Louisa Jane Shinkle Abbott.

The Shinkle genealogy, comprising the descendants of Philipp Carl Schenckel, 1717-1897 online

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Shinkle Genealogy.




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THE unparalleled ravages and desolations of the
Rhenish Palatinate by the troops of Louis XIV.
of France, and the religious persecution inflicted by
her own Electors, drove many of the unfortunate
Palatines to look about for a land where peace and
freedom could be enjoyed. The first company of forty
emigrants set out for America in 1708. Queen Anne,
desiring to keep her own subjects at home, encouraged
the movement, and many thousands followed, most of
whom settled in Pennsvlvania, attracted by the liber-
alitv of William Penn.


In 17 1 7, Governor Keith, of the Province of Penn-
sylvania, fearing that the practice of importing Ger-
mans who dispersed themselves immediately after
landing, without producing certificates to show who
they were and whence they came, "might be of very
dangerous consequence, since by the same method any
number of foreigners from any nation whatever, en-
emies as well as friends, might throw themselves upon
us," expressed his apprehensions to the Governing

Board, ar.d a measure was subsequently adopted re-



quiring all male immigrants over sixteen years of age
to qualify — /. <?., take an oath of allegiance — immediately
upon their arrival, or as soon thereafter as possible.
They were inarched to the court-house in a body,
though in a few instances they were qualified at the
official residence of the magistrate.

The form of the oath varied from time to time.*
The earliest form declared allegiance to George the
Second, professed abhorrence of the doctrine that
princes excommunicated by the pope may lawfully be
deposed or murdered, and declared that James the Pre-
tender "hath not any right or title whatsoever to the
crown of the realm of Great Britain." Another form
reads: "We, subscribers, natives, and late inhabitants
of the Palatinate upon the Rhine and places adjacent,
having transported ourselves and families into this
Province of Pennsylvania, a colony subject to the
crown of Great Britain, in hopes and expectation of
finding a retreat and peaceable settlement therein, do
solemnly promise and engage that we will be faithful
and bear true allegiance to His present Majesty, King
George the Second, and his successors, Kings of Great
Britain, and will be faithful to the proprietor of this
Province ; and that we will demean ourselves peaceably
to all His said Majesty's subjects, and strictly observe

® It does not appear in the published archives which form of the oath
was subscribed to by Philipp Carl Schenckel.


and conform to the Laws of England and of this
Province, to the utmost of onr power and the best of
our understanding." The lists of signatures, together
with a memorandum of the vessel, the captain's name,
and the port from which they sailed, being kept as
official records, Governor Keith's jealousy of the Ger-
mans, though he afterwards espoused their cause
heartily, has been the direct means of preserving the
names of over thirty thousand German settlers in Penn-
sylvania, with details invaluable to the genealogist.

Governor Thomas said in 1738: "This Province
has been for some years the asylum of the distressed
Protestants of the Palatinate and other parts of Ger-
many ; and I believe it may truthfully be said that the
present flourishing condition of it is in a great measure
owing to the industry of those people."

The first person mentioned in history bearing our
name, so far as we can learn, was one Lambert Schen-
kel, who, about the close of the sixteenth century,
taught in France, Italy, and Germany, a system of
mnemonics, which caused him to be denounced as a
sorcerer by the University of Louvain. He published
at Douai, in 1593, his treatise, De Memoria, with the
sanction of that celebrated theological faculty. The
most complete account of his system is contained in
two works by his pupil, Martin Sommer, published in
Venice in 1619.


Karl Friedrich Schinkel, architect, was born at
Neuruppin, Prussia, March 13, 1781, and studied the
principles of drawing and design at Berlin. In 1820,
he was elected a professor at the Berlin Academy of
Arts. He was one of the most original of modern
German architects. Many public buildings in Berlin
and Potsdam have been erected from his designs, which
are remarkable for the unity of idea by which they are
pervaded, and the vigor, beauty, and harmony of their
details. He died October 9, 1841, and a biography by
Kugler appeared at Berlin the following year.

Daniel Schenkel was born in Switzerland in 181 3,
studied theology at Basel and Gottingen, and became
Professor of Theology, at Basel, in 1849, and at Hei-
delberg in 1 85 1. He has written numerous works on
theology: Christliche Dogma Uk, Das Characterbild
Jesu, Das Wesen des Protcstantismns, and has edited
Allgemeine Kirchliche Zeitschrift, Allgemeine Kirchen-
zeitung, and the well-known Bibcl-lcxicon.

Whether the above are related to each other, or to
those of the name in America, we have not been able
to ascertain.

As there has been and still is some variation in
the spelling of the name, it may be well to state
that in the oldest records of the family it appears as
"Schenckel;" but other forms, such as "Schenkel
"Shenkel," "Shenkle," and "Shinkle," came subse


quently into use. "Shinkle" having obtained the wid-
est currency among the descendants of Philipp Carl
Schenckel, that form of the name is herein adopted
for the sake of uniformity.

By a simple system of registering names — a figure
in parenthesis denoting the number assigned to the
family of the next succeeding generation — lines of de-
scent may be traced backwards or forwards with equal

There will be found in the appendices brief geneal-
ogies of other Shinkles, possibly descended from the
Heinrich and Philip who came to America in the
same vessel with Philipp Carl, and who may therefore
be presumed to have been his brothers.

Among the authorities used in the preparation of
the genealogy, aside from the private records so kindly
placed at our disposal, special mention should be made
of the Second Series of " Pennsylvania Archives ;"
Rupp's "Pennsylvania Immigrants;" "Early Settlers
of Sangamon County, Illinois;" and the County Histo-
ries of Brown County, Ohio; Clermont County, Ohio;
Madison County, Indiana; and Marion County, Indiana.

Errors are, to a certain extent, unavoidable in a
work containing so many names. Great care has been
taken to procure the records of the early generations
from original and authentic sources; and we trust that
the success which has attended our efforts to restore


the early history of the family will compensate for any
errors that may have crept into the later, which in
many instances has been recorded as received, without
special verification. Corrections and additional infor-
mation are solicited from all, to be sent to Louisa J.
Abbott, Estelline, South Dakota.



Showing the location of


Ancestral Home
of He

The Shinkle Genealogy.


Philipp Carl Schenckel (2), son of Nicolas, and
grandson of Bartholomew Schenckel, was a native
of Edenkoben, in the Rhenish Palatinate, Bavaria.
He was born June 8, 1717, and was married June
29 (probably 1745 or 1746), to Maria Elisabetha
Zimpel, daughter of Valentine Zimpel (or Zimbel).
She was born Feb. 28, 17 17, at Edenkoben, and
was baptized the same day, by George Wolfgang
Schaefer, school-teacher in the Reformed Church,

her godfather and godmother being ( )

and his wife Maria Elisabetha. Philipp Carl
Schenckel and family, together with Philip and
Heinrich Schenckel, doubtless his brothers, emi-
grated to America in 1752, taking passage at
Rotterdam in the "Snow Ketty," commanded by
Theophilus Barnes, touching at Portsmouth, Eng-
land, and landing at Philadelphia, where, in com-
pany with his fellow passengers, Carl, as he was
commonly called,* took the prescribed oath of
allegiance, Oct. 16, 1752. He then settled in Hei-
delberg Township, Lancaster co., Pa.f When
the Revolution came on, he disregarded his original
vow, transferring his allegiance to the State of

:s His eldest son writes in the family Bible, " Mein Vater hat geheisen
Carl " (My father was named Carl). The name was signed "Philipp Carl "
to the oath of allegiance in 1752 ; but " Carl " only in 1778.

t Owing to the shifting of county lines, Heidelberg is now the south-
eastern township of Lebanon co.



Pennsylvania, June 22, 1778. His family Bible
(Luther's version, with all Luther's notes and com-
ments, printed at Basel, 1753), is now owned by
his great-grandson, Philip J. Shinkle (fam. 12).
With it has been preserved the oldest known ex-
tant document in the history of the family — the
baptismal certificate of his wife, written in a fine
German hand, with ornamental title. Being faded
too much to admit of successful fac-simile repro-
duction, only the text, with translation, can be


JEin <Iaut=Zcttc[.

So wahr die Tauf von Siinden rein,

Dureh Christi Blut thut wasehen sein,

Wie die christlich' Kirch' verordnet hat,

Ein Godel nnd Vater nebst dem Wasserbad,

Also zum Zeiehen meiner Lieb

Ich dann ihm dies klein Wasehnng und Zeiehen gieb',.

Und wiinsch', dass es in Christo sei

Nunmehr von alien Siinden frei;

Und seine Hebe Eltern mochten erleben

Bei ihm Freud, Lieb, im Heil des Glaubens tragen,

Damit es nach dieser verganglichen Zeit

Moeht' eine Biirgerin sein in der Ewigkeit.

Es versiegle dieses allermeist

Gott, Vater, Sohn und Heiliger Geist.

Actum Edenkoben den 2Sten Februari, 17 17.
Georg Wolfsgang Schafer, Reformirter Schuldiener.

( ) Vater und (...) Hausfrau Maria

Elisabetha, sein Godel, welche das Kindlein heut' dato znr hei-
ligen Tauf gehoben.

[Title on back of certificate.]

Ein Taufzettel nebst dem Pathengeld vor Maria Elisabetha
Zimpel, mannin.


[Translation. |

21 3B apt tenia I Certificate.

As baptism does truly wash clean

From sins through Christ's blood;

As the Christian Church has ordered

A godmother and father besides the water- bath ;

As a sign therefore of my love,

Do I give her this little washing and token,

And hope that in Christ she may be

Evermore from all sins free ;

And that her dear parents may experience

In her joy and love, and rear her in the blessedness

of faith,
That after this transitory time,
vShe may be a dweller in eternity.
May Cod the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost,
Grant this above all.

Done at Edenkoben, February 28, 171 7.

George Wolfsgang Schaefer, school teacher in the Reformed

Church. ( ) godfather and (his) wife Maria

Elisabetha her godmother, who have this day held her for holy

A baptismal certificate, together with the christening money,,
for Maria Elisabetha Zimpel, female.


Fac-simile Autograph of Philipp Carl Schenckel (reduced'.

.ft g^r4^ u X^v $k^/^ 77^S[


% j CU^u^ c^- '7/7 ri f p^^s^i



Translation : " This Bible belongs to Philipp Carl Sche(nckel),
who was born in the market (city) of the Palatine Electorate,
Edenkoben, which lies between Neustadt (on the Haardt) and
Eandau on the canal.

"I was married in the year of Christ, 17 — , the 29th of June.
I was born in the year 17 17, the 8th of June. My father was
called Nicolas, my grandfather was called Bartholomew."

Thus far above; the remainder of the record, translated,
reads: "And my wife was born in the year of Christ, 1717, the
28th of February, [the daughter] of Vallenthin Zimbel. . . .
March 5, 1747, was my son Philipp Jacob born. October 10, 1749,
was my daughter Klara born. July 25, 1751, was my daughter
Elisabeta born. October 25, 1753, was my son Han Philip born.
July 10, 1756, was my son Christian born. November 5, 1759,
was my daughter Margreta born."



Philip Jacob (3), b. Mar. 5, 1747. Private in the Hei-
delberg Company, 1775, Capt. George Hudson.*
Farmer; m. Julia Ann Bolender, sister of Stephen.
She was b. June 22, 1755. They removed to Ohio,
and on Mar. 28, 1805, bought 600 acres of Philip
Bnckner, for $1,500 (now the Tim. Mullen place,
near Feesburg, O.).

Klara, b. Oct. 10, 1749.

ElisabeTha, b. July 25, 1751.

Hanj Philip (4), b. Oct. 25, 1753. Private in the Hei-
delberg Company, 1775, Capt. George Hudson.
Took the oath of allegiance to the State of Penn-
sylvania, in Heidelberg tp., June 22, 1778. Farmer
and shoemaker; in. Barbara Walderin, or Walters.
They removed to Ohio in 1796, taking a flatboat
at Pittsburg, and landing a short distance below
the present site of Higginsport. For several years
the family lived on the flatboat, ready to cut loose
in case of trouble with the Indians. On June 7,
1805, he bought 300 acres of Philip Buckner for
$600 (now the Benj. Griffith farm, near Feesburg).
He was distinguished for honesty of purpose and
generosity to the needy. He d. May 29, 1829, anc ^
his wife Barbara d. Oct. 20, 1847.

:;: "The Heidelberg Company of Associators, commanded by George
Hudson, was called into actual service, and was paid for such service by
Pennsylvania. The company did not participate in any engagements.
[Letter of Wm. H. Egle, State Librarian, Harrisburg, Pa., Sept. 24, 1896.]

|So written in his father's Bible. Han (pronounced Hon) is a con-
tracted form of Johannes-— John.



Christian* (5), b. Heidelberg tp., Lancaster co., Pa.,
July 10, 1756. Private in the Heidelberg Com-
pany, 1775, Capt. Geo. Hudson. Took the oath
of allegiance to the State of Pennsylvania in Hei-
delberg tp., June 22, 1778. Farmer; m. (1) Maria

Magdalena . Removed to Ohio, crossing

the Alleghenies in wagons to Pittsburg, thence by
flatboat, landing at Limestone (now Maysville,
Ky.), where he left his family to seek a location.
On June 15, 1805, he purchased of R. C. Jacobs,
1,000 acres f on Bullskin Creek for $2,000. His
ownership of this tract gave the name of Shinkle's
Ridge to the section of country lying north of
Higginsport. Land was donated by him for a
Church, cemetery and school-house, and he drew
most of the material for the old stone church,
44x64 feet in size, erected in 1821, which has
since given place to a more modern structure.
His wife d. in 1814, and he m. (2) Oct. 2, 1817,
Mrs. Elizabeth Stayton. He d. in 1833.

MargrETa (6), b. Nov. 5, 1759; m. Stephen Bolender,
a farmer, blacksmith, and Dunkard minister. He
was b. Oct. 9, 1756; bought 60 acres in Berks co.,
Pa.; emigrated to Ohio in 1800; bought 200 acres
at Boude's P A erry, below Higginsport, and added
the ferry to his business. "Peggy," as his wife
was familiarly called, learned the blacksmith's art

:: So in his father's Bible ; but in the baptismal certificate of his daugh-
ter Margaret, it is written, " Johan Christian."

t Part of a military survey of 4,000 acres granted by the United States
Government to R. C. Jacobs, as assignee of Henry Willis, a captain to the
United States in the Virginia line on Continental Establishment.


First house built on the 1,000 acre tract ; now used for stable by Harvey

Parks. (Photograph, 1896, hy C. L. Abbott.)


with her husband. An iron wedge and chain of
her manufacture are still shown, with justifiable
pride, by her descendants. She d. in 1802, and
was buried on the farm — the first burial in that
part of the country. He sold this farm and bought
another of 1,342 acres, three miles north-east of
Felicity, O., including the present site of Benton
Church, of Col. Richard Taylor, whose sou Zach-
ary afterwards became President of the United
States. Stephen m. (2), Aug. 19, 1811, Mrs. Eliza-
beth Fitteman, a sister of Thomas Kellum (fam. 3).
She was b. Feb. 14, 1785, and d. Mar. 2, 1861.
Stephen d. Feb. 25, 1820.

Fac-simile entry in the Account Book of Stephen Bolender (fain. 2 , reduced from
original in possession of EH Bolender (fam. 31).


"March 3, 1806, I reckoned accounts with Peter Schenckel.
He still owes 2-j dollars, 1 quarter.

To one grindstone furnished 080

He paid me % dollar 04 6."

[Accounts kept in pounds, shillings, and pence, at 1 shill-
ing = 16% cts. The following items, from various parts of the
book, further illustrate the character of the entries :

To 2 foot ferries, o 10

To 3 bushels wheat, o 90

To making 1 axe o 79

To making 1 mattock 0160

To shoeing i a mare, o 30


The book contains accounts with Jacob Smith, Jacob Fox,
Samuel Tatman, Daniel Fox, Christofel Armacost, Alex. Ken-
nedy, Reuben Young, Jacob Davis, Henrich Mohn, Peter Bo-
lencler (his son), Lige Wiley, William Bockner, Hones Day, Dan
Keeler, Hamilton Miller, Peter Wolf, William Schott, Christian
Snyder, Allen Boys, Christian Schenckel, Jr., Jacob Miller, Will-
iam Crothers, Abraham Meyer, Richard McKinley, Johannes
Halberger, Alex. Hamilton, and others.]


Philip Jacob (7), b. May, 1776; farmer, mechanic, and
cooper; m. at Brush Valley, Pa., Catharine Bush;
remoYed to Brown co., O., where he was justice
of the peace, 181 1 to 1814, and private in the War
of 1812; removed again, about 1828, to Indiana,
entering 160 acres Government land on Indian
Creek, near Oaklandon, Marion co., Ind. (now
owned by Lewis Hausenfaus). He was assessor,
1833-1839, 1840-1841, and d. 1848. His wife went
with her son Benjamin to Iowa, and d. 1872.

PETER (8), b. April 19, 1778; farmer, and Dunkard
minister, near Felicity, O.; m. Barbara Bolender
(fam. 6). He was accustomed to hold religious
services, with the peculiar rites of the Dunkard
faith, in his own barn, as w r ell as in private houses.
His preaching was in the German language, the
growing disuse of which was to him a source of pro-
found regret. He was known and beloved for his
religious talks to children. He is said to have been
the only man in the neighborhood who wore a beard.
He d. July, 1842, and his wife d. July 1, 1833.

Johannes H. (9), b. 1781; farmer, and in later life a



tanner; m. Nov. 19, 1805, Barbara Shinkle (fam. 5).
Moved, 1824, to Connersville, Ind.; in 1831, to
Madison co., Ind.; and in 1839, to Crawford co., Mo.,
where he d. Apr. 22, 1851. She d. Apr. 4, 1864.

Kac-simile Autographs of Johannes Schenckel (fam. 3).

cr^hC^ 1 -^-^^'

Jp $v^

77 f I


" This book belongs to Johannes Sehenekel, who was born
the 6 December, 1781.

Johannes Sehenekel,
Johannes Sehenekel."

Maria Barbara (io), b. 1784; ra. as second wife, Peter
Simon, farmer, near Mt. Zion Church, Felicity, O.
He was b. in Maryland, Mar. 4, 1775; d. July 5,
1840. She d. June 17, 1 868.


Elizabeth (ii), b. Jan. 25, 1787; m. July 5, 1813,
Thomas Kellum, farmer, Feesburg, O. He was b.
on the eastern shore of Maryland, Dec, 25, 1792.
His father d. while Thomas was young, and the
latter came to Ohio before he was twenty, with an
elder brother and his family. Thomas d. Sept. 18,
1873, an d his w if" e ) J an - 2 d> m tn e same year.

Christian W. (12), b. June, 1789; farmer; was m.
Sept. 12, 181 1, by his brother, Squire Jacob Shin-
kle, to Mary Foster. She was b. 1793; moved to
Adams co., O. ; where he d. before i860. She
then lived with her daughter Lois, and d. about
1875. Both were esteemed for their eminently
Christian character. Flax sewing-thread of her
spinning was considered better than any other.

Henry (13), b. 1794; farmer; Feesburg, O.; m. Mar-
garet Shinkle (fam. 5). He d. July 26, 1827, and
she moved to Fayette co., Ind., thence to Madison

co., Ind.; and m. (2), Stover. Moved to

Maries co., Mo., where she d. Dec. 2, 1870. Her
first husband was called "Little Henry."

David (14).

m. Deborah Wisby.


m. Peter Simon, and d. one year after marriage.
He m. (2), her sister Barbara.

Photograph by J. C. Shinkle, from tintype, the only likeness ever taken.



John Lienenger (15), b. Berks co., Pa., Feb., 1783;
m. in Brown co., O., Nov. 7, 1805, Maria Magda-
lena Shinkle (fam. 5). He made annual trips to
New Orleans on a flatboat with farm produce ;
moved with other emigrants to what is now Clear
Lake tp., Sangamon co., 111., arriving Dec, 1826.
He d. Aug., 1827, an d sne d. 1878.

Christian B. (16), b. Apr. 18, 1785, and baptized June
18, 1785, at the Swamp Church, in Heidelberg tp.,
Lancaster co., Pa., his godfather and godmother
being his uncle Christian and his wife Magdalena;
farmer; Higginsport, O.; m. (1), Catharine Shinkle
(fam. 5). She helped him cut wood and split rails,
and cut grain with a sickle. She d. about 181 6.
He was m. (2), May 17, 181 7, by John Ross, J. P.,
to Susannah Reed; moved to Feesburg, about
1850 or 1855, buying a farm from his brother
Henry. He d. Jan. 21, 1873. Susannah d. Oct.
1, i860. Christian's birth and baptismal record,
the earliest in date of a number of similar certifi-
cates still extant, each in like manner bordered
with quaint pictures by a school teacher of the
period, is now the property of Mrs. Lucinda J.
Mullen, who has kindly permitted it to be tran-
scribed: —

"Diesen beiden Ehgatten, als Johan Philipp Schenckel und
seiner ehliehen Hausfrau Barbara, eine geborne Walderin, ist
ein Sonlein zur Welt geboren in Jahr nnsers Herrn Jesu 1785 den
iSten Tag Aprill urn 12 Uhr in der Naeht im Zeiehen dem Lon.

Gott gebe Gnad, Kraft und Starke, dass dieser Christian in


der Furcht zutn Lob und Preis des Herrn moge aufwachsen
und zunehmen in grosser Begierde der verniinftigen lautern
Milch, das urspriingliche Heil der Seelen zu suchen, nach abge-
legtem Glaubens-bekanntniss und Erkanntniss der Siinde durch
wahre Reu und Buse, vor der Christlichen Gemeinde, zur geist-
lichen Wiedergeburt der Heiligen T-auf befordert, und von Jo-
hannes Wahlschmidt, Prediger und Diener des Worts, nach
Christi Befehl, Mathai 28, v. 19, getauft, und in den Gnaden-
Bund Gottes einverleibet worden. Dieser Christian in der
Sehwam Kirche ist, als ein Glied in die Gemeinschaft der Hei-
ligen, durch das Bad der Wiedergeburt und Erneuerung des
Heiligen Geistes, wie St. Paulus lehret, Titum 3, v. 5, 6, 7.
Christian ist auf- und angenommen worden, den iSten Tag
Juni 1785, und durch den wahren Glauben an unsern Erloser
Jesu Christo, des so theuer erworbenen Verdienstes, der himm-
lischen Freuden, und der ewigen Seligkeit Erben eingesetzet.
Mithin vergiss nicht, wie der Apostel Paulus, Collosser 1. v. 12,
14, die Pflicht beschreibet. Saget Dank dem Yater der uns
tichtig gemacht hat, zum Erbtheil der Heiligen im Licht, u. s. w.
Taufzeugen Christian Schenckel und seine Hausfrau Mag-
dalena. Dieser Christian ist geboren und getauft in America,
im Staat Pennsylvania, in Lancaster Count}', in Heidelberg

Wann wir kaum geboren werden ;
Ist vom ersten Lebenstritt
Bis ins kiihle Grab der Erden,
Nur ein kurz gemessener Schritt.
Ach mit jedem Augenblick
Gehet unsre Kraft zuriick,
Und wir sind mit jedem Jahre
Allzu reiff zur Todtenbahre;
Und wer weiss in welcher Stunde
Uns die lezte Stimme weckt?
Denn Gott hat's mit seinem Munde
Keinem Menschen noch entdeckt.

HENRY W. SHINKXE (fam. 4).


Wer sein Hans nun wohl bestellt,
Geht mit Freuden aus der Welt;
Da die Sieherheit hingegen
Ewig's Sterben kann erregen."

[Translation. 1

" To this wedded couple, Johan Philipp Sehenekel and his
wife Barbara (born a Walderin), was born a little son in the
year of our Lord Jesus, 1785, the 18th day of April, about 12
o'clock in the night, in the sign of the Lion.

God give grace, power, and strength, that this Christian may
grow up in fear to the praise and glory of the Lord, and in-
crease in greater desire of rational pure milk, to seek first the
salvation of soitls, after the confession of faith and confession
of sins, through true repentance and penitence made before the

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Online LibraryLouisa Jane Shinkle AbbottThe Shinkle genealogy, comprising the descendants of Philipp Carl Schenckel, 1717-1897 → online text (page 1 of 11)