Lucy Abigail Brainard.

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Maria Brainwood, filia Thomae, baptised Augustus 15, 1585.

Guilielmus Braywood, filius Abraha baptised, October 1, 1587.

Richardus Brainwood, filius Rici, baptized, October 10, 1596.

Elizabetha Braynwoode, filia Eechardi Braynwood, baptised, August
21, 1603.

Jacobus Braywod, filius Reohardi Braywod, baptised December 16. 1604.

Margareta Brainwood uxor Guili. sepulta est September 14, 1575.

Jeremias Braynewood filius Guili, sepultus Augustus 8, 1578.

Ida Braynewood, uxor Thomae sepulta September 16. 1586.

Guilielmus Braynewood filius Abraha sepultus 27 Januarius 1587/8.

Thomas Brainwood sepultus September 21, 1593.

Joana Breynwood uxor Thomae sepulta 27 Junius 1595.

Thomas Braynewood filius Richardi Braynwood sepultus 22 December

Francisca Braynwood uxor Richardi Braynewood sepulta November 6,

Eduardus Braynwood filius Reehardi Bravnwood sepultus January 3,

Thomas Braynwood sepultus January 4, 1606/7.

Richardus Braynwood filius Nicholaij Braynwood sepultus 26 August

Richardus Braynwood sepultus June 27, 1612.

Margareta Braynwood vidua sepulta 28 October 1623.

Johnes Baldwin et Joan Brainwood nupti 15 Junius 1598.

Richardus Braynwood et Jone Paul nupti 5 February 1600/01.

Johnes Phillips viduus & Jona Braynwood vidua nupti 19 January

From Water's Genealogical Gleanings in England :

Oct. 16, 1638. John Brainwood of Rumford, Essex, carpenter, bachelor,

aged 21, and Alice Johnson, maiden, aged 21, of St. Martin's in the Fields,

at St. Paul's Covent Garden.


In the early days of my work some few expressions of loyalty to
the supposed early style of spelling the name were aroused. In not
more than two instances have I found the name written Brainwood
in the early records, which, by a quick pronunciation, seems to have
been merged into Brainerd, and was so spelled by the early de-
scendants in Haddam. Some who crossed the river to the east side
changed the spelling from " erd " to " ard," which change has been
accepted by. many scattered throughout the United States, some
even averring that " ard " was the correct orthography of the name.
As early as 1704 the name has been found spelled " ard." The
Vermont branch have spelled the name in the old English style by
substituting y for i, as Braynard. .*Vs they were not anxious to
have the y retained, I have adopted the uniform style of " erd "
and " ard." Should some find an a where the spelling should have

24 Brainerd-Brainard Genealogy.

been c, or an e where it should have been a, I hope it will be over-
looked, as it was not intentional.

The name has been found spelled in the following different ways
in the Colonial records and in the newspapers. The following list
of names shows when each change was made in list of representa-
tives, viz.:

In 1669, Braynard. In 1710, Brainard.

" 1693, Braynerd. " 1711, Braynard.

" 1695, Braynard. " 1711, BrajTierd.

" 1696, Brainard. " 1711, Brainerd.

'•■ 1697, Brayner. " 1713, Braynerd.

" 1698, Braynard. " 1715, Brainerd.

" 170-1, Brainer. " 1715, Braynerd.

" 1705, Brainard. " 1716, Brainerd.

" 1706, Braynard. " 1717, Brainerd.

One of the descendants said, in writing of the spelling of the
name, that his father had traveled much in foreign lands and was
very learned in Philology and insisted the name should be spelled
Brainard, and Brainard it had been spelled in his line since that
time. He has, however, at a later date vn-itten that the name
should be spelled Brainerd, and gives the tradition in his family
for adopting " erd " and the spelling, which is as follows : Accord-
ing to our family tradition, the founder of the family was the great
Saxon Chief Bran, the Hurd, who conquered the Scottish Border
Counties and took and Married by force and Arms the daughter of
the chief of the Clan of Gordon, and lived and controlled the four
border counties on the Saxon. English, or Celtic side thereof, and
was known as Bran the Hurd, l)pcause of the great number of Cattle,
Horses, Sheep, Goats, etc., which this great Chief owned and con-
trolled. Bran lived in the time of James the Second, and took part
in the Saxon conquests of the previously owned English Isles by
Eome. These islands were afterwards conquered by the Chevalric
Xormans and then in turn ruled by six French Kings following the
battle of Hastings which placed the i^orman Duke of Xormandy
on the Throne to be afterward overthrown by the House of Planta-

Anyone who is interested in the above will find a clear history of
those trying times if he will turn to the first twenty-two pages of
the First Volume of the Histon' of England by Macaulay.

Hinman said Brainwood had one coat of arms, which was
probably copied by Rev. D. D. Field in his Brainard Genealogy
published in 1857, but I have found nothing to corroborate that
fact or to justify anyone in laying claim to such a distinction as
helonging to the family name.

An old manuscript was deposited in the American Antiquarian
■Society in ^Yorcester, Mass., June 18, 1862, by J. W. Thornton,

Courtesy of niinletl Limms. Ilarlfunl. Conn.

IK), AT Hit.


The Introduction. 25

Esq. The society very kindly gave me the privilege of copying it,
for which privilege and courtesy I here acknowledge my sincere
thanks. The manuscript is as follows :

20 Jan. 1786.

A genealogical synopsis of the name Brainerd, beginning at the root,
Mr. Daniel Brainerd, who by the best account was stolen from his native
town, Brantrie. in the county of Essex on the Island of Great Britain
about eight years of age. — Being brought to America, landed up Connecti-
cut at Hartford, was sold for his passage to Mr. Wadsworth, farmer, in said

His conditions were —

To be learned to read and write and at the time of his freedom, twenty
one years old, two suits of clothes.

At the age of 21 years he labored for him, one, perhaps two years, in
Hartford at farming. And in the year 1661 or thereabouts came and pur-
chased a right of land near the Center west in Haddam, 25 miles below
Hartford, upon the same river on the west side. Lived first in a cave
covered like a small hut or cottage. We presume that he came over in the
year 1649. It is said that his name was Brainwood, and that the family
owned and employed two spring looms, likewise that his mother at his
emigration, was a widow, and by a certain letter sent him by her she
married Mr. Grey.

In Haddam he was the first justice of the peace and commanded great
respect, a judicious, sagacious and penetrating man, of superior sense but
no learning.

Beginning his settlement near the center of the town and near the
River he married Hannah Spencer. Then married Dea. Arnold's mother.
Then Hannah Saxton formerly Hannah Spencer. (No children by two last

Pehham (Pelham.) 22 March 1815.

I Elijah Brainerd make the following remarks relative to Dea Daniel
Brainerd Esq. of Haddam in Connecticut my ancestor in N. E.

By the best information he came over from Braintree in Essex County
England A D 1649, being then eight years old, to Hartford, where by his
gravestone it appears he died A D 1715 ae 74 yrs. Born 1641, settled in
Haddam, A D. 1665.

Haddam 10 April 1786

This may certify that Elijah Brainerd A B is a legal freeman in the
town of Haddam State of Connecticut

Nemh Brainerd 1 Select
Edmund Porter V men of
David Brainerd ) Haddam.

From Elijah Brainard b. 1677 — sprung as computed in 1786, 275 souls.
By making the first seven sons and one daughter a common ratio thus
275 by 8 makes 2200 by this moderate calculation have at this day 6 Apr.
1786 sprang from the first man Daniel Brainerd who first settled and
married in Haddam in the year or nearly 1662.

The remainder of the manuscript was devoted to genealogical
records which have been placed in the family records to which they


MoNTREAX, May 24, 1904.
The most complete summary of the legends concerning the origin of
Daniel Brainerd is given in the manuscript* written by Rev. Elijah Brain-

* A manuscript very similar, prepared by the same person, has been de-
posited in the New England Historic and Genealogical Society, Boston,

26 Brainerd-Brainard Genealogy,

erd (1757-1828), which is now in the library of the American Antiquarian
Society at Worcester, Mass.

Dr. Field, in his " Brainerd Genealogy," said he was raised by the
Wyllys family in Hartford, and that the letter from his mother, in which
Bhe spelled her name Brainwood, was received after he settled at Haddam.
Who could mislay such a document? May we hope that it will yet be

In the very quaint and interesting church at Braintree all the parish
records previous to 1660 were destroyed during the troubles of the times.

The only item upon the books involving the name and date is in one
entry: " Sara, daughter of James Brainard, byried 2 Junne 1664." Beside
the loss of church manuscripts, caused by Cromwell's soldiers, the whole
of that part of Essex was decimated by the " gieat plague," and among
those who died from that cause at Braintree in 1665 were two " Barnards,"
one of whom, from the differences in spelling below noted, may possibly
have been the father of Daniel.

The family was a prolific one, then as since, and among those proved to
have been related the name is given in many different ways, including the
following: Brainerd, Brainard, Brainwood, Branwood, Brainewood, Bray-
nard, Braynerd, Branard, Branerd, Brannard, Baynard, Barnerd, Barn-
eard, Barnard. Bernard, and Burnard. It should be remembered that few of
the parishioners could spell at all, and that the almost equally ignorant
parish clerks entered their names on the records according to the local

Most, if not all, of the above are descended from Ralph Baignard, a
favorite lieutenant of William the Norman. By the latter's order he built
Baynard's Castle, the Western bastion of the defences of London corre-
sponding to the Tower at the Eastern corner, a small part of the wall of
which castle is still standing near Blackfriars Bridge. According to
" Doomsday Book " he received some sixty of the captured Saxon fiefs,
the greater part being in Essex County. In an article on that book in the
Pall Mall Magazine is a photograph of a page showing his property in
Westminster, London, and in this, as elsewhere, his name is spelled Bain-
iard. His arms were : " sable, a fesse between two chevrons, or." One of
his descendants. Henry Barnard, member of Parliament during the reigns
of Henry IV, V, and VI, generally spelled his name Baynard. Ralph's
principal residence was in Raynes, the old name of Braintree. Later the
family possessed the Lordship of the County, and their home was in the
" Manor of Baj-nards at Missing, twelve miles from Braintree."

Some of the sturdy American Brainerds may not appreciate having
their progenitor come to England with William the Conqueror, but the fact
cannot be helped. They may perhaps think it more creditable that Daniel's
mother owned and operated " two looms." Possibly these are still in
existence, for silk weaving remains a specialty at Braintree, as shown by
Queen Alexandra having had her coronation robe manufactured there.

Daniel's immediate parentage has not been identified, and therefore
his actual connection with the above family is not proved. By his tomb-
stone he was born about 1641, and there is a long interval between that
date and the battle of Hastings in 1066. Of many possibilities perhaps
the most promising is in the records of the town of Coggeshall, six miles
from Braintree, where, on November 23, 1624, Thomas Branwood married
Mary Northey; but their last child, whose birth is mentioned there, is
Grace Braynwood, born in 1639. Gray is a common name in Coggeshall,
and Daniel's mother may have taken her second husband from the friends
of her youth in that village.

Yours truly, Thos. C. Braineed.

The Introduction. 27


The following article is from notes kept by Mary G. Brainerd
of Xew London, Conn., which was written by her grandfather,
Jeremiah Gates Brainerd :

The first Biainaid was born in Braintree, Eng., Co. of Essex. It is also
said he was decoyed when a boy, brought to Hartford and sold for his
passage either into the Wadsworth or \^'yIys family. His Christian name
was ]3aniel. It is doubtful whether he could either read or write. Had-
dam was sold about the time he became of age. He purchased a right and
became a settler. His first habitation was under a bank, in Haddam, near
the old ' Burying Ground,' a little N. E. of the Court House, it was a kind
of Mugs or ' Borough.' In 1807, the remains of it were visible. Daniel
was a deacon and settler in Haddam and so called by way of eminence.
He was the first and only merchant, in his day, in that town. The store
was made of logs. He built a, wharf."

From a statistical account of the County of Middlesex by David
D. Field:

" The tract of land embraced in the town of Haddam was purchased
from the Indians May 20, 1662, for thirty coats which may have been
worth one hundred dollars. In the summer of that year it was settled by
twenty-eight persons, of which Daniel Brainerd was one, coming from
Hartford, Conn. All the early Proprietors of Haddam settled within the
limits of Haddam Society, on the rising ground now known as Walkeley
Hill, lying between the village of Haddam and Higganum. In Oct., 1668,
the settlers were invested with town privileges, and received the name of
Haddam, probably from Haddam or Hadham, in England, as the name of
the town in its early history was spelled both ways. On Feb. 11, 1686, the
assembly gave to the inhabitants a patent of all the lands which had pre
viously been granted them, thereby conferring the grants, with all the ap
purtenances and privileges, to them and their heirs forever. The settle
ment was confined to the western side of the river for thirty or forty years
About 1685 and possibly as early as 1670, some of the inhabitants of Had
dam, among them the Brainards. moved across to the east side of the river
a little south of Haddam and settled East Haddam, probably in that portion
of it which is called Creek Row. About 1712 one or two families of Brain-
erds with others went across the river and settled on what is now called
Haddam Neck, opposite to Haddam and extending a few miles north of
Haddam. About 1732 or '4, some families moved a few miles farther east
and formed a settlement which is now called Millington Society, in the
town of East Haddam."

Some of the grandchildren a little later moved to the town of
Colchester, just over the boundary line dividing East Haddam from
Colchester, and settled in the western part of the town in the parish
of Westchester. In this line are found many of the descendants
of the oldest son of the emigrant Daniel Brainerd. The spirit of
enterprise which characterized the early settlers seems not to be
waning in their descendants, as they are now foimd in almost ever}'
state of the United States, and in C'anada and Australia.

Till within a few years many bearing the name of Brainerd re-
sided within the limits of the town of Haddam, but at the present
time a few only with the time-honored name are to be found within
its precincts, though many descendants bearing other names are
living there.

Brainerd-Brainard Genealogy.

The Introduction. 29


The accompanying diagram, compiled in 1906 from desciiptive matter in
the ancient Haddam records, is intended to represent, approximately, the
" Town Plot," or first settlement in that town, soon after 1662, and its loca-
tion with reference to more recent and present landmarks.

Haddam was incorporated as a town, and given its present name, in
October, 1668; previously, it had been known as " The Plantation of Thirty
Mile Island."

The highway or " Country Road " through the settlement was probably
much wider at first than is now indicated. The lots between it and the
river were called " home lots, ' and the corresponding lots on the opposite
side of the road " additional lots." The earliest houses of the settlers seem
to have been located along this highway " from the easternmost point of
Walkley hill down to the town grave-yard."

The highway leading from the Court House northwesterly to Mr. Cephas
Brainerd's place, now the main thoroughfare, does not date back to the
settlement; and that portion of it above the " highway into ye woods," was
not opened until the Middlesex Turnpike was established, about 1802.

There was another original settlement, known as " The Lower Planta-
tion," located about a mile and a half below the Court House, in what is
now " Shailerville."

The lots indicated on tne diagram as belonging to Daniel Brainerd are
described in the earliest land records at Haddam, as follows: —

" Lands at thirtie mile lleland Belonging to Daniell Braynard and to
his heirs forever:

" One parcel of land being a home lott with the houseing and fenceing
thereon Containing five acres & an halfe more or lesse, abutting one the
great River Noreast one the Comon high way south west one the land of
John Bayly northwest, the land of Daniel Cone South east.

" One parcell of land being an addition to the former Containing three
acres more or lesse, abutting one the common high way north east one the
Common toune land south-west one ye highwaj- that leads to the woods
northwest the land of Daniel Cone South East."


■ Buildings now standing.

1^1 Supposed location of some earliest dwellings.

Q Other buildings no longer in existence.

1. House of Rev. John Marsh, pastor, 1818-18.34.

2. Third Meeting House, standing 1771-1861.

3. Home of Rev. Eleazer May, pastor, 1756-1803.

4. Meeting House Green, dedicated 1878.

5. House of Capt. George PaxTuelee.

6. Site of M. E. Church, erecte<l 1837.

7. Homestead of Dea. James Brainerd. and of his son. Heber; also

birthplace of Hon. Stephen J. Field, 1817.

8. Middlesex County Court House, and Town Hall, erected 1829.

9. Second ilci'tini: House, 1721-1771.

10. Field Park, 1878.

11. Home of (Joneral .John Brainerd.

12. Brainerd Acndeniy, founded 1839.

13. Birthplace of Hon. David Dudley Field, 1805; also site of Brainerd

Memorial Library.

14. Homestead of Rev. Jeremiah Hobart, first settled pastor.

15. First Meeting House, 1671-1721.

The explanatory article on this page and the accompanying diagram was
prepared by Rollin U. Tyler of Haddam, Conn.

30 Brainerd-Brainard Genealogy.

Barber's Historical Collections of Connecticut, iniblished in the
year 1836, p. 515 :

This view was taken at a point on a hill upwards of half a mile
northwest from the courthouse, a few rods east from the main road.
Connecticut River is seen on the left; also the mouth of Salmon River,
and the southern extremity of Haddam Neck, on the east side of Connecti-
cut River. East Haddam" Landing is faintly seen in the distance, near
the mouth of Salmon River. The courthouse appears nearly in the
center of the engraving. The large Ijuilding seen on the right is the Con-
gregational Church. On the hill which rises in the distance, between and
beyond the church and courthouse, is seen the situation of part of the
granite quarries, about one hundred yards from the river.

First Generation.


Daniel^ Brainerd,* the progenitor of nearly all of those who
bear the name of Brainerd in America, was probably born in
Braintree, Essex Co., England, near the year 1641, and was
brought to this country when about eight years of age and
lived with the Wadsworthf family in Hartford, Conn., remain-
ing there until 1663, when with others, he took up land and
made Haddam his permanent home, where was then the still-
ness of the unbroken wilderness and where the foot of white
man had scarcely trod. No house, with its cheery household
and welcoming hearthstone, with its glowing fire and warm supper,
awaited his arrival. There was no store at which he could pro-
cure supplies, no sawmill to prepare the lumber for a house, no
church where he might worship God in the humility of his soul,
no families to whom he might resort in case of sickness for the
tender care which is so much appreciated, but with the energj'
which characterized the early settlers of our country all obstacles
were overcome, trees were felled and soon a house was ready for
occupancy. A rude hut or house of small dimensions, of one or at
most two rooms was probably built, which well accommodated the
household and the few articles for housekeeping of which they were
possessed. Houses were often built with a cellar under only a
part of the house or under one room only, which was reached by a
trap door. Stones gathered from the vicinity were used for the
underpinning, covered or banked with earth and turf to protect
from the winter's cold. These rude preparations were the founda-
tion for other and more permanent improvements, which followed
in due time.

Daniel Brainerd's children were baptized in Middletown, about
eight miles distant, before permission was granted to the citizens
of Haddam by the General Court of Connecticut to build a church
and with a settled minister to maintain independent worship, to

* The late D. D. Field, in the Brainerd genealogy printed in 1857,
stated that the Brainerd boy lived in the Wyllis family in Hartford. Ex-
cepting his statement I have found nothing whatever to support it. Mr.
Cephas Brainerd of New York city once said to me that he did not doubt
the statement, as Hezekiah Brainerd, who died in Hartford while a member
of the Connecticut Legislature, was taken to the house of Hezekiah Wyllis
for funaral obsequies. As Hezekiah Wyllis and Hezekiah Brainerd married
sisters it was very natural that his body should be taken there. He prob-
ably stopped there while attending the legislature. I have once seen it in
print that he was in the Wadsworth family, but did not take the title of
the book in which it was found. Others have seen it, but are unable to
state in what book.

t The manuscript to which reference is made in other places said he lived
in the Wadsworth family. The manuscript was deposited in " The Anti-
quarian Society of Worcester, Mass.," by J. W. Thornton, Esq., June

32 Brainerd-Brainard Genealogy.

baptize the children, to perform the marriage ceremony, and to
bury the dead. The journey thither was on horseback, following
the Indian trail, which became a bridle path, with the wife seated
on a pillion, carrying the child in her arms. The children were
baptized as " children of ye church of Christ in Lyn (Lynn, Mass.)
received ye Initiatory seal of ye covenant baptism by virtue of
Communion of Churches."

Daniel Braincrd of Haddam, Middlesex Co., Conn., m., about
1663 or '64, Hannah Spencer,* b. about 1641 at liynn, Mass., dau.
of Gerrard and Hannah Spencer of Lynn, Mass., formerly of " The
New Town," Cambridge, Mass., afterwards, about the year 1663
or '64, on"e of the first settlers of Haddam, Conn. Mrs. Haunah
(Spehcei;) Brainerd d. before 1691, or about that time. He m.
(2), March 30, 1693, Mrs. Elizabeth (Wakeman) Arnold, b.
dau. of Samuel and Elizabeth ( ) Wakeman, formerly of
England. Samuel AVakcman d. at the I?ahama Islands in 1641.
Mrs. Arnold was mother of Deacon Arnold. f Mrs. Elizabeth
(Wakeman) (Arnold) Brainerd d. : — . He m. (3), No-
vember 29, 1698, Mrs. Hannah (Spencer) Sexton, b. probably
April 25, 1653. and dau. of Thomas and Sarah (Bearding)
Spencer, and widow of George Sexton,:j: who was son of George
Sexton of Windsor, Conn. Dea. Daniel Brainerd d. April 1,
1715, ae. 74 yrs., and is buried in the ancient burying ground in
Haddam, a few rods east of the Court House. Mrs. Hannah
(Spencer) (Sexton) Brainerd, d.

Daniel Brainerd's home lot in the town plot was No. Si^j and
was bounded west on the main street, north by John Bailie, east
on the river, and south by Joseph Staunard. The home lots con-
tained about four acres.

East Haddam — Incorporated May, 1734, from Haddam. In
Hartford until October sessions, 1741, since then in East Haddam,
except that a small part of the town was in Chatham from Maj

* In the book entitled " Our New England Ancestors and their Descend-
ants " it says that a child older than Hannah Spencer was born in Lynn,
Mass., so I inferred that Hannah was born there. The late D. D. Field said
she was born in England. Gerrard Spencer, the father of Hannah (Spen-

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