M. (Paul) Rapin de Thoyras.

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might agree together to dill'olve it, that they might (hare their Wealth and great Revenues between them. Wa/Jtng. p. 99. See Tyrrell, Vol. IV. p. 2-;*

(6) On Offir li, 1307- (7) Three times. See the Ankles of Inquiry concerning them in Brady, Vol. III. p. 169.

(8) 'January 7. Rymer's Ferd. Tom- III. p. 34, 45.

(9) The Poffeflions of the Knights-Templars were granted to the Hofpitallcrs of St. John of Jerufalem, by the Parliament which met in the beginnin»
of Lent 1324, when the Stalutum de 'Terns Templariorum was enacted. Wal/ing. p. 120.

Having in the laft Coin-Note fpoken of the Perfonj that fat and acted at the Exchequer during the fecond Period, I fhall confider 11, the Eufinefs of
the Exchequer during the fame, which may be ranked under three general Heads : 1. Affairs of the Revenue. 2. Cufes. 3. Bulinef; of various kinds.
J. There was in the Exchequer a great Variety of Buhners, fpringing from things incident to the Revenue. Fines of divers kinds were impofed, and
Amercements fet by the Treafurer and Barons. They fomctimes furveyed the King's Manors, and committed or demifed the fame. They alio
comm.tted (by the King's Command and All'ent) the Counties to Sheriffs, and removed them from their Bailywicks. In fine, it was the Eufinefs of
the Treafurer and Barons, to fpced the levying and getting in of the King's Debts, and manage the Crown Revenue to the bed Advantage. Ncveithelefs
if the King thought them remifs, or wanted Money very urgently, he would fend Writs or Meffages to them, to haften the getting in or Money, m fuch
manner as he directed. 2. Pleas and Cult : Though after the Separation of the Common Pleas from the King's Court and Palace, it was f'ruiddcn
by the Great Charter, and afterwards by an Ordinance, to hold Common Pleas in the Exchequer, yet in fact, fome Common Pleas were ftill hoid-.n ; and
the King fometimes gave leave to particular Perfons, to bring their Suits and recover their Debts there. In Suits moved between Parties in the Exchequer,
the King granted preference to one Perfon ; namely, that he ihould be paid before other Creditors. 3. Under the Head of Bufinefs of various kinus, we
•may place Conventions and Recognitions, which were frequently made in the Exchequer, and the Prefentation and Admillion of Officers of the Ex-
chequer, as will be feen hereafter. Several Officers of the Exchange, and Coinage of Money, were from time to time prefented and fworn in the Exche-
quer, as <vell as fome others, who were Officers at large, as Cuftomers and Commiffioners of Pci ambulation of Foreils. Particularly the Mayors and chief
Officers of Towns, Efcheators, Sfc. were prefented at the Exchequer. The Citizens of London, after they had chofen a Mayor, u.eJ to preient him yearly
on the Morrow of St. Simon and St. Jude, before the Treafurer and Barons, who fwore and admitted him to his Office; 10 likewile their Sheriffs on the
Morrow of St. Michael. Thus Nicolas Bait their Mayor (2S Hen. III.) wa* prefented by the Citizens, and 9 Ed. II. the Mayor, C-'e. prefented their
Sheriffs Hamon Godchep, and William Budde/e. If the Sheriff of London did not come to the Exchequer at the King's Command, to take ur n him the
Office of Sheriff, he was to be amerced. Sometimes Sheriff's of Counties, Under-Sherifts of Hereditary ones, ©V. were fworn in Perlln at ti Exche-
quer. Several of the King's Tenants in Capite, by Knight's Service, did their Fealty ; and others *ho held of the King in Cap:;;, by Rent L-ervice
paid their Rent at the- Exchequer. Waller It limn, Farrier at the Strand in Middlifex, was to have a piece of Crcund in the Paril'n of St. Clement
to place a Forge there, he rendering yeaily fix Horfeflioes. Mag. Rot. 19 Hen. III. This Rent was antiently wont to be paid at the Exchequer.' It
is dill tendered there to this Day, by the Mayor and Citizens of London, to whom, in procefs of Time, the laid piece of Ground was gr-nted. billing
this fecond Period (as well as during the firft) the chief Judiciary, the Treafurer, the Barons, and Council at the Exchequer, did fometimes act in Af-
fairs relating to the publick Peace, and to the Government and Defence of the Realm. In general, the Bulinefs and Acts of the Court of Exchequer
were wont to be entered or recorded in fcveral Rolls, the principal whereof were, the Rojulus anr.alis, or great Roll of the Pipe, of which I have fpokerl
in the laft Coin Note; and therefore fhall only add here, that the Chancellor of the Exchequer (who Items to have been appointed to be a Check upon
the Treafurer) from antient Time, caufed a Counter-Roll of the Treafurer's Great Roll, to be made up every Year. There are fome of thefe Rotuli
Canc.l/arii more antient than the Reign of Henry III. This obfervation may ferve to refolve a doubt, which the Antiquaries have hitherto lain under.
For Example : There is in the Record-Office in the Tower of London, a Duplicate Great Roll of 6 Rich, I. and another of 7 Join. And there is an-
other of the third of John, in the Cuftody of the Treafurer and Chamberlains of the Exchequer. The Great Rolls of which feveral Years are in the
Rep. fitory of the Pipe. And in the fame Repofitory, there are two Great Rolls of the fourth o( John. Now all thefe Duplicate Rol's Mr. Mtdox
takes to be Rotuh Cancel/arii. The next Records were the Memoranda, or Remembrances. A Remembrance was antiently wont to be made f.r every
Year, in each of the Remembrancer's Offices. On the part of the Treafurer's Remembrancer, each yearly Bundle contained feveiaJ Heads or Titles,
fuch as Communia, the common Bufinefs ; C-impota, or Accounts ; Vifus, Views ; Advcntus, the Advents of the Accomptants ; and other Titles. Su alfo
the Memoranda, on the part of the King's Remembrancer, have the like Heads or Title. Of the Originals of the Chancery, which were wont to be
repofitcd in the Treafurer's Remembrancer's Office, I fhall fpeak hereafter. In the Memoranda of the Exchequer, was entered great variety of Bufi-
nefs : For Inftance, the King's Writs and Precepts of many kinds, relating to the Revenue, Tenures, &c. Cummiffions of Bailvwicks/Cultodie-



titiy



4°4




The HIST OUT of ENGLAND. Vol.1.

neral, al! thofe things which were <
Commotio R^is to controll Accompts,
or cum C m ' R«"j * c - The '
the T rms, Conjidtratum efi, or (

other words were alfo Ibmetimes ul'ed, as Ordinarunt fr««l*r»«t, &c !■» a ™ cTnfiderrtinm Cri* >L ^c. ."I." In tie Bufinefs of the Excheque^
feid, the Tenant, or Defendant, mould be d.fcharged by J"*^f "STSSTrfif King to the Treafurer and Barons, fignifyng to them his ,.leafure, con-
fas to Pleas and Accompts) there was frequent ufe of Wnts o •Letters mm 6 Sometimes Meffages were brought by living Meflengers. The
ierning Matters depending before them. Thefe parted under the gre t o. t^ F^Sc ■ ^ ^^ ^ ^^ , n ocefe rf
m„ft frequent of thefe Wnts or Mellagca were : Mo do Juft.ce or Right ^> ™5^ ^ ^ di W riti or other Meffages to the Judges of the King's Courts,
Time, this Correfpcndence between the Palace and the judicial Court,, o r th I J*»*» ^ m (hc Rd rf l ivmi rf Thus much ,. f the 1MB.
was in many Cafes, forbidden by Statute. But th,s Reftndicn was not 11 f«^ f^ conl derable Accomptants to the Crown, the method of Ac
nefs. I come now III, to the Accompts of the Exchequer. As the Sheriffs wer the molt . i\ ^^ f , >,,^ . Thc pre>
compts at the Exchequer will be beft learnt from thole of Ae Shenffs. The A r™**^ » ^ ^.^ Fern)j Jnd Cor/aJ ^.^ and om J h £
the fifm Comfoti; the Sanma, or making of the Sum. 1 he trojer wa . p a id,\the Accomptants were amerced, or otherwife
»*«£., and the Sommonces. It was probably caUed %>/'""• '»* £* * f ^Vcompt, which ftood A to #, whilft the Sheriff was purifying



pumfhed. The Kfi. Comfit,, or view of Accompt, was the Entrance ot p^^T^S,' xo have an Allowance or Difcharee of any Sums charged

or liquidating his Account, by producing his Warranta, or Vouchers, by V.rtue wnereo^ n ^ of ^ ^ ^ ^^

on h.m. After the V.ew was made, he proceeded to the S-, » «afc, or CM »"*™> *

of confiJering the manner of a Sheriff's Accompt is, as it Hands in the <?"«■**«• Whc,

Pa.ts theC«r*M CWfatttf, the R m a*«t firm*, atter Trrr* rfa/tf ; the Cr«m>.f«*, if any

Purnreftures, Fines, Oblatas, Amerciaments of divers forts, Elcuages, Aids, 1 alL.ges, ana

rTSh» n »i,hia the Sheriff's Charge, and the like. The -.Corfu, Com„*,u! conl.l



„. _ .... - - - *-;.._. j,,^,. .k, Crtmtr.tum if anv ; the Fi-hatum ox Jt-ma ut fnyicuu rne iiiuo oi ticcais ana

Parts, theOrf. C« Ml «, the Rom^s firm, ^?£**"f'\?£X^Z'^\ Profits ; Fefms or ilfues of Towns, Burghs, Gird, or
Purpreftures, Fines, Oblatas Amerciaments ot d.vers for Elc ™^* c «^«V C«»>-f« co„r.ftcd of feveral Manors and La**,, which being let or committed
Lands, which were within the Sheriff s Charge, and the like. 1 F , trr , t0 , h e Crown arofe. Thefe Manors or Lands lay within the -
.„„„.!,„ ►„ ,h. Sheriff, made the Fund, out of which the annual Ferm to the crown aroie j ,,,, .




iSU^SS £*££«? be" a ™W^or a Delation upon then F^thi.r Ailegianc, .here one^was ,nde hted. 1 ne^ng ana ,™
- -?^^^^ ^^^"^-^^^^0^ S^r^in^r^^^'h'chau: "^...i^crrnilBon fro., the ^S> or thejul.cie,, or Bar_ of




to the King, ne was iu c.ve me ryeueei a.. ""j»« r 'u P v. . ,nd m orevent Fiauds by an anient Statute, Z7 Hti. ill, certain renons were

of Diftrefs, it was the Duty of the Sheriff to fell it at a leafonable Pr ce ; and to .prevent *«»<^«» » [& rf Lib: / ties 3nd other p„ fons conOTne&

to be aff.gned to approve the fame to the Sheriff. ShenrS were to n , , y t he T u« ^ot th . ^ ^ g, Somtt , mes the pkd wcre rcnlarkablv nu .

The K.ng's Debtors found Sureties if ..-T^ • were "^^^tre^^ZcomP^ and othe/Bulinea at the Exchequer. Allowances or D.fcounts




louna :nQLiiuu lu mt »i^'"pt»'", *•— -■- , , ; ArrnmDts or d;d not purlue cne lam; m uuc mdiuici, uo »*ts ['uji.hi^

,,!„•. than the Accomptanfs Receipts. If an Accomptant did not come torrhd er_ his Ace « iipts^ ^ chj h= was committed l0 the Mar .

by Diftrefs, and feizure of Land, and by Amercement. It he d,d no, an wer the Debts or Sums » . f Comm;)ner

ft"!, or rir.fr,>.,, or the Tower ofW»». 1= A comp. .nt, depart, d Ir^m h Exchequ^ ^r befo re ^ ^ J ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^^

,0 be attached by their Bodies. Lords anj others, who claimed to have F™nchUes *'^» * ^ ccount there of the , ffue of lhe ; r Franchife, and

Exchequer, when the Sheriff of their County was paffing "^P-^™^ gut if the faid Lords and others failed to appear, &c. it was ufual
were allowed fo much as they were rightfully mt.tled to by Charters from he Crown. But ^ ^ g^ ^ ^ c<jurt ^ ^

for the K.ng to leize their Franchife. The Accomptants at the time o paffing , !.« A«™ t , J- m ^ y.^ of ^

As Money was fomet.mes pa.d in, fo Accompts were lometimes rendered at : tta Camera M£ P ^^ ; J ^ or Eftrats rf

King's Writ : Ey the Writ cr Teftimony of the Jufticary or Baron By Trig " mt ^f~] , hcr way , The Chancery, in the moft antient times,
the J.Sfcfai! Bv the acknowledgment of the Palt.es: From the ^^^J^S^^i and fealed a. the Exchequer, where the Great Seal
was ufually holden at the Exchequer : Or, many or m, ft of the Chancery WriU 1 wen 1 tnen p h Wri and Pre ts of the Grcat Sea , came tj>

was cmmonly kept. When therefore the Chancery was feparated from the Exchejue r an dt^ he Uwt ^ ^ rf K . ng _ ^^ ^ fc

■ -nfelves in the R^/, C.. *, >. ^f^^iSl It, « fro J the Chancery to the Exchequer. In faft, from the beginning




what Purpole given. <_oumei b wee .».™~ — ■ - ■ _ ,nnrh-r for Shillings, or. In the 17m ot rv.ng /son, ten jnu.inp o

feveral Diftina»«s of the chequered Cloth, «*. one row or place to _ Pound «, ««lu «a ■ ^^ ^ ^ ?li „. R ,,. 6

„an Money (valued at xv ,) and two Belants (valued at . . . . and v , A) «« ukd " ^ ^ or f , rior ExcheQuer „- e re : The two

I come now in the laft Place ,0 the Officers or Minifters ot the ^ ch J c h ^«l£l the Aud.tor., the Clerk of the Eftreats. .. There were ant-
offer of the great Roll the Ufher, the Conftab ^e,^ the Mar hal «» , ^ ^^ ^ ^ o(her ^
They were lometimes called *'-«'""»' *f ■ M )lL,da. which have been made up in their refpeflive




fafely,
monces
rected.
nominated

ofthe'Ex'chequeHs v ; ry antient. He was appointed by the Marihal of EngUM. Wiullt an ^ce,,..e r^^™ ^j. „ ^,~ Thc Fmba Manfialli



1 ji.iicNi. ui »« < fr »». ., ™. .— o Filets or Files, or ma rune or nag. 1 .«. ^ -i-.»j i.™. yl -...

nd Vouchers" produced by Debtors or Accomptants. Thefe he kept in Farules or BUB, or »/" dld do it pr m3 de default at any day prefixed to

• Exchequer Records. When an Accomptant, having been Iworn "."j^™

fons that wim employed at the Exchequer, in arrcfting Accomptants or



Id Voucners prouueeu oj ^eu^.oe.. ^» r .- — > . r™««, .,, Account, dl

often mentioned in the Exchequer Records. When an Accomptant, having been fwor 1 to Ace *
ta! or did not duly anfwer the Arrerage, of his Account, he : was .«omm.t«l in Cuftody .0 h« M



I, to remain Prifoner till the Court made a Re-




»W II. all the Eftreats which were in the Coftody ot the Treafurer s Remembrancer, were by ^ ^ offiK ^ chMce||or of ^ Exche<1 „ er .

«fc Ci//i»We, Clerk of the Summonces. S. There was alio a Cler.cu, Brevmm * *«*«™ « & hc ft PcnoJ (h= Chambcrb ins in Fee, who

Amangft the Officers of the Exchequer, during the fecond Perrod may be reckoned g^»»^V™ ^ nd arc nunlbered amongft th e Barons .here. But
were great Officers in the Kmg's Court fomet.mes fat and *^-**%£*%! l & "fc ^ tie great Exchequer and at the Receipt. The Perlons
after «id i( the Chamberlains in Fes uiually deputed «lki3 W rfSCTW Uivu QftKes lor tnern, o«n 5 u



Book IX.



10. E D W AR D II.



405



(0 deputed, were at firft Kniojlt;.
Barons : And
by Letters Pati
Deputy was admitted
or Allowance




Recefta, without dlflingi:i(liing them town 1 ne nothi by particuhi nan 01 Office. Fence hath aiifcn fome Obfcurity. The Ciena Tbcfaurarii k-m I
been the Officers afterwards called, Clerk rf the ft/A, Writer of the Tallies, &e. and induced all the Officers ot' the Receipt, except thofc whofc Of:;-
Serjeanties, or related imm.d : .iu-1v to the Chan ; .1 ice. la th* upper Exchequer, there are tot few Memorials concerning the Office.; or Club



Serj

Receipt. The Cferklhip of the Pilli is probably antient. There is in the Trcafury, at the Receipt of Exchequer, a Ptlf,
a lien. III. In the 3ith of Hen. III. the Pell Roll is called Magma Rotulus de Recepta. In the *8th of Hen. III. Simon d,
of the Tellers of the Exchequer; At the Receipt w Exchequer were alfo fome Serjeantie
of Pefi



it may be, *Cwoiitr~pe!l of

Vt'eftmmfltr w ch
ry Officers j namely, a Pefir .mi Tutor. Th- 1 1



Ponderator, or Weigher, was the Serjeanty, vhich in the 4th of King "John, was veiled in Thomas de Windefore, and remained in that i
for fome tme afterwards. Another Serjeanty wai the l-'uf'rie. By Fttfir we arc to undcrftand Metier. One Wi , r , n ,| lc R e j gns ,,

Henry II. ind Rictard I. Concerning the UiTier of the Receipt, nothing-remarkable occurs within this Period. 1 (hall conclude with a few Intrais
the Allow-.nce made to feveral Minifters of the Receipt of Exchequer, for their Livetie and Con I., and othei NeceiTaries. In a Urn. Ill', the 1
of the Minders of the Exchequer lor fourfcore Days, from the Fcaft of St. Michael, till Monday next after the Frafl of St. Lueiut v/crc : To three
Scribes c. To the two Knights of the Chamberlains v 1 1 1 Marks. To 'John de Windefore mil. To John the Fafor 1 1 Marks and a Hal
Simon Dnel 1 1 Marks and a Half. To the four Tellers I 1 I i /. To the Vigil, and for Lipht x 1. For a Hutch to Ijy up the Men,,.,,. I, vi 1 </. I. 1
Rodds for the Tallier v.t. For Parchment for the Vfe of the Chamberlains, and the chief Jufticier's Clerk lirir, F01 Ink, during the .... h
1 1 1 j. Fir Litter for the Chamber of the Barons, and Houfe of Receipt x 1 1 rf. For NeccfFarie; for the laid Chambers xx d. For ten dozen of I
xxj. Fo Wax hi. For Leather for the Tallier ixrf. For a Hutch to lay the Inquifitions m ilea". For the Marlhal's Hutch x 1 1 d. For
to put theallowed Tallies in x 1 1 1 1 ./. For carrying and re-carrying the Hatches v j. For a Tonell to put in the i> Marks, fent to the King at - 1
by R. Bifhjp of CbUbcJIcr x 1 1 <7. For Locks, Bolts, and other fmall Expences 11111. Total, xx 1 1 1 1 /. 1 1 11 1. v 1 1 1 d. Ex Pcllc Rcccptar d
9 Hen. 111. Rot. ult. mdoij . penes The/, el Catncr,




El.



Edward IPs Coins (if ever he coined any Money, which Nicolfon fays cannot be certainly affirmed) are in ail refpecls like his Father's, and dtttinguirfied
from them only by Name, mix. EDWA. EDWAR. or EDWARD. ANGL. RMS. HYB. On the Reverie, the Names of feveral Cities in England
and Ireland, as C1VITAS LONDON. L1NC0L. DUBLIN. WATERFORD, &e. The Title of Dcmmut Hybtmia is never wanting on his Coin
Unoljon obferves, neither our Hiftories nor Laws afford us any Light, as to this King's Money.




N»XXI. Vol. I.



S*



THE




THE



HISTORY of ENGLAND.



BOOK X.

The Reigns of Edward III, and Richard II, Containing, the Space of Seventy Three
Tears: With a Dissertation on the Salick-Law, and the State of the Church from
1272 to 1399.



11. EDWARD III. Shimmed of Windso r.



Edward III,
( ■ 'a ■■:.,'.

!■ Cooes.
V- .11 .




mm mm*



H E depofing of Edward II pro-
cured not the Englifo all the Hap-
pinefs they were made to expecT
If they faw themfelves freed from
theT roubles that diiturbed the late
Reign, it was only to fall into a
no lefs incommodious State. The
Government of a weak and im-
prudent King was not more dan-
gerous than that of a minor Prince, under the Direction
of a paffionate Mother, and a young unexperienced Mini-
fter, more prefumptuous and lefs able than the Spencers.
Accordingly the People quickly found, that they had not
gained much by the Change. Happily for them, Edward's
Minority was of no long continuance. As foon as the
young Prince had taken the Government upon himfelf, lie
converted the Misfortunes of the late Reign into Blef-
fings, and the Injuries received from France and Scotland,
into Glory and Triumphs. A remarkable I nftance, which
(hews, that the profperous Condition of a State depends lefs
on its own Strength, than on the Prudence of him that
fits at the Helm. This is what we are going to fee in
the prefent Reign, which is juft ly ranked amongll the molt
Illuftrious of the EngUjh Hifrory.

When theCornmillioners fent to Ketiehuortb, were re-
turned with Edward I I's Refignation, the Prince his Son



was again proclaimed, under the Name of Edward Ul, and 1327.
crowned a few Days after ( 1 ). The Queen and Mortimer,
whofe Intereft it was to make the whole NationAccomplices
of their violent Proceedings, affecled on that occafion, to
caufe a Coronation- Medal to be ftruck, importing the um»
verfal Confent of the People to the prefent Revolution. On
one Side was the young King crown'd, laying his Scepter on a
heap of Hearts, with this Motto, POPULO DAT JURA
VOLENTI. On the Reverfe, a Hand held forth, as it
were faving a Crown falling from on high, with thefe
Words, NON RAPIT SED REOIPTT(z).

Though Edward was but in his fifteenth Year (3), Ti' P'r'j-
he had already a mature Judgment, and a Penetration un- "."". ' namn
common to that Age. However, in compliance to the
Laws of the Land, the King muft have Governors, and
the State Regents. The Parliament (4) chofe twelve from
among the Bifhops, Earls, and Barons, of whom Henry
ot Lancajhr was declared the Chief (5). The Queen
oppofed not this Nomination. But as fhe had the Power S-t tie
in her own hands, fhe feized the Government, and %J? ."""»
ma red it only with her Creatures. Roger Mortimer, „J„,,
who had as great an Influence over her, as Spencer the
Son had over the late King, executed the Office of
Prime Minifter, and managed the Affairs of the KingAm
according to his Pleafure. As the Parliament was at the Wtlfing.
Queen's devotion, Ihe procured the Grant of a Dower, Dc la M *



(1) He began his Reign January 20. was crowned the 26th at .7' tjlt nlnft ei -. by Walter Arohbiioop of Qhrtl,
Order of Knighth "■ ''■ in tkc hands ri the Earl of Lamajler Rymer's Tied. Tom. IV". p. 244. Wdljtms.

(a) This is Jvjhua Barnes's Account in his I. tie of /'..':: rd I!!, who tells us he law one of thefc Meohrls
Bifhcp NlcolUn think the; ■ iy widely mil}.. ken r"iat firft afcribed 'rJiefe Medals to that Prince. For \i .

looks that way, and the inferibed Fancies arc too bright fur thou- Times, and favour of a much more polite Age.

(3) He was but in his fourteenth, being born *'y See above, p. 392. Nbte (1).

(4.) Mentioned above, an 1 which o.<s ftlll v. I ng .■ ".

(?) Tliere were five Bifhops, tw > Karl-, - nd fn 1 '■'■ jdns 1 I h it Name! were, Walttr /I inald Archbifltop
; ;, y ;.,, Stratford Bifii p of h ' . ' ; ' ■ '' Bifii "I >■' ■ . er, and Id ' letut Bifhop of Hi

Earl-Marihal, and Edmund of PfitdJI'.ci E irl of Kent; the Barons wei , Jobi I rd '• -,. ■fi:»\n Lord li
Jblm Lord Roft .- Beird« Henry Earl of Lai id vho v. us depu; i fa !; IS : 1I1. ■ ch ef



and



Candlemafs -Dtj received the



•rbui
p. 126.

at a Friend's Chambers- in Cray's Inn. But
he fays) there is nothing in the Legend that
H:jl Lit. Part III. p. 250.



M Canierbnt v, William Mdtitt Arcrrbiihcp of
reforafj trie Earls were, "/7'wii of Brotbertsn
"o£e, Henry Lord Perry, Oliver Ingham, and
Carejol the King's Pcifon. Leland's CdliB.



exceed i nt!






Book X.



ii. EDWARD III.



4-0'



iJ-7.



the Parlni-
mcit afiuull
the Stnttnw
fjJfeJ in tb,
U re Reign.
Aft. Pub.
IV. p. j 4 5,
*$6, *i7-



K Tht King de-
mand* the
Ciaor.iziation
vftbe Earltj
Land tier*



Ibid. p. 249.
&c. 269.



SfcXftg

0/ Scotland

7r«r«.
Buchanan.
Aft. Pub.
IV. p. 270.
281.
Froillart,
1- 1. c. 15.



Buchanan.
18.



Edward
raifes an
Army.
Walling.
Knighton.
Fioilfart,
). 1. c. 1 3.
Aft. Pub.
IV. f. 281
2S7, 292.
Ecfraid.



The Sects

rwva^e the
Btitdal.



Bncth.

£11* hu frail.



exceeding two Thirds of the Revenues of the Crown. At
the fame time, a hundred Marks a Month were affigned
for the Maintenance of the depofed King. A Sum more
than fufficient for the Expences of that unfortunate Prince,
who was treated in his Confinement after a very unbecom-
ing manner.

The Animofity fhewn by the Parliament in their Pro-
ceedings againft Edvjard II, encouraged fuch as were
Sufferers whilft the Spencers were in Power, to petition
to be reflored to their Efiates and Honours. Their Peti-
tions met with a favourable Reception. The Parliament,
wiljing to juftify their late Conduct, reverfed all the
Judgments palled in the foregoing Reign, as well againft
the late Earl of Lancnjlcr (1) and his Adherents, as
againft thofe that favoured the Defigns of the Queen. It
was pretended, they were contrary to Law, and mani-
feftly extorted by the Credit of the Favourites. Perhaps
this gave occafion to fome Hillorians to fay, that Ed-
ward III was pleafed to begin his Reign with a General
Pardon. But if by this General Pardon be meant the re-
verfing the forementioned Judgments, the Honour of it is
not to be afcribed to the King. He not only did nothing
of himfelf, but it is certain that herein the fole Motive was
to difparage the late Government, and favour the Queen's
Party. For the fame purpofe, the King was perfiaded
earneftly to follicit the Court of Rente for the Canonization
of the Earl of Lancajler, beheaded at Pontfratl {1). He
was made to fay in his Letter to the Pope, that theMiia-
cles wrought at his Tomb, were a clear Evidence, his
Punifhment was a real Martyrdom. In fine, all the Pro-
ceedings of the Queen and Parliament tended folely to
juftify what had been done with regard to the late King,
which doubtlefs would have been deemed very criminal if
it had not been crowned with Succefs.

The Tranquillity England hoped to enjoy under the
new King, who was in Peace or in Truce with all his
Neighbours, was difturbed by an Incurfion of the Scots
on the Borders. Robert their King, though in an ill
State of Health, and of a great Age, believed he ought
not to fuffer the Non-age of the King of England to pafs
without reaping fome advantage. He was afraid like-
wife that a too long repofe might enervate his Subjects.
In his Circumftances, he thought it neceffary to keep



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