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http://www.archive.org/details/historyofpopesfr0799past



HISTORY OF THE POPES.



VOL. VII.



PREVIOUS VOLUMES OF THE SAME WORK.



THE HISTORY OF THE POPES. Translated from
the German of Dr. Ludwig Pastor, and edited by the late
Rev. F. I. Antrobus of the London Oratory.

Vols. I. and II. A.D. 1305-1458.

Vols. III. and IV. A.D. 1458-14S3.
Vols. V. and VI. a.d. 1483-1513.

I2S. net per volume.



LONDON :
KEGAN PAUL, TRENCH, TRUBNER, & CO., LIMITED.



THE



HISTORY OF THE POPES,

FROM THE CLOSE OF THE MIDDLE AGES.



DRAWN FROM THE SECRET ARCHIVES OF THE VATICAN AND OTHER
ORIGINAL SOURCES.



FROM THE GERMAN OF

Dr. ludwig pastor,

PROFESSOR OF HISTORY IN THE UNIVERSITY OF INNSI3RUCK, AND
DIRECTOR OF THE AUSTRIAN HISTORICAL INSTITUTE IN ROME



EDITED BY

RALPH FRANCIS KERR

OF THE LONDON ORATORY.



VOLUME VII.



LONDON:

KEGAN PAUL, TRENCH, TRUBNER & CO., Ld.,
DRYDEN HOUSE, GERRARD STREET.

1908.



lo34^\



' ' Homines per sacra immutari fas est, non sacra per
homines." — Egidio Canisio of Viterbo, 1512.



" Omnes nos declinavimus unusquisque in vias suas, nee
fuit iam diu, qui faceret bonum, non fuit usque ad unum :
quamobrem necesse est, ut omnes demus gloriam Deo
et humiliemus animas nostras ei, videatque unusquisque
nostrum unde ceciderit, et se potius quilibet iudicet,
quam a Deo in virga furoris sui iudicari velit. Qua in
re, quod ad nos attinet, polliceberis nos omnem operam
adhibituros, ut primum curia haec, unde forte omne hoc
malum processit, reformetur, ut sicut inde corruptio in
omnes inferiores emanavit, ita etiam ad eadem sanitas et
reformatio omnium emanet." — Pope Adrian VI. to
Francesco Chieregati, Nuncio in Germany, 1522.



1



CONTENTS OF VOL. VII.



PAGE

Dedication ........ vii

Editorial Note ix

Collections of Archives and Manuscripts referred to in

Vols. VII. to X xi

Complete Titles of Books frequently quoted in Vols.

VII. to X xiii

Table of Contents xli

List of Unpublished Documents in Appendix . . Ixi

Introduction . . . . . . . . 3-11

Leo X., 1513-1521. BOOK L

Election and Beginning of the Pontificate of Leo X.
His efforts to make peace. End of the Schism
of Pisa ........ 15-78

The Medici and the Policy of Leo X., 1513-1515 . 79-113

The Conquest of Milan by the French. The Meeting

between Leo X. and Francis I. at Bologna . . 1 14-146

The War of Urbino. The Conspiracy of Cardinal
Petrucci. The great creation of Cardinals, July
I, 1517 147-212

The Pope's endeavours to promote a Crusade, 15 17-

1518 213-254

Leo X. and the Imperial Succession .... 255-290

The Occasion and Causes of the Reformation in

Germany. The Contest about Indulgences . 291-360

Luther is summoned to Rome. His Transactions with
Cardinal Cajetan and Miltitz. His Roman Trial.
The Bull "Exsurge" and its reception in
Germany. Aleander's Mission to the Diet of
Worms, and the Imperial Edict against Luther . 361-441

Appendix of Unpublished Documents . . . 443-496

Index of Names ....... 497-509



^0

HIS IMPERIAL AND ROYAL HIGHNESS
THE MOST AUGUST PRINCE AND LORD

FRANCIS FERDINAND

IMPERIAL PRINCE AND ARCHDUKE OF AUSTRIA-ESTE,

CROWN PRINCE OF HUNGARY AND BOHEMIA,

ETC. ETC. ETC.

His most humble and devoted,
The Author.



EDITORIAL NOTE.



The favourable reception accorded to the English edition of the
first three volumes of Professor Ludwig Pastor's History of the
Popes, issued under the able editorship of the late Father F. I.
Antrobus, between the years 1891 and 1898, has given encourage-
ment for a continuance of the work.

After an interval of eleven years, Professor Pastor in 1906
issued the first part of the fourth volume of his work. This
volume, unlike the preceding ones, is in two parts, and it is the
first part, dealing solely with the Pontificate of Leo X., which
is now published in Volumes VII. and VIII. of the English
edition. The second part, deahng with the Pontificates of
Adrian VI. and Clement VII., was issued early in 1907; the
English edition of this second part will, it is hoped, follow with
as little delay as possible, and will form Volumes IX. and X.
This division of the German volumes explains the fact that the
list of authorities and sources given in the present volume
apphes to four volumes of the EngUsh edition.

The translation of the greater part of the two volumes now
issued is the work of the late Lady Amabel Kerr, and was
almost completed at the time of her death in October 1906.

The Editor's share in the work has been confined to the
supervision of the translation, the aim of which has been, as
in the previous volumes, to follow the text as closely as possible.
The notes, which contain most valuable matter, have been
pubHshed in extenso, as also the Appendix of Unpublished
Documents.

R. F. K.

The Oratory,

London, S.W. .
January, 1908.



COLLECTIONS OF ARCHIVES AND

MANUSCRIPTS REFERRED TO

IN VOLS. VII. TO X.



Ancona — Communal Library.
Arezzo — Library of tlie " Fra-

ternita di S'" Maria."
Athens — National Library.

Berlin — Royal Library.
Bologna — State Archives.
Brescia — Quiriniana Library.
Brussels — State Archives.

Chieti — Episcopal Archives.

Dresden — Library.
Dusseldorf — State Archives.

EiCHSTATT — Library.
EscORiAL — Library.

Ferrara — Library.
Florence — Laurentian

Library.

National Library.

State Archives.*

FoLiGNo — Faloci - Pulignani

Library.
Frankfurt a. M. — City

Archives.

Glys — Library.

Gnesen — Cathedral Chapter Orvieto — Archives of the
Archives. Missini-Giberti family.

* The letters of G. de' Medici are to be found, agli Otto, in F., 30, 32, 33
35> 37) 4i> 42 and 46 ; those of B. Buondelmonti, in F., 51 ; and the writings
of G. M. della Porta, in Urbino, F. , 132, 265.



Innsbruck — Vice-regal Arch-
ives.

Leyden — Library.
London — British Museum.

Madrid — Library of the
" Academia de Historia."

Milan — Ambrosian Library.

Trivulziana Library.

State Archives.

Mantua— Episcopal Archives.

Gonzaga Archives.

Capilupi Library.

■ City Library.

Malines — Seminary Library.

Modena — State Archives.

Munich — Court and State
Library.

State Archives.

Naples — Library of the
National Museum in the
Certosa of S. Martino.

Library of the " Societa

di storia patria."

National Library.

State Archives.



xii ARCHIVES AND MANUSCRIPTS IN VOLS. VII. TO X



OsiMO — Archives.

Padereorn — Theodorian

Library.
Paris — National Archives.

National Library.

Perugia — Chapter Archives.

Communal Archives.

Communal Library.

Ravenna — Classense Library.
Rome —

(a) Archives :
the "Anima."
the Campo Santo,
the " Ceremonieri."
the Colonna.

the "Compagnia di S.

Girolamo della Carita."
of the Fabric of St Peter's,
the Gaetani.
of the Inquisition,
the Ricci.

the Spanish Embassy.
General, of the Barnabites.
,, of the Capuchins.
,, of the Theatines.
the Consistorial.
the Papal Secret (Secret

Archives of the Vatican),
of the State.

(b) Libraries :
Alessandrina.
Angelica.
Borghese.



Rome —

(b) Libraries:
Casanatense.
Chigi. _
Corsini.
Corvisieri.
Ferrajoli.
Vallicelliana.
Vatican (including the

former Barberini libr.).
Vittorio Emanuele.

Savignano (Romagna) Library.
Siena — -State Archives.

City Library.

Spoleto — Campello Archives.

Turin — Royal Library.
State Archives.

Utrecht — State Archives.

Venice — Library of St. Mark.

" Museo Civico " (Correr).

State Archives.

Verona — Communal Library.

Chapter Library.

Episcopal Archives.

Vienna — Court and State

Archives.
Teutonic Order Archives.

Court Library.

Rossiana Library.

WoLFENRUTTEL — Library.



COMPLETE TITLES OF BOOKS QUOTED IN
VOLUMES VII. TO X.



Abschiede, Die eidgenossischen ; Amtliche Sammlung I. et seq.

Luzern, 18391?/^^^.
Acta To??iidana, epistolae, legationes, responsa, actiones et res

gestae Sigismundi I. regis Poloniae. Vol. I. seqq. Posnaniae,

1852 seqq.
AdemoHo, A. Alessandro VI., Giulio II. e Leone X. nel Carnevale

di Roma. Documenti inediti 1499-1520. l^irenze, 1886.
Alberi, E. Le relazioni degli ambasciatori Veneti al Senate

durante il secolo decimosesto. 3 Series. Firenze, 1839

Albertni, Marcello, Diario 1521-1536 ed. D. Orano, in Archivio

della Societa Romana di storia patria XVIII., 321-398.

Roma, 1895.
Albertini, Fr. Opusculum de mirabilibus novae urbis Romae.

Herausgegeben von A. Schmarsow. Heilbronn, 1886.
Alfani, Teseo, Cronache e Storia della citta di Perugia, in Archivio

storico Italiano, XVI., 2. Firenze, 1851.
Altieri, Marco Antonio, Li Nuptiali, ed. E. Narducci. Roma,

1873-
Amati, G. Notizia di alcuni manoscritti dell' Archivio secreto

Vaticano, in Archivio storico Italiano, 3rd Series, III., i,

166 seqq. Firenze, 1866.
Ambros, A. W. Geschichte der Musik. Mit zahlreichen Noten-

beispielen und Musikbeilagen. 2 Auflage, Bd. II. und

III. Leipzig, 1880-1881.
Archivio storico dell' Arte pubbl. p. Gnoli e Venturi. Vol. I, seqq.

Roma, 1888 seqq.
Armand. Les medailleurs italiens des XV et XVI siecles.

Vols. II. and III. Paris, 1883 and 1887.
Armellini, M. Un censimento della citta di Roma sotto il

■ pontificato di Leone X. Roma, 1882.
• Le chiese di Roma dalle loro origini sino al secolo XVI.

Roma, 1 88 7.



xiv COMPLETE TITLES OF BOOKS

BArte. Continuation of the Archivio storico deW Arte. Roma,
i8gS et seq.

Balan, P. Storia d' Italia. Vols. V. and VI. Modena, 1877

and 1882.
'- Monumenta reformationis Lutheranae ex tabulariis S.

Sedis secretis. 1521-1525. Ratisbonae, 1883-1884.
^» Roberto Boschetti e gli avvenimenti Italian! dei suoi

tempi. 1 464-1 5 29. 2 Vols. Modena, 1884.
Monumenta saeculi XVI. historiam illustrantia. Vol.

I., dementis VII., epistolae per Sadoletum scriptae, etc.

Oeniponte, 1885.

Clemente VII. e 1' Italia de' suoi tempi. Milano, 1887.



Bandinl, A. M. II Bibbiena o sia il ministro di stato delineato

nella vita del card. Bernardo Dovizi. Livorno, 1758.
Bandiniiis. Catalogus codicum lat. bibliothecae Mediceae

Laurentianae. Vols. I.-V. Florentiae, 1774-17 7 7.
Bardi, A. Carlo V. e I'assedio di Firenze da document! dell'

arch, di Bruxelles, in Archivio stor. Ital. 5th Series, XI.,

1-85. Firenze, 1893.
Barthold, F. W. Georg von Frundsberg oder das Kriegshand-

werk zur Zeit der Reformation. Hamburg, 1833.
Baschet-Reumont. La jeunesse de Catherine de Medicis. Paris,

1866.
Baudrillart., A. Quatre cents ans de Concordat. Paris, 1905.
Bauer, R. Geschichte der Auflehnung gegen die papsdiche

Autoritat, in the Stimmen aus Maria-Laach, III., 222 seq.

Freiburg i. Br., 1872.
Bdumer, S. Geschichte des Breviers. Freiburg i. Br., 1895.
Bmimgarten, H. Die Politik Leos X. in dem Wahlkampf in

den Jahren 15 18 und 1519, in the Forschungen zur

deutschen Geschichte, XXIII. , 521-571. Gottingen, 1883.
Geschichte Karls V. Bd. II. und III. Stuttgart, 1888,

1892.

Geschichte der Weltliteratur. Bd. IV. Freiburg, 1900.



Bembi, P. Epistolarum Leonis X. P. M. nomine scriptarum
\ libri XVI. ad Paulum III. P. M. missi. Basileae, 1547.

Bembo,P. Opere. Vol. III.: Le lettere volgari. Venezia, 1729.

Benigni, U. Die Getreidepolitik der Papste. Ins Deutsche
iibertragen von R. Birner, herausgeg. von G. Ruhland.
Berlin [1898].

Benrath. Die Reformation in Venedig. Halle, 1887.

Bergenroth, G. A. Calendar of Letters, Despatches and State
Papers relating to the negotiations between England and
Spain, preserved in the archives at Simancas and elsewhere,
edited by G. A. B. Vol. II. : Henry VIII., 1509-1525.
London, 1866.



QUOTED IN VOLUMES VII. TO X. XV

Berliner, A. Geschichte der Juden in Rom von den altesten

Zeiten bis zur Gegenwart. 2 Bde. Frankfurt a. M., 1893.
Bernays. Petrus Martyr Anglerius und sein Opus epistolarum.

Strassburg, 1891.
Berni, F. Rime, poesie latine e lettere p. da A. Virgili. Firenze,

1885.
Bernuio, Doni. Historia di tutte 1' heresie descritta da D. B.

Tomo quarto, sino all' anno, 1700. Venezia, 1724.
Bertani, P. Aretino. Sondrio, 1901.
Bezold, F. V. Geschichte der deutschen Reformation. Berlin,

1890.
Blok, P. J. Geschichte der Niederlande. Bd. II. Gotha,

. ^905-
Blosch. Kardinal Schinner. Bern, 1891 (privately printed).
Blume, F. Iter Italicum. 4 Vols. Halle, 1827 se^.
Bdcki7ig, E. Ulrici Hutteni Opera. 5 Vols. Lipsiae, 1859-

1862.
Bode, W. Die italienische Plastik. 2 Aufl. Berlin, 1893.
Bonazzi. Storia di Perugia. Vol. II. Perugia, 1875.
Bontempi. Ricordi della citta di Perugia del 1527 al 1550 p. c.

di Bonaini, in Arch. stor. Ital., XVI,, 2, 323 seqq. Firenze,

1851.
Boree, W. Heinrich VIII. von England und die Kurie in den

Jahren 1528-1529. Gottingen, 1885.
Borgati, M. Castel S. Angelo in Roma. Storia e descrizione.

Roma, 1890.
Bosch, L. E. lets over Paus Adriaan VI. Utrecht, 1835.
Bourrilly, V. L. Guillaume du Bellay, seigneur de Langey,

1491-1543. Paris, 1904.
Bonrrilly-de Vaissiere. Ambassades en Angleterre de Jean du

Bellay. La premiere ambassade (152 7-1529). Paris, 1905.
Boverius, Z. Annales sive historiae ordinis minorum s. Francisci

qui Capuccini nuncupantur. 2 Tom. Lugduni, 1632 seq.
Brewer, J. S. Letters and Papers, foreign and domestic, of the

Reign of Henry VIII., preserved in the Publ. Record Office,

the British Museum, and elsewhere in England, arranged by

B. Vol. I.: 1509-1514; II.: 1515-1518; III.: 1519-

1523; IV.: 1524-1530. London, 1862-1875.
The Reign of Henry VIII. from his accession to the

death of Wolsey, edited by J. Gairdner. 2 Vols. London,

1884.
Bridgett, E. Leben des sel. Johannes Fisher, Bischofs von

Rochester. Uebers. von J. Hartmann. Innsbruck, 1904.
Brieger, Th. Aleander und Luther. Die vervoUstandigten

Aleander — Depeschen nebst Untersuchungen liber den

Wormser Reichstag, i Abt. Gotha, 1884.
Brischar, N. Beurteilung der Kontroversen Carpis und Palla-

VOL. VII, b



xvi COMPLETE TITLES OF BOOKS

vicinis in der Geschichte des Trienter Konzils. 2 Tie.

Tubingen, 1844.
Bromato, C. Storia di Paolo IV. P.M., Vol. I. Ravenna, 1748.
Brosch, M. Geschichte des Kirchenstaates. Bd. I. Gotha,

1880.

Geschichte Englands. Bd. VI. Gotha, 1890.

Brown, Rawdon. Calendar of State Papers and Manuscripts

relating to English affairs existing in the arch, and collect.

of Venice and in other libraries of Northern Italy, edited by

R. B. Vol. II. : 1509-1519; III. : 1520-1526; IV. : 1527-

1533; V. : 1534-1554. London, 1 867-1873.
Bucholtz, F. B. V. Geschichte drr Regierung Ferdinands I.

8 Bde. und i Urkundenband. Wien, 1 831 -1838.
Btiddee, W. Zur Geschichte der diplomatischen Missionen des
Dominikaners Nikolaus von Schonberg bis zum Jahre 15 19.
Dissertation. Greifswald, 1891.
Budik, P. A. Leben und Wirken der vorziiglichsten lateinischen

Dichter des 15 bis 18 Jahrhunderts. 3 Bde. Wien, 1827-

1828.
Bidlarium ordinis fratrum minorum s. Francisci Capuccinorum

sive collectio buliarum, brevium etc., quae a Sede Apost. pro

ordine Capuccinorum emanarunt. Tom. I. Romae, 1740.
Bullarium ordinis Praedicatorum opera Thomae RipoU. ed.

et ad autogr. recognitum, appendicibus, notis illustr. ab

Ant. Bremond. Tom. III. Romae, 1731.
Bulla7-ium Vaticanum : see Collectio.
Buliarum diplomatum et privilegiorum sanctorum Romanorum

Pontificum Taurinensis editio locupletior facta . . . cura et

studio Aloysii Tomasetti. Tom. IV and V. Augustae

Taurinorum 1859-1860 (this is cited as 'Bullarium' in the

text).
Bunsen-Platner. Beschreibung der Stadt Rom. 3 Bde. Stuttgart

und Tubingen, 1829-1842.
Burckhardt, J. Der Cicerone. Eine Anleitung zum Genuss der

Kunstwerke Italiens. 4 Aufl., unter Mitwirkung des

Verfassers und anderer Fachgenossen bearbeitet von Dr.

Wilh. Bode. 2 Teil. Leipzig, 1879.
Geschichte der Renaissance in Italien. Mit Illustrationen.

Stuttgart, 1868. 3 Aufl. von Heinrich Holtzinger. Leipzig,

1891.
Die Kultur der Renaissance in Italien. Ein Versuch.

7 Aufi., besorgt von L. Geiger. 2 Bde. Leipzig,

1899.
Burigozzo, Gia7i7narco. Cronica Milanese dal 1500 al 1544, in

Archivio stor. Ital., III., 421 seq. Firenze, 1842.
^Btirmann, C. Hadrianus VI. sive analecta hist, de Hadriano

VI Trajectino Papa Romano. Trajecti ad Rhen. 1727.



QUOTED IN VOLUMES VII. TO X. XVll

Busch, W. Drei Jahre englischer Vermittlungspolitik, 1518-

1521. Bonn, 1884.
Kardinal Wolsey und die englisch-kaiserliche Allianz,

1522-1525. Bonn, 1886.
Buser, B. De Beziehungen der Mediceer zu Frankreich wahrend

der Jahre 1434 bis 1494 in ihrem Zusammenhange mit

den allgemeinen Verhaltnissen. Leipzig, 1879.
Bussi, Feliciano. Istoria della citta di Viterbo. Roma, 1742.

Cancellieri, Fr. Storia dei solenni Possessi dei Sommi Pontefici
detti anticamente processi o processioni dopo la loro
coronazione dalla basilica Vaticana alia Lateranense. Roma,
1802.

II Mercato, il lago Acqua vergine ed il palazzo Panfiliano

nel circo Agonale. Roma, 181 1.

Notizie storiche delle stagioni e de' siti diversi in cui



sono stati tenuti i conclavi nella citta di Roma. Roma,
1823.
Canovas del Castillo. Del asalto y saco de Roma. Madrid,

^^58. .....

Cantti, C. Gli eretici d' Italia. 3 Vols. Torino, 1864-1866.
Capella, Gal. Von den Geschichten Italie unter K. Caroli V.

Fiirgang. Strassburg, 1536.
Capponi, G. Storia della repubblica di Firenze. 2^ Ed. 3 Vols.

Firenze, 1876.
Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della santa

Romana chiesa. Vol. III. Roma, 1793.
' Carpesmiiis, Francisais. Commentaria suorum temporum 1470-

1526, in Martene, Coll. ampl., V., 11 75 seqq.
Carte Strozziane, le. Inventario. Serie prima. 2 Vols. Firenze

1884.
Casanova, E. Lettere di Carlo V. a Clemente VII., 1 527-1532.

Firenze, 1892. {Nozze-pttbl.)
Castelnau, A. Les Medicis. 2 Vols. Paris, 1879.
Catalaftus, Michael. De vita et scriptis Dominici Capranicae

cardinalis antistitis Firmani commentarius. Accedit appendix

monumentorum et corollarium de cardinalibus creatis nee

promulgatis. Fermo, 1793.
Cave, Jean. Le sac de Rome. Relation inedite de J. C. p. p.

L. Dorez in Melang. d'archeol., XVI., 355 seqq. Paris,

1896.
Celebrino, Eustachio. La presa di Roma con breve narratione

di tutti li magni fatti di guerre successi nel tempo che lo

exercito imperiale stette in viaggio da Milano a Roma ecc.

per il Celebrino composta 1528. Roma, 1872.
Cellini, B. Vita, testo critico con introduzione e note storiche

p. c. di O. Bacci. Firenze, igor.



xviii COMPLETE TITLES OF BOOKS

Cesareo, G. A. Papa Leone X. e maestro Pasquino, in Nuova

Antologia, 4 Serie, LXXV., 193 seqq. Roma, 1898.
Charriere, E. Negociations de la France dans le Levant

(Collect, d. docum. ined. pour I'hist. de France). Vol. L

Paris, 1848.
Chiesi, L. Reggio nell' Emilia sotto Giulio IL, Leone X.,

Adriano VL Reggio, 1892.
Chrisstoffeh, A. F. Paus Adriaan VL Amsterdam, 1871.
Ciaconius, Alph. Vita et res gestae Pontificum Romanorum et

S. R. E. Cardinalium . . . ab August. Oldoino S. J.

recognitae. Tom. II. Romae, 1677.
Cian^ V. Un decennio della vita di Pietro Bembo. Torino, 1885.

II Cortegiano del conte Baldesar Castiglione annotato ed

illustrato. Firenze, 1894.

Musa Medicea. Di Giuliano di Lorenzo de' Medici e



delle sue rime inedite. Torino, 1895. {Nozze-piibl.)
Cicogna, E. A. Intorno la vita e le opere di Marcantonio

Michiel, in Memorie d. Istit. Veneto di scienze ecc. Vol.

IX., part 3. Venezia, 1861.
Cinagli, Angelo. Le monete dei Papi descritte in tavole

sinottiche ed illustrate. Fermo, 1848.
Cipolla, C. Storia delle signorie Italiane dal 1300 al 1530.

Milano, 1881.
Clareita, G. Carlo V. e Clemente VII., il loro arrivo al congresso

di Bologna, e I'assedio di Firenze del 1530 secondo il

legato di Savoia a Roma, a proposito della odierna pubblica-

zione di una corrispondenza epistolare di quel due potentati.

Torino, 1893.
Clausse, G. Les San Gallo. 3 Vols. Paris, 1900- 190 2.
dementi, F. II Carnevale Romano nelle cronache contempora-

nee. Roma, 1899.
Coleccibn de documentos ineditos para la historia de Espana.
^ Vol. I. seqq. Madrid, 1842 seqq.
Collectio buUarum, brevium aliorumque diplomatum sacro-

sanctae basilicae Vaticanae. Tom. II. : ab Urbano V. ad

Paulum III. perduct. Romae, 1750.
Corpo diplomatico Portuguez p. p. Luiz Augusto Rebello da

Silva. Vols. I and II. Lisboa, 1862 seq.
Corpus Reformatorum. Philippi Melanchthonis opera quae

supersunt omnia edidit C G. Bretschneider. Tom. I. -VIII.

Halis Saxonum, 1 834-1 840.
Corvisieri, A. Document! inediti sul sacco di Roma nel 1527.

Roma, 1873.
Costanimi, E. II card, di Ravenna al governo d' Ancona e suo

processo sotto Paolo III. Pesaro, 1891.
Creighton. A History of the Papacy during the period of the

Reformation, Vols. III., IV., and V. London, 1887 seqq.



QUOTED IN VOLUMES VII. TO X. XIX

Crowe und CavalcaseUe. Geschichte der italienischen Malerei,
Deutsche Originalausgabe, besorgt von Dr. M. Jordan.
Bd. II.-IV. Leipzig, 1869 bis 187 1.

Raphael. (Deutsche Uebersetzung.) 2 Bde. Leipzig,

1883-1885.

Dandolo, T. Ricordi inediti di Girol. Morone. Milano, 1855.
Daniel, Ch. Des etudes classiques dans la societe chretienne.

Paris, 1855.
De Blasiis, G. Fabrizio Maramaldo e i suoi antenati, in

Archivio storico Napolit. I.-IIL Napoli, 1876-1878.
Decrue, F. Anne de Montmorency. Paris, 1885.
De Leva, G. Storia documentata di Carlo V. in correlazione

air Italia. Vol. I. seq. Venezia e Padova, 1863 seqq.
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Ehses, St. Die Politik Klemens VII. bis zur Schlacht von
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Fessler- Klein, J. A. Geschichte von Ungarn. 5 Bde. Leipzig,

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Fester., R. Machiavelli. Stuttgart, 1900.



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