M. (Paul) Rapin de Thoyras.

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' the antient Relief (7) ; that is to fay, the Heir or Heirs

' of an Earl, for a whole Earl's Barony, by a hundred

' Pounds ; the Heir or Heirs of a Baron, for a whole

(1) Exaftly printed from an authentick Cipy of the Original in rhe Cotton Library ; and carefully compared with the Original.

The Notes at the Bottom in the larg. r Character, referred to by the Letters (a, and £, &c. ) are loch Paragraphs, or Articles, as occur in the
Magna Charts, extant in Mat. Para, u. 2s.s;, and are left out in the Cottonian Copy. And whatfoever is inferred between thefe two Marks [ ] are
fnch Claufes as were omitted in the Magna Cbarta of Henry III, and all the Charters that followed. So that the Reader hith at one View, a faith-
ful Copy of the Original, as it is extant in the Cotton Library, and alio in what Particular the Charter in Mat. Paris, and that of Henry HI do vary
from it.

(2) King John was the firft of the Kings of England (as Sir Edward Coke obferves ] that in his Grants write in the plural Number: 0.her Kings
before him wrote in the fingular Number j they u fed Ego, \; and King John, and all the Kings after h m, Aoi, We. 2d Irjlirute, p. 2.

{3) That is, all Eccldialtical Perf-ns within the Rialm, their Poffeffions and Goods fhall be freed from all unjuft Exactions and OpprcUions ; but
notwithftanding fhall yield all lawful Dunes, either to the King, or to any of his Subjects. Ccke, ibid.

(4.) No new Rights were hereby given unto Ec.leliaftical Perfans, but luch as they had before, were confirmed unto them. Coke, p. 3.

(5) See above, p. 26;. Col- I.

(6) TheTe was never a Duke, Matquifs, or Vifeount then in England. The firft Duke was Ediuard the Blaik Pr:t*e, who was created Duke of
Corrrzt-all, in 11 Edit'. III. Rclert de t-'ere, Eailof Oxford, was created Marquifs of Dublin in 8 Rich. II. The firli Vilc.mnt oa Record, and that tat
in Parliament by tii.u Name, was 'J. hi Vifcounl Beaumont, created 18 Henry VI. C'-ke, p. 5. For an account of the Tit.es of Earls and Barons, fee
above, p. 14.9, 1 jo ; and StUtn'i Titles of Honour-

(7) For the uod.-rftandi g of this Art cle. it muft be obferved, That when any of the King's Tenants in chief died, the Kiog, as Guardian to hi*
H.-ir, le:zed his Lands ; whkh remained in hs Hands, till the Heir was of Age. But when the He.r came to be twenty one Years old, he could foe
to have rm Eftate. upon doin/ Hum; ge to the King, ard paying a certain Compofition calL-d Rel.ef, which at firft was fettled, accoiding tJ every Man's
Degree, Iram an Earl to a Farmer. (See above, p. 191. Note (1); and p. 143. Note ( III j. But it fams, that fometimes befoie Knj Jits.\
Reign, there had been a heavy Incroachment ol an uncertain Relief, at will and p'ea'ute, which, under a fair Term, was died RuUnahiU Etkahrm }
a reafonable Relief. Ihis Claule therefore lets this Matter a»ain upon its ancient Footing. See Sir Edw. Cok-''t ~-& l*fl- P 7'

No. 1 ;. V o l. I.

C c c c




Vol. I.

heredes rnilitis de feodo militis integro per centum folidos ad ' Barony, by an hundred Pounds ( i ); the Heir or Heirs of

plus : & qui minus debuerit, minus det fecundum antiquam ' a Knight, for a whole Knight's Fee, by an hundred

confuecudinem fcodorum. ' Shillings at moil ; and he that oweth Jefs fhall give

' lefs, according to the antient Cuftom of Fees.

IV. Si autem hercs alicujus talium fuerit infra etatcm, ' IV. But if the Heir of any fuch be under Age, and

& fuerit in cuftodia : cum ad etatem pervenerit, habeat he- ' fhall be in (2) Ward [a) when he comes of Age, he fhall

reditatem foam fine relevio & fine fine. ' have his Inheritance without Relief or without Fine lb).

V. Cuftos terre hujufmodi heredis qui infra etatem fue-
rit, non capiat de terra heredis nili rationabiles exitus, &
rationabiles conluetudines, & rationabilia iervitia, & hoc
fine deftruclione & vafto hominum vel rerum. Et fi nos
commilerimus cuftodiam alicujus talis terre vicecomiti
vel alicui alii qui de exitibus illius nobis refpondere debeat,
5c ille deftruclionem de cuftodia fecerit vel vaftum, nos ab
illo capiemus emendam, & terra committatur duobus Ie-
galibus & difcretis hominibus de feodo illo, qui de exitibus
refpondeant nobis vel ei cui eos affignaverimus. Et fi de-
derimus vel vendiderimus alicui cuftodiam alicujus talis
terre, 6c ille deftructionem inde fecerit vel vaftum, amittat
ipfam cuftodiam, & tradatur duobus legalibus & difcretis
hominibus de feodo illo, quifimiliter nobis refpondeant, ficut
predicium eft.

VI. Cuftos autem quamdiu cuftodiam terre habuerit,
fuftentet domos, parcos, vivaria, ftagna, molcndina , &
cetera ad terram illam pertinentia de exitibus terre ejufdem,
& reddat heredi cum ad plena m etatem pervenerit terrain
foam totam inftauratam de carrucis & wainnagiis fecundum
quod tempus wainnagii exiget, h exitus terre rationabiliter
poterunt fuftinere.

« V. The Warden of the Land of ftichHeir, who fhall
be under Age, fhall take of the Land of fuch Heir only
reafonable lilues, reafonable Cuftoms , and reafonable
Services (4) ; and that without deftruclicn and wafle
of the Men or Things (c) : And it' we commit the
Guardianfhip of thofe Lands to the Sheriff, or any other,
who is anfwerable to us for the Iftues of the Land, and
he make deftru&ion and wafte upon the Ward-Lands
we will compel him to give fatisfadYion, and the Land
fhall be committed to two lawful and difcreet Tenants
of that Fee, who fhall be anfwerable for the Iffues to
us, or to him whom we fhall affign. And if we
give or fell the Wardfhip of any fuch Lands to any
one, and he makes deftruftion or wafte upon them,
he fhall lofe the Wardfhip, which fhall be committed to
two lawful and difcreet Tenants of that Fee, who fhall
in like manner be anfwerable to us, as hath been faid.

' VI. But the Warden , fo long as he hath the
Wardfhip of the Land, fhall keep up and maintain the
Houfes, Parks, Warrens, Ponds, Mills, and other
things pertaining to the Land, out of the Iffues of
the fame Land ; and fhall reftore to the Heir, when he
comes of full Age, his whole Land flocked with Ploughs
and Carriages, according as the time of Waiiiage fhall
require, and the Iffues of the Land can reafonably
bear (d).

VII. Heredes maritentur abfque difparagatione ; ita ta- ' VII. Heirs fhall be married without difparagement (5),

men quod antequam contrahatur matrimonium, oftendatur ' [ fo as that before Matrimony is contracted, thofe who

propinquis de confanguinitate iplius heredis. ' are neareft to the Heir in Blood be made acquainted

* with it. ]

VIII. Vidua poft mortem mariti foi ftatim & fine diffi-
cultate habeat maritagium & hereditatem foam ; nee aliquid
det pro dote fua vel pro maritagfo foo, vel hereditate fua,
quam hereditatem maritus fous & ipfa tenuerint die obitus
iplius mariti ; & maneat in domo mariti foi per quadraginta
dies poft mortem iplius, infra quos affignetur ei dos fua.

IX. Nulla vidua diftringatur ad fe maritandum, dum vo-
luerit vivere fine marito. Ita tamen quod fecuntatem fa-
ciat quod fe non maritabit fine affenfu noftro, fi de nobis
teriuerit, vel fine aileniu doinini foi de quo tenuerit fi de
alio tenuerit.

X. Nee nos, nee ballivi noftri feifiemus terram aliquam
nee redditum pro dc-bito ahquo, quamdiu catalla debitoris
fufficiunt ad debitum reddendum : Nee pleggii ipfius debi-
toris diftringantur, quamdiu ipfe capitalis debitor fufficit ad
folutionem debiti.


' VIII. A Widow, after the death of her Husband,
fhall forthwith, and without any difficulty , have her
Marriage (6), and her Inheritance; nor fhall fhe give
any thing for her Dower, or her Marriage, or her In-
heritance, which her Husband and fhe held at the day
of his death : And fhe may remain in the Capital Mef-
fuage or Manfion-Houfe of her Husband, forty days af-
ter his death ; within which Term her Dower fhall
be affigned (c).

' IX. No Widow fhall be deftrain'd (7) to marry her-
felf fo long as fhe has a mind to live without a Huf-
band. But yet fhe fhall give Security that fhe will not
marry without our Affent, if fhe holds of Us ; or with-
out the Confent of the Lord of whom fhe holds, if fhe
holds of another.

* X. Neither we nor our Bailiffs (8) fhall feize any
Land (9) or Rent for any Debt, fo long as there are
Chatties of the Debtor's upon the Prernifes, fofficient to
pay the Debt (_/"). Nor fhall the SureJesof the Debtor
be deftrained, fo long as the principal Debtor is fofficient
for the payment of the Debt.

XL And

(a) [ His Lord fhall not have the Wardfhip of him, nor his Land, before he hath received his Homage ; and after
fuch Heir fhall be in Ward, and fhall attain to the Age of one and twenty years. J

(b) [ Yet fo, that if he be made a Knight (1) while he is under Age, neverthelefs the Lands ihall remain in the
Cuftody of the Lord, untill the aforefaid time. ] (c) [ Upon the Eftate. ]

\d) [ And all thefe things fhall be obferved in the Cuftodies of vacant Archbifhopricks, Bifhopricks, Abbies, Priories,
Churches and Dignities which appertain to us ; except that thefe Wardfhips are not to be fold. ]

(f) [ If it wao not affigned before, or unlefs the Houfe fhall be a Caftle ; and if fhe departs from the Cafile , there
(hall forthwith be provided for her a compleat Houfe, in which fhe may decently dwell, till her Dower be to her
affigned, as hath been faid ; and fhe fhall in the mean time have her reafonable Ejlover, ( 1. e. competent Maintenance)
out of the common [ Revenue.] And there fhall be affigned to her for her Dower, the third part of all her Husband's
Land-; which were his in his Life time, except fhe were endowed with lefs at the Church-Door. J

(/) [ And that the Debtor is ready to fatisfy it. j

1 The Catjman Copy has a hundred Pounds ; which feems to be a miflake. For the antient Relief of an Earldom, a Barony, and the Living of
a Knight, was the fourth part of the yearly Value of them. Now, the yearly Value of a Barony was to confift of thirteen Knight's Fees and a quar-
re-. which, by juit Account, amounted to lour hundred Marks a Year, therefore his Relief was a hundred Marks, and not a hundred Pounds. See
l. :, 10:^. p- 7-

z] As long as the Heirs of the King's Tenants in chief were under Age, they were faid to be in Ward, but this Warijbip was taken away by the.
Statute ia. Cbarl. II. c =4.

- By beirg maoc a Knight, the Heir was out of Witrd as to his Body ; but his Land remained in the Cuflcdy of the Lord, at is faid in this Article.
Set Coke, p. I 1 .

1 + By 1//*k, are meint, the Rents and Profits ilTuing out, or coming of the Lands or Tenements of the Ward. By Cuftom!, things due by Cuftom or
Prefcriptiou, and appendant to the Lands or Tenements in Ward; as Advowfons. Commons, Stray, &c. alfb Fines of Tenants by Copy of Court-Roll.
Bv Sw ■• '■<, tr,c Drudgery and Labour due from Copy holders to their Lords- See above, p. 150. and Notes, and Coir, p. 11, 13.

Thar is, according to their Rank, GV. Dijpuragtmcti in a legal Senfe, was ufed for matching an Heir in Marriage under his Degree, or againfi
D cency. Cokt Lull. 107. Juab.

(6) Maritagium, that is, lhall have liberty to marry where (be will. It appears by BracJon, that a Woman who was an Heir, could not marry, wi:h-
out the Leave and Confent of the Lords of whom her fcftates were held ; otherwife Ihe forfeited them. Bra.1. 1. 2. p. gg. C:*e, p. 16.
Compelled bv feizing her Goods.
<> In tlii piace ihe -herft and his Under Bailiffs are intended and meant, favs Sir EJ-ward Coke, p. 19.

By ore:: of the Common Law, the King >for his Debt had Execution of' the Bsdy, Lands, and Goods of |he Debtcr ; lb that this it in Aft of
Crcce refraining the Power, tht King had before, Cekc, ibid.

Book VIII.

7. JOH N.

XI. Et fi capit.ilis debitor defecerit in folutione debit),
non habens unde folvat, pleggii refpondeant de debito, & i\
voluerint habeant terras & redditus debitoris, donee fit eis

iatisfac"tum de debito quod ante pro eo folverint, nil! capita- ' they (hall have the Lands and Rents of the Debtor
lis debitor monftiaverit fe eflb quietum inde verfus eofdem ' till thev be fatUfied for flip 1 1,-ht ,.,i\;,..|, »k«. „„'.


XI. And if the principal Debtor fail in the payment

' of the Debt, not having wherewithal to difcharge it (a),

then the Sureties fhall aiifwcr the Debt, and if they will,

:y fhall have the Lands and Rents of the Debtor, un'

they be funded for the Debt whic-h they paid foi

n ■ ■■nlofo .1 .: : 1 HI ... n .'. V- . .

XII. Si quis mutuo ceperit aliquid a Judeis plus vel
minus, Si moriatur antequam debitum illud folvatur, debi-
tum non ufuret quamdiu hercs fuerit infra etatem, de quo-
cumque teneat ; & fi debitum illud inciderit in manus nof-
tras, nos non capiemus nifi catallum contentum in charta.

XIII. Et fi quis moriatur, & debitum debeat Judeis,
uxor ejus habeat dotem fuam, & nichil reddat do debito illo;
& fi Iiberi iplius defuncli, qui fuerint infra etatem, rcman-
fcrint, provideantur t is necefl'aria fecundum tenementum
quod fuerit defuncfi ; & de refiduo folvatur debitum, falvo
fervitio dominorum. Simili modo fiat de debitis que de-
bentur aliis quam Judeis.

XIV. Nullum fcutagium vel auxilium ponatur in regno
nollro nifi per Commune Confilium rcgni noftri, nifi ad
corpus noftrum rcdimendum ; & primogenitum filium nof-
trum militem faciendum ; & ad filiam noftram primogeni-
tam femel maritandam : & ad hec non fiat nifi rationa-
bile auxilium.

XV. Simili modo fiat de auxiliis de civitate London. &
civitas London, habeat omnes antiquas libertates, & liberas
confuctudines fuas tarn per terras quam per aquas.

XVI. Preterea volumus & concedimus, quod omnes alie
civitates, & burgi, & ville & portus habeant omnes liber-
tates & liberas confuetudines fuas, & ad habendum Com-
mune Coniilium regni de auxilio aflidendo aiiter quam in
tribus cal'.bus predictis.

XVII. Vel de fcutagio aflidendo, fummoneri faciemus
archiepifcopos, epifcopos, abbates, comites, & majores ba-
rones figillatim per literas noftras.

XVIII. Et preterea faciemus fummoneri in generali per
vicecomites, & ballivos noftros omnes illos qui de nobis te-
nent in capite ad certum diem, fci licet ad terminum qua-
draginta dterum ad minus, & ad certum locum, & in om-
nibus litteris illius fummonitionis caufam fummonitionis ex-

XIX. Et fie facta fummonitione negotium ad diem aflig-
natum procedat fecundum confilium illorum qui prefentes
fuerint, quamvis non omnes fummoniti venerint.

XX. Nos non concedemus de cetero alicui quod capiat
auxilium de liberis hominibus fuis, nifi ad corpus fuum rc-
dimendum ; & ad faciendum primogenitum filium fuum
militem ; & ad piimogenitam filiam fuam femel maritan-
dam ; & ad hec non fiat nifi rationabile auxilium.

XXI. Nullus diftringatur ad faciendum majus Servitium
de feodo militis, nee de alio libcro tenemento, quam inde


XXII. Communia placita non fequantur curiam noftram,
fed teneantur in aliquo loco certo. Recognitiones de nova

diflaifina ;

(a) [ Or will not difcharge it when he is abie. ]

...... , unlefi the principal Debtor can (how himfclf at

' quitted thereof, againft the faid Sureties.

XII. [ If any one have borrowed any thing of the Jew
' more or lefs, and dies before the Debt be fatisficd, there
I fhall be no Intereft paid for that Debt, fo long as the

Heir is under Age, of whomfoevcr he may hold : And
' if the Debt falls into our hands, we will take only the
Chattel mentioned in the Charter or Inftrument. ]

XIII. [And if any one die indebted to the Jeivt

■ his Wife (hall have her Dower, and pay nothing 0/ that
' Debt ; and if the deceafed left Children' under Age, they

■ fhall have necefTarles provided for them aceordin- to the
1 '1 enement ( or real Eftate ) of the deceafed, and out of
' the refidue the Debt (hall be paid ; laving however the
' Service of the Lords. In like manner let it be with the
' Debts due to other Pcrfons than Jews. J

« XIV. No Scutage (1) or Aid (hall be impofed in our
' kingdom, unlefs by the Common Council of our King-
| dom, except to redeem our Perfon, and to make our
' eideft Son a Knight, and once to marry our eldelf
' Daughter ; and for this there (hall only be paid a rea-
' fonable Aid. V

' XV. [ In like manner it fhall be concerning the Aids
« of the City of London ; and ] the City of London fhall
' have all her antient Liberties and free Cuftoms, as well
' by Land as by Water.

' XVI. Furthermore, we will and grant that all other
' Cities and Burroughs, and Towns (b), and Ports, fhall

• have all their Liberties and free Cuftoms ; and (hall
' have the Common Council of the Kingdom concerning

• the Afleflment of their Aids (3), except in the three
Cafes alorefaid.

' XVII. [And for the affeffing of Scutages we (hall
' caufe to be fummoned the Archbifhops, Biihops, Abbots,
' Earls, and great Barons of the Realm fingly by our Let-
4 ters.J

XVIII. [And furthermore, we will caufe to be fum-
' moned in general by our Sheriffs and Bailiffs, all others
' who hold of us in chief (4), at a certain day, that is
' to fay, forty days before their Meeting at leaft, to a
' certain Place ; and in all Letters of fuch Summons, we

• will declare the caufe of the Summons. ]

' XIX. [ And Summons being thus made, the Bufinefs
' (hall proceed on the day appointed, according to the Ad-
' vice of fuch as are prefent, although all that were fum-
' moned come not. ]

' XX. We will not for the future grant to any one,
' that he may take Aid of his own Free-Tenants, unlefs
' to redeem his Body; and to make his eideft Son a
' Knight, and once to marry his eideft Daughter ; and for
' this there (hail only be paid a reafonable Aid.

■* XXI. No Man (hall be diftreined to perform more
' Service for a Knight's Fee, or other free Tenement,
' than is due from thence (j).

' XXII. Common Pleas (6), fhall not follow our
' Court, but be holden in fome certain Place : Tryals

' upon

(b) [And Barons of the Cinque Ports (2). J

in Chief. It is to be onderflood alio of what the Feudataries paid the King in
n each Viflal for the Service of the Publick. Since William the Conqueror the
es. Rap:n. See above, p. 158, 280. Note II.

•liament. Otherwise it

_ (1) Scutate was military Service, due to the King from the Tenants in Chief.
licil of thlt Service, and likewife of the Tax which was impofed on
Kings had frequently impofed Scutages, without the confent of the Stat

j^itfiirXy ™£«w,. rf is.. They had 6rm priv;ie6cs ' whkh Kins *•*" h ' imfcif had aueme " ted - The g — ° f ">em

(3) That is according to Dr. Brad/s Explanation, they fiall find their Refrejenlatfuts or Commoner, to the Common Council 0/ the Ktnidom
(4.) it kerns to follow from this Arucle, that none but Tenants in Chief had a right to fit in the Common Council or Parliament
was natural to menrion here the Reprefentatives of the Cvmmon?, hid they enjoyed that Right in thole Days. Rabin.

,i) This was the ancient Law of England, as appears by Glaniiill, 1. 11. c 9, 10. Coke, p. »i. See above, p. 154. Note
16) It m, y not be armfs to give an AbrtrJCt of MadoxS Hyputhefis concerning the Divilion of the King's Court, and Erection of the Rank or eon,
TZ^t /T "" ***>«»«« ?»?« « »«ie».l, the great a„d principal Seat of Judicature in this Realm, has o en obfa «i I a fo ™
I" And bv tw ? ?,''V V" PrC " fS n,° f t,me> m T ]y ' ab0Ut ' he end ° f King 7 ° tn ' S Reign ' the J«^««»« o>" the King', Court came to be ™,-
;•',/?,„.,// ► v k 1 * 9° mmon P,eas were ,efcrvcd to a Court then newly erefted ; which Court was called the Bank, becaufe it was fixed at

Kit" V C ',, as'iheV , ' C MXmS "™<}° f,t 3 " d not » Mow the King's Court. The Bank was, probably, et uV in a id of th
hfcjlmX; H '°"»e,ly were. It has been, indeed, for fome time pad a receded Opinion, that the four fuperior Courts holden a. this Day

u, b 1- „„r Antiquity. This may ferve to filence needlefs D fputes concerning the Pre-eminence of one or other of the King*

1 e tbe V -Zn cV:i 7" T h : he : M '' en ' ReCOrds ' F ° r the Name 0r St ^' e ° f the Bar - k > or W™" of *< B»nk, does not occur till W
C^,/ confeqoentl, the Bank or Common Bench was a Court different from the Cur.a Regn, and erefted at fome lubfequent time

Ai d is ti: Bank hath a
g/j erased to de

II alone


time ol the hilt Notice of it, dealt only or chiefly in common Pleas ; fo it falls ou', that the Curia
my '". dromon Pleas, about the fame time the Bank U fuppofed to be ercfted. Now this Divificn of the King's Court

>arter, no

holden in


doubt, was very cobquuvc. In th.s Article of the Magna Ciarta therefore, by Cur;an: noftram mi y be llD d-,ftcod t l e Kind's Court ^


The H I S 7 R T oj ENGLAND.

Vol. I.

difTaifina, de morte antecefioris, & de ultima pfefentatione
non capiantur nifi m fuis comitatibus, & hoc modo : nos,
vel fi extra regnum fuerimus, capitalis jufticiarius nofter,
mittemus duosjufticiarios per unumquemque comitatum,
ptr quatuor vices in anno : qui cum quatuor militibus cuju-
f! ; bet comitatus elects per comitatum, capiant in comitatu,
h in die & loco comitatus affifas predirStas.

XXIII. Et fi, in die comitatus, aflife predicate capi non
poflint, tot milites & libere tenentes remaneant de illis qui
interfuerint comitatui die illo, per quos poffint judicia futfi-
cienter fieri, fecundum quod negotium fuerit majus ve!

XXIV. Liber homo non amercietur pro parvo delicto,
nifi fecundum modum delicli ; & pro magno delicto amer-
cietur, fecundum magnitudinem delicti : falvo contene-
mento fuo ; & mercator eodem modo falva mercandifa

XXV. Et villanus eodem modo amercietur falvo wain-
nagio fuo, fi inciderint in mifericordiam noftram ; & nulla
dictarum mifericordiarum ponatur nifi per facramentum pro-
borum hominum de vilneto.

' upon the Writs of Novel Dijpifin, and of Mart d' An-

' cefter, and of Darreine Prefentment (l), fhall be taken

' but in their proper Counties and alter this manner : We,

' or ( if we are out of the Realm ) our Chief Justiciary,

' (hall fend two Judiciaries through every County four

' times a year ; who with the four Knights chofen out

' of every Shire, by the People, fhall hold the laid Affizes

' in the County, on the day, and at the Place, appoint-

' ed(z).

' XXIII. And if any Matters cannot be determined on
' the day appointed to hold the Affizes in each Count}',
' fo many of the Knights and Freeholders as have been at
' the Affizes aforefaid, fhall be appointed to decide them,
' as is neceffary, according as there is more or lefs Bufl-
' nefs {a).

' XXIV. A Free-Man fj) fhall not be amerced for a
' fmall p'ault, but according to the degree of the Fault ;
' and for a great Crime, in proporticn to the Heinoufnefs
' of it : Saving to him his Contenement (4), and after
' the fame manner a Merchant, laving to him his Mer-
' chandife.

' XXV. And a Villain (I) fhall be amerced after the
' fame manner, faving to him his Wainage (5), if he falls
' under our Mercy ; and none of the aforefaid Amercia-
' ments (6) fhall be afTerled but by the Oath of honeft Men
' of the neighbourhood (c).

XXVI. Comites & barones non amercientur, nifi per ' XXVI. Earls and Barons fhall not be amerced but
pares fuos, <k non nifi fecundum modum delicti. ' by their Peers (7), and according to the Quality of the

« Offence.

XXVII. Nullus clericus amercietur de laico tenemento ' XXVII. No Ecclefiaftical Perfon fhall be amerced
fuo, nifi fecundum modum aliorum predirStorum, & non ' for his Lay-Tenement, but according to the propor-
fecundum quantitatem beneficii fui ecclefiaftici. ' tion aforefaid, and not according to the value of his Ec-

' clefiaftical Benefice.

XXVIII. Nee villa, nee homo diftringatur facere pon- ' XXVIII. Neither a Town, nor any Perfon, fhall be
tes ad riparias, nifi qui ab antiquo & de jure facere de- ' difheined to make Bridges over Rivers, unlefs that an-
hent. ' ciently and of Right they are bound to do it (d).

XXIX. Nullus vicecomes, conftabularius, coronatores, ' XXIX. No Sheriff, Conftable (8), Coroners, or other
vel alii ballivi noftri teneant placita corone noftre. ' our Bailiffs, fhall hold Pleas of the Crown.

XXX. Omnes comitatus, hundredi, wapentakia, k
trethingi fint ad antiquas firmas, abfque ullo incremento,

Online LibraryM. (Paul) Rapin de ThoyrasThe history of England : written in French (Volume 1) → online text (page 121 of 360)