Louisiana Sugar Chemists' Association Louisiana Sugar Planters' Association.

The Louisiana planter and sugar manufacturer, Volume 22 online

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1895-96, 14.400; 1896-97, 60,536; 1897-98.
107,388.— London Profluc^ MftrteUi Review,

Digitized by


April 8, 1899.]




Ascension. ^


EdUor Louisiana Planter:

ThQ weather continues to turn the cold
shoulder toward the sugar interests of this
section. What is particularly desirable just
now is warm itemperature with frequent
rains -to hasten germination and growth of
of the feeble and almost quiescent buds of
our stubble and plant cane; what we are
getting is unseasonably cold, dry weather,
ibe already dubious pix>spect is therefore
growing daily more so, and even the most
nopeful of our planters and managers are
beginning to fear that their erstwhile con-
naeni anticipations of fairly good stands,
are in danger of disappointment Much cane
that would doubtless amount to something
if it could have the fructifying Influence of
genial temperature and moisture is in dan-
ger of deach from the inanition produced by
arouth and oold.

After several months of innocuous desue-
tude far as the holding of its formal
monthly sessions was concerned, the Ascen-
sion Granch Sugar Planters' Association of
Louisiana came to the fore last Tuesday
with the ibest meeting that has taken place
in the rooms of the oirganization since the
annual gathering last May. Hon. Henry Mc-
Oall occupied the presidential chair and Hon.
Paul Leche officiated as scribe, as usual
while the attendance of members included
Dr. W. M. McGallard, Ernest H. Barton,
B. N. Pugh, R. McCall, J. Lebermuth, W. I.
Barton, Myer Lemann, Henry C. Brand, Dr.
J. D. Hanson, F. B. Lemann, C. Kline, Dr.
E. K. Sims and L. E. Bentley.

After disposing of the routine business, in-
cluding reading of minutes and* the secre-
tary-treasurer's report, the subject of tihe
next meeting, when the annual election of
officers is to be held, was taken up for dis-
cussion. A lengthy and interesting debate
upon the condition and prospects of the
community in general and the sugar indus-
try in particular ensued, and wihile there was
some doubt expressed as to the propriety of
indulging in anything that savored of a jol-
lification at a period of such uncertainty and
threatening disaster 'as this, Mr. Henry C.
Grand 's reminder that next month's assemibly
will take place upon the association's fif-
teenth anniversary, led to the unanimous con-
clusion to com^memonate the occasion with
a dinner. Founded in 1884, the Ascension
Branch Sugar Planters' Associa^on has been
Intimately identified not only with (the su-
gar 'interests, but all other industries, enter-
prises and movements affecting the progress
and material welfare of the community. Few
organizations of its character have exercised
a wider or more heneficlal influence pro bono
publico, and all who have had a part in its
work during the paat fifteen years can point
to its record with pardonable pride.

Messrs. Henry C. Brand, Col. A. D. Vega
and L. B. Bentley were appointed as the

dinner committee, and if they are fortunate
enough to provide as satisfactory a "feast
of reason and flow of soul" as last year's,
there will be no cause for complaint either
from a gastronomic or intellectual stand-
point Mr. Myer Lemann had the honor
of making the motion that produced the
happy solution of the dinner problem, and
he and Mr. Brand were warmly congratu-
lated for the perspicuity and finesse they
displayed in (bringing harmonious unanimity
out of tempocrary chaos and seemingly irre-
concilable differences on the momentous
question, "To eat or not to eat?"

As this letter closes, Wednesday night, a
oold drizzle has set in, and if the rain will
keep coming down and the thermometers
will go up, there will be much thanksgiv-
ing in Ascension.



Editor Louisiana Planter:

The weather has been favorabe enough
during the past week, only the mornings
are rather cool, and the cane does not come
out as rapidly as our people would like to
see it. The old adage about the watohed
pot never boiling may be appropriately ap-
plied, and we hope that the warm and much
needed rain that is falling at this writing
wHi bring the crop out and dispel the fears
of the planter. Everybody finds his work
well advanced, and there Is a splendid stand
o! corn up throughout the parish.

A buggy trip from Plaquemine to White
Castle shows the roads to be in excellent
condition and we hope they will be thus
maJntalned throughout the year. Cane in
several places is beginning to mark the row
nicely. Water was running through the
rice flumes at Last Hope Plantation of Mr.
J. D. Berrett, and the Duniboyne Plantation
of Mr. Alonzo Landry, and mechanics were
putting In order the flume of Mr. Oscar
D. Billon at Upper Elmer Plantation.

The rice planters have had fine weather
for their work and the larger part of their
planting has already been made. Owing to
the high stage of the water In the river the
flooding is accomplished easily and with
little expense. Messrs. Babin Bros, of St.
Gabriel had planted up to Tuesday 375 acres
at Indian Camp.

The sale of the Margaret Plantation near
SL dabrlel, from the heirs of the late Se-
bastian Swoop to Mr. William Joseph O'Nell
was flled at the clerk's office last week. The
consideration paid was $8000, and all CLgree
that Mr. O'Nell got the cheapest plantation
that has been sold In this parish for some

Mr. D. Hickey Walsh of Plaquemine, the
popular manager of Hon. A. H. Gay's Union
Plantation, has invented a most excellent
cane sling, consisting of two lengths of suit-
able chain, connected together at one end
and having hopks at the other provided with
slotted hasps or keys. The ring oonnecting
the two elfins serves also to connect the

sling with the hoisting device. These slings
were used last year on the Union Plantation,
where some 27,000 tons of cane were trans-
ferred from cars to carriers at a cost not
exceeding 3^ cents pe^ ton.

Mr. John M. Keith, a member of the firm
of Anderson, Keith & Co., of Memphis, Tenn.,
was mafl*rled on Wednesday to Mrs. Marie
Eugenie Folse, widow of the lat^a Desire P.
Landry. Mr. Keith has had* his headquarters
at White Castle for some time and has been
a large and active buyer of the sugr and
molasses made in this parish. Mr. and Mrs.
Keith win reside at the beautiful home on
Nottoway Plantation, of which Mrs. Keith
is half owner.

Tiie session of the district Court continues.
The grand jury, unlike Its predecessors,
carried its sitting Into this week, expecting
to investigate the infractions of the Sunday
law, selling liquors to minors, slot machines
and the like. After due consideration of
the matter. and a tacit understanding that
violations of that character would cease, the
Inquisitors adjourned last Tuesday after re-
quec^tlng the district judge to instruct the
parish officers to help enforce these laws; and
agreeably to this request. Judge Talbot or-
dered the sheriff to notify all merchants and
saloon keepers of the wishes and intentions
of the grand jury, and that that body would
be assembled in May. June and September
tt> see if the laws have been enforced.




Editor Louisiana Planter:

Latterly the -weather has been variable, and
too cool for the rapid growth of plants which
is witnessed in the gardens and fields where
progress has been retarded by the absence
of heat, so necessary to health development
In some sections of the parish the want of
adequate moisture is a source of anxiety to
planters, and fears are entertained for canes
planted since the freeze in February. Gen-
erally the first planted corn came up a good
sUnd, but replanting has been resorted to
as the ravages of the worms in some parts
of the parish destroyed the firtft seeding.
The frost of last week not only retarded
the growth of the com, hut tinted it yellow.
The light showers which have Callen In
some localities were rapidly evaporated by
the oool north winds. The varied reports
as to seed cane and stubble seemingly upset
theories and preconceived opinions.

It has been generally conceded that tihe
red cane is the hardiest, yet in some in-
stances this year it has been so defective
as to be imfit for seed, yet Creole oane near-
ly windrowed on the same day and under
like conditions kept well. In some instances
seed oane windrowed on low hlack soils has
kept better than when the soil was sandy
and better drained. When the cane was
moderate in quantity there, It has generally
kept the best As to the stubble» it is very

Digitized by




[Vol. XXIT, No. 14.

perplexing— some fields well worked and laid
by with -ample earth, show .but indifferently
and others again begin to mark the row.
Mr. Breaux, the manager of Belle Farm of
Mr. C. W. Gocage, Informed the writer that
the beet stubble on the place is on black
land which he never could lay by last year
owing to the incessant rains. The stubble
was shallow and very much exposed to the
effects of low temperatures. In this parish
the rainfall was very light in January until
the twenty-seventh of the month, and no
rain of any magnitude fell again until the
middle of February. The chances of a stub-
ble crop here are better than when the
rains were heavy in January and pan of

On Thursday, ahove and in town the
showers were light, t)ut below on Wood-
lawn and Ashland of Messrs. Cailluet and
Maginnis' there was a seasonable rain, also
at Presquille of Messrs. Gueno Bros., Front
Lawn, the estate of the late Mr. A. Boud-
reaux, and on part of Myrtle Grove of Messrs.
Barrow & Duplantis. Mr. Cailluet is very
hopeful of the crop and anticipates a better
stand of oane than was hoped for two weeks

The ratoons begin to mark the row well in
places, and on Woodlawn the writer saw
the most promising stand of plant cane s^en
thus far this season. The cane was planted
before the freeze and covered not very
heavily. The firs^t planted oane there on
sandy soil is not so promising — ^^the ground
being colder.

Judge Caillueft opened court on Monday,
fiiut there are no cases of public interest.
The telephone line is nearing completion,
and they are now putting the wires in place.


St. Mary.

The condition of the cane crop around the
Irish Bend is none of the best. Though the
germinating season is moving along, the am
does not seem to move with it very fast.
Much of the stubble and a larger percentage
of the plant than most people would like, is
virtually spoiled. The crop in that locality
will be short b^^ona a ..oubi and the qaanti-
ty will be too large lor the l}eneflt of the
country. In some places corn i& coming up
and shows a good stajid, but the cane along
that long stretch of magnificent plantations is
certainly a sorry looking sight, especially
is this so with reference to the fall plant.

The rain of last Tuesday was a blessing t3
vegetation. With a few weeks of the proper
kind of weather, we can all tell what the
prospects .of the comjng season will be. At
present they are none the best.

Another streak of phenominal weather
came forth on Tuesday morning resulting in
the development of a heavy frost on Wedn^-,-
day. This is another set back to both garden
and the cane crops.

A representative of the Vindicator-News
went over the route of the proposed uTain-
age canal last Monday. The canal will have

one croak of about 30 degrees from I'oscov's
drainer to the mouth of -Mayer's bayou, thj
remaining poivion of the line will be straight
from the tanks to that point. The length of
the canal will be about two miles— ane-haif
of its length being throu^;h a marsh which
at present rcprsseuts no value whatever, but
will be nia-'le vakiablc when the canal is
Ilnislied. We do not know what fall thj
levels of the engineer will show, ;;ut we
presume it will 1;.^ aoju: Sivm fec-t fum V:s
&:arting point. If so It will give us a m.'st
complete system of drainage, and besides a
commercial aitsi'y to the s.m for such si.i.i'.l
cratt as will find Franklin the best and
shortest route, as \vt;ll as the best marke^
for the immense fi&h and oyster tiade. Let
us have the canal. — Vindicator-News.



Editor Louiiiiana Planter:

The weather for the past week has been
more favorable for farm work as well as
more stimulating to the young crop than the
two weeks preceding. On Tuesday last, a
nice spring rain visited this section, which
was followed by another a few da>s later.
These rains were very much needed, and
though the rainfall was not sufticient to
meet all requirements it was very beneficial.
Cne drawback during this time was a spell
of very cool weather; ice was very much
in evidenc3 on Wednosd :y morning, hut
tliere was no dariage to the young corn or
tho early vegetables. The cool spell lasted
for two or th ^^e davs, and it is feared that
cane will be checke.l in coming up and that
c:.:-wor:us will destroy considerable corn,
as this kind of weather is their native ele-
ment. The wearher. however, has changed,
and to-day, Mon lay, is very dark and
cloudy and favors rain very much. Cane
plaL'.Ing is about < .>.ripleted— 'there is still a
ragged end to fn.ish up. The cane that
wjs planted imnif^diati^ly after Jie weather
cleared up in February, is coming up very
nicely and stubMcs 'thar were off-oarred and
shaved two or throe v.-ooks ago. jn^. novv
marking the rows in some secti.ins. The
cane plan-tcrs are more hopeful now of a
fiirly goo:l stand of br>rh plinl and scub-
r)]p ' hin they have ever been since the
freeze. With a g)jJ rain now, me ijtand ct
cane coul;l h? d' idnl on within a week's
' ime. The weather has been so dry and ':he
ground so cold since it was planted :hat in
many places it has hardly commenced to
sprout. The PIai.r»^r coru^spvindenr drove
over vhe cane se'"f:on of .tie parish j1;)n.; the
Jheria and Vermilion Railroad a few days
ago, and we fou:;d ili :t in the Del cam bre
country, on the dividing line between Iberia
and Vorm'lioTi IVuishes the sLuhble canes
seem to be damag«Mi very badly, as it is also
r.-ounJ IMulft .1^ r.n.l l.^-'s cv/iuhts in Iberia
riri.-h. Scubble.s on gre>. h,am,
where well-drained are much beuer thau
:hose on •black. stilT lautls. The Caffery
Central Sugar Refinery and Raijroad Com-

pany, i^imited, of Franklin, La., has confi-
d:nce in the coming crop in as much as vhey
have cdL^icTl the field already to close con-
1 1 acts for all delivery. The people along
the I. & V. Ry., have confidence in the Caf-
fery and are closing contracts with them
readily. This staunch and upright institu-
tion has been standing by the people of Ver-
milion tor several years and the cane grow-
ers appreciate it, and to show their apprecia-
tion they are staying with them. The pres-
ent nianagement of the Caffery has proved
very satisfactory, and Mr. L. Forsyth, Jr.,
tii3 superintendent ^nd assistant general
n:i,nagcr has completely gained -the confi-
d;nce of our cane growers and will have
but little trouble to hold it.

Early planting of corn is coming up nicely,
and if the insects will not make an inroad
into it, the stand will be perfect. The acre-
age will bo very large this jear. The rapid
:;/Jvance in the price of corn here for the
pa.vt 15 days has stimulated farmers to plant
more corn. The price of corn rose from 50
cents to 90 cents per barrel in oibout 10
days, and the price is still on the advance.

Rice lands are being put in order as rapid-
ly as possible and .seeding has begun in earn-
est. Coc.jn planting is nearing a finish; the
acieage will be nearly double that of 181)8.

P. C. M.



Editor Lu.nauiiui IHanter:

Clool days and nights prevailed during the
p:ist v,'cck and up to the morning of the 3rd
i:}-:. vvhen it began to grow warmer and
c iv..'::,\ threatening rain.

i'iOia vrhat has "been learned, it seems that
cjrn is coming up to a nice even stand,
1* : o-';\iVi^ :o the Noi-th winds, which pro-
ail. ) tor some days past, the young plants
' ^ jf : look altogether as fresh and vigorous
a.-i :.noy would had the weather been warmer
ap(i mjre lefreshing ta plant life. However.
-'e tinners are not disposed to complain,
IdTterring to drive all farmwork forward to
f'V^ l)es: a-lvantage under present conditions
'■'' t'"" Ihm h^Wv.i -that as the days grow
! )iigt r. thf sun will warm up the air and the
season improve -to the bpnetit of all growing
ci ops.

v.iae is coming up slowly, br.t it is to be
'•''p i r")e: ': make something profita-
.. '. i AQTG is much anxiety ftU in regard -to
ihe siau'i of cane expected.

'i'aeie is uul a cane raiser chat I know of
in tu? paiishes of St. Landry, Avoyelles and
' I * i' ^. buc who is anxious to make some
I . .e, be the (onnage ever so light, that it
nie> b^ feserved for seed for planting next
S'Mson'b crop. 1^'rom present indicatians I
i! ril-. very much if 'there will be a factory
in L e o.ii Ish that will aotempt to manufac-
ure a pound of sugar this coming grinding
..•.i;>jn, of course, 'the cane now com-
>.); ti]) should develop a tonnage much above
pir-^cnt expectations by the time this naonth
has come to its close. Providing favorable

Digitized by


April 8, 1899.]



weather has prevailed, the cane growers will
then be in a fairly good position to know
about what their prospects for cane are to
be for this season.

Some of my farmer friends who o'b'tained
samples of seedling cane from Prof. Stubbs
last fall, met with the misfortune to loose
It In the IS'th of February freeze. The ten
stalks which were received by the Planter's
scribe and carefully planted partly escaped
the freeze, on examination I found some of
•the stalks injured and the eyes killed. The
afTeoted joints were cut off, and the sound
looking part of cane and eyes planted, and I
am proud to say it is now coming up through
the soil to meet and greet the light and air,
to make growth.

The farmers are now busily engaged plow-
ing and preparing the soil for the reception
of cotton seed.

Those who could afford to do so, com-
menced to plant cottcfti last week and will
continue to plant as the ground is prepared
during this and next week.

Two well-known gentlemen, one of them
a planter and the other a mechanic, Eave
sf't about perfecting a cotton-picking ma-
chine on new and entirely different prin-
ciples from any machine of the sort hereto-
fore set up. For the present I am not at
liberty .to mention the details of the ma-
chine, more than to state the project seems
to look feasible.

I find that the farmers are looking forward
lO planting and growing more of forage
plants, such as sorghum, millet, peas and
velvet beans than has heretofore been the

A warm April shower would be quite bene-
filclal at this time to break the hard crust
which has Tormed on much of the late seeded
and plowed lands. During the morning of
th? 4th, the wind changed around to the
KDrth. bringing with it cloudy and cool
weather, not at all agreeable to the farm-
ers, now so anxious to see their crops up
above ground and growing. Warmer weather
and refreshing showers at this date would
be pleasing and beneficial to all who culti-
vate the soil. Erin.

The Manufacture of Sorghum Sugar.

The manufacture of sorghum sirup has
changed but little in the past forty years.
The processes now used are essentially the
same as then. This lack of progress is in
striking contrast wiOi the improvements
which have been made in nearly all other
manufactures during that period. In 1860
the production of sorghum sirup amounted
to 6.749,123 gallons; in 1870, 16,050,089; and
in 1880, 28,444,202. In 1890 the production
had fallen to 24,235,218 gallons, and it is be-
lieved that there has been a still further de-
cline since then.

Sorghum is grown to a greater extent in
this country than any other sirup-producing
plant, and its juice can be made to produce
sirup of as good quality as sugar-cane sirup.
The manufacture of sorghum sirup has de-

clined because the quality of the sirup is
such that others sirups are preferred by the
general pu*blic, since It ranks in the north-
ern markets mlth the middle grades of
Louisiana centrifugal molasses. By im-
proving the value of sorghum sirup the de-
mand may . be increased, its value raised,
and its manufacture extended.

For the purpose of calling attention to the
condition of this industry and to the difficul-
ties of sorghum si lUI) manufacture, and with
the hope of inducing sirup-makers to im-
prove their processes, the United States De-
partment of Agriculture has had prepared
and will soon issue Farmers' Bulletin No.
90, entitled, "The Manufacture of Sorghum
Sirup." This bulletin was prepared by A.
A. Denton, I^Tedicine Lodge, Kans., and dis-
cusses the entire subject of the manufacture
of sorghum sirup, from the planting of the
sorghum seed and cultivation of the plant,
through the various processes to the finished
product. * Sorghum sirup and sugar-cane
sirup are compared, statistics of sorghum
production are given, and the necessity of
improving the methods of clarification, es-
pecially In the semi-arid region, is pointed

Other matters which receive attention are
the preparation of soil; planting and cul-
ivation of sorghum; grinding cane; clarify-
ing the juice; settling tanks for hot and
cold clarification; skimming, settling and
filtering; claying, evaporating and clarify-*
Ing by superheating the juice. — Phllad. Man-

Cane Buying in Queensland.

Amongst other matters referred to by the
chairman of the Mount Bauple Central Mill
Company at the annual meeting last Satur-
day, as reported In the "Maryborough
Chronicle," was that of the cost of manufac-
ture. He said. — With regard to the cost of
manufacture there was a decided Improve*-
ment, but the quality of the sugar had been
rather a low one. During the year the direc-
tors had the advice of their chemist, Mr.
Steele, on the matter, and one thing that had
caused a good deal of dissatisfaction among
the shareholders and the suppliers of cane
was the decision of the mill manager and
directors to make certain deductions owing
to the inferior quality of cane that was de-
livered for a time. He knew that It had
caused a good deal of dissatisfaction, and al-
though the directors understood what was
the cause of it, he thought it would be advis-
able in the Interests of the mill that the
shareholders had a knowledge of it, and he
r^ad a short extract from the report
of Mr. Steele . as follows: "The dis-
graceful state of the bulk of the
cane, regarding entirely Insufficient
topping, calls for strong comment. No
effort whatever seems to be made on the part
of canegrowers to remedy this state of affairs.
In spite of notices sent to them, and percent-
age deductions made on the cane at the

weighbridge. In the present state of affairs
the manager would be thoroughly justified in
absolutely refusing to take delivery of the
cane which was insufficiently topped, and
even in closing the mill if no improvement
takes place in this matter." The report went
on very much in the same manner all
through, and in face of this the shareholders
must be quite satisfied that the directors and
those In charge did their duty in making the
reductions. There would always be aji
amount of dissatisfaction in this respect, and
the only remedy was by making the deduc-
tions on the chemical results of the cane.
Other mills were doing this, but whether it
was possible for it to be done in that mill
was a matter for the directors and the share-
hofders to consider. Mr. A. B. Martin, late
manager of the Marion Central Mill at Mac-
kay, who had a long experience In sugar
manufacture and canegrowing, had. been ap-
pointed manager of the company, and would
start upon his duties in a few days. With re-
gard to the quantity of improvements ef-
fected, he said that the retiring directors last
year brought forward a report from Mr, Fid-
des, intimating that improvements and ex-
tensions up to £5600 would have to be ex-
pended on the mill and tramway before they
would be able to do the work properly, and
the result was he had waited upon the Hon.
D. H. Dalrymple for a loan to that extent,

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