M. (Paul) Rapin de Thoyras.

The history of England : written in French (Volume 1) online

. (page 163 of 360)
Online LibraryM. (Paul) Rapin de ThoyrasThe history of England : written in French (Volume 1) → online text (page 163 of 360)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


See Rymer'% Fetd Tom. II. p. lco6, 1039, :04a. 1051.

(2) Buchanan c.ilis him Comitan Gomerat, though (lays Tyrrtl) there was no fuch Ear! then in England. lyrrel, Vol- IV. p. 168.

(3) January 29. At. rVefi. p. 4.S3. Buchanan layr, as loon as he came into Scotland, he accidentally met a Meffenger with Letters from C:r.yn to the
Kine, of England, which he lelzc.l ; and in them found how he had adviled him to put Bruce to Death. Whereupon he r.de xoDumfnes, and {hewing Comyn
the Letter, accufed him of Treachery, but the other confidently denying it, Bruct was fo exafperated that he ftabbed him in the Belly, ;. 2.

(4J March 2;. AL JVtJi. p. 4-3. Walfing. p. 91.

(5) With. Robert Clifford and Henry P« •■. .' rVe/h p. 454. fValfing. p. 91.

tii, Fifteen Days alter Midfitmnier, M. II '/!. ibid.

'-) All luch as were t" 1 ther by paternal Succeffion, or for their Eftates. M. Wtft. Upon this occafion, of the Prince'" rec-iving the

Order of Knighthood, the Clergy and L^.ty granted the K-ing a Thirtieth, and the Merchants a Twentieth. At. IV ft. p. 4^4. See Xjr.tr's Feed. Tom. I J.
p. 981 , 9S7, 9SS. The King iiis F.ither ga\ e him at the fame time the Dukedom of Guienni. Ibid. p. 990. M. rVtjt. ji. 454,
'- At MetU n near Perth, or Sujebn s Town, July 20. Buchanan, 1. 2. M. ffeS. p. 455.

(9) At Da/ri ■■ '■'■'■

1 10) During his Ablence, he appointed rVilliam Archbilhop of Tbrk, and JValttr Bifhop of Lichfield and Ccientry, Guardians of the Realm, See Rync';
Feed. Tom. II. p IOC J.

(11) The following Pcrfcm were committed to feveral 1 "»ns in England, Alan Earl of Mrntttb, The Earl of Mam\ Son and Heir, to Bri/lolCaftk:
}'i>t:nk dr Graham, Walter do Rjt:Jhi, and Richard de A eutrobre, to the Tower of London : Hugh hovel, and JVilliam de Murray, Jc Sandford, r Q JVtndf»r
Caftl : li ,: trek I array to Corf i 1 l.ul of Stratbern, to Rocbefter Ciftle : Tbontai P.md If to Lit tin Caiile, fee. RU-rrt Bruce's Wife to Bntfte-

tvioi, And the Lands and E Rates of moft oi ih= other Revolters wen' confifcaftd. Ibftl. f. 102, ic.13, 8?c,

Edtvai I :



Book IX.



g. EDWARD I.



385



1306.

ft. Pub.
Jl. p. loif

10; 1.
M- Wcfi.



Aft. Pub.
II. p. J • 1 4

w. Win.

Wallmg.



1307.
ZGwaid
would unitt
Scotland to

England.

parliament
at Carlift!.

M. Wtlt.
Walling/



Strtntcs a-
fawjl the
Court of
Romp.
M. Weft.
Ilfalfing.



Piers Ga-
vefton i,i-
nift.'ed the
gngjtm.
Aft. Pub.
II. p- 1043
M Weil.
Walfnig.



Brua'r

Buchanan.
Wailing.



M. Weft.
Walfinc.



He defeats

Pembroke,



and takes
fever al
Places.
Buchanan.



Edward rt-
f.l-vcs utterly
to defiroy
Scotland.
M. Weft.
Walling.



Edward's Age, and Vexation to fee himfelf Co often
obliged to begin afrefh, rendered him fo inexorable, that
he hardly pardoned any one Perfon. The Bifhops of
Gltifcoiv and St. Andrews, who were taken with their
Coats of Mail over their Habits, would have fallen a Sa-
crifice to his Vengeance, had not his Fear of difobligmg
the Pope faved their Lives. Thev were however fent
into England, and thrown into Prifon ( 1 ). The Earl of
A/bol, allied to Edward, and the Royal Family of Scot-
haul, was diftinguifhed from the reft, only by the heighth
of the Gallows on which he was hanged. The Countcfs
' of Buquban, who affifted at Robert's Coronation (2), was
put into a Wooden Cage, and placed as a ridiculous
Sight to the People on the Walls of Berwick Caftle.
Mary her Sifter underwent the fame Fate at Roxbo-
rough.

After Edward had thus taken Vengeance on Robert's
Adherents, who were fo unfortunate as to fall into his
hands, he fpent the Winter at Carlijle, where he fum-
moned the laft Parliament of his Reign (3). The firft
Buhnefs of this Affembly, was about means to fecure
the poffeflion of Scotland, by uniting that Kingdom to
England. Edward was refolved to fpaic nothing to keep
the Scots in awe, and even to ufe, for that purpofe, the
moft rigorous Methods. But the Face of Affairs was
much altered in that Country, befoie any fixed Refolu-
tion was taken.

This Parliament applied themfelves alfo with great
diligence, to prevent the Extortions of the Court of
Rome, which were ftill continued with the fame Excefs
as befoie, notwithltanding the Meafures taken to fupprefs
them. Nay, Statutes were made, which might haVe
cafed this Grievance, had they been well executed.

At this very time it was, that the Bifhop of Lich-
field, High-Treafurer, caufing the King to obferve the
Afcendant, Piers Gavcjlon, a young Man of a very de-
bauched Life, had over the Prince his Son, and the per-
nicious Confluences that might ipring from fo great a
Familiarity, Edward refolved to apply an immediate Re-
medy. To that end, with the Advice of the Parliament
ftill afiembled, Gave/Ion was baniftied the Realm, as a
Corrupter of the young Prince (4). Moreover the King
was pleafed, that his Son fhould promife with an Oath,
never to recall him, and that Gavcjlon fhould fwear like-
wife never more to fet foot in England. Upon that
condition he allowed him a Penfion of a hundred Marks,
to be paid out of the Revenues of Guienne (5).

Notwithftanding Edivard's Refolution to difable Scot-
land from ever recovering, the Time of that Kingdom's
Deliverance was at hand. God, who was pleafed to
chaftife the Scats, had not decreed the utter Deftruction
of that Nation, which was reduced to the laft Extremity.
Edward leaving Scotland, Robert Bruce fallied out of his
Retreat, and effectually made ufe of the King's Abfence,
and the Sharpnefs of the Winter, which hindered the x
Engliflj Troops from acting. He afiembled the Remains
of his difperfed Army, and reinforced them with frefh
Supplies, which the Scotch Lords, exafperated at Edward's
Severity, brought him from all Quarters. With thefe
Troops he attacked the Earl of Pembroke, who com-
manded in Scotland, and obtained over him a fignal Vic-
tory (6), wherein the Eng/ijh General was made Prifo-
ner. Then he marched ngainft the Earl of Gloceftcr, who
was at the head of another Body, and obliged him to
retreat to the Caftle of Aire, which he befieged, though
without Succefs. As he was mafter of the Field, and had
none to oppofe him, he caftly took feveral Places, and
caufed them to be difmantled ; as well not to be obliged to
leave Gairifons, as to prevent the Englijh from fortifying
them hereafter.

Edward, furprized at this unexpected Revolution, and
implacably exalperated againft the Scots, refolved to be
fignally revenged of that Nation. To that end, he fum-
moned all the Vaifals of the Crown without exception, to
meet him at Carlijle about the middle of the Summer, on



pain of forfeiting their Fees. His Intention was fo march 1307,
into the Heart of Scotland, and deftroy that Kingdom
from Sea to Sea, as he had often threatned. But God
permitted him not to execute fo barbaro is a Purpofe. He /• ttlm ill
was hardly arrived at Carlijle, where he had drawn togc- "' L '-" uk>
ther the fineft Armv England had ever feen, when he
was feizcd by a Diftemper, which put an end to hjs Days,
and all his Projects. As foon as he found himfelf ill, //
he knew he fhould die; and whilft his Mind was found, ■''' •>
he fent for Prince Edward his eldeft Son (7), and earneftly f' v
recommended to him three things: The firft was, vigo-
roufly to profecute the War with Scotland, till he had
entirely fubdticd the Scots'. For that purpofe, he advifed -.;. v, ft.
him, to carry along with him his Bones at the Head of
the Army, not at all queftionirig but that Object would
daunt the Courage of the Enemies he had fo often van-
quifhed. The fecond thing he recommended, was to
fend his He.irt to the Holy- Land, with thirty two thou-
fand Pounds Sterling, he had provided for the Support of
the Holy Sepulchre. The third was, never to recall
Gavcjlon. After thefe his laft Orders to his Son, he
caufed himfelf to be carried by eafy Journeys into Scot-
land, being defifous to die in a Country he had thrice
conquered. In this manner he advanced as far as the Dei 1
little Town of Burgh (8), where his Sicknels being in- Bl
creafed by a Dyfentery, which came upon him, he re- j,'
figned his laft Breath on the 7th of July, U307, in the M- V .'
fixty-eighth Year of his Age, having reigned thirtv-four v ' - : "*
Years, feven Months, and twenty Days. His Corps
was carried to JFallham, and from thence to JVefhninJhr-
Abbcy, where it was done over with Wax, and laid by
Henry his Father (9).

Thus lived and died Edward the firft of that Name •'•' '
fince the Norman Conqueji, and the fourth fince Egbert.™'"^
This Prince had, doubtlefs, very noble Qualities, and par-
ticularly great Valour and Prudence. He knew how to
mafter his Pafhons, and return to the right way when he
had ftrayed from it ; a Quality never to be fufficiently
commended in a Sovereign. When we compare him
with his Father, his Grandfather and his own Son, his
Succeflbr, we find he far excelled them all. This Com-
panion, which one can hardly help making, has been fo
much to his Advantage, that the Englijli Hiftorians have
ufed the ftrongeft Expreflions in his Encomium, and would
have him pafs for the greateft Prince of his Age. A fa- Camden /»
mous Writer has not fcrupled to fay, Thai God badf" m}x "
pitched hi; Tabernacle in the Breaji of that Monarch. But
his whole Conduit:, with regard to Scotland, does not
give of him fo advantagious an Idea. However, with-
out examining too clofely the Expreffions ufed by the Hif-
torians in his Praife, it may be faid, he was a great
King, and that England received confiderable Advantages
from his Adminiftration. The Kingdom, weakened by
the ill Management of the two preceding Kings, was
reftored to its former Splendor, by the Abilities of this
Prince, who knew how to make himfelf beloved and
refpedted by his Subjects, as well as dreaded by his Neigh-
bours. The Conqueft of JFales, in vain attempted by
his PredecefTors, added a great Luftre to his Reign, and
was very beneficial to his Kingdom. That of Scotland
would no doubt have gained him more Honour, had it
been entirely finifhed, fince the Scotch Hiftorians would
have fpoken of him in different Terms from what they
have done, if at the time of their writing they had
been Englijl).

He was very perfonahle, and taller than the generality
of Men by the Head. His Hair was black, and curled na-
tuially, and his Eyes of the fame Colour, fparkled with
uncommon Vivacity. He would have been perfectly well
fhaped, if his Legs, which were a little too long, had
been in proportion to the reft of his Body. Hence he
had the Sirname of Long-Shanks. He joined to his bodily
Perfections a folid Judgment, a great Penetration, and 2
prudent Conduit, which very rarely fuffered him to make
a falfe Step. Befides this he had Principles of Juftice,



(i) The former in the Caftle of Percbifter in Bamfjhirt^ and the latter in V/incbefler Caftle. It will perhaps not be unacceptable to the Reader, to
know what Allowance the King made the latter- I'o the Bilhop, for his own Expences, fix Pence a Day. For a Servant, three Pence. For a' Boy,
three hall' Pence. Fir a Chaplain the lame. See "Rymer's Foe-el. Tern. II. p. 1016.

li) This Gounteft was Sifter to the Earl o\ Fife, (then abf nt in England) whole Office it was to crown the Kings of Scotland. For which Reafon
fhc^ being of a bra\c and manlike Spirit, ftole from her Hufband with all his Hcrle, and came and let the Diadem upon 2?race's Head at the Abbey ..f
Scone, on Palm 'Sunday, March 35. Vy'alfing. p 91. He had been crowned before on Fclruary z. M.Weft. p. 453.

(3) "j amity 1%. M. Weft. p. 457.

(4) The Ordinance for his Banilhmcr.t bears date February 26, at Laureteft, (or Lanercfl) in Cumberland. Rymer's Feed. Tom- II. p. 1043.

(c) This Year the Kinp fettled upon his Sen Thomas ten thculai.d M3iks ; and upen kis Son Edward feven thoufand Marks, in Lands and Rent. And
to Ins Daughter Eleanor, he gave for her Portion ten thoulimd Marks, and live thouiand Marks for Cloaths, to be paid in feven Years. Rymer's Fad.
Tcm- II. p. 1019.

(6) After Edftcr. M. Weft, f . 458. Walfing. p 93.

(.7) Whrm lie had lint into England, in crdtr to gj ever and cr r.fummate his Marriage with Jfabella of France, ibid.

(5) Up >■ the Satids in Cttmbei land, to diftinguilh it from Burgh upon Stanemore in Wefimireland. The Memory of Edward's Death had been preferred
by fome gicat Stones rolled upon the Plrce ; but in i6Sc, there was en died a Iquarc Pillar nine Yaids and a halt hi^h. On the Weft S de is this Inlcription :
Memsria eeterntt Edwardi I. Regis An^liae huge elanffuni, qui in Bell' apparatu contra Seotos occupatus, hie in caftris obiit 7 Julii, A. D. I307.

It was fet up by Jckn Agliinby, I. C. at the Charge of Henry Howard Duke ot Norfolk, and made by e tb:mat Langfione. Camden.

(q) AntTburitd OCiobtr iS. {M. Weft. p. 458.) en the North Side of the Shrine rf St. Ed-ward. His Srpulchie is cempofed of five grey Marbles, two
rn the S : des, two at the Er.ds, and a tilth covus it, upen the Ncith Side whereof are pencilled thefe Words ; EDWARDUS PRIMUS SCO-
TOR U M MALLEUS H1C EST. i 3 o3. PACTUM S \\ R V A.

No. 20. Vol. I. 5 E Honour,



3*6 The HISTORY vf EN GLAND; Vol.1.

1307. Honour and Honefty, which reftrained him from counte- Duke of Brabant : Elizabeth of John Earl of Holland 1 *o-

nancing Vice, not only ,n his molt intimate Courtiers, and afterwards of Humphry Bohu, f Earl of Hereford (J '

but eveain his own Son. Moreover he was of an exem- Berenguella, Alice, Blanche, and Beatrix, died young or"

plary Chaitity, a Virtue very feldom found in Sovereign unmarried 5

Princes. All thefe noble Qualities bred in the Hearts of £<*W had two Sons and one Daughter by Margaret By M *.

his Subjects, a Love and Eieem, which did not a little of /We- his fecond Wife, whom he married in the -^4

contnbute to the rendering his Reign peaceable at home, fixtieth Year of his Age, though fhe was but eighteen

wh.lft his Arms were emp oyed abroad. As for theAffair Yearsold. Thomas[deBrothertfn] ( 5 )theelde.t wasEaH

of Scotland, itmay be faid to procure more Honour than of Norfolk, and Marfhal of England Edmund bore the

real Advantages to England f.nce after Torrents of Blood Title of Earl of Kent (6) Eleanor the Dauehto 7)

fpilt in that Quarrel, xteEngh/h were conftrained in the was to marry Otho Earl of Burgundy, but fhe died in

end to relinquish their ProjecT her Childhood. *

wZtL „ **"* . had ^y Eleanor of Cajlile his firft Wife four We have an uninterrupted Series of all the Parliaments W ,

■w",:'- 7 " iTth "'"I h S V" [l \u U , W r d l)- his ^ cc ff°T hdd '" £ "M fr ° m &. zzd Year of this R gn ?) ^^,

S £ ^ ° nly S °" that I Ur ; ,Ved ^™ ^ T - £Wr h j s eldeft ' rhe Conftitution of thefe Affemblies, fuch as it is^t £tfr *
S^d. p h CQ aaed ^, kmg of w . wa<; fo wdi b ^^ , a " s,

Sen r ^" 1Ce ST ft' Con ^ mmat '° n > fte , was . — an additional Law made to the Great Cha X, tX o

Tr LP?'* (T Z^ J °T a ' £?*"£ °' Whereb >' k was enafted ' That n ° Ta * ^oM be levied *» «S"»

Am the Place of her Nativity was betrothed to Hart- upon the People without the Confent of the Commons fo)

man, Son of the Emperor Rodolphus I but the Death of It may be further obferved, that in this Reign the Title ru T„ r

C;// y n g ^ nnC % pr T en f t V n ? "t" U T"r ni u m A n[ l d ° {Bar °"> Wh ' ch Was common t0 a11 that S held Land! B 7 !;!'^
t iTf £ "C Lar l °( G/ r/' 7 '' and after h,S Death ' of ^e Crown, was confined to thofe whom the W*
Ralph deMonthermcr ( 3 ). Margaret was Wife of John fummoned to Parliament. S

(1) Queen £/e<r»er died, as is related above, p. 3X1. Note(2), the 28th of JVrormfo- 1291, at Richard di JVetlon', HmC, „t TT*.M.* fl, .k di l
her Body rcfted, were erected to her memory goodly Crofits, namely at Lined* Grantham T,T-l 7 r<j . \, HarMy. At the Places where

fiable * A/ians, Wahbant, and Cfani, He^r Bolels were buffi feSfari . ^ '^ e SfteJSjtTffijTf^^ ^'"k
is p'aced her Figure ofg.lt Copper, with an Infcriptioh. Her Body lies in mjlminft" Abbey the Fee of tt"r» Til rd T b ? F "' ""J" 1 ?, 1 *

hav.ng on the North S,de the Arms of England and Leon and Pontb.eu, with her Figure as' Ve s the Lite hi ILL t ,„ , o S? Ma ^

quarterly C.4,, .C# 0,: And ^«, „ tfa randan, Purfk, which were the Arms ,f g££ UU, kg fcttlni'l^^^ Z ^

ind^^'xh;rA^no^^-r

Crofs ereeled to her Memory ^r-N^bamptm. S^Jfirds &W p ,29 ' ^ C ' 1rV " '" fcV<±Sl PlaCM 0n the

(2) Jot,,, Henry, and jllpbtmfus, died young. See above, p. 361.

Afterwards in all Parliaments he was fummoned as Lord 11$^. By the la,d 7^™, he had wo Sons <nl» t \ F, A V n"™ f ft*
tberner had an only Daughter Margaret, Wife of JAn m A iagut, by whom Acha %£, aLZIeZ of W A f f ^^T ''if 5 ";
«~-j the Earls of ^^., and SiMuM, a/d the Sc^'a^ ^^ "Egf. 0^^^°^'° ^ ^^ DUkt ° f

(5) A fmall Village mrorkjhtrc, where he was born Jaw 1. 1300. Walfmb. p. 7 8. Sandf-rd.

(6) He was born at Wood/lock, Auguft 5. 1301. jW. ^</?. p. 434.. •-.*.* ^

(7) Born at Wincbtfler, May 6, 1306. /rf. p. 454.

(8) See Nbtitia Parliamntarie by £ro-a,n Ji'Uhi Efqj and Mr. P 7 ,»', £rfWi Parliamentary.
(9; See above, p. 379. Note (5), and Coke's li Inftitute, p. 531.

The Reader is to obferve, that the Hiflory of the Royal Revenue in the foregoing Coin-Notes, is all Matter of Fart fatpn fr„ m ,(,„ v o >i

the




"1™ H"' m J Jttrc un a nocte cum Uomino uo Hueone de Nevi . Rot. Fin 6 7cA M v. d 4J,„ J„ t „j,i j 1. . . »» 1 1 , e™""-^




Prns Th"' - ,he ^^ S ^^ h * C1 T b « 1 -. ™ d Treaiurer; and the Wri of sl£t VZl r( "u fc^ fo, ^ tag ^ '^'^ '^ifSTZfe
^ ingth SSrw ?C9W JTm£ T? r ^i beCame »*7 t0 b = *»« «to% l» Confequence thereof. The Exche uer was alfo h lT«S

Sd i„ y pe biat Te ExcheJu r Kin? ktSm P ET"} r "^p" t " ^ *'«' '" M ° h "■ ^ Period ' the Kin S' if he P' Eafed - ftt « d

enioyed feveraT PrivW Tl K ! T\ k t d • ^ Be ? tl y- From the moft ="tient Times, the Perfons employed at the King's Exchequer,
Son the Priv lei 6 ' iron 1^ '*. t ■ ' ■*"", ^T 6 ' '^ * Ms Sa ^ a - m nct fc clc « and {M » *»& * the Second. Thefe Records
Si „c V r P H 7'/r teng impleaded ,„ the Exchequer only: Freedom from Toll, for things bought for their own Ufe : Freedom

PrWIw «? their cle^n'i M ^n' u" d r^fSPf .? " a ' f ° '° bC und " ft " cd . H»t ^eral of the" Ref.dents a. the Exchequer had

iy, if they w^re ,o ao^rt anv of r™ ''^V" ° f ^^ alWed t0 Perl ™ s > whowerc Suit « » Accomptants at the Exchequer; name-

be put in de au t Below^The Fv h '" r' ^^ ' , UP °" ' CCltain Djy ' in " fe ^ KW ,hat ^ attendin E « the Exchequer, they were n,

It was the ca« of Z't f E " h ^"« »" a Court greatly concerned in the Confervation of the Prerogatives, as well as the Revenue of the Cr,

, . tne care 01 the Trcalurer. and Barons, and the Kino'. r»m,;] ,f .K. r..i. .. r„ .l_. -l. d°u. f ., „ .. ...

claimed Liberties or Exemptit

the regal Revenue, inafmuch

induced to fine for Confirmation l

examined and remilated at ,hTvvrh"" l """""T\"' ■"'"' " ,u " ucs ' « tney aenrea tne lame. However, many..

it became the utS Meth d ." E " het !""' .'""i therein great care was taken to preferve the Rights of the Crown inviolate. Upon this ground, p„,bably,

Libe ti^by his L tt^r tl^ Tel T w ^T] '° t r " d a " d '"""^ >< thc E " h ^ Ue '' So that commonly, when the'lCing granted o /onfirm d
„ „f„7.J n" u'"^ _ Pate . m ' »''ofe Wntdireftedto the Treafurer and Barons, was wont to ill'ue, reciting thc Sundance of fuch Grant c. ■ Confirmation.



vtre net to




and commanding the Barom 'allow ,h r ""f ° , Trealurer and Barons, was wont to ill'ue, reciting the Subftance of fuch Grant cr Confirmation.
the,o?Z!t%lL,?lV ..'a'' In a VVOTd ' the Authority and Dignify of the Couit of Exchequer was efteemed fo great, that the Arts

Records ThTrher the u Z "t C u mr ,"" ed '" any ° ther ° f the Ki "S' s "binary Courts of Juftice. The Exchequer was .1 great Repertory the King's
^r d i'„ J b,t > rthe .. L RcC0 ^ !of i h .f ^ur, holden before the King, of the Court of Common Bench, and of the fuilices in £v™ J^TLh, 4 Ke l.L



up Z th'eTnafurv where hev n m re™" j ^T ^ ^"^ ° fthe Court of Common Bench, and of the Juflices in £,-„ were brought, ,0 belaid

fit »nd ,A d • 7k' £ k y , T '"' Under tl,e Cuftod y of the Treafurer and Chamberlains of the Exchequer. Secondly of the Perfons that

Afel? £d 'k th k EXC H UCr ' *f™f this lecond Period. The King's chief (ufticiary continued at firft to prefide and »fl a he n,d bef re ulT o dc
fheq Tr TolTm mafbe TdSId he Kit's c'^T 1 1 ^^^^ The,,? the Affairs were guidfd by the Treafurer and Bail of the Ex"
fnmetim,. C, a 7 l r , E Counci1 ' who m we often find acting both in the fuperior Court, and in the Exchequer • and thit Men were

cih rJZZ" his' EsTouer 7 F* f'T S?! <h ^' «? fe DjyS " Tbe "™ ^ ™ ^ T ™ & ™ Ki "S **$L by Ms Charte V !
•he ofirfL B«^^W f, 1 !' '° ^""V 7 f/ ' Tf vP i(h0P ofC "^'" to h ° ld duri "5 L "^ ^me Perlonshave bin inclined td think,
» nuXkfs LiftanTJ ,k ' X ' / d ""lI ' ' T "'' J/ ";; T °f E »£l^>) «d that of Tr„>rer «/• ,ie £.vci.e 7 ,er, were two difti^ft Offices. But
» numbvrias Inftances, the Treafurers during the Re,gn S o. Hpg U I, Edviard I, and II. arc ftilcd fometinW th 5 Kit?* Tree,/:,,;;-, and fometimes

Trtajvrtr



Book IX.






EDWARD I.



387



Treafurer of the Exchequer. It does not appear,
Henry III. the yearly Salary was c
to make other Provifion for the Treafuri

who were Ecclefiaftical Perfons. Sometimes there was at the Exchequer an Officer, called the Treafurer's Lieutenant.' I
fence, or if no Treafurer, executed the Treafurer's Office, and was in effect the Treafurer's Deputy, or Vice-Tresfurer 1 Locum teneni, fipnifyine a Deputy"
or a Perfon that acts in another s (lead. There were Lieutenants to feveral other Officers, as to the King's Chancellor, Earl Marflial, Sherifli Wt
Aftci tnc Treafurer, came the Chancellor, who feems to have been appointed to be a check upon the Treafurer. He took an Oath upon cntrine into
his Office to this effect: " That he would well and truly feive the Kin/., in his Office of Chancellor of the Exchequer: That he would well and truly
" do, what appertained to his Office: That he would difpitch the King's Bufinefs before all ether: And that he would fe.il wi'h the Exchequer Seal no
«' judicial Writ of any other Court, befides the Exchequer; whilft the Chancery, (or Chancellor) was within twenty Mile-, of the Place where the Ex.
" chequer was holdcn." Lib. Rub. Scac. p. 14. The rcil of the Perfons that fat in the Exchequer, were the Baron", who were appointed by the
King in the following manner: " Rex omnibus ad quoj, &c. Sciatis nos conccffifTe dilccto ct fidcli noftro Magiftro Alcxandro de Swereford Thefau-
" rario Sancti Pauli Lnndonia.-, Quadraginta Marcas lingulis annis pcrcipiendas ad Scaccarium noflrum ad fc fuflcmaiioum in fcrvit!., noftro ad Scaccanum
•' ubi rcfidet per ptaxeptum noftrum, donee ei aliter providerimus. In cujus rci Tcftimonium, Cc. Tefte Regc apod tf^cflm. iii die Oltthrii." Put
18 Hen. III. M. 2. Again, " Rex mandat Baronibus de Scaccario fuo quod conftituit dileflum et fidclem fuum Johannem de Cob.ham, Baronem fuuni
" cjufdem Scaccarii j ita quod officium Baronis ibidem excrceat quamdiu fibi placuerit : Et ideo mandat eifdem, qucd iplum Johannem in Baronem ejufdem
" Scaccarii ad hoc admittant in forma praedicta. T. Meipfo apud Wtfim. 8 die Junii, anno rcgni quarto." Trin. Com. 4 Ed. I. Rx. %. 4. The
next Coin-Note, (which concludes this Subject) will treat of, 1. The Bufinefs. 2. The Accompts. 3. The Officer-,, of the Exchequer, during the' fecoad
Period.



not appear, what Appointment the Treafurer in the mod antient Timfs received of the King. In the Rcii-n of

Marks. The fame Salary was paid tr. John Bifhop of Ely, Treafuier 2; Ed. I. But at that time, the King ufed

urers by fome beneficial Grant, or Ecclefiaftical Preferment ; and fo likewise for the Chancellor,, and other Officer,.

lITll'l irTVC thcrii line if * li«» P V, k„ n in Alh.,» fill... I iL- T_ 1* 1. ■ . • ...





Edward I. is fuppofed to be the firft of our Kings that perfeftly fixed the Standard of our Coin. In the third Year of his Reign, fays an old Leieer
Rook of the Abbey of St. Edmundibury, the Matter was thus ordered by Gregory Rock/ey, then Mayor of London, and Mint-Maftcr : That in a Pound
of Money there fhould be eleven Ounces two-pence farthing, pure leaf Silver, and only icventeen-pence half-penny farthing Allay ; and this Pound was



Online LibraryM. (Paul) Rapin de ThoyrasThe history of England : written in French (Volume 1) → online text (page 163 of 360)