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This Treatise on the Diseases of Women
Is Dedicated to the Women of the World.

Yours for Health
Lydia E. Pinkham

This entire book copyrighted in 1901 and 1904 by the Lydia E. Pinkham
Medicine Co., of Lynn, Mass., U. S. A. All rights reserved and will be
protected by law.

List of Lydia E. Pinkham's Remedies.

+Illustration of Products+

Put up in three forms: Liquid, Lozenge, and Pills Price, $1.00




=Experience a Perfect Teacher.= - Do you know what it is to suffer pain?
Have you had your body racked and torn with intense suffering? Have you
ever experienced that indescribable agony which comes from overworked

Have you ever felt the sharp, stinging pain, the dull, heavy pain, the
throbbing, jumping pain, the cramping, tearing pain, the sickening,
nauseating pain? Then you know all about them. Nobody can tell you
anything more. Experience is a perfect teacher.

=Book-Learning Alone Not Sufficient.= - Suppose you had never experienced
pain, but had just read about it in a book, do you think you would have
any kind of an idea of what genuine suffering was? Most certainly not.

Book knowledge is valuable. It teaches the location of countries, the
use of figures, and the history of nations; but there are some things
books cannot do, and the greatest of these is, they cannot describe
physical and mental suffering. These are things that must be

=Personal Experience Necessary.= - After you have once suffered, how ready
you are to sympathize with those who are going through the same severe
trials. If a member of your own home or a friend is passing through the
trying ordeal of motherhood, and you have suffered the same, how you can
advise, suggest, comfort, guide! If you have had a personal experience
of intense agony once every month, do you not think you are in a far
better position to talk with one who is suffering in the same way than
you would be if you had never gone through all this?

=You Best Understand Yourself.= - But let us go a little farther in this
study. When you listen to an eminent orator, you have but little idea
whether he is nervous or not, but little idea whether he is undergoing a
severe strain or not; for you have never been in his place, cannot
understand just that condition.

Men become greatly interested in political matters; perhaps it often
seems to you that they become too much disturbed; and yet how can you
judge, for you have never been in their place? And so we might go on,
giving illustration after illustration as additional proof to this one
great fact.


=Man Cannot Know Woman's Suffering.= - What does a man know about the
thousand and one aches and pains peculiar to a woman? He may have seen
manifestations of suffering, he may have read something about these
things in books, but that is all. Even though he might be exceedingly
learned in the medical profession, yet what more can he know aside from
that which the books teach? Did a man ever have a backache like the
dragging, pulling, tearing ache of a woman? No. It is impossible.

=Even Medical Men Cannot Understand These Things.= - To a man, all pain
must be of his kind; it must be a man-pain, not a woman-pain. Take, for
instance, the long list of diseases and discomforts which come directly
from some derangement of the female generative organs; as, for instance,
the bearing-down pains, excessive flowing, uterine cramps, and
leucorrhoea. Do you think it possible for a man to understand these
things? Granting that he may be the most learned man in the medical
profession, how can he know anything about them only in a general way?
You know, we know, everybody knows that he cannot.


=Relief First Offered in 1873.= - Away back in '73 these thoughts came to
Lydia E. Pinkham. She saw the most intense suffering about her on every
hand, and yet no one seemed able to give relief. Her thorough education
enabled her to understand that nearly all the suffering of womankind was
due to diseases and affections peculiar to her sex.

The whole question resolved itself into just this: If a remedy could be
made that would relieve all inflammations and congestions of the
ovaries, Fallopian tubes, uterus, and other female organs, the days of
suffering for women would be largely over.

=First Made on a Kitchen Stove.= - Could this be done? Mrs. Pinkham
believed with all her heart that it was possible. So on a kitchen stove
she began the great work which has made her name a household word
wherever civilization exists. Without money, but with a hopeful heart,
she made up little batches of this remedy to give to neighbors and
friends whom she felt could be relieved by it.

The story soon spread from house to house, from village to village, from
city to city. Now it looked as if a business might be established upon a
permanent basis, a basis resting upon the wonderful curative properties
of the medicine itself.

="We Can Trust Her."= - By judicious advertising the merits of this
remarkable remedy were set forth; and before she was hardly aware of it,
she found herself at the head of one of the largest enterprises ever
established in this country.

That face so full of character and sympathy, soon after it was first
published, years ago, began to attract marked attention wherever it was
seen. Women said, "Here is one to whom we can tell our misery, one who
will listen to our story of pain, one whom we can fully trust." And so
the letters began to arrive from every quarter. Now hundreds of these
letters are received every day. More than a hundred thousand were
written in a single year. Everyone is opened by a woman, read by a
woman, sacredly regarded as written strictly in confidence by one woman
to another. Men do not see these letters.

=Men Never See Your Letters.= - Do you want a strange man to hear all about
your particular disease? Would you feel like sitting down by the side of
a stranger and telling him all those sacred things which should be known
only by women? It isn't natural for a woman to do this; it isn't like
her, isn't in keeping with her finer sense of refinement.

=No Boys Around.= - And then, how would it be when some boy opens the
letters, steals time to read a few before they are handed to some other
boy clerk to distribute (and probably read) around the office to the
various departments? It makes one almost indignant to think how light
and trivial these serious matters are so often regarded.

=You Write to a Woman.= - But when you know your letter is going to be seen
only by a woman, one who sympathizes with you, feels sorry for you,
knows all about you, how different all this seems.

=Confidence Never Violated.= - Although there are preserved in the secret
files of Lydia E. Pinkham's laboratory many hundreds of thousands of
letters from women from all parts of the world, yet in not a single
instance has the writer accused Mrs. Pinkham of violating her

=The Largest Experience in the World.= - The one thing that qualifies a
person to give advice on any subject is experience - experience creates
knowledge. No person can speak from a greater experience with female
ills nor a greater record of success than Mrs. Pinkham. Thousands of
cases come each month, some personally, others by mail; and this has
been going on thirty years, day after day, and day after day, thirty
years of constant success - think of the knowledge thus gained. Surely
women are wise in seeking advice from a woman with such an
experience - especially when it is free. If you are ill get a bottle of
Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound at once - then write Mrs. Pinkham,
Lynn, Mass.

What medical man has ever lived who has prescribed for so many women?
What whole corps of physicians in any hospital or medical college has
answered so many letters, or treated in any way so many patients?

=She Helps Everyone.= - No woman ever writes to her for advice without
getting help. No matter how rare you think your case may be, she is
almost certain to find letters on file asking advice for other cases of
the same kind. By special permission of the writers I print a few of the
letters showing what cures have been effected. But if the reader could
go through these secret files which are never shown, she might hour
after hour, day after day, week after week, spend her whole time reading
letters, each one telling some special story of rescue from serious
illness, intense suffering, or impending death.

=The Largest Record of Cures.= - The writers of these letters are found in
every clime and there is hardly a country in the world without its
multitude of grateful women cured by Lydia E. Pinkham's medicines. They
have the largest record of absolute cures from female ills known to have
been effected by any physician or his medicines.



=Important to the Nation.= - It is impossible to fully comprehend how
important to us as a nation is the health of the young women of to-day.
We fail to realize that these women are to be the mothers of the next
generation, and that in their hands will lie, in large measure, the
power to form the characters and direct the destinies of the boys and
girls of the future.

=Woman Must Be Strong.= - We may educate our young men all we wish, yet we
cannot have national power through their strength alone. The women of
the country must have this physical education if we are to have a people
that is strong and hearty.

Upon the sound health and vigor of the young women of to-day will
depend, to a large extent, the health and capacity of the future

=What are Girls Worth?= - It is estimated that there are about twelve
million young women in the United States between fourteen and
twenty-eight years of age. What are these young women worth to the home,
to the State, to the nation, to the human race? This is largely a
question of physical health.

It is the stern duty of the mother to make this clear to her daughter,
and it is the solemn duty of every young woman to thoroughly study the
subject herself.

=Not Prepared for Motherhood.= - But largely through ignorance, often
through indifference, these young girls become mothers when little
prepared to do so, and they find not only their own health shattered
thereby, but also that they are the mothers of weak, delicate, and
perhaps deformed children.

=Women Desire Children.= - We read a great deal in the newspapers about how
American women are doing everything they possibly can to prevent having
children. This is not in accord with our experience. It is a slander on
American womanhood, - it is an outrageous falsehood.

In not one letter in a thousand which we receive do wives ask how
childbearing may be prevented, while every day brings us many, many
letters asking if something cannot be done in order that there may be a
baby in the house.

=A Healthy Mother and Child.= - If you desire a child, you wish a healthy
child; and you certainly desire to be a strong mother, one capable of
caring for her infant in every way, and able to direct it all through
its young life. Then let us give you some advice.

=Why Some Women Do Not Have Children.= - The reason why some wives do not
have children may be entirely the fault of the husband; but if this is
not the case, then in all probability there is some inflammation of the
generative organs. This may be of recent or of old standing. It must be
thoroughly removed before the impregnated egg from the ovary can become

=The Cure for this Condition.= - That these changes can be brought about in
a vast number of cases I have the most positive testimony. I have
advised such wives to continually use Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable
Compound; and, with this treatment alone, such a healthy condition of
the generative organs has been brought about that pregnancy has very
soon followed. This is precisely according to nature's laws, as I have
indicated before.

Therefore, I say to every wife who desires a child, "Give Lydia E.
Pinkham's Vegetable Compound a thorough trial. If the fault is yours,
the Compound will surely remove it, and the longing of your heart will
be satisfied."



=The Reproductive Instinct Strong.= - The reproductive instinct is very
strong in the human race, as is indicated by the large amount of energy
the woman expends in the bearing of children, and by both sexes in the
care and education of their young. As we know, it is only by the
production of new individuals that the continuance of the race is

=Problems of Reproduction.= - The problems of reproduction are extremely
broad, involving not only the immediate questions of individual
reproduction, but also those broader and deeper ones which relate to

=A New Life, By Chance.= - It is a most astonishing fact that nearly all
persons born into the world are given life as the result of chance
rather than by careful design. "If my parents had only known!" is the
frightful wail of many a wretched life.

=To Create is Divine.= - At no time does man come so near being omnipotent
as when, by the tremendous powers given him, a new life is called into
existence. And yet, whether strong or weak, refreshed or exhausted,
healthy or diseased, sober or intoxicated, sweet or ill-tempered,
yielding or resisting, a new life is begun which may be either of two
extremes. How great are such questions! The human mind seems appalled
when asked to consider them.

=Education on These Subjects Necessary.= - It is not the purpose of this
book to moralize upon these themes, or to say what should and should not
be done; but knowing something of the wretchedness of womankind, and the
fearful slavery she often has to endure, I can only hope, with all my
heart, that the coming generation may be better educated on these most
important topics. It is with a thought or two of this kind in mind that
I append the following brief outline of this subject: -

=Two Sexes Necessary.= - In the higher animals two sexes are necessary for
the reproduction of the race, the male and the female. Each contributes
some particular element toward the beginning of a new life; this is
known as the germ-cell.

=The Germ-Cells.= - The germ-cells of the male are called spermatozoa, and
those of the female, ova. The reproductive process is simply a fusion,
or union of these male and female germ-cells.

=The Male Elements.= - The spermatozoa are exceedingly delicate and minute;
they constitute the greatest part of the semen, or sperm. They are
peculiar shaped bodies, having a head, body, and tail, as illustrated in
the accompanying figure, and they can only be seen by powerful
magnifying glasses. (Fig. 1.)

~FIG. 1. At the left are six spermatozoa, or male-elements, male
germ-cells. At the right is an ovum, egg, female germ-cell. All
highly magnified.~

They have the remarkable property of moving about with considerable
activity, and their number is almost beyond computation.

=Only One Male Element Necessary.= - Although this number is so vast, yet
only a single one is required to endow the female cell, or egg, with
life. It is another illustration of how nature does everything possible
to increase the chances of perpetuating the race, for without such
immense numbers, the chances of the female egg being fertilized would be
much less.

=May Live for Days.= - Although these male elements can live but a few
hours outside of the body, even when especial precautions are taken to
make every thing favorable to their existence, yet they have been known
to maintain their full life in the vaginal canal for more than eight
days after their discharge; another remarkable provision of nature, for
the prolonged existence of these cells increases the probability of the
fertilization of an egg, and thus increases the chances of producing a
new life.

=The Female Element.= - As I have already said, the female germ-cell is
also known as the ovum, or egg. A single ovum is shown in Fig. 1.

If not fertilized by the male elements, the egg passes off into the
outside world; if fertilized, it stops in the cavity of the uterus,
where it forms an attachment. Here it remains until perfectly developed,
when, at the end of nine months, it is brought forth to the outside
world as a perfect infant.

=One Female Element; Many Male Elements.= - The human ovum is often said to
be a miniature of the egg of the common fowl, although there are some
quite marked differences between the two. It is a very interesting fact
to note that there is only one egg given off at a time; while there are
many thousands of the male elements. This is in harmony with the larger
size of the egg, and the fact that while this egg awaits fertilization
it is most carefully protected within the body of the mother.

=Where is Life First Made?= - Where the wonderful union of the male and
female elements takes place is not definitely known, although it is
generally believed that it is upon the surface of the ovary, itself.

If this be true, then it is necessary for the male element to traverse
the whole length of the uterine cavity, out along the course of the
Fallopian tube, and there be deposited on the surface of the ovary.

=The Fertilized Egg.= - When a fertilized or impregnated egg is set free
from the surface of the ovary, it follows the same course that the
unimpregnated egg does until it reaches the uterus. Here some most
remarkable changes immediately take place whereby the egg is held firmly
to the inner wall of the uterine cavity; while the unimpregnated egg, as
I have said, passes down the uterine cavity into the vagina, and thus
out of the body. In other words, the fertilized egg is retained within
the body, while the unfertilized one is cast off.

=One Egg Discharged Each Month.= - An ovum, or egg, is discharged during
each menstrual period. It cannot be seen because of its minute size, a
magnifying glass being necessary to detect it, even under favorable
conditions. At just what time during this period the ovum is cast from
the body is not definitely known, but it is generally thought to be
toward the latter part.

=Time When Fertilization is Most Probable.= - From this it is seen that but
one egg fully develops and ripens ready to be fertilized each month. As
it is the ripened egg which is thrown off at each menstrual period,
therefore it follows that the fertilization of this egg would be most
probable at about the time of menstruation.

=Times When Ova Do Not Ripen.= - As a rule, these ova do not ripen, or
develop, either during pregnancy, or during the nursing of the child,
although there are certain exceptions to this rule; for menstruation
occasionally takes place during lactation and pregnancy, and pregnancy
itself may occur while the mother is nursing her child.



=A Vegetable Compound.= - I hardly think it necessary to mention in detail
the separate ingredients of Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound. We
wish to call your attention, however, to that word "Vegetable."

I do not believe in mercury, arsenic, and the host of mineral poisons
which are found in so many remedies. When taken into the system they
disturb every function, interfere with the most vital processes, and
produce the most disastrous consequences.

=The Purest and Best.= - Knowing these things, Mrs. Pinkham was exceedingly
careful to put only the purest and choicest of products of the vegetable
kingdom into her Compound. Each of the roots and herbs is selected with
the most extreme care, and all are prepared under the personal
supervision of the most thoroughly trained specialists.

=One Secret.= - One great secret of the success of Lydia E. Pinkham's
Vegetable Compound is that each vegetable is so treated that all useful
elements are retained, and all useless discarded.

=Highly Concentrated.= - For instance, it is possible for the expert
workmen in our laboratory to condense all the medicinal power that
exists in a pound of the coarse root into a mass no larger than could be
held on the point of a knife. In this way it is possible for a
teaspoonful of the Vegetable Compound to represent all the curative
properties usually found in eight or ten times that quantity; in other
words, it is highly concentrated.

=Acts Upon Female Organs.= - Mrs. Pinkham knew from the very first that she
was on the right track. She knew that her Vegetable Compound contained
medicines which act directly and naturally upon the female organs.

She knew that one ingredient produced certain effects on the uterus,
while other ingredients tended to relieve pain in the ovaries. She knew
that one remedy would heal an inflamed uterine cavity, while another
ingredient would cause better circulation in the blood-vessels of this
part of the body. Having the theory all worked out most carefully, she
awaited the practical test, feeling confident as to the result.

=Success Was Immediate.= - But she did not have to wait long. Immediately
the cures began, and her neighbors and friends told each other what had
been done for them. Soon letters came by the hundreds from all parts of
the world. Thousands upon thousands have written to Mrs. Pinkham telling
her their story, and giving to her, also, full permission to use their

=It Bridges the Gulf.= - I am sure you would be delighted, as well as
surprised, if you could see the immense difference between the first and
last letters received from women. The first is the story of suffering,
of extreme agony with prolonged misery and abandoned hope. The last is a
song of gratitude, of great love, of joy and peace. The first tells of
disease, the last of health. But what an immense gulf between these
two! - a gulf, however, I am glad to say, that can be bridged with Lydia
E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound.

=You Cannot Possibly Doubt.= - I do not believe you can possibly doubt for
one moment the power of this marvelous remedy to cure the diseases of
women. How can you doubt it? For a quarter of a century it has gone into
every city, village, and hamlet in our land, and into almost every
country home.

Across the water it is finding its way among the rich and the poor. No
remedy was ever known that was so generally used. Wherever there are
women, there are suffering women; and wherever there are suffering women
you are sure to find Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound.

=The Testimonials Are True.= - Do you think there are hundreds of thousands
of your own sex who would wilfully falsify? Do you think that any could
be found who would deliberately do this, and without hope of gain or
reward? Yet I could point you to hundreds of thousands of letters
received from women who write from the fulness of the heart to thank us
for what we have done for them.

=We Speak Strongly.= - Then am I not justified in speaking strongly to you?
Don't you think we feel sure of our position? I certainly know what we
have done for others, and that makes us feel sure we can do the same for

=We Can Cure You.= - I believe our Vegetable Compound will cure you. I
believe it will cure every case where a cure is among the possibilities.
You need not be particular whether the soreness in the lower part of
your body is in the right side or the left side; whether the pain is
sharp, or dull and heavy; whether you suffer terrible agony each month
with local pain, or whether it is mental depression; whether the flow is
too scant or too profuse.

=It Corrects the Wrong.= - You need not be particular about these things,
for they all show that something is wrong, and Lydia E. Pinkham's
Vegetable Compound corrects this wrong. That is what it was made for;
that is precisely the work it does.

=Have Faith in Us.= - Don't purchase a bottle thinking you will "see what
it will do," having made up your mind that you will "try the
experiment." Don't come in this spirit, for there is no need of it. Come
with the feeling that has inspired so many thousands of your

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