M. (Paul) Rapin de Thoyras.

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good Body of Troops, to bring to reafon fuch as forcibly
with-held divers Caftles and Lands from the former Own-
ers. Robert de Gaugy was the only one however that ftood
a Siege of eight days, in the Cattle of Nevaark (6), be-
longing to the Bifliop of Lincoln. But, at length, finding
there was no hopes of Affiftance, he furrendered the Ca-



wn, to the Pavilion of the Legate, where he and hi.



(1) The Chronicle of Mailrofs fays, that Prince Lewis walked barefoot and unglrt from his
Followers were abfolved.

(z) M. Paris fays, it was five thoufand Pounds, p. 29.9.

(ll Hugh, Biihop of Lined*, paid to the Pope's Ufe one thoufand Marts, and one hundred to the Legate, whofe Example being followed by manv of
the Bilhops, and other Religious Perfons, vatt Sums of Money were railed tor the Pope, who was always lure to gain, whoever loft. M. Peril
p. 299.

(4) This Year King Henry kept bis ChriJImafs at Northampton. M. Pans. p. 300.

(,-) The chief ot them were, William Earl of Albemarle, Faulk de Brent, Robert de Vitttpat, Briar, d, L'ljlr, Hugh de Baiiluel, Philip Marc V
de Gaugi, GfV. M. Paris, ibid. r

(6) Rapm by miflake fays, Nottingham.

(7) Thefe Letters or Orders are not to be found in our Hiftories, but remain upon Record in the Tower on the Claufe-Roll of this V,-ir **■*
Dr. Bradf s Appendix. N". 144. and TyrreWs Appendix. N°. S. "" ""

(8) The Ann. of Waverlcy fay, that the Wilcmen of England, or the Parliament, met at London after Miehaetmafs, and revived the Laws and Li-
berties of the Kingdom, according to King 'Johns Charter, p. 1S4.

(9) He had the Cuftody of the Caftles ol Carmarthen, and Cardigan, with the Lands and Appurteninces, delivered to him during the King's Mi-
nority, after wh ch he was to reltore them. Fymer's Foed. T. I. p. 225.

.„ ( '?,l J ho " Eh ' hc Kin B dom *" then rtdu « d t0 the '"? 11 de e. u : e of Poverty, yet he made a Ihift to carry off tweKv; thoufand Marks with him.
•r". Weft This Year in Aliy, Stephen Langt:n Anhbilh.p ot Canterbury, returned to England. Cbr. Mailros. p. 196.

(n) This Year alii, was held a Common Council, or Parliament, (though the eXaft time is not mentioned) wherein it was ordair.ed, that no L-tterj

Pucnts fhould be fcaled with the King's Great Seal, till he came to be ot full Age. Brady, p. r lS KlBg „ a . ^M, kept his Court at

Winetejter. m. Paris, p. 304.. •* j j > s

(i») He died about the middle of Mareh, and his Body was depofited, on the 16th of the fame Month, in the Church of the Kni«hts Temp'er.
( now the Temple Church, ) where his Effigy in a Coat of Mail is ftill to be feen in the middle of the Round. M. Paris, p. 304. M. Well, d 2-0 '

(13) Rapin by miftakc calls him William. See M. Pans. p. 309. J F ' 9 '

(14.) The Mieiary was as it were the King's Lieutenant Genera!. Kapig. See above p. i : S. Not. (6). This Year King Hen-y kert hi

Chnjlmajs at Marlforwgb* M. Pans, p. 309. J "



. Hubrrt de
irgh rj

mi -e JuJIi-

Ciary,



The



3 co



lie HISTORY



•/



li N G L A N D.



Vol. I.





( 220.


Henry it


cmvned d-




. Paris.


T.


W.kes.



The Coronation of the King had been performed at
Glocejler (i), in the pretence of fo few Lords, and with fo
little Solemnity, that it was thought proper to renew the
Ceremony with more Pomp, in the ufual place. Cardinal
Langten Archbifhop of Canterbury, who returned into
M. 'Wtta. £„^j, :i .,i a f ter the troubles were over, fet the Crown on
the King's head, having firft adminillred to him the cuf-
tomary Oath (:).

Immediately after his Coronation, Henry, attended by
the new Regent, made a Progrefs into feveral Coun-
ties (3). His defign was to make fome alteration with
regard to the Cuftodies of the Catties, eommitted by the
Father to fuch, as the new Recent thought he



broke, and the pi fent Miniftrc, to ke-.'p the Peace ■<#
the Kingdom, there were Perfons who made it their bu-
fmefs to difturb ir. 'liny laid hold of l;h opportunity^
which a quarrel between the Citizen" at I imdon t> niS
Wejlndnjler, fuinifhed them with. A great Wrettlrng
Match being made between the Londonen nd the Coim-
try-People (10), abundance of Wejimlnjlei Men came Xn>
the Place appointed ; and being defirous to difpute The
Priz.e, had the mortification to fee their Neighbours eaf»
the Honour of the Victory. This Honour, though in
it felf very final], raifed however the Jealoufv of 't>hc
Il'ejlminjler Men , who were expofed to the infultrng
R.uleries of the Conquerors. The -Steward of the A'b-



•!«ii.



Albemarle
refills the
King.
M- Paris.



Km? his tattler to luch, as

12:1. could not confide in. He met with no oppofition but bot of Wejlminjier, prepofteroufly imagining, his matter's

Ihe Earlc/f rom //- 'j/[j am Earl of Albemar le, Governor of Rockingham and his own Honour were concerned in the cafe, under •-

Caftle, who, fetting up for a petty Sovereign, or rather took to revenge his Fellow-Citizens, and caufe them >t«

a Tyrant, took little or no notice of the orders fent be even with their Neighbours. To that end, he appoirft-

from Court. The Garrifon made a fhew of defending ed another Match ( 1 1 } at Wejtminjler, to which the Citi-

themfelves, but when they faw the whole Country in zens of London flocked in great numbeis. But as they

arms to affile the King, and free themfelves from this went without arms, they were rudely attacked by the

oppreffion , they did not flay to be compelled to furrender, Wejiminfter Men, who wounded feveral, and put the reft

but chofe rather to procure fome little advantages by a to flight. This Treachery caufed a terrible commotion in

Capitulation. London. The Mob being got together, relolved to be-re-

This year, the new Building of the Abbey-Church of venged for this outrage ; the Authority of the Mayor (iz)



M. Paris.

M. Welt



'4) was begun, the King himfelf laying the



Wejiminjier

fir ft Stone.
The Earl of William [ de Fori, ] Earl of Albemarle, was very un-
eafy at the lofs of his Cattle, of which he thought
himfelf unjuftly deprived. In revenge of this pretended
Injury, he fortified himfelf in his Cattle of Bibam (5),
by means of which he held the whole Country round
in Subjection. He even compelled Merchants and
Tradefmen to takes PalTes of him, for leave to go through



Albemarle
rebels.
IS. Paris.
W. Cnven
M. Wert.



not being able to curb them. A Citizen of Ltndon, one .-—
Conflantine, an Incendiary, who had been a zealous ttick- crnibntmr
ler for the French, during the Troubles, -heading the P' rs «p - si»
Rabble, did all he could to inflame their rac;e. He re- L >'™ : "-'^
preiented to them, it was in vain to expect Jultice
from Magistrates, regardiefs of the Honour ot the City 4
and therefore thev ought, without delay, to make their
Enemies know, the Citizens of London were not to be at-
tacked with Impunity. His Speech meeting with ap-



the Neighbourhood, without which they were in danger plaufe, he cried with a loud Voice, Monjoye St. Dennis,
of being rifled. The complaints of thefe oppreffions the Watch-word of the French ; and marching towards
being laid before the Parliament, then ahembled at Wejl- JVejlminJler at the head of the Mob, caufed the Steward's
minjler, he was fummoned to appear (6) and anfwer tor Houfe to be pulled down to the ground, after which he
himfelf (7). He pretended to obey, and accordingly fet returned in Triumph to London. The Tumult being ap- Kubirr w»
out, with defign, as was thought, to repair to London, peafed, Hubert, Chief Judiciary, came to the Tewer, /[w£g!
Mean time, he took the road to Northamptonshire, and and commanded feveral of the Citizens to appear before
by furprize feized the Cattle of Fotheringay, where he placed him. Conjlantine was there among the rett, and main-
a ftrong Garrifon, and then returned to Bibam. Upon tained to the Jufticiary's Face, that the Citizens of Lort-
this news, the Parliament refolved, that an Army fhould don bad done nothing punijhable by the Law, and wen re-
he immediately raifed, to lay Siege to Bibam, and the folvcd to Jland by ubat they had done. Hubert feeing this
Earl punifhed for his Infelence according to the utmoft Inference, difniiffed all the reft, and detaining Conjlsn-
ri^our of the Law. When Earl IFilliam found, the tine, ordered him to be hanged next Morning {1 3), tho'
King's Army was on the march, he retired into the he offered a thoufand Marks (14) for his Life. The Jut-
North, leaving in his Cattle a Governor who -furrendered ticiary's Severity did fiot flop here. A few days after, he and pxmfa
lie it par- not till after a long refiftance. It was believed, the Rebel caufed to be feized in their Houfes the chief Rioters, fome^'
would be purfued, or at leaft compelled to quit tire King- of whom had their Hands, and others their Nofes and
dom : but he found means to make his peace by the Me- Ears cut off, and then were fent back thus maimed into
diation of the Archbifhop of York (8). That Prelate re- the City. After this he turned out all the Magiltrates of
prefenting in his behalf, that it was but juft to balance this London, and obliged thirty of the moft confiderable Citi-
offence with the great Services he had done the late King, zens to be Pledges for the good Behaviour of the City,
the Regent was prevailed with by that Confideration. A to which the Communities agreed by a Charter, fealed






M> Paris.



fatal Precedent, which afterwards encouraged other Ba-
rons to commit the fame Fault without dread of Punifh-
ment .'

The Court had made a Progrefs laft year to York,



with their common Seal (15). This rigour might have
been juftifiable, if Hubert had not a£ted in an arbitrary-
manner, and dire£tly contrary to the Tenor of the Great
Charter, which ordered, purfuant to the antient Cuftam



" t ?ft" d ,f Scotland, and the Princefs Joanna, Sitter of the King, his Peers (1 6). Hence he became odious to the Nation,
Scotland. But as fhe was in the hands of the Earl of Match, to and efpecially to the Londoners, who did not fail to make



Joanna the

King's Sifter w here a Marriage was agreed upon between the King of of the Kingdom, that every Man fhould be tried ;by

it married to -
the

s

Ati. Pub. w hofe eldeft Son fhe was contracted, it was no eafy matter him feel the effects of their hatred, when it was in their

i' 'o ' 93 ' to get her thence. However, after fome Negotiations, fhe

M. Paris, was at length fent back to the King her Brother ; and

her Nuptials with the King of Scotland were folemnized

this year. Shortly after, Hubert de Burgh, Chief Jufti-



Power.

Thefe arbitrary Proceedings of the chief Jufticiary, ob- I22 ,
liged the Parliament, which met fome time after at Lon- The Varim-
don (17), to requeft the King, that he would be pleafed to~™""j < " rc: '* m
ciary, efpoufed the eldeft Siller of that Prince : An Ho- caufe the Charter of Liberties, which he had fworn to lbn J^f
nour, which by procuring him the Alliance of two Mo- confirm, to be obferved throughout the Kingdom. This Charter mm
narclis, might one day raife fome one of bis Pofterity to requeft was not at all relifhed bv thofe who were then *'«**"»>*.
the Throne of Scotland. at the Helm. Since the death of the Earl of P-embrekc, f ', , ^ rK "

The Term of Pandulph's Legatefhip being expired, the Court, with the new Miniftry, had taken up new U. w«A



Pirxiu'fh

maje Bijbep he laid down his Office, and rehded at his See of Aar-
of Norwich. W ; C ] J tg\ procured him by the Pope in reward of his Ser-

An. Waverl.

vices.



yi Qu-trrtl

between the
Londoners
and Men of
W-.-rtminltcr
M. Puis.
M. Weft.



Maxims, infomuch that what appeared to the former Re-
gent to be highly juft, feemed the reverfe to the prefent
Minifters. When the Parliament prefented their Peti-
tion to the King, -one of his Counsellors ( 1 §) replied, jt



What care foever was taken by the late Earl of Pern

(1) Uapm by milrafce fays, at IVinehejier. See above p. 296. M. Parit, p. 2So»

(2) Walter of Cvoentry fays, the King was crowned wiih St. Edward's Crown on the 7*ri nf May. See M. Paris, p. ^c^.

(3I K ; ng Hrtfy took a Tallage this Ycjt, of two Shillings upon every Carocare. An. Wat-eil. p. 1 85. Moreover he kept his Curt at Ox .'
Cbriftmaft, where he was attended by the Earls and Baions ot the Kingdom. M. Paris, p. 310.

(4) Then called St. Mary't Chafe/. See atove, p. 196. (5) In Linealnfcr.

(6) He was rather f.mmon>d to a Parliament, which met ah' ut this tirpe at ll'ejlmirjltr, but did not come. M. Paris, p. 310.

(7) He was joined ky F.iu'k dt Brent, Philip Marc, Peter de Mauiton, Engelard de Atbie, etc. M. Pans, p. 310.

(8) M. Pans lays, it was by the Mediation of Panduifrh. p. 310.

l M. Pans fays, he returned to Rome, p. 313. M. IVcji. p. 280.
- 1 On the full of May. Id. p. 315.
(II) Aiguft I. Id- (12) Serlo. Id.

v i-i) Wi;h his Nephew, and another Ir.cendi.ny. M. Paris, p. 315.
(t4j M. Pans lays fifteen .houland, for it leems he was veiy rich. p. %\\.

They bcui 1 h-mfelves to deliver up the Sureric^ to trie King ot Jult ciary, whenever they were called for ; and if anv of them lird, to a-i.i mfteia
in ilKir Stead. 1 Irs is mentioned by no Hiftorian, but the Recognizance Is found upon Record in llie Tower. See Dr. Brady's Appendix* \'o. J4-.
;ifi) See Chap. XI.VI. of the Great Chartwr.

Hapin by miltake fays at Oxford; King Henry kept his Cour' indeed at Chnjlmafs at Oxfird. But lh> rarli.Mneit was h- a ati e,f;», or fKA-
'-■: Sie M. Paris, p. 3161 M, fVcjim. p. zSl,""

18 William li .-1 . 1/. Pa is.

tlMi



\.



Book VIII.



8. HENRY III



Vf. Oivcn.



The Km* of
Frame dies,
and it [uc~
cmtxt h

Lewis his

Sort, itiho
nelufei to
prrform bis
Oath.
M Paris.
p. 3.7.
M. Well.



M laiis-



Great credit
af the Juf-
ticiary.
Id. p- 318.



J/, gets the
Pupe to dc-
tlxre the
Kin; of
Age.

ibid.



*The Barons
agree not to
U.



Hubert's
Afrttfice to
get the
Cafiks from
the Barons.
Rad. de
Cogs-



W. Paris.



was reafnable to deftre the execution of a Charier ex-
tprted by violence. This imprudent anfwcr gave great
Offence to the Archbi/hop of Canterbury, who fharply
reproved the Counfellor, telling him, if be really loved the
King, whofe Iniei ejt he feented to have fo much at heart,
he would not feck to involve the Kingdom again in Troubles,
from which it was happily freed. Henry, who was then
hut fixteen years of Age, approved of what the Archbi-
ihop faid, and declared, it was his Intention to caufe the
Charters of the Ki::g his Father to he ftridtly obl'erved.
Accordingly, fome days after, he fent his orders to all
the Sheriffs to fee them put in execution (1). If he had
always continued in thefe Difpofitions, it would have faved
hiin a world of Vexations and Misfortunes, to which he
was afterwards expofed. Mean time the Parliament, fatis-
fied with what the King had done, granted an Aid of three
Marks for every Earl, one Mark for every Baron, a Shil-
ling for every Knight, and for every Houfe in the King-
dom one Penny (2).

Philip Augujlus King of France dying about this time ( ^ ),
and Lewis VIII, his Son fucceeding him, Henry's Council
thought proper to fend Ambaffadors to the new King, to
challenge the performance of his promife with regard to
the Territories taken by Philip from King 'John. Lewis
anfwered, lie did nut think himfelf obliged to the perfor-
mance of a Treaty which the King of England had firft
vio'ated, in exacting large Ranfoms of the l J rifoners, and
neglecting to reftore the ancient Laws, as was agreed :
That for his part, he held Normandy and the other Pro-
vinces taken from the Englijh by right of Conqueft, and
as their Sovereign Lord ; and in cafe his Right was difputed,
he was willing to fubrnit to the Judgment of his Peers.
Some fay, he alledged alfo the death of Conflantine, in
revenge, as he pretended, for his affection to Fiance, as a
reafon why he thought himfelf free from all his Engage-
ments j after which, he difmiffed the Ambaffadors without
farther reply.

Whilit thefe things were tranfacting, the favour and
credit of the chief Judiciary were increafed to fuch a de-
gree, that he openly affirmed a Power, to which none in
his Poft had ever pretended. He was not however cm-
tent, as long as there was one above him, from whom he
was obliged to receive Orders. This was the Bilhop o-
Winchefler, who being appointed Regent by Authority of
Parliament, could not eafily be removed. As the Re.encv
was ft ill to laft fome years, Hubert thought Ik- had ound
out an infallible way to fhorten it, by obtaining from the
Pope a Bull, declaring the King of full Age. This fame
Bull authorized Henry to take the Reins of the Govern-
ment into his own hands, without being obliged anv lon-
ger to make ufe of a Regent. The Bull likewife e. joined
all that had the Cuftody of the King's Cafties, forthwith
to furrender them to the King, to be difpofed ol according
to his pleafure. But how exprefs foever t his Order might
be, the Barons refufed to comply (4), becaufe it was di-
rectly contrary to the Laws of the Realm, by which the
King was not to be of Age till one and twenty.

This artifice not having the Succels Hubert expected,
he invented another to compafs his Ends. As the Pope's
declaring the King of full Age was to no pjrpofe, hnce
the Barons would not agree to it, and it was impoilible to
extort their con fent as long as they were mafteis of the
Catties, he devifel this Stratagem to wreft them out of
their hands. He caufed the King to demand of him the
Caftles of which he had the Cuftody, to which he fub-
mitted, on condition the reft of the Baron? ihould do the
fame. Accordingly he furrendered to the King the Tower
of London, and the Caftle of Dover, the two moft impor-
tant Places in the Kingdom. Some of the Barons follow-
ed his Example, not imagining there was any Fraud in
this Proceeding. But when once the King was in pollef-
fton of their Caftles, he reftored to Hubert al! thole he
had voluntarily refigned, thus openly deriding their Credu-



lity. A proceeding fo unworthy of a Prince, began from
thenceforward to breed in the Barons an ill opinion of the

" >g



30 J



King. They .were chiefly mccnlcd againft the Fa vuu-j
rite, whom they looked upon as the principal contriver
Of the Cheat. - Moft of thole that iiad Places at Court,
not being able to bear the Pride and Haughtincfs of this
Miniiter, refigned them, and retired into the Country,
with a Refoliition to embrace the firft opportunity to be
revenged. Meantime, all the Lords not railing into the
Snare, Hubert tried to bring them to obedience, bv c ru-
ling them to be threatned with Excommunication. Some
were Inghtned into a Compliance ; but other, reibf-ed to
ftand their ground, in fpnc of the King and iiis Juili-
ciary (5).

Thefe domed ick Broils were fomewhat interrupted by 1224-
foreign Wars. Lewis VIII, King of France, not content n ' K, "f. 'f
with redding to perform what iie had promifed with an f,*^"^".
Oath, confifcated all the Territories held by the Englijh in tonp, and
France, and marched directly into Saintor.gc, where he be- " ka *""
came matter of feveral Places ; after which he laid Siege Aa R,b.
to Rochelle, where Savory de Mallion was Governor. IrT. I.p.»6».
is^ faid, this Lord, who had received Intelligence of the M
King of France's defigns, demanding a Suj pi) Ol Money p.^EmjliM.
of the Court of England, there was fent rum ir.ftcad of the
Money, a Coffer full of old Iron. So fhame ul a neglect
for the prefervation of a Place, which deferved the whole
care of the Miniftry. (b provoked the Governor, that he
furrendercd the City in a few days, and turned to the
French (6). Lev/it's pretence for breaking 'he Peace, was,
that Henry, as Duke of Guienne, did not - iiift at his Co-
ronation. But the true reafon was, that he was willing
to t.,ke advantage of that Prince's Minority, to expel the
Englijh entirely out of his Kingdom. This War, begun
upon fo flight an occafion, of which Lewis had not fo
inucu as made any Complaint, convinced the Court of
En-land, that it was ihdifpenfably neceffirry to fend an
Army into France. Accordingly a Parliament was called
to conlider of Ways and Means.

Wi.ilft the ising and Parliament were employed in this P4,ii:» «/
affair, the outrages committed by Faulk de Brent inter- F "' k dc
rupted their Debates. Faulk, encouraged by fViltiam of^',.' rh _
Albemarle's Impunity, tyrannized over his Vall'dls and - .: v.'rft.
Neighbours, and com mi 'ted fuch Violences, that he was T- wiltc «'
condemned in a Fine of a hundred Pounds Sterling, by An ' W * vtt *
tnree Judees fent down on purpofe (7). H.s fierce and
haughty Temper caufing him to coni.der this Sentence as
a g:eat Injury, he refolved to be revenged. To that end,
he fent IViiliam Ms Brother to Duijlable, where the
Judges were holding the Aflizes, with orders to feize them
by force, and bring them to him. Two of them (8)
efcape'i, but the third, Henry de Braibrock, was taken and
carried It} Bedford CaftJf, where he fuffered a th ufand
Indignities. News thereof being brought to the Parlia-
ment (y), it was unanimo ifly refolved, that this difturber
of the Peace Ihould be exem,darilv punifhed ; and all other
Bulinefa laid afide till that affair was ended. Purfuai t to
this refolve, Faulk's Brother who commanded in Bedford,
being fummoned to furrender the Town to the Kine, and
reiufing to obey, was attacked fo vigoroufly, that he was
at length forced to furrender (10) at difcretion. What en-
deavours foever his Friends might ufe to appeafe the King,
they could not prevent his being hanged, with four and
twenty Knights found in the Garrifon ; after which, the
Caftle was ordered to be raz'd to the ground (11). Mean Aft. Pub.
time, Faulk, who was retired into JVales, upon AiTurances T _' P- 26l »
given him by feveral Lords to fupport him, finding they 29s!
were not as good as their word, implored the King's
Meicy by the Mediation of the Bifhop of Coventry. This
Prelate ufing the fame Arguments that were alledged by
the Archbifhop of York in behalf of William ot jfliemarU.
obtained the Rebel's Pardon as to Life and Limbs. But he
could not hinder his being delivered to the Cullody of the
Bifhop of London, till the next year, when the Parliament



(I) Accordrn^ to M. Paris, he Teat his Letters to all the Sheriffs to make inquiry by the Oath of twelve Knirhts or legal Men in every Count. ,
what were the Liberties of En-land in .he erne of King Henry his Grandfather, ana to lend a return thereof to Lond-n fifteen days after Eajler l.ut ncj •
ther is this account exactly true, for it appears, by (he Writ irelf, tlill extant, tint the inquiry was to be, what Cuftoma ann Liberies were granted of
King John, which lbews of what ufe the Records are, to rectify the noiftakea of the Hiftjrians. The Writ was at. fallows : " R-x Victnmiti Si./x.
" Saiutem. Pr<ecipimus tibi qu d diligenter inquiri facias in plena comttatu tuo per Saoamentum duodecim de legalioribus & di cretioribas Militiau cotni-
*' tatus tui per qups rei Veritas melius fciri poteiit cjuas cinjuetsiaines & qu.is Ubtrtattl Dominus Johannes Rex Pater nofter habuic in bajliva tu» d:e qua
*' guerca incepit inter ipfttm & Earones luos Anglic ere terns & fortjhs Se aliis infra BstrrOi &c exti.t, & quas tsnfuetudines & liberlates ip ijm Regcrn P*trcos.
*< notlrum tunc habuilfe didiceris per inquilitujuem piaea dtam, ctamari St firmiter nobis r rij:ri>ari facias in cumitatu tuo, & in^uijitunen: i'lam e'e ■:-.-; n -
*< quilitorum nobis (cire facias apud W<jt>r.onjflerium in cralt.no Claud Pal'cha? diltincte & rperte fub Srgtllo tuo S: Mgillis torunt per quos fypiifiw Ula .i£'a,
« fuerit, & habeas ibi hoc breve. Tcjle H. &c. apud H'eft- tr cefimo die Januarii. " Clauf. 7 Hen. ill. M . 14. Dorfo.

(z) Walter of Coventry, and the Annals ot Waverley fay, it was a l-oll Tax for the Succours of the fmy L.:rJ. And, befiaes the Sutis nrntirned fry
Mr. Rapin, the hit inform us, that every Freeholder paid -lie. Penny, and whoever had Chattels to the value of half a Mark, paid Jikcw..e a Peaoy j
but this Tax was foon after abolilhed. An. Waved, p. 187. (3) Ju'y 2. Id. p. iSii

(4.) The chief cf thrm were the E?ils of Cbefter and A.'iem.irle, John Conftable of Cheler, lauli de Brent, Robert de Vteupont, Brian lie .-'/,":,
Peter de Maulton, Philip Metre, In elard de Atbie. IViiliam de Cantello, and his Son, C - Af. Paris, p. 320.

(e) This Year King Henry kept his Court at Northampton, at Cbrijlmafi. Id. p. 319.



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