Lyman Horace Weeks.

The American turf: an historical account of racing in the United States : with biographical sketches of turf celebrities. 1898 online

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lishment. She was another daughter of Kingfisher, who
was a son of Lexington and imported Eltham Lass. Her
dam was Attraction, who was of royally bred English
stock. The sire of Attraction
was imported Balrownie and her
dam was imported Maud. Bal-
rownie by Annandale out of
Queen Mary traced to Touch-
stone and Rebecca, Camel and
Banter, Lottery, Cervantes, Par-
tisan and Pauline, Gladiator,
Plenipotentiary and Myrrha. Im-
ported Maud was a daughter of
Stockwell out of Countess of
Albemarle, the latter being by
Lanercost out of a sister to
Hornsea, who was by Veloci-
pede out of a daughter of Cer-
berus. Included among other
distinguished ancestors of Affin-
ity were Sir Peter, Pegasus,
Paymaster, Herod, Snap, Regu-
lus. Hip, Babraham's dam, Will-
iam's Woodstock Arabian, the
St. Victor barb, Why Not and a
royal mare. To the cover of im-
ported The lU-Used Affinity threw the colt Circular and
also the bay colt University. By imported Inverness she

is the dam of the filly Afflatus and by the same sire, the
dam of the chestnut colt Afghan. In 1896 she produced

the chestnut filly Affiant by Tam-

Belinda, a bay mare foaled in
1887 and bred at the Nursery
Stud was another one of the
daughters of Kingfisher, who
was much favored by Mr. Bel-
mont. Her dam was Bellona,
daughter of imported The 111-
Used and Beatrice. Through
Beatrice, who was a daughter
of Kentucky and imported Ber-
nice, Bellona traced to Lexing-
ton, Magnolia and Stockwell.
Braxey, the dam of Bernice, was
by Moss Trooper out of Queen
Mary by Gladiator. The sixth
dam of Belinda was by Plenipo-
tentiary; her seventh dam,
Myrrha, by Whalebone; her
eighth dam, Gift by Gohanna;
her ninth dam, a sister to Gra-
zier by Sir Peter; her tenth dam,
a sister to Aimator by Trumpator, and her eleventh dam
a sister to Postmaster by Herod. At the Bitter Root
Stock Farm Belinda has been served by Tammany. In
1895, she produced to the cover of that great stallion the


bay colt Grand Sachem, and in the following year she
threw the bay colt Croker.



From the Rancho del Paso of Mr. J. B. Haggin came
Miss Darebin, a brown mare foaled in iSqo. She is by


imported Darebin out of Miss Clay. Imported Darebin
was the son of imported The Peer and Lurline. Through
his sire, who was by Melbourne out of (^linizelli, Dare-
bin traced to Humphrey Clinker, Comus, Cervantes,
Golumpus, Touchstone and Pan-
taloon. Lurline, the dam of
Darebin, was by Traducer out
of Mermaid. Her sire was a son
of The Libel and Arethusa, The
Libel being by Pantaloon out of
Pasquinade, and Arethusa by
Ellis out of Languid. Mermaid,
the dam of Lurline, was by King
Tom out of Waterwitch, daugh-
ter of Flying Dutchman and Ev-
ening Star. Miss Clay, the dam
of Miss Darebin, came of the best
American stock, being the
daughter of Hindoo and Belle
Runnymede. Hindoo, through
his sire Virgil, transmitted the
Vandal strain to his descend-
ants and through his dam Flor-
ence, the Lexington, Weather-
bit and Irish Birdcatcher strains.
Belle Runnymede was the
daughter of imported Billet and

Fancy Jane, the latter being by Neil Robinson, son of
Wagner and Belle Lewis. The dam of Fancy Jane was

a daughter of imported Knight of St. George and a Glen-

coe mare. To the cover of imported Inverness, Miss

Darebin threw Scottish Chieftain

in 1894; Inverary II. in 1895, and

Moya in 1896.

Another good brood mare who
came from the Rancho del Paso
is the chestnut Missoula, who was
foaled in 1890. She is by imported
Sir Modred out of Dixianne. Her
sire, by Traducer out of Idalia,
had strains of Pantaloon, Camel,
Touchstone, Beeswing, Slane and
Voltair. Traducer was by The
Libel, son of Pantaloon and Are-
thusa, daughter of Elis. Idalia
was the daughter of Cambuscan,
son of Newminster and out of
Dulcibella, daughter of Voltiguer.
In Dixianne, the dam of Missoula,
were united the best English and
American blood. Dixianne was
by imported King Ban out of
Dixie's War Flag. King Ban, be-
ing a son of imported King Tom
and Atlantis, traced to Harkaway and Pocahontas.
The sire of Dixie's War Flag was War Dance, by Lex-
ington out of Reel. To imported Child of the Mist or
Silver King, Missoula produced in 1894 the bay filly.

"v ^^'<^»ies»«*'*fc;-

»««•* - ."^


Corvallis. In 1896, she produced the chestnut colt,
Mal-lak-wa, by imported Inverness.



Amazon, a bay mare foaled in 1887, was bred by Au-
gust Belmont. She is tiie dam of tiie chestnut colt,
Amazonian by Tammany. She
is royally bred, being by im-
ported The lU-Used out of Fair
Barbarian. Her sire gave her
crosses of Stockwell, Melbourne,
Irish Birdcatcher, Lanercost and
other strong lines. Her dam,
Fair Barbarian, was by Hermit
out of Romping Girl. As is well
known, Hermit was by New
minster out of Seclusion, thus
uniting Touchstone, Dr. Syntax
and Tadmor lines. Romping Girl,
the dam of Fair Barbarian, was
by Wild Dayrell out of Gay. Wild
Dayrell, son of Eon and Ellen
Middleton, was a grandson of
Cain, Margaret, Bay Middleton
and Myrrha. Through Gay other
strains of the Melbourne blood
were given to Romping Girl, Gay
being a daughter of Melbourne
and of Princess Alice, who was

by Liverpool out of Queen of Trumps, b) Velocipede.
Even more distinguished ancestry is included in the
pedigree of Amazon. Among her grandams were Prin-
cess Royal, Queen of Diamonds, Lass of the Mill, Brown

Castrel, Diamond, Sir Peter, Florizel, Eclipse, Engineer,
Partner, Makeless and Brimmer.


Woodcot, Chestnut Thornton, Old Thornton and the
Burton barb mare, while among her grandsu'es were

Beauty, a chestnut mare foaled 1888 and bred by Au-
gust Belmont, was covered by imported Rayon D'Or and
in 1893 produced the filly Ray of Gold; was covered
bj/_Tristan and in 1894 produced the black filly. Tryst;

was covered by imported Inver-
ness and in 1895 produced the
chestnut filly Bellibone, and was
covered by Inverness and in
1896 produced the chestnut filly
Britomartis. Beauty is by im-
ported St. Blaise out of Bella,
and one of the choicest get of
her great sire, through whom
she numbered among her an-
cestors such famous thorough-
breds as Touchstone, Gladiator,
Sir Hercules, Whisker, Whale-
bone, Waxy, Selim, Crucifix,
Priam and scores of others, not
less worthy. Bella, the dam of
Beauty, was by Fiddlesticks out
of imported Bernice. Fiddle-
sticks was one of Lexington's best
sons, and his dam was imported
Filagree, by Stockwell out of
Extasy, who was by Touchstone
out of Miss Wilfred, the latter
being by Lottery, by Tramp out of a daughter of Smolen-
sko. Through her dam Bella had another Stockwell strain.


Butterfly, a chestnut mare, foaled in 1886, came from
Mr. J. B. Haggin's Rancho del Paso. She is the daughter
of imported Kyrle Ualy and
Mariposa, and is thus well
bred in the Touchstone and
Lexington lines. Her sire,
Kyrle Daly, was a son of
Artillery out of Colleen Rhue.
Artillery was by Touchstone
-out of Jeannette, his dam
being a daughter of Irish Bird-
catcher, son ot Sir Hercules
and of Perdita, who was bv
Langar out of Delenda. Col-
leen Rhue, the dam of Kyrle
Daly, was by Gemma-di-
Vergy out of Princess. Gem-
ma-di-Vergy was a son of
Sir Hercules and Snowdrop
by Heron out of Fairy. Prin-
cess was a daughter of Re-
triever by Recovery out of

Tadlioni, her dam being

Echidna by Economist out of

Miss Pratt. Mariposa, the

dam of Butterfly, was a thoroughly well-bred American,

the daughter of Monarchist and Heliotrope. Monarchist,

as is of course well known , was one of the best sons of

Lexington, his dam being Mildred by imported Glencoe

and out of Evergreen, daughter of imported Glencoe and
Mistletoe. Butterfly produced in 1890 Chrysalis, and in




f ^^v/H



^■RlTc. ^

*ii oHk


P^.. .



out of Levity. Heliotrope, the dam of Mariposa, was by
imported Knight of St. George, son of Irish Birdcatcher


1891 Emma Mc, both by Hidalgo; in 1894 Loch Ness,
and in 1896 Larva, both by imported Inverness.

Bred by Mr. J. B. Haggin, the bay mare Florid was
foaled in 1888. She is the daughter of imported The

111-Used and Flower Girl. Her
dam by imported Australian
out of Neutrality, was of the
new blood that has been such
a potent quantity in the devel-
opment of the American thor-
oughbred in this generation.
Australian was a son of West
Australian and Emilia, thus
combining in himself the
strains of the Melbourne,
Touchstone, Emilius and Whis-
ker families. Neutrality, the
dam of Flower Girl, was by
that staunch American horse
Revenue, son of Trustee and
Rosalie Somers, the latter, as
will be readily recalled, being
by Sir Charles out of Mischief.
No stronger strains than those
running through Sir Charles,
Trustee and Revenue are found
in the American Stud Book.
Flond's produce include AUa-habad by Hyder Ali, Franc
by Silver King and Ivy Bloom by imported Inverness.


In the brown mare Virgin, daughter of Milner and
Virgie, is united the blood of imported Leamington,


Lexington, Vandal and Wagner, a combination that can
scarcely be excelled in the experience of American turf-
men. Milner was by imported Leamington out
of a daughter of Lexington and Kate Anderson. The
pedigrees of Leamington and Lex-
ington combine the choicest strains
of English and American blood, and
the Leamington-Lexington cross has
'always been considered one of the
most potent in modern breeding.
Kate Anderson, the grandam of
Milner, was by imported Sovereign
out of Chloe Anderson, thus adding
another valuable strain to the pedi-
gree of Virgin. Virgie, the dam of
Virgin, was a daughter of Virgil and
Lax, Virgil, as is well known, being
by Vandal out of Hymenia. Lax was
a daughter of imported Scythian, son
of Orlando and grandson of Touch-
stone, and her dam, Lavender, was
by Wagner out of Alice Carneal.
Virgin's sixth dam was by Robin
Grey; her eighth dam by imported
Highflyer; her ninth dam by im-
ported Fearnought; her tenth dam by
Ariel; her twelfth dam by the Cullen
Arabian; her thirteenth dam by Croft's Partner; her fif-
teenth dam by the Curwen bay barb and her sixteenth dam

by D'Arcy's chestnut Arabian. The produce oi Virgin
have been the brown colt Vitringa by imported Child of

the Mist, the bay colt Vignola by
Silver King, and the dark bay
^m colt E-come by imported Inver-

^^L ne^s.

R^^*'. W Namonia, a bay mare foaled in

1888, daughter of imported Sir
Modred and La Favorita, was
bred by Mr. J. B. Haggin. Sir
Modred's pedigree, beginning
with his parents, Traducer and
Idalia, runs back, as is well
known, to Pantaloon, Newmins-
ster, Voltigeur, Camel and
Touchstone, having several
crosses of the most important
families to which those thor-
oughbreds belong. La Favorita,
the dam of Namonia, was by
Glenelg out of Edeny, the
Glenelg strain going back to
Stockwell, Pocahontas, Mel-
bourne and Defence. On the
side of her dam La Favorita came
from good American stock, Edeny being a daughter of
Lexington. Namonia was covered by Hyder Ali, and in
1893 threw the bay filly New Moon. The next year she
threw the bay colt Namaquas, also by-Hyder Ali. In 1 895,


she produced the bay colt Negligence, and in
chestnut colt Nicomachus, both by imported

1896, the


An own sister to Namonia, the bay mare Belle of
Butte, was foaled in 1880 and bred at the Rancho del
Paso. Daughter of imported Sir
Modred and La Favorita, she has
shown all the best qualities of the
great thoroughbreds of England and
the United States, to whom, in com-
mon with Namonia, she traces. Be-
sides the ancestors to whom reference
has just been made in the sketch, of
her sister, Belle of Butte and Namo-
nia are descended through their
grandam from Wilkes' Wonder, im-
ported Saltram, Melzar, Haynes'
Flimnap, Clodius, Evans' imported
Stirling, the Belsize Arabian, Croft's
Partner, Bald Galloway, the Akas-
ter Turk, Leede's Arabijin and
Spanker. Barren, in 1894, Belle of
Butte produced in 1895 the bay filly
Belle de Nuit by imported Inverness,
and in 1896 the bay colt Silver Beaux
by Montana.

Few brood mares can boast of
more illustrious descent than Home-
less, who was foaled in 1890, and
D. Withers. In the fifth generation
tors include Timoleon, imported Sarpedon, Rowena, im-
ported Glencoe, of whom she has two crosses; Irish

tors were Sir Archy, Ball's Florizel, Emilius, Sultan,
Trampoline, Touchstone, Glencairne, Sir Hercules,

bred by Mr. D.
back her ances-


Birdcatcher, Marpessa, Heron and Pyrrhus the First. In
the preceding generation her most distinguished ances-


Waterwitch, Muley and Bustard. Still further back she
derives from imported Diomed, Florizel, Rockingham,
Eclipse, imported Shark, Pot-8-os, Beningbrough, Selim,
Buzzard, Tramp, Waxy, Blacklock, Trumpator, Whale-
bone, Whisker, Comus, Lottery
and Defence. The sire of Home-
less was the celebrated Uncas,
son of Lexington and Coral, his
dam being by Vandal, imported
Glencoe's great son, and out of
imported Cairngorme, who was
by Cotherstone out of Glenluce.
The dam of Homeless was im-
ported Sweet Home, daughter of
Knight of St. Patrick and Bittern.
Knight of St. Patrick was by
imported Knight of St. George,
and his dam was Pocahontas by
imported Glencoe out of Mar-
pessa. Bittern, the dam of Sweet
Home, was by Fisherman out of
Village Lass, her sire being a son
of Heron by Bustard. Village Lass
was by Pyrrhus the First. In 1 894,
Homeless produced the bay filly
Homestakeby Brown Fox; in 1895,
the bay colt Highbinder, and in
1896, the bay colt Homemade, both the last named being
by imported Inverness.



From the Rancho del Paso, from which establishment,
as we have seen, Mr. Daly has had some of his best
native brood mares, came also
Slow Dance, who was foaled in
1890. Her sire was imported
Darebin and her dam Sly Dance.
The pedigree of Darebin has
been given in detail on a preced-
ing page in the sketch of Slow
Dance's half-sister, Miss Darebin.
Sly Dance, the dam of Slow
Dance, was by War Dance out
of Sly Boots. From War Dance,
son of Lexington and Reel, she
derives from Boston, Timoieon,
imported Sarpedon, imported
Glencoe and Camilla. Sly Boots
came of another great American
thoroughbred family, her sire
being a son of Revenue and
Topaz. Her dam. Skedaddle,
was by imported Yorkshire out

of Magnolia. She has a double

cross of imported Glencoe.

Through her dam. Slow Dance

was descended from Bobadilla by Bobadil, Pythoness by

Sorcerer, Princess by Sir Peter, Golden Grove by Blank,

Spinster by Croft's Partner and the Layton barb mare,

and also from such other great grandsires as Dungannon,

ported Inverness. She was barren in 1894, but in 1895
she produced the chestnut colt Highland Ball, and' in


Turf, Herod, Makeless, Brimmer, Place's White Turk
and Dodsworth. Slow Dance has been covered by im-


the following year the chestnut foal Sword Dance.
Beaucatcher, the dam of the chestnut colt Crutch by
Tammany, was foaled in 1891, and bred by Mr. D. D.
Withers. She is by imported Eothen out of Auricoma,
and few mares of this genera-
tion have been able to exhibit
more lofty lineage. Imported
Eothen was a son of Hampton,
the great sire of Derby winners,
whose pedigree and history have
already been given. The dam
of Eothen was Sultana by Ox-
ford out of Besika, her sire being
a son of Irish Birdcatcher and
Honey Dear, and her dam by
Beiran out of Merope, thus giv-
ing her the valuable strains of
Whalebone, Waxy, Emilius,
Bay Middleton, Priam, Buzzard,
Blacklock, Whisper and Whis-
key. On the side of her dam
the lineage of Beaucatcher is not
less notable. Her dam, Auri-
coma, was by imported King
Ernest out of Belinda. Imported
King Ernest, son of King Tom
and Ernestine, was descended
from Harkaway, Economist, imported Glencoe, Touch-
stone and Waxy.









Attention has been called in the preceding chapter to
the valuable services rendered by the Honorable August
Belmont in the work of reorganizing the American lurf
in the present generation, and in elevating it to a posi-
tion of honor and inlluence. That, however, was by no
means the only part that Mr. Belmont played in turf
affairs during his lifetime and, important though it was,
did not surpass in usefulness to the cause of the
thoroughbred his unremitting devotion to breeding and
racing. Perhaps the future will even look upon Mr.
Belmont's breeding enterprises as constituting the great-
est and most lasting benefit that he conferred upon the
turf. The primary cause of the magnitude of this enter-

to acquiring a knowledge of the methods by which the
thoroughbred has been brought to such perfection in
Europe. His intimate association with the Rothschilds
was of great advantage to him in this connection, and it
was not long before he was completely and soundly
familiar with those theories and practices of breeding
the blood horse that had stood the test of generations
and were accepted everywhere as the foundation of all
good breeding. It was easy for him to realize what was
lacking in the representatives of the thoroughbred in
America and his practical mind at once determined on the
steps necessary to infuse the best equine blood into the
horses that should-uphold the honor of our country on the


prise and its wonderful success lay in the character of
the man. In everything that engaged his attention,
it was part ot his nature to seek for fundamental
principles and to pursue every ramification of a subject
to its fountain head.

The same thoroughness and capacity to grasp the true
significance of things which explains his success in so
many other directions, was fully asserted in his fondness
for the horse, although, at the outset, this had its origin
merely in a desire for relaxation from more serious re-
sponsibilities. No sooner had he begun to give even
cursory attention to the subject than he devoted himself

turf. Breeding became one ot Mr. Belmont's favorite
pastimes. More than that. It was a serious matter
with him, for no man ever had the interest of the turf,
or thoughts for its future nearer to his heart. Outside
of his banking business, and notwithstanding the social,
literary and political calls that were made upon his time,
breeding ultimately became one of the chief objects of
his attention. His wealth enabled him to buy the best
animals in the market in any country, and his intimate
relations with the leading racing men in England gave
him exceptional opportunities to add valuable blood
horses to his stud. His purchases were invariably made



judiciously and in the exercise of a thorougii knowledge
of the animal, and with a mastering ambition to do only
that which should serve the best interests of the turf.

With justice it may be said that he set the first ex-
ample for that magnificent development of breeding as
an art that has raised the standard of the American
thoroughbred until, at the present day, no animal in the
world can claim to be its superior in speed or bottom.
Even his success in racing was subordinate, in his mind,
to the gratification that he experienced when the horses
bred in accordance with his ideas proved their superior-
ity. His maroon and scarlet were made prominent in
public esteem from the establishment of Jerome Park.

favored climate and grasses of Kentucky. Nevertheless,
it promptly took a position in the front rank of the great
breeding establishments of the United States, and the
results that accrued from the liberal management and
the well-informed and painstaking care that Mr. Belmont
personally gave to it were of the most notable char-
acter, and won for it a reputation that was not even
limited by the boundaries of the country. When the
estate, which comprised over a thousand acres, came into
Mr. Belmont's possession in the sixties it was nearly all
unimproved wood land. Under his wise direction it
was converted into a fertile, well-tilled expanse and be-
came an almost perfect spot. Its nearness to New York



There, as well as at Saratoga and Long Branch, when
thosetracks were in the heyday of their popularity, his
stable won every triumph they could offer, and its owner,
although already known from one end of the United
States to the other, gained recognition as the undisputed
leader of sport in America. But always in the midst of
these glories he turned fondly to his breeding establish-
ment and gave to that an attention that showed how
thoroughly absorbed in the pursuit he had become.

Located, originally, at Babylon, L. I., the Nursery
Stud labored under some disadvantages when compared
with what has generally been considered the more

City rnade it especially agreeable to its owner, since he
was thus enabled to give his personal attention to
the establishment. Upward of 500 acres of the prop-
erty were kept under cultivation, a large extent of it
laid down in grass.

The accommodations that were afforded for Mr.
Belmont's equine treasures befitted their lofty lineage.
Some fifty acres comprised the paddocks, specially
devised and arranged for the comfort of their occupants,
and beyond them was a fine level mile track, where the
aspirants for racing honors were put through their
courses. This mile track was an ideal race course, and



probably few, if any, that were superior to it ever
existed in tiiis countrv. In connection with it was a
cooling shed and a grand stand tVom which the per-
formances of the coming cracks could be studied. Not
far away was a pi'etty pine grove, where the stallions
used to hold court, and the necessary stables and pad-
docks, varying from one to two and a halt acres each
in size, were conveniently scattered about. A feature
of the place was the training stable or school, as it
was called, which was an ideal building, covering a
very large space, all under one roof, and splendidly
lighted from above. Here the horses could be exercised
throughout the winter months despite the weather, and

associated with him in the business, was a house of
ordinary dimensions, containing about twenty -four
rooms. Located near the centre of the estate it com-
manded a beautiful view of the entire property, was
surrounded by a wide lawn, and had attached to it
stables for carriage horses, coach house, bowling alley
and other such adjuncts as naturally pertained to the
country residence of a gentleman of wealth and good
taste. On the estate was also a fine trout pond, some
thirty acres in extent, that afforded the most enjoyable
sport with rod and line. The mansion was filled with
mementoes of Mr. Belmont's racing career and has thus
been preserved with filial care by his sons. Myriads



the very great advantage derived from this was often
seen in the splendid condition in which the bearers of
the maroon and scarlet came to the post at the early
spring meetings.

Adjoining this building and connected with it were
the principal stables which were finished in accordance
with the most advanced ideas for the advantage of the
horses. Close by was the trainer's residence, two
smaller stables and buildings for the accommodation of
the boys employed about the place. Mr. Belmont's
private residence, which, in fact, was the sporting head-
quarters of himself and his sons, who ultimately became

of portraits of noted race horses were collected by the
master of the Nursery Stud and from the walls of the
drawing room pictures of such noble animals as the
great English Derby winner, Ormonde, The lU-Used,
Kingfisher, Glenelg, Patience, Woodbine, Sultana,
Fiddlesticks, Victoria, Fenian, Prince Royal and a host
of other celebrities are displayed, many of them mem-
bers of the, Belmont stable through many years, and
others the great blood horses of the world.

Online LibraryLyman Horace WeeksThe American turf: an historical account of racing in the United States : with biographical sketches of turf celebrities. 1898 → online text (page 41 of 80)