M. (Paul) Rapin de Thoyras.

The history of England : written in French (Volume 1) online

. (page 17 of 360)
Online LibraryM. (Paul) Rapin de ThoyrasThe history of England : written in French (Volume 1) → online text (page 17 of 360)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


verfions, joyfully accepted his Propofal, and went fo far as to
pay him the firft Vifit, accompanied with 300 of his principal
Subjects. Hengiji receiv'd them feemingly in a very re-c Malm.
fpectful and cordial Manner, which charmed the Britijh G- Monm.
Lords. His Entertainment was fplendid, and nothing was
wanting to divert them. But towards the End of the Feaft,
the Scene was changed. Hengiji had ordered Matters fo,
that having artfully raifed fome Subject of Difpute, at a cer-
tain Signal given, the Britijl) Lords were all murther'd (6).
Vortigcrn, becaufe Hengiji had need of him, was only made vortigern it
Prifoner. In vain did he complain of this bafe Treachery ;fin'd to give
he could not obtain his Liberty without delivering up to "f " lar &'
the Saxons a great Tract of Land bordering upon Kent, witht^^.
which Hengiji enlarged his narrow Territories. This was
afterwards divided into three Provinces, called by the Saxons,
Suffix, EJfex, and Middlejex, which Names they retain to
this Day. Moreover, not content with this Acquifition, Hen-
giji ravaged the neighbouring Country in a mercilefs Man-
ner, and became Mafter of London, Lincoln, and JVincheJler.

The Indignation of the Britons at this barbarous Action Hit SuljcBt
was fo great, that they could not look upon a Saxon with- abandon tim,
out Horror. But this fatal Event was attended with far- "^^^
ther Confequences. Vortigcrn, as he had given his Sub-f, us .
jects, more than once, caufe to think him a Friend to the
Saxons, was reckoned an Accomplice in the Maffacre, fince
he alone was fpared. And therefore they all deferted him,
and acknowledged Ambrofius (7) for their Sovereign, ex-
cept a few Friends, who were of little Service to him in his
finking Condition.



(1) The Romans, for the more convenient going from Colony to Colony, had their publick Highways called Via? Confulares, Prtrtona, Regies, Sec. bu:
by Bode and the Miderm, Stratee, ox Streets. (Hence the many Strtttcns, i. e. Towns on tboje Streets). There were fenr in Enghrd, H'etiing -Strut,
Ikenild-Street, Ermm -Street, and Fofs-wcy. Two of thefe Ways are extended crol's the Breadth of the Kingdom, the other two thro' the Length of it. The
Tracts of there four Ways, are, and have been, for many Ages, very obfeure; and it is not yet fufficiently ckar'd, where any one ot them diftir.&ly went.
Brady, p. 45. Hift. Eng.

il) Wtppedi fiucmum. See Gloffar. Saxon. In all probability Ipfwicb in Suffolk. See Langborn. Camden thinks it was in the Ifle of Tbar.ct, but that could
not be. Rapin.

(3) Cornwall and Devon. There were feverai petty Kings dependant on the chief Monarch. Rapm.

(4) Or Aleluid. This Kingdom cjntain'd Part of Cumberland and Lenox. Dunbritton was afterwards the Name of the Capital. Camd. p. 918.

(5) He was buried at Lincoln. Nennius, e. 46.

(6) The Signal was, Nimed cure Seaxcs, (i.e.) Pull out your Daggers. Stillingfieet doubts the Truth of this Fact, becaufe Witeebind relates one like it that
happen'd mGe'tnany. But it might be repeated in Britain. Rapin. This Matfacre was committed on the \fi of May. Higd. In Memory of it, Ambrofius
is faid to have built Stonebenge near Sj'.ifbtiry. G. Monm. 1. 8. As it has been juftly wonder'd at how Stones of twenty or thirty Toni could be rais'd fo high
as they are, it won't be amifs to give the Reader Mr. Rowland's Hypotbefis in his Mona Antiques. Small Mounts were thrown up with Hoping Sides and
level at the Top. Up thefe Sides with great Leavers and Pullies by httle and little they roll'd and heav'd up the Stones they defign'd to ereft j then laying
them along on the Top of the Hillcck, they dug Holes in the Earth at the End of the Stones, as deep as the Stones were long, into which they let them
(lip ftrait on Ends with their Tops level with the Tops of the Mount, then placing other Stone* upon thefe, and taking away th: Eatth alinoit to the
Bcttom of the Supporters, there appear'd what we call Stonebenge, Rollrick or Cromlech,

(7) Bjienius confounds Ambrofius Auniianus, with another Aurclian, Rapin.

4 Ambrofius,



Book I.



The BRITONS arid SAXONS;



35



476. Jmbrofius, as foon as he faw himfelf fole Monarch of the
Ambrolius Britons, affum'd the Imperial Purple, after the manner of the
7iik"f£m- Ro»' an Emperors, creating at the fame Time Prince Arthur,
fenr. who had fignaliz'd himfelf in the War by many brave Actions,

a Patrician (1). Could Britain have been fav'd, it would
doubtlefs have been fo by thefe two great Princes, who had
nil the Qualities of the mod celebrated Heroes in an emi-
nent Degree. But its Fate was determin'd. This noble
Country, was deftin'd to undergo an extraordinary Revolu-
tion, and become a Prey to the Saxons. All that Ambrofms
and Arthur could do was to put off its Ruin for a Time.
Hengift in- Mean while, Hengijl was not a little perplex'd to fee his
vita tmr Country quite difpeopled ; for the Inhabitants refufing to live
**« Saxons. under a p rince that had given fuch evident p roo f s of nis

Treachery and Cruelty, retir'd in Crowds into the other
Provinces ; fo that his new Dominions were of no Ufe to
him there not being Hands enough to cultivate the Lands.
47 7 . In this Perplexity, he refolv'd to fend for Ella, a Saxon Gene-
Ella arrivti ^ a ] j (torn Germany, promifing Part of the Territories granted
Fab.'^E- n ' m ^y Vortigern. Ella receiv'd the Offer with Joy, and
the!w. fhortly after arriv'd in Britain, with his Sons Baldulphus,
Flor. Wi- Colgrin, and Ciffa an Infant. He landed his Troops at IVhi-
fTHuntmg- '"■'"£ ' n Sitffex, but not without Oppofition. The Inha-
don. /. 2. bitants of the Country rifing to prevent his Entrance, he
Sax. Ann. b ecame not Mafter of the Shore till after a long Battle. At
length he drove the Britons as far as the Foreft of Andredf-
wald (2), at that Time 65 Miles in Length, and 30 in
Breadth. The Retreat of the Britons gave the Saxons Op-
portunity to fettle by degrees along the Coaft and towards
the Thames. During the nine Years they were employ'd in
extending their Conquefts in thofe Parts, they had continual
Wars with the Britons, the Particulars whereof are unknown.
We are only told that the Saxons, fettled along the fouthern
Coaft, were call'd Sud or South Saxons, and their Country
Suffcx. Sujfcx. Hengijl took care to ftrengthen himfelf, in the beft
manner he could, in the reft of the Country given him, and
planted Colonies of his own Countrymen. Thofe that
were feated to the Eajl were called Eajl Saxons, and their
EiTcx. Country, Effex. The Country between Effex and Sujfex,

Middlefex. was term'd Middlefex. As for Kent, it retained its ancient
Name, the only one perhaps the Saxons did not alter.

Hengijl having thus fettled Matters, gave thofe Soldiers,
that delir'd it, leave to return into Germany. At their Ar-
rival on the Continent, they built the Caftle of Leyden,
Jo. Doufa. which is afcrib'd to Hengijl himfelf by a Dutch Poet, as
well as by feveral others, who were of Opinion that he
went back into Germany (3).
Sim Tears The Britons were not then in a condition to think of
rtftfrtm recovering the Provinces ufurp'd by the Saxons. Harrafs'd
by almoft continual Wars for 60 Years together, it was
time to breathe a while. However, they were griev'd to
fee the Saxons fo firmly fettled in the Country, and in a
Capacity of ftrengthening themfelves, by the Conveniency
of fending, whenever they pleas'd, for frefh Supplies from
Germany. But they were fore'd to be patient, 'till their
almoft quite exhaufted Forces were repair'd. Accord-
ingly, without any previous Truce or Treaty of Peace,
both Sides lay quiet for nine Years. Hengijl, no lefs than
the Britons, had need of fome Refpite, to put the Affairs
of his Kingdom in order. During this Interval, Ella
gain'd Ground, the Britons not daring to oppofe him, for
Tear of giving Hengijl a Pretence to renew the War, which
it was their Dcfign to avoid.
The Britons The Britons having had time to recover their Strength,
fJ.'Uit Am- began to follicit Ambroftus to take up Arms. They repre-
j^IJ^j.fented to him, " That the longer the Saxons were left in
C. Monm. " quiet, the ftronger they grew : That fince the War
" ceas'd, Britain abounded with young Soldiers, fit to
" fight for their Country ; if this Opportunity therefore
" was let flip, they might perhaps expect another in vain."
Ambroftus told them, " he was convine'd, as well as
" they, of the Neceffity to exert their utmoft to expel the
" Foreigners, but there was no hopes of fucceeding as long
" as Vortigern was alive ; That although he was old, and
" in appearance incapable of acting, he had a powerful
" Party, that would not fail of raifing new Difturbances
" as foon as the War broke out : That they had found by
" fatal Experience, ever fince the Arrival of the Saxons,
" he had always favour'd them." In fine, " he put them
" in mind, that all their Loffes were owing to their Divi-
" fions, and as thefe Divifions ftill prevail'd, it was to no
" purpofe to expect any better Succefs." He concluded
with faying, " they had but one of thefe two Ways to



" take, either to let the Saxons remain in quiet till Vor-
" tigern's Death, or to rid themfelves of that domeftick
" Enemy, and unite their Forces againft the Foreigners."
Such was the Hatred of the Generality of the Britons againft The Arm, of
Vortigern, that they refolved immediately upon the latter of' A ' Britons
the two Methods, and with one Confent, prepared to put their Ta'"[t"v ot .
Refolution in practice with all poflible Secrecy and Expediti- ti^cm.
on. Vortigern fo little expected to be attack'd, that he was
like to have fallen into the Hands of Ambroftus. He had but
juft time to throw himfelf into a Caftle in Wales, where
he was not very fecure. Ambroftus willing to complete his
Work, inftantly went and befieg'd him, being refolved not
to let him efcape. During the Siege, the Caftle, whether by
Accident, or the Engines of the Befiegers, taking Fire, was
burnt to Afhes, and the unfortunate Vortigern perifhed in the
Flames. This was the End of thatPrince, advanced toagreat 4 8 J-
Age, after a troublefome Reign of forty Years. He had, be- y ie ^'^ s/
fides a Daughter, three Sons by his firft Wife, Vortimer, Ca- c. Moral.
tigern flain in a Battle with the Saxons, and Pafccntius, of Nemuiis.
whom I (hall fpeak hereafter. By his Daughter, whom he M ' Wtftm-
debauch'd, he had a Son nam'd Faujlus, who paffed his Life
in a Monaftery, where he was diftinguifhed for his Piety.

Ambroftus being thus rid of a very formidable, as he ever Ambroiim
thought, and hated Rival, renewed the War againft the^™'^
Saxons, which had been interrupted by the Weaknefs of defiJt, eiu
both Parties, and the Divifions of the Britons. The Parti"- '" + 8 7-
culars of this War, after its renewal, are very imperfectly Hunting"
known: But confidering the Valour and Activity of the
two Generals, it may be fuppofed to have been very fharp.
Hiftorians relate but one remarkable Event, namely, the
fignal Victory obtained by Ambroftus, in the Year 487, over
Ella and his two eldeft Sons. This is properly the firft
Victory the Britons could indifputably boaft of, whatever
their Hiftorians fay to the contrary. This Defeat obliged
the Saxon General to retire to his ftrong Holds, in ex-
pectation of frefh Supplies, fent for from Germany.

Hengijl lived not to fee the End of this War. He died Hengilr
in 488, aged about 69, of which he had paffed 39 in Bri- i,es 4 8 8-
tain, and 33 on the Throne of Kent, {4). He cannot be^^wi-
denied the Glory of being one of the braveft and moft pru-gom!
dent Generals of his Time. It were to be wifhed for the w - Malm.
Englijh, that the Founder of their Monarchy had not, as ,"'„"""'
I may fay, cemented his Throne with the Blood of fo Ran.'cei-
many Britijh Lords, whom he treacheroufly murdered. An t,cnfis '
Action that muft leave an indelible Stain on his Memory.
Had it not been for this, his Reputation would have been
uncommon, fince by his Conduct and Valour he happily
accomplifhed a Defign, the Execution whereof was ex-
tremely difficult. Befides Kent given him by Vortigern,
and confiderably enlarged by the Acquifition of Effex and
Middlefex, he was in poffeifion of fome Lands in Lincoln-
Jhire, where he built Thong Caftor. The Saxons beyond
the Humber acknowledg'd him for their Sovereign. He
left two Sons, Efcus who fucceeded him in the Kingdom Hhlffue
of Kent, and Andoacer who ftaid in Germany.

After the Defeat of Ella, about a Year before the Death Efcus King
of Hengijl, Efcus had fent him into the North, to aflift/ Kent
Ocla and Ebufa againft the Britons. But as foon as he had c^nm.
Notice of his Father's Death he haften'd to Kent to take
Poffeflion of the Kingdom In the mean Time Ambrofms
improving his Victory, retook London, Winchejler and
Lincoln, feiz'd by the Saxons, after the Maffacre of the
Britijl) Nobles. Efcus, wanting the Qualities of his Fa-
ther, never endeavour'd to recover thefe Places, but pre-
ferr'd his Eafe before the Fatigues of War. In all Probabi-
lity heobtain'd a Truce, fince in the three following Years,
there is no mention of any Hoftilities on either Side.

During this Calm, Arthur, who had all along aflifted , Q0
Ambroftus, finding his Prefence was not abfolutely necef- Arthur 'go,?
fary in his own Country, made a Voyage to Jerufalem. ta h™ hl<:m x
Ambroftus, in the mean while, by the Affiftance of Samfon h™'"*'.
Bifhop of Dol, whom he had fent for from Armorica, and ting. /. j,
made Archbifhop of York, regulated the Affairs of the
Church, that were in extreme Diforder by reafon of the
foregoing Wars.

The Truce or Difcontinuance of the War lafted but 491.
three Years. The Northumbrian Saxons beginning to ftir Ella Hfiegn
in 49 1 , Arthur, who was return'd from his Voyage , Q^lf'
march'd againft, and defeated them. At the fame time Ella h. Hun-
having receiv'd a ftrong Reinforcement from Germany, went tin S* '■ fr-
aud befieged Andred-Cejler (5), fituated in the Foreft of Sax AnD '
Andrews IVald. The Refiftance of the Befieged, and an
Army of the Enemy pofted on an advantagious Ground,



(1 ) P Arthur muft have been created a Patrician by Ambroftus, fince there was then no ether Emperor in the IVeft. Odcaccr King of the Htrtili reigning
then in Italy, had never any Pretentions to Britain. Rapin. See Niebolfon's Hijlcr. Librar. p. 35.

(2) Andndjiuald, as Camden fays, was 120 Miles long. It is now called Willi or Wild. Camd. p. 166.

(3J t£uem circinato, mtenium ut arobitu, The mighty Hengift, if vie credit Fame,

Sic arcuatis fornicibus novum, On circling Arches rais'd this Jlately Pile;

Putatur Hengiftus, Britanno O'er Britifh Seas, -when he in Triumph came,

Orbe redux, pofuilfe vi&or. Dcufa. Rapin. And brought new Laurels from the conquer' d Ijle.

(4) Some Bntijh or Wekh Writers tell us, Hengift was taken Prifoner and beheaded by the Britcr.s. C. Monm. M.Wcftm. But the Saxons unsnimcufly
afiuie us he died a natural Death. Rapin. (5) I n Latin, Anderida. in the Reign of Edw, 1. a little Town called Newmien

was built in the time Place. Rapin. Soma takes Anderida to be Pemjty or Haftmgs, \ a Suffix. Hift. of Rum. F.i:..



made



3 6



The HISTORY of ENGLAND.



Vol. I.



made him lofe a great deal of Time. But at length, after
a vigorous Defence, the Town was carried hy Storm, and
. entirely deftroy'd. Immediately after this, Ella affum'd the
VtkofKkg Title of King of Suffex or of the South-Saxons, which iie
c/.Suffex. durtt not do while Hengiji was alive. This Second Saxon
Kingdom contain 'd the prefent Counties of SuJJ'ex and Sur-
7i 'tBtd re y- EN" was a "° e l e< ^ e d Monarch or General of the
mmaicb. Saxons in the room of Hengiji. For it mult be obferv'd
altho' Hengiji was only King of Kent, yet was he confider'd
alfo as Head of all the Saxons, according to the Cuftom of
that Nation in Germany, where, in time of War, they had
always their General in Chief, accountable only to the
States. This fame Cuftom the Saxons continued in Britain,
and always elected a General, whom fome Writers ftile
Monarch, becaufe, as we fhall fee hereafter, he was Head
over fevcral Kings. In all appearance, Hengi/Fs Son
thought himfelf incapable to difcharge this High Office,
fince he fuffer'd Ella to be inverted with it.
494- About two Years after, Arthur defeated the Northum-

brian Saxons again, on the Banks ot the River Duglcs ( i ),
where he had routed them three Years before.
. The Year 495 was very remarkable for the Arrival of

t'niK ..••- Cerdic, a- Saxon General, not only upon the Account of his
rive in Bri- Conqueits, hut chiefly becaufe from him the Kings of Eng-
':' n w . land are defcended, in the Male Line, down to Edward
gorn. the Confcjfir, and in the Female, down to the illuftrious

lv))clnon Prince, who now fits on the Throne. If we trace him
G Malnift. n 'R^ cr » wc find, by the Saxon Annals, that he fprung from
Huni ngd. ll'oden, the Root of all the principal Families of the Saxons.
Sax. Ann. He was famous alio for founding a Kingdom to which all
the reft in the end became fubject, and confequently, he is
to be look'd upon, if not as the firft, at Ieaft as one of the
principal Founders of the Englijli Monarchy. This warlike
Prince having acquired great Reputation in Germany, and
finding no farther Employment there, refolv'd to ieek his
Fortune in Britain, where he knew many Families of his
Nation had already eftablifh'd themfelves. To that purpofe
heequipp'd fiveVeflels, and taking his Son Cenric, advane'd
to Man's Eftate, with him, now fail'd for Britain.
Northum- Ella, as I faid, brought with him his three Sons Bal-
berland di- dulph, Co/grin, and CiJJa who was very young ; and the
■uidtdinn two kldeit treading in their Father's Steps, bravely affifted
onioei'ra. h'" 1. They are call'd by fome Cifmenius and Plentigus (z).
M.Weilm. Ocla, Commander of the Saxons in the North, having been
frequently defeated by Arthur, and perceiving himfelf too
weak to guard all hisConquefts, had divided them into two
Parts, of which the Southern was called De'ira, and the
Northern, Bemicia. He had committed the Care of the
Firft to Bahlulphus and Colgrin, referving Bemicia to him-
felf to defend it againft the continual Attacks of the Northern
Nations. Colgrin, after the laft Defeat of the Northum-
brians by Arthur, had fhut himfelf up in York, where Ar-
thur immediately went and belieg'd him. Neverthelefsifa/-
Artbui if dulphus having been inferm'd of Cerdic's Defign of coming
\,:,lc. to Britain, was gone into Norfolk to expect his Arrival, and
favour his Landing. But Cerdic's Arrival being delay'd by
fome Accident, Baldulphus march'd back towards York,
with intent to relieve it. He was met upon the Way by
G.'Monm. Cadpr, Nephew to Arthur who defeated him, anddifpers'd
his Arm}' in fuch a manner, that he was forced to make his
Efcapeall alone, difguis'd like a Peafant(3). In that Drefs
he fafely reach'd the Walls of York, and making himfelf
known, was drawn up with a Rope. The News he
biought ol Cerdic's being about to arrive from Germany with
powerful Supplies, inltilling new Life into the Befieg'd, they
continued to make a vigorous Defence. Arthur pufti'd the
Siege briskly, in Expectation of taking the Town before the
Arrival of the Saxon Prince. All this while Cador was in
Cerdic «■- Norfolk, ready to oppofe the Landing of the Saxons. But
r iwsa<i de- before Arthur had made any confiderable Progrefs in the
/.,.-. oJur. Siege, he receiv'd the ill News of Cerdic's landing at Yar-
mouth (+), and beating the Forces fent againft him. Upon
which he raifes the Siege, and retires to a Place of Security,
fiDuYiegi ci ," ne COLuJ learn tlle eXi »cl Number of the Saxons, which
0/ York." Fame had exceedingly multiplied. Baldulph and Colgrin
marching out of York, committed great Devaluations in
Laneajlnre, whilft the Britons were difmay'd and terrify'd
at the Arrival of Ccrdic. So great was their Terror, that
Arthur thought fit to keep at a Diftance from the Saxons
for fome Time, for fear of not being able to infpire his
Troops with Rcfolution enough to look thefe formidable
Enemies in the Face. But this was not All that followed
upon the Arrival of Cerdic.



Pafccntius, Son of Vortigem, having long concealed his 496.
fecret Difguft at not having any of his Father's Dominions''"' n[lv:i
aflign'd him, laid hold of this Juncture to obtain what heg l ^j' nr .
thought his Due. With the Affiftance of thofe that, likeNenn.
him, were difpleafed with the Advancement of Ambrofius,
he drew fome Forces together, and being joined by Bal-
dulph and Colgrin, was reinforced by many of his Friends
in IVales. Ambrofius being grown fick and old, Arthur But is dc-
took upon him to chaftife the Rebel, and marching againft/"""' b ->
him, gave him Battle, and entirely routed him near the™. Weftm.
little River Drig/es (5).

The next Year, Arthur in the fame Place gained another i __
Victory, and to warmly purfued the Britijh Prince, that he He is beam
forced him to fubmit and fue for Pardon. Pafeentius got"£ J ">> «""'
more bv his Submiffion, than by his Arms. For betides his£,"*
Pardon, it procured him the poffeffion of Bt ecknock and Rad-
nor (6) in Wales, which being erected into a Kingdom, his
Pofterity enjoy 'd it for many Years. I imagine that his
Father Vortigcrn's private Demefns lay in thofe Parts, and
that Ambrofius did but give him the Lands belonging to his
Family before Vortigem was King. If he inverted him with
Sovereignty, it was only to give him fome Satisfaction
concerning his Pretenfions to the Crown of Britain.

About this Time the Saxons in the North conquered theGalway on-
little Kingdom of Galway (7) from Galvan Nephew oi1"" id ^ ,bc
Arthur. This Country, now part of Scotland, had remain- 3 '"
ed in the Hands of the Britons and withftood the continual
Attacks, as well of the Saxons as Pifts. Galvan having
loft his Dominions, retired to his Uncle Arthur, to whom
he was very ferviceable in his Wars.

Shortly after, Porta lands at Portland^), fo call'd from - ,
him with frefh fupplies of Saxons from Germany. This The arrival
at a Time the Saxons began to be fuperior, obliged Arthur °f Portl -
to quit the Field and retire to London. Tho' he had gene- "',"""
rally the better of the Saxons in all their Encounters, yet Camden.
his Troops were conliderably diminifhed ; whereas the Anl "'- ^it-
Enemy's Forces were continually increafmg by frefh Re- '„,
cruits from Germany. Nay whole Bodies, under the Con-
duct of famous Leaders, came over to Britain, in order to
procure a Settlement, or for the fake of Plunder only. Ar- Arthur h
thur, who had not the fame Supplies, would have been K-"Jj!f" dt 2 ,he
duced to Extremity, without the Affiftance of Hoel King of mo rica. A
Armorica his Nephew. This young Prince, greedy of M. Weftm.
Glory and glad of an Occafion to fignalize himfelf in the
Service of his Uncle, put himfelf at the Head of 15000
Men, and landed at Southampton. With this Aid, Arthur A „, ntri
went and attacked the Northumbrians, grown formidable by Hift. de
the Valour of Baldulph and Colgrin, their Leaders, and Bret - cb -
meeting them in De'ira, obtained a compleat Victory over Hedefcms
them. The two Saxon Brothers not being in condition to 'be Saxons,
withftand him after their Defeat, had no other Courfe to
take, but with the Remains of their Army to join Cerdic,
then befieging Lincoln. But Arthur, fearing the Lofs of that A " d ilj!:
Place, followed them with Speed, and furprized Cerdic in fo Cerdlc '
fudden a manner, that not being able to continue the Siege,
or raife it, without Danger, he was conftrained to hazard G ' Malmfo.
a Battle (9), which proved fatal to the Saxons. Cerdic being ^'
defeated, was forced to betake himfelf to the Foreft of Cclidon, 1. ;
where having fuffered great Hardfhips, he at length found P-lychr.
Means, tho' with great Difficulty, to retire towards the^' Monrru
Wejlern Coafts. Some Hiftorians affure us, that feeing he
mult inevitably perifh if he ftaid in a Place where he could
neither have Provifions, nor hope for Affiftance, obliged him-
felf by a Treaty with Arthur to return into Germany with
the Remains of his Troops. They add, that being em-
bark'd with Intent to perform his Promife, he altered his H. Hunt.
Mind at Sea, and came and landed at Tojlon (10) in thep 2 '.
Weft. However this be, Cerdic certainly remained in the/ jj 6 e.
Ifland, and lay quiet for fome Time, having loft in the
Battle above 6000 Men.

After Cerdic's Defeat, all the Saxons were equally concern'd Great p rl .
to oppofe the Progrefs of Arthur, who, like an able General, f""



Online LibraryM. (Paul) Rapin de ThoyrasThe history of England : written in French (Volume 1) → online text (page 17 of 360)