M. (Paul) Rapin de Thoyras.

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rv, of fending Ambaffadors to the Miramolin of Africa, vernment in London (2), and moft other Cities of the

with an Offer of his Kingdom, and a Promife to embrace Kingdom. According to Camden, and others, John was

the Mahometan Religion, which is altogether improbable, the firft that coined Sterling Money. The Ceremonies

However, as unlikely as this Charge is, there are modern obferved in the Creation of Earls, had him for their Au-

Hilforians who fcruple not to vent it for truth, in a be- thor. In fine, he eftablifhed the Englifh Laws in Ireland, Knightw*.

lief that Matthew Paris ( 1 ), who wrote in the Reign of and gave the Cinque-Ports the Privileges they enjoy at this p ' 2 * 2+-

Henry III, Son of John, would not have ventured to ad- day (3).

Vance it, had it been groundlefs. But this Argument John had no Iflue by his two firft Wives. Ifabella o( HisWivtt

feenis of little weight, fince that Hiftorian dared to Angoulimt his third Wife, brought him two Sons and three <""<#"'

fpeak in very difrefpectful Terms of Henry III, himfelf, Daughters. Henry fucceeded him. Richard was Earl of

without any dread of his Refentment, from which perhaps Cornwal, and afterwards chofen King of the Remans. Of

he was fcreened when he wrote. Add to this, that in his three Daughters, Joanna was married to Alexander II.

thofe days, Books were not immediately difperfed, but re- King of Scotland ; Eleanor was married firft to William

mained many times a long while concealed in the Monaf- Marfhal Earl of Pembroke, and after his death to Simon de

teries, before they were publifhed. Montfort Earl of Lcicejler. The Emperor Frederick II,

John was always unfortunate, and if we may believe efpoufed the third, whofe Name was Ifabella (4).
the Hiftorians, always hated by his Subjects. One can't The moft remarkable foreign Events during this Reign, KmsrUhU

however reconcile this conftant hatred of the Englijl), with were the taking of Conjlantincple by the Arms of the French *f"ff l w *

the great eafe wherewith he levied Armies when he and Venetians in 1204, and the Crufade againft the AM- M . p';,,;,.

wanted them, and even whilft he was under the Sentence gevfes (;), which gave birth to the Inquifition (6). p. 240.

(I) He not on'y gives the Name": of the AmbaiTadors, viz. Tbemai Harding/in, and Ralph Firx- Nicholas, Knights , with Robert of London, a Pried,
but aifi defciibes at large the manner of the Audience, and their Convention with the black King, and how he defpis'd the King their Mafter tor his
Me.nnefs of Spirit, and d : fmifs'd them with contempt. It is likew'ne recorded of King John, thjt he Ihnuld fay fome time after he had made
h s Peice with Innocent, That nothing had projpercd -.vitb him fince he nvas reconciled to God and the Pope. Again, having been a Hunting, at the
opening of the Buck, it is affirmed he mould lay, Set l-.'.a fat that Deer is, and yet I dart faear be never heard Ma/:. See M. Paris, p. 243,
14.5, 2t,2.

I2) King John in the Year 1208, by his Letters Patents, gran'cd the Citizens cf London Liberty and Authority yearly to choofe themfeives a Mayor, wh ; ch
Office before continued during Life. He alio gave them leave to chufe a Common Council «f the moft lubftantial Citizens ; and to eleft and deprive their
Sherfts at p'ealure. See Stozti's Survey. V>. V. p lot.

(3) On consideration that they obliged themfeives, and their Heirs, to provide the King upon reafonabie Summons, fourfcore able VcfTels, at their own
Charge.', tor the Space of Forty Days, and after that to receive Watts of the King. See Knighton, 2424.

(4; King Join's natural IlTue were : I. Richard, who married Rokejia, Heir of Falbtrt de Dover, who built Cbilham Caftle in K-nt ; by her he had
1,'ra (Wife of William Marmion, from whom are defcerded the Dim-.cks ot Scrivelby in Lincolnjhire , the Icrrers of Tanrtvortb and Baddefiy, thi Wtl-
hugby'% of WaHa'on, and the Aflon's of Stafford/hire ) and Ifabella married to David de Strabolgy Earl of Atbol, who had with her Chilbam, whole
K-:rs gcnjral were the Lord Burgh and the Zoucbisof Codr.or. II. Geoffrey F-tz. R y, who was feat over to Rachel and there died. III. Sir John Comcy
v .>s fays Robert the Monk cf Glocefier.) IV. Oibert Grffcrd, to whom his Father King J*hn, in the feventecnth Vear of his Reign, commanded the She-
riff of Oxford/hire to deliver thirty Pounds, the Ettatc of Thomas de Ardem in thtc County. V. Oliver, called Olivariut frater Henries tertii, in Recordt
of fleny Jil. H - was at the Siege cf Damsel a. with Saber de Sfuincy Earl of Wmcbef.er, and William de Albmey Earl of Arundel, and others. VI. Jean,
Wife 1 t Leiocllin the great Prince of North Wales, to whom King 'John gave with her the Lordihip ot Eilefmere in the Marches of Wales. She had IlTue
tv him David (who did Homage to Henry III. at Wejlminjlcr, 1129-) and two Daughters, Wer.celma, Wife of Sir Reginald de Cretan, and Margaret,
Wife of John de Ensues, (Son of the laid Reginald) by whom ihe had William de Braves Lord of Cotaer, &c. from whom many noble Families are ds-
Iccnded. SanJf- p. 87.

(5) About the Vear 1 160, one Waldo a Merchant cf Lyons, applying himfelf to the Study of the Scriptures, and finding there were no Grounds there
for feveral of the Rom-.jh Doctrines, particularly Tranuibftantiation, publickly oppofed them. His Followers, from him called Watdenfet, being chaced
from Ly.ni, lpread over Daupbme and Provence. Upon which Philip Augvjius is faid in order to flop their Growth, to have razed three hundred Gentlemen's
Scats, and deitroyed fever al wall'd Towns. But this inftead cf decrealing their Numbers, made them overfpread a great part of Europe, and multiply
fo f.tft, that in lefs than an hundred Years after Waldo, in the fmall Eilhoprick of Pajjau alone, there were above eighty thoufand. It appears from the
Articlesof their Faith, which they drew up and dedicated to the King of trance, that they agreed in moft points with the prefent Proteftints. In 1200,
thofe Pe.ple in the Province cf Albigeois in Langucdcc, fn m whence they were called Albigenjes, ftood upon their Defence. L T pon which Philip Auguftut
wairing againft them, drove them into Bohemia and Savoy, and feveral lied into England. The Crulade againft them is faid to confift of five hundred
thoufand Men, who wore their CrolTes on their Breafrs, in order to diftingu.lh thcmielves fiom thofe that went to the Holy Land, who wore them on their

(6) Pope Gregory IX was the firft that fet on fcot this horrid Tribunal, and eftablifhed it at Ttnilttufc, where it was foon pulled down for its Cruelties.
Italy and Spain embraced it, but Charles V, endeaveuring to fet it up in the Lew-Countries, loft thole Provinces by it. This Court is in the Hands of
the Dominicans, and take.; Cognizance of Herefy, Judaifm, &c. The Delinquents are imprilbncd in Dungeons, and never fee the Light till they accufe
themfeives and their Accomplices, tor they never know or are confronted with their Accufers. The Congregation of the Inquifition was eftabliihed by
Paul III, and confiimid by Sixtui V. It conlifts of twelve Cardinals, and abundance of Prelates and Divines. The Cardinals are Inquifitorj General, and
depute Subftitutes in the Pruvinces. bee Rclig. Cnffrnt.

I. The Parliaments in King John's Reign were as follows : In 1 199, at Northampton ; {Hived- p. 793. At. Paris, p. 196.) another at Weflminjler,
May 26. (M. Paris, p. 197 ) In 1200, a Parliament: (Id. p. 200.) another at Lincoln, in November. (Br.mpt. p. ia3z.) In 1201, a Parliament at
Lue in Lincoln jhu- r , in I. "it. 'Hoved. p. 803.) [n 1204, J an, 2. a Parliament at Oxford. (M. P aris, p. 209. ) In 1207, Jan. S. a Parliament at
London; and another, Fib. 9. at Oxford. 'All. Waverl. p. 1O9.) In 1209, ntWindfor, itChriftmafs. (M. Pans, p. 229.) In 1210, at York ; Iikewife
at Chrftmafs. {Id. p. 230.) I111211, a Parliament at Northampton ; {An. Burton, p. 263.) another at Windfor, {M. harts, p.231.) In 1212, InLent,
at Clerkemuell, in London, {Id. p. 231.) at Cbriftmafs, at Wejtminjiet. {Id. p. 233.) In 1213, a Parliament at St. Albans, [Id. p. 239.) at London,
{Id. p. 240.) another there, {Id- p. 246) one at Reading, Dccetr.b. 6. {Id. p. 247.) at Wtndfor, at Chnflmafs, {ibid.) In 1214, a Parliament at Lon-
don. {Id. p. 249 ) In 1215, June 15, in Runnemede, near Windfor. {Id. p. 255.)

II. Having fpoken of the Revenue aritiog from Aids, I proceed to Scutages and Tallages. Efcuage or Scutage, was a Daty or Service, arifing out
of Baronies and Knights Fees. It denoted Servitium Scud, the Service of the Shield ; and was wont to be rendered thus , vac. for every Knight's Fee, the
Service of one Knight j tor every half Fee, the Service of half a Knight; and fo in proportion. Baronies were charged after the like manner, according
to the Number ot the Knights Fees, whereof the Barony by its original Enfeoffment , d*d confift. This Service ot Scutage was performed, either per-
itbpall) in the King's Aimy, or elfe by pecuniary Commutation. Indeed the word Scutagium, in an extenltve Senfe, did antiencly fignify any payment.
auTeiTed upon Knights Fees j whether tor the King's Armv, or not- But here, it will be conlidered only as a Duty, ariling out of Baronies ana Knights
Fees, tor the Service of the King's Army. The antient way ot charging or aulwering it was, fo much De Scuttgio Walliee, ace. or pro Milttibus, izx his
Knight's Fees, or de Extrcitu Wallia?, See. Thefe Efcuages, pro exercitu, were wont to be paid by the King's Tenants in Capite, by Knight's Service.
Tenant in Capile, ligniries immediate Tenant. And here it may be obferved, that a Man might ho J ot the King in Capite, either by Barony, or by
Knight's Service, or by Serjettnty, or by Socage, or by Fee-Farm ; conlequently it is a miftake, that fome great Men have been girlry of, that a Baron, and
^ Tenant m nipite, was all one. For though every Baron, properly fo called, was a Tenant in Capite, yet every Tenant in Cap :e, (there being fome
n: half, or quarter, or a tenth part ot a Knight's Fee,) was not a Baron. The phrafe in Capite, was commonly ufed to fignity tmmedta'e. Alexander
tie S&ttnfortt, whilft he relided at the Exchequer, collected out of the Revenue Rolls oi the Pipe, many Memorials concerning the Scutages, allelfed in the
K-igns of Henry 11. Richard 1. and John ; till the fifteenth of Henry III : Thele he put together in the Red Book. He ciuld it feems give no account
at Scutages, olaer tlian Henry II. though it is more than probabie, there were Scutages ' in the time cf Henry I. The annual Rolls ot his Reign are loft,

flu 11 ll Scutagt (lays Alexander,) was alTeffed z Henry II. For the Atmy of Walei, twenty Shillings for each Knight's Fee, and was affeH'cd only upon
chore Prelates who wen: bound to military Services. The fecond Scutage, (fays he) was for the fame 5 Hen. 11. but afTelTed, not only open the Pi elates,
iiur others, according to the Number of their Fees : This Scutage is entitled, De Done. Ard here he obferves, that the Dcnum of the Pi elates makes a Sum
anluirabU- to the Number of fees, held of the King in Capite ; and thcietorc by him luppolcd to be a real Scutage. This was two Marks per Fee. In the
18th ot Hm, II. the Efcuage of Ireland came to be put in Charge. To this Elcuage, feveral Perfons are charged, under this Title, De Seutagii Mltirtem
yr.1 net aturunt, eke. i. :. The Elcuage 01 Knights, who did not go into Ireland, nor fend thither any Knights or Money. It has been before ob.erveJ,
|in the lali Coin Note,) that Charters or Certificates of Knight's Fees weie fent in, when Aid for marrying Hmry lid's Daughter was levied ; and it
I Ens that in ancient times, whenever Scutages were to be levied, the Barons and Tenants in Capite, d d fend in Certificates of their refpective Fees, either
'l.tiet auilits, or at leaft moft ufoally. Thi, appears by the Red B'ck of the Exchequer, ani Tef la de N evil. The Reader may lee the Certificate of Robirc
de Btauchawp ef Haa.ee, lor his barony, in AJudox's Formuiare. N°. II. As Efcuage was rendered lor Fees holden of the King .n Capite, by KnigSt'v
"Service, ut de Corona, fo it was rendered for Fees holden of Honours and Efcheats, which weie in the King's hands, and for Ft.-, holden of rhe Land" pur-
chafed by the King, and for Fees holden of the King's Wards. For the Tenants holding of the King's WardfiYps ai.d Efcheats, were immediate Tenants,
«*t the King, wli 1ft they reftfd in him. It is to be ur.derftocd, that in general, Efcuage was paid accoiding to the St m that was affelfed i fupno r e, at the
Xa/e ot one, t<%o, ci three Marks, for each Fee NeverthelclV, manv doubts arol'e about the faymvat of it. icrec:tia;t the Service Joe from a Tenant

Book VIII 7. } O H N. i$i

by Knight's Service, was uncertain ; that is, it was fometimes doubtful, of how many Knight's Fees a Man or his Anceftor Wis enfeofl
what Sum he was to pay for Efcuagc. This frequently happened in the Cafe of EccletiaiticaJ Perfons, by reafon of the antiquity of their ' , t<>

that the Form of their Enfeoffment could not be eafijy known in fucceeding times ; and becaufe it was many times doubtful, whether they held feme of
their Lands by Barony and military Service, or in Frankalmoign. Again, in the Cafe 01 other Ferfwis, fome Honours or Baronies, confined of
Knight's Fees than others did, and fome Fees were much larger than others; infomurh that it was doubtful, whether a Man held by Baiony or Km '
Service, whether by the Service of one Knight's Fee, or of more, or of how many Knight's Fees. On the other hand, fome Knight's PcM were rem
ably fmall ; fuch, for Infhnce, were the Fees of the Honour of Moreton, which were called par-va Feoda Morttonar, and paid Icfs Efcuage, than the gen
ralityof other Fees, about a third part Icfs. As Efcuagc. was paid out of Knight's Fees; lb there were alio fome Scr'eantic^ £a:d the fume. Peril
theie Serjeanties were hoKlen by military Tenure. For fometimes Knight's Service was annexed to a Serjeant; j that is, Lands were holden both by Ser-
jeanty, and the Service of a Knight's Fee, or part of a Knight's Fee. And if the Tenure (either in Whole or in. part ) was Knight's Service, the Tenant
paid Efcuage. But Land holden by !-.njeanty only, paid no Efcuage. Efcuagc Money was in lieu of perfonal Service. And therefore, the Bucns *nd KV '
were commonly charged with EU.ujpe, or Fines for Elcuage, under the Terms, Pro exeraru, De hit qui nan abitrunt cum regents tUnariei ntc mittttx pro
fe miferunt, Fthei pro Pa j} agio, or the like. But it is to be undcrftood, that perfonal Service was required mod itriclly, ; t not fbleJy, ct the Tenants
holding by Kniuht's Service m Capite vt de Corona* For if a Man held his Land of the King by Knight's Scrvjge, ai <*t an Honour, then in the King*!
Hands, and n'Ji of the Crown, luch Tenant was not indifpenfably obliged to do perfonal Service in the King's Army, but - ■ King Efcuage,

when it was aflefled : At lea/r, this was alledged to be the Ulage in the Reign of Edward II. When the King went forth with hi . Army, h- wil
wont to fummun his Barons and Tenants in Capita by Knight's Service, to be ready to du their Service in his Army, according to the Numbsr of their
Fees, and Quantity of their Tenure. This was called Summonce ad habendum fervitium. This Summonce ran thus : «• Vicccomiti Kaucja? falutem. F, •
"■ cipimus tibi quod fine dilatione Summoneri facias per totam ballivam tuam, Archiepifcopos, Epifcapus, Abbates, Priores, Comi'es, Baronei, Milioau ft
** libera tentntes & omnes alios qui fervitium nobis debent five fervitium militire vel lerjeantise : quuduue fimiliter clamari facias per totam ballivam tuam
*' quod fiut apud Wigorriiam' in Craitino S. Trinitatis, anno regni »oftii Septimo omni dilatione & occafione poftpoGtM, cum toto h'uj modi 1 rviiio
i * quod nobis debent, parati cum equis St armis ad edndum iri fervitium nolrrum quo eis pra?ccperimus. T- H. Stc, apnd Weftnum. 2c. die Martii. "
Eodem modj fcribitur umnibu^ Vicccomitibus. CI. 7. Bin* 3. m. 10. dorfj. When a Man was to prove that he had done hit. Service in the King ', Ar-
my, he commonly made his Proof by Certificate or Tefiimony of the commander in Chief, or of the Conltable, Marflial, or their Lieutenant, or by *
the Rolls df the Marfhalfy of the Army. If the Barons and Knights holding in Capite, did not go in perfon with the King in hii Army, th-y ft mu-
tinies lent Knights in their ffead, and Jometitnes made Fine with the King, ne tramfretcnt, or pro remamndo ab exercitu, or quia nm abierum cum reve
•kc. When King Edward 11, lummontd his Army to march into Scotland, he commanded the Trcafurer and Barons of the Exchequer to accept of J
at the rate of forty Pounds lor each Knight's Fee, to be paid by Archbifliops, Bifhops, the Religious, Widows, and other Women who owed Service
were defirous to make Fines for the fame. 15 Ed. 2. Rot. 65. Sometimes the Barons and Tenants by Knight's Service were amerced for n< |
their Knights to ferye tor them in the King's Army. When they dli aclual Service with their Kni^l.t . f<r U> many Fees i . th- v v.< . ._.,,,.-.
or (tnt Knights in their ilead, or made Fine for the fame, they were wont to be acquitted of Efcuage. Efcuage was not chargeable upon Lands holden
in Frankalmoign* of Royal Foundation. If a Subject gave Land to a religious Houfe in Frankalmoign , fuch Land was not to be diitrained for Efcuagc as
lung as the Doner or hi:. Heirs had other Lands in the lame County on which the Efcuage might be levied. Again, Lands holden purely in Socage paid
nut Efcuage, neither was it paid by Perfons to whom the King by Charter granted Freedom from Ekuige. As the Lord who held of the King in C ,
by Knight's Service, paid 1 Elcuage to the King tor his Knight's Fee ; fo the Tenants of fuch Lord, who held the fame Fees, by Knight's Service, p*id
Elcuage for the lame to their Lord, according to the Quantity of their Tenure ; and then the Lord was faid, habere Scutagia fua, to have his Elcuage
to wit, of his Tenants. The Tenants paid Efcuage to their Lord, to enable him to pay his Efcuage to the King, or re-imburfe him when he 1 I
j)aid it. When the Loid holding in Capite did perional Service in the King's Army, or paid or became duly charged with his Efcuage t:> the King he
was entitled to have Efcuage ot his Tenants, for the Fees which they held of him, and which he held of the King in Cap-te. In this cafe the Lord
might jufiieiare Tetierttei fuos, compel them by diflrefs to pay him Efcuage : Or if he could not compel them himfelf, he often rud a Writ of Aid dir
To the Sheriff to alliir him. But lomctimes the Lord was forced to make Fine with the King, pro habendo Scutavio fuo, to have his Scuta/c. In ih ur
it feems that Elcuage was due tu the Lord tiom Lands which were holden by Knight's Service, ab ant/^uo, but not fmm Land 1 ; holdrp by fought*! Ser-
vice newly created. For u here a Manor palfed by Grant from the King, with the Tenure of Knight's Service annexed to it, the Lord could not have
Efcuage of the Tenants of that Manor, if the Tenants were not wont to do any military Service to the King, whilft the Manor wa r . verted in the King.
Xn elder times, in cafe the Lord was entitled to receive Efcuage of his Tenants, fuch Efcuage was ufually collected by the Lord, per manum fuam wile
ufed to iufticiate or diilrain his Tenants to pay it. Whether it was all along necelTary for the Lord to have the King's Leave to collect hi; Elcuage per
manum j'uam or no, fuch Leave was fometimes granted by the King to particular Lords. But as, in procefs of time, it was very often doubtful, whether
Lands were holden by Knight's Service, or other Tenure ; or if holden by Knight's Service, whether they were holden immediately of the King or fome
other Lord, or by how many Knight's Fees they were holden, or the like : 1 fay, for thefe and other Caulcs, it became almoft necellary that Efcuage
ihould be collected by the Sheriffs of Counties, who might take Inquifition by the Oath of Jurors, concerning thefe and the like Articles. In the loth
of Henry III, the Earls, Barons, and all others of the Realm, granted to the King an EJficax Auxihum y ( called in the Writ a Scutage ) •viz. two Marks
of every Knight's Fee holden in Capite y and of his Wards : Hereupon, the Sheriff of Somerfrtffjire was ord-red by Writ, That at the inifance of the
Earls, we. he ihould diftrain all the Knights and Freeholders, who held of them by Knight's Service, to pay the faid two Marks per Fee. To conclude
Several Particulars relating to the manner of collecting the King's Efcuage, may be obferved from a CommuTion ( in the 10th Edio, II. ) made to cer-
tain Perfons. Thele Commiffioners were appointed to levy the Efcuages of the Armies of Scotland of the 28th, 311!, and 34th Years of Edward I
within the County of York, at the Rate of forty Shillings per Fee. In order thereto, they were to enquire by Oath of lawful Men of the Coun'y what
Fees were held in Capite of the King, at the time of thole Armies ; and what of Efcheats, Honours, and Purchafes j what Heirs were under At;c and
in Cuftody of King Edward I ; and what Archbilhopricks, Biihopricks, Abbies, Priories, and other Eccleuailical Dignities, or Offices then void the
Temporalities whereof did belong to the King j and who held the Knight's Fees belonging to fuch Heirs, Archbilhopricks, £sV. and for what portion of
a Knight's Fee each one held, and where. And the Sheriff' was commanded to fumnion lawful Men to appear before the Commiflioners to make Inqui-
sition touching the matters afurefaid. And the Commiffioners were to amerce feverely fuch as they ihould find rebellious or difobedient. From what has
been faid, it appears, that Lord Chief Juftice Co k e was miftaken in fpcaking of Efcuage, as if it was a Tenure. His words are: " Every Tenure by
*' Efcuage is a Tenure by Knight's Service : but every Tenure that holds by Knight's Service holdeth not by Elcuage. For he that holdeth by Caftle-
*• guard or Coinage, holdeth by Knight's Service, and yet he mall pay no' Efcuage, becaufe he holdeth not to go to War. " Coke, Csm. p. 60. But the
Realbn (as Mr. Madox obferves) why Efcuage was not paid by thofs that held by Caftleguard, was, becaufe when a military Tenant did actual Service in an
Army, or in a Cattle, then he paid no Elcuage. So that Littleton's Words, quo tient ja terre per Efcuage, are to be underftood as if he had faid per It
Service de Efcuage. Having thus largely treated of Elcuage, before I proceed to Tallage, I will conclude this Note with briefly ipeaking of Vanegeld', which
was different from either Aid, Efcuage, or Tallage. It was rirft let on foot in the Anglo-Saxon Times : However, it continued many Years after the
Conqueft. In the Reign of Hentf I, in the Year 11 14, it was paid throughout the Kingdom. And in Stephen's, it is accounted for in every County
as if it were a fettled yearly Revenue j that is to Uy, in the like Words which were then wowt to be ufed in accounting for the yearly Revenue*
Danege'.dum novum tor the firtr Year, pra'tcritum Danegeldum for the preceding Year, and vetut Danegcldum for the third preceding Year : However it is
not certain, that DancgtU was a fettled yearly Revenue. The famous Author of the Dialogue concerning the Exchequer feems to have thought it a'year-
Iy Revenue before, but not after the Conqueft. It may be traced by the Rolls to the Reign of Henry II, but it does not appear, that Danegeld was paid
in the larter part of Henry II's Reign, nor in thofe of Richard I, and John, In all or moil of the Accounts of Danegeld in 2 Henry U there is a faree
Deduction made, under the Terms in IVaflo, which is fuppofed to be by reafon of the Realm being (0 waited by the long inteftine Wars between Stephen
and Maud. Hence it ihould feem that Danegeld was a fort of Hidage, or a Revenue arifing from Lands, as divided or meafured by Hides. Again it feems
that Danegdd was charged upon Land, becaufe it is paid by the Men of the Counties only, the Cities and Towns anfwering at the lame time under tke
Name of an Auxihum or Donum, Tallage and Cuftom will be the Subject of the next Coin Note*

King John in his Coins, gives his Face full, in a Triangle, with a Sceptre in his Right-hand, inferibed, JOHANNES REX. On the Reverfe
another Fnangle with a halt Moon and a Star, and this Infcription : ROBERD. ON. DIVE, which Iaft words fhew the Money was coined a*
. * l,Z£? ~ * Kl 3f 1 Was the hrft that had the TiUe of Domi »«* Hiberma, or Lord of Ireland ; accordingly he is ftiled on his Great Seal'

it°av N v N .? S r?. EI G ,™ ! £,£ EX ANGLIE DOMINUS HIBERNIE; and on the Center Seal, IOANNES DUX NOR
^ N1E ^ T A?-u ,TANIE C , 0IV J E , S ANDEGAVIE. k is obfervable, that all the Pennies that have the Head in a Triangle were

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