M. (Paul) Rapin de Thoyras.

The history of England : written in French (Volume 1) online

. (page 18 of 360)
Online LibraryM. (Paul) Rapin de ThoyrasThe history of England : written in French (Volume 1) → online text (page 18 of 360)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


wifely improved his Victories to the utmoft. The Dread he't*/ °^
ftruck them with, made them refolve to unite all their Forces,
and endeavour to retrieve their Affairs. They were fenfible
that by difperfmg their Forces in feveral Parts, they endan-
gered in one Place what they had got in another, which was
never the Way to procure a Iafting Settlement. Wherefore
Efcus King of Kent, Ella King of Sujpx, Cerdic, Porta,
the Northern SaxonsaiTembted all their Troops, and conferr'd
the Command in Chiet on Cerdic. The Infirmities and
Old Age of Ella, who had been Monarch ever fince 492,
were probably the caufe of his not heading the Army at this



Nennius.
Hunt.



{'; In I..:-:. .ifl r.\ near rViggin.

(ai So calkd by Bntijh Writers, but by the Englijh ones, Cymtn and Ptetine, from whom CymtnBxm in Suffix. Rapin.
(3) L Ice .1 Harper, f. ys Gaff. Mmm. I. 9. c. 1.

'■i He landed .it .1 Place call'd Ctrdtc's-Oia. Sax. Sinn, which according to Camden, was near TarmMtb in NorfM; but according to others, near
'Kfnn.J cc Ji ? .Gii. Gltff. at' the end of Sax. Ann.

x Bug or Due in Lincdr.Jliire. lyrr. p. 135,



1 - 1 Neai ;•", gin in Lancajhin, or by the R

(6) In Biiti/b Bvielt, and Vortigem Mat,

{-,) In Latin, Cattavidia. G. Malm, cjlls it Walvitba and Walvertba.

(S I The Sax. Attn, and Hi ntiitgden, p. 312. and Mat. Weftm. p. 182.

appear that nny Writer fa) s he landed at Portland. See lyrrel.

19) By the River Bafas, which k fuppos'd to run by Bcfton. lyrr. p.

'■ ! ' ■•' ■'■ ''■■■■■■■ '■ ' \Unm, lays, !. 9 . c. 3. Tapneftum Ltt,



fay, he landed at Ptrtfmouti with his two Sons, Bitda and Ma-gla. It does not
And ;'/: Tetmefic limn applUutrunt fays Mat. Weftm. p. 1S6.

Time.



, 'J5-.

Litlut adiven.nl



Book II.



The BRITONS WSAXONS.



time. Ccrdic Laving divided his Troops into two Bodies,
gave the Command of the leaft to Baldulph and Colgrin,
and headed the other himfelf with his Son Ccnric. While
and Britons- the Saxons were employed in making Preparations, the Bri-
tons were exerting their utmoft to raife an Army capable of
Nennms. withftanding fo powerful Enemies. In this fo preffing an
H. Hunt. Occafion, where they had need of all their Forces, thofe that
could bear Arms came in Crouds, and lifted themfelves under
Ambrufuu their Generals. So that it was thought on both Sides a
had, the rjecifive Battle would quickly enfua Ambrofius called here
by Hiltorians Nazaleod, though very old, and almoft part,
the Time of Action, could not fee all thefe Preparations
without having his Courage rouz'd, which Age feem'd to
have lain afleep. He put himfelf at the Head of his Ar-
my, and detaching Arthur to follow Baldulph and Colgrin,
who were marching towards the IVeJl, refolv'd to go in
queft of Cerdic. Arthur, every where victorious, coming
to an Engagement with the Saxon Brothers in Cornwal, ob-
tain'd a fignal Victory over them ( i ).
580. Whilft this great General was caufing the Anns of the
T ' f B " tons Britons to triumph in thofe Parts, Ambrofius advanced to-
"a'd Ambro- wards Cerdic, who had no thought of retiring. The two
fnajkin. Armies being engag'd, Ambrofius broke through the right
H.^ Hunt. Wing of the Saxons, commanded by Cerdic, and put them
to rout. But whilft he was eagerly purfuing his Victory
againft a Body that made but a faint Refiftance, Cenric had
the fame Advantage over the right Wing of the Britons,
which he more wifely improv'd. Inftead of lofing Time
in purfuing the Run-aways, he flies to the Affiftance of his
Father, and falling upon Ambrofius in Flank, puts him in
irreparable Diforder. By this prudent Conduct, he gave
Cerdic Time to rally his Troops, and complete the Victory
by an entire Defeat of the Britons.

Ambrofius, vex'd to fee the Victory fnatch'd out of his
Hands, did all he could to renew the Fight. In fpite of
Age and Infirmities, he threw himfelf among his Enemies
in order to animate his Troops by his Example. But all
his Efforts ferv'd only to crown his glorious Life with an
honourable Death. The fall of Ambrofius caufed an uni-
verfal Rout among the Britons, who precipitately abandon'd
the Field of Battle to their Enemies. The Succefs of that
Day was, by the publick Acknowledgment of his Father,
attributed to Cenric. This Battle was fought in 508, near
a Place call'd by the Saxons, Cerdic's-Ford (2).
Nazalecd Before I proceed any farther, it will be proper to obferve,

and Ambro- that the Name of Nazaleod, given by Hiftorians to the
fius the Jam Britijh Monarch fiain in this Battle, has made fome ima-
Camden. g' ne it was not Ainbrojius. But the Opinion of Camden and
H.Hunt, feveral other good Writers, who aflert the contrary, is
doubtlefs to be preferr'd. All the Hiftorians agree that Am-
brofius fell in Battle. Now after the beginning of this
Prince's Reign, there was no other Battle except this,
wherein a Britijh Monarch was (lain. Befides, Hiftorians
would not have omitted to mark the Time of the Death of
fo famous a Prince, had ithappen'd in fome other Action.
Arthur Arthur was elected Monarch in the Room of Ambrofius.

defied Mo- {j e was doubtlefs the fitteft Perfon to command the Army,
his very Name being terrible to the Saxons (3). Between
u(ncr ,j e Ambrofius and Arthur, fome Writers place Uthcr Pendra-
Prim. c. *igon, who, they affirm, was Arthur's eldeft Brother, and
G. Monm. j^^ Q r tnem g ons f Ambrofius. Others will have it that
Arthur was Son and Succeflbr of Uthcr. But they that are
Ufter. sui- mo fl. vers '(j j n the Englijh Hiftory, maintain that Vther was
Langh.rn. only a Sirname given to the great Arthur on account of
his Victories, the Word being capable of that Senfe in the
old Britijh Language.
. tlt Arthur, after his Coronation at Caerlcon, which he had
Northum- retaken from the Saxons, march'd againft the Northumbrians,
brans- and defeated them on the Banks of the little River Ribroyt that
Camden. run s through Z.««r/7^j;V#. This is reckon'd his Tenth Victory
over the Saxons. In the mean time Baldulph and Colgrin,
invading the Weflern Parts, made luch Devaluations, that he
wasoblig'd to have Northumberland, and march againft the
two Brothers. However, he left Hoel his Nephew in Berni-
cia, to oppofe the Saxons there, who, though often beaten,
And gain, were ftili formidable. His ufual Succefs attended him. The
"'■■>• 'j ■" Saxon Brothers being compell'd by him to come to an En-
ui; ' gagement, were routed near Cadbury in Somerfetjhire (4).
511. Meanwhile, Cerdic having receiv'd frefh Supplies from
iu Battle o/the Saxon Princes in Britain, as well as from Germany, laid
Badtn-HUl. g; e g e t0 ^ath. Baldulph and Colgrin having joined him alfo,
with what Troops they could draw together, his Army was



H. Hunt.



fo ftrong, that he wifh'd the Britons would attempt to raife
the Siege. His Wifhes were accomplifn'd. Arthur, re-
volving to hazard All to fave that Place, came and gave'""' '"'
him Battle, which proved the bloodied that had ever been
fought between the two Nations. It lafted from Noon till
Night, without any vifible Advantage to either Side. Both
Armies kept the Field, waiting for the Day, to renew the
Fight. The Saxons, during the Night, ported themfelves on
a little Hill, call'd Bannefdozvn, which was of great Impor-
tance, tho' it had been neglected by both Sides the Day
before. As foon as it was light, Arthur, perceiving the Ad-
vantage the Saxons had gain'd by fcizing that Poft, was re-
folv'd to diflodge them, wln'ch he effected after a long and
obftinate Fight. The Briton,, animated by the Piefence and
Valour of their King, perceiving, the Saxons in retreating
down the Hill had put themfelves in fome Diforder, prefs'd
them ftill more vigoroufly, and at laft entirely routed them
(;). They gained, on this Occafion, a moft complete Victory.
Baldulph and Colgrin were both (lain, and Cerdic, with the
Remains of his Army, retired to an inaccefhble Poft.

Ari unexpected Event gave the Saxons time to breathe, Tie Pic>,
and prevented Arthur from improving his Victory. The"**"*'"
Picls, who were in Alliance with the Saxons, knowing ^' r f t £"" fc
Arthur to be at a Diftance, and his Nephew Heel fick attj. M 1 n .
Areclute, refolv'd to befige that Town, in Expectation of- 7-
taking it before it could be reliev'd. But Arthur was toof __
quick for them. Inftead of purfuing his Advantage upon Argent. 1. 1.
Cerdic, he flew to the Affiftance of the King of Armorica,
and compell'd the Picls to raife the Siege. The Britijh *«thiir »■
Monarch was fo provok'd with the Picls for this Diverfipn, ^J ' /
which came fo opportunely for the Saxons, that he ravaged G Monna.
their Country from one End to the other, and would have L 7-
entirely deftroy'd it, had not the Bifhops by their Interceffion
diverted him from his Purpofe.

During this Expedition, died Gueniver Wife of Arthur At hur'i
who was buried in the County of Angus (6). As fhe had no '''/' <<"'■
Children, the Women of the Country fancieJ, All that walk-^' wk™a;
ed over her Grave, would, like her, be barren. For which Hoi «b»
Reafon great Care was taken to hinder the young DamfelsC- Monm.
from approaching it. Hoel, after this Expedition, return'd to ' "'
his own Country, the Victory of Badon having fecur'd Ar-
thur, for fome time, from any Attempts of the Saxons. Ar-
thur, in his Return from the Country of the Picls, made fame
Stay at York, which the Saxons had juft abandon d fince the
Battle of Badon. His chief Intent was to regulate the Affairs
of the Church, which were, from the time the Saxons had
been Mafters of that City, in great Confufion.

Efcus King of Kent died in 512, memorable only for rj Z
leaving his Name to all his SuccefTors, Kings of Kent, whoOfti King cf
from him were call'd Efciwians. He was fucceeded by hisIi L '" r : ,
SonOtf*. J \ f t MAm -

Two Years after died Ella King of ' Sujpx, and Monarch ; , .
of the Saxons, having enlarg'd his narrow Territories at the The Death 4
Expence of the Britons, during a Reign of twenty three EH'-
Years. His two eldeft Sons having been ttain at Badon, Cijfa g' d W ^' 2 .
the youngeft fucceeded him in the Kingdom of Sujfex ; but h. Hunt,
the Monarchy of the Saxons was conferr'd on Cerdic.

Cerdic, ever fince the Battle of Badon, had lain quiet in 5 14.
his own Country, expecting a Supply from Germany, which Hunt.
arrived in 514, under the Conduct of Stuff ar\A Withgar his
Nephews (7). Upon this he took the Field again, and com-
mitted great Devaftations in the Country of the Britons (S).
Arthur, tho' weaken'd by his own Victories, not having the
fame Recruits as the Saxons, made however powerful Strug-
gles t~> oppofe theProgrefs of this formidable Enemv. The
many and bloody Battlss between the two Nations did not
decide the Quarrel, fince Victory inclin'd fometimes on one
Side, and fometimes on the other. But at length in 519, »j_
Cerdic defeated the Britons in fucha manner, as made themordic gaim
defpair of ever driving out theSaxons (9). Wherefore, Ar-'f''"
thur faw himfelf under a nececeffity of taking other Meafures. "'
As he found his Army irreparably deftroy'd, he thought it
more prudent to conclude a Peace with Cerdic, and grant him
a Part, rather than hazard the Whole of his Dominions, by
endeavouring to deprive him of All. This Confideration
moved him to furrender by Treaty a certain Tract of Land,
containing the prefent Counties of Hampjhire and Somertjhire. „. .
The Saxon Prince was pleas'd with thefe Terms, being de-
firous after fo long a War, of enjoying fome Repofe in his
declining Age. As foon as he was in Pofleffion of his new
Territories, he founded the Kingdom of Wefifex, or of the
Weft-Saxons, fo call'd becaufe it lay Weft of Kent and Sujfex-



{, ) Near Gainfcrd, fays Dr. Gate in his Notes upon Ncnnius, r. 131.

(2) Cbarctfcrd lnHaiiifjhtic. There wcie ccoo Rrif.ni flam with him. Sax. Ann.

(3) Arthur fignifies a horrtbU Bear, or an lion Hammer, (rum the Britijh Word Arth a Bear. Sti/l. Orig. Brit.
\f) Sofia, by Miftake, fays in Corn-wall.

' ■ ; Malmftmrj fays, Arthur flew 4C0 with his own Hand, /. 7. Ujher places the Battle of Badon in 520 ; but Langl'.rne's Opinion, who places it in 5 1 1.
U .. CO be Lelt iuppcrted. See Lenih. p. 62.
(0) In Scotland.

(7) They landid at Co-Ac's -Ora with three Ships. Sax. Ann. In occidentals parte Britannia with two Ships, f3ys M. >VeJlm. p. 1S4. So that Ctrdie'f
Ora was probab'y Calfhct, or near it, inHampjbirt. Gibfoifl Gloffar. at the End c: the Annals.

(8) Fortitude Cerdici facia eft terribiln, ptrtrenjiitout f,>>u». t in furtitudint magna, hi. Huntingd.

(9) MCbardfirdin Hamtjhire. Sax. Ann. Hunt. /•■ jii.

N z. Vol. I. K H«



:8



Toe HISTORY ^/ENGLAND.



Vol. I.



... He was crown'd at Wmchefter, twenty three Years after his

iK "" Arrival in Britain (i ). Thus by his Valour and Perfeve-

; Weffex. ^^ )l( , p rocure j himfelf a Settlement in the Ifland, as

well as his Countrymen Hengiji and Ella.
Cbron. Arthur took this Opportunity to rebuild fome of the

K ' ; "'■ Churches deftroy'd by the preceding Wars, and to repair,
as far as lay in 'his Power, the Damages Religion had hi-
therto fuftain'd.
.,-,. From the time Hengiji had peopled Effex and Middle/ex

i Lwin with Saxons and Jfttes, they had been govern'd by a Deputy
' <•«£<>/ under the King of Kent. But in 527 Erchenwin, defcended
Huntin d from W***h airum'd the Title of King of Effex, or of the
I. "!""' Eajl-Saxons. This Kingdom lying Eajhuard of the other
three, contained the two Counties of Effex and Middlefex,
of which London was the Capital. Who Erchenwin was,
how long he had been in Britain, and what Right he had to
this new Kingdom, Hiftorians inform us not. I fuppofe he
was Governor under OcJa King of Kent, and taking ad-
vantage of hisWeaknefs, engag'd the People to acknow-
ledge him for King.
■j, a ■ -.'.// About this time Multitudes of Angles under the Conduct
,,lc - of twelve Chiefs, all of equal Authority, but whofe Names,
G. Malm, except Ufa, (of whom I fhall have occafion to fpeak here-
M Weftm after,) are unknown,- landed at fome Port on the Eajlern
Coaft of Britain, where, without much difficulty, they pof-
fefs'd themfelves of fome Port; thofe Parts being ill guarded
by the Britons. In time, as they were continually enlarg-
ing their Conquefts towards the JFeJl, they compell'd the
Britons at length to abandon the Country along the Eajlern
Shore. The Angles, thus fituated, had an Opportunity of
fending from time to time for frcfli Colonies from Germany,
■n-f f.::h on with which they founded a fifth Kingdom, by the Name
it, r .item f t ] ]c Kingdom of Ea/l-Anglia, or of the Eajl- Angles. But

M/Weitm. as their firlt Chicfs afl um ' d not the Title ot KLll g' the Be "
ginning of this Kingdom is generally brought down to the

Year 571.
G. Monrn, During the eight Years Peace between Arthur and Cer-
dic, the King of Armorica being difturb'd by the Rebellion
oiFrotton, one of his Subjects, lent to his Uncle Arthur for
Aid. As Britain was then in a State of Tranquillity, Ar-
thur would go inPerfon, and affift the King his Nephew.
To that end he pafTes into Armorica, where he revenges
Hoel, by flaying Frollon with his own Hand in the firft
Battle they fought.
527. Arthur was ftill with Hoel when the Angles zrt'w'd inBri-

TbtHaitU 'J tain. His Abfence very probably gave them an Opportunity
Chi idilc- . f makino Greater Proerefs than they would have done, had

Huntinc-d. , , .° ?!■•• „ ° n ...J- „tr„ »„],•„ iJinnt^c nf



J. 2.



he been in die Country. Cerdic alfo taking Advantage of



Sax. Ann. Arthur % Abfence, and of the Angles, broke the Peace, and
made fome farther Conquefts. He was conftantly attended
by his Son Ccnric, who bravery feconded him in all his Un-
dertakings, and by his Valour and Conduct caus'd him to
gain a fignal Victory in Buckinghamfliire, at' a Place call'd
Cerdic sLega, now Chertlficy ( 2 ).
528. Arthur at his Return found his Affairs in extreme Dif-
Aith.u n - orU er, by reafon of Cerdic's new Conquefto, and the Arri-
' : i'Z:'!" \,:,: val of the Angles. However, perceiving himfelf unable to
Cirdic. renew the War with his Enemies, whofe Number was
continually encreafing, he chofe to make a new Treaty
with Cerdic. Immediately after this Treaty, Arthur is
laid to all'ume the Title of Emperor, of which his Seal found
Artert. at IFeJlminjler is pretended to be a Proof. Leland fays, he
Arthur!. f aw tne ImprelTion of it on red Wax, with thefe Words
round it : Patr. Arthur! us. Biitann. Gall. Germ. Dae. Im-
per. that is, Patricius Arthurius ; Britannkus. Gallieus.
Germanicus. Dacicus. Imperator. Thefe proud Titles
perhaps were the Occafion of afcribing to him fo many
pretended Victories in foreign Countries, and of ftyling him
Conqueror of the Gauls, Germans, and Dacians. But
whether this Seal be genuine or not (3), there is Founda-
tion enough for thefe Titles from the Exploits now related
of this Prince. He might be call'd Britannkus from his
being Monarch of the Britons. The Title of Gallieus might
he owing to his Expedition into Gaul. The Surname of
Germanicus was no lefs proper, iince he frequently defeated
the Saxons, who came from Germany. Lattly, his being
fty led Dacicus might be founded on his Viftory over the
'Jute,, who were mix'd with the Saxons, and by fome have
been confounded with the Danes and Dacians. Be tliis as
it will, if he affum'd the Title of Emperor, as it is very
likely, fince Ambrofms did the fame, the four different
Times of his attaining to the four feveral Dignities, muft be
, . 1 . carefully diftinguifh'd. 1. He mounted the Throne of
Danmonium in 467, at fifteen Years of Age. 2. in 476,
'' ' he vrascTeatedPatricianbyAmbro/ius. 3. In 50S, he was
ele&ed Monarch of Britain. 4. In 528, he ailumed the
Imperial Purple. Thefe Epacha's thus diftinguifh'd, remove,
in great meafure, the Confufion in the Hiftory of this great
Prince, with refpect to Chronology.



Arthi



Hoel, King of. Armorica, was enjoying the Repofe.pro«- Artbu r rt '
cured him by Arthur, when he heard that the IVifigoths, Armorica.
then in Pofleffion of Part of Gaul, were preparing to invade G. m nm.
his Dominions : Wherefore he defired Arthur to come, once'- 7-
more, in Perfon to affift him againft fo formidable Enemies, Lanehom. '
that were already Matters of Part of Gaul. How necefTary p. 7S.
foever Arthur's Prefence might be in his own Kingdom, he
readily gave Hoel this full Proof of his Affection and Grati-
tude. As he was like to be detain'd abroad fome time by
the Affairs of Armorica, he left Modred his Nephew, whom
he defign'd for his Succeffor Regent in his Abfence, at the
fame time entrufting him with the Care of the Queen his
Wife.

Arthur was no fooner gone, but Cerdic, taking advan- Si°'
tage of his Abfence, attacks and fubdues the Ijle of IVight, J£j£ **•
destroying almoft all the Inhabitants in a cruel Manner. Wight.
But this Lots was nothing to Arthur, in coaiparifon of what
fhortly after follow'd by the Treachery of Modred, to whofe 7 " ,J "*">- <f
Care he had committed what he held mofl dear. This G.°Mon'ni.
Traitor, finding the Wife and Kingdom of Arthur in his
Power, falls in Love with both, and not l.ttisfied with de-
bauching the Queen in private, publickly marries her. In
order to avoid by a fecond Crime, the Puniihment of the
firft, he refolves moreover to feize the Crown of his Uncle,
his King, and Benefaftor. The more eafily to accomplifh MoJred
his Deiign, he judges it necefTary to make Cerdic his Friend, ; ; '"'■ wiA
and by his Means to gain all the reft of the Saxon Princes '"'
to his Intereft. He was very fenfible, it wpu'd be very
difficult to fupport himfelf in his Ufurpation, if he were
immediately fore'd to engage in a War with the Foreigners.
Befides, he could not find a readier or moie powerful Pro-
tection. But the Saxon Prince not being of a Humour tr.
neglect: his own, for the fake of another's Affairs, Mo-
dred could not poffihly obtain this Protection, without pav-
ing dear for it. However, as he had no other way to fup-Ran. C ,
port himfelf, he refigns to Cerdic one part of the Domi- (i - Malm.
nions, ufurp'd upon his Uncle, and enters into a League of-Qi^'p
fenfive and defenfive with him. What the Saxon Prince lychr. Rj.
got by this Treaty, lay extremely convenient for him, and J."' 1 - Divi "
yaftly exceeded what was before given him by Arthur. It '''
contain'd, befides Part of Danmonium, or Cornwal, the pre-
fent Counties of Berkjhire, JFdtJhire, Devon/hire, and Dor-
fetjhire. This, with Hampjhirc and Somertfctjhire, which he
was before poffefs'd of,- render'd his Kingdom much larger
and more conliderable, than the three other Saxon Kingdoms
already eftablifh'd. The Treaty being executed, Madrid Htis-avtuttl
was crown'd at London ; thofe who privately abhorr'd his"' London,
treacherous Doings not daring to oppofe it, for fear of being
opprefs'd, before the Return of their lawful Prince.

In the mean time, Cerdic, after having much enlarg'd Cadic/*-
his Dominions, was incumbred with his Greatnefs. As" ,J '' r
molt of his Subjects were Britons, on whofe Loyalty he i; ' M " 1 '
could not wholly rely, he believ'd it neceiTary, in order to Antiq.
preferve his new Dominions, to people them with Saxon °j a *'
Colonies. To that end he fent Word into Germany, that , ' n ''j\j j ut " cs
All who were willing to come and fettle in his Kingdom, at Wjjf-.
fhould meet with great Encouragement. This Invitation'- ' ;Bnum "
induces a great many of the Saxons and Jutes to embrace
the prefent Opportunity. Soon after, above eight hundred
Veflels are feen to arrive, freighted with Families in quell
ofSettlements, in Cerdic's new Kingdom. Thefe Colonies
were joyfully receiv'd and planted in Habitations, from
whence Cerdic took care to drive fuch Britons as he molt
fufpedted, efpecially upon the Frontiers. Thus Britain was
fill'd by degrees, with new Inhabitants, and began to lole
the Superiority in Number the had hitherto had above the
Foreigners.

Cerdic having fettled thefe New-Comers, was crown'd c tt Jx
a fecond time axIVinche/lcr, the Metropolis of his Domi- cnund
nions, by the fame Title of King of llujfcx, or of the '-■''"■
JVeJl-Sasons, that he had before atTum'd. This Ceremony
was thought necefTary, by reafon of the great Number of
his new Subjects, Saxons and Jutes, that were lately added .
to the old. This Kingdom was very advantagioufly litu- A&oaatagf
ated, being bounded on the North, by the Thames; on the ■ Situation
Weft, by the Severn ; on the, South, by the Sea ; and on ;j„^l/ C "' £ '
the Eajl, by the Kingdom of Suffix. As for the Britons Wcfl'es.
that were ftill in pofieffion of the greatell Part of Danmo-
nium, they coifd not be very formidable to Cerdic, being
divided from the reft of their Nation by this new Kingdom
and the Severn.

Cerdic was but too well acquainted with the Valour and c ,. ,^ c p ro .
Activity of Arthur, to imagine he would fit ftill at his Re- W 1 againft
turn; and therefore us'd all his Endeavours to put himfelf in -""'■•■"■
a Pofture of Defence. To' that end, he repairs all lib (hong
Holds, adds new Works, and takes all other Precautions
his Prudence fuggelts to him, not to be furpriz'd when he
comes to defend his Dominions. Every thing being put w . f , , ,.,,
in order, _ he rewarded his Nephews Stujf and // ithgai ,1



(II Some place this Fa£l fooner, fome Liter. K.ipi':.

(2) Miltm confounds this with the Battle of Balm-Hill. Rapin.

(3) Than is great Reafon '.0 fufpoct its Gonuincaefs ; «■; probably it »•





; ' ■
Sao Aim.



the 1 ve tin of fcmi Monk jf Gl'Jjft bury, SeeJvVt Ifm'i Hiilj Library. 31.

wlu



Book IL



The BRITONS and SAXONS.



39



who had faithfully fcrved him ever fincc their Arrival, with
the Ijle of H'ight. As in all likelihood they were Jutes-,
Cerdic, in the Distribution of his new Colonies, had taken
care beforehand to people that little Ifland with their own
Countrymen (i).
- j a. Thus Cerdic was prepared againft the Attacks of Arthur,

Tie Dcmbcf-when Death took him out of the World in the Year 534,
r^MM Sixteen Years after his firft Coronation, and thirty-nine
l.\. c. 6. after his Arrival in Britain. He muft have been of a great
Age when he died, for thirty-nine Years before, Cenric
his Son was able to aflifl him in his Wars. The Time
this Prince palled in Britain was a continued Scene of good
and' bad Succefs, which ferv'd equally to fhew his Ability
to improve his Advantages, and to repair, with a won-
derful Readinefs, the Diforder his Affairs were frequently



Online LibraryM. (Paul) Rapin de ThoyrasThe history of England : written in French (Volume 1) → online text (page 18 of 360)