Lydia Mary Olive (Mamreoff von Finkelstein) Mountford.

Jesus Christ in his homeland; lectures by Mme. Lydia M. von Finkelstein Mountford, stenographically reported online

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Christ is the Son of David, which means that David
is speaking in Him David is speaking in Him when
God is speaking in Him. It is as though it were God
speaking in God, and David speaking in Christ, be-
cause David got that grand conception of being able
to understand that Christ was to come in the flesh :
"Give strength unto Thy servant, and save the son
of Thy handmaid. O Lord, truly I am Thy servant ;
I am Thy servant, the son of Thy handmaid ; Thou
hast loosed my bonds." Who was the son of the
handmaid of the Lord? Jesus Christ, the son of
Mary, and made of Himself a servant of God. And
so here the song is sung, and Jesus . washes the
feet of His disciples; and then, after the message
goes out, in order to show them that they should
give service; you see it was a shame, and that is
why Jesus bound Himself with a towel, to show that
service is a glorious thing He says, "If I then, your
Lord and Master, have washed your feet, ye also
ought to wash one another's feet. For I have given
you an example, that ye should do as I have done
to you." It is absolute service, individual service.
And then He took the bread and wine, and He re-
vealed to them this cup, what it meant, as they sat
around the table. He had been preparing them for
this period. He had been preparing, for it says,
"And from that time forth began Jesus to show His



124 Jesus Christ in His Homeland

disciples how that He must go up to Jerusalem and
suffer many things of the elders and chief priests
and the scribes, and be killed and be raised again
the third day." So the disciples had no excuse at
all for thinking Jesus would be dead, and buried
in the tomb, and not rise again. For He had pre-
pared and told them and opened their minds.

But now comes a glorious thing at the supper
. table. He takes up the cup and the bread and says,

Vjirv*^^.^ "This is My body and this is My blood." Jesus
"had put on the likeness of man, and in putting on
the likeness of man He put on simply the flesh and
blood, and that is why He said, "This is My body
broken for you, this is My blood that is shed for
you." He had put on this flesh and blood so as to
become at one with God. Now the glorious thing
about the atonement, as we call it, the at-one-ment
with God, is not simply the breaking of bread, the
f\fc J&* '? shedding of an animal's blood, but it is to bring us
* nto blood relationship. That is the beauty of it,
that we are His relations, which means that He is
ours and we are His by the tie of blood. He says,
"This is the blood, and you must drink of it. You
are one with Me." This is the communion, and He
revealed Himself in that cup. "Forasmuch," as the
apostle said, "as the children are partakers of flesh
and blood, He also Himself likewise took part of
the same ; that through death He might destroy him
that had the power of death, that is, the devil."
Now, that is why Jesus had to put on flesh and
blood, and to die, that He might destroy the power
of death and destroy the works of the devil, and re-



Manhood and Ministry of Jesus 125

veal Christ in the flesh and blood. That is why
He installed the holy sacrament, that every time we
take of that holy cup and bread, we are as it were
revealing Christ in our own flesh and blood, to
show that He came in order to save us in that way.
And so here they took of the cup, and the apostle
tells us that the light came into their minds, and
they could see Christ right there ; they could under-
stand that at-one-ment, that absolute union with
Christ, that inseparable love, tied with Him, for ever
and ever. "As often as you take this cup, remem-
ber Me."

Then we see that He leaves with His disciples,
and goes through the city, passes through the tem-
ple, goes out of the golden gate, down the hill, across
the brook Kedron, and comes to the Garden of Geth-
semane. Let us go to the modern Garden of Geth-
semane, in the same place to-day in the King's Dale,^. 1
the same place where Melchizedek came to meet
Abraham, where Melchizedek brought to Abraham
the elements of the bread and wine, and revealed to
Abraham who was to be the ancestor of Christ. We
go out of the eastern gate, go down the hill, across
the brook Kedron. We see a walled enclosure.
The door is opened by a Franciscan monk. He
asks us not to talk above a whisper. This garden
is kept by the Franciscan monks. There are
eight old olive trees, which we are told shaded
the Master. Let us ask permission to go and
pray under one of those trees, which is supposed
to be where the drops of blood fell from Christ's
brow, where He said, "Not My will but Thine



126 Jesus Christ in His Homeland

be done" and the voice of Jesus was heard cry-
ing, "If it be possible, take away this bitter cup;
but not My will, but Thy will, O Father." This
cry of anguish of our Lord is so much misunder-
stood. The traditions tell us that He was not
wanting in faith and courage for Himself as an
individual, but it was the disgrace that would fall
upon mankind as a race whom He represented that
they should perform such an unholy act upon His
body, which would rise again, and which forever
would bear the marks of their deed, seeing He
was their Saviour and had allied Himself to them
by ties of blood. Must He drink this bitter cup of
humiliation for them? If it were only possible, O
Father, to save them from this disgrace. Here it is
said that the very blood that He had put on came
out in drops from His brow. What the devil had
shown Him on the mountain was now coming to
pass. Shall He give up being the Saviour? No,
no! Not My will but Thine be done. They shall
be saved no matter what it costs the Son of man
and Son of God. And there appeared an angel unto
Him from heaven, strengthening Him. The tra-
ditions tell us that it was the angels that ministered
unto Him on the Mount of Temptation when He
had overcome Satan. So He says to His disciples
whom He found sleeping, "Why sleep ye? rise and
pray lest ye enter into temptation." He was de-
sirous that they at any rate should not bear the
stigma that they were unfaithful. "That the saying
might be fulfilled which He spake, Of them which
Thou gavest Me have I lost none." "Father, I will



Manhood and Ministry of Jesus 127

that they also whom Thou hast given me be with
Me where I am that they may behold My glory
which Thou hast given Me. For Thou lovedst Me
before the foundation of the world. I have glori-
fied Thee on the earth. I have finished the work
which Thou gavest Me to do. He subjugates
everything to the Father.

So we ask permission, and if the monk thinks
you are really an earnest Christian, one who wants
to pray, and not simply want to cut off a piece of
the tree for a souvenir, he will leave you there to
pray. If it be a moonlight night, you kneel under
that tree, praying; and you see the proud city of
Jerusalem above you, and you see a mob of Roman
soldiers, with swords and spears and torches, and
people shouting and screaming, and they come
down the hill, headed by Judas. And Judas comes
up to the Master and says, as he kisses Him, "Hail
to Thee, O Master." Why did Judas come to betray .jfvu
Jesus with a kiss? Because Jesus was robed in
white, and all the disciples were robed in white;
they all wore hoods over their heads; that is
part of their cloaks, and the hood would fall over
their head, and they could n't tell one from another.
Judas says, "He that I kiss, that is the one." Jesus
throws back His hood and said, "Judas, why dost
thou betray the Son of man with a kiss? Why
have you come to take Me ? Am I a thief or a rob-
ber, that you should come to take Me ?" Whenever
there is a thief or robber that escapes they get a
band of soldiers, and all the riffraff of Jerusalem,
shouting and screaming, "A thief, a thief has es-



128 Jesus Christ in His Homeland

caped," and any man can shoot him without being
brought to a court of justice. That is exactly what
His enemies wanted to do with Jesus ; they wanted
to give everybody a wrong impression of Him.
They wanted to tempt thousands of people to think
that Jesus was a thief and robber who had escaped.
And Jesus refers to this and says, "Am I a thief or
a robber, that you should come with staves and
sticks to take Me? I will go with you willingly."
But they pretended that He was a thief and a
robber, and so they bound Him and dragged Him
along the streets, and brought Him to the house of
the high priest; and then they take Him to Pilate,
and Pilate examines Him and says, "I find no fault
with this man," and then he sends Him to Herod.
Herod was glad to see the Christ ; he had long been
desirous to see Him. Herod was of the house of
Esau, of Edom, with that bitter enmity still rank-
ling in his heart. So Herod was the great king of
the Jews. "Who is this man?" When he looked
upon Christ he thought He would perform a mira-
cle, and when he saw He was not performing mira-
cles he was a little bit alarmed, and he laughed
"Ha, ha! So, sir, you are the king of the house
of David! We have the king; where is the robe
of the king of the shepherds? I am no king of
the shepherds, I am King of the Jews. Bring here
the robe. Let Him be for once in His life King
David, the king of the shepherds." And so they
brought the crimson robe (here the lecturer pro-
duced and displayed a crimson robe), which is the
sign of the king of the shepherds, which King



Manhood and Ministry of Jesus 129

Herod had in his possession, but had never dared to
put on, for he was not king of the shepherds, but -
simply king of the Jews. So they put this robe on
the Christ, and they mocked and laughed at Him
as they led Him through the streets, mocking and
laughing at Him, "Ha, ha! there goes King David,
the king of the shepherds, who claims to be of the
house of David." "Who is this that cometh from
Edom with dyed garments from Bozrah ? This that
is glorious in His apparel, traveling in the great-
ness of His strength ? I that speak in righteousness,
mighty to save."

They brought Him again to Pilate, and Pilate
was himself sorry. He says to Him, "Art Thou a
king?" He sees by the robe that Herod has put
on Him that He must be a king. And then Pilate
goes out to the people and pleads with them and
says, "I find no fault with this man." But they cry
out, "Crucify Him, crucify Him!" and he said,
"What, shall I crucify your king?" and they cried
out and said, "We have no king but Caesar. Thou
art no friend of Caesar's. Crucify Him! Show
thyself loyal. We claim no king but Caesar." A
Herod, frightened lest they should bring an accusa-
tion against him that he was in collusion with this ^
man to place Him upon the throne and dethrone
Caesar, said, "Bring me the jug and the basin,"
and according to the Oriental custom he washes
his hands as the water flows over them, and he says,
"I will wash my hands of the blood of this innocent
man." And they said, "Damo! Damo!" which
means, "His blood be upon us and our children."

9



130 Jesus Christ in His Homeland

I have often been at places in the Holy Land
where they have had a blood feud, where a man
has had to suffer the penalty, and where they have
screamed out for his blood, "His blood be upon
our heads and upon our children."

And then Pilate again thinks he will appease
their wrath. He attires Jesus in a royal purple gar-
ment and crown, a crown of thorns. The purple
garment showed that He was a priest and king.
And He had another garment still, which was a robe,
whole and without seam from top to bottom, His
own garment. You read that the women touched
the hem or the border of His garment. When a man
wears a garment whole, without seam, it shows that
he is a teacher and preacher. When there is a border
to it, it shows that he is a physician. That is why
the woman touched the border, because she wanted
to be healed. If she wanted religious instruction,
she touched the upper part, but she wanted to be
healed and she touched the hem of His garment, and
in an instant was healed. So, when the Roman sol-
diers cast lots for the garments of Christ, it was a
magnificent garment. You say, "How could Christ
wear such a garment?" Do you not read that the
women ministered unto Him? The women to-day
will take off their jewels, and they will sell them
and buy fine silk and gold thread, and they will
weave the garment whole and without seam, with
all one's genealogy, with everything belonging to
him, and they present it to him. And so Jesus had
His own seamless garment, the crimson garment,
and the royal purple garment, to show that He was



Manhood and Ministry of Jesus 131

physician, priest, and king. And in that way they
brought Him out before the multitude in that mem-
orable place. Go to Jerusalem to-day. You will
see the arch of the Ecce Homo. It was there that
Pilate placed Him, with the royal robes on. And
he said of Him, "Behold the man Ecce Homo;"
and they cried aloud, "Crucify Him, crucify Him!
We know no king but Caesar!"

And so Pilate gives Him over to the soldiers.
They seat Him on the marble throne in the pave-
ment, and they kneel before Him, and they give Him
a reed for a sceptre, and mock at Him, spit at Him ;
and after they have satisfied all their wrath, they
take off all these garments from Him, and they give
Him His own white garment that He had on down
there at the garden of Gethsemane. And so in that
way He is led to the place of execution. And as He
was being led to the place of execution, the legends
have it that a soldier carried the royal garment of
the king of the shepherds. In the other hand He
carried the purple one, that of the royal priest-king,
and then the seamless garment of Christ. In this
way He walked on ahead, followed by Simon car-
rying the cross. Then came Jesus in His magnifi-
cent form, and as He walked through the streets of
Jerusalem He was indeed a king. On His head was
the crown of thorns; and where the thorns had
pressed through His brow there were blood drops,
and they were like red rubies. And as He majestic-
ally walked through the streets, His eyes streaming
with tears, He heard the women wailing, and He
said, "Wail not for Me, but rather wail for your



132 Jesus Christ in His Homeland

children." And He walked down the Via Dolorosa.
Go to Jerusalem to-day and you will see sometimes
a thousand people on the street at the different sta-
tions of the cross, praying, weeping. At Easter
time there are sometimes thirty, forty, fifty thou-
sand pilgrims, from every part of the world, and on
Good Friday they are all day in the street of sor-
row. And so Jesus walked through that street of
sorrow, calm and majestic, full of sorrow and com-
passion as He looked upon the multitude. And then
He was brought to Calvary. They took His seamless
garment. They gave it to the soldiers, and the sol-
diers cast lots, because it was so beautiful, so rare,
so unlike 'a garment. Then they put His cross in
the ground. They had dug a deep trench. The
thieves were already strung up on their crosses.
Jesus was nailed to the cross, and ere they raised
Him on the cross, they nailed His hands and His
feet, and they took that cross and lifted it up and
placed it in that trench ; and as they shook it down
His whole body shook. And He was lifted up. And
there was a hush that fell upon the multitude, and
then the rulers began to deride Him, and the
multitude began to cry, instigated by the rulers,
"If Thou art Christ, come down and save Thy-
self;" and the soldiers began to mock, and the
other people stuck out their tongues and mocked
and laughed at Him. And as He looked upon
them with compassion, He lifted His eyes up to
heaven and said, "Father, forgive them, for they
cto^-Q Ji know not what they do." In asking God to forgive
them, for they knew not what they did, He did n't
do what David did. David, when he was dying,



Manhood and Ministry of Jesus 133

called his son Solomon, and he says, "Solomon,
swear to me that you will not let the head of Shimei
go down to peace in the grave." Why? Because
Shimei had mocked him when he was going up the
Mount of Olives. But this great Son of David says,
"Father, forgive them, for they know not what they
do." Then He cried out with a loud voice, "Eloi,
eloi, lama sabachthani," which translated according
to your version means, "My God, My God, why hast
Thou forsaken Me?" Would it be possible that
Jesus could for one moment have thought that God
had forsaken Him? This is one of our many mis-
translations, for we read that those who acted at
the cross did n't understand what Jesus said. Some
said He cried for Elias; some said one thing and
some said another thing. According to our history
what Jesus said was, "My God, my God, the leth-
argy of death is overtaking Me, for I am entering
into the valley of the shadow of death." If David
was not afraid of entering into the valley of the
shadow of death, how could this greater Son of f\h^T\
David be afraid to enter? It was not the 22d
Psalm that He had in His mind, but the 23d, "Yea, |
I am entering into the valley of the shadow of
death, the lethargy of death is coming over Me."
Peter brings it out in his gospel to the Egyptians,
in explaining to them about this scene at the cross.
He says that Jesus called out, "My power, my
power, My power has forsaken Me. I am entering
into the shadow of death." And He sees His
Father's face and He cries out, "Into Thy hands,
O Father, do I commend My spirit." And then He
cries out with a loud voice, "It is finished."



134 Jesus Christ in His Homeland

The soul has fled. Hanging only on the cross
was the body, the Son of man, the body in which
that soul had manifested itself. And there was
thunder and lightning and the earthquake, and the
dead came out of their tombs and they said surely
that was the Son of God. And when the thunder
and lightning and earthquake had passed, hanging
upon the cross was the body ; and Joseph of Arima-
thea comes and asks for the body, and he brings a
fine linen shroud, a winding sheet; I have here a
winding sheet of fine linen, in order to show you
what it is. Here is a shroud of linen (here the lec-
turer produces a shroud). It is put on in this way
(here the lecturer adjusts the shroud). You see it
is very large. You see how wide it is, so that the
body can all be covered, of fine linen, the finest
linen in the country. And the body is wound right
in it, and this portion here is the winding sheet,
and it is wound round and round until you come
down to the feet, and then the feet are taken and
tied by these two tassels, and this part is the towel,
the napkin, which you read about, in which the
head is wrapped up, the same kind of napkin we
use at the present day. It also is of fine linen
(indicating). And so the head is wrapped in the
napkin by itself. That is why they found the nap-
kin by itself and the grave clothes by themselves.
And so the body is rolled in this, and the winding
sheet is wound round and round, and in this way
the body is laid in the tomb. In this way they took
the body of Christ, as it was wrapped in fine linen,
and laid it in the tomb of Joseph of Arimathea, a



Manhood and Ministry of Jesus 135

new tomb, where no man's body had been laid, and
there, upon that newly hued rock lay the vessel
containing the Word of God. And they took and
rolled a great stone over the mouth of the tomb,
which required three or four persons to roll. His
enemies said, "This man said He would rise again,"
and so they asked for seals to be put on that tomb,
and they asked for a watch to be set. And they
sealed the tomb, and there the body lay.

Meanwhile the spirit of Christ left the body and
went down to hell. He had now to go down into
the depths, He had to go down into hell, and the
angels could not go with Him. No angel could.,
walk through the portals of death. All through^
His ministry the angels were with Him. But now H \JL>
had to go down to hell alone. "For I have trodden
the winepress alone." He had to go and preach to
those that were imprisoned, to set the captive free.
He had to go down to the devil's own ground and
say, "Now, here am I, who have fulfilled all things
as the Son of man; give Me the keys of hell and
death. I have won them."

We have a beautiful picture in the Church of
the Holy Sepulchre just to the right as you enter
the angels' chamber, a beautiful picture of those
who have been in captivity and are coming out ;
and there is Adam, and Eve, and Jesus is received
by Adam and Eve, preaching the gospel of ever-
lasting life to them. So He took the keys of hell
and death, and He preached to those that were in
prison.

Now His spirit body returned to the tomb, and



136 Jesus Christ in His Homeland

He raises His body. Christ blended His spiritual
body with His earth-born body, or rather, after He
had been in hell and come out, He entered, so to
speak, ate up His body just in the same way as if
you have an ink stain here ; you take a kind of acid,
and you put it on that stain, and that acid eats up
your ink, and it becomes one with the ink, and so
Christ ate up the body ; His spiritual body ate up the
human body that He had put on, that formed the
likeness of man, and now the earth body and the
spirit body were blended in one. "Blotting out the
handwriting of ordinances that was against us"
(Col. 2: 14). Having abolished in His flesh the en-
mity, even the law of commandments contained in
ordinances, for to make in Himself of twain one new
man, so making peace" (Eph. 2:15). And then
the doors are thrown open; the angels hear Him
and the stone is rolled away, and Jesus comes out
more glorious, more beautiful than He was before.
For He had conquered the last enemy, Death; He
had trampled him under foot, and He had the keys
of hell and death in His possession; and He said,
"Go and tell the brethren that I live; I who once
was dead live forever more, and I have the keys of
death and hell. Go and tell the brethren that I
live."

And so He showed Himself to them at Emmaus.
He had to project Himself. They did n't recognize
Him ; even Mary did n't recognize Him, and so He
had to project Himself into the form they were ac-
customed to see Him. And so at Emmaus they did
not recognize Him until it came to the time of the



Manhood and Ministry of Jesus 137

repast, when He projected His personality as the
Son of man into their vision, and they could see
Him as they had seen Him. And so it was that He
showed Himself over the country, the combination
of His spiritual body and His earth body ; and every
time He had to project something that they could
remember Him by.

Then forty days after His glorious resurrection
we see Him and His disciples coming up the Mount
of Olives which He loved, the house in Bethany;
and here He gathers His disciples all together, and
He sends them forth and says, "Go ye forth andQ^. :>
preach the gospel to every living creature" not only
to living beings, but animals. For the animals have jL
a gospel, because they took part as types in the
sacrifices. They are to go and preach to the whole
world the resurrection, that there is no death "I
am the resurrection; I am He that was dead. Go
to the uttermost corner of the earth. Carry this
message, for I must go to My Father. Go ye to
the uttermost corner of the earth and carry it."
And as He bid them, He began to bless them, and
He was raised higher, and then higher, and higher,
as He looked down upon them, and so He left them,
until He was lost to their vision. And they stood
gazing until an angel came to them and said : "Why
stand ye gazing, ye men of Galilee? As ye have
seen Him go, in like manner ye shall see Him come
again." And so angels appeared at His birth to
the shepherds at Bethlehem announcing His advent,
and again angels appear to His disciples on the
Mount of Olives promising His return hence the



138 Jesus Christ in His Homeland

natives of Palestine have built a little chapel over
the spot from which He ascended, which is marked
by a footprint deep in the rock on which He stood.
They claim that as He ascended He left the foot-
print of one foot as a testimony that this earth was
His and that He would return and claim all as
prophesied by the prophet Zechariah, "And His
feet shall stand in that day upon the Mount of
Olives (Zech. 14: 4). That little baby that was bewi
in the manger of Bethlehem, to-day has revolution-
ized the whole world. Infidels may laugh and mock
at Him, but His power has grown, His Gospels are
translated into every known language on the face of
the earth. It is like an electric band around the


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