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The American Masonic register, and Ladies' and gentlemen's magazine [microform] online

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<' in the Red Sea, on the coast of Ara-
bia, to Madagascar, and to the Moluc-
ca and Phillippine Islands; audi know
that the sun illumines all these counr
tries as well as India. He nmkes n»
ctrcQit round a mountain ^ but he ri-
ses in the isles of Japan, which, on
that account, are called Jepon or Ge-
pueriy which signifies the birth of the
sun : and be sets far to the west, be-
hind the British isles. I am certain
of this ; for I was told so, when a boy,
by my grand-father, who had sailed
to the very extremities of the ocean."
He was proceeding, when one of our
crew ittterrupted him: " There is not
a country," said he, " in which the
course of the sun is better known than
In England. ^ I caa inform you then,

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that it rises nmi sets no wb^re. It
coRstantly makes the circuit of tbe
earth. I am very certain of this ; for
we are just returned from a iike circuit
' round tbe globe, and we met tlie sun
every where.'' Tbea taking a stick
from one of his auditors, he traced a
circle on the sand, and eiideavoured to
show the course of the sun ffom trop-
ic to tropic ; but being unable to ex-
plain hiinadf, he appealed to the pilot
of his owa ship for the truth of his as-
sertion. This pilot was a sensible roan,
who had attended in silence to the dis-
pute ; but when he saw that the whole
company were attentively waiting for
hb opinion, he thus addressed them :
<< My friends, you are mutually deceiv-
ing each other* The sun does not turn
round the earth, on the contrary, the
earth turns round the sun, present-
i«g to it every twenty-four hours, the
Isles of Japan, the Moluccas, Sumatra,
Africa, Europe, and many, other coun-
tries. U does not shine for a single
mountain only, for an island, a horizon,
an ocean, or even for the whole earth ;
but it is in the centre of the universe,
whence it enlightens, not only the earth
but five other planets, some of which
are much larger than the earth itself,
and at a far greater distance from the
sun. Such A>r instance, is the planet
Saturn, 30,000 leagues in diameter,
and distaal from the sun 28^ millions
of leagues ; not to memion their at-
tendant moons, which reflect the solar
light to the most distant planets. You
would each have an idea of these sub-
lime truths, were you to take a noctur-
nal view of the heavens ; and if you
did not foster the silly pride ofbeliev-
iQg, that the sun was made for a sin-
gle country only.'' llius spok^, to
the great astonishment of his auditors,
the pilot who had made a voyage round
the world, and attentively observed
the heaveas.

<' It is the same,'' added the disci-
ple of Confucius, '^ with God as with
the sun. Every man believes that he
exclusively possesses the Deity, in hi»
own chapel^ or, at least iu b^ own



country. All cations imagine, thai ia
their respective temples, they eudoae
that glorious Being whom the visibk
universe cannot contain. But is tlivre
a temple comparable to thai which
God himself hath erected, to collect
all men, as it were, in one comimisiafi?
Ail tbe tem|)les of tiie earth are but im-
itatioas of the universal temple of »«»
ture. In tlie greatest part of thena we
find places for absolution, a»d vm^^
of holy water, columns, cupolas, lamps^
statues, inscriptions, boolcs of the Isrw,
sacrifices, altars, and priests. But i«t
what temple is there a sacred vessel
so capncious as tbe sea, which is not
contained in a shell ? culuaiDs so oobJe
as those of the trees of the liirest, or of
th^ orchards loaded with fruit ? A €«-
pola so sublime as tbe firaumontt, ac
a lamp so resplendent as the sua ?
where can we behold statues so iote<
resting as numbers of rattuiial beings,
who mutually love, and aid, and Md
converse with each other ; Insrciptioiis
more intelligible, or more devout than
the bounties of nature ? A book of the
law so universal as the love of Godl^
resulting from a grateful sense of Jii»
goodness ; or as the love of our feltow-
creaturesy so intimately connected with
our own welfare ? Sacrifices more aA
fecting thau hymns of praise to the
Universal Parent and Benefactor of
all; or than tbe tender sensations
with which we regard those, with
whom it is our duty to participate la
all the blessings of existence ? In a
word, an altar so sacred as the iieart
of the good man, of which God him-
self is the priest ? Thus the aMire ex-
alted the ideas which man entertnia*
of the omnipotence of God, the better
will he become acquainted with hi«» ;
and the greater the degree of indi^
gence with which he treats hia breth-
ren of mankind, the more will he imi-
tate his goodness. Let not him f bea
who en|c^s the tight of the Deii^r dil^
fiised throughottl the universe^ deapiae
tbe superstitious man, who perceiyea
only a small ray of it in ao iUol, ikm:
even the atheist who is taulljr defNii-

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Vfed of It ; l«st, 94 a ptiuishmrnt of kis
prtde, be meet with the fate of this
philosopher, who mshlag to engross
to bimsiilf the light of the sun, became
bHad, and was reduced to submit to
tbe guidance of a poor Negro and his
koip."

Thus spoke the disciple of Coafu*
GUIS ; and the whole company in the
cofiet^ouse^ who had been disputing
on the excellence of their respective
neligtoBSy now mfised in silence on
vbai bad fallen from bis lips.



CURE OF TWO PERSOaNS PEAF AND
DUMB.

The " Narrateur de la Meiise,'? a
French paper, contains the following
artide or cinre of two deaf and dnmb
persons, wkojrecovered their bearing
and speech. This novel and success-
ful operation was performed by a
young practitioner, a doctor of niedi-
cioe^ of the faculty of Paris, ex-sur-
geon to the 4th regiment of Cuirassiers,
esUbUsbed at Mibie, (Mense.) The
two deaf and dumb, who underwent
Ihe <^)erations (whereby ^e perforated
with dexterity and success the meatus
aeditoriHs) are Mademobelle Biver de
St. Mibtel, aged sixteen years, and the
Sietir Toussaint, son of the asnstant
m^iairate of Uans-sur-Meuse, aged
tweiny<^bt yewrs.

' Tbe young girl is doing extremely
well. It is more than a month since
she underwent tbe operalioii. Her
left ear is entirely healed, and the
opening made to the tympanum al-
ways continues, wbidt is aSsolutely
necessary. She takes notice of the
least sounds, and begins to articulate
wt>rds io a very satisfactory manner.
Hfr Tivaeity pleases^ and her figure
chaises for the better. She is inces-
santiy hamming Kavioos airs which
ber aistera leach htr.
"ft The yoaog man o£ Hana-sur-Meuse,
#ho was operated upon a short time
sHice, hears as well a» bis ceiarades,
and eves noie lively. His right ear
m ioer tbaft bis le^*^be nalces con*



stant efforts to pronounce all soils of
words. Tbe surgeon from whom W6
have tl»e particulars, hopes I^mI hn
tbi^ or four months the two sul]^ecte
will speak perfectly. It is evidekH
tliat, they must be instructed like cbH-'
dren, who begin to make tbe first ef-
forts to articulate.

Mr. Deleau informs us^ that he b
constructing an instrument, which will
a (Turd tlte happy facility of finishing
the operation^ in three minutes, by
which its success will be more certain.
Hy means of this instrument he will
raise on the tympanic membrane
•eiH)ugh of substance to prevent the ne-
cessity of Jul rod ucing probes into ihe
perforation during from thirty to forty
days. He is of opinion, that he* can
restore the hearing of all those who
have been deprived of it by the ob-
struction of the eustachian organ, and
by the obesity of the membrane of tbe
tympanum.



PUZ2UNG LAW QOESTION.

The following authentic anecdote
goes far to disprove the declaration of
the wise man of old, that '< there is
nothing new under the sun:'' The
papers of Stockholm relate a private
transaction wJiich has given rise to a
law suit, the circumstances of which
embarrass the most celebrated jurists.
The case is as follows; The wife of a
peasant was earried off by a natural
death. Tbe widower made all tbe
arrangements for her interment, con*
formably to the established usage of
tbe country ; but he put into the coffin
only a large log, and carried the body
of tbe defunct into a wood, where he
used it as a bait for catching wolyes.
He at last succeeded in killisg a mon«
stroos wolf, and several foxes, on tbe
body of his wife.

The civil anthority. coatideriog his
cottdoct as reprehensible, commenced
a prosecution against biiii; but it ap>
peared that it was one of these unfor^*
seen cases not provided for by any law*
Tbe questloa to be/

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384 MtSCKLLAMBOITS.

whetbct this new kiod of hunter sboirid
be pnnitbed, or whether be has a right
to the bottn^ given by kiw to the de-
stroyers of those noxious animals, and
which is paid on producing the feet of
the wolf, and the ears of the fox.

French pf^er.

NEW MACHINE.
A new invented machine for pro-
pelling a vessel in a calm, at sea, was
recently tried at Boston, on board the
United States' frigate Constitution, in
the presence of a number of officers of
the navy. Its success was equal to
the most sanguine expectations of the
inventor, and tliose who were witnes-
ses qf the experiment. Its power on
the frigate was sufficient, in the opin-
ion of all the officers present, to have
propelled her at the rate of three miles
an hour, had it been calm; as against
a fresh southerly wind, a flood tide,
and a chain cable astern, it consider-
ably slackened the cable by which she
was riding, and evidently forced the
ship ahead. The inventor, (sailing-
roaster Briscoe Doxey, of the United
States' navy) has so arranged the 6a ps-
tain and messenger to this machine,
that the whole disposable force of the
sWp can be at once applied to it ; and
the most favourable resnlts are confi-
dently expected from its Aiture use.



In a St. John, N. B. paper of the Ist Inst,
received by the schooner Nancy, we And
the following article, taken from a West-
India paper.

BOA CONSTRICTOR. ,

Kingtitmy St. VmcerU, March 17.
A most singular circumstance oc-
corred last we^, in the Charaib coun-
try, when some n^oes, who were
working near Sandy Bay, discovered
an immense serpent, hitherto wholly
unknown as existing in any of these
islands, and which, ther attacking the
man by whom it was first discovered,
and alarming several others, who had
gone in search of it, was finally killed
by one of the party, who shot it through



the head with a musket, which he had
eharged with three bull^'' 1*^^' moo-
ster is supposed to have been a species
of the Boa, so common on the netgh*
bouring continent, and was found to
measure 1 3 feet from -the bead to where
a kind of tail appeared formed^ whieli
was between 14 and 15 inches 5 the
circumference -o( the body was €mm
three to four feet. When first disco-
vered, it lay in a kind of coti, bol, m
being roused, raised its body erect, and
must have had a most formidaUe ap-
pearance. An attempt, we understand
has been made to preserve the skin,
which we hope may be successfiil 5 and
we shall jendeavour to procure come
further particulars of this singnUr ani-
mal, from our friends in the windwaMl
country for our next publicatioo.*-
When it came, or how conveyed hith-
er, is, of course, only matter of cob^-
tore.

Mofth 2fC

The appearance of a large snake,
in the northern part of this ishrod, bn-
ving excited much conversation, «ul
public curiosity not being sadsfieti widi
the accounts given of that amoml, 1
have requested the intelligem gend&-
men who saw it, to give an accorate
description of it, in order that we might
assign its place in the scale of anlnali,
and so remove the anxiety that always
attends a phenomenon, wbich is either
new, or of a doubtful nature. Those
gentlemen have not only done thia, bat
have politely presented me with soeh
parts of the creature as have escaped
the rage of those who killed it, or the
negligeolN Of those employed to pre-
serve iu exuviae. The result of my
inquiry I send you for your jomoak

The serpent killed kt Sandv Bigry
on the 6th inst. is a spedes of the Imi
of Cuvier, who places the genus in the
second tribe of the second fssoSif^
the order Ophidians, of hn daas U
reptiles, Its*character, deduced fttm-
the order, the fenus and ^ specter ll
thefoUowing: the jaw bone, the pshiie
bones, knd the oilier IxMMa it Ae
I mouth, are attached, to eacli other «id

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lo the cranium, by elastic ligaments,
which, by stretching, allow the dilata-
ble throat to receive bodies of dimen*
sioos larger than the mouth, in its or-
dinary or quiescent state. Each pp-
per and lower jaw bone, and each
palate bone, is furnished with a row of
sharp, fixed, unpierced teeth, curved
backwards, so that the mouth contains
SIX nearly parallel rows of teeth, four
above, and two below. 'The windpipe
is very long, and there is bat one lung.
The tail is reprehensible, and has at
i^ root two homy hooks or claws,
aometbing like the spurs of a cock.
Along the back there runs a broad
chain, formed of large, irregular, hex-
agonal, blackish spots, alternately with
others which are pale, and of an oval
shape ; scales under the body and tail,
single and traversal. Such is the Boa,
as described by Cuvier^ and such ex-
actly is the description of the animal
found at Sandy Bay. It was fourteen
feet long; and Its greatest diameter,
when jejune, was seven inches : when
killed it was gorged, apparently with
a kid or a lamb.

This species of snake is very com-
mon in the^uthern continent of Ame-
rica, where it sometimes grows to the
lea^h of 30 or 40 feet, and is a formi-
dable foe to sheep, deer, goats, and
(according to some accounts) even to
cattle. Its usual haunt is the bank of
a river, where, clinging by the tail to
the bough of a tree, it allows its euor*
inous bulk to float lazily on the sur-
face of the stream, or coils itself up in
the foliage of the tree, and there waits,
ill patient ambush, the arrival of any
unfortunate animal which chance or
thirst may bring that way. It then
darts upon it, and drags it to its tree,
^circling both tree and animal in its
toldSf breaks all the large bones, and
reduces the carcase to a soft pulpy
mass, which it '^overs with slimy sali-
va ; it then strains its extensible jaws
mid throat, and by a tedious process
transmits the whole volume to its
Stomach. During digestion, which
continues many days, it is quite torpid
A a a



and defenceless, and becomes an easy
prey to the lord of the creation.

This, then. Sir, is the animal that
has been among us. Is it indigenous,
or is it impoited ? Nothing of the kind
has hitherto been seen in this or the
neighbouring island. This is a strong
presumption of its previous non-exist-
ence here. Three mouths before its
discovery, a tree, belonging to the re-
gion where this creature is known to
abouud, was driven on our shores, not
200 yards from the spot where it was
killed. Tliis is a presumption that it
is imported. Shall we then say, that
It was a passenger on the tree ? Shall
we imagine, that some flood of the
Oronoco or Essequibo has swept tree
and snake into the ocean ? and that
some envious southerly gale has wa(l^
ed them to the shore of St. Vincent ?*
It is possible ! It is probable ! If so,
let us fervently hope that tlie receptidu
which he has met with, may be a
warning to his countrymen to stay at
home, and cease to disturb the repose
of this peaceful iblaiid.

* The leniicth of the way is not an im-
portant objection. The slowness of di-
gestion, a.nd of the other natural functions,
would enable it to sustain a voyage of
much greater length. It id not ampbibinus
nor venomous.



AGRICULTURE.

INDIAN CORN.

Much damage often occurs by the
i/?i>e worm J and other small worms,
destroying the kernel or sprout of
corn soon after it is planted ; the fol-
lowing is a remedy: At the time of
planting, drop in each hill a piece of
cob. The worms will work in this,
and not touch the corn.

From a North Carolin* paper.

SEED CORN.

I have been for several years in the

practice of selecting my seed corn in

the field, before gathering my crop,

from such stalks as bore two ears,



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HISTORICAL.



takii^ those of the best appearance;
which I tbiok has been a means of im-
proving my crop. I have abomade
another experiment on seed corn,
which is very simple. I broke a suf-
ficient number of ears of com in two,
to make setd to plant two certain
pieces of f^ound^ both pieces of the
same quantity, and prepared in the
same way. I planted one piece with
the seed from the butt end of the ear,
the other from the top end ; both pie-
ces had the same cultivation. The
piece planted ifith seed from the butt
end, poroduced seven bushels per acre
more than that planted with the seed
irom ihe top end.

N. NEWLIN.



HISTORICAL,^

BIOGRAPHT OF GENERAL JACKSON.

(Concluded from page 849.)

The prosecution of the war being
attended with so many embarrass-
ments, the governor of Tennessee re-
commended general Jackson to with-
draw his forces from the eneiay's
country until appearances were more
fiivourable. Without hesitation^ he
declined following the advice, and with
a perseverance which suraiounted eve-
ry obstacle, he continued to hold pos-
session of the territory which he had
invaded* His army at times, was
augmented by the arrival of reinforce-
ments, and as frequently diminished
by the retirement of those, whose pe-
riod of service had expired. At length
he came up with the enemy, whom he
defeated in two several battles, in the
neighbourhood of Emuckfaw hills. —
And on the succeeding day, January
28, 1814, he routed them in a sanguin-
ary action at Enotichopco, which ter-
minated the campaign. Early in the
spring, the war was renewed, and after
experiencing the same difficulties, of
scarcity of supplies, and consequent
sedition ; he finally overtook a large
body of Cr^ek warriors at Tohopeka,



where they were sheltered by strong
works, and in an jna^:^ble position.
An obstinate convict cii^iied, which
terminated in their almost total de-
struction ; four, only, of their number,
consenting to surrender. Five hun-
dred and fif^y-seven were left on the
ground, and a greater number either
perished, or had been thrown in the
river. The hostile Indians now dis-
heartened, desired a peace; and in
order to put their sincerity at once to
the test, general Jackson directed them
to deliver up Weatherford, the chiel^
who headed the savages, at the stom^
ing of fort Mimms.

He, hearing of the demand made
of his nation, voluntarily entered the
camp, and presenting himsdf before
the American commander, told him
that his name was Weatherford, and
that he had come to demand peace for
himself and people. General Jackaopi
astonished, that a man for whom he
intended the severest punishment,
should, without compulsion, venture
to appear in his presence, told him he
was at a loss what course to parsoe.
The chief sternly replied^ ^' I am in
your power— do with me as you please.
I am a soldier. I have done the white
people all the harm I could ; 1 have
fought them, and fonght them bravely :
If I had an array, I would yet fight,
and contend to the last; but I have
none; my people are all gone. I can
now do no more than weep over the
misfortunes of my nation." Pleased
with the intrepidity of this modem
Coriolanus, general Jackson informed
him that the terms of peace had alre«f>
dy been disclosed, but if he wished to
continue the war, he was at perfect
liberQrto retire; otherwise he m^t
remain where he was, and should -be
protected. Weatherford answered, <' I
may be well addressed in this lanraage
now. There was a time when 1 lamd
a choice, and would have answered
you: I have none now— even kqpe
has ended.. Once I could
my warriors to battle ; but I
ammatethe deadi My wairiensj

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W



no longer heac my voice; th^r bones
are at Talladega, Tultushatchee, £u-
mbckfawy and Tohopeka. I have
not surrendered myself tbouj^htlessly.
Whilst there were chances of success,
I never left my post, nor supplicated

riace. But my people are gone, and
now ask it for my nation, and for
myself. On the miseries and misfor-
tunes brought upon my country, I
look back with the deepest sorrow,
and wish to avert still greater calami-
ties. If I had been left to contend
with the Geoi^ia army [alone], I
would have raised my corn on one
bank of the river, and fought them on
the other; but your people have de-
stroyed my nation, i ou are a brave
man: I rely upon your generosity.''
The terms having been acceded to by
the Creeks, Weatherford returned to
bis^ people, and general Jackson^ hav-
ing disbanded his forces, returned to
Nnhville, after an absence of eight
months.

General Jackson was now appoint-
ed a major-general in thie service of
the United States, and shortly after
proceeded to Mobile. The Spanish
authorities in Florida, had ever afford-
ed refuge and protection to the Creeks,
and as uiese were now extended to the
British, he determined to take pos9es-
tkm of Pensacola. Accordingly, on
being joined by a brigade of mounted
men under general Coffee, he marched
against the place, which fell into his
power, after a trifling resistance.

The mavemente of the British na-
val force, now indicated an intention
of invading some part of our southern
border, ao^ general Jachson, leaving
the Alabama country, proceeded to
New Orleans, where ne arrived on the
Isf of l>ecember, 1814. He immedi«
alely commenced the most active pre-
parations for the defence of that city.
Id a few days after his arrival, infor-
■Bfttion was received that .the gun-
boats on lake B^rgae, had been over-
|iowered eoid taken by the barges of
tbe Britkh squadron* It was now
evident that New Orleans, was tfm H



object which the enetny had in view;
and general Jackson immediately oi^
dered the brigade of Coffee, which oc-
cupied a central position, to advance
without delay. In his communica-
tion to that officer, he observed, ^^ Yon
must not sleep until you arpive within
striking distance : your accustomed
activity is looked for." Nor was he
disappointed ; as that expeditious
commander, leaving behind such as
could not be mounted, reached the
city on the evening of the second day,
after a forced march of nearly twQr
hundred miles ; and a few hours after- '
waids, the division of Tennessee mili-
tia under major-general Carroll, which
came down tbe Mississippi river, also
arrived. On the third diay, subsequent
to the arrival of these forces, the Brit-
ish army effected a landing about sev-
en miles below the city. Leaving
Carroll's division in the rear, Genend
Jackson marched at the head of bis
other troops to meet the enemy. He
came up with them in the night, and
after a severe conflict, in wmch the
contendiuff armies became intermin-
gled %y the darkness, they retired to
thei^ respective camps.

The British commander, alarmed at
an attack so violent and unexpectec^
remained within his lines, waiting for
the debarkation of the remainder of hif
forces, and general Jackson retired to
within abput four miles of the etty.
His line extended from the river to an
impassable cypress swamp on his left ^
and aloi^ the front ran one of the old
canals, or <^ big ditches," with which
this prairie country had been intersect*
ed. This canal was now 4ieepened
and widened, and a strong mud wall
formed of the earth that had been
originally thrown out. To prevent
any approach until his system of de-
fence should be in a state of greater
forwardness, general Jackson ordered
^ levee (or raised bank of tbe river)
to be cut, and the Mississippi being
then very high, the whole plain in
front of his worics was inundated to
the depth of thirty ef/forQriuches. In

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HISTORICAL.



this state both armies remained, with
the exception of several bombard-
ments, and some indecisive attacks,
until the 8th of January, 1815. The
position of the American forces on
that memorable day, was as follows :
on the right bank of the Mississippi
were stationed a brigade of Kentucky
militia, commanded by general Mor-
gan, and the sailors of the flotilla,
(which had been dismantled or des-
troyed) under commodore Patterson.
On the left bank, the regular troops
. were on the right ; Carroll's division of
Tennessee militia, in the centre ; and
the brigade of general Coflee, (now



Online LibraryLuther PrattThe American Masonic register, and Ladies' and gentlemen's magazine [microform] → online text (page 58 of 112)