M. (Paul) Rapin de Thoyras.

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(15) This Battle was fought towards the end of September, xFornbam, near St. Edmundsbury in Suffolk t Above ten thoufand Flemings were (lain. Bro-r.tt.
ibid. Homed, p. 526. (16) At Alnwick in Northumberland, July 13. 1174. Brompt. p. 1092.

(17) And imprifoncd at Falaife, with the Earl of Leicejler. Brompt. p. 1090, IC96.

(iS) Philip Earl of Flanders had (worn on the Gofpels, that he would, within a Fortnight after Miofumm;r, fubdue England for Herrv the Son : and ac-
cordingly fent over three hundred and eighteen choice Men, who belieced Norwich. Diceto. p. ,75'

(19) The Hiftorians vary much about the Day, Dicito, fays, it was June 6. p. 576. Ho-aed. July S, and Brcmpton, Jay 12. p. 109c.



No



V O L. I.



Ooo



obliged



2 3 8



The HISTORY of ENGLAND.



Vol. I.



1 1 73 . obliged himfelf upon receiving Abfolution. When he ception than he expected, and attended his Father to the i f -4.

came in fr"ht of the Town, he alighted, though he was Place, chofen by the two Monarchs to treat in Petfon of

yet three Miles diftant, and pulling oft* his Boots, walked the Terms of Peace. As they both flood affe<5'red, it was

bare-foot in extreme Pain, to the facred Tomb (1). not difficult to fettle the Articles. Henry granted a general fdlivatdby

Hthfidug. There, after refting awhile, he fubmitted to the fhameful Pardon to all the Reyolters, without any exception. Tih* * ^"p'^

'iPi bc Penance enjoined him. He was fcourged by the hands of young King, his eldeft Son, promifed to be obedient lor lv t p ,

the Prior and Monks of St. AuguftinJs (2), and fpent the the future, and to let Prince John his Brother enjoy the Hove*.

Nicht in Prayer in the Cathedral, lying on the cold Pave- Appennage granted him. Geoffrey and Richard were, or ^7™
On the morrow, after affifting at a folemn Pro-



.7-



Dicero-
Hoved-
Walr. de
Heming.
Gcrvaie.



lie reduces
all the Re-
bels in Eng-
land.
Brompt.
Diceto.
Hoved.
M. Paris.



Lewis be-
Jieges Roan
Brompt
Gervas.
Hoved.



pretended to be, fatr.fied with what the King their Father m, (>,,„.
allotted them. In fine, the King of France promifed to AS. Pub.
furrender to Henry, what Caftles he had taken in the be- 1- P-5J "
ginning of the War (10). To ftrengthen the Reconcilia-
tion between the two Kings, a Marriage was refolved up-
on between Richard and Alice, Daughter of Lewis. The
Princcfs, who was very young, was delivered to Henry
the Father, to be educated in England till {he was marri-
ageable. But he abufed this Truii, as will be leen in the
Sequel (11).

It was further agreed by this Treatv, that all the Pri- ^< K' : *z «/
foners on both Sides fliould be releafed [12). But in order Sc ; tlj " d "
to exclude the King of Scotland, Henry inferted a Claufe, bard Terms.
importing that thofe whofe Ranfoms were already treated Aft- Pub.
of, were not to have the Benefit of this Article. William iy iatr ?' 3? "



Henry farces
bim to rat"
the Sieg
Diceto.



rnent.

ceffion round the Tomb, he departed for London (3).
Care was taken, in order to magnify this new Saint's Cre-
dit in the Celeftial Court, to remark, that Henry was in-
debted for the Victory obtained by his Arms over the King
of Scotland, to the Interccffion of the bleffed St. Tho-
mas (4). It was further affirmed, the King himfelf was
fo perfuaded of it, that he publickly returned him
Thanks, thereby acknowledging he did not in the leaft
queftion his Sanctity.

After Leicc/hr's and the King of Scotland's Defeat, the
young King's Party not daring to keep the Field any
longer, retired to their Strong-Holds and Caftles. The
King's Impatience to fee them entirely reduced, fuffered
him not to make any Stay at London, a few days after

his Arrival, he marched with his Army to befiege the was of this number, and perhaps the only One among all p l. Virg.
Caftles, ft 1 II in the hands of his Son's Adherents (j). But the Prifoners. His Impatience to be at Liberty caufed Brompt.
the greater! part furrendered upon his Approach, and the him to fubmit to very hard Terms. He was to make
reft held out but a few days (6). Mean time, the King Reftitution of all he had taken from England, and do Ho-
of France defpairing of Affiftance from England, after the mage for his Kingdom to that Crown. Upon his fwear-
defeat of the Confederates, recalled his Troops from Grave- ing to perform thefe Engagements, he was releafed. As
ling, and laid Siege to Roan. He was in hopes of being foon as Henry had fettled all his Affairs in France (i$), he
mafter of the City before Henry could come to its relief, repaired to York (14), attended by the King his Son, and a
But the brave refiftance of the Inhabitants baffled his de- numerous Train of Nobility (ij). Here in the prefenceof H < dj " P"?
x '- s figns. Upon the firft notice of the Siege, Henry put to the Barons of both Realms, William did Homage to the ,4, Hcmy't
■' Sea (7) with a good Body of Troops, and was fo expedi- two Kings of England for the Kingdom of Scotland in ge- fir Scotland.



tious, that he arrived in Normandy before Lewis had made neral, and for the County of Galloway in particular. This



Hoved.



any great Progrefs. His fudden coming ftruck fuch a Homage was confirmed by the folemn Oaths of the Barons romp '

Terror into his Enemy, that he raifed the Siege (8), and of Scotland, that in cafe their King fhould recede from

retreated in the utmoft confufion, leaving all his Baggage what he had done, they would withdraw their Obedience,

Hoved. behind him. Nay, fome fay, he could not retire but by and confent, the Kingdom of Scotland fhould be put under He delivm

means of a Treaty (9), of which he afterwards made no an Interdict. But as Henry did not altogether rely on thefe "g h'' ral

account. Engagements, William, for Wis further Security, put into

Henry'jfni- Henry's Affairs were then in a more flourifhing condi- his hands the Caftles of Rosborough, Berwick, Sterling,

fp,rius State. t j on t han ever. Abfolute Mafter in England, he beheld znd Edinburgh (16). This Affair being ended, the young Henry tie

1 '74- Scotland difheartened by the Imprifonment of her King. King went back to France, where he remained three p" i°" '*

Ireland continued in Obedience. The Weljh remained Years, laying out his time in improving in all the Exer- mT"^^.

quiet within their own Bounds. Normandy, Guienne, and cifes of the Body and Mind pioper for a Prince. p. 136.

the other Provinces beyond Sea, were intirely reduced, Peace being reftored to England, where it had long been t'75 - -

except a few Caftles in Poiclou ftill in poifeffion of Prince a Stranger, Henry (ij) took this opportunity to enadt new Henrv ">"-

Richard. No wonder therefore Lewis, now above fixty Laws (r8), and revive others that were neglected. Ge- ■ Imn' 'of St.

Years of Age, defpaired of accornplifhing what he had nerally the Laws which are for the Advantage of the So- Edward.



M. Pan's.

romp'.



Richard in
vain oppofes
the making
Peace.
Hovcderl.
Gervas. '
A Truce be-
tlveen the
ttvo Kings,
Diceto.
Hoved-



projefted in the beginning of the War. He found, the vereigns are very frrictly obferved, becaufe they themfelves £ :
Confederacy, which he thought capable of pulling down fee it done; but they are too frequently apt to neglect p.TloS
Henry, had rather fixed him more firmly in his Throne, thofe that are beneficial to the People. By this means they
On the other hand, he was apprehenfive in cafe he died continually enlarge their Authority. But then it is often
during the War, Philip his Son, who was but ten Years the caufe of Rebellions, which fometimes are more pre-
of Age, would be too much incumbred to maintain it. judicial to Kings, than the Laws they neglect or evade.
Thefe Confiderations infpired him with a defire to make Henry lately experienced, in a fenfible manner, how dan-
Peace. Henry was of the fame mind. He ardently wifhed gerous it is to deal with a Uifcontented Nation. Mote-
to deprive his Sons of their only Refuge, the Protection over, his three Sons, who had improved this difpofition,
of France. Richard his fecond Son, a Prince of a fierce were ftill alive and well, and in appearance, not much
and reftlefs Temper, was the only Perfon that oppofed the altered by his late Peace with them. He thought there-
wifhed for Peace. But neither his Brothers, nor the King fore in order to prevent them from engaging in a freih
of France, thought proper to continue the War for his Rebellion, it was his Intereft to gain the People's Affecti-
fake. They confented therefore to a Truce, during on by reviving the Laws of Edward the ConfeJJbr. As
which they obliged themfelves to give him no Affiftance. thefe Laws were very advantagious for the Subject, in
Henry his Father improved this Juncture to reduce his comparifon of thofe of the Norman Kings, which tended
obftinate Son to obedience ; who at laft, feeing himfelf folely to the augmenting the Revenues of the Prince, and
deftitute of Support, came and threw himfelf at his Feet, ftretching the Royal Prerogative, both Nobles and People
humbly imploring his Pardon. He met with a better Re- paffionately longed for their Re-eftablifliment. They had

(1) He and his Son went again in Pilgrimage to it in 1 175. June 10. R. Dictto. p. 577. Brcnipt. p. 1 102.
(:) Receiving from each three or five Lalhcs. Diceto. p. 577. M. Pan:, p. J30.
(3) And gave forty Pounds a Year, tor finding perpetual Lights rcund Beeket's Tomb. Diceto. p. C77.

I I lr happ n J, that very Day the King lelt Canterbury, being the 13th of July, the King of Scotland was taken Prilbner, which the Monk: imputed to
the Merits of Becket. And the lame Day alfo, his Son Henry's Ships, wherewith he intended to pals into England, were difperled by a Storm. R. Dicets.

f- 577-

(5) Thofe of Huntington, Framlingham, Bungrey, Northampton, Aherton, Groby, Mounfmll, Tbresk, Tutbury, Di-jf.cld. Brcmpt. p. IC95, 1096. Diceto.

p. 577, 578. Hoved.

(6) Hugh Bigod paid the King a thoufand Marks, and was pardoned; as were alfo Robert Earl of Ferrers, Roger dt Moicbray, William Earl a{ C/oeefier,
Richard Earl of Clare, &c. Diceto. p. 57S.

(7) At Pcrtfm ..ib; and landed at Barfeur, A-agufi 6. He came to Roan the 10th. Brempt.p. IC95. Diceto. p. 578.

(8) Abcut the m.ddle of Augitjl. Gervafe, p. 142.

(9) Which was concluded between Tjirs and Amboife, October 1 1. Diceto. p. 57S About this time Adulpbde li'arntville, Sacrift of Roan, and Trca-

furer of York, was nude High Chancellor of England. Diceto. p. 567.

(jo) See the Terms of this Peace at length in Diceto, p. 582. Hovcd. p. c.40, 541.

(11) In 1 1 7-, a Legate cam- from Rome, to lay England under an Interdict, unlefs King Heiry would let them marry : Upon which they came to Terna
of Agreement. Gervas p. 1442.

(12) King lUnry the Father, let nine hundred and fixty nine at Liberty, without ranlcm ; but the Son made all his Prifoners pay. Diceto. p . 5S3.

(13) King Henry having kept his Court, during Chi iflmas at Argenton, went into Ar.jou ; and February 24. had a Conference with Lewis at Gifirs ;
from whence Henry going into Arj-.u, fortifind his Caftles, leaving his Son at Roar. Alter Ali./-l"-i, he returned to Caen, and lent to hs Sen, who was
ftill at K an, orders to come along with him to England, but he refufed This he dd through the perfuafion of the King oi France, but at laft his Fa-
ther's kind Meffages melted his Heart into a Compliance, and young Henry came and did his Father Homage: After which King Henry the Sen had, with
hio Father's pirminion, a Conterence w:th the King oi France. Thcylpent their Eafler at Cbcrburg, and afterthat, h.u in Interview at Caen, with Philip
tar] or Flanders, to whom they confirmed a Grant of one thoufand Marks cut of the Exchequer. And then cmbnrkine, at Barjlckr, they landed nt Pcitf-
m. i:I b May 9. Brompt. p. 1 1 10, 1 1 II.

(14) Aagtifl 10. Brompt. p. 1 103. Diceto fays, it was at Valognes in the Conftantin. p. 584.
(it) Sec Brompun p. 1103. mi Hoved. p. 545.

(j6) He returned to England December II. but was not quite at Liberty, till he had delivered his Calais I. .'.

(17) He came back to England in May, and his Son Henry along with him. G-.rvas. p. 1429-

(lii; HecaKtda Patliamant at K-r'.tampten, and renewed the, Cjiuututians of Q'anndm, Gervas. p. 1433.

even



Book vlr.



5. HENRY H



i7SJi



1 176.

Re tution o.
the itinerant
'Judges.
Hoved.
p. 548.
Diceto.
p. 583.



Toe King
rax.es the
CaJtUs.
Brcmpt.
Dice-to.

'The frineefs
Joanna is
married to
tie King of
Sicily.
Act. Pub.
T. I. p. 5*-
Hoved.
Brompt.

He ias a

mind to crefl
Ireland into
a Kingdom
fcr Prince
John.
Brompt.
Hoved.



1 1 77.

The King of
France 1 ijits
Becket's
Tomb.
Mezcrai.

II78.

1179.
Gervas.
Brompt.
Diceto.
Hoved.



even ufed fome endeavours in Hie foregoing Reigns (o re-
ftore them but with little Succefs. Nothing therefore
Could be more grateful to the Englifh, than to fee them in
force. But this Condefcenlion of the King was a mere
flourifh, confiding only of fome publick Orders, which
were never executed ( 1 ).

About this time alio Henry divided (2) England into fix
Parts or Diftridts, which were afligned to fo many Judg-
es (3), who were to go, at certain Times, and hold the
Aflizes, that is, to minifter Jufcice to the People. This
is what is ftill pradtifed at this Day. At certain Seafons of
the Year (4), the Chancellor fends the Judges into the fe-
veral Counties to do Jullice, each in his own Circuit; for
fo the Counties afligned to him are called.

Henry made ufe hkewife of thefe peaceable Times, to
demolifh nil the fortified Caftles (5) (till remaining in pri-
vate hands, which were a great check, to the Power of
the Sovereign (9).

Whilft the King was employed in thefe publick Affairs,
the Princefs "Joanna his Daughter was demanded in Mar-
riage (7) by IViUiam the Good, King of Sicily. This
Match teeming advantagious for his Daughter, he dif-
patched Ambafladors (8) to Sicily to fettle the Articles ;
after which he fent away the young Queen with a fplendid
Retinue (9).

Prince John his fourth Son, who of all his Children,
was his gieateft Favourite, being arrived at the Age of ele-
ven Years, he refolved to eredl Ireland into a Kingdom on
purpofe to beftow it on his Darling Son (10). As the Pope's
Content was necefl'ary, he fent Ambafladors to Rome to
negotiate the Affair. But how impatient foever he might
be to lee the end, it could not be accomplifhed till fome
Years after, when it was no longer in his Power to make
ufe of the Pope's Favour.

About this Time, the King of France perceiving himfelf
broken with Age, formed the Delign of crowning his Son
Philip, according to the cuftom of his Predeceflbrs. But
a violent Diitemper, which feized the young Prince, ob-
ftru&ed his Project, and made him almoft defpair of his
Life. Lewis was fo affected with his Son's Danger, that
he went in Pilgrimage to Becket's Tomb (11), to obtain
that Saint's Interceflion for the Prince's Recovery. Henry
met him at Dover, and conducted him to Canterbury,
where they both offered up their Prayers. When Lewis



239

left the City (12), he gave considerable Prcfents (1 3) to "79.
the Church, where the Saint lay interred (14).

I have flightly palled over the Occurrences of thefe Jaft M. Pari*
Years, as feeming to me of little confequcncc to Fo- '
reigners. However the Engl'Jh Reader might meet, in
this Interval, with things worth his notice. For in- C
ftance, the Aflizes of Northampton (15,) make a very con- D:
fidci able Article. This was a Revival of the Conftitutions ""
of Clarendon, except thofe that concerned the Clergy, from
whence fprung the Corned: between the King and Bedel
( 1 6). We find alfo, during this Time, Henry make feveral
Regulations for the Administration of JufticC and Govern-
ment of the State, which may be of ufe to the Englf.,
but doubtlefs are of little moment to Foreigners. Wheie-
fore I think it neeulefs to defcend to particulars. However
I mull not omit one Event, v I. ch gn itly redounds to the
Glory of this Monarch.

Alphonfi King of Cajlile (17), and San :.'; (18) King
ol Navarre, having great Contefb about certain CaftJes
and Territories, fent Ambafladors to Henry to entreat him
to be their Umpire, promffing to ftand to his Sentence
So great a Truft redounding very much to that Prince's " ;r D 'ff'~
Honour, he thought himfelf obliged to ufe all poffible ■','
care to give Content to both Parties, or at lcaft to avoid p- ;6i, &c
the Imputation of pronouncing :ln unjufl: Sentence. To c
that end, he convened at London all the Baroris and !j '_'/'
Judges of the Realm (19), to have their Advice. The
Affair being maturely examined, he palled a Judgment in
which both Kings thought proper to acquiefce (20).

There is, in the Celled/ion of the Publick Aits, an _" 8 °-
agreement between Letvis and Henry, to go together to *. i^jo
the Holy Land. But as this Record is without date, Brompt.
there is no fetting down the precile Time (21). Very pro- UmU; -
bably it was made whilft Lnvis was at Canterbury.
The Death of that Prince, which happened in nSc, Li ;
prevented their intended Expedition. Philip his Son, who "cceded'/'-'hii
was afterwards (irnamed the Augufl, mounted the Throne Sen Philip.
of France (zz). Biompt.

Pope Alexander III departed this Life alfo in the Year H " ed "
1181, and was fucceeded by Lucius III. (23). 1181.

Whatever appearance of Tranquillity there was then in pi'"* Kait
the Court of England, Ambition, Luff, Jealoufy ; in a M.Paris,
word, all the Paflions that raife the ftrongefl; Emotions HtStae of
in the Heart of Man, exercifed their Empire over the < htC ""'°f

r England.



-After which the two



(1) King Henry's Sons Richard and Geoffrey did him Homage at Mans, and his Son Henry 616 it April I. Diceto. p. 585.-
Kings, Father and Sen, returned to England May I. 1175. Dieeto. ibid. Hoved. p. 542.

(2) This he did in a great Council at Northampton January 26. See Hoved. p. 54S. Dieeto, p. 5SS. Hvoeden fays, it was at Nottingham; but by
what follows, it appears to be a Miftake.

(3) Hovedcn lays, three Judges to each Circuit ; his Words are thefe : Juflieiarii itineraries confiituti per Henricum fecundum, qui div/Jit Wegmm fuum in
J ex partes, per quarum fmgulas tres Judiciaries itmerantes conjiituit, Sec. p. 548. Diccto's account is yet more particular, Rex, juxta eonfiUum flit Jut Regis
cram Epifcapis, Comitibus, Barcmbus, Militibus, & alns bominibus fuis in bee confentirntibus eonflituit Jujliciario: in Sex partibus regm jui m ur.aq'udque tret.
Diceto. p s88. See a Lift of the Dijlritls, and the Judges appointed in each, in Hoved. p. 548.

(4) Rapin fays in 'Term-time, which is a Mittake, tor it is not in Term-time, but immediately after Hilary-Term and Trinity-Term, that the twelve Judges
go the Cncuit, two by two j whence the Aflizes, which are held but twice a Year, are called Lent Aflizes, and Summer Aflizes.

(5) About Michaelmas. He feized afterwards thule that were not demoliihed now, and garrilbned them with lus own Soldiers. Diceto, p. 504. Herved.

P- 555-

(6) Thofe of Huntingdon, Walton, Leicejler, Groby, Stutesbery, Dudley, Trefe, Haie, Sec. belonging to the King of Scot/and, Hugh Bigod, the Earl of



Hoved. p. C54. M. Paris, p.



Bn



npt. p. 11 12. Dieeto. p. 590. See the Marriage-Articles in



Lcicejler, Errl Ferrars, Geri'aje Paganet, Roger de Moivbray. Diceto. p.

(7) King Henry 3ticmbled a Parliament, to confult them about the propoled Match.
Gervafe. p. 1436, 1437. Brompt. p. 1 113.

(SJ At the Head of which was the Archbiihop of Canterbury. Gervas. p. 1434. (9) Augufl 27. Dieeto. p. 594.

(10) And alfo William, Son of Robert Earl of Glocefler, appointed Prince John his Heir, and promifed to give him his Daughter Avifa In Mar-
riage. Brompt p. mfx Dieeto. p. C94. Hived, p. 553.

(11) Hoveden fays, he was advifed in a Dream foto do. p. 592. He came to England, Augufl 22d. Brcmpt. p. 1 140. or, according to Gervafe, Augufl
23d. p. 1457.

(12) Which was Augufl 26. M.Paris p. 137.

(13) He offered at Beckct's Tomb a mafly Cup of pure Gold, and gave to the Monks one hundred Modu. i. e. feven thcufrnd two hundred Gallons
of Wine yearly, and freed them from all Toll or Cuftom, for whatever they lhould buy in his Kingdom. All which he confirmed by a Charter under his
Seal. Hoved. Brompt. p. 1140.

(14) Mr. Rapin hath omitted feveral remarkable Occurrences, which happened within thefe three Lit Years. The Earl of Flanders had in 1177.
an Interview with King Henry at Canterbury, after Eajier, and went in Pilgrimage to Becket's Tomb. Soon after he went to Jerufalem, and with him
William de Mandevill, Earl of Efjex, Henry de Lacy, Sec Brompt. p. 1 127. King Henry went into Normandy in I 1 77. about the middle of

Auguj), ard landed again in England, July 15. 117S. Brompt. p. 1 1 33, 1138. R. Diceto. p. 599 In 1177, in December, Audcl'ert EarJ of Marcbe,

fold King Henry that Earldom. Hoved. p. 572.

(15) This was a great Council or Parliament \ and, according to Brompton, was twice held ; firft in 1 176, June 29. and fecondjy, in 1 177, about Janu-
ary 14. Brompt. p. 1108, 111S.

(16) In this great Council at Northampton, King Henry reftored Robert, Earl of Leicefler, to all his Eftates in England, and in his French Dominions,
except the Caftles of Mounforcll, and Pafcil The like he did to Hugh Earl of Chejltr ; And to William de Albiney, he give the Eaildom of .V_//7.v. Hi-
ved, p. 560. At the fame Council Hkewife Rees ap Griffin, King of South-Wales, David ap Omen, King of hcrtb-Wale:, Cadivalan Piincc of Detrain,
Given de Kevilian, Griffin de Biimfeld, and Madec ap Gervetrog, and ether Noblemen of Wales, came and did Homage, and lwore FeaJty to King Henry ;
who then gave Reel ap Griffin. Menoncth-Jbire, and David ap Oiven, Ellejmerc Hoved. p. 566.

(17) Who had married Eleanor, King Henry's Daughter, 1176. Hoved. p. 555.

(18) Rapin talicly calls him Garcias,

(19) That is, he convened at Weftminjler, the firft Sunday in Lent, a great Councilor Parliament j or, as Srtmpttm has it, the Archbiihcps, Bifticps,
Abbots, Deans, Aichdeacons, Earls, Barons, and great Men of England. Brompt. p. 1120. Hoved. p. 561.

(20) You have the Particulars of this Controverfy, and the King's Judgment in the Collcclien of Publick Als. Tom. I. 42,-^50. Rapin In 1179.
Richard de Lucy, refigned his Place of Jufticier of England; upon which King Henry calling a great Council at Windfer, divided England in four Pans
or Circuits, and ap|ioiiited five Pcrfons toadminifter Juftice in each Diftrict, whole Names lee in Hoved. p. too, 591. Hut the n.'xt Year Ranulpb de

Glanville was made Jufticier. Hoved. p. 600, 601 Auguji 27. 1179. King Henry called to an Account the Vicecanites, or Sheriffs. Diceto.

p. 605.

(21) Brampton fays, it was made September 21. 1 178- at Roan. p. I 134, 113;-

(22) He and Henry entrcd into a Treaty of Peace. Hoved. p. 593. Alfo this Year King Henry Severely punifned the^Moaey-changers for adulterat-
ing the Coin; and in November, (here was new Money ifiued out. Geivas. p. 1457- Abeut Mid-lent, King Henry the Son came over to Eng-
land, to have a Conference with his Father, and from th;nce loon after went back into Flanders. Brompt. p. 11 39, January 14. this fame Year,

were celebrated at the Caftle of Pleizct in Effex, the Nuptials of William de Magnaville, Earl of F.fjex, and Hadelvija, eldclt Djushter of Wi.'.ian, Earl
of Albemarle, in whole Right he became Earl of Albemarle, Dieeto. p. 609.

(23) This Year King Henry the Father went over into Normandy, where he kept his Eafier, and returned to England, July 25. Diceto. 610, 612.
Alter his Return, he fent his Juftickirks throughout England, ordering both Rich and Poor to provide themfelvcs with Arms, at their own Charge.
His Regulations about this Matter were as follows'. 1. Whofocver hath a Knight's Fee, ftiall have a Coat of Mail, an Helmet, a Shield, and a
Lance ; and every Knight fhall have fo many Coats of Mail, Helmets, Shields, and Lances, as he hath Knight's Fees. 2. Every Free Layman, that
hath in Goods or Rent, to the Value of fixtcen Marks, fliall have a Coat of Mail, an Helmet, a Shield, and a Lance. 3. Every Free Layman, that
hath in Goods ten Marks, fhall have an Iron Gorget, an Iron Cap, and a Lance. 4. All Burgefles, and the wht le Community of Freemen, ihall
have a Wambais, (;'. e. a Horfeman's Coat) a Cap of Iron, and a Lance. &c. See Hoveden, p. 614.— — This Year died Hugh Kivilioc Earl of

Cbrficr, and was fucceeded by his Son Ranulpb. Brompt. p. 1142- This Year alfo great Difputes arefe between Philip King of France, and Philip



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