M. (Paul) Rapin de Thoyras.

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might be taken care of. The Queen's Exhortations, the
King's unfortunate Condition, and the Fame he had ac-
quired in the Eajl, concurred to keep the Englijh Barons
in theFidelity due to their Sovereign. As they did not ques-
tion but John would improve this Juncture to diiturb the
State, they entered into an Affociation to exclude him
from the Government, at the very time he was taking
meafures to feize it. The Opportunity appearing to him
very favourable, he had formed a defign to take the Admi-
iiiitration of Affairs into his hands, that he might more
eafily wreft the Ciovvn from the King his Brother. But
he was prevented by the Diligence of the Queen his Mo-
John tries ti ther, and the Barons. He had the mortification to fee
lay held on ^ other Regents appointed during the King's Imprilonment.
. . ' ; -,'. ' However, he forbore not to ufe his endeavours to break an
a mount the Aflociation fo prejudicial to him. He affirmed, his fole
'" '• Aim was to fecure himfelf againft the Pretenhons of his

Gervii. Nephew, the Duke of Bretagne, in cafe Richard fhould
K. Dccto. die in Prifon. But all his Proceedings plainly (hewed,
Hemingt. • his defign was rather to obilruct the King's return, fup-
pofing he fhould be fo fortunate as to obtain his Liberty.
lUmmniit And indeed he neglected nothing to become mailer of the
Oi/ladei, fortified Towns, or gain the Governours to his Inte-
refts. It is no wonder, that at fuch a Juncture he pre-
vailed with fome, but in general he met with fo great
oppofition to his defigns, that he found at length there was
no poifibility of fucceeding without the King of France's
H.vtd. AfTiflance. As foon as he was determined, he departed (i )
IwIkeVa m ort ' er t0 confer with Philip. As he went through
League luiib Normandy, lie ftaid fome days at Roan, where he tried all
Philip. ways to corrupt the Loyalty of the Normans ; but not
Brompt. fucceeding, repaired to Paris, where he made a Treaty
with Philip, who defired nothing more than to embroil
Richard's A flairs.
Hoved. If certain Hiilorians may be credited, John obliged him-

P- 7-4- fell to marry the Princefs Alice, refufed by Richard, and
tumi't. j pi oma g e to t he Crown of France for the Kingdom
of England. I do not know whether thefe Authors had
fufficient Authority to affert thefe two Particulars. It is
At~X. Pub. certain the Treaty itfelf, which is in the Collection of the
T. 1. p. 85. Publick Aits, fays nothing like it ; neither is it probable
that John, who was already married, fhould promife to
efpoufe another Wife. It feems more likely therefore, that
Philip, as the Treaty imports, was fatisfied with admit-
ting John to do Homage for all the Provinces in France
belonging to the Crown of England (2), which, as Sove-
reign Lord, he pretended to difpofe of.
He tries in As foon as John had finifhed his Affairs in France, he
vain to gain embarked for England, with defign to ufe his utmoft en-
Sc tand '"' favours t0 S a ' n tne King of Scotland; But William re-
membering Richard's generous Ufage, would give no ear
to his Solicitations, whatever means John employed to
make him believe the impiifoned King would never reco-
Prtttndithi ver his Liberty. All his endeavours, as well with regard
Kingisdtad, to the Normans as the King of Scotland, proving ineffectual,
«adtmand, he Detnou? h t himfelf of another Expedient. He caufed

tot Lnjtvn, t o , r . t» > *■

but is refufed. it to be rumoured that Richard was dead in Prifon, and

Hovtd. upon that foundation, demanded the Crown. But as

there was no other Advice of the King's Death, he did

not find the Englijh inclined to take this rafh ftep in his

favour, without further Confirmation. Mean time, their

refufal furnifhed him with a Pretence to feize fome places

of Strength (3), as being willing to take by Force what he

could not obtain by fair Means. But his Party was fo in-

confiderable, that it was not poffible for him to make any

great Progrefs.

Philips- Whilft thefe things palled in England, Philip was not

mvfa. m ' ' dle ' n F'' ance - I" a belief, that the Englijh employed at

H.jv.d. Home with John's Pretenfions, would not be able to fend

Nrubrig. any Succours beyond Sea, he refolved to feize the Pro-

Hemingf. *






vinces held by Richard in liana. Purfuant to this Pro- 1 1 93 .
ject, forgetting the Oath taken upon quitting Pale/line, he
made himfelf mailer of Gifors, Evrenx, and all le Vexin,
after which he laid Siege to Roan. He .hoped to furprize "
that City, the taking of which would have drawn after it ,'."
all the reft of Normandy, but had the mortification to mils (,,
his Aim. The Earl of Leiccjler, who had thrown him- ;
felf into the City fome days before, made fo brave a
Defence, that after an Afiault, wherein the French were
repulfed with great Loft, Philip was foi ted to raife the
Siege.

Mean time, Queen Eleanor not content with oppofing Ek
a ftrong Fence againft the Ambition of her younger Son,
laboured with all her power the King's Releafe. As the Aft. r
Emperor had no plaufible Colour to detain him in Pri- ' ■ '• p* 7*»
fon, flic imagined, a powerful Mediation, tilth a, the '.')' ',
Pope's, might have a good Effect. In this Belief fhe frc- .•/.. r'p r .
quently writ to his Holineis, intreating him to take in Btoropt.
hand the King her Son's Caufe. All her Solicitations
not prevailing, flic font him at length a very cxpoftulatory
Letter, plainly fhewing how highly flie was provoked at
his Indifference. She complained, that he was unwilling
to take the leaft Step in behalf of the imprifoncd King:
That he refufed to fend a Nuntio to the Emperor, though
he often fent Legates to all the Chriilian States, on much
lefs important occafions : That this Behaviour was fo
much the more ftrange, as it would be no Difparagemcnt
to his Dignity, fhould he go in Perfon and follitit the Re-
leafe of fo great a King, who had lately expofed his Life
in the Service of the Church. In fliort, (he reprefented
to him, That the many good Offices for which the Holy
See (food indebted to the Kings of England, well deferved
fome return ; and that the Services done the Popes during
the Schifms, could not be forgotten without Ingratitude.
But all thefe Inflances were to no purpofc. The Pope did
not think fit to concern himfelf about an unfortunate
Prince, for fearofdifpleafingthe King of France, by whom
he was preffed, on the other hand, not to interpofe in the
Affair.

Whilft the Queen laboured in vain to move the Pope, Ricfc rd
the Emperor, who wanted a Cloak for his Injuflice, or- ;' ,
dered Richard to be conducted to Haguenaw, where the ibel
Diet of the Empire was aflembled. The Deputies, A;1 - lv
fent by the Queen and Council to the King to acquaint p'^Jf
him with what palled in England, met on the road their H \ei.
unfortunate Prince, ignominioufly conducted like a Crimi- M - ''■"''
nal. This melancholy light drew Tears from their Eves,
at which the King could not forbear weeping. After
they had, by many affectionate Expreffions, (hewn their
Concern for his Misfortune, and allured him of the Loy-
alty of his Subjects in general, thev informed him of his
Brother's Attempts, and his ftrict Union with the Kino- of
France. Thefe Informations made him fenfible, that
in the prefent pofture of his Affairs, it was very improper
to difputc with the Emperor, upon the Terms of his Free-
dom. In this refolution, he was brought before the Af-**<t acaifii
fembly ot the German Princes, where the Emperor charged ' v "j Em F tm
him with fix Articles, of which but one could concern particulars.
himfelf, and none the German Nation in particular. Bmmpt.
I. He accufed Richard of joining in a League with Tan- »!' p '''
cred to fupport that Ufurper in the Poffeifion of the King-
dom of Sicily. II. He alledged, that by his Cornells with
the King of France he had obftructed the Conqueft of
Jerufalcm. III. He charged him with unjuftly invading
the Kingdom of Cyprus, and employing the Arms of the
Croij'es to dethrone a Chriilian Prince. IV. He taxed
him with affronting the Duke of Auftria, at the Siege of
Ptolemais. V. He accufed him of being concerned in the
Murder of the Marquifs of Montferrat. VI. And lailly,
he laid to his Charge, as a great Crime, the Truce con-
cluded with Saladine, and accufed him of holding intelli-
gence with that Infidel Prince, to the great Detriment of
Chriilendom in general.

Tho' neither the Emperor nor the Princes of Germany fk vsmS-
had any Right to fit as Judges upon the King of England, ""''
Richard did not think proper to difpute their Authority.
He was too apprehenfive of giving occafion for Delays,
which mult have been very prejudicial to him. In all appear-
ance, that was the Emperor's iole Aim. He was contented
therefore with briefly faying, Tho' he looked upon himfelf
as accountable to none for his Actions, he was willing how-
ever to vindicate himfelf before that Illuftrious Affembly;
not that he confidered them as his Judges, but becaufe it
greatly concerned his Honour that the World fhould think
him innocent. Then he made his Defence againft the Em-



(1) Soon after Cbri/lmas. Il.veden, p. 714,

(2) John quitted all claim to Gtfori and le Vixin Nortnand, and Pbilip granted him with Alice that '-ait of Flanders which was adjoining to France. See
Rjsmr's Fad. T. 1. p. 8;. H.ied. p. 724..

(3) The Caftles of Walling fori and Windjbr, with the Amlr.ince of fweta! Foreigners he had brought over. But all the Great Men of the Kingdom air-m-
bkd, and laid Siege to rVindfor-CaflU. H.ved. p. 724, 725. Bnrnft. p. 125a, Gtruas, p. 15SJ.



No. 13. Vol. I.



S f f



peror .



254-



The H I STO RT of ENGLAND.



Vol. I.



1193.



Brompt.
p. 1:32.



pcror's fix Allegations. To the firft he replied, That
his Treaty with Tancred no way related to the Emperor:
That he did not make T&ncred King of Sicily, but found
him fo; and treated with him, as with a. King in actual
pnlleilion of the Crown. To the fecond he anfwered,
That the Kina; of France's Jealoufv was the foleCaufeof
the little Progrefs in the Conqueft of the Holy Land, and
the whole iiiame ought to be laid on that Prince, lince he
firft defcrted the Caufe. To the third, which related to
the Conqueft of Cyprus, he made anfwer, That lie took
not that Kingdom from a lawful Prince, but an Ufurper
and Tyrant, who, by his Barbarity, had juftly provoked
iiis Vengeance. Thai, he hath demonftrated, he acted not
in that Affair from a principle of Ambition or Avarice,
fince he voluntarily refigned the Ifland to Guy of Lujignan,
to make him amends for the lofs of the Kingdom of Je-
rujalem. As to the fourth Article, he contented himfelf
with faying, the Duke of Ai'Jlria was fufficienly revenged
of an Affront, for which he might have demanded Satis-
faction in a more honorable manner. As for the Mar-
quifs of Alontjerrat'a Murder, he laid, with (ome emo-
tion, all his paft Actions were fo many Evidences of his
being incapable to ufe fuch infamous Means to be revenged
on his Enemies ; adding, the Marquifs himfelf cleared
liim before he expired, in deliting the Princefs his Wife to
put into his hands the City of Tyre, which doubtlefs he
would never have done, had he fufpecled him to be the
Author of his Death ( i ). He fpoke more fully to the
Charge of holding Intelligence with Saladine. He repre-
fented, though with great Modefty, the (hare he had in
the Victory obtained over the Infidel Prince. He ac-
cufed the Duke of Burgundy oi deferting him purely out of
Jealoufy, when he was juft going to beliege Jerufalem.
In fine, he added, it was eafy to fee that in making a
Tiuce with the Saracens, he had no fordid Views; lince
of all the Booty he acquired by taking the Babylon Cara-
van, he referved nothing to himfelf but only the Ring on
his Finger.

This Defence, which very much confounded the Em-
peror, railed the Companion of the German Princes for
Richard. They were fo convinced of the great Injury
done to that illuftrious Prince, that with one confent they
befought the Emperor to deal more generoufly by him.
But their Intreaties could not induce that covetous and
felfifh Prince to releafe his Prifoner, before he had extort-
ed an exorbitant ranfum. He was the more extravagant
in his demands, as the King of France had lent the Bilhop
ot Beauvais to offer him a large Sum to keep Richard in
perpetual Imprifonment. The Captive King therefore
• was forced, in order to obtain his Liberty, to promife to
pay a hundred and fifty thoufand Marks of Silver, of
which the Duke of Aujlria was to have a Third for his
bard terms effbare. The Emperor required further, that this Sum
fhould be brought into Germany at Richard's Peril and
T. 1. p. S4, Charge. To thefe hard Terms he added, that Richard
s 5- fhould releafe the Emperor of Cyprus and his Daughter,

An. Buiton. 1 ,. XT . 1? 1 r r, . .. . °,

and give nis Niece Eleanor of Bretagne in Marriage to the
Duke of Au/lria'i eldeit Son. Some fay, the Emperor, not
content with thefe Advantages, obliged Richard to make
him an abfolute Relignation of the Kingdom of England;
which however he prefently re-invefted him with, to hold
of him by the annual Tribute of five thoufand Pounds
Sterling. Indeed, this Fact cannot be faid to be altoge-
ther improbable, coniidering Richard's fad ftate. How-
ever, it is hardly credible, that Prince, though a Prifoner,
could be brought to fo unworthy an Action. Belides, we
<Jo not find, the Emperor ever' formed any Pretenlion upon
England, by virtue of this pretended Refignation.
Therefore, the fame Hiftorians which relate this particular,
^ add, that Henry, before his Death, renounced all Right to
of Aries. England. To make the thing more probable, the Em-
Hwcd. peror's Donation of the Kingdom of Aries to Richard is
urged, and pretended to be in return for the Sovereignty
of England. But it is this that makes it prefumed, Ri-
chard's Homage for that Kingdom, given him by the Em-
peror, is confounded with the Homage for England. And
/. :>. Pub. indeed, it appears from the Colleilion of the Publick Ails,
XJ.p.8i,S 3 . that Henry conferred the Title of King of Aries on Richard ;
who, no doubt, did him Homage for that imaginary



lee Gcrn an
Princes n.



R ch . .
Bl'( mpt.



Philip and

John make
tbe Emperor


to dele ' ...
Hovcd.
Brompr.
II; requires



Hovcd.
?■ 7=4-



The Empei

rr.atii inn



Kingdom, which the Emperors had not enjoyed for many 1195.
Years.

As (boil as the Treaty was figned, Richard fent word Matey fj-tbt
ofittothe Queen his Mother, defiling her to ufe a'l '-
poffible mea^ fpeedily to raife the Money for his ranfom. .J' Fr |
This was no inconfiderableSum at that time in England. Im 1 ""'
Richard himfelf when he went to the Holy Band, alnvdr : ' '
drained the Kingdom of all the Coin. Befides, the ' ''""*
Croifcs likewife carried away large Sums. For this reafon,
it was no eafy matter to fupply this new Expence. How- Hovei
ever, the Zeal of the Judiciaries caufed them to find means
to raife a hundred thoufand Marks, by Taxes (2), and by
borrowing one year's Wool of the Abbeys of the Cijlcreiaiis
and Religious Houfes of the Order of Sempringham (3).
To this was added the Plate belonging to the Churches,
upon the Queen's Promife to reftore it, after the Kinsr's
Return (4).

Whilft the Englifh were employed in railing the Kino's tig.t.
ranfom, Philip and 'John tried all ways to break his Affree- Philip and
ment with the Emperor. As foon as Philip heard of it, J; h " - •' '■■>-
he fent John word, to look to himfelf, fince the Devil was rw.'h '
like to get loofe. This News threw the Prince into great itainti m
confirmation. He faw all his hopes vaniih, and himfelf %£&!'■
upon the point of falling into the hands of a juftly incenfed Hovrd! 8 "
Brother, without knowing how to divert the terrible Brcmpt.
Blow. In this perplexity, he had no other Remedy but An ' Burt0D "
to unite itill more ftricfly with Philip, and endeavour,
with his help, to break Richard's meafures for his Deli-
verance. As thefe two Princes had one common Intereft,
they agreed to act together to engage the Emperor by ad-
vantages Offers, to detain Richard in Prifon. The Bi- 7% make
fliop of Beauvais was again conimiflioned to make Henry Ogtrtattt
the following Propofals : That provided he would promife hJST"
to detain Richard 'till Michaelmas, Philip would pav him Brompt.
down fifty thoufand, and John thirty thoufand, Marks: An-Bnttoa,
That after that Term, they would return him monthly
one thoufand Pounds Sterling, as long as Richard was kept
Prifoner: That in cafe he would deliver him into their
hands, they would pay the whole Ranfom of a hundred
and fifty thoufand Marks. In fine, if he refuted this offer,
the Ambaffador was ordered to tender him the fame Sum,
to keep him Prifoner one Year. Thefe offers had fuch an Henjy*«*
effect on the covetous Emperor, that he deferred the ^' l ' t k '"S''
King's Deliverance 'till the next Diet, which was to meet fw!" "
at Spires in a few Months, though Eleanor was come to Brompr.
J Forms with a hundred thoufand Marks, and Hoftages for A "- Bu " c 3»
the payment of the reft. It is eafy to guefs Richard's
Confirmation, when he heard this unwelcome News.
He was not ignorant of his Brother's Endeavours to feize
his Crown, and was fatisfied, Philip would employ all his
Forces to fupport him in his unjuft Defio-ns. On the
other hand, he too well knew the Emperur's Temper, to
hope to foften a Heart that was a ftranger to all generous
Sentiments. In this melancholy State, believing himfelf
entirely ruined, the time he parted 'till the Diet, was the
heavieft and moft grievous of his Life. He was very
juftly alarmed, for the Emperor had actually determined
to comply with the King ot France, and facrifice his Ho-
nour to fordid Intereft. The Diet being a (Tern bled atniendiet.
Spires in February ( ; ), the Emperor addrefied himfelf to the ' - r > ■- > '■■
German Princes in Terms plainly importing, he made no ' '"'' ,
Account of his Agreement with the King of England. HovccU '
Surprized at this Proceeding, they could not forbear telling Brompt.
him their Thoughts. They ftrongly reprefented to him,
that being themlclves Pledges of the Treaty, they could
not in Honour fee it violated, and even intimated he
fhould not break it with Impunity. Whether Henry flood Richard n
in fear of their Threats, or fhame made fome imprellion/'""^- ''.>'•
on his Mind, he was prevailed with to fet his Prifoner n° ved '

. f _ tJrimpton-

free, upon receiving the hundred thoufand Marks, and M. Weft.
Hoftages for the fifty thoufand that were unpaid. Richard
was no fooner at Liberty, but he fpeedily left Germany,
and repaired to the Low-Countries, Having by the way no
longer than was abfolutely necelfary. This fpeed was re-
quifite, for Henry repenting of his releafe, fent after him
to fei/.e him, but it was too late. As foon as he came to p. romrt;
Antwerp, he embarked for England, and lately arrived at He arrives
Sandwich on the 20th of March, 1 194, after a four year's '" ^'■■ i " i -
Abfence, fifteen Months whereof he had palled in Prifon.






fi) la the Celtcahit of tbe Pubiick^as, T.I. p.71, there is a Lciter frcm the Old Man of the Mountain to the Duli.-vf./. Iria, wherein he owns him-
felf the Author 01 the Maiquifs s Murder: E it the Authority of th.s Letter is doubtful upon feveral Accounts,



., particularly tor being dated in the Year of the
1 pntificateof the i ope. Rafm. Sec itin Brampton, p. ,;,;, i Zi -. DlCi , 0> 6So , Hmingfird, p. 544.
^ (2) lljyiden i.iys, every rCnight's Fee w,v taxed twenty ShiUiflgj ; and all, as well Clergy as. Laity, gave one faurth Part, and fome Clergymen even the
1 b of their Revenues this Year, I fides pan f their moveable Goods: And the Clergy moreover gave all the Cjbld and Silver in their CI . The fame

done in the King's foreign Domini, n . ;. . r. -n,, - t , - 3 ;. jjr. Tyrrel obferves, That this Tax was not impofed by the King ; s Prerogative ;

i Money was rail ijenfu CiMmuni, that is, by the Authority of the Great Council of t ho Kingdom. Dictto, p. 670. Tyr



for, as A'. Dktl 1 lata, all tlii



1- L.trl of Arundd,
King's Ranfom. Cbr.



ret, p. S 2i. The Money, as it was raifed, v\ 1- dep ifited in tho Hands of the ArchbiJhop of Canterbury, the Bilhop of London, It';.":
Hame, n Earl otWarroi, and theMayor of Lmdm. lU-J-n, p. -;-. William Kinzot Scotland paid two thoufand Marks towards the b
"• J 79- 01

Order was firft olabhlhed at Sen-pnr-lan, in Limolnjhin (now a Scat of the Glint/ml Earls ei L:r.;:.'-.J in the Year 114S. See ahir, p



(4) lc was reftored afterward. See Hvueicn, p -'V B'rimpttn, p.
( , Rafin by mia.u\. c f a , , .,, Srfitmi ■ v /,. .... p. -.^



I2;S.



Before



Book VII.



6. RICHARD I.



*55



u 94.

Wncecdings
of the Empi

rcr and Dni

of Auftria,

rtlatin? to
lie reft of
the Ranjom.
Hovcd.

I)ront|it.
Hcmingf.



Before I finifh what relates to Richard's Imprifonment,
not to return hereafter to the Payment of the relidue of
his Ranfom, I fhall add here what palled on that head,
both with refpetft to the Emperor and the Duke of Au-
Jlria. The Iaft, after frequently folliciting Richard to
fatisfv him, fent Baldwin of Retime, one of the Hoftages,
to let him know, that he would come upon thofe he had



1195,



the Crown-Lands made before his departure to the Hoh
Land. His Pretence for fo doing, was, that the Purcha-
sers had fufficiently rcimburfed themfelves, out of the Pro-
fits of the Eftates, though they had enjoyed them but a very
few Years, fie ufed alio another, and no lefs unlawful,
means, to fill his empty ColFers. The GrcatSeal, which H
he carried with him, being loft during his Voyage, he or- P "•>'•



in his power, if the Treaty of Haguenaiv was not fpee- dered another to be made, and obliged all thofe that had



Act. Pub.
T. I. p. S3.

ltji.



Hoved.

¥• 77J-



dily executed. Richard, who knew by Experience the
cruel Temper of that Prince, forthwith lent back the
fame Baldwin with the Princefs Eleanor, that the ttipu-
lated Marriage might be confummated, 'till the reft of the
Ranfom was paid. In all appearance, the Emperor had
taken for himfelf the hundred thoufand Marks, and turned
over the debt to the Duke of Aujlria. Be this as it will,
Eleanor and Baldwin found, upon their Arrival at Vienna,
that the Duke was dead of a Fall from his Horfe. Before
he refigncd his Iaft Breath, he made his Will, wherein he
ordered the King of England's Hoftages to be releafed ;
conferring, he had unjuflly detained him, and could not
in Conference demand a Ranfom. Notwithftanding this
exprefs Order, the Prince his Son, who fucceeded him,
would have detained the Hoftages, had not the Bifhops
oppofed it. They declared, they would not permit his
Father's Corpfe to be buried 'till his Iaft Will was perform-
ed. The Pope likewife fent him a Letter, telling him,
lie had ordered the Archbifhop of Saltzburg to excommu-
nicate hint, if he deferred any longer the Execution of his
Father's Will. Prevailed upon by thefe Menaces, he re-
leafed the Hoftages, and finding he had no great Inclina-
tion for the Princefs of Brctagne, fent her back alio to



any Patents or Commiflions under the old, to have them
renewed, and fealed with the new Seal. His fole Aim
was, to extort Money from private Perforts for renewing
their Charters. Thefe two Methods not appearing fuffi-
cicnt, he invented two more. The firft was, to pr ! . I .. t ' <•
Tournaments and then grant the Nobility a Liccnfe to R '''
hold, or be prelent at them, upon payment of a certain
Sum, in proportion to their Rank (4). The fecond was, Hovel.
to reftore to his Favour his natural Brother Geoffrey, and
permit him to enjoy the Archbifhoprick of York.' The
Bifliop of Coventry, a zealous Friend of Prince 'John, and
like him condemned, received alio the fame Favor. But rt
coft the former two thoufand Marks, and the latter pur-
chafed his Pardon with a prefent of five thoufand.

All the Forces Richard deligned againft France being Philip gett
ready, News was brought him, as he fat at Table, that; tS " J
Philip was befreging I'crncuil. His Indignation to be thus ,'."' ,
prevented, tranfported him fo, that he fwore he would not V .
turn his Face, 'till he had joined his Enemies: To keep hi. !J'."'
Oath, he caufed part of the Wall of the Room to be pulled ■
down, and going out through the Opening, embarked im- l! ■ ■■
mediately with his Troops which waited for him on the
Sea-fide, and lately arrived in Normandy. Upon his Ap- Richird



Online LibraryM. (Paul) Rapin de ThoyrasThe history of England : written in French (Volume 1) → online text (page 107 of 360)