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The American Masonic register, and Ladies' and gentlemen's magazine [microform] online

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together like the colour»of therai»'
bow, forming an arch of imri\iilled
beauty. But the objector coming
forward, says it is a secret, and
I therefore a violation of the com-
mand. <Met your l^bt shine belsvp
men,'' &c* Bot kt us weigh thi*
objection ; and discover its fallacy^
How are we to *^ let our light shii^
t before meH?'^ By Kving a Hfe cor-
respondent to enrprrfesmon* LetBS
scrutinize the life of the genuine
mason. We behold him actuated



E.!L^rJ"::?^r^^«^JS :bypH.«iple.U«t dignify and *«h



be imagined, which ou^ht not to be
an object of thy activity'. Let ef-
fectuid and universal benevolence
be the phanbline of thy actions. —
Anticipate the cries of the misera-
ble, or, at least, do not reman insen-
sible to them.



For the Masonic RsotsTER.
My Dear Brothtt Pratt,

^I send you this short defence of
masonry, which was from die pen of
a worthy brother, and request, if it
meet your approbation) you would



human nature ^ moved by these feel-
ings, which only could arise ia a
heart imbued with the most refined
beoevol^Ke, and possessed with the
greatest purity of intention. There-
fore the mason dee» '^ftt hh light
shine before men^" Can any one
doubt this assertion? i would ask
him, what have masons done in
.Hartford and Newhaveny Cosnec-
ticut, and ui Louisville, Kentucky?
They have ibrmed Missionary Soci-
eties, whose operations will madoobi-
edly be coextensive with the globe;
\ acnf whose infiuence will be felt, ia
the most remote comers of the eairth.



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UA80KIC.



251



Does not tliis display benevolence
of souly and a flame of love enkin-
dled by « Heaven's own fire?'* This
spark has long glowed in their bo-
fiOTOS^till at length it bursts forth in a
resistless flame, wbicfa like the elec-
tric flnid, will communie«te from
bosom to bosom, and from lodge
to lodge, «ntii every freemason,
from Maine to New-Orleans, shall
listen to the cry of distress, wafted
to America, from the shores of
Western Asia. Will any object,
because it has not manifested itself
before ? Iwoukl ask, why has the
Are of benevolence been so long
concealed in the Christian's heait?
This ipterrogatory is equally appli-
cable to both, and tbe same reasons
.may be assigned. The darkness,
which has so long brooded ov^r the
world, is now retiring before the full
blaze of sacred truth, and the t^iom



direct tendency to defeat his ovn
plans, and ruin his country. The
same would be said of our national
councils, should their members bla-
zon abroad every secret purpose
and design. Then why is the ma-
son calumniated, because he does not
develope the secret niysteries of his
fraternity ? ShoHld we tear the vail
from its sanctuajry, how soon would
it be pollu^^ed by the unhallowed
touch? impostors would entrench
themselves m its ptvrity^ and avail
themselves of the true masonic rites.
Is the exclusien of feosales brought
fopWard as an objection? Jjt is nu-
gatory. For this is necessary to si^-
leaee ithe venomous tons ue of slan-
der, and fo ward ofl" me darts of
calumny. The argumem of Gama-
liel, clotlied in aU its force, stands
up in defence of masonry, ^* for if
this counsel^ or this work, be of men^



ing Star of masonry begins to shine I it witt come to nought." But fto^
forth in its native beauty. But the far otherwise has it been? Masonry,



objector continues, "this is not the
character of every member of that
fcaternity." I would ask is there a-
py association of men in this ^ pollu-
ted world, whose purity remains un-
sullied. Where shall we look ? not
among any society of fallen man,
not even the church. Therefore
jthis objection can have no greater
weight, than it woujd if brought
against the^ truth pf ti\e Christian
religion. How dare any one in-
veigh against Christ, and his disci-
ples, because avij^e tiaitor was found
Jn theii- number? Why then is this
uncharitable disposition manifested
towards the members of the mason-
ic fraternity t The fact, that it is a
secret, does no more militate agaijist
masonry, than it does ng^insf, the
councils of the cabmet, because ev-
ery subject is not acquainted with
them. What would be said of a
commanding officer in the army or
navy,wbo shoi^ld disclose alibis im-
portant plans to iBv.ery private jwid
servant? All would at once say, that
Ae disdo^yr^ would )iave the most



and the doctrines of the bible have
remained unsullied, and unmoved^
while empires, and all the ensigns
of royalty, and the splendid associ-
ations of men, have been corrupted^
and buried in oblivion. The pro-
tecting wing of Providence, has long
brooded over jthis frat^rniity^ mi
sheltered it TrofB impendinf ruin.
This proves that it has been design-
ed by the Supreme Aibiter of events^
as a mighty engine, to demolish the
kingdom of satan, ThjB mom of
masonic exertions, has already be*
gun to dawn, and soon the arrows of
light will pierce the kingdom of the
prince of darkness. No longer, I
trust, can it be said $o tba^ fratemiqr,
in tlie language of eontempt, shew
us your fruit, that we may judge*
N05 thflit tree planted in a «>il like
America, can no long?^ oease to
produce the richest fruit. That vine
will soon send forth its branches to
the erids ^ the eartbf loaded with
the fdiloiGi^ iclusters. /t it askea
what are the advantages of fnason»t
ry? I answer, the tcue principles pjf

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2^



MASONIC.



masonry have a tendency to make
men wiscr,bettery and happier ; Xo war
against that fiend-like spirit which
reigns in the depraved heart of man:
and they even stay the h^nd. lifted
in vengeance against his neighbour.
How many consigned ibr perpetual
imprisonment kave been released
by discovering their claims to frater-
nal protection ! How many doom-
ed to roast around the stake, to
writhe upon the rack, and to agon-
ize under the torturing hand of sav-
age cruelty, have regained their
IVeedom, by exhibiting the ties which
hold freemasonry inviolate! The
burnished steel levelled ^ the heart
of a brotlier, has often been with-
drawn, upon the discovery of true
ma^nio signs. From whence re-
8ulu such mighty advantages? can a
corrupt fountain send forth pure
streams? can an i^sociation adapt-
ed to foster the corrupt propensities
of our nature, as has been said of
* this, overflow with such pure benev-
olence? the conclusion in fUvour of
npasonry, indeed scenes almost irre-
sistibly to fqrce itself upon the n^ind
of every reflecting person. But
it will operate more gloriously in
spreading the gospel among heath-
en nations. The masonic missiona-
ry may go into Arabia, that strong
hold of Mahomedanism, and preach
Jesus Christ crucified, even around
the great impostor's tomb, and gain
the attention of his brethren, where
other persons, from Christian na-
tions, would be instantly massacred.
But another objection is brought for-
ward, it is said that this bei^evolence
is from selfish principles, because
their charity is confined to the mem-
bers of their own institution. Biit
this assertion may pe proved incor-
rect. But should wcj even allow it to
be true, the principle must be com-
mendable. For the apostle says,
as we have therefore <u>P<>!itunity,
let us doffood Untp all men, especlal-
Y ??^^ *^"^ ^^^ Wfc of t^e house-
wW of foitb." This proves that api-



ous brother btobepreferred in Chris-
tian charity, ^hy bave not tlie
fratemitv of masops, the same right
as had the followers of |he disciples
of Christ. Therefore this objection
would h^ve as great bearing against
the Christian religion as masonry.
Hence let all the oppoaers to the in-
stitution pf freemasonry, listen to
the advice of Gamaliel the Jev^isli
rabbi, "if this work be of God ye
cannot overthrow it ; lest haply ye be
found eyen to fight aga'mst God.''
• Amicus Veeitatis.

Princeton^ March, 1823.



Thb Holy Scriptubes.
The propagation of the gospd
of the lledeemcr, in its purity, uo?
connected with the sinister views of
any party, or sect, is an object wor-
thy the attention of all societies,
and particularly that of Free and
Accepted Masons; inasmuch as the
fundamental principles of our or-
der, are founded on those contained
In the scriptures of the Qld and New
Testaments, which we take for the
rule of our conduct, and publidy
acknowledge their Author, as our
Great Grand Master, and Supreme
High Priest. But as freemasoniy
acknowledges no distinction of sect
or party in religion, but admits wor-
thy n^en of all denominations to
its priviledges, it would certainly be
deemed a derogation from the true
principles of the institution, and to-
tally destroy that harmony, and bro-
therly love, which for ages have exis-
ted among all genuine masons, for
a bodi/ of the fraternity, as suck, to
appropriate any part of the funds
belonging to that body collectively
tQ the exclusive support of the doc-



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t of. any particular sect or par-
ty. Ifence it follows, that freema-
sons, as a body^ cannot, consistent
with the ancient kuidmarks of the
order, become the patrons of any
particular foreign or dotoestic niis-
^ioD, however maeh their benevo-
lent hearts may feel for the heathen
of our own, or fbreign coun^e$. —
But there would be po imprppriety
in forminjd^ a genend Masonic Bi-
ble Society throughout the United
States, or the civitized world, to cir-
pulate tlie Hqly Scriptures, unac-
conipanied by sectarian tracts, a-
mong such of our fellow beings as
^e unable to purchase for them-
^Ives; and among tlie children or
servants of such parents and mas-
ters as are unwilling to purchase for
tliem; and let the grand, and subor-
dinate chapters and lodg^, make
such voluntary contributions towards



253



its support, as their fbnds would al-
low, or as they should deoip expe-
dient.

All the Christian denominations
agree, that the bible contains the
words of ^ternal life, that it is given
by the inspfration of God, and that
there is nq. other name given under
Heaven wl^ereby men can be saved,
than the name of the Lord Jesus
Christ. In this freemasons f^jUy
coincide, by having the bible con-
tinually before their eye^, bo^h in
their lodges ai^d chapters, aiidby
carrying it in all their public pro-
cessions, thu^ ei^hibitingto the world,
that this sacred volume is the great
ptoHT o# MASONRY ; and that every
freemason is most solemnly bound to
observe the precepts therein contain-
f&l too mahy examples to tiie conr



ucary notwithstanding. Of course,
nothing would conduce more to the
honour or vital interest of the frater-
nity, than a dissemination of th<$
word of Qod among the destitute,
and an inculcation of its sacred
truths. Perhaps there is no associ-
ation of men on the face of the
earth, who have been more highly
favoured by-the Supreme Being, and
none owe a greater debt of gi-ati-
tude to our divine Master, botli in a
collective, and individual capacity,
tlian that of freemasons ; inasmuch
as its chain, which reaches from one
end of the known world to the other^
has remained unbroken, through %
long series of revolving ages, not-
withstanding the united exertions of
superstition and despotism, to hren^
ft in pieces. How gteat then is oar
accountability? We proless to be
" SONS OF LIGHT," and to have re-
ceived more light than the rest of
mankind. Are we not then more
accountable? Will not our Grand
Master hold us responsible for the
manner in which we have used the^
light he has given us, how we have
•Met Qur light shine before men"
and how we have improved the sior
gular advantages he has given ua
above others? Let every freemason
put these questions to himself, and
consider tlie 8ufc()ec( candidly, and
he will surely answer in the affirma^
tive, and if he is wise, govern him-
self accordingly.

yfe were drawn to the above re-
mark^ ^y ffiading the foregoing
comn^unication relative to the es-
tablishment of misionacy societies.
We had no information of any pre*
cee4ing of the kind, either in Lqu-



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254

is^ille or Hartfinrd, till received
from our correspondent at Prince
ton ; bat we faave documents before
ussbowkig the establishment of a
society in Newhavcn, called the
« Newhaven Masonic Palestine Mis-
gioHory Swdety^^^ the sole object of
which appears to be " to raise funds



VASONrC.

in Newhaven; perfectly coii
with the writer, respecting the first
mentioned book, having perused it
with great satisfaction. The Tena-
plar*8 Chart, we have not yet seen,
but from the well known character
of the author, both m high masoidc
acquirements, and in the diffasna



to be paid to the American Board of D of moral and religious precejpts, we



Commissioners for Foreign Mis-
sions, to be by them excluaivoly ap-
propriated to the diftiision of the
Holy Scriptures among benighted
heathen people, and our Jewish
brethren, and others in Palestine.*'
This institution appeaVs to be patr
rottized by many worthy brethren
and companions, but not under the
sanction of any corporate body of
masons ^ and Hiram lodge of New-
baveo, have publbhed resolutions
disclaiming all connection with said
society, and their disapprobation of
said society's assuming the masonic
eharacterj << inasmuch," tliey say,
^ as the objects of said society have
a sectarian tendency,'' &c. The
foUowmg brethren i^re the officers;

HesBekiah Hotchkiss, president

Reverend B. M. Hill, vice-presi-
dent.

Philip Saunders, treasurer.

M. A. Durrand, corresponding
secretary.

' Sd[>astian M. DuUon, recording
secretary.

Jeremy L. Cross, Zebu] Bradley,
Joel A twater, and W. Boardman, di-
rectors.



Brotber Cross's Charts.
Widi a high degree of pleasure,
we cppy the following article from
the cWecticut Herald, published



cannot entertain an idea, that the
meriu of the work are over-rated.
The work is for sale by the matkor'&
agent, Mr. John P. Havbn, No. 182
Broadway, New- York.

MASONIC.

Of the means which have been
used within the last live years, to
elevate the character of tbe nrasonie
institution in thts^ country, few havip
been more efiectoal than the publi-
cation of the Masonic Chart, by the
right worshipful J^remt L. Cross,
grand lecturer. The book has beea
sanctioned, and recoomiended, by
the general grand chapter of th«
United States ; and, it b believed,
has been generally adopted By tbe
several subordinate chapters and
lodges in this country. It has bad
the happy tendency of produciiiff
an uniformity in the lectures, and
mode of working. Its extensive
circulation among the craft, camiot
fail to be desired, by every brother
acquainted with its merits. Tbose
who have received the higher de-
ll grees of masonry, will be gratified
to learn, that a book, called the
Templar's Chart, has lately been
publislied by the same author.^—
This is a work of merit, and prom*
ises great benefit to the friuemity.
The emblems are judiciously arran-
ged, and the mode of working much
simplified. The importance of thb
work cannot fail to be acknowleged
by every well informed knight. Its
tendency will be, to induce a uniform
mode of working in their degrees,
throughout the country. ItiajnucK



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255



io iie hoped, that the attention of the
iiraternitv may be directed to a work,
Ifom which we have reanon to expect
much benefit. The ability of Mr.
Cross to prepare a work of this kind,
cannot be doubted by any one, ac^
quainted with his niasonic acquire-
ments.



MISCELLANEOUS.



For the Masonic Register.

Mr. Pratt,

I have lately met with a volumi-
nous work, publbhed in London,
during the present year, 1823, and
eutitVed ^^PuUU Character of aU
Nations.'* As it is the <Mily copy
that has reached this coun^, I have
concluded to transcribe, for your
Regiser, a number of tlie sketches.
The present war against the liberty
«f Spain, being particularly interest-
ing to ^e people of this country, I
have transmitted, for prior insertion,
all the distinguished officers that are
m comnDand, both in Uie Spanish
and French armies. Amofeig tlie
first, your readers will be plea^ to
see, Mina, Milans, Tiie £mpecina-
do, Abisbalp and others. In the lat-
ter descriptioD, they will find every
name of note, from Moncey, to Cas-
tex, and Donnadieu. In addition to
the persons there employed, I have
sent you a full series of all the French
heroes, now living, that were in the
battle of Waterloo. I hare been the
rather induced to furnish you with
the last mentioned sketches, in con-
sequence of the singular and ungen-
erous neglect that has attended the
g^;antic, though unsuccessful efforts
o€ those ^champions of freedom.'^
There is scarcely a centurion of tlie
British army, that exerted himself
on that day, that has not obtained a
niche in some periodical repository.
Sinclair, the sergeant, and Shaw, the
desperate life-guardsman, have been
the theme of everv gazette, or pan-
orama, in Great Britain y while on



the other hand, several lieutenant*'
generals, of the unsuccessful army,
commanders indeed of twenty thou-
sand men, Aom tlie peculiar situa-^
tion of their own country, and th6
natural prejudice of their national
enemies, have not even been named
as participators in that sanguinary
and evendul struggle. Some of the
individuals, comprised in this last
classification, have now become the
more interesting, from subsequent
circumstances : such is the case of
Bertrand, the faithful follower of Na-
poleon; general Foy, the intrepid
leader of the liberal party, in the
chamber of delegates; and count
Flahaut, the progenitor of tlie fu-
ture heirs of an English peerage.

All these biographical notices
have been revised, and a number of
them have received material addi-
tions, in order to render them as ii>
teresting as possiUe ; yet it will be
obvious to the reader, that they owe
nothing to the blandishments of com-
position, and are to be received (ac-
cording to the intention of the En-
glish publisher') as a plain unassunv'
ing record of tlie deeds of men, who
hereaAer mav occupy the pages of
a more durable work, than a period-
ical magazine.

A CONSTANT READER.

Ncto-YorkfJune, 1823.

-SKETCHES OF UFING
CHARACTERS.

GENERAL MMA.
Don Francisco Espoz t- Mina^
one of the most distinguished of the
Spanish patriou, is a native of Na-
varre, and was bom in 1782, at the
village of Ydocin, about two miles
from Paropeluna. By some he has
been represented as the son of a mere
peasant, a circumstance which, if
true, would only enhance hb merit ;
but he is, in fact, of a family of con-
sequence. During the war against
the French, his nef^ew, Don Xa-
vier Mina, then a student at the Uni-

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256



UtSCELLAkBOVd,



versity of Saragossa, raised a gue-
rilla cdrps^ with which he performed
several spirited exploits. Xayier
being taken prisoner in ISlO/the
cbniinand of the corps was transfer-
red to Francisco^ who soon render-
ed his name the tenrdr of the French,
firave, active, indefatigable^ full of
lesoureeSy and possessed of an ad»
mirable presence of mind, he inces-
santly harassed^ and wore down
the strengtii of the enemy, not on-
^ in Navarre, but in the neighbour-
ing provinces of Alava and Ara-
gon. Such was the rapidity of his
movements that ndthinj^ could es-
cape him ; not a convoy, not a de-
tachment could move from one
place to anotlie**, that he did not
i^ush upoii it) and in alniost every
mstance he was successful. The
loss which the French sustained, in
this kind of warfare was, incalcu-
lable ; while his was triflings as the
accuracy of the intelligence which
he received prevented him from ev-
er being surprised, and when he was
far outnumbered, his troops d bband-

ed Inr signal, and reunited again j| this occasion Louis behaved in a
in a lew hours, and resumed ofien-
sive operations. It was in vain, that
-to exterminate his division, the ene-
my poured 25,000 men into Navai^
re. He not only stood his ground,
but eventually remained msater of
the province. He was, in fact, oft-
en denominated, the king of N«var-
re. In 1 8 11 , the regency ga ve h im
the rank of colonel 5 in 1812, that
of brigadffer-general ; and soon af-
ter, that of general. His force, in
1813, consisted of 11,000 infantry,
and 2500 cava1i*y, and with this he
co-operated in the siege of Fampe-
luna,and recovered Saragossa, Mon-
gon, Tafalla, Jaca, and various oth*
«r places. When peace wascon-
cluaed, he was besieging St Jean
Pied de Port. After having put his
division into quarters, he went to
Bladrid, and had the mortification
to find, that he had been labourmg
only for the re^tablishment of des-



potism. Disgusted with die ^oik
duct of Ferdinand, and having IhifC-
lessly rfetoobmrated sriih hi^, he en-
deavoUi-ed to perswade the other
Spanish ^eiiertlls> in tlie capmii, lo
jom with him, and ni^ke an effort in
the cause of freedom ; but hi^ inteiH
tions t^ere ^ndered abortive, by the
baneful inflimioe of the prieMhood.
Mina then hastened to Nayaire, with
the determinatioix.of imtiing himself
at the head of his division ; but be
found that the new captain general
had dismissed the troops wbidi coro«
posed iu liey however^ gained over
the garrisoii of Pampeiunn, and was
on the point of proclaiming the con*
stitution, when his plan was^stuh
ted by tlie pusillanimity of so^of
the olHc^rs. He' had now no re-
source, but to sedc an a^Ium io
France, and he reached Pi|iis in
safety. While lie was residing in
the Freiieh capital, he was arrested
by th6 commissary of police, whom
the Spanish ambassador had persup-
ded,or rather bribed, to commit tbic
act of indolence and injustice. On



manner which Was liighly honoura-
ble to him. He turned the co^mlss^
ry out of his piftce, insisted on the am-
bassador being recalled, and not onlj
released Mina, but granted him a
pension of 6000 francs. Tlie Spsa-
ish general was not ungratefhl : he
refused to have an}' intercourse what-
ever with Napoleon, (piitted Fnmce.
joined the king at Ghent, and re*
turned with him to Paris. Till the
army at Cadiz raised the stiindard o^
freedom, he continued to live \&j
privately in France ; but as soon si
that event tookplace^ he hmried
back to Navarre, collected a few
hundreds of his followers^ issued &
proclamation^ calling on the rest to
join him, and was advancing again^
Pampeluna, when a deputation wai
sent to him by .the inhabitants, to in-
form, him that the city had accepted
the new constitution. After the
king had submitted to the. new iff-



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MfSCBLtANKQjtrs



257



der of things, Mina was appointed I in the command of the custom house
captain general of Navarre. Histal-l officers of Asturlas. He tilled the
ents, however, were soon required in 1 same situation in 1808, when the
the field. A few fanatics and lovers French invaded Spain. The Junta
of despotism having succeeded i)\' of Asturias confided to hint the corn-



exciting a formidahle insm'rection m
Catalonia, Mina was entrusted with
the command of the army destined
to act against them. The rugged na-
ture of the country in which he was
placed, the weakness of hi«^ own ar-
my, and the strength of the rebels,
rendered his operations seemingly
tardy at the outset, and the ultra-roy-
alists began to manifest the utmost
confidence and exultation. But they
soon discovered that they had wo-
lully miscalculated. Mina was too
prudent to commit any thing to
diance, when a repulse might have
been productive of disastrous conse-
quences ; but as soon as he had ful-
ly prepared every thing for the con-
flict, he attacked the bands of the
traitors with his wonted impetuosity,
routed them in several encounters,
and drgve them before him, in the
utmost confusion, over the Pyrrenean
frontier, into the French territory.
These victories have increased bis
fame throughout Europe, and he is
regarded as the most experienced
general in Spain, and as the sheet an-
chor of the constitutional cause. In
the present contest, Mina continues
to hold the same command, and is
opposed to the \eh invading corps of
the French army under marshal ^lon-
cey, iu the moimtains of Catalonia.



mand of a regiment, and he became
a brigadier, and afterwards marshal
de camp. At that time the army of
Castile was commanded by Blake
and Castanos. Ballasteros gave re-
peated proofs of his bravery in differ-
ent battles, and eventually was one
of the Spanish generals, who, when
the duke of Wellington appeared in



Online LibraryLuther PrattThe American Masonic register, and Ladies' and gentlemen's magazine [microform] → online text (page 108 of 112)