M. (Paul) Rapin de Thoyras.

The history of England : written in French (Volume 1) online

. (page 134 of 360)
Online LibraryM. (Paul) Rapin de ThoyrasThe history of England : written in French (Volume 1) → online text (page 134 of 360)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook

v°Z-, cafion to expend what had been exacted from the obliged the Nuntio St length to delift. But he ftill con-

Jews. The arrival of the Countefs of Provence his Mo- tinued by virtue of the Power received from the Pope,

Act. Pub.
I. p. 4*1.
M- Paris.
p. 606.
M. Weft.

(1) William de Ros a Nobleman, not being able to afford to ftay any longer with King Henry, came over into England; for which Wr.'y ordered him to
be difle zed or his Lands, without the judgment of his Peers j but he was fevcrely reproved 1'or it by his Brother Richard' At. Parts, p. 595.

(2) Chiefly of the Citizens of London. M. Parti, p. 6oo.

(3) It was but five thoufand pounds in all, namely, one thoufand pounds a Year. Sec At. Paris, p. 600.

(4) Whilft the King was engaged in this War, the Queen hi- Wife lay-in at Bourdeaux June 25. 1242. of a Daughter called Beatrix. Moll of the

Nobility left the King' at Bourdeaux; for which he ordered their Eftates to be confifcated as above. At. Paris. King Henry landed at Pertfrr.oufb,

Septcvd'tr 2c. /</. p. 004. 7. Wtkes.

(5) He oidered alio, that every City or Town he came through, four of the chief inhabitant ftiould come out to meet him on HYrfc-back, and richly
drelled. Al. Paris, p. 604.

(6) It appears by the Memor. 28 Hen. III. that at this time there was a Tallage of fixty thoufand Marks impo'ed on the Jetcs. For it is there faid :
" Barombus pro Samuele fiho Le-ms 'Judcede Ebciaco Rex cildem ; Sciatis quod Samuel filius Leonis "Judeei Ebonci fi-em trcit nobilcum per feptem
U millia marcarum, pro relcn-io catallorum dtcTti Leoms patris fui, & pro catallis praefati pitris fui Sc fuis inventisextra arcbam Sc ut quietus lit de taliag:o
'« fcxaginta mtllia mareartim quod fuper Judtfos noftros Anglta affideii taciemus ! Et mandatum eft Jufticaiiis JuJceorum. See the following Coin-Note.

(7) Ab uno Judao, njtx. Aaron Eboracenfi quatuor marcas auri & quatuor millia argenti cmunxtt, fays, Al. Paris, p. 53;. Rap:n by miftakc lays, lour
thouland Marks of Gold, and forty thoufand of Silver, applying here what Al. Pans lays on another occalVn ; namely, this Jew bu\ g fin'd for fnlllfving
a Charter) fourteen thoufand Marks of Silver to the Kiog, ajd to ty Muk< ot Gold to the Queen, told M. Paris, in 1250, that fmce the Kinp s r^-urn
from beyond Sea, he had paid him at feveral Times thirty thoufand Ma.ks of Silver, and two hundred M rks of Gold to the Queen. Id. p. 785. The Rea-
fon of paying thefe Marks of C-old to the Queen, will ht ihowo In the Coin Note at the end of this Re.gn. This lame Aaron the Jew, fined with tirt
rving in one hundred Marks a Year to be quit, dur.ng Lite of tallage. Ex. Orig. 20 Hen. III. M. 4.

(S) They were married at Weftminflcr Ntvtmber 23. . Paris p. 606.

(9) This V/car, May 7. died, riugh de Albmy, Earl of Arundel ; and the I2th o' the fame Month died alfo the f.mous Hubert de Burgb, at Barfude,
and was buried at London, in the Monaftery of the Friers Preachers M. Paris, p. 600.

(ro) The Parliament chofc a Committee, to examine tne King's Propofa', conlifting of the Archbiftip of Canterbury, the Bimops of Wmcbefler, Lordon,
aid rVcrcefter t Richard the King's brother, Simon de Mor.tfort Eirl of Ltcefter, Rtger Bigot E.11I of Norfolk, Walter Eail M.rlhil. Of the Baron?,
Richard de MunfchcT, and 'John de Baill.it; and the Abb 't* ol M Edmun.lsbury, jnd Ramfay. At Parii. p. 639.

{11) Msttbnv Paris lays, this grea Council or P rliamer.t had contrived a new meth, d of Government, and intended that four of 'he moft potent and
difcreet Men of the Kingdom ftiou'd be chr.fen by comm n Content, who were to traniaCc all Affairs relating to the Kipg ai d Kii gdom, an! o do Juftice to all
without refpeCt of Perf ns. They weie to tollow the King, and two of them at leaft were to be always prefent wirh him. that ihey mirht hear and re-
lieve the Complaints ot Perfons oppr lTd. The King's Treafury was to be man-gtd by them, and all Aids were to be expenucd as they th u^ht m.ft f r the
Benefit of the Nation. In a woid, th' y were to be the Confervators ot the Publick Liberties, and as chofen by c^inm n Oonfenc, they wre aot to be
removed but by the fame Authority ; when one d'ed, another was to be chofen by the three Survivors. And wiih ut the C n ent of the e f -ur the great
Council was not to meet. They were lUcew.le to appoint the Jufiiciary, and Chancellor ; and the Julticei of the King's Bench an-j Exchtjutr Waich Were then
two in each ol thofe Courts. M. Parn. p. 640, 641.

(tl) Three Weeks after the Pi rogation. M Paris, p. 643.

(13) To be paid, half at Eafirr, and halt at Aiicbaelmafs. ibid.

No. 16. Vol. I, till t 3


Vol. I.

i i +4.

Affairs of


M. Paris.

p. 617.

n. King of


refufes to do
Himage to
H nry,
•who p*e
pares for

Id. p. 638.
A&. lub.
T-i. p. 415.

M. Taris.
p. 6+3.
M. Weft.







. Pub.







. &c.



The Prince
of Wales
offers to be-
come Vaffal
to the Pope.
M. Paris.
p. 6+7.
M. Weft.
T. Wikes.

M. Paris,
p. 624. t&c,
Id. p. 631.

The War
•zvitb Wales
rejoined up'


A&- Pub.
T.l. p.430,
«V. 433-

to fill the vacant Benefices, which he difpofed of in a
fcandalous manner ( 1 ).

Whilft thefe things palled, an Accident happened,
which broke the ftrift Union, between the King and the
Prince of Wales ever fince their Agreement. Griffin,
who was confined in the Tower of London, endeavouring
to efcape out of the Prifon-window, fell into the Ditch
nnd broke his Neck. Whilft he was alive, his Brother
David never dared to difpleafe the King, \ for fear he
fhould fupport him in his Pretentions. But when Griffin
was dead, he made an Irruption into the Borders of Eng-
land, under colour of being revenged for certain Breaches
of the late Treaty. The Borderers upon Wales feeing
the King took no care to repel this infult, armed them-
fclves in defence of their Country ; but as they were too
weak, and ill-cnndufted, were continually defeated (2).

At the fame time, Alexander II, King of Scotland,
having lately married a French Lady (3), fent Henry
word, he intended to do him Homage no longer for
the Lands held of the Crown of England. How little
inclined foever Henry was for War, he could not help,
on this occafion, exerting himfelf, fo greatly were the
Englijl) incenfed at this Bravado. He (ummoned there-
fore all the Vaifals of the Crown to meet him at New-
cajile, the Rendezvous (4) of the Army defigned againft
Scotland (5). When Alexander 'refolved to refufe the Ho-
mage due to Henry, he did not expeft it would have
involved him in a War {(•>). Perfwaded as he was of
the Weaknefs and Irrefolution of the Prince he had to
deal with, he hoped the difference would be decided as
formerly, by a Negotiation which might turn to his Ad-
vantage. But when he faw the Englijh Army ready to
enter his Territories, he became more fubmiflive, and fent
Ambalfadors to NeweaJiU to fue for Peace. Henry re-
ceived the Propofal with Joy. Notwithftanding his
feeming refolution to pufh the War with rigour,
lie readily confented to a Treaty, which afforded him an
excufe to lay down his Arms. Alexander fubmitted to
the fame Homage paid by himfelf and Anceftors, and a
good Undfirftanding between the two Kings was perfectly
reftored (7). Before they parted, a Marriage was agreed
upon between Alexanders eldeft Son of the fame Name
with himfelf, and Atargaret, Henry's eldeft Daughter.

The Army railed for the War with Scotland not hav-
ing occafion to aft, the King was advifed to make ufe of
it to reduce the Prince of Wales to obedience. But in-
ftead of improving fo favorable a juncture, he difmiffed
the Troops (8), out of Impatience to call a Parliament,
and demand an aid of Money, which however he could
not obtain (9). The Prince of Wales fo little queftioned
Henry \ uiing the means he had in his powsr to chaftife
him, that, to free himfelf from the imagined danger, he
applied to the Pope, intimating that he was compelled to
declare himfelf Valfal, and Tributary to the King of Eng-
land. For which reafon, he befought the Pope to annul
the Treaty, offering to become Valfal to the Holy See,
and to pay him the yearly Tribute of five hundred
Marks (10). Innocent IV being no Iefs greedy of money
than his Predeceffors, was pleafed with this Propofal. How-
ever, to fhow he did not pretend to decide the matter
without a hearing of the Caufe, and upon the bare Sug-
geftion of a Petition, he empowered two Weljh Abbots to
take Informations concerning the pretended Conftraint al-
ledged by their Prince. At the fameftime he commiflion-
ed them to annul the Treaty, and abfolve the Prince of
Wales from his Oath, in cafe it appeared he had been
really compelled. It was eafy to forefee what Sentence
the Judges would pafs. The two Abbots, proud of their
Power, infolently fummoned the King of England to ap-
pear before them, as if he had been fome private Perfon
fubjeft to their Jurifdiftion. This Proceeding extremely
enraged the King and his Council, as well as the whole

Nation. Tbeh they were forry the Army was disbanded, 1244.
but as there was no remedy, it was refolved, another
fhould inftantly be raifed to chaftife the Prince of Wales
as foon as the Seafon would permit ; for it was then the
middle of Winter. At the fame time, the great Men con-
ferred together about means to flop the Attempts of the
Court of Rome.

Whilft thefe two Affairs Were in hand, the Court re- Lewis "/<*
ceived intelligence^ that the King of France had fent a- j f J/„/°'i*
way all the Englijh in his Dominions. Though the Truce Dominion,,
was far from being yet expired, Lewis thougnt fit to M. Paris,
take this Step, to prevent the King of England's Subjects p '
in France, from being too well inlornied ol the Arfaiis of
the Kingdom. To that end, he ailembled at Paris all
who had Eitates in France, and declaring to iliem, lie
thought it not polTible to lerve taithiully two Mafteis at
once, gave them tneir choice to prefer wnich they pleafed.
Thofe that declared for England, were ordered to depart
out of France within fuch a time, with allurance oi re-
taining their Lands. Henry did not act with the fame Henry raf-
Juftice. As foon as he was informed of Lewis's Proceed- //'""'"*'
ings, lie feized all the Lands held by the French in Eng- f ra , cn .
land, without any regard to the Remonftrances of tne
King ot Fiance. However, Lewis did not think tit tu
break the Truce for the fake of fome private Perfons (11).

Shortly after the Emperor Frederic fent Ambaliadors Tie Empr-
to Henry, complaining ot the frequent aids of money given '° r c ' rr " ,
the Pope. He ordered him to be told, for the future, he AihfLt
would treat all the Englijh that fhould (all into his hands >>-•' ?<•?'■
as Enemies, fince he could not deem them otherwiie. u ' p ' *"*'
His Complaints had no other effect, than that the Clergy
took occalion from thence to oppofe the Exactions ot tne
Court of Rome, whole continual pretence was the War
with the Emperor ( 1 2).

In the beginning of the year 1245 (13), the Queen was 1245.
delivered of another Son, chriftened Edmund. 1 ihall B '" h °f
have frequent occafion to fpeak of this Prince before the "*? Ei ~
end of this Reign, m. Paris.

The War with the Weljh, which was deferred till The War
the Spring, was accordingly begun at that time ( 1 4). But ™" ri ,t!
the Englijh proceeded with fo little vigour, that inltead iba
of attacking their Enemies, they were hardly able to de- M. Welt,
fend themfelves.

This was not fo much owing to their Weaknefs, as rigorous Re-
to their being employed in other Affairs, which to them fi'"' °" s "f
feemed of greater moment than the War with Wules. agehfitbt
They at length refolved to free themfelves irorn the t 1 x -
Tyranny of the Court of Rome. Martin the Nuntio M - Hlrls -
ufed his Authority with fo little difcretiou, that it was P-
not poffible to bear it any longer. The Barons who
faw with grief all the Money of the Kingdom remitted
to Rome, and were very fenfible, the Clergy always gave
way when the Pope came to be oppofed, were at ialt
determined to exert their utmoft to prevent fuch com-
mon Exaftions. After frequent Conferences, they re-
folved to aft by their own Authority. Accordingly, ACeurier
without waiting any longer for the King's Protection, / ri "'" Af
who appeared very backward to fecund them, they iliued u.p.ff**'. '
out orders to the Wardens of the Ports, to itop all Per-
fons that fhould bring any Bulls or Mandates fiom Jhe
Court of Rome. Purfuant to thefe Orders, which were
every where obeyed, without regarding whether they were
approved by the King, a Mellenger from Rome was feized
with ieveral Bulls about him, empowering the Nuntio
to exaft Money from the Clergy on divers pretences.
The Nuntio complained to the King, who commanded
every thing that was feized to be reltored to him. But
the Barons ftrongly remonftrated to him, how much he
wronged his Subjefts in perpetually countenancing the
Rapines of the Court of Rome. For his conviction, they
laid before him the true tvalue of the Income enjoyed by id. p. 65S.
the Italian Ecclefiaflicks in England, amounting to lixty M - Wtrt '

( 1 ) Among the reft he gave the Treafurer's place in the Cathedral of Saliibury to a little Boy, who was the Tope's Nephew, againft the Will of the Billion
and whole Chapter. M. Paris. 644.

(2) About this time the King took into his Council Pau.'in Piper a Knight, Steward of his Houfliold, and Jobn Manfel, Chancellor of St. Paul's in
Londcn ■ and appointed Laurence of St. Martin, Prefident ot his Council and Procurator in all EccleliaOical Affairs. At. Pans.

(3! Daughter to Engclrarr. de Curcy a po ent Nobleman of France, and mortal Enemy to Henry. ,u. Pans. p. 638. M. Weft.

(4) They came there in Augujl. ./. Paris, p. 645.

($) The pretence uled by King Henry for undertaking this Expeditirn. was, That Walter Cumin, and ether Sotcb Noblemen had fortified two Caitles in
Gtdway and Lothian, to the prejudice of the King ..f England, and contrary to Treaties. M. Parts, p. 645. And alio th.t Alexander had Dickered Gemgm
de Starts, and other Rebel;, ibid. ■" J

(6) Though he was tolerab y well provided, ha»ing one thoufind Harfe, and a hundred thoufand Foot. ibid.

(7) Chiefly through the means of Prince Richard, ai.d other Noblemen. M. Paris, ibid.

(3) Being contented with lending three hundred MeH to flop ihtir Incurfions, under the command of Hubu-t Fitz-Mattbrws. Id. p. 647.

(9) This Pailiament met Kevember 3. upon their jefufing the King Money, he exiorted fifteen hundred Marks from die CiJznsof L^nd.n undw cre-
ten<e that they had fhrltered one Walter Buckerel, that had been baniftied. Id. p. 651. '

(10) Rap,n lays by Biiftake, five thoufand Marks that he ufed to pay to England. M. Parls's words are,—- quod fe lu.imque terrain totam, contra regis
AnyJ:,um jus coWncndam, ccclefia: Rom.:na relignavit, ipli tanien David tenendam, fuifque Heiedibus, reddendo mae anmiatim juingentas ...areas, p. 7 S -

(' i) M. Paris lays, that die French King gave ihe Engh/h in his Dominions the liberty of relinquiU.ing either their Elta.es in France, or ttio'e in
£ r t ,iand. And that they were forced to do one or the other. But it does not appear, he gave any AlluiaKce 10 thole who quitted France, that they Ihould
retain their Lands The haidfliip on Henry's part, was. that he left the Ftencb in his Kingdom no choice, but cizcu ihcir Lands to kis own ul p 014.

(12) February 3. died Richard liflicp w Cbicbijter, the Chancellor. An. Waverl. p. 204 '

(13} January 16. M. Paris, p. 654.

r^, ( '* 4) /'c^U V>tar ,' n/ '" I^ • th ' te hundrcd of thc Wfi werc <lain b y ,hi: Englijh at Montgomery. Tut foon after Hubert, or Herbert, F.tn- Mil-he*
tnt cngup fjen;ral, was killed, and the Willi became Mailers of Hrluntbuut Cattle. jVi. Punt, p. 654. M. tl'.Jl. p. 319.


&ook VIII.



^. ...>. ^.^,.,. v , j. ,«»;, »™ »™i"».u tfuuun uicu or reugnea nn rreterment, an

a Calculation, could not help ffiouJdiiot immediately fucceed (7). He made 3 great fiou.-ilh

But as he durft not venture of on thefe two Bulls, as ii lie had granted fome very figna!

ievance, for fear of the Pope's Favours to England. But lie ftaid till the Ambaffadors

1245. thoufand Marks per Annum, a Sum exceeding at that in their Gift By the fecond it was granted, that when 12a;.
time the whole Revenue of the Crown ( 1 ). Henry, who a benefie'd Italian died or reiigncd hii Preferment, another
had never made fo exa£t a Calculation, could not help '
ihowing his Surprize. Bu
himfelf to redrefs this Grie

Refentment, he was contented with permitting the Ba- were departed, for fear they mould demonftratc how dif-

proportionable this flight Satisfaction was to their Grievances.
As to the Tribute, againft which the) proiefled, Innocent
never intended the Englijh Nation any Satisrafiion. On"'/""
the contrary, when the Council broke up, the Pope wrote r',"T,/''
uii. Kingdom, infertmg in their Letter, fent by Amballadors on thundering Letters to the Englijh Prelates, cxprefly enjoin cifritfj
aa. Hub. purpofc, all the Grievances complained of by the Englijh (2). ing them to confirm and fet their Seais'to the Charter of /'
■jr.. P 4a+ ' ^ ut as 'hey knew that on fuch occafions the Court of Rome Tribute granted by King John to the Holy Sec Thou"h '""" ;£'" '
M. Paris. neVer failed to make ufe of Delays and Kvafions, they re- the Bifhops had very ftrong reaforu to excufe then;
Wwii foft'ed totake a morefpeedy and effedual Courfe. For that from taking fuch a Step, they durft not however difobey
ptupofe they agreed to meet under pretence of a Tourna- for (ear of the threatned Excommunication. The King ap-
nt, in order to concert the neceffary meafures for execu- peared at firft difpleafed at the Pope's haughty Proc.tr
I their deflgn. The King dreading the confequences of and feemed willing to oppofe his Pretentions. Bu: lie I i

'lb, B,
jenj j Letts
tttii Gem-

rons to write to the General Council then aflembled at
Lyons, to let forth the intolerable Oppreffions which Eng
"' land fufTered from the Court of Rome. Accordingly the
Barons wrote to the Council in the Name of the whole


this Affembly, forbid them to be prelent to the Tourna-
ment ; but they did not think proper to obey. They met
therefore at the place appointed (>, ), and after (bme Con-
ference, lent to the Nuntio a Knight (4), who com-
manded him in their Name, forthwith to depart the
Kicigdoim. The Knight difcharged his Commiffion fome-
what roughly ; and upon the Nuntio's demanding, who
gane him his Authority ? he anfwered, The whole Na-

refumed his wonted Complaifance for whatever ifiucd from

the Court of Rome.

The War with Wales was the reafon this Affair lay ; Fjr „.„.

dormant (ome time. The King who had long fuHtitd the f&Weft.

Weljh to infeft his Borders with impunity, at laft headed lu '■ 68 -*

his Army, threatning utterly to deftroy their Country (a).

But this fudden Blaze was quickly extinguifhed. He was

no fooner entered Wales, but miffing the Enemy, who
tion ; and in cafe he Hayed three days in England, he were retired to their Mountains, lie grew weary of the
fhould infallibly be cut in pieces. Martin failed not to War, and after building the Caffle [of Ganoc] on an ad -
carry hi.'; Complaints to the King. But Henry telling vantagious Situation, returned to London. (9).

him, he was not able to protedt him (;), he demanded a Walter Earl of Pembroke dying this Year (10) without Bxthaim
Pals-port, and went away immediately, to the great Sa- Iffue Male, Anfeltn his Brother, then Dean of Salisbury, '■' '/" fj ,"
H.p.6So. tisfaftion of all the People. The Pope, who had never was his Heir, and fucceeded him in his Oftice of Earl-Mar- Z'tVlr't'b,
met with fuch a Check in England, was fo enraged, fhal. But he did not long enjoy it, being feized bv Death Barls-Mt,
that he Was heard to fay : / fee plainly I mujl make Peace a few Months after. Thus the noble Family of Pembroke^'"'
with the Emperor, that I may humble thefe petty Princes : and Striguil was extinct, whereof the five laft Earls, who jvi' Weft!

For the great Dragon .being once appeafed, I Jhall with more were Brothers, were inverted with the Dignity of Earl

eafe be able to crujh the (mailer Serpents.

Mean while the Engi'i/h Ambafladors being arrived at

Lyons, prefented their Letter to the Council, where the

Pope prefided in Perfon. '/'he Letter being publickly read,

Innocent was fo furprized, that he faid not a word in his

own Vindication. After the .Ambaffadors had waited fome

time, to fee if he had any thing to alledge againft the Con-
tents of the Letter, one of thtvn gave a particular Narra-
partkuUrty five of the Grievances of their .Nation. He dwelt chiefly
UtTriiuti, on two Articles, the firft related to the Tribute of the than all the former. The Clergy were fo aw'd by the '.Raman R T-

thoufand Marks, which King 'John promifed to pay every Pontiffs, that they durft not lfir towards freeing themfelves p- 6oq™
He maintained that King 'John

Ibey lay

epen the
of 'the Nu-

Id. p. 666.
M. Well.

Marfhal, Hereditary in their Family ( 1 1 ).

David Prince of Wales died in the beginning of the ,:

Year 1 246. As he had left no Children, the Lords of Dta?b\f
that Country chofe for his Succeffor Lewellyn his Nephew, B»v iP,ha
Son of the unfortunate Criffin, killed in endeavouring tu '/, v I,' ln '
efcape out of the Tower ol London.

The Quarrel with the Court of Rome was fomewhat F
fuppreffed, when the Pope renewed it, by an Impofition a-'L, tf
upon the Ecclefiafticks, greater and more infupportable "tCwtcf

end the
M. Paris.
f. 66S.

Year to the Holy See.

could not render his Kingdom Tributary, and his Engage-
ment being never confirmed by the Barons, was to be
deemed null and void. The other Article concerned the
Claufe of Non-objlante, inferted by the Pope in all his
Bulls, a Claufe entirely deftructive of the Rig hts of Bi-
fhops, Abbots, Monafteries, and Patrons of Benefices.
For inftance, when the Pope had a mind to difpofe of a
Benefice, he inferted this Claufe in his Bullj Non-objlante
(i. e.) notwithjlanding the Right of Patronage or other

p. 699-
from their Yoke. But it was othervvife with the Lav-Ba- *'• VVcfll
rons, who began to confult together and take meafcies to
oppofe thefe Oppreffions. In a Parliament allembled during
Lent (12), it was refolved that the Nation's Grievances
(hould be committed to writing, and Satisfaction demanded
of the Pope in a Letter (13), ligned by the King, Bifhops
and temporal Lords. The principal Grievances were
thefe :

I. That the Pope, not content with the annual Pay- ev., -..-,.

Privilege to the contrary (6). This was in effect 1 to annihi- ment of Peter-Pence, exacted from the Clergy great Con- >f ■•• iV«-

late all the Rights and Liberties of the Church of England, tributions, without the King's Confent, agamft the Cuf- '*"•

To thefe two Grievances, the Ambaffadors a.dded many toms, Liberties, and Rights of the Church and Realm of

more, concerning the perpetual Extortions or the Nuntio's England.

and Legates, and in general all the Oppreffions to which II. That the Patrons of Churches could not prefent fit

the Englijh Nation had long been expofed. Perfons to the vacant Livings, the Pope conferring them

In vain did the Ambaffadors expefl an Anfwer from the generally on Italians, who underftood not the Englijh Lan-

Council. The Pope continually hindered the Affair from guage, and carried out of the Kingdom the Money ariline

being confidered. At length, perceiving they were only from the Income of their Benefices.

amuled with continual Delays, they prefented to the Coun- III. That the Pope oppreffed the Churches by exadtinc

cil a Proteftation againft the Tribute granted by King Penfions from them.

John, and withdrew. During their ftay at Lyons, the IV. That when an Italian Ecclefiaftick died, his Bene-

Pope never made the leaft ftep to fatisfy them. But when fice was immediately bellowed on one of the fame Nation

they were gone, he endeavoured to caft a mift before the as if the Italians had a Right to pofiefs fuch a number of

Eyes of the Council, by making them believe he intended Benefices in the Kingdom. That whereas the Italians

Online LibraryM. (Paul) Rapin de ThoyrasThe history of England : written in French (Volume 1) → online text (page 134 of 360)