Louisiana. Railroad Commission.

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or injured, shall be rebuilt or repaired within ninety (90) days from
the date of the accident, unless permission is secured from the Com-
mission, in the interim, not to rebuild or restore the same.

Locating Depots.

77. Permission for the location of depots and the construction of
same must be secured from this Commission. Application for such per-
mits must be accompanied by all information necessary for a full and
proper understanding of all interests to be affected thereby. The Com-
mission reserves the right to pass upon the location of all switches
and spurs.

Switches and Spurs. ;

78. No switches or spurs in use in this State shall be removed or
abandoned without the consent of this Commission.



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Tariffs and Rules Governing Telegraph Companies



79. No telegraph company shall charge or collect more than twenty-
five (25) cents for any message of ten words or less, exclusive of date,
address and signature, between any two points on its lines within the
limits of the State, nor more than two cents for each additional word
on any day message nor more than one cent for each additional word
on a night message.

(Note.-^These are maximum rates, and telegraph companies are
permitted to establish lower rates upon application to the Commission.)

80. All messages offered for transmission must be promptly for-
warded and delivered.

81. No telegraph office where messages are received and trans-
mitted shall be discontinued or abolished without first obtaining the
consent of this Commission, upon an application duly filed by said
company desiring such discontinuance, wherein shall be stated the
reasons therefor.






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Tariffs and Rules Governing Telephone Companies



Rate for Written Messages.

82. No telephone C5ompany shall charge or collect more than twenty-
five (25) cents for any written message of ten words or less, exclusive
of date, address and signature, between any two points on its lines with-
in the limits of the State, nor more than two cents for each additional
word on any day message, nor more than one cent for each additional
word on a night message.

(Note. — These are maximum rates, and telegraph companies are
permitted to establish lower rates upon application to the Commission.)

Messages Must Be Forwarded Promptly.

83. All messages offered for transmission must be promptly for-
warded and delivered.

Discontinuing Telephone Stations.

84. No telephone office where messages are received and trans-
mitted shall be discontinued or abolished without first obtaining the
consent of this Commission upon an application duly filed by the said
company desiring such discontinuance, wherein shall be stated the
reasons therefor.

Advance in Rates.

85. There shall be no Increase in the rates charged for rent of
instruments, or for the use of public station instruments for conversa-
tion, without the consent of the Commission; nor shall any rates be
put in force at new exchanges, or on new toll lines, or elsewhere, before
said rates shall have been authorized by this Commission.

Telephone Service Not to Be Discontinued.

86. No subscriber shall be hindered in the enjoyment of telephone
communication, nor shall instruments be removed from the premises
of subscribers except for failure to pay tarifC rates authorized by this
Commission.

Long Distance Toll Rates.

87. Long distance toll rates from exchanges shall commence from
the long distance toll board, and shall be the same for all subscribers
to the exchange with which they are connected, regardless of the dis-
tance from the subscriber's telephone to the exchange with which he is
connected.

Desk Set Telephones.

88. Where subscribers wish nickel -plated desk set telephones In-
stalled, or an expensive form of cabinet telephone, telephone companies
win be permitted to charge for same twenty-five cents per month over
and above the regular charge for service with standard instruments.



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RULES AND REGULATIONS



Party Line Rates Beyond Exchange Radius.

89. Beyond one and one-half miles, and within three miles from
exchanges, party lines will be installed and maintained at the exchange
rate authorized by the Commission for direct lines within the limits of
one and one-half mil4s.

Direct Lines Beyond Exchange Radius.

90. For direct line service outside of one and one-half miles from
the exchange, and inside of three miles, the rate shall be the authorized
direct line rate, and twenty -Ave cents per month additional for each
half mile, or fraction thereof, beyond one mile and a half from the ex-
change.

Contracts for Telephone Service.

91. Telephone companies shall hereafter be allowed to make con-
tracts with new subscribers > desiring telephone service, to keep the
telephones for a period of twelve months from the date of beginning of
service, at rates authorized by the Commission for the class of service
desired. If any party desires telephone service for a less period of time
than twelve months it shall be furnished at the rates authorized by the
Conunission for the class of service desired; provided, the party desiring
service pays the actual cost of installation.

Private Branch Exchanges.

92. Telephone companies may enter into special contracts for
service of an extraordinary or irregular nature, such as operating branch
exchanges in hotels, constructing and maintaining extra hazardous
lines, and for special service, at rates authorized by the Commission, for
such period of time as may be agreed upon between the contracting
parties; provided, copies of all such contracts for special service shall
be filed with the Commission.

"Exchange Radius."

93. The "exchange radius" shall be and is established At one and
one -half miles from the telephone exchange, except in towns or cities
where the corporation limits are farther from the exchange than one
and one-half miles, in which case the exchange radius shall be the
corporation limits.

(By "exchange radius" is meant that limit or distance from each
exchange, within which subscribers to the exchange are to receive
telephone service at the rates approved or established by the Commis-
sion for the different exchanges throughout the State.)

Second and Third Telephones, Outside of Exchange Radius.

94. When a subscriber on an additional or direct line, outside of the
exchange radius of any exchange in Louisiana, desires a second or third
telephone placed on the direct line, the rate for such second or
third telephone shall be the party line rate for country service for
connection with the exchange from which the subscriber is served.



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RULES AND REGULATIONS 39



Country Party Lines Limited to Five Subscribers.

95. Hereafter no telephone company operating in the State of
Louisiana shall connect more than Ave subscribers on any country line
In the State.

No lines now having more than Ave subscribers shall be disturbed
or disconnected without the consent and authority of the Railroad
Commission of Louisiana, except upon the request of one or more sub-
scribers.

Printing and Posting Telephone Toll Rates.*

96. All telephone companies operating in the State of Louisiana,
and all owners of public telephone lines in Louisiana, shall print in
all of their telephone directories a list of the public telephone stations
on their lines in Louisiana, showing the rate for conversations to such
stations as authorized by the Railroad Commission of Louisiana.

All telephone companies operating in the State of Louisiana, and
all owners of public telephone lines in Louisiana, shall print and keep
posted at all public toll stations on their lines in Louisiana, except at
exchanges where directories are printed, a list of its toll stations in
Louisiana, together with the toll rate to each of said stations as
authorized by the Railroad Commission of Louisiana.

The lists of stations and toll rates required to be printed and posted
by this rule shall be revised and corrected at least once every three
months.



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MISCELLANEOUS RULES



Annual Report.

97. Annual reports shall be required from all railroad, steamboat
and other watercraft, express, telephone, telegraph and sleeping car
companies, and pipe lines, to be filed with this Commission on or by the
15th day of September of each year. These reports to cover the fiscal
year ending June 30 of each year, and must be made in accordance with
the forms prescribed by the Commission.

Failure to Furnish Cars at "Concentrating Points."

98. Whenever a party has received products for concentration or
manufacture at rates authorized or established by the Railroad Com-
mission of Louisiana providing for refunds to be made when the original
product or a certain percentage of the manufactured product is re-
shipped via the carrier on whose line the shipment originated, and the
said party tenders to the originating carrier the return shipments, either
of the original, or the manufactured products, at the rate of two car-
loads every five days, and the .said carrier fails to furnish cars for the
loading and movement of such shipments, then the party receiving the
shipment for concentration or manufacture may ship via another line,
and shall be entitled to all refunds which may be due when such ship-
ments are tendered.

Furnishing Cars of Specified Length.

98 -a. Where shippers order cars of certain lengths and cars of
greater lengths are furnished at carriers' convenience, the minimum
provided in tariff for cars of length ordered will be protected, subject
to actual weight, and provided further that shipment made could have
been loaded into car of the length ordered by shipper. (Order No. 1282,
July 27. 1911.)

Movement of Private Cars.

98 -b. It shall be the duty of the railroad companies, after they have
received private tank cars for handling molasses, either loaded or empty,
for transportation between any two points on their respective lines, or
after they have received cars belonging to them, loaded with molasses,
to move the said cars at the rate of not less than twenty-five (25) miles
per day, Sundays and legal holidays excepted, unless the distance the
cars are to be transported is less; provided, that forty-eight (48) hours
shall be allowed on all cars moving through the switching limits of New
Orleans, and that twenty- four (24) hours shall be allowed at other
points of Initial movement, before beginning the computation of per
diem mileage above provided for; and provided that all delays incident
to storms, overflows, strikes, wrecks, or other causes beyond the control
of the railroad companies, shall be excepted in computing per diem
mileage, as shall also the time necessary for the repairs of these tank



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RULES AND REGULATIONS 41



cars; and provided further, that railroad companies shall not be re-
quired to move said tank cars, destined to or from branch line points
further than the junction point in one day, and such junction point
shall be considered an initial point for further movement.

Railroad companies shall pay to owners or lessees the sum of one
(11.00) dollar per car per day, Sundays and legral holidays excepted, for
every day that the above mentioned private tank cars are delayed be-
yond the time specified in this rule.

Flagging Rules.

♦99. Amended. That when a train stops or is delayed, under cir-
cumstances in which it may be overtaken by another train, the flagman
must go back Immediately with stop signals a sufficient distance to
insure full protection. When recalled he may return to his train,
first placing two torpedoes on the rail, when the conditions require it.
The front of a train must be protected in the same way when necessary
by front brakeman. If the front brakeman is not available, the fireman
must act in his place.

A sufficient distance to insure full protection requires that flagman
shall go back to a point one -fourth of a mile from the rear of his train,
where he must place one torpedo on the rail. He must then continue
to go back at least one-half mile from the rear of his train and place
two torpedoes on the rail not more than two rail lengths apart; he may
then return to within one-fourth mile from the rear of his train, and
remain there until recalled. Should a train be seen or heard approach-
ing, he must remain until it arrives. When he comes in, he will remove
the torpedo nearest to train, but the two torpedoes must be left on the
rail as a caution signal to a following train.

The recall of a flagman is the most critical period, and when there
is not a clear view of at least one -half mile, train must be moved for-
ward a sufficient distance to insure safety before flagman is recalled.

During foggy or stormy weather, or in the vicinity of obscure curves
or descending grades, or when other conditions require it, the flagman
will increase the distance. When the train is flagged, the engineman
must obtain a thorough explanation of the cause, stopping if necessary.

(a) Between sunset and sunrise, the flagman shall, immediately
after he leaves his train, light a red fusee and carry it with him back
one-quarter of a mile to the point where he places the first torpedo,
and must leave a burning fusee at the same point as the first torpedo.

(b) Should the speed of a train be reduced and its rear thereby
endangered, making it necessary to check a following train before a
flagman can get off, a lighted fusee must be thrown on the track at
intervals to insure the safety of the leading train.

(c) When a flagman Is sent out with specific instructions affecting
the rights of trains, such instructions must be in writing.



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42 RULES AND REGULATIONS

(d) When a flagman is sent to a station on a train, he will ride on
the engine, and engineman must stop and let him off at the first, switch.

It is further

ORDERED, That the above rule shall be printed and distributed at
once by the various railroads in Louisiana among their trainmen, and
all conductors and flagmen, and others in charge of trains, shall be
required to familiarize themselves therewith. Flagmen shall be ex-
amined upon this rule, and other operating rules prescribing their
duties, by proper ofl^cials of their respective companies at least once
every year, and when so examined, if found competent to continue in
the service, they shall be given a certificate by the examining officer
to that effect. Before allowing a flagman to enter upon his duties on
a train operating in Louisiana, he shall be examined on the above rule
and the operating rules of the company pertaining to his duties. Records
of all examinations held must be kept in the superintendent's office
in Louisiana of each railroad, subject to inspection upon demand by
the Commission at any time. This examination may be either oral
or in writing, the object being to ascertain, by questioning, whether the
employee is familiar with his duties. No flagman shall be permitted to
flag on any train in Louisiana until he has served an apprenticeship
as a flagman of not less than thirty (30) days, and made at least two
trips over the route which will be the run of the train to which he is
assigned, with an experienced flagman.

(2) That no employee shall be promoted to the position of flagman
until he has served in the capacity of brakeman or switchman for a
period of six months; provided, that on freight trains he may serve in
the capacity of both brakeman and flagman, provided he has had the
required thirty days' experience as flagman.

All rates, rules, regulations and orders in conflict herewith are
cancelled. (Order No. 1517, February 20, 1913, as amended by Order
No. 1551 of April 17, 1913.) (Black-face type are changes made by
Order No. 1551.)

Amendment to Flagging Rule.

It is hereby ordered that railroads operating in Louisiana may
employ as flagmen men who have had one year or more experience in
train service with other common carrier railroads, who, in the judg-
ment of the superintendent of the railroad employing such flagrmen, are
competent to flll the positions as flagmen, it being hereby made the
duty of such railroad company, before such men are employed in the
capacity of flagmen, to study carefully the flagging rule prescribed by
the Railroad Commission, and to satisfy the superintendent of the com-
pany employing such flagmen, through oral examination, that they are
thoroughly familiar with the same, and competent to Carry out its
requirements. Before such men may be put to work as flagmen, they
must also be carefully examined as to the operating rules of the rail-



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RULES AND REGULATIONS 43

road coinpany by which they are to be employed, and must pass an
examination upon such rules, either oral or written, which will satisfy
the superintendent that they are fully qualified to perform their duties.
The portions of Orders 1517 and 1551 heretofore adopted which are
in conflict with this rule are hereby cancelled. (Order No. 1623, October
21, 1913.)

Switch Lights.

100. All railroads in the State of Louisiana, where night trains
are scheduled, be, and they are hereby, required to m'aintaln and keep
lighted during the hours between sunset and sunrise, switch lights on
all main track, yard and terminal switches, and at such other points as
may be deemed reasonable and necessary for the safe operation of trains.
Where switches are such as no additional protection is afforded by
switch lights or where the same are protected by other standard devices,
such as automatic block signals, no lights shall be required. (Orde?
No. 1697, March 24, 1914.)



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Rules Governing the Installation and Mainten-
ance of Interlocking Devices and the Protect-
ion of Yard Crossings Not Interlocked.
Stopping at Crossings.



101. Section 1. It shall be the duty of all railroad companies
operating in Louisiana, as an incident to the service they perform and
as a matter of safety to passengers, to require all trains to stop not less
than two hundred feet before crossing the track or tracks of another
railroad at grade; and if the view is obstructed trains must not proceed
until a flagman is sent ahead and the way known to be clear; provided,
that when a grade crossing is protected by an interlocking device, which
has been approved by the Railroad Commission, trains may proceed
over such crossing without stopping.

Where there is a clear and unobstructed view, trunk line trains will
HDt be required to stop at narrow gauge cane track crossings. Gates
must be set to clear trunk line trains when these cane tracks are not
in use. (Order No. 1708, March 26, 1914.)

Installing Interlockers.

Sec. 2. Where a railroad company desires to protect an existing
grade crossing by an interlocking device, and cannot agree with the
other road at interest as to the terms and conditions under which such
interlocking device shall be constructed, maintained and operated, such
road may apply to the Railroad Commission by petition for an order
requiring installation of the interlocking device; and, if after investiga-
tion the Commission decides an interlocking plant to be necessary, it
will order the same installed. The cost of installation and maintenance
shall be decided on the basis of the number of levers required to operate
the switches and signals of each road and the expense of operation
shall be divided equally between the roads interested.

Prorating Cost of Installation.

Sec. 3. When one railroad desires to cross the track or tracks of
an existing railroad, and the two railroads cannot agree as to the cross-
ing, the matter shall be referred to the Railroad Commission. If, after
investigation, the Commission decides an interlocking plant to be neces-
sary, it will order the same installed, the cost of installation shall be
paid by the railroad desiring to cross the existing railroad. The cost of
maintenance shall be divided on the basis of the number of levers
required to operate the switches and signals of each road, and the
expenses of operfition shall be divided equally between the roads at
interest.



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RULES AND REGULATIONS 45

Commission May Order Interlocking Plant Installed.
Sec. 4. If, In the opinion of the Commission, an interlocking device
is needed at any grade crossing, due notice will be given the roads
Interested, and a hearing had. If, after investigation, the Commission
decides an interlocking plant to be necessary, it will order the same
installed, the cost of installation, maintenance and operation to be
divided as provided for in Section 2.

Crossings in Yards.

Sec. 5. Nothing in these rules shall apply to grade crossings within
yards where other satisfactory methods of protecting the movement
of trains are provided, or where the operation of an interlocking device
would be impracticable.

Existing Contracts.
Sec. 6. Nothing in these rules shall have the effect of abrogating
any existing contracts or agreements between railroad companies rela-
tive to the expense of installing, operating or maintaining interlockinii^
devices at railroad crossings in this State.

Changing Rules.
102. The Commission reserves the right to suspend or modify the
enforcement of any of its Rules and Regulations at its discretion.
Baton Rouge, Louisiana, January 1, 1915.

RAILROAD COMMISSION OF LOUISIANA:

SHELBY TAYLOR.

Chairman;
B. A. BRIDQES,
JOHN T. MICHEL,
HENRY JASTREMSKI, Commissioners.

Secretary.



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DEMURRAGE RULES.



Order No. 1131.
(Cancels Order No. 653.)

103. At a general session of the Railroad Commission of Louisiana,
held in its office in the Capitol, at Baton Rouge, Louisiana, on March
23, 1910, the Chairman, J. J. Meredith, and Commissioners C. L. de
F\iente8 and Shelby Taylor, being present, it was

ORDERED, That the following Uniform Demurrage Rules, as ap-
proved by the National Association of Railway Commissioners, in con-
vention at Washington, D. C, in November, 1909, be, and the same are
hereby, adopted and approved for use in the State of Louisiana, at all
points where Demurrage and Car Service Rules apply:

Rule No. 1. — Cars Subject to Rule.
Cars held for or by consigrnors or consignees for loading, unloading,
forwarding directions, or for any other purpose, are subject to these
Demurrages Rules, except as follows:

(a) Cars loaded with live stocks

(b) Empty cars placed for loading coal at mines or mine sidings, or
coke ovens.

(c) Empty private cars stored on carrier's or private tracks, po-
vided such cars have not been placed or tendered for loading on the
orders of a shipper.

Note. — Private cars while in railroad service, whether on carrier's
or private tracks, are subject to these Demurrage Rules to the same
extent as cars of railroad ownership.

(Empty private cars are in railroad service from the time they
are placed by the carrier for loading or tendered for loading on the
orders of a shipper. Private cars under lading are in railroad service
until the lading is removed and cars are regularly released. Cars which
belong to an industry performing its own switching service are in rail-
road service from the time they are placed by the industry upon desig-
nated interchange tracks and thereby tendered to the carrier for move-
ment. If such cars are subsequently returned empty they are out of
service when withdrawn by the industry from the Interchange; if re-
turned under load, railroad service is not at an end until the lading is
duly removed.)

Rule No. 2. — Free Time Allowed.

(a) Forty-eight hours (two days) free time will be allowed for
loading or unloading on all commodities.

(b) Twenty-four hours (one day) free time will be allowed:

1. When cars are held for reconsignment or switching orders.



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RULES AND REGULATIONS 47

2. When cars destined for delivery to or for forwarding by a con-
necting line are held for surrender of bill of lading or for payment of
lawful freight charges.

3. When cars are held in transit and placed for inspection or
grading.

(c) Cars containing freight for tran- -shipment to vessel will be
allowed such free time at the ports as may be provided in the tariffs
of the carriers.

Rule No. 3. — Computing Time.
Note. — In computing time Sundays and legal holidays (national,
state and municipal) will be excluded. When a legal holiday falls on a
Sunday, the following Monday will be excluded.

(a) On cars held for loading, time will be computed from the
first 7 a. m. after placement on public delivery tracks.



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