M. (Paul) Rapin de Thoyras.

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M. Weft.
T. \ .kes.



Wan.



Treaty of
Peace with

Wales.
M- Welt.
W. R.fll.



Aft- Pud. 1.
p. S40.



— S46.



Holy-Land.
W. Kilh.



and the Good of thf Church. The Tranquillity England 126?,
beaan to enjoy, caufed great Numbers to engage in this
Undertaking, efpecially when they faw Prince Edivard,
and Henry Son of the King of the Romans, receive the
Crofs at the hands of the Legate. The Earls of
Warwick and Pembroke, and above a hundred and twenty
Knights, followed the Example of thefe two Piinces,
befides an infinite Multitude of Perfons ot infeiior Quality.
The Legate having no further Bufinefs in England, re-
turned to Rome, and the King of the Romans took his
third Journey to Germany.

Whiilr the Croifes were preparing for their Voyage, the Stdluta of
King affembled a Parliament at Marlborough, where a Bo- Marll,a_

1=1 e, lough.

dy of Statutes were enacted, which make a coniiderable w. Rift.
Figure among the Laws of England (1 ij.

Before we proceed to the Events of the next Year, it Death of
will be neceffary to take notice of the Death of Pope Cle- M.'weft '
ment IV, which was followed by a Vacancy of three Battle of
Years. It was alfo this Year that the famous Battle near ^J ,a "°;
the Lake of Celano (i~), was fought between Charles "fw.Riih!
Anjou, the new King of Sicily, am; Conradin Son of the
Emperor Conrade. Young Conradin having the Mis-
fortune to be vanquifhed and taken Prifoncr, Charles
was fo cruel as to caufe his Head to be (truck off (13).

The Crufade was not only publilhed in England, but E Iward <w-
alfo in all the Chriftian States, and particularly in France J"""'
St. Lewis was to be Head ot it. The ill Succefs of his ,/_, e K,' n / r
Expedition into Egypt, not being able to cool this Mo- France to
narch's Zeal, he had never ceafed, fince his return, to™Holy-
think of means, how to carry War once more into the Aft. Pub.
Country of the Infidels. Piince Edwird's late taking 1 - p. 85S.
the Crofs, put Lewis in hopes of better fuccefs, if he X' ^7,"
could perfuade him to join with him. To that purpofe, t. Wikes.
he defired him to come to Paris, where he communica-
ted to him his Project. Edward w\(hed for nothing more,
than to join Forces with fo powerful a Prince, and to
command under him. But he intimated to him, that he L?w ' s ltnii
could not be ready foon enough, tor want of
for the Voyage. Lewis, glad to find there was no other
Objection, lent him thirty thoufand Marks ( 14), for which
Edward mortgaged to him the Revenues of Bourdcaux,
for feven Years. This Agreement being made, Edward Suhfdy
returned into England. The King his Father had nowS'"*"'' 1 '
affembled a Parliament, which granted him a twentieth T.'wjkes.
Part of the Moveables of the Kingdom, part whereof was
to be employed towards the Charges of the Prince's Ex-
pedition.

Before Edward was ready for his Departure, the King Second Mar-
of the Romans arrived (15) with a new Wife, he had r '''S"f'^'
married in Germany, not fo much for her Riches as her Romans.' '
Beauty (16). T. Wikes.

A little before the Departure of the Croifes, Henry 1260.
caufed the Relicks of Edward the Cotifeffor, for which he He Body of
had a particular Veneration, to be removed. This Ce- *• Edwara '
remony, to which all the confiderable Men of the King- the ma '
dom were invited, was performed with great Pomp, The Church.
Shrine of the Saint, adorned with precious Stones, was **' ^' ft '
carried on the Shoulders of the King himfelf, and his Bro- t. wikes.
ther the King of the Romans, with the Princes, and chief An. Waverl,
Lords, and placed in the new Church of Wejiminjier^ which
was juft finifhing, and rendered the moil itately Church
then in Europe (1 ~).

The Calm England enjoyed for fome time, was like to 1270.
be difturbed by the Sulpicions, the Earl of Gloeejler enter- !*Jf : "Z C S
tained of Prince Edivard. The Earl not believing the re ' „°^ ns
Prince was heartily reconciled to him, kept from Court, Edward w
and always found fome Excufe to be abfent from the 't? Ea ' 1 °f
Parliaments. This Behaviour made the King very un- t\ Wikes.
eafy, who was afraid the Earl had itill a defign to break p. So, 90,
the Peace. But the King of the Romans freed him from* *



Money ^^T



and brought ereat Store of Provifi- ns into the City; and the
and either kiiieii, or drowned in the Thames, all thole they



(1) Thev were called then, The Difmberited. ,,,,.„

,,, . alons with him thirty thoufand Men from Scotland, and the North of England. M. Weft. p. 399.

13' Tl, F..,: ■ I nd St Paul brought him two hundred Knights, with their Retinue; and an Army of Gafcom came up the River with feveral

I v.. wi 11 fitted and armed. Ibid
(4: lntl rr.ean ( ni the Earl'l Party in London went and plundered A'.;.-/ and Surrey,
d the King's Palace al Weftminfier, breaking the very Windows and Duois;
. h
,.,) \ndtl Lord Bafit'l. Ibid. W Rijh. p 1004.

■ 1. This Agreement was concluded June. 1 5. 1. Wikes, y.%1. _

1 t c menitnt Places with Hurdles and Boards. W. Rije. p. 1CC4.

.', Mjulyis. T.Wikcs. p. S3. _, . _ , , , ., ,. ,

o Tl Y. r, the !• .-,- granted King Henry the Tenth part of all the Revenues 01 the Clergj ,n £»W for three \ ears ; a great part of
...,!-. nttothe Pope, f ■ -the annual Tribute exacted from England by the Court ol R-rr.c. T. Wlkel, p. 84- I. was afurwa.ds continued one Year
I, g ,. Id. i

( 101 This P 1 ■■•'. held at Northampton in /Ipril. At.W~aiitrL p. 224. ' r-rv jlu

The SI Marlborough, were made Member ,8. A,. 52. 11. 3. .267. In <*e Preface they are fa,d to be made by the

! , d c Men , f L Reaim, as-v.dl of the Highe. of th. I wcr 1 ft. t- , « h» i- : ft Tyrrel tmderftands ot the Houfi

,- - ffes. Thefe Statutes chiefly aim at reforming the Abufes crept mdur.ngtne late Troubles, and are divvied into

Chapters, as the Read r may fee at large in our Law-Books, bee them in C'^'s 2d lnftitute, p. roi, t3c.

\l - \ LaCUS Fui :><ul. . . rr r »r j j _j l." llljj- l

bad efcaped in Difguife, but was betrayed to the Conqueror, who upon his g-^-g to the Holy-Land ordered him to be beheaded in the
11 ievem; d Pounds Tonmois. T. Wika,'?. 90.

(16) H«*Name was B-a'trfx, Daughter of TheMic <U Falhmrite, a German Nobleman of great Reputation. They were married June 16. T. Wikes,

,!-) The Shrine w« of Gold, and no doubt remained there till the 27th of Henry VIII, when all fuch Shrines and RcUks were removrf as fupei flitious.
This Tianflation was performed on the ijthof Oilsber, as marked in the Kalendar. •'■ H ties, f- 88.



Book VIII.



8. HENRY III.



345



1*70.

It. Lewis

lands in
A 1 1 I he
Jit.'e Tunis
T. W ikes.
Vjgi.icr.



his Fears, by procuring a perfecT: Reconciliation between
thefe two Enemies ( 1 ).

Whilft thefe things palled in England, the King of

France altered his Defign. Inftead of going diredtly to

the Holy-Land, according to his firli intention, he failed

to Africa, at the inftance of Charles King of Sicily, Ills

Brother, who was at variance with the King of Tunis.

He cxpcclcd the African Prince to pay him the fame

Tribute as his Predecellors paid to the Emperor, with all

the Arreais that were due. To fupport thefe Preten lions,

Lewis landed his Army in Africa, and was preparing to

befiege Tunis. But the Moorijli King chofe rather to pro-

mife to pay what was demanded, than hazard theLofs of

his Dominions.

Edward gon Lewis was failed for Africa, when Edivard departed

10 join the f rom p or tf m outb (2) to take up the Princefs his Spoufe at

France ami Bourdcaux, from whence they went together and em-

laya him barked at Aigues Mortcs, where their Fleet waited for

-.,, At. -.j. them. They joined the King of France before Tunis,

W. Ri/h." where he was Haying for the Performance of the Treaty

T. w.krs. made with the Moors. How urgent foever Edward was

!1, T. 1? witli this Monarch, toperfuade him to continue his Voyage

to Pale/line, he could not prevail with him to ftir before

he had received full Satisfaction from the King of Tunis.

Act. Pub. As Edward was not concerned in that Affair, he refolved

T 1. P . 867. t |- tne winter in Sicily, with defign to proceed for

jPeftllence , ' rT , T , . , , .•". r .1 r. • „ , ,



the

French.
Lewis dies
4 it.
W. Rifh.



Montforr.

W. Rfh.
T. Wikes.
Art. Pub.
I. p. 870.



W. Rifh.



the Holy-Land in the beginning of the Spring. He had
fcarce left the Coafts of Africa when the PelHlence broke
out in the Camp of the French, and raged in fuch a
manner, that it not only fwept away the private Soldiers,
but alfo the principal Officers. The King himfelf being
at lalt. feized with it, reiigned his breath (3) in the Arms
of his eldeit Son Philip, who thought of nothing but re-
turning to France (4).
Henry. Vm of Though by Lewis's Death, Edward loft all hopes of
the King 0] making any great Progrefs in Pale/line, he continued his
'murda-dhi ^'°y a o e ' ani ^ arrived there, according to his Vow (;).
Guide de Mean time, Philip's return to France giving him fome
caufe to fear for Guicnne, he refolved to fend thither his
Coulin Henry, Son of the King of the Romans, to watch
the Motions of the French. This young Prince, porting
to Bourdcaux, pafled through Viterbo, a City in the Pope's
Dominions, where he had a mind to make fome ftay,
which coft him his Life. Guido de Montfort, Son to the
An. Waver), Jate Earl of Leicejler, being then at that place, and fee-
Hemingr. j n g tne p r | nce g ; nto a Church, followed him, and mur-
dered him before the High-Altar, in revenge of his Fa-
ther's Death, who was (lain in the Battle of Evcjham. But
the Murderer's Pretence to vindicate this infamous Action,
could not be more unjuft, fince neither this Prince, nor
his Father the King of the Romans, were prefent at that
Battle, being then both under Confinement (6).

Edward's Progrefs in the Holy-Land was not great.
However, with the few Troops he had, he let the Sara-
cens fee what they were to expecl: from him, in cafe he
came to be affilted with more Forces. His Valour, Fame,
and the Reputation of King Richard his Great-Uncle who
had performed fuch famous Exploits in that Country, fo
terrified the Infidels, that, to free themfelves from their
Hi ft tamitd- Fears, they fent an Affaffin to difpatch him. The Vil-
< d b ""^f'lain, under colour of fettling a Correfpondence between
$'killt7 hm Edw a >'d and the Governour of Joppa, who feigned a
w. Rifh, defire to turn Chriftian, found means to be admitted into
T. Wikts. t ] le Prince's Prefence, and frequently to difcourfe with
lkmin-f. ftun - At ' a ^> one ^ay as he was alone in his Cham-



1271.

Edward
tomes f>
Paldrine.
Hemingf.



ber(7), he was jufr going to ftab him with a Dagger 'Z7«»
in the Belly, if Edward had not warded off the Blow
with his Arm, where he received a dangerous Wound (8).
The AfTaflin, enraged at this Difappointment, was about
to redouble his Blow with greater Violence; but Edward
gave him fuch a Kick on the Breafr, that he beat him
down backward, and leaping upon him at the fame time,
wrefled the Dagger out of his fund, and killed him im-
mediately. The Prince's Wound was much more dange-
rous than it appeared to be, by reafon the Dagger was
poifoned. The Wound beginning to gangrecn, made all
defpair of a Cure ; but happily for him, there was then in
the Army a skilful Chirurgeon who delivered him from this
Danger. Some affirm, he owed his Life to the tender
Love of Elconora his Spoufe, who ventured to fuck the
Venom out of the Wound. But this Circumrtancc is
mentioned by no Author of that time (9). This Princefs B '" h c f
was brought to Bed at Acres, of a Daughter, called Joan \\™Jf
de Acres from the Place of her Birth, according to the W.Riflu
Cuftom of thofe Days (10).

Whilft Edward was in Palejlinc, Theobald, Archdea- G "Z° r ? x -
con of Liege, who attended him thither, received the News r'" P . t"g.
of his Election to the Papal Throne. He fet out imme- w. Rifh.'
diately for Rome, where he affirmed the Name of Grc- T ' wikc "
gory X ( 1 1 ).

Edward's Army daily diminifhed, either by Sicknefs or Iz 7*«
feveral Battles with the Saracens, without his having any ^*//*
hopes of Supplies from France or elfewhere. This Con- ten Yean
fideration obliged him, though with great Reluctance, to **" *°'''
propofe to the Sultan a Truce, which after a fhort Nego- * Su '"'"
tiation was concluded for Ten Years, Ten Months, and
Ten Days, both Parties being to keep what they polTefled.
Nothing detaining Edward any longer in Pale/line, he
embarked his Troops, and fet fail for England (12).

During his Abfence, the King his Father enjoyed a D "" b . °f f
perfect Tranquillity, which was difturbed only by the Death '4, Ktmmk
of the King of the Romans his Brother. It is faid this T. « '■■ ■
Prince's Grief for the tragical Death of his Son, threw v/ - Rifll '
him into a Fit of Sicknefs, which laid him in his Grave.
Edmund, his other Son, fucceeded him as Earl ot Carn-
ival, with which title he was inverted by the King his
Uncle (1 3).

Shortly after, there was a Sedition at Norwich, occa- **'** ac
fioned by a Quarrel between the Citizens and Monks, in w.^Riih.'
which the Cathedral and Monaltery adjoining were re- M. Weft.
duced to Allies by the Townfmen. Henry, revolving not T> Wik:5 «
to let this Riot go unpunifhed, went in Perionto Norwich,
where he caufed the Offenders to be feverely punifhed ( 1 4).
In returning to London he was feized at St. Edmundsbury
with a languifhing Diftemper, which not feenung to be
dangerous, hindered him not from continuing his Journey
to London. But his Sicknefs increafmg after his Arrival, Dtawcf
he died in a few days, aged fixty fix Years, whereof he had "'".'wcIl
reigned fifty fix, and twenty days. He ordered that his
Body mould be interred near the Shrine of Edward the
Confeffor in the Abbey-Church of Wejlminjler, where his
Tomb [with his Statue in Brafs] is ftill to be teen (i 5).

This Prince's Character fo vifibly appears in all the *■*£*■»
Circumftances of his Life, that it will be needlefs to draw
it more fully. His narrow Genius, his Ealinefs to be po-
verned by proud and felf-interefted Counfellors, his incon-
ftant and capricious Temper, and the Notions of arbitrary
Power inftilled into him from his very Youth, were the
real Caufes of the Troubles which difturbed his Reign.
Too weak when there was occafion for Steddinefs, and too



(1) A very remarkable Accident happened this Year, which, though it is of a private Nature, may be worth mentioning. A Suit had been long de-
pend, ng between John Earl of Warren and Surrey, and Alan Lord Zouebe, concerning a certain Manor j which oming to a Trial before the King's Juliic.-.s
in Weiiminjler Hall, there happened to pafs very reproachful Language between the Earl and the laid Baion ; and th^y at lalt came to Blaws, mfuinuch
that the Earl and his Followers, being privately armed, fet upon the Lord Zouebe and his eldefl Son in open Court and woundrd :hem both. Aftei uh:i!:
bale Artion, he fled to his Caltle of Rygate in Surrey, and flood upon his Defence, but Prince Edward was fent with fome Forces to reduce him to Ob.-di .
ence. And at lalt he was fined five thculand Pounds to the Ring, and two thoufand to the Lord Zouebe and his Son. T. Wiles, p. 91. An. Waverl. p. 215.
M. Weft, p. 399 -This Year a Parliament was held at London in June. An. WcLVtrh p-«5-

(2) In May. M- W$. p. 4C0.

(3) Auguj} 25. W. Rijh. p. 100G. The 2 lit. An.JVaiierl. p. 22c.

(4) This Year, April S, Edmund the King's Son, married Adelina Daughter and Heir of William de Albemarle Earl of He'dernefi, with whom he had the
Earldom of Devmjhirc, and Lordlhip of the Me of Wight. W. Rijh. p. 1006. T. Wites, p. 87.

(5) He was fo bent upon going, that when he was dilTuaded from it in Sieiiy, he fmote his Bread and iwore, By the Blood of God, though all jha'.. *»"*
feit me, yet ivill I go to Aeon, if I am attended only by Fowen my Groom. W. Rip. p. 1007.

(6) This Murder^ wa:. committed March 31. Both his Coufin Germans Simon and Guide are faid to hare a Hand in this Murder. See Rymer'% Feed.
Tom. I. p. 8-0. Henry\ Body was brought over the next Year into England, and buried in the Monaltery of Haylet in Gloueejierjhire lounded by King Riebard
his Father. His Heart v. as depofited in WeftminJIer-Abbcy, in a Golden Cup, near St. Edward's Shune. M. Wejl. p. 400. T. Witei, p. 94., 95.

(7) He came to him with Letters, and pretending to have fome great Secret, every Perlon was put out of the Room. W- Rijh. p. 1007. -r. Witt), p. 97.
Jielitnigford, p. 591.

(8) He received three Wounds in his Arm, fays W. Rip. ibid. It was on June 17. T. Wiies, p. 97, 98.

(9) Tyrrel obferves that Camden in his Britannia (in Middlesex) is the firlt that mentions it, and from him Speed has tranferibed it in his Chronic]*
Both of 'them quote RuUriem Tolelanus ; but that Archbifhrp, as h: fays himfelf, finifhed his Hiltory in the Year 1243, twenty Years before this Accident
happened.

(10) She was afterwards mr.rried to Gilbert Earl of Glocefier. W. Rip. p. 1006.

(,11) This Year, a Parliament was held ax. London, in January, wherein the DifinberiteJ were reftored to their Eftates. An. Wave:', p. 226.

(12) During Edward's Ablence, about Auguft r, died Job* his eldefl Son, a Child of great Beauty and Wit for his Age; he was buried in the Abbey-
Cliurch of Wtflminjler, where his Tomb is ftill to be feen. 7. Wiies, p. 96.

(13) Riebard King of the Romans died at Ecrkbamfted, on the 2d of April. His Body was buried at the Abbey of Hayles, but his Heart at the Priory of
Reiuly, founded by him in the Suburbs of Ox/ord, for the Ciftereian Monks. W. Rip. p. 1007. M. Weft. p. 401. T. Wikts, p. 97. An. Wa-.trl. p. 2eb.

(t4) They were drawn at Horles Taik to the Gallows, and there hanged, and their Bodies burnt. W. Ripanger, p. iocS.. Tne Citizens o: .\.r-

-.vieh were fined three thoufand Marks of Silver, tor rebuilding the Church and Monaftery ; and were belidcs forced to buy a Gold Cup, weighing tea
Pounds of Gold, and the Value of one hundred Pounds of Silver, in the rocm of one of the fame Weight belonging to the Monaftery, that was melted in
the Flames. Ibid. p. 1009.

( r 5) He died on the 16th of November, 1272. M. Weft. p. 401. T. Wilts, p. 98. Ann. Waver!, p. 226 In the Year 1281, bis Son King Eowarl

adorned his Tomb with feveral curious Stones brought from beyond Sea, IValJir.g. p, 49,

No. 18. Vol, I. Sfff haughty



3 4 6 Tie BISTORT of ENGLAND. Vol. I.

4273, haughty when It was necefTary to ftoopand accommodate their Revolt proved in the end fatal to themfelves, at lcaft 127*.
himfelf to the Times, he Teemed to itudy inceflantly to it wab beneficial to their Pofterity, fmce the Kings, Sue-
a<5t contrary to his own Interefts. Nothing can be faid of ceflbrs of Henry, dreading to expofe themfelves to the like
his Courage, fince he never gave any fenfible proof of it. Dangers, duril not any more venture to revoke thefe Char-
But he may be juftly commended for his Continence, and ters, which are the Bafis and Foundation of the Liberty
Averfion to every thing that looked like Cruelty, being of the Englifh. Accordingly, they had time to be fo ftrongly
always fatisfied with punifhing the Rebels in their Purfes, eftablifhed by degrees, that there was no annulling them.
when he might have fpilt their Blood on the Scaffold. He Let the Earl of Leietfter be exclaimed agaHnfl never fo
was exceeding greedy of Money, but it was to fquamler it much, let him be called impious and wicked for daring to
away fo idly, that the vail Sums he levied upon his Sub- take up Arms againit his Sovereign, at lead it mud be
jecls made him never the richer. How pre/Ting foever his confeft, that his Ambition has produced happy Effects for
NeceiTities weie, he could not help lavifhing his Money the whole Englijh Nation. The fourth remarkable thing
upon his favorites, not conlidering his great Pains to obtain is, the Tyranny of the Roman Pontiffs, who abufing their
Aids from his Parliament. This Profufenefs, and the im- Power, treated the Clergy of England with inconceivable
menfe Sums fruitlclly employed in the unfortunate Affair rigour. I fhould add here an Article of no lcfs importance,
of Sicily, were the principal Caufes of the Mortifications I mean the Origin of the Houfe of Commons, if the thing
and Difgraces he was expofed to during the whole courfe were not liable to fo many Diiputes.

of his Life(i). Of nine Children Henry III had by Elonora of Pro- HitlJ**

Tcurthingi Four things efpecially render this Reign remarkable, vence his Wife, only two Sons and two Daughters furvived

t i ■■ , tv.uk- Tbcfirfr is, the Readinefs wherewith the Barons in league him, the reft dying in their Infancy (2). Edzvard his

Rtiln of a g a ' n ft King John returned to the Obedience of their eldeft Son was his SucceiTbr. Edmund his fecond Son,

Henry III. young Sovereign, the moment they thought their Privi- after a vain Expectation of the Crown of the two Sicilies

leges out of Danger. The fecond is, the Patience of the which the Pope had flattered him with, was Earl of Lan~

Barons, for above forty Years ; though the little regard cafter, Leicefter, and Derby, Lord of Monmouth, and High

Henry had for them, and the continual Breaches of his Steward of England. Margaret his eldeit Daughter, was

Oaths, gave them but too much caufe to complain. In married at nine Years of Age to Alexander Hi, King of

the third place it is to be obferved, that to the Troubles Scotland, to whom fhe left but one Daughter of her own

which diffracted this Reign, the EngliJJ) are indebted for Name, Wife of Eric King of Norway. By this Marriage

the Liberties and Privileges they flill enjoy at this day. came a Princefs of the fame Name, ofwhomlfhall have

If the Barons of thofe Days had been more paffive, it may occafion to fpeak in the following Reign. Beatrix, fecond

be very juftly fuppofed, that the two Charters of King Daughter to Henry was married to John de Dreux, Duke

John would have been buried in eternal Oblivion. If oi \ Bretagne (3).

(0 If. Rifka»gcr fays, he was of a m'ddie Stiture, ftrrng, and well let ; and that one of his Eyes was haLVlofed, p. 1009.

(2) Of his four youngeft Sons, three, viz.. Richard, John, and Henry, were bur.ed at Wtftminfier ; jnS the fourth, named William, in the NewTetnple,
rear Flectfreet : Catherine his third Daughter, which was born November zq. 1253, died at five Years or' Age, and lies Lur.ed in JVifitninfier Abbey.

(3) In this Reign the following remarkable things, not taken notice of by Rapm, were tranla&ed. Trial by Fire and Water Ordeal, though never taken
aw.iy by Act of P.-.rlidment, was by King Henry** Command laid afide by the Judges, and loon after grew quite out oi ufe. In 1233, King Henry huh a Hou:e
in London near the Old Temple (where the Relit now (land, for the converted J«j», and an Hofpital at Oxford, near the Bridge. M. Pans, p. 393. Weiehts
and MeMures were thus fixed : An Englifi Penny called a Stirling, round and without clipping, was to weigh thirty two Wheat Corm taken out of the midJt
of the Ear, and twenty Pennies were to make an Ounce, twelve Ounces one Pound, and tight Pounds a Gallon of Wine, and eight Gallons of Wine a Lzndy*
Bufhel, which is the eighth port of a Quarter.

Having largely treated of Scutagc in the laft Coin-Note, I proceed now to Tallage. There were two forts of Tallage, one paid to the King, the other to a
Subordinate Lord. The Tallage rendered to the King, was railed upon hi: Demeans, Efcheats, and Wardrtvps; and upon the Burghs and Towns of theRealrn-
In elder Times, it was called Donum and sJjfifa. Donum was a general word, and uied with great Latitude. When it was paid out of Knight's Fees, it was
Scutage ■ when by Towns and Burghs, it was Tallage ; when out of Land;, v. hich we.e not of military Tenure, it fignified Hidage. So that Donum figniiied.
In general, according as it was applied, either Aid, Scutage, or Tallage. \n thefe Senfes, the word Donum leems to have been ufed in the Reign of King Ste-
phen, and in the beginning of Henry II. In the fuccezding times, Donum came to be ufed chiefly for Tallage. Tallage was alio called Aflifa. The word Affifm 9
iignificd among other things, an AlVefiment. It is uied tor the common Charge or AiielVmcnt, made upon a County for Delaults, and other Amercements. The
County of Berts was charged with thirty one Shillings and three Pence de tommuni Ajftfa, of that County for Defaults. Mag, Roe. 19 Hen. I. Thole Manors
cr Lands were, properly, TalJLible to the King, which he had in his own Hands. Hence Tallages are commonly ftiled, Tallagxa Maneriorum '& terra run Regis



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