Third Beaderl 40

Who could read in Fourth Beader 15

Who could read fti Fifth Beader 12

♦Total 218

Present Standing.

Who read in Primer 4

Who read in First Beader 27

Whoreadin SecondEeader 34

nfuiy boys now imported In the adTaiic« deptrtment did not know tbdr letters

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Who read in Third Reader 44

Who read in Fourth Eeader 48

Who read in Fifth Beader 61

Total 218


When Admitted.

Could write their own letters ,. 46

Could not write letters 173

Total 218

Present Standing,

Can write their own letters 133

Cannot write their letters ,..* 85

Total 218


When Admitted.

Who knew nothing of Arithmetic 99

Who could count 72

Who studied Intellectual Arithmetic 31

Who studied Practical Arithmetic 16

Total 218

Present Standing.

Who study Primary Arithmetic 79

Who study Intermediate Arithmetic 76

Who study Practical Arithmetic ^ 63

Total 218


When» Admitted.

Who knew nothing of Geography 184

Who had studied Primary Geography 18

Who had Studied Common School Geography 16

Total 218

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Present Standing.

Who study Common School Geography 25

Who receive oral instniction and use outline maps 193

Total • 218


TMs institution was organized during the present year.
The immediate cause which led to its formation was the fail-
ure of the Begents to proyide instruction in the State Univor-
81 ty in this system of medical practice.

The Legislature passed an act several years since providing
for instruction in the Homeopathic system to be given in the
University. Those having the supervision of the University
found that this system was so contrary to and inconsistent
with the system already provided for and established, that to
attempt to carry out the provisions of the act would endanger
an important department of the University, and, therefore,
took no steps to provide for the new system.

The friends of Homeopathy Were not satisfied. Each
session of the Legislature furnished the occasion for renewed
petitions. Their persistance resulted in securing advice to
establish the College outside of Ann Arbor. An effort was
made to establish a College in Detroit, which led the Segents
of the University to pass the following resolution :

"That we approve of the efforts that are being made to
establish a Homeopathic Medical College at Detroit, to be
eventually connected with the University ; and when wo are
authorized to make it a part of the University by law, with
proper provisions for its support, we will administer its affairs
to the best of our ability."

Thus encouraged, the friends Sf this system organized the
Goll^e, and the ^ announcement ^ was soon made that Courses
of Lectures would be given in the different departments of
Medical Science, commencing March 18, 1872, and continuing
until the 27th day of June following. A full course of instruc-

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tion was giyen in all branches of Medical Science, and the
usual degree of Doctor of Medicine was conferred upon nine-
teen candidates. Thirty-three students were matrioulated fof
the first course, one fifth of whom were ladies. It is a prom*
inent featdre of the College to admit women on the same
terms and conditious as men, and extend to them all the
advantages of the institution.

The second session of the College opened the 6th of Novem-
ber, 1872, and will continue four months. Although the tenn
has but just opened, forty-two students have matriculated, and
the prospect is that the number will be increased to fifk; or

Thirty thousand dollars hare been secured as a basis fox
establishing the College.

The College building is situated on the corner of Woodwazd
Avenue and the Campus Martins.


L. Younghusband, C. IL B. Kellogg, Andrew B* Sp im wj ^
K B. Ellis, Francis X. SpAinger.


President. — Lancelot Younghusband, M. D., L. L. D.
Treasurer. — Charles Merrill, Esq.
Secretary. — ^Erastus B. Ellis» M. D.


L. Yomtgfauaband, M. D., L. L. D.,
C. H.B. KeUogs^ M. D^
Brastos B. Ellis,. M. D.,
Cornelius Ormes^ M. D.,
Lucy M. Arnold, M. D.,
Andrew B. Spinney, M. if.,
Francis X. Spranger, M D.,
B.IL Chase, M.D.,
Lniah Dover, M. D.,
William B. Silber, A. M., Ph. D.

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Tbe nport of Prerideni Joceljo shows Albion Oolle^ to be
dMDg % SBCoesrfal work, with a large namber of pnpils, and a
fbB fiwol^ of nine InstmctoTs.

The aaseta of the College amt>ant to $59,567 31 ; and the
Bttcbirttent fund to $97,424: 60. To the latter it is expected
thai $60,000 will be added by Dayid Ptecrton, Esq., of Detroit^
daring the coming year.


Thift College ha» enjoyed more than its nsual prosperity
dwciB^pthe ^»t year. The namber of stndents in attendanoe
wlargB^ and all maltera eo&nected with the College are snoh
as indicate the vigorona condition of ita varions departments*
The growing interest of its friends is shown by their willing-
ntss to contribate to its funds and labor for its prosperity.

The Trustees have adopted a plan for secnring an addition
to the endowment fund of $35,000, and from the favor i^ith
which the plan is received they are confident of its complete
saooesB. Yaluable additions have been made to the library
a^ apparatus of the College.

Sammaryofthe ofBc^rsand students:


T^adiers 15


Gblkge proper. Gentlemen 102

" " Ladies 95

ncpacatory Department, Gentlemen 184

« « Ladies 840

llMelogical Department 13

Cbmmereial « 206

Hosic 73

Art. ? 26

TUal in all departments, deducting those counted more
than once 606

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The report of the President represents this College as enjoy-
ing its nsual prosperity. A larger number of students has
been in attendance than for years past The friends of the
College are rapidly multiplying and their interest in its
success increasing. Every year gives evidence of progress^
and those more immediately concerned with its daily work-
ing are hopeful as to the future.

An effort is being made to largely increase the present
endowment, which promises to be successful. The sum pro-
posed to be raised, a large portion of which is already pledged,
will relieve the College from all embarrassment, and yield an
income sufBoient to meet all current expenses.


Instructors 13


College —

Classical course 29

Scientific course 33

Ladies' course 31

Ladies' Elective Studies 11

Preparatory — •

Normal course 25

Classical course 54

English course 69

Ladies' Preparatory course 80

Whole number of gentlemen 183

Whole number of ladies 124

Total 307


The report of the President of Kalamazoo College shows the
present condition of that institution. The funds of the College
remain as reported last year with the exception of a bequest of

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#%5a0^ the income of which is to be giyen in aid of indigent


Instractors. 10


Oradiuiies 3


Gentlemen 26

Ladiee U

Prepantory —

Gentlemen 117

Ladies 90

Total 247


The report of the Board of Begents represents the University
as enjoying its nsnal prosperity. No important changes have
occurred during the year. A larger number of stadents have
been in attendance than during any previous year.

University Hall, the corner stone of which was laid on Com-
mencement day of 1871, has been so far completed that it is
used to some extent The appropriation made to build it has
proved InsnflBcient to complete the work, although the great-
est care has been taken in all the expenditures. This Hall
has a front of 347 feet, and its dome rises 140 feet, presenting
a very imposing appearance. The additional appropriation
needed to finish the Hall will doubtless be made without the
least hesitation.

The President's report presents some exceedingly valuable
statements. One is that the desire is almost universal among
the nnder-gradnates to complete some of the prescribed
oonrses. Students are allowed to elect their courses of study,
or to pursue simply whatever branches they may choose,
vhelherthey belong to a specific course or not It is interest-

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ing to see how many who enter the University to parsno {
tain elective stndies change their purpose before comphiti»g
these studies and enter upon some regular coarse. Of the
students in the Academic department, 4G per cent are Olassi-
cal, 19 per cent in the Latin and Scientific, 35 per cent in
Scientific. The number of women who have entered the Uai-
versity during this year is nearly doable what it wm lait
year. The number last year was «34, viz. : 2 in the Law i>epart-
ment, 18 in the Medical Department, and 14 in the Aoademic
Department This year it is 64 ; there being 3 in the Law
Department, 33 in the Medical Department, and d8 in the
Academic. The number found in the several classes is as fol-
lows : Seniors 2, Sophomores 7, Freshmen 13, in select courses
6. Of the graduates in the Medical Glass last April six were
women. One graduated with the Law Class, and two gradu-
ated with the Glass in the Academic department.

The results of this attempt to educate the sexes together in
the University have been most gratifying. The President
says : ** The young women have addressed themselves to ^&eir
work with great zeal, and have shown themselves quite oapa-
ble of meeting the demands of severe studies as successhiny as
their classmates of the other sex. Their work so &r does not
evince less variety of aptitude, or less power of grappling efen
with higher mathematics than we find in the young men*
They receive no favors, and desire none. They are subjected
to precisely the same tesfcs as the men."

The results of the year place the fact of oo-ednoation in
the University beyond a mere experiment. The President
farther says : ^* If we are {isked still to regard the reoeptioa of
women into our classes as an experiment, it must certainly be
deemed a most hopeful experiment.^

The Law and Medical Departments are represented to be in
a prosperous condition, but far better results would be saottfed
if a higher standard of qualifications was demanded at aoo&«,
dition of entering these Departments. Of the 350 stnd^ts in

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supBBixnrEKBEsrr'A eepoht. 31

Sie Law School this year 61 were Gollege gradnates. But in
ibe Medical School, in a class of eqnal size, only 14 were gtad*
natea Some thorough mental training is imi^eratirely
demanded before entering npon the courses in either of these
departments. The character of the studies pursued and the
utare of the lectures given require this jnevious preparation.
Two of the Professors who have been long and honorably oo&-
Dficted witii the University have resigned ; Mr. D. Y. Wood,
ProfesBor of Civil Engineering, and Mr. Alexander Wincfaell,
Professor of Geology, Zoology, and Botany.


Whole number of teachers in the Academic Department. . 28

*" ** Medical Department 6

" '^ Law Department 4

Total- 38


DcfMrtment of Literature, Science, and the Arts :

Besident graduates 9

Seniors - - 84

Juniors - 73

Sophomores 97

fteshmen 168

Inidected studies 46

In Pharmacy 40

Total 517

Students in the Department of Medicine 354

Students in the Department of Law 363

Total in the University 12U


Pharmaceutical Chemists 5

Hinlng Engineers 1

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Oiyil Engineers 10

Bachelors of Science 12

Bachelors of Philosophy 7

Bachelors of Arts — 57

Doctors of ^Medicine ..- 89

Bachelors of Law :... 142

Masters of Science 7

Masters of Arts 10

Masters of Arts (on examination) 1

Total 341


Gonnties having ten or more school districts have county
superintendents of schools. Upon the enactment of the law
in 1867 forty-six counties were entitled to the office. Since
that time ten counties have increased in population beyond
the designated limit, and at this time there are county super-
intendents in fifty-six counties; leaving now fourteen organ-
ized counties which have less than ten districts. These
counties are : Alcona, Alpena, Chippewa, Clare, Delta, Emmet,
Kalkaska, Mackinac, Manitou, Menominee, Missaukee, Onto-
nagon, Presque Isle, SchoolerafL

There are now but seven unorganized counties in the State;
as follows: Crawford, Gladwin, Montmorency, Ogemaw,
Oscoda, Otsego, Koscommon. Several of these are being pene-
trated by railroads, and will soon require organization, and
will be reporting schools.

The following are names of connties and superintendents
and their postoffice address. The present term of their office
closes May 1st, 1873 :


Allegan E. S. Linsley Allegan.

Antrim Lewis M. Kanagy Atwood.

Barry Theodore B. Diamond PrairieviUe.

Bay Frederick W. Lankeno w . . . Bay City.

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Benzie -.-Arthur T. Caee..^^^ -^.Homesteai .^

Berrien B. L. Kingeland. - - —:.. Benton Hftrbor*

Branch ... —A. A. Luce. - . - - . .Gilead. . .

Calhoun Bela Fancher w Homer.

Case L. P. Binehart • Caaaopolia.

Charlevoix John S. Dixon Charlevoix.

Cheboygan Arthur M. Gerow - Benton.

Clinton E. Mudge Maple BapidjB.

Eaton John Evans Bellevue.

Oeneaee Cornelius A. Gower Flint

Grand Traverse-.. Elisha P. Ladd Old Mission.

Gradot DiUis D. Hamilton Pompeii.

HiDadale . - Charles R. Coryell- JonesviUe.

Hoagfaton Philander H. HoUister Hancock.

Huron C. B. Cottrell Port Austin.

Inghaoi Elmer North Lansing.

Ionia - Wra. B. Thomas Ionia.

loflco John M. Crane - Au Sable.

Isabella Charles 0. Curtis.-.. Mt Pleasant.

Jackson W. Irving Bennett Jackson.

Kalamazoo E. G. Hall Kalamazoo.

Kent Henry B. Fallass Fallassburg.

Keweenaw R. C.Satterlee Eagle River.

Lake - Darius C. Warner Chase.

Lapeer J. H. Vincent Lapeer.

Leelanaw Salmon Steel Northport.

Lenawee Willard Stearns Adrain.

Livingston Peter Shields Howell.

Maoomb R. G. Baird Armada.

Manistee J. W. Allen - - .Manistee.

Marquette Harlow Olcott Marquette.

Mason J. Edwin Smith Ludington.

Mecosta C. W.Borst. Big Rapids.

Midland M. W.Elsworth. Midland.


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CoiTNTXxs. StrPHtxHmdiEkrrB. PoaroFFiCB.

Monroe Elem Willard Monroe.

Montcalm Elijah H. Crowell Greenville.

Mnskegon A- H. Baroh Muskegon .

Newaygo M. W. Scott Newago.

Oakland -J. A. Corbin Pontiac.

Ooeana. A, A. Darling Hart.

Osceola Marcus A. Lafler Hersey.

Ottawa. - Charles S. Faasett Spring Lake.

Saginaw John S. Goodman East Saginaw.

Sanilac George A. Parker Port Samlac.

Shiawassee .Ezekial J. Cook -.0 woaso.

St Clair W, H. Little - Port Huron.

SL Joseph L. B. Antisdale Nottawa.

Tuscola M. M. Jarvis Watrousville.

Van Buren Henry J. Kellogg Lawton.

Washtenaw George A. Wheeler Ann Arbor.

Wayne Lester B. Brown Eawsonville.

Wexford C. L. Frazier Clam Lake.

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There has been no marked change in the afBurs of schools in
this ooonty since lasfc year. Stilly a general improvement can
be noted on every hand. An increased demand has been made
for teachers of good qualifications ; and in only a case or two
hare requests been made to license a teacher becaosc he or she
oonld teach our school. This is a decided change from what
existed three or four years before, when the complaint was
general that too high a standard was required at the hands of
superintendents. Again, the efforts on the part of teachers to
qnalify themselves for their work never was as general here as
it IS at this time. This argues well for the present and the
future. The union and graded schools in this county have
not been able,, in view of accommodations, to afford opportun-
ities for study and review to teachers and others, that have
been very much needed and desired. We look for an improve-
ment in this respect at an early day. This want has been
supplied by the organization of select schools in different parts
of the county. These have been well attended by teachers, and
warmly supported by the people in localities where they were
held. Prominent among them is the select school at Wood
land, where a fall term of ten weeks has been supported dur-
ing the last ^ye years. Under the control of Prof. James
Vesper, it has has maintained an attendance of seventy-five,
and has done much to advance the standing of the schools in
that port of the county.

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During the year I have held two Teachers' Classes ; one at
Orangeyille at the beginning of the year^ was with me an
experiment, and not largely attended ; the other, at Hickory
Comers in the spring, was attended by seventy-five. Methods
of instruction were considered, and classes in the branches
taught in our schools wci'e attended with much interest. These
efforts have been warmly suported by teacher and people, and
from the experience of the past, I am encouraged to labor on
in the same work, confident that what works to the interest of
our teachers works good to our schools.

The nnmber of teachers holding certificates has been con-
siderably above what is required to supply our schools. At
the same time the nnmber of teachers of experience has been
small, and many schools have been supplied with young teach-
eiB, and during the winter several schools failed, owing to a
failure among such to govern and control. In some cafles,
however, district boards failed in their duty to properly sup-
port teachers.

I have met with objections to the county superintendency^
that superintendents aimed to license only enough teachers to
supply schools. Tho following figures must refute all such
objections :

The number of organized districts in the county is 151

Number of teachers employed at one time 1(K)

Whole nnmber of applicants examined 475

*• rejected 99

Certificates granted 376

" of first grade C

" of second grade 70

ofthirdgrade 300

In visitations I have not made it a point to visit the great-
est possible number of schools, but where work was most
needed, I have in many cases made several visits to accom-
plish needed changes. These I have been able to secure in a
good number of schools, and the way is prepared for many

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supbkiktexdent's report. 37

improvements during the next term. About two hundred and
twenty Tisitfi has been made, and yet not all of the schools have
received personal attention daring the year. One and a half
years experience has given me a general knowledge of the
condition of the schools, yet the field is a large one for one
person to give the attention demanded by so many schools. J
find that personal attention to the matter is the best means
to acoomjdish results.

There has been no concert of action to procure a uniformity
of text books ; but commendable progress in this respect has
been made. The power, under the old system, of a teacher to
introdooe any books he might choose, was the great cause of
the variety of books in use. The general supervision of the
aounty aaperintendent most result in a great saving in this
respect, as there is a concert of-^action between district boards,
teachers, and superintendent, and all changes made in a
coonty are in one direction, and that toward uniformity. In
tbia respect our schools are generally in fair condition. Not
many schools in the county have school apparatus worth speak-
ing of. Some have taken measures to supply this want, and
maps, object-lesson cards, etc., come into use in a small num-
ber of schools. Wing's multiplication charts were purchased
by a large portion of the districts at a price &r above their
value. Such a deception does much to retard the purchase of
more useful agencies. About fifty districts have procured
dictionaries during the year, and probably all will have this
most important book of reference before the close of next year.

Township and district libraries are a failure as they are now
managed and supported. In this county there is not one well-
sustained public library outside of the city of Hastings. Ample
provision to repleuish them is not provided, and the meager
sam set apart for their support has been illegally used in many
towns for other purposes. Our young people are not readers
as they should be. No greater want is found among teachers
than a general information, which can and should boaccom-

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38 rcBLic iNSTRUcmoN.

pKshed through this agency. Oan our State do a greater
work in the interest of education than to re-organize our
libraries and provide some regular means for their support ?

During the winter the union building at Hastings was lost
by fire. It was an old building, and very poorly accommodated
the schools of the place. The people of that young and growing
city have taken measures to replace it with one equal to its
wants. A fine union school building will be ready for use
at the commencement of the next school year. Cost, when
finished about $40,000.

The people of the village of Middleville have replaced their
old union building with another at a cost of fifteen thousand
dollars. It will be ready for use January 1st, 1873, and not
only do credit to the enterprise of that village, but meet a most
pressing want of the place and surrounding country.

But three of the districts have built new houses. These are
good ones, and indicate the spirit of the people when they
dispense with the use of old buildings to build in their places
only good ones. These houses are all well furnished and well
adapted to the wants of their sohool.

The board of supervisors have given two hundred and
eighty days as the time of service each year. The experienoe
of the last year has made it necessary to give almost full time
to the work. The last year's labor has been generally a pleasant
one, and the duties of the county superintendent have been
increased, as many more matters of interest in the county are .
in a measure thrown upon him to decide — more than during
the first years of the system. The outlook for the future is
one of promise. We have many good schools and faithful
teachers. Their numbers are gradually on the increase. We
can aflbrd to labor and to wait.

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BAY COUNTY— F. W. Lankexaw, Sup't.

The schools of this county have daring the past year
improved steadily though slowly ; neither has the improvement
been alike in all Ischools, which is dne to varions causes.
Whilst some of the smaller schools have made great progress,
some of the larger ones did not keep pact* with them, — in fact
did little in the way of improvement. I refer specially to those
large schools which should have been graded; but it seems
some school ofBcers do not understand the importance of this

Online LibraryLos Angeles (Calif.). Dept. of Building and SafetyAnnual report → online text (page 3 of 59)